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Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY) - Government Schemes in India

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  1. Government formulated water conservation scheme Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY) in Feb 2018, to tackle ever-deepening crisis of depleting groundwater level.
  2. The Scheme has been allotted INR 6000 crores Initially, and will be piloted under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.
  3. Objective of scheme is to recharge ground water and create sufficient water storage for agricultural purposes. It also focuses on revival of surface water bodies so that ground water level can be increased, especially in rural areas.
  4. It will be launched in water-stressed states: Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It will cover 78 districts, 193 blocks and more than 8,300 gram panchayats.
  5. Centre will support half of project cost and rest of will be shared by World Bank.
  6. ABY will help those in need for constant ground water supply especially farmers who have been hard impacted by acute shortage of ground water.
  7. Its focus is primarily on involvement of communities and convergence with different water schemes.Its major component is making society responsible and bringing about behaviour change to manage groundwater resource. It will help improve overall outlook towards water resource.