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Latest Current Affairs - June 2020

Month Type

  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched technology platform CHAMPIONS (Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength). It aims to make smaller units big by solving their grievances, encouraging, supporting, helping and handholding.
  2. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare released 2nd Advance Estimates of 2019-20, of Area and Production of various Horticulture Crops.

    Total Horticulture

    2018-19

    (Final)

    2019-20

    (2nd  Advance Estimate)

    Area  (Million Hectare)

    25.43

    25.66

    Production

    (Million Tonne)

    310.74

    320.48

  3. Under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package, Government will provide Kisan Credit Card (KCC) to 1.5 crore dairy farmers belonging to Milk Unions and Milk producing Companies in June & July 2020. Package aims to cover 2.5 crore new farmers under the KCC scheme. This will provide an additional liquidity of Rs.5 lakh crore in hands of farmers.
  4. 3 more states (Odisha, Sikkim and Mizoram) joined scheme on ‘Integrated Management of Public Distribution System’ (IM-PDS). Under this, system nation-wide portability of benefits under NFSA through “One Nation One Ration Card”. It enables NFSA ration card holders to get their entitled quota of subsidised foodgrains from any ePoS enabled FPS anywhere in country.
    1. The facility so far is enabled in 17 States/UTs.
    2. By August 2020 three more States - Uttarakhand, Nagaland and Manipur will be added.
    3. By 31st March 2021, all States will be added to One Nation One Ration Card scheme.
  5. Cabinet Approvals (June 01, 2020) -
    1. General -
      1. Approved Upward revision of MSME definition and road map for implementing remaining two Packages for MSMEs - 20000 crore package for Distressed MSMEs and 50,000 crore equity infusion through Fund of Funds, as announced under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package.
        1. Revised Limits -

          Category

          Old

          Capital

          Old

          Turnover

          New

          Capital

          New

          Turnover

          Micro

          25 Lakh

          10 Lakh

          1 Crore

          5 Crore

          Small

          5 Crore

          2 Crore

          10 Crore

          50 Crore

          Medium

          10 crore

          5 Crore

          50 Crore

          250 Crore

        2. MSME Welfare Measures also Include -
          1. 3 lakh crore collateral-free automatic loans for MSMEs to meet operational liabilities
          2. Revision of MSME definition to render maximum benefits to the sector
          3. Disallowing global tenders in procurements uptoRs. 200 crores- to create more opportunities for domestic players, through amendments in General Financial Rules.
          4. Clearing of MSME dues by the Government and Public Sector Units within 45 days.
        3. To manage all measures, a robust ICT based system called CHAMPIONS has also been launched by Ministry of MSME.
      2. Approved to extend repayment date upto 31-08-2020, for Standard Short-Term loans upto Rs.3 lakh advanced for agriculture and allied activities by banks, with continued benefit of 2% Interest Subvention (IS) to Banks and 3% Prompt Repayment Incentive (PRI) to farmers.
    2. CCEA -
      1. Approved increase in Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for all mandated Kharif crops for marketing season 2020-21. Highest increase in MSP is proposed for nigerseed (Rs 755 per quintal), followed by sesamum (Rs 370 per quintal), urad (Rs 300 per quintal) and cotton (long staple) (Rs 275 per quintal).
        1. Increase in MSP for Kharif Crops is in line with Budget 2018-19 announcement of fixing the MSPs at a level of at least 1.5 times of the All-India weighted average Cost of Production (CoP).
  6. Office of Principal Scientific Adviser to Government and Department of Science and Technology (DST) initiated a decentralized, bottom-up, and inclusive 6 month process for the formulation of 5th national Science Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP 2020).
    1. STIP 2020 formulation process is organised into 4 highly interlinked tracks - public and expert consultation through Science Policy Forum, experts-driven thematic consultations, consultations with Ministries and States AND apex level multi-stakeholder consultation.
  7. Expert Committees on Rationalisation/Closure/Merger of Film Media Units and on Review of Autonomous Bodies submitted their report to Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Committees were headed by Bimal Julka.
    1. Committee found overlapping activities undertaken by multiple institutes and has suggested an umbrella configuration with 4 broad verticals - Production, Festival, Heritage and Knowledge.
    2. Report recommends creation of Film Promotion Fund to fund independent filmmakers for making commercial films. CFSI, Director, NFAI, Director, DFF, DG, Films Division and Joint Secretary (Films) as members.
  8. As a boost to Make in India initiative, Acquisition Wing of Ministry of Defence (MoD) placed an Indent on Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) for supply of 156 BMP 2/2k Infantry Combat Vehicles (ICV) with upgraded features for use of Mechanised Forces of Indian Army.
    1. ICVs will be manufactured by Ordnance Factory Medak (Telangana) at approximate cost of Rs 1,094 crore.
    2. These ICVs will be able to reach a speed of 65 kilometres per hour (kmph) with easy steering ability in cross country terrain and 07 kmph in water.
  9. R. K. Singh, Minister of State (IC) Power and New & Renewable Energy launched pan-India Real Time Market in electricity, as an organized platform to enable buyers and sellers pan-India to meet their energy requirement closer to real time of operation.
    1. It will bring required flexibility in market to provide real time balance while ensuring optimal utilization of available surplus capacity.
    2. Real time market would be for every 30 minutes in a day based on double sided closed auction with uniform price.
    3. Buyers/sellers shall have the option of placing buy/sell bids for each 15-minute time block.
  10. Government launched a new initiative SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support), to conduct a skill mapping exercise of returning citizens under Vande Bharat Mission.
    1. This joint initiative of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Ministry of Civil Aviation and Ministry of External Affairs aims to create a database of qualified citizens based on their skillsets and experience.
  11. National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) predicts that there would be a 24% increase in expansion of Ameri Ice Shelf (AIS) boundaries by 2021 and another 24% expansion by 2026 from its 2016 positions.
    1. Study would help understand ongoing changes in the ocean and atmospheric forces better. Ice shelves connect a glacier to the landmass.
    2. AIS is one of the largest glacier drainage basins in world, located on the east coast of Antarctica. AIS dynamics and mass balance help in understanding changes in the global climate.
    3. It becomes clear from study that the AIS is losing its stability owing to the impact of a downstream giant glacial drainage system over past 19 years, thereby advancing ice shelf boundaries due to higher freezing rates than basal melting.
    4. NCPOR also estimated rate at which ice shelves have extended for the last three years (2017-2019). The AIS extended by about 550 m in 2017, 1470 m in 2018, and 2200 m in 2019. If this continues, it is possible that by 2026, positions of ice shelf would closely coincide with actual boundary conditions.
    5. NCPOR observations also revealed a critical cooling of sea surface temperature (SST), resulting in an advancement of ice shelf by 88% in past 15 years. These changes would contribute in a major way to climate variability.
  12. Minister for Road Transport & Highways and MSMEs Nitin Gadkari announced development of a new Greenfield connectivity to Amritsar City from Nakodar via Sultanpur Lodhi, Goindwal Sahib, Khadoor Sahib as part of Delhi-Amritsar Expressway. First phase of expressway would involve investment of about Rs 25,000 crore.
  13. Astronaumers discovered a rare space object that looks like both asteroid and comet, called Active Asteroid and named 2019 LD2.
    1. It has an orbit like an asteroid and a tail like a comet. It shares orbit of Jupiter and is a part of asteroid swarm called Jupiter Trojans.
    2. This object is first that emits gas just like a comet.
    3. The asteroid was discovered by the Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System (ATLAS).
    4. This discovery also provides that Jupiter Trojans have large amounts of ice beneath their surfaces.
    5. Active Asteroids are celestial bodies that look like comet and have asteroid like orbit. The first active asteroid discovered was Elst Pizarro.
  14. Researchers at Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute have found a rare fish from the Gulf of Mannar, named Scorpaenospsis neglecta and locally called Scorpion Fish, for its venomous tail.
    1. Gulf of Mannar is a shallow bay in the Indian Ocean between Sri Lanka and India. A Chain of low islands and reefs called Ram Sethu separates Gulf of Mannar from Palk Bay.
  15. Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) revised public procurement order, to encourage Make in India initiative.
    1. DPIIT has prescribed minimum of 60% procurement of local content for the year 2020-21, 70% for the years 2021-23 and 80% for the years 2023-25. This is applicable to chemicals and petrochemicals.
    2. DPIIT has identified 55 chemicals and petrochemicals that are eligible to bid for more than Rs 5 lakhs of procurement.
  16. Government launched Pradhan Mantri SVANidhi Scheme for street vendors, as a credit facility scheme that will help more than 50 lakh urban and rural street vendors. INR 10000 credit is to be provided to street vendors, to be returned within a year.
    1. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs signed MoU with Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) for implementaion of scheme.
    2. On timely or early repayment of loan, an interest subsidy 7% per annum will be credited to bank accounts of beneficiaries.
    3. Govt also launched Mudra Shishu loan to benefit small businesses. Beneficiaries can avail an interest benefit of 2 % for a year, on loans upto 50000. Interest subvention of 2% will be for 12 months after RBI moratorium period ends.
  17. June 1 - World Milk Day. It has been marked by Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), observed since 2001. 2020 Theme is the 20th Anniversary of World Milk Day’.
    1. Nov 26 is observed as National Milk Day In India, to commemorate birth anniversary of Dr. Verghese Kurien, father of India’s White Revolution. India is top Milk Producer Nation, followed by US.
    2. June 1 is also proclaimed as "Global Day of Parents" by United Nations.
  18. Telecom and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad launched three incentive schemes with a total outlay of about 48,000 crores to boost large-scale manufacturing of electronics. Schemes were Approved in March 2020.
    1. Production Linked Incentive (41,000 crores) -
      1. It is targeted at mobile phone manufacturing and specified electronic components, government initially plans to incentivise 10 firms - five global and five local.
      2. Performance-linked incentives of 4-6 per cent towards Make in India initiatives will be provided.
    2. Component Manufacturing Scheme (3,285 crores) -
      1. Financial incentive of 25% of capital expenditure for manufacturing of goods that constitute supply chain of an electronic product under Scheme for Promotion of manufacturing of Electronic Components and Semiconductors (SPECS).         
      2. Scheme will help offset disability for domestic manufacturing of electronic components and semiconductors in order to strengthen electronic manufacturing ecosystem.
    3. Modified Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (3,762 crore) -
      1. Assistance to Modified Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC2.0) Scheme for development of world class infrastructure along with common facilities and amenities through Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMCs). 
      2. EMCs would aid growth of ESDM sector and help development of entrepreneurial ecosystem. Outlay of proposed EMC 2.0 Scheme is 3,762 crores.
      3. Scheme will create a robust infrastructure base for electronic industry to attract flow of investment in ESDM sector and lead to greater employment opportunities.
  19. Moody's Investors Service  downgraded India's credit rating to lowest investment grade Baa3 from Baa2, maintaining negative outlook.
    1. Economy of India is expected to face slower growth for a prolonged period due to the financial crisis amid the COVID-19 pandemic, rising debts and weakening of debt affordability.
    2. Moody’s expects India’s real Gross Domestic Product(GDP) to contract by 3.1% in fiscal 2021 (2020-21).
    3. Rating

      Downgraded Rating

      Previous Rating

      India's Local Currency Senior Unsecured Rating

      Baa3

      Baa2

      Short-Term Local Currency Rating

      Prime-3

      Prime-2

      Short-Term Foreign-Currency Bank Deposit Ceiling

      Prime-3

      Prime-2

      India's Long-Term Foreign-Currency Bond

      A2

      A1

      Bank Deposit Ceilings

      A2

      A1

  20. India is to be re-elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council during elections in June 2020. India will be sole contender from Asia Pacific seat.
    1. India has launched a brochure that lists the priorities of India at UNSC. It has set out five key priorities - new opportunities for progress, reforming the multilateral system, effective response to international terrorism, comprehensive approach to international peace and promoting technologies with human touch.
    2. UNSC elections to elect five non-permanent members of 15-member Security Council for 2021-22 term will be held on June 17.
  21. Indian-Origin Person Krishnendu Majumdar is named as BAFTA (British Academy of Film and Television Arts) Chair.
  22. US postponed G7 summit to September 2020. Also, US President Trump intends to expand G7 group to G10 or G11, and invited India and Russia for the same.
    1. G-7 is a group of seven countries namely France, Canada, Germany, Japan, US and UK.
  23. In latest ranking of global startup ecosystems by Startupblink, India dropped 6 places to 23rd spot, despite being 3rd largest Startup Hub.
    1. Bengaluru dropped 3 places to have 14th rank in top cities with best startup ecosystems ranking, Delhi ranked 15th and Mumbai 22nd.
  24. June 2 is Statehood Day of Telangana, which was formed in 2014 as India's 29th State.
    1. June 2 is also obsrved as International Sex Workers Day, to spread awareness on rights of sex workers so that they can lead a life of respect.
  25. Severe Cyclonic Storm Nisarga became strongest tropical cyclone to strike Maharashtra, with speeds up to 140 KM/H. It was also first cyclone to impact Mumbai since Cyclone Phyan of 2009.
    1. Nisarga was second cyclone to strike Indian subcontinent within 2 weeks time, after Cyclone Amphan, the first super cyclonic storm occurred in the Bay of Bengal in the 21st century, hit West Bengal.
  26. Cabinet Approvals (June 03, 2020) -
    1. General -
      1. Approved to rename Kolkata Port as Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port.
      2. Approved to re-establish Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine & Homoeopathy (PCIM&H) as Subordinate Office under Ministry of AYUSH by merging into it Pharmacopoeia Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM) and Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory (HPL) - 2 central laboratories established at Ghaziabad since 1975.
      3. Approved setting up of an “Empowered Group of Secretaries (EGoS) and Project Development Cells (PDCs) in Ministries/Departments of Government, for attracting investments in India.
      4. Approved several Measures for farmers' welfare -
        1. Amendment to Essential Commodities Act -
          1. Commodities like cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onion and potatoes will be removed from list of essential commodities. This will remove fears of private investors of excessive regulatory interference in their business operations.
          2. The freedom to produce, hold, move, distribute and supply will lead to harnessing of economies of scale and attract private /foreign investment into agriculture.
          3. Government has also ensured that interests of consumers are safeguarded.  It has been provided in the Amendment, that in situations such as war, famine, extraordinary price rise and natural calamity, such agricultural foodstuff can be regulated.
        2. Barrier-free trade in agriculture produce
          1. Cabinet approved 'The Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance, 2020'.
          2. It will create an ecosystem where farmers and traders will enjoy freedom of choice of sale and purchase of agri-produce. It will open more choices for the farmer, reduce marketing costs and help them get better prices.
          3. Ordinance also proposes an electronic trading in transaction platform for ensuring a seamless trade electronically.
          4. Ordinance aims at creating additional trading opportunities outside APMC market yards to help farmers get remunerative prices due to additional competition.
        3. Farmers empowered to engage with processors, aggregators, wholesalers, large retailers, exporters
          1. Cabinet approved ‘The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordinance, 2020’.
          2. Ordinance will empower farmers for engaging with processors, wholesalers, aggregators,wholesalers, large retailers, exporters etc., on a level playing field without any fear of exploitation.
          3. This will act as a catalyst to attract private sector investment for building supply chains for supply of Indian farm produce to global markets.
    2. MOUs -
      1. Bhutan - Cooperation in areas of Environment.
  27. United Nations Security Council (UNSC) extended individual sanctions, travel ban and an arms embargo in South Sudan until May 2021, to encourage developments in South Sudan’s peace process as nation is emerging from a six-year civil war.
  28. Fossilized millipede-like Silurian Period creature called Kampecaris obanensis(approximately 450 million years old) is discovered on island of Kerrera in Scottish Inner Hebrides(Scotland), which is likely to be world’s oldest-known land animal.
    1. Fossils of oldest-known plant with a stem, called Cooksonia, were also found in the same ancient lake region as Kampecaris.
  29. PSU IRCON International signed MoU with National Investment and Infrastructure Fund Limited(NIIFL) and NIIF platform company Ayana Renewable Power Private Limited(AYANA), to explore and collaborate on opportunities in the solar energy sector.
  30. PM Narendra Modi appointed a committee headed by Rajnath Singh to solve difficulties faced in implementation of 3 Lakh crore collateral-free loan Scheme for Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises(MSME), under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package.
  31. IIT Madras' Dredging Technology has helped Odisha's Chilika lake, Asia's largest brackish water body, in tripling the population of the Irrawaddy dolphins. Process of dredging consists of excavation of material from bottom, removal of loosened material to dredge vessel and transportation of material to placement area.
  32. NASA Stated that 5 Asteroids passed by Earth Safely on June 3, Including 170 feet wide 2020 KE4 as nearest flyer. It passed by Earth within a distance of 0.01966 astronomical units (1.8 Miles approx).
  33. June 3 - World Bicycle Day, declared by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2018. It promotes use of Bicycle for its environmental and health benefits.
  34. Coal India Subsidiary Western Coalfields Ltd (WCL) opened 3 new coal mines in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, with combined annual production capacity of 2.9 million tonnes (MT).
    1. Company alsolaunched a surveillance System named WCL EYE for monitoring of its mining operations and an App named SAMVAAD to connect with its employees and stakeholders.
  35. Amid tremendous increase in demand of transparent conducting glasses (TCG) with high light transparency, Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences Bengaluru (CeNS) has developed a novel recipe for fabrication of TCG which brings down its production cost by 80% compared to tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) based technology which is currently in use.
    1. Newly fabricated TCG consists of metal mesh on a glass substrate with thin overlayers of metal oxides. The design is attractive as hybrid electrode possesses excellent conductive property of metal mesh while offering an oxide surface finish for conductive glass.
  36. Scientists at Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST) found a new process for synthesizing crystalline rubrene, a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-based thin film which can be useful for development of optoelectronic devices and preparation of Electronic Skin (E-Skin).
    1. New synthesis is a water-free, solvent-free, environmentally friendly one-step plasma process. A highly uniform pin-hole-free thin film can be deposited by this process, which is useful for fabrication of high-end devices.
    2. Study revealed that centro-symmetric rubrene crystal has a thin amorphous oxide layer formed over crystalline film. This induces surface layer polarization effect leading to pyro-phototronic effect.
    3. Formation of crystalline rubrene at sufficiently high Radio Frequency(RF) plasma power confirmed that with increasing applied RF power, a phase transition from amorphous to crystalline rubrene can be obtained.
  37. Government has set up a Task Force to examine matters pertaining to age of motherhood, imperatives of lowering MMR, improvement of nutritional levels and related issues. It will be headed by Jaya Jaitly.
  38. CSIR signed Letter of Intent with Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), a flagship initiative to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship, to collaborate in areas of mutual interest and foster Innovation in country.
  39. Scientists at International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) developed new environment friendly way to shape ceramics through 3D printing with Methyl Cellulose.
    1. Ceramic parts are produced from powder formulations with additives using various shaping processes followed by post thermal treatments. High-end applications require complex geometries with micro-features, which is major limitation of ceramic shaping process.
    2. 3D printing offers new possibilities for near-net shaping. However, 3D process is only a shaping procedure, and property of final part depends on composition and microstructure, which are dictated by thermal processing after printing. Hence, optimization of processing parameters with respect to flow properties and tailoring of defect-free microstructures have been challenging.
    3. ARCI team used thermal gelation property of methylcellulose (MC), and demonstrated 3D printing of advanced ceramics with MgAl2O4 spinel.
    4. Based on results, team carried out 3D printing using a moldable paste with a concentration of 0.25% of methylcellulose having shear-thinning rheology.
  40. Researchers at Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences Nainital (ARIES) found that aerosol radiative forcing larger than global averages, implying some amount of radiative effects, in spite of clean atmosphere over trans-Himalayas. 
    1. Study shows that monthly-mean atmospheric radiative forcing of aerosols leads to heating rates of 0.04 to 0.13 C per day.  Also, temperature over Ladakh region is increasing 0.3 to 0.4 degrees Celsius per decades from the last 3 decades.
    2. Atmospheric aerosols play a key role in climate system through scattering and absorption of incoming solar radiation and by modifying cloud microphysics.
    3. Team analysed variability of aerosol optical, physical and radiative properties from January 2008 to December 2018 and role of fine and coarse particles in aerosol radiative forcing (ARF) assessment.
    4. Observations show that aerosol optical depth (AOD) exhibited a distinct seasonal variation with higher values (0.07) in May and lower (0.03) in winter months.
    5. Study can help better understand aerosol optical and microphysical properties and improve modelling of aerosol effects in view of aerosol-climate implications.
  41. Scientists from  Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences (CeNS) found out a low cost and efficient way to generate hydrogen from water using Molybdenum dioxide as a catalyst.
    1. Molybdenum dioxide (MoO2) nanomaterials annealed in hydrogen atmosphere can act as efficient catalysts to reduce energy input to bring about water splitting with great efficiency. Electrolytic splitting of water is a promising method to generate hydrogen but requires energy input that can be brought down in presence of a catalyst.
    2. Molybdenum dioxide can replace currently employed catalyst Pt, which is expensive and has limited resources.
    3. Need - Hydrogen is considered as future of clean and sustainable energy as it can be generated from water and produces water on energy generation without any carbon footprint.
  42. National Statistical Office (NSO) issued annual Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for [July 2018 – June 2019] -
    1. This is the second Annual Report being brought out by NSO on the basis of PLFS.
    2. India’s unemployment rate fell between July 2018 and June 2019 to 5.8% from 6.1% during same period of 2017-18 while economy grew 6.1% in 2018-19, slower than 7% in year before.
    3. labour force participation rate rose to 37.5% from 36.9%.
    4. Worker population ratio increased to 35.3% as against 34.7% in 2017-18,
    5. Urban unemployment reduced to 7.7% in 2018-19 from 7.8% and in rural India to 5% from 5.3%.
    6. Female participation rate improved in both urban and rural India, going up to 18.6% in 2018-19 from 17.5% in year before.
    7. Percentage of self-employed households in rural India declined from 52.2% to 51.7% in 2019. While in Urban India, self-employed households declined from 32.4% to 31.8%. Self-employed households that depend on agriculture has declined from 37.8% to 36.6%.
  43. Ministry of HRD, Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) jointly launched portal for The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP) - A program for providing internship opportunities to fresh graduates in all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and Smart Cities across country.
  44. India Attended virtual Global Vaccine Summit hosted by UK. India was represented by PM Narendra Modi. India pledged 15 Million US Dollars to Gavi, the international vaccine alliance. Summit was held to raise at least 7.4 billion USD of funds for GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance.
  45. India and Australia held their first ever Virtual bilateral summit. 7 Agreements were signed -
    1. Framework Arrangement on Cyber Enabled critical Technology.
    2. MoU on cooperation in processing of Critical and Strategic minerals.
    3. MoU on cooperation of training and vocational education
    4. MoU on understanding water resource management
    5. MoU in field of Governance Reforms and Public Administration
    6. MoU on cooperation in mining and processing of strategic minerals.
    7. Mutual Logistics Support Agreement was also signed, which will allow both countries to have access to each other’s military bases.
  46. Scientists from Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences Bengaluru (CeNS) synthesised a series of novel photo-sensitive cholesteric liquid crystals at room temperature for widest thermal range, which can be used to make optical storage devices such as optically rewritable boards, advertising boards etc. 
    1. Liquid crystals are widely used in devices such as computers, mobiles, TV screens, etc. If such cholesteric liquid crystals are made photo-sensitive, then these materials can be used for optical storage devices and other related applications.
    2. Team synthesised these novel photo-sensitive cholesteric liquid crystals for temperature range from -10oC to 160oC. Hence, devices made using these liquid crystals can be used in Syberia to Saudi Arabia where extreme temperatures were reported.
    3. This will help bring down cost of the devices with a simple yet powerful photoisomerisation concept.
  47. Researchers at University of Hawaii's Institute for Astronomy (US) unveiled magnetic field of solar corona, outermost atmosphere of the Sun which expands into interplanetary space.
    1. Charged particles radiating from surface of sun is called solar wind and expands to fills the solar system.
    2. Corona is most easily seen during a total solar eclipse – when the Moon is directly between Earth and Sun. Magnetic field lines of solar corona were recorded for over 14 eclipses that occurred in 2 decades.
    3. Study found that pattern of coronal magnetic field lines is highly structured, which is changing with time. During periods of minimum solar activity, corona's field emanated almost straight out of Sun near equator and poles. During solar maximum, coronal magnetic field was far less organized and more radial.
    4. Earlier, it was assumed that coronal magnetic field is radial beyond 2.5 solar radii. Study found that coronal magnetic field is non-radial to at least 4 solar radii.
  48. June 4 is observed as International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
  49. World Economic Forum will host its next summit in Davos under theme “The Great Reset”, in Jan 2021. The forum has named the summit as “A Unique Twin Summit”. It will be WEF's 51st Summit.
  50. China will set up a 1,124-megawatt Kohala hydropower project in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir despite India's objection to it, Under CPEC (China Pakista Economic Corridor).
    1. It will be built on Jhelum River and aims at annually providing over 5 billion units of clean and low-cost electricity to Pakistan.
  51. Supreme Court disposed off petition seeking its directions to Centre to amend Constitution and Rename Country as Bharat. The plea claimed that a change of name will help citizens to get over colonial past and instill a sense of pride in their nationality.
    1. SC directed petitioner to send copy of his writ petition as representation to concerned ministries which will decide representation appropriately.
  52. Biocon Founder Kiran Mazumdar Shaw has been named EY World Entrepreneur of the year 2020.
    1. Kiran is 2nd woman to win this award after Olivia Lum of Hyflux, Singapore.
    2. She is 3rd Indian to win the award after Uday Kotak of Kotak Mahindra in 2014 and Narayana Murthy of Infosys in 2005.
  53. June 5 - World Environment Day, designated by United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) in 1972. It was first celebrated in 1974. 
    1. 2020 Theme is Biodiversity and Time for Nature is campaign Name. It hosted in Colombia in partnership with Germany. India was host Nation in 2018.
    2. On this occasion -
      1. Government announced implementation of Nagar van, scheme to develop 200 Urban Forests across country in 5 years.
      2. R. K. Singh, Minister of State (IC) for Power and New & Renewable Energy, initiated the ‘#iCommit’ campaign, driven by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL). Its a call to all individuals to continue moving towards energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainability to create a robust and resilient energy system.
      3. PSU Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) in partnership with U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Market Integration and Transformation Program for Energy Efficiency (MAITREE) program, launched “Healthy and Energy Efficient Buildings” initiative that will pioneer ways to make workplaces healthier and greener.
    3. June 5 is also observed as International Day for the fight against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing, observed by UN Food and Agriculture Organization since 2018.
  54. Russia declared a state of emergency after a massive fuel spill in the Arctic Circle, with over 20000 tonnes of diesel leaked from a power plant in Norilsk into Ambarnaya River in Siberia.
  55. RBI has set up a Payment Infrastructure Development Fund (PIFD) of Rs. 500 Crores, to support development of the digital payments ecosystem in northeast and rural districts in India.
    1. Initial contribution of 250 crores has been made by RBI, while other half of fund is expected to be contributed by all card-issuing banks and network operators.
    2. It aims to encourage acquirers to deploy Points of Sale (PoS) infrastructure in both the digital and physical modes in tier-3 to tier-6 centers and northeastern states.
  56. Abu Dhabi (UAE) Based Mubadala Invested 9093 Crores INR in Reliance Jio Platforms, for 1.85 % Stake. Also, US Based Silver Lake Invested 5656 Crores INR in Jio Platforms, for 1.15 % Stake.
    1. These are 6th and 7th deal struck by Jio Since April 2020. Earlier -
      1. US Firm KKR  invested Approx 11367 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 2.32% stake.
      2. US Investor General Atlantic invested Approx 6600 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 1.34% stake. 
      3. US Based Vista Equity Partners invested 11367 crores into Reliance Jio Platforms for a 2.32 % stake.
      4. US Based Silver Lake partners  bought 1.15% stake in Reliance Industries subsidiary Jio Platforms, for Rs 5,656 crores ($750 million).
      5. Social Network Facebook invested INR 43574 crores in Jio Platforms, for 9.99% stake. It was Largest FDI in India's Tech Industry.
    2. Under concerned 7 deals, Jio has divested total 30.12 % Stake to 7 Firms, since April 2020.
  57. Asian Football Confederation confirmed that India will host 2022 Women’s Asian Cup, as first time India is hosting it since 1979.
  58. Indian writer Kritika Pandey honoured with Commonwealth Short Story Prize 2020 for Asia region, for her story The Great Indian Tee and Snakes. Other regional winners
    1. Africa - Nigerian writer Innocent Chizaram Ilo for When a Woman Renounces Motherhood
    2. Canada and Europe - British writer Reyah Martin for Wherever Mister Jensen Went
    3. Caribbean - Jamaican writer Brian S Heap for Mafootoo
    4. Pacific - Australian writer Andrea E Macleod for The Art of Waving
  59. Rajeev Topno has been appointed as Senior Advisor to Executive Director (ED) of World Bank (Aparna Subramaniam).
  60. Govt. appointed Brajendra Navnit as as India's new ambassador to World Trade Organization (WTO), replacing JS Deepak.
  61. Kerala Government project K-FON (Kerala Fibre Optic Network) will be implemented by December 2020, to link all houses / offices with optical fibre network. Cost is approx 1548 Crores.
    1. This will make Kerala 1st State To Provide Free Internet For The Poor, benefitting 20 Lakh Below Poverty Line (BPL) Families.
  62. Kotak Mahindra Bank MD & CEO Uday Kotak appointed as President of Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) for 2020-21, replacing Kirloskar Systems CMD Vikram Kirloskar.
  63. June 6 is observed as UN Russian Language Day, established by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2010. June 6 is also observed as World Pest Day or World Pest Awareness Day.
  64. As per Times Higher Education (THE) Asia Rankings -
    1. 8 Indian institutions ranked in top 100 list this year , with 6 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
    2. Indian Institutes are Indian Institute of Science (IISc), IIT Ropar, IIT Indore, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Roorkee and Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT).
    3. Top 3 - Tsinghua University (China), Peking University (China), National University of Singapore
    4. Indian Institute of Science (IISC) is top ranked Indian Institute, ranked 36th overall, followed by IIT Ropar (47).
  65. Uttar Pradesh Govt. introduced a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) Monitoring Mechanism to achieve efficient implementation of investment proposals by guiding interested investors and to track signed MoUs. State Govt will launch a new MoU tracking portal integrated with Nivesh Mitra, single window system.
  66. RBI Sponsered Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF) showed that Indian economy may contract by 1.5 % in FY21, and grow by 7.2 % in FY 22 (2021-22).
    1. Real gross value added (GVA) is expected to decline by 1.7 per cent this fiscal but record 6.8 per cent growth in 2021-22
    2. Real private final consumption expenditure (PFCE) is expected to decline by 0.5 % during 2020-21 but likely to record 6.9 per cent growth during 2021-22.
    3. Consumer price index (CPI) inflation is expected at 5.6 % in Q1 of 2020-21, but will moderate to 2.8 % by fourth quarter of 2020-21.
    4. RBI also released two other surveys –one on Consumer confidence and the other on Households' Inflation Expectations Survey.
      1. Consumer confidence has collapsed to historic low amid coronavirus pandemic"Consumer confidence collapsed in May 2020.
      2. Other Study found that households' median inflation perception and expectations increased sharply in May 2020.
  67. As per Forbes 100 world’s highest-paid celebrities 2020 -
    1. Bollywood actor Akshay Kumar ranks 52nd, with estimated earnings of USD 48.5 million. He is only Indian featured on the list.
    2. List is topped by American Actress Kylie Jenner, who earned USD 590 Million, followed by American rapper Kanye West(USD 170M).
    3. Youngest on list is 18 year old American musician Billie Eilish(43rd Rank, USD 53 Million).
    4. Oldest on list is 77 years old Musician Paul McCartney (91th rank, USD 37 M).
  68. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) rearranged Commodity derivatives advisory committee and appointed Ashok Dalwani of the 17-member committee.
    1. It examines issues related to contract design and new products in segment and recommends required risk management system and regulatory framework of commodity derivatives and governance of commodities derivatives exchange.
  69. Facebook will acquire 9.9 % stake in Jio Platforms announced in April 2020, via a new entity titled Jaadhu Holdings LLC.
    1. Facebook had announced an investment of $ 5.7 billion (Rs 43,574 crore) in Jio Platforms.
    2. Jaadhu Holdings LLC is an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Facebook, incorporated in March 2020 under laws of State of Delaware (US).
  70. Mastercard, Axis Bank and Worldline India partnered to launch a digital point-of-sale(POS) solution ‘Soft POS’, the 1st financial payments service in India to transform everyday smartphones into merchant POS terminals.
  71. New Book Dry Fasting Miracle: From Deprive to Thrive, written by Luke Coutinho and co-authored by member of UAE’s Ajman royal Family, Sheikh Abdulaziz Bin Ali Bin Rashid Al Nuaimi, has been released.
  72. South African National Space Agency(SANSA) has partnered with US's National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA) to host a deep-space ground station to support human spaceflight missions to Moon, Mars and beyond.
    1. South Africa became the 4th country(4th site) after US, Spain and Australia to host a deep space ground station.
  73. Researchers from Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) discovered a 1100-year-old monolithic sandstone Shiva linga, at Cham Temple Complex located in My Son Sanctuary of Quang Nam Province, Vietnam. It was Built by the kingdom of Champa, between 4th to 13th century.
  74. June 7 is observed as World World Food Safety Day, with 2020 theme - ‘Food Safety, everyone’s business’. It was First Observed in 2019., facilitated by World Health Organisation (WHO) in collaboration with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations (UN).
    1. As per 2nd State Food safety index report released on this occasion -
      1. Gujarat topped among larger States, followed by Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
      2. Chandigarh tops among UTs, followed by Delhi and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
      3. Goa leads smaller States, Manipur and Meghalaya.
  75. As per Govt, Adjusted Gross Direct Tax Collection for FY 2019-20 saw 8.03 % Growth, with 14.02 Lakh Crores collection as compared to 12.98 Lakh Crores in 2018-19.
    1. However, 1.68 Lakh Crores of revenue (1.45 Lakh Crores Corporate Tax and .23 Lakh Crores Income Tax) was foregone due to tax reforms, making Actual Gross Direct Tax Collection for FY 2019-20 become 12.34 Lakh Crores.
    2. Reforms Included -
      1. Reduction in corporate tax rate for all existing domestic companies , through the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2019 which provided a concessional tax regime of 22% for all existing domestic companies from FY 2019-20 if they do not avail any specified exemption or incentive. Such companies were also exempted from Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT).
      2. Incentive for new manufacturing domestic companies - Ordinance reduced tax rate to 15% for new manufacturing domestic company if such company does not avail any specified exemption or incentive, also exempted from of Minimum Alternate Tax
      3. Reduction in MAT rate - To provide relief to companies which continue to avail exemption and pay tax under MAT, rate of MAT was reduced from 18.5% to 15%.
      4. Exemption from income-tax to individuals earning income up to Rs. 5 lakh and increase in standard deduction 40000 to 50000.
  76. Scientists at Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology Guwahati (IASST) developed an artificial intelligence (AI) based algorithm, for rapid diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma.
    1. 4 candidate pre-trained models, namely Alexnet, VGG-16, VGG-19, and Resnet-50, were chosen to find the most suitable model for the classification problem, and a proposed convolutional neural network (CNN) model developed to fit the problem.
    2. Although the highest classification accuracy of 92.15% was achieved by the Resnet-50 model, the experimental findings highlight that the proposed CNN model outperformed the transfer learning approaches displaying accuracy of 97.5%.
    3. Around 16.1% of all cancers amongst men and 10.4% amongst women are oral cancer, and the picture is all the more alarming in NE India.
  77. Scientists at International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) developed a rare-earth-based magnetocaloric material that can be effectively used for cancer treatment.
    1. Magnetic hyperthermia tries to address issues of side effects of cancer treatment like chemotherapy. In it, magnetic nanoparticles are subjected to alternating magnetic fields of few Gauss, which produces heat. Temperature required to kill tumor cells is between 40 - 45°C. However, magnetic hyperthermia lacks control of temperature, which may damage healthy cells.
    2. These problems can be avoided by using magnetocaloric materials, as it can provide controlled heating.
  78. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) and Breathe Applied Sciences, a company incubated at JNCASR for transfer of technology based on lab-scale research on reducing CO2 to methanol and other useful chemicals and fuels.
    1. In pilot mode, the current capacity of CO2 conversion is 300 kg per day, which can be scaled upto 500 tons in an industrial scale, within a year.
  79. Researchers from IIT Madras and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru have identified a specific microRNA (miRNAs) called ‘miR-155’ that is over-expressed in tongue cancer.
    1. This finding is important in that molecular strategies can potentially be devised to manipulate miR-155 expression to develop therapeutics for tongue cancer.
    2. The main function of miRNA is to silence the expression of the other genes. If the silence oncogenes then the cancer will be suppressed. On the other hand, if they suppress tumour suppressor gene, the cancer will progress.
    3. Accordingly, miRNA can act as oncogenes or tumour suppressor genes depending on what they act upon.
  80. MoU has been signed between CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology Palampur (Himachal Pradesh) and Government of Himachal Pradesh for Promoting livelihood promotion and rural development. It will promote Farming of saffron and heeng, as these spices are widely used in India and still major dependence is on imports.
  81. India and Denmark signed MoU for developing long-term co-operation in power sector. For implementation of identified areas, a Joint Working Group (JWG) will be established.
  82. Indian Air Force inducted an Airborne Rescue Pod for Isolated Transportation (ARPIT), to be utilised for evacuation of critical patients with infectious diseases including COVID-19 from high altitude area, isolated and remote places.
  83. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways mandated a strip of green colour of 1 cm width on top of existing sticker carrying details of registration for BS-VI vehicles of any fuel type. Currently, petrol / CNG Vehicles have a light blue colour sticker and diesel has orange colour.
  84. Government will provide facility of SMS filing of NIL statement of FORM GSTR-1 from July 2020.
    1. GST taxpayers with NIL outward supplies would not be required to log on to the GST Portal and would be able to file their NIL statement in FORM GSTR-1 through an SMS.
    2. Facility to file NIL monthly GSTR-3B return through SMS has already been made available since June 08, 2020.
  85. World Bank Global Economic Prospects (June 2020) -
    1. India -
      1. GDP growth rate of India in FY 21 (2020-21) will be -3.2 %, down from from 4.2% in FY 20 (2019-20). Growth of India will raise to 3.1% in FY 22 (2021-22).
      2. In Jan 2020 GEP Update, India was expected to Grow at 5.8 % in FY 20 (2019-20), and 6.1 % in both FY 21 (2020-21) and FY 22 (2021-22).
    2. Global-
      1. Around 60 million people may be pushed to extreme poverty due to COVID-19 this year.
      2. World Economy is expected to shrink by 5.2 in FY 21 (2020-21). It is expected to grow by 4.2 % In next Year (FY 22 (2021-22)). Global Economy is going into deepest recession since Second World War.
      3. Advanced economies (US, Euro Area and Japan) are to shrink by 7 % in FY 21 (2020-21). Emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs) are to shrink by 2.5 percent in FY 21 (2020-21). South Asia is to shrink by 2.7 % in 2020-21.
      4. China is expected grow at 1% in FY 21 (2020-21).
  86. ISRO signed agreement with Nanital Based Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) for cooperation in the field of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) and Astrophysics.
  87. Uttarakhand Governor Baby Rani Maurya declared Gairsain as new summer capital for state. Dehradun is winter capital of the state.
    1. Gairsain was suggested as it was falling on border of Kumaon and Garhwal regions, located in the Chamoli district.
  88. Andhra Pradesh CM Jagan Mohan Reddy launched the first online waste exchange programme, for safe disposal of toxic wastes and promote recycling and reuse of toxic wastes.
    1. The platform is to track, audit, scrutinize the waste and encourage proper utilization of the waste, complying principles of 6Rs namely Reuse, Recycle, Reduce, Redesign, Refurbish and Remanufacture.
  89. Government has allocated Rs 1,01,500 crores under MGNREGA programme in year 2020-21 so far, as highest provision of funds allocated for the scheme since its launch.
  90. India will soon set up a Coal Exchange trading platform, to enable entire coal mined in country to be traded on a common platform called “Coal Exchange”. It will pave way for multiple buyers and sellers in coal sector.
  91. Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Jitendra Singh inaugurated 18th Bench of Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) for UTs of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
    1. Over 800 Central laws, which were not applicable to Jammu and Kashmir have been made applicable since the abolition of Article 370 and 35A on 5th August, 2019.
  92. June 8 - World Oceans Day. 2020 theme is ‘Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean’. June 8 is also observed as World Brain Tumor Day.
  93. Yale University biennial Environment Performance Index 2020 (180 countries) -
    1. India ranked 168th, better than 177th rank in 2018. India ranked 168th Jointly with Ghana. All South Asian countries were ahead of India except Afghanistan.
    2. Top 5 - Denmark (1), Luxembourg (2), Switzerland (3), United Kingdom (4), France (5)
    3. Bottom 3 - Liberia (180), Myanmar (179), Afghanistan (178)
    4. Neighbors - China (120), Sri lanka (109), Pakistan (142), Bangladesh (162), Nepal (145)
  94. Government modified public procurement norms, to give maximum preference to those goods and services that have 50% or more local content. The recently issued Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2017 introduced Class-I, Class-II and non-local suppliers.
    1. Goods and service company that has domestic value addition of 50% and more have been classified under Class I, and are given most preference in Govt tenders. Class II have 20% and 50% range and class III less than 20% of domestic content in products.
  95. Lyricist Javed Akhtar become first Indian to receive Richard Dawkins award, presented by NGO Atheist Alliance of America.
    1. Richard Dawkins is an ethologist, author and an evolutionary biologist. The Atheist Alliance International is a non-profit organization that creates awareness and educates public about atheism.
  96. 8 democracies launched Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China, as an international cross-party group of legislators that are working towards reforms on democratic countries approach towards China. Alliance was formed by Japan, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, Lithuania, Norway, Netherlands and USA.
  97. Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) released State of India’s Environment 2020 report. CSE also publishes environment magazine called Down to Earth.
    1. Around 19 major events have claimed over 1300 lives in 2019 and caused over 50 lakh internal displacements. This is highest in world.
    2. State wise ranking was also made on water resources management and environment, with National average as 5.16 on 10. Punjab alone had a score greater than that of the national average (5.2).
    3. Report observed that India’s ranking in terms of Sustainable Development Goals has slipped to 114 in 2019 as compared to 115 in 2018.
  98. Pakistan witnessed highest inflation in the world during fiscal year 2020 (2019-20), as per statement by State Bank of Pakistan (SBP).
    1. Pakistan witnessed 12-year high inflation at 14.6 percent in January 2020.
    2. SBP increased interest rates to 13.25 % in response to rising prices. SBP was however forced to cut down interest rates to 5.25 % in just three months, after economic crisis brought by COVID-19 pandemic reduced demand, thus, lowering inflation.
  99. UAE Based Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) acquired 1.16% stake in Reliance Jio platforms, through investment of 5,683.50 crores.
    1. This is 8th Stake Deal in Reliance Jio Since April 2020. Earlier Deals -
      1. Abu Dhabi (UAE) Based Mubadala Invested 9093 Crores INR in Reliance Jio Platforms, for 1.85 % Stake.
      2. US Based Silver Lake Invested 5656 Crores INR in Jio Platforms, for 1.15 % Stake.
      3. US Firm KKR  invested Approx 11367 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 2.32% stake.
      4. US Investor General Atlantic invested Approx 6600 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 1.34% stake. 
      5. US Based Vista Equity Partners invested 11367 crores into Reliance Jio Platforms for a 2.32 % stake.
      6. US Based Silver Lake partners  bought 1.15% stake in Reliance Industries subsidiary Jio Platforms, for Rs 5,656 crores ($750 million).
      7. Social Network Facebook invested INR 43574 crores in Jio Platforms, for 9.99% stake. It was Largest FDI in India's Tech Industry.
    2. Under concerned 8 deals, Jio has divested total 31.28 % Stake to 8 Firms, since April 2020.
  100. NASA and Italian Space Agency Research state that Saturn’s moon Titan has been moving away from its host planet hundred times faster than previously understood, at rate of about 4 inches (11 centimeters) every year.
    1. Moon starts drifting away from its host planet because as a moon orbits, its gravity pulls on a planet which causes a temporary bulge in planet as it passes. With time, energy created by subsiding and bulging, transfers from planet to moon and nudging it farther out.
    2. Our own moon drifts 1.5 inches (3.8 centimeters) from the Earth each year.
    3. While scientists have known that Saturn was formed 4.6 billion years ago, there has been more of an uncertainty about planet’s rings and when its system of more than 80 moons was formed.
    4. Titan is currently 1.2 million kilometers from Saturn. Revised drift Data has suggested that moon started out much closer to Saturn, meaning that whole system expanded more quickly than previously believed.
  101. Adani Green Energy Ltd won world's largest solar bid, to build a photovoltaic (PV) power plant of 8,000 MW and setting up a domestic solar panel manufacturing capacity of 2,000 MW with a total investment of roughly $6 billion.
    1. Azure Power Global Limited also won a bid to build a PV project of 4,000 MW and solar kit manufacturing capacity of 1,000 MW under offering of domestic manufacturing-linked solar power projects from state-run renewable energy agency SECI.
    2. SECI approved project bids at a tariff of Rs 2.92 per unit.
  102. SEBI approved regulatory sandbox framework for stock market ecosystem, to enable live testing new financial technology solutions on customers, without having to be fully licensed, but under strict regulatory supervision.
  103. Madhya Pradesh Govt started Street Vendor Registration Portal http://www.mpurban.gov.in and Mukhyamantri Shahri Path Vyavsayi Utthan Yojana. Under it small businessmen / vendors will be given Rs 10,000 in the form of working capital.
  104. Madhya Pradesh emerged top state in wheat procurement on support prices. State government purchased over 1.27 crore tonnes from farmers, almost 33 % of total wheat procured in country.
  105. Odisha Govt adopted Bande Utklala Janani or Glory to mother Utkala as anthem of Odisha. It was written by Kantakabi Laxmikanta Mohapatra in 1912.
  106. Raj Kaushal Portal and Online Shramik Employment Exchange launched by Rajasthan Goverment, developed by Rajasthan Skill & Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC). Raj Kaushal Portal aims to improve availability of opportunities for migrated workers.
  107. IT Firm Tech Mahindra signed joint declaration with UN Global Compact urging governments to align their COVID-19 recovery efforts with latest climate science.
    1. The company adopted low emission technology path to increase use of renewable energy from 1.7% in 2016 to 18% in 2020, targeted to be 50% by 2025.
  108. Tamil Nadu girl M Nethra has been appointed as ‘Goodwill Ambassador for the Poor’ by the United Nations Association for Development and Peace (UNADAP).
  109. Karnataka Govt launched Meghasandesha App & Varunamitra web portal to provide real-time information and alerts on weather, rainfall, flooding in Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike(BBMP) jurisdiction.
  110. To support multiple projects in India, US International Development Finance Corporation (USIDFC) will invest 350 million USD in Various sectors. USIDFC has approved $1 billion of investments for advance development in other countries across the globe.
  111. SBI created a separate Financial Inclusion and Micro Market (FI&MM) vertical within bank, with exclusive focus to provide financial services to people in interior of country. It will be headed by deputy managing director (DMD) Sanjeev Nautiyal.
  112. GMR Hyderabad International Airport received highest Platinum Recognition in Airports Council International (ACI) Asia-Pacific Green Airports Recognition 2020, in 15-35 Million Passengers Per Annum (MPPA) category.
  113. June 9 is observed as World Accreditation Day. 2020 Theme is Accreditation: Improving Food Safety.
    1. June 9 is also observed as Coral Triangle Day, to raise awareness of ocean conservation and protection, especially on Coral Triangle, which are world's epicenter of marine biodiversity.
  114. AarogyaPath has been launched by CSIR as as National Healthcare Supply Chain Portal that aims to provide real-time availability of critical healthcare supplies, a URL https://www.aarogyapath.in. It can be helpful to customers in tackling a number of routinely experienced issues.
  115. Population of Asiatic Lion, living in Gujarat’s Gir Forest has reportedly increased 29%, with Geographically distribution area up by 36%.
  116. HRD Ministry released India Rankings 2020 of Institutions of Higher Education in various categories (5th Edition) -
    1. In 2020, Dental category has been introduced for the first time bringing the total tally to 10 categories.
    2. Overall -
      1. IIT Madras
      2. IISC Bengaluru
      3. IIT Delhi
      4. IIT Bombay
      5. IIT Kharagpur
    3. University -
      1. IISC Bengaluru
      2. JNU New Delhi
      3. BHU Varanasi
      4. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Coimbatore
      5. Jadavpur University Kolkata
    4. Engineering
      1. IIT Madras
      2. IIT Delhi
      3. IIT Bombay
      4. IIT Kanpur
      5. IIT Kharagpur
    5. Management -
      1. IIM Ahmedabad
      2. IIM Bangalore
      3. IIM Calcutta
      4. IIM Lucknow
      5. IIT Kharagpur
    6. Colleges -
      1. Miranda House Delhi
      2. Lady Shri Ram College for Women New Delhi
      3. Hindu College Delhi
    7. Pharmacy -
      1. Jamia Hamdard New Delhi
      2. Panjab University Chandigarh
      3. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Mohali
    8. Medical -
      1. AIIMS New Delhi
      2. PGIMER Chandigarh
      3. Christian Medical College Vellore
    9. Architecture
      1. IIT Kharagpur
      2. IIT Roorkee
      3. National Institute of Technology Calicut
    10. Law -
      1. National Law School of India University Bengaluru
      2. National Law University New Delhi
      3. Nalsar University of Law Hyderabad
    11. Dental -
      1. Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences Delhi
      2. Manipal College of Dental Sciences Udupi
      3. Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
  117. Government increased import duty on bamboo sticks from 10% to 25%, to boost domestic industry.
    1. It is significant as heavy import of bamboo sticks from China and Vietnam caused huge employment loss in India.
    2. At present, consumption of incense sticks (Agrabatti) is 1490 tons per day but only 760 tons per day is locally produced.
  118. Indian Railways created world benchmark by commissioning 1st high rise Over Head Equipment (OHE), which has contact wire height of 7.57 metre and successfully run double stack containers in electrified territory on Western Railway.
    1. Operations commenced on 10 June 2020, from Gujarat’s Palanpur and Botad railway stations.
    2. Indian Railways has thus became first Railway to run Double Stack Container train with high reach pantograph in high rise OHE territory.
  119. 2020 Nature Index Rankings by Nature Research -
    1. Global Top 5 -
      1. Chinese Academy of Sciences (China), Ranked at top since inception of this index in 2016.
      2. Harvard University (US)
      3. Max Planck Society (Germany)
      4. French National Centre for Scientific Research (France)
      5. Stanford University (US)
    2. India Top 5 -
      1. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) (Global Rank 160)
      2. IISC Bengaluru (Global Rank 184)
      3. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) (Global Rank 260)
      4. Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI) (Global Rank 273)
      5. IIT Bombay (Global Rank 307)
  120. Department of Science & Technology constituted a joint Science Communication Forum with a view to facilitate interaction, cooperation, and coordination amongst various public sector science communication institutions and agencies.
    1. Forum would be served by a Secretariat at the National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC), Department of Science & Technology.
  121. Emphasizing importance of local for vocal Campaign Under Atmanirbhar Bharat Mission, Sahakar Mitra : Scheme on Internship Programme (SIP) has been launched by Minister for Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar.
    1. Scheme will provide young professionals an opportunity of practical exposure and learning from the working of NCDC
      ( National Cooperative Development Corporation) and cooperatives as a paid intern.
    2. Sahakar Mitra would also provide an opportunity to professionalsfrom academic institutions to develop leadership and entrepreneurial roles through cooperatives as Farmers Producers Organizations (FPO).
  122. PSU National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) became ‘Fully Digital’, with launch of unique cloud based and Artificial Intelligence powered Big Data Analytics platform – Data Lake and Project Management Software.
    1. Entire project management work flow of NHAI is transformed from manual to online portal based, making NHAI first construction sector organisation to go fully Digital.
  123. Ministry of Shipping approved Revised Cost estimate of 124 crores for augmenting Ship Repair facilities in Andaman & Nicobar Islands, up-from 96 Crores earlier. Existing dock length will be extended by 90 meters.
  124. 40th GST Council meet under Chairmanship of Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Nirmala Sitharaman -
    1. Recommendations on Law & Procedures changes Include
      1. Reduction in Late Fee for past Returns (Max upto 500 per return)
      2. Further relief for small taxpayers for late filing of returns for February - June 2020 Tax periods
      3. One time extension in period for seeking revocation of cancellation of registration.
  125. General Conferences (June 1 - 10, 2020)
    1. Jharkhand Govt approved Border Roads Organization (BRO) to recruit over 11,800 workers from the state for critical projects. Jharkhand signed first-of-its-kind memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the BRO for ensuring welfare of workers in all recruitments in future.
    2. iFLOWS (Integrated Flood Warning System) launched in Mumbai, which can provide flood warnings 6 to 72 hours in advance.
    3. Under Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project(KLIP), last and vital Markbook pump house has been inaugurated by Telangana CM K Chandrasekhar Rao.
      1. Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project is a multi-purpose irrigation project on Godavari River in Telangana. Currently, it is world's largest multi-stage lift irrigation project.
    4. Manipur CM N. Biren Singh has inaugurated Plant Health Clinic at Directorate of Horticulture and Soil Conservation in Imphal, to boost economic growth through agriculture and horticulture.
    5. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) has released an e-booklet called ‘One Year of Modi 2.0 – Towards A Self-Reliant India’.
    6. To make e-learning more constructive, NCERT and Rotary India digitally signed MoU for e-learning content telecast for class 1-12 over all NCERT TV channels.
    7. Chhattisgarh Police launched a special campaign titled “spandan” to check mental stress and depression among their personnel.
    8. Road Transport & Highways and MSME Minister Nitin Gadkari launched UNDP and MoRTH national awareness campaign on ‘Prevention of Human and Animal Mortality on Highways’.
    9. Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) launched its flagship programme “Turant Customs”, as a mega reform for the ease of doing business.
    10. Huge petroleum gas and oil leak happened in Oil India Limited's Baghjan Oilfield operated by John Energy Pvt Ltd in Tinsukia district, Assam. It occurred due to failing pressure systems in the oil well.
    11. PM Modi launched My Life My Yoga video blogging contest, to be conducted as a joint effort of Ministry of AYUSH and ICMR (Indian Council of Cultural Research). It is launched to inspire people to participate in the sixth International Day of Yoga (IDY) that is to be celebrated in 21st June, 2020.
    12. India Attended Spic Macay's (Society for Promotion of Indian Classical Music And Culture Amongst Youth) International Convention via video conference.
    13. CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) announced to classify railway stations based on quantity of waste water generated by them and also disposal of untreated water.
    14. 3rd India-ASEAN Youth Dialogue held in virtual mode.
    15. Haryana Government will construct 1,000 water recharge bores in water deficient areas of state, to recharge the underground water with rainfall. State Government will bear 90% of cost, with remaining 10% to be borne by farmers.
    16. Rajasthan Police arrested two civil defence employees on Military Intelligence inputs, for passing sensitive information to Pakistan spy agency ISI, under Operation Desert Chase. The men were arrested under Official Secrets Act, 1923.
    17. Uttarakhand opened biodiversity park in Haldwani, amid rich botanical heritage of state facing threats from climate change.
    18. Delhi Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal formed an Expert Advisory Committee to advise the Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA), to address challenges faced in Delhi and also ramp up medical infrastructure.
    19. Amazon announced one-year ban on allowing law enforcement agancies to use its controversial Rekognition facial recognition platform.
  126. Andhra Pradesh CM Jagan Mohan Reddy launched Jagananna Chedodu scheme, to provide financial assistance of 10000 to barbers, tailors and washer men.
  127. 3rd phase of Saurashtra Narmada Avtaran Irrigation (SAUNI) scheme launched by Gujarat CM Vijay Rupani. Scheme is to fill 115 dams with Narmada water.
    1. First phase was launched in 2016 by PM Modi at Aji-3 dam. 2nd phase included 541 km of pipeline works to fill 57 reservoirs by August 2020.
    2. 3rd phase includes 42 dam reservoirs that are to be filled through 457 km of pipelines and is estimated to be completed by March 2021.
    3. Sauni Yojana was launched to divert the excess over flowing flood waters of Narmada that were allocated to Saurashtra region.
  128. Himachal Pradesh Govt launched Panchvati Yojana for senior citizens in rural areas. Around 100 parks are to be developed under the scheme.
    1. It aims to help senior citizens spend their leisure time in these gardens and parks.
  129. Indian American soil scientist Rattan Lal won World Food Prize for mainstreaming and developing soil centric approach in order to increase food production. Dr Lal will receive 250,000 USD of prize money.
  130. RBI constituted an internal working group headed by RBI Executive Director P K Mohanty, to review guidelines of ownership of private sector banks. It will examine regulations to hold financial subsidiaries through non-operative financial holding company.
  131. Astronaut and Oceanographer Kathy Sullivan reached deepest point in ocean, Challenger Deep. With this she has become the first woman to reach the deepest point in the earth.
    1. She is first person in world to walk in space and also reach the deepest point on the earth.
    2. Challenger Deep is deepest point in Earth’s sea bed, at depth of 10,902 metres. It is named after the British Royal Navy survey Ship HMS Challenger that recorded its depth for the first time.
    3. Also, China's unmanned submersible Haidou-1 dived to a depth of 10907 metres at world's deepest ocean point, setting a new record for country during which samples from the deep sea and high-definition images of geological environment were collected.
  132. Termed as Asian Nobel Prize, Ramon Magsaysay awards have been cancelled this year due to coronavirus pandemic, marking third disruption in six decades for annual prize.
    1. These awards are established to perpetuate former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay's example of integrity in governance, courageous service to the people.
  133. According to Mercer’s 2020 Cost of Living Survey -
    1. Mumbai is India's costliest, Globally 60th and 19th most expensive city in Asia. Other Indian cities - New Delhi (101st), Chennai (143rd), Bengaluru (171) and Kolkata (185).
    2. Global Top 5 -
      1. Hong Kong
      2. Ashgabat (Turkmenistan)
      3. Tokyo (Japan)
      4. Zurich (Switzerland)
      5. Singapore
  134. Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) Complex inaugurated at Eastern Naval Command (ENC) in Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), designed to accommodate the newly inducted submarine rescue system and store the DSRV assets in rescue-ready state.
  135. US released International Religious Freedom Report 2019.
    1. India has raised its concerns over the report, as report alleged India with discrimination and attacks against religious minorities.
    2. Report also raised concerns over scrapping of special status of Jammu and Kashmir. It also criticized Citizenship Amendment Act saying the act is a fast track to provide citizenship to non-Muslims from Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  136. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change issued advisory to import of Exotic Live Species.
    1. Exotic Live Species are plant or animal species that move from the original range to a new one.
    2. Ministry said that Exotic Live Species are to be construed to mean only under Appendices I, II and III of CITES (Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species).
    3. Species under Appendix I of CITES - no trade happens. Species under Appendix II - trade shall be allowed only with minor permission. Appendix III - large number of birds and animals that are listed that can be traded.
  137. Bharatmala Pariyojana that was scheduled to be completed in 2021-22, will be completed by 2025-26, as announced by rating agency ICRA.
    1. Prevailing COVID-19 crisis could delay the asset monetization plan of National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).
    2. Bharatmala Pariyojana was launched for road construction in India. It gives special importance to projects connecting far-flung areas and rural areas. The scheme will build 4-lane highways, move 80% freight traffic, interconnect logistics parks. It will also connect 7 north east Multi-Nodal Waterway ports.
  138. RBI released draft framework for Sale of Loan Exposures and Securitization of Standard Assets, applicable to Scheduled Commercial Banks.
    1. Guidelines have included recommendations of Committee on Development of Housing Finance Securitization Market, that was chaired by Dr Harsh Vardhan and recommendations by Task Force set up on Development of Secondary Market for Corporate Loans, headed by T N Manoharan.
    2. Guidelines proposed Two Capital Measurement approach. This includes Securitisation External Ratings based approach and Securitisation Standardised Approach.
  139. Government allocated 4000 crores to State Governments under under ‘Per Drop More Crop’ component of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY- PDMC) for 2020-21.
    1. PMKSY-PDMC envisages to enhance water use efficiency at farm level with the application of Micro Irrigation technologies.
    2. To expand Micro Irrigation, a Micro Irrigation Fund corpus of Rs 5000 crore has also been created with National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
  140. Government extended its flagship programme, Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (Ayushman Bharat) to migrant workers. It will help migrant workers that have lost their jobs and livelihood due to COVID-19.
  141. International Labour Organization and UNICEF released report on Child Labour Titled COVID-19 and Child Labour: A Time of Crisis, A Time to Act. Report predicts that 1% increase in poverty will lead to 0.7% increase in child labour.
  142. Government of Jammu and Kashmir launched Poultry Policy 2020, to promote establishment of poultry units.
    1. UT Government announced 50 crores of subsidy per annum to establish broiler farms and its allied activities.
    2. It aims to save 900 crores annually spent on importing poultry and its products outside the territory.
    3. Commercial farms that hold rearing capacity of rearing more than 10,000 birds per unit are to be provided with incentive 30% of capital investment. The upper limit fixed to such incentives is Rs 50 lakhs.
  143. As per Brazil's National Institute of Space Research (INPE), increase in deforestation of Amazon forests has been the highest in 2019 as compared to last 5 years. Deforestation increased by 91 square kilo metre in 2019 as compared to 2018.
    1. Deforestation increased after President Jair Bolsonaro took office in 2019, who suggests mining and farming in protected areas of Amazon forest were only ways to lift region out of poverty. His environmental policies have been widely condemned globally.
  144. June 11 is observed as Green Mizoram Day in Mizoram State.
  145. June 12 - World Day against Child Labour. 2020 theme is Covid-19: Protect Children from Child Labour, now more than ever. It was established by International Labour Organization (ILO) in 2002.
  146. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) partnered with Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) to provide its training partners access to the TCS iON Digital Glass Room, to enable NSDC in moving classroom vocational skills training to online mode for students across country.
  147. Hyderabad Police and Hyderabad City Security Council launched a programme called She Triumphs through Respect, Equality, and Empowerment (STREE), to support and empower women victims of domestic violence and abuse.
  148. Évariste Ndayishimiye has been appointed as President of Burundi (East Africa). He replaced Pierre Nkurunziza who died recently.
  149. Indian Aerospace entrepreneur Renjith Kumar has been honoured with Distinguished Service Medal by NASA.
    1. He is CEO Emeritus of the Virginia based Analytical Mechanics Associates(AMA).
    2. RK Chetty Pandipati was the First Indian to win this honour, in 2002.
  150. World Bank Approved INR 1950 crores loans to West Bengal Government for tackling COVID situation and developmental work.
  151. Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) delivered ICGS Kanaklata Barua, the fifth and last boat in series of Fast Patrol Vessels (FPV) for Indian Coast Guard.
  152. Rating agency S&P kept India’s sovereign rating at BBB-, along with stable outlook.
    1. S&P also Predicted India's GDP Growth to be -5% in FY 21 (2020-21) (5 % Contraction), due to COVID-19 Situation.
  153. Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) reconstituted a new committee for the welfare of the freedom fighters, chaired by minister of state for home affairs G Kishan Reddy.
  154. Persons Resigned / Retired (June 2020) -
    1. Former world champion Ukranian boxer Oleksandr Gvozdyk announced his retirement.
    2. Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, Mukhammedkalyi Abylgaziev resigned from his post,amid ongoing criminal investigation into assignment of national radio frequencies.
    3. Noted Wrestling legend and WWE whiz The Undertaker announced his retirement. His real name is Mark Calaway.
    4. New Zealand Female Cricketer Rachel Priest announced her retirement from International Cricket.
  155. Indian Musician & founder of Kalakruthi music organisation in Australia, Shobha Sekhar has been conferred Medal of the Order of Australia, for her service to the community and the country.
  156. Cloud-based payment solutions provider Empays Payment Systems India partnered with Mastercard to launch contactless ATM solution in India, amid COVID-19 pandemic.
  157. QS World University Rankings’ 2021 -
    1. About India -
      1. IIT Bombay named best-ranked Indian institute, with 172nd position Globally (Down from 152nd last year). There are 12 educational institutions from India which featured in top 1000 (Down from 23 last year).
      2. Top 5 Indian Institutes -
        1. IIT Bombay (172nd)
        2. Indian Institute of Science (185th)
        3. IIT Delhi (193rd)
        4. IIT Madras (275th)
        5. IIT Kharagpur (314th)
    2. Global Top 5 -
      1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA), At top for 9th consecutive year.
      2. Stanford University (USA)
      3. Harvard University (USA)
      4. California Institute of Technology (USA)
      5. University of Oxford (UK)
    3. Top 3 Asian Universities -
      1. National University of Singapore (Singapore), ranked 11th.
      2. Nanyang Technological University (Singapore), ranked 13th.
      3. Tsinghua University (China), ranked 15th.
      4. University of Hong Kong, Ranked 22nd.
      5. Peking University (China), ranked 23rd.
  158. June 13 is observed as International Albinism Awareness Day (IAAD). 2020 Theme is Made to Shine.
  159. As per Global Trade Update 2020 by United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) -
    1. Value of international trade in goods fell by 5% in first quarter (Q1) of 2020 and expected to plunge further by 27% in ongoing second quarter (Q2) due to COVID-19. There will be 20% annual decline in 2020.
    2. Trade in industries such as automotive (-50%) and energy (-40%) witnessed sharp contraction in April 2020, while global trade in agri-food sector has been least volatile (grew by about 2%) in Q1 of 2020.
  160. Author Shobhaa De’s new collection of stories titled Lockdown Liaisons has been released.
  161. A Committee has been formed by Petroleum Ministry to inquire disaster at Oil India well in Assam, headed by Director General of Hydrocarbons SCL Das.
  162. RBI barred Kanpur-based People's Co-operative Bank from granting fresh loans and accepting deposits for 6 months, due to its weak financial position.
  163. Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Ltd (IFFCO) signed MoU with Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) for joint research, testing and validation of different products through ICAR institutes and Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs).
  164. Maharashtra renamed its Environment Ministry as Environment and Climate Change Ministry, to help the department to play an active role in climate change mitigation.
  165. To protect cows and prevent their slaughter, Uttar Pradesh government approved a draft ordinance titled  Cow Slaughter Prevention (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020, by amending Uttar Pradesh cow slaughter act 1955.
    1. Proposed law provides a maximum imprisonment of 10 years and a fine up to Rs 5 lakh.
    2. In case of illegal transportation of cows and other bovines, the driver, operator and the owner of the vehicle shall be charged. The Expenditure on maintenance of captured cows will be recovered from owner of vehicle for up to 1 year.
  166. Point of Sale solution provider in India, ePaisa entered into a partnership with First Alliance Bank Ltd in Zambia (Africa), to provide mobile point of sale (mPOS) solution to small and medium enterprises and other businesses.
  167. Bharti Airtel subsidiary Bharti International (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. acquired additional 6.3% stake in Robi Axiata Limited, Bangladesh from Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT)'s Do Communications over Mobile network (Docomo) Inc. It will raise BISPL’s stake in Robi Axiata to 31.3% from 25%.
  168. Recykal, a digital technology company in the waste management space collaborated with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages Pvt Ltd (HCCB) for Project Prithvi, a joint initiative for developing sustainable plastic waste management practices in the country.
    1. Recykal will leverage its cloud applications, mobile applications to raise consumer awareness on segregation and recycling.
  169. Researchers discovered a new planet named KOI-456.04 & its host star called Kepler-160 by using Kepler Space Telescope, described as “mirror image” of earth and sun.
    1. Exoplanet KOI-456.04, which is less than twice the size of Earth, orbits its star located some 3,000 light-years away from us and it takes approximately 378 days to complete one orbit.
  170. Govt will increase coverage of Van Dhan scheme from 18,000 SHGs to 50,000 SHGs, covering 10 lakh tribal gatherers,through Van Dhan Start-up programme. Under Van Dhan Scheme, so far 1205 Tribal enterprises have been established, to provide employment opportunities to 3.6 lakh tribal gatherers and 18000 Self-help groups in 22 States.
  171. Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel, Dharmendra Pradhan launched Indian Gas Exchange (IGX), first nationwide online delivery-based gas trading platform, as a delivery-based trading platform for delivery of natural Gas.
    1. Incorporated as a wholly owned subsidiary of the IEX - India’s energy market platform, IGX will enable market participants to trade in standardised gas contracts. `
    2. GAIL Ltd. And Petronet LNG Ltd. joined India’s first natural gas online exchange.
  172. India joined Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI or Gee-Pay), to be launched as an international and multi-stakeholder initiative to guide responsible development and use of AI, grounded in human rights, inclusion, diversity, innovation, and economic growth.
    1. GPAI will bring together leading experts from several sectors, to collaborate to promote responsible evolution of AI.
    2. India also recently launched National AI Strategy and National AI Portal and have also started leveraging AI across various sectors such as education, agriculture, healthcare, e-commerce, finance, telecommunications, etc.
  173. Sports ministry will establish Khelo India State Centre of Excellence (KISCE) under Khelo India Scheme, with 1 KISCE to be identified in each state and UT. In first leg, ministry has identified state-owned sports facilities in eight states - Karnataka, Odisha, Kerala, Telangana and northeast states of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland.
    1. Also, Sports Ministry will establish 1000 Khelo India Centers (KIC) at the district level across country. These centers will either be run by a past champion or have them as coaches.
  174. June 14 is observed as World Blood Donor Day. 2020 Theme is Safe Blood Saves Lives.
  175. New fish species called Schizothorax sikusirumensis has been discovered in Arunachal Pradesh, with its name derived from names of rivers where fish was found - River Sirum and River Siku.
  176. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) approved 750 million USD loan to India, to be help government strengthen its battle against the adverse impact of Covid-19 on poor and vulnerable households.
    1. Total AIIB loans to India amount to 3.6 billion USD.
  177. Bombay High court sought report on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of Lonar lake from the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) and GSI (Geographical Survey of India).
    1. Lonar Lake in Maharashtra, a National Geo-Heritage monumen, is an oval shaped lake that was formed by a meteorite hit on the earth around 50,000 years ago.
    2. The colour of the lake had recently turned pink. The area around the lake is an eco-sensitive zone as it consists of the Ejecta Blanket that is made up of the same material as that found on the moon.
    3. Experts believe that the Lonar lake turned pink due to increased salinity in the water and also due to the presence of algae.
  178. As per a Ministry of Earth Science report, Assessment of Climate Change over Indian Region -
    1. Average temperature across India could increase up to 4.4 degree Celsius by the end of 2100. Thiis Worst case scenario is defined by Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 that calculates a radiative forcing of 8.5 watt per square metre due to rising green house gas (GHG) emissions.
      1. Radiative forcing or climate forcing is the difference between sunlight energy absorbed by the Earth and energy that it radiates back into space.
    2. Under an intermediate scenario of RCP 4.5, the country’s average temperature could rise by up to 2.4°C.
    3. Rise in temperatures in Hindu Kush-Himalayan region may reach 5.2°C.
    4. Global average temperature in the last century has gone up by 1.1°C.
    5. Even if Nationally Determined Contributions declared by countries under the 2015 Paris Agreement are met, the global average temperature could rise by around 3°C, which could be disastrous.
    6. Report predicts that monsoon rainfall could change by an average of 14 % by 2100 that could go as high as 22.5 %. Rainfall during monsoon season has decreased by 6 % between 1950 and 2015.
  179. IMD World Competitiveness Index 2020 -
    1. Top 3 - Singapore (1), Denmark (2), Switzerland (3)
    2. India ranked 43rd, unchanged from last year.
  180. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Released World Investment Report 2020 -
    1. India is the 9th largest recipient of FDI in 2019, with FDI increased from 42 billion USD in 2018 to 51 million USD in 2019.
    2. Global FDI inflows decreased by 40% in 2020 as compared to 2019 ($1.54 Trillion USD). 2020 be for first time since 2005 that global FDI falls below the $1 trillion mark.
  181. NASA unveiled first results of Bose-Einstein condensate experiments under which particles can be manipulated free from Earthly constraints.
    1. Bose-Einstein Condensates were predicted by Indian Mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein almost a century ago.
    2. 5th State (BEC) is a state of matter that is typically formed when a gas of bosons is cooled to temperatures close to absolute zero. Absolute Zero is the temperature at which the entropy and enthalpy of cooled gas reach their minimum value.
    3. Other 4 States of matter are solid, liquid, gas and plasma.
  182. Swedish think-tank SIPRI launched Yearbook 2020 -
    1. India and China have increased their nuclear arsenal as compared to 2019. India has 150 nuclear war heads, while China has 290 and Pakistan around 150 - 160.
    2. 9 major nuclear armed states of the world include US, UK, Russia, France, India, Pakistan, China, North Korea and Israel. These countries together possessed 13,400 nuclear weapons in the beginning of 2020. Of these 3,720 nuclear weapons are currently deployed and 1,800 are kept in high operational alert.
  183. Government reconstituted advisory panel on corporate insolvency resolution and liquidation process, which was constituted in 2017 and is chaired by banker Uday Kotak. Committee will advise on matter relating to corporate insolvency resolution and liquidation.
  184. Archaeological Survey of India claimed that a 500 year old temple that submerged in the waters of Mahanadi resurfaced, called Mastaka.
    1. Mahanadi river had changed its course 150 years due to flooding, and submerged Padmabati village where temple was located.
  185. Railway Protection Force launched a Robot called Captain Arjun (Always be Responsible and Just Use to be Nice), to intensify screening and surveillance at the railway stations under Central Railways.
  186. As per an estimation exercise of Indian Gaur in Nilgris forest division of Tamil Nadu, approx 2000 Gaurs in the region are prone to human-animal conflicts due to habitat loss, fragmentation.
    1. Indian Gaurs are the largest and tallest in the family of wild cattle.
    2. Scientists found that a rare genetic condition of leucism is observed in Indian Gaurs. Leucism causes partial loss of pigmentation in the skin pattern of the animal. This is not good as leucism might compromise immune system of animals and reduce their survival rates.
  187. Violent clash broke out between Indian and Chinese soldiers in Galwan Valley of Ladakh region, with 20 Indian and Over 50 Chinese soldiers Martyred.
    1. Stand off between India and China increased as India is building a strategic road through the Galwan valley that is close to China.
    2. The road connects the region to an airstrip. This improves military access of India to the region.
    3. Also, Indo-Tibetan Border Police launced twin commands in Guwahati and Chandigarh to supervise its deployment of troops along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
  188. June 15 is observed as UN World Elder Abuse Awarenesas Day. 2020 Theme is Lifting up Voices.
    1. June 15 is also observed as Global Wind Day.
  189. Kathy Lueders became new Associate Administrator of HEO- Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, making her the first female head of the human space flight program.
  190. Industrial Awards (June 2020) -
    1. Indian Origin Chef Angad Singh Rana won QualityNZ Culinary Cup 2020.
    2. Himachal Pradesh state Panchayati raj department won 1st prize under e-Panchayat Puraskar-2020, given by Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
  191. Hyderabad-based Deccan Development Society won Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation Award 2020, one of the most coveted environmental awards, including grant of 40000 Euros (approx. Rs. 35 Lakhs).
  192. Uttar Pradesh became top state in providing employment to workers under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA), employing 57.13 Lakh workers in 57 thousand village panchayats.
  193. West Bengal government launched a job portal ‘KarmaBhumi’ for IT professionals who have returned to the state amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
  194. June 16 - International Day of Family Remittances (IDFR). 2020 Theme is Remittances are a lifeline.
  195. Uttar Pradesh State Government will adopt scheme of Flatted Factory Model which will ensure easy availability of land for industries, and in turn, generate employment also.
    1. Flatted factories means multi-storeyed buildings in which multiple non-polluting units can operate will be allowed. The new policy will allow the owner of an industrial land of at least five acres to develop one-fourth of it as flatted factory.
  196. Uttar Pradesh (UP) Govt. launched ‘Bal Shramik Vidya Yojana’ for child labourers who are 8-18 years old -
    1. It aims To educate orphans and worker’s children or child labourers & ensure their healthy life, with assistance of 1000 per month (pm) to boys, 1200 pm to girls. If these children pass 8th, 9th and 10th, they will get 6000 per annum along with a monthly incentive.
    2. Beneficiaries will include Child laborers without parents / handicapped parents.
  197. Exim Bank of India extended a $216-million (1,640 crore) line of credit to Malawi, aimed at improving tied with African country amid increasing importance of geopolitics. This is the fifth credit line given on behalf of Indian government to Malawi, taking total to $396 million.
  198. Historian Dinyar Patel’s biography of Dadabhai Naoroji - Naoroji Pioneer of Indian Nationalism, has been released.
  199. Actor Pankaj Tripathi is appointed as brand ambassador of Patna’s Khadi Mall by Government of Bihar, India’s first ever Kadhi mall.
  200. June 17 - World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought (WDCDD), proclaimed in Jan 1995 by United Nations General Assembly. 2020 theme is Food, Feed Fibre-The links between consumption and land.
  201. American investment firm TPG will invest 4547 croreS in Jio Platforms for a 0.93 percent stake.
    1. This is 9th Stake Deal in Reliance Jio Since April 2020. Earlier Deals -
      1. UAE Based Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) acquired 1.16% stake in Reliance Jio platforms, through investment of 5,683.50 crores.
      2. Abu Dhabi (UAE) Based MubadalaInvested 9093 Crores INR in Reliance Jio Platforms, for 1.85 % Stake.
      3. US Based Silver Lake Invested 5656 Crores INR in Jio Platforms, for 1.15 % Stake.
      4. US Firm KKR  invested Approx 11367 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 2.32% stake.
      5. US Investor General Atlantic invested Approx 6600 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 1.34% stake. 
      6. US Based Vista Equity Partners invested 11367 crores into Reliance Jio Platforms for a 2.32 % stake.
      7. US Based Silver Lake partners  bought 1.15% stake in Reliance Industries subsidiary Jio Platforms, for Rs 5,656 crores ($750 million).
      8. Social Network Facebook invested INR 43574 crores in Jio Platforms, for 9.99% stake. It was Largest FDI in India's Tech Industry.
    2. Under concerned 9 deals, Jio has divested total 32.21 % Stake to 9 Firms, since April 2020.
  202. American Investor L Catterton Invested 1,894.50 crores in Reliance JIO Platforms, for 0.39 % stake.
    1. This is 10th Stake Deal in Reliance Jio Since April 2020. Earlier Deals -
      1. American investment firm TPG invested 4547 croreS in Jio Platforms for a 0.93 percent stake.
      2. UAE Based Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) acquired 1.16% stake in Reliance Jio platforms, through investment of 5,683.50 crores.
      3. Abu Dhabi (UAE) Based MubadalaInvested 9093 Crores INR in Reliance Jio Platforms, for 1.85 % Stake.
      4. US Based Silver Lake Invested 5656 Crores INR in Jio Platforms, for 1.15 % Stake.
      5. US Firm KKR  invested Approx 11367 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 2.32% stake.
      6. US Investor General Atlantic invested Approx 6600 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 1.34% stake. 
      7. US Based Vista Equity Partners invested 11367 crores into Reliance Jio Platforms for a 2.32 % stake.
      8. US Based Silver Lake partners  bought 1.15% stake in Reliance Industries subsidiary Jio Platforms, for Rs 5,656 crores ($750 million).
      9. Social Network Facebook invested INR 43574 crores in Jio Platforms, for 9.99% stake. It was Largest FDI in India's Tech Industry.
    2. Under concerned 10 deals, Jio has divested total 32.6 % Stake to 10 Firms, since April 2020.
  203. RBI has proposed to set upper age limit of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and whole time directors (WTDs) belonging to the promoter group of banks to 70 years and maximum tenure of 10 years, to improve administration in banking sector.
  204. RBI made changes to monitoring structure of Financial Markets Infrastructure (FMI) and Retail Payment Systems (RPSs), to ensure security and stability of payment structure.
    1. RBI will monitor existing and planned systems, financial market infrastructure and retail payment systems through assessment.
    2. The new framework treats NPCI (National Payments Corporation of India ) and National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) as FMIs as well means NPCI will now have to reveal self-assessment of compliance on an annual basis and distribute data of systems operated by it.
    3. Systematically important FMIs till now only included Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), Securities Settlement Systems (SSSs), Clearing Corporation of India Ltd. (CCIL) and Negotiated Dealing System (NDS).
    4. NPCI is also designated as a “system wide important payment system (SWIPS).
    5. New framework also includes Retail payment systemVisa and Mastercard under increased regulatory supervision of RBI.
  205. Petroleum major Bharat Petroleum will set up a major new centre for its global business services (GBS) operations in Pune, employing around 2000 people and expected to begin operations by January 2021.
  206. PM Narendra Modi launched auction process of 41 coal blocks for commercial mining, as part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. Coal Ministry in association with FICCI launched the process for auction of these coal mines, with Theme Unleashing Coal: New Hopes for Atmanirbhar Bharat.
    1. Earlier in 2014, coal linkage was introduced to provide impetus to coal sector. India will now fully open coal and mining sector for increased competition, capital, participation and technology.
  207. For Financial Year (FY) 2020-21, highest ever grants in a single year, were allocated to Rural Local Bodies, as recommended by Fifteenth Finance Commission. It amounted to 60750 Crores INR.
    1. First installment of Rs 15187.50 crore has been released to 2.63 lakh RLBs, with second to be released soon.
  208. Pralhad Joshi, Minister for Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs launched SATYABHAMA (Science and Technology Yojana for Aatmanirbhar Bharat in Mining Advancement) Portal for Science and Technology Programme Scheme of Ministry of Mines.
    1. SATYABHAMA allows online submission of project proposals along with monitoring of the projects and utilization of funds / grants. It is integrated with NGO Darpan Portal of NITI Aayog.
  209. MOU signed between Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs and Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), to engage SIDBI as the Implementation Agency for PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) - a Special Micro-Credit Facility for Street Vendors.
    1. SIDBI will also manage the credit guarantee to lending institutions through Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE).
  210. PSU Coal India Limited (CIL) partnered with Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog to support proactively the flagship mission’s innovation and entrepreneurship initiatives across country. AIM has various innovation programs and entrepreneurial ecosystem building initiatives such as -
    1. Atal Tinkering Labs ( ATL) at a school level
    2. Atal Incubation Centres ( AIC) at institutional levels
    3. Atal Community Innovation Centres ( ACIC) for Tier-2, Tier3 cities and rural India
    4. Atal New India Challenges ( ANIC) at industry level
    5. Applied Research and Innovation ( ARISE) for stimulating innovations in MSME industry.
  211. Astronomers at Nainital Based Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) found that stars of varied ages can co-exist in open clusters. This challenges earlier understanding that stars in an open cluster have the same age.
    1. Scientists measured light from three poorly studied open clusters NGC 381, NGC 2360, and Berkeley 68 observed using the 1.3-m telescope at Devasthal.
    2. They found two different stellar evolutionary sequences in cluster NGC 2360, which has been observed in very few open clusters in Milky Way Galaxy until now. Clusters are found to be relatively older, having ages between 446 Million years to 1778 million years.
    3. Researchers also stated that mass distributions of stars belonging to clusters have shown preferential distribution of massive stars in inner part of clusters, while low mass stars are found towards outer region of clusters.
    4. It is believed that some of the very low mass stars have in fact, left their parent clusters and may be roaming as a free star like our own Sun. Their study lent important insight about the stellar and dynamical evolution of these clusters.
  212. Study by Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) that detected presence of singly ionised fluorine for the first time in the atmospheres of hot Extreme Helium Stars, makes strong case that main formation of these objects involves a merger of a carbon-oxygen (CO) and a Helium (He) white dwarf.
    1. An extreme helium star or EHe is a low-mass supergiant that is almost devoid of hydrogen, the most common chemical element of universe. Origin and evolution of these Hydrogen deficient objects have been shrouded in mystery.
    2. Research showed fluorine abundances determined from singly ionized fluorine (F II) lines suggest a very high enrichment of fluorine, about a factor of 100 to 10000 times higher than normal stars.
    3. Fluorine plays a very crucial role in this regard to determine the actual evolutionary sequence of these hydrogen deficient objects.
    4. Detection of enhanced fluorine abundances in the atmospheres of hot EHes solves a decade-old mystery about their formation. It firmly places hot EHes in an evolutionary sequence with cool EHes and other hydrogen-deficient stars and zeros in on evolutionary scenario, which involves merger of two double degenerate white dwarfs (WDs).
  213. American Investor Intel Capital Invested 1,894.50 crores in Reliance JIO Platforms, for 0.39 % stake.
    1. This is 11th Stake Deal in Reliance Jio Since April 2020. Earlier Deals -
      1. American Investor L Catterton Invested 1,894.50 crores in Reliance JIO Platforms, for 0.39 % stake.
      2. American investment firm TPG invested 4547 croreS in Jio Platforms for a 0.93 percent stake.
      3. UAE Based Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) acquired 1.16% stake in Reliance Jio platforms, through investment of 5,683.50 crores.
      4. Abu Dhabi (UAE) Based MubadalaInvested 9093 Crores INR in Reliance Jio Platforms, for 1.85 % Stake.
      5. US Based Silver Lake Invested 5656 Crores INR in Jio Platforms, for 1.15 % Stake.
      6. US Firm KKR  invested Approx 11367 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 2.32% stake.
      7. US Investor General Atlantic invested Approx 6600 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 1.34% stake. 
      8. US Based Vista Equity Partners invested 11367 crores into Reliance Jio Platforms for a 2.32 % stake.
      9. US Based Silver Lake partners  bought 1.15% stake in Reliance Industries subsidiary Jio Platforms, for Rs 5,656 crores ($750 million).
      10. Social Network Facebook invested INR 43574 crores in Jio Platforms, for 9.99% stake. It was Largest FDI in India's Tech Industry.
    2. Under concerned 11 deals, Jio has divested total 32.99 % Stake to 11 Firms, since April 2020.
  214. Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund PIF will invest Rs 11,367 crore for 2.32 percent of Jio Platforms.
    1. This is 12th Stake Deal in Reliance Jio Since April 2020. Earlier Deals -
      1. American Investor Intel Capital Invested 1,894.50 crores in Reliance JIO Platforms, for 0.39 % stake.
      2. American Investor L Catterton Invested 1,894.50 crores in Reliance JIO Platforms, for 0.39 % stake.
      3. American investment firm TPG invested 4547 croreS in Jio Platforms for a 0.93 percent stake.
      4. UAE Based Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) acquired 1.16% stake in Reliance Jio platforms, through investment of 5,683.50 crores.
      5. Abu Dhabi (UAE) Based Mubadala Invested 9093 Crores INR in Reliance Jio Platforms, for 1.85 % Stake.
      6. US Based Silver Lake Invested 5656 Crores INR in Jio Platforms, for 1.15 % Stake.
      7. US Firm KKR  invested Approx 11367 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 2.32% stake.
      8. US Investor General Atlantic invested Approx 6600 crores in Reliance Jio Platforms, for a 1.34% stake. 
      9. US Based Vista Equity Partners invested 11367 crores into Reliance Jio Platforms for a 2.32 % stake.
      10. US Based Silver Lake partners  bought 1.15% stake in Reliance Industries subsidiary Jio Platforms, for Rs 5,656 crores ($750 million).
      11. Social Network Facebook invested INR 43574 crores in Jio Platforms, for 9.99% stake. It was Largest FDI in India's Tech Industry.
    2. Under concerned 12 deals, Jio has divested total 35.31 % Stake to 12 Firms, since April 2020.
  215. Observations on June 18 -
    1. Great June Uprising Day, in Manipur. It pays tribute to 18 persons who lost their lives in June 2001 to protect the territorial integrity of Manipur.
    2.  Sustainable Gastronomy Day, proclaimed in December 2016 by United Nations General Assembly.
    3. Autistic Pride Day.
  216. Researchers from World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) claimed to have discovered fossil of a stegodon — a now-extinct elephant species known as Proboscideans — believed to be 5 to 8 million years old from Badshahi Bagh area of Shivalik range in Saharanpur district (Uttar Pradesh).
    1. Presence of stegodons shows the existence of dense forests and lots of river channels in the area during that time.
  217. Researchers stated that fossil named The Thing, which was found in 2011, on Seymour Island of Antarctica, is the second-largest egg in terms of size (29 by 20 centimeters) that has been discovered to date.
    1. It is second largest to the Madagascan Elephant Bird (extinct) egg and also the largest soft-shelled egg on record.
    2. The fossil, since its discovery in 2011, was kept at a museum in Chile and was named ‘The Thing’, as for over next 7 years scientists kept on trying to resolve the football-sized mysterious fossil.
    3. Scientists stated that the animal that had laid the egg could be up to 17 meters tall and at least 7 meters long, possibly a Mosasaur.
  218. RBI extended regulatory restrictions imposed on multi-state urban Cooperative Bank, Punjab and Maharashtra Cooperative Bank Limited (PMC Bank) by another 6 months.
    1. However, customers were provided relief in terms of withdrawal limit set by RBI earlier. It is enhanced from 50000 to 100000.
  219. Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) became First Indian Company to be valued at USD 150 billion (11 lakh Crores), following a stocks rise.
    1. Company announced that it become net debt-free well ahead of its target of March 2021, which was 161035 crores.
    2. Reliance raised over 168,818 crores - 53,124 crores through existing shareholders of company and 115694 crores raised through 11 deals of stake sale in RIL’s subsidiary Jio Platforms.
  220. After securing 184 out of 192 votes, India became a non-permanent member of United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for 2 years, begining 1st January 2021.
    1. Apart from India, Norway, Kenya, Ireland, and Mexico were also elected for a period of 2 years as non-permanent members.
    2. India will have presidency of the UN Security Council in the month of August 2021 and again for a month in 2022.
    3. UN SC has 15 member states of which 5 are permanent members (United States, France, China, Russia, and the United Kingdom).
  221. Nepal's President Bidhya Devi Bhandari approved Constitution Amendment Bill that seeks to update the nation's political map by including areas claimed by India.
    1. Bill was passed earlier in the day by Nepal's upper house of the Parliament, National Assembly with unanimous support.
    2. India has rejected Nepal's claim to the three Indian areas of Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura in Uttarakhand.
  222. Niti Aayog formed a panel to develop a job platform for migrant labourers, to help migrant workers have lost their jobs during lockdown.
  223. U.S. Senate appointed Indian-American scientist Dr Sethuraman Panchanathan as Director of National Science Foundation(NSF).
    1. He is 2nd Indian-American to be nominated to this position, with first being Subra Suresh (October 2010 - March 2013).
  224. Urjit Patel has been appointed as Chairman of National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), an economic think tank based in New Delhi.
  225. June 19 is observed as World Sickle Cell Day, to raise public awareness about sickle cell disease and its treatment methods. It was proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly in 2008.
    1. Sickle Cell Disease is a commonly occurring genetic disease. It is an inherited genetic abnormality of hemoglobin (oxygen-carrying protein found in red blood cells) due to which red blood cells (RBCs) causes stuck in small blood vessels and are unable to carry adequate amount of oxygen throughout body.
    2. June 19 is also observed as International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict.
    3. June 19 is also observed as National Reading Day, to honour father of Library Movement in Kerala, P.N. Panicker whose death anniversary falls on June 19.
  226. 2 Indian Tech Firms are named in World Economic Forum (WEF)'s 2020 list of Technology Pioneers.
    1. Indian firms are ZestMoney and Stellapps.
    2. ZestMoney is an Indian Artificial intelligence-based digital lending platform which disburses affordable credit to millions.
    3. Stellapps is India’s data-led, internet of things-based startup platform which is enagaged in digitization of the dairy supply chain.
  227. Asian Paralympic Committee (APC) announced that 4th edition of Asian Youth Para Games to be held in Bahrain in December 2021.
  228. Fitch Ratings revised downward its rating outlook for India to negative from stable while retaining its sovereign rating at the lowest investment grade of 'BBB-', citing increasing risk to the country’s growth and debt outlook. Curently, Fitch and Moody’s have negative outlook while S&P Global Ratings has stable outlook.
  229. Turkey''s Volkan Bozkir has been elected as president of 75th UN General Assembly of United Nations, which begins in September 2020. He will take over from Nigeria's Tijjani Muhammad-Bande.
  230. Nobel prize-winning Indian economist Amartya Sen won prestigious Peace Prize of the German Book Trade for this year, which comes with a cash prize of €25,000 euros ($28,000).
  231. Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) will provide a line of credit of USD 20.10 million (about Rs 153.27 crore) for reconstruction of Aldo Chavarria Hospital in Nicaragua ( Central America).
  232. June 20 - UN World Refugee Day, Proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly in Dec 2000. 2020 Theme is Every Action Counts.
  233. June 21 - UN International Yoga Day, being Observed Since 2015.
    1. 2020 Theme is Yoga for Health - Yoga at Home, stipulated by UN.
    2. PM’s Awards for Outstanding Contribution for Promotion and Development of Yoga, were not announced in 2020, due to COVID-19 Pandemic.
    3. Other Observations Made on June 21 -
      1. World Music Day
        1. First all-day musical celebration on the day of the summer solstice was celebrated in Paris in 1982.
        2. For this Observance, French integrated content,media and communications group Vivendi partnered with Grammy winner Ricky Kej for “My Earth Concert for Kids”.
      2. Summer Solstice day. Summer Solstice is longest day of year which marks official start of summer season in Northern hemisphere.
        1. International Day of Celebration of the Solstice was proclaimed by UN General Assembly in 2019.
      3. World Hydrography Day, Proclaimed by International Hydrographic Organization in 2005. 2019 theme is “Hydrography enabling autonomous technologies”.
  234. PM Narendra modi launched massive rural public works scheme Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan, to empower and provide livelihood opportunities to returnee migrant workers and rural citizens.
    1. It has been launched from Village – Telihar, Block- Beldaur of Khagaria District of Bihar.
    2. Villages across 116 districts in 6 States joined the programme through Common Service Centres and Krishi Vigyan Kendras. States are Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha. Out of 116 districts, 27 are aspirational.
    3. This mission mode campaign of 125 days, will involve intensified and focused implementation of 25 different types of works to provide employment to migrant workers and create rural infrastructure, with a resource envelope of 50,000 crores.
    4. The Abhiyaan will be a convergent effort between 12 different Ministries/Departments.
  235. General News / Conferences (June 11-20, 2020)
    1. World Bank approved a USD 1.05 billion for helping economy of Bangladesh during Pandemic.
    2. Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurated Composite Regional Centre (CRC) in Namkum Block Office (Ranchi). CRC-Ranchi will provide rehabilitation services to persons with disabilities in Jharkhand and adjoining areas.
    3. PSU National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) signed MoU with Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) Nangal (Punjab) to train youths in 12 trades under Dual System of Training Scheme.
    4. India and Nepal signed MOU to improve infrastructure of Pashupatinath temple complex. India will extend assistance of 2.33 crores for the same.
    5. Human Resource Development (MHRD) and Sports Ministry collaborated to produce a series of special films promoting 10 indigenous sports of India - Kho-kho, Gatka, Kalaripayttu, Mallakhamb, Thang-Ta, Sqay, Kabaddi, Roll Ball, Tug of War and Shooting Ball.
    6. Government organized first ever ADIP camp, to distribute free assistive aids to Divyangjans under ADIP scheme, at Firozpur district of Punjab. ADIP scheme is implemented by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. ADIP aims to provide Assistance to Disabled Persons for purchasing and fitting of aids.
    7. India’s first virtual business-to-business trade fair kicked off, with Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH) designing a virtual platform as an alternative marketing strategy to promote outbound shipments. This platform hosted stalls of around 200 Indian exporters of fashion jewllery and accessories
    8. Indian Railway eased procurement system by ruling that a Vendor, approved for an item by any of the Vendor Approving Agency of Indian Railways shall be considered as Approved vendor by all Railway Units for that particular item.
    9. 45th annual meeting of United States India Business Council (USIBC) will be marked with the 2020 India Ideas Summit, to be held virtually on 21st and 22nd July.
    10. Odisha become first state to receive ISO certification for hostels meant for tribal students, with launching of Mission Suvidya, project to provide all tribal hostels of the state uniform standards of infrastructure, amenities and human resources.
      1. Also, Odisha observed Raja Parba, celebrated for three days during June.
    11. Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) launched Multi-location claim settlement facility, to replace old system of geographical jurisdiction for claim process. It aims to improve service delivery and ensure social security for its more than 6 crore subscribers.
  236. France and India signed credit financing agreement promising 200 million euros (Rs. 1709 crore) to support the social welfare system and India’s covid response. It will be provided to India through AFD, French Development Agency (Agence Française de Développement).
  237. As per Global Trends- Forced Displacement in 2019 report by UN refugee agency United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) -
    1. In 2019, additional 11 million people were displaced where 2.4 million sought protection outside their country, and 8.6 million were newly displaced within their countries.
    2. Globally, approx 1 % people have been displaced.
    3. Of 79.5 million Displaced, 29.6 million were refugees, 4.2 million asylum seekers and 45.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs)
    4. Five countries account for two-thirds (68%) of people displaced across borders: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar.
    5. Turkey hosted the largest number of refugees, 3.9 million people (3.6 million were refugees & 0.3 million were Asylum seekers).
  238. To strengthen Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)'s enforcement mechanism and also to improve its system of recovery of siphoned off money, committee headed by former SC Judge Anil Dave proposed a method of quantification of profit made by the defaulter and loss caused to investors.
    1. Committee also examined insolvency, recovery and securities laws jurisprudence and suggested suitable changes in Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016, to ensure that insolvency law is not used as a protection.
  239. Infosys Became second major signatory and first Indian company to sign The Climate Pledge, of Amazon and Global Optimism, an initiative by Amazon Chief Jeff Bezos and Christiana Figueres, founder of Global Optimism. It aims to become net-zero carbon by 2040, ten years ahead of target set under Paris Agreement. Company Agreed to -
    1. Company has set 2035 to complete transition to Renewable Energy.
    2. Implement decarbonization strategies through changes in business and innovations through renewable energy, materials reductions etc.
    3. Neutralize remaining emissions with additional, real, permanent and socially beneficial offsets to achieve zero carbon emission by 2040.
  240. Andhra Pradesh Govt presented AP state budget FY 21 (2020-21), with size for Rs 2.24 lakh crores.
    1. AP became first Indian state to convene its Legislative Assembly and Council which adopted budget for FY21 amid Covid-19 pandemic.
    2. The budget amount stated a decrease of 1.4% over FY19-20 due to major economic slowdown caused by Covid-19.
    3. Budget projected rise in state’s debt to 3,48,998 crores in 2020-21, up from 3.02 lakh crores at end of last FY.
    4. At least 7 schemes will be launched this year under government’s flagship “Navaratnalu” programme.
    5. 3615 crore will be distributed to farmers under Rythu Bharosa scheme towards inputs and another 1,100 crore towards interest-free farm loans.
    6. State government introduced and passed two Bills - Decentralisation Bill and the AP Capital Region Development Authority (CRDA) Repeal Bill. Bill enables setting up of three capitals, with Amaravati being Legislative capital, Visakhapatnam the Executive capital and Kurnool Judicial capital.
  241. Serum Institute of India signed new supply agreement with United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and Vaccine alliance Gavi’s procurement partner to supply Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine(PCV) to low income countries all over the world.
  242. According to report Policy Brief: The Impact of COVID-19 on Food Security and Nutrition released by Italy based Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) -
    1. Around 4.5 Crore people were fall into acute food insecurity since February 2020 due to COVID-19 pandemic, of which a majority of 33 million people reside in South and Southeast Asia, and most of the remainder in Sub-Saharan Africa.
    2. Pandemic is likely to cost $8.5 trillion in the next 2 years.
  243. 2017 Nobel Literature Prize winner Kazuo Ishiguro (Japan) will release his new novel ‘Klara and the Sun’ in March 2021.
  244. A Burning, debut novel of Megha Majumdar has been released.
  245. According to EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation), formal employment in India saw an 28.6 % increase at 78.58 lakh in 2019-20 as compared to 61.12 lakh added in 2018-19.
  246. RBI proposed to tighten rules governing home financiers, including putting restrictions on lending to builders and doubling the minimum net owned funds criterion -
    1. RBI proposed that home financiers should not be simultaneously allowed to lend to a real estate developer as well as homebuyers in developer’s project. Home financiers will now be regulated as a category of non-banking financial companies.
    2. Non-deposit taking HFCs with asset size of 500 crore and above, and all deposit taking HFCs irrespective of asset size will be treated as systemically important HFCs.
    3. RBI also said that to qualify as a housing finance company, 50% of net assets should be to real estate lending, of which at least 75% should be towards individual housing loans.
    4. Those HFCs that do not fulfil qualification will be treated as NBFC–investment and credit companies (NBFC-ICCs) and will be required to approach RBI for conversion of their certificate of registration from HFCs to NBFC-ICC.
    5. RBI proposed to double minimum net owned funds for HFCs to 20 crore and align the capital requirements of all HFCs with NBFCs over a period of two years.
    6. For HFCs, minimum capital risk-weighted assets ratio (CRAR) is currently at 12%, which will be increased to 14% by 31 March 2021 and 15% by 31 March 2022.
  247. SEBI amended Securities and Exchange Board of India (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations 2011 (SEBI-SAST) to enhance the acquisition limit for promoters of a listed company -
    1. Amendment allows promoters owning 25% or more of the shares or voting rights in a company to increase his shareholding by upto 10% in a year in comparison to the earlier 5% limit. This limit is permitted only through preferential issue of equity shares and valid only for FY20-21.
    2. SEBI relaxed condition of time gap between two qualified institutional placements (QIPs) to 2 weeks from earlier 6 months.
  248. Kubatbek Boronov has been Appointed as new new Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan.
  249. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has set up a Project Development Cell (PDC) under its joint secretary Amitesh Kumar Sinha to attract investment in clean energy, especially in solar sector.
  250. According to 69th  edition of Statistical Review of World Energy 2020 report, released by UK based oil and gas company BP plc -
    1. India was 2nd  major market after China to increase primary energy consumption in 2019.
    2. India’s energy consumption in 2019 was third largest (34.06 EJ (Exajool)-an increase of 2.3%) only after China (141.70 EJ) and United States (94.65 EJ).
    3. Renewable energy and natural gas occupy leading position in the growth in energy consumption. While primary energy consumption in world has increased to 583.90 (EJ). Carbon emissions from energy use has been increased by 0.5%.
    4. Global oil consumption increased by 0.9 million barrels per day (bpd) or 0.9 %, slightly lower than 10-year average of 1.3 % per annum .
    5. India is 3rd largest country in terms of oil consumption with a growth of 1.59 lakh barrels per day, ranked third after China’s consumption of 6.81 lakh barrels per day and Iran’s 1.83 lakh barrels per day.
    6. Global Coal consumption fell by 0.6% and its share in primary energy fell to its lowest level in 16 years (27%) led by a sharp drop in OECD demand. However, coal remained largest source of energy for power generation with over 36% of global power.
    7. Renewable energy posted a record increase in consumption in energy terms (3.2 EJ).
  251. Researchers at IIT Mandi developed a herbal infusion technology, as a source of income for local marginal farmers in the mid-Himalayas.
    1. Technology is ready to license industries interested in working with Enabling Women of Kamand (EWOK)- a rural incubator at IIT Mandi.
  252. NASA discovered youngest known magnetar (a type of neutron star) named “Swift J1818.0-1607” about 16,000 light years away from Earth -
    1. It belongs to a special class of objects called “magnetars”, estimated to be 240 years old.
    2. It has a magnetic field up to 1,000 times stronger than a typical neutron star and about 100 million times stronger than the most powerful magnets made by humans.
    3. It was first discovered in March 2020 by NASA’s Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory when when a large amount of X-rays were emitted by it.
    4. European Space Agency and NASA then studied this magnetar and found that it was the youngest one.
  253. NITI Aayog (in partnership with several agancies Including Bill andMelinda Gates Foundation, Ashoka University), launched a behaviour change campaign called ‘Navigating the New Normal’, along with website http://www.covidthenewnormal.com/
    1. It contains resources informed by behavioural science and the use of nudge and social norms theory, related to Covid-safe behavioural norms during the ongoing Unlock phase, and the second is a media campaign focused on the wearing of masks.
  254. PSU Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED), which works for promotion of tribal commerce worth 2 lakh crores per annum, has laid out a digital transformation strategy for further Growth.
    1. It includes a website (https://trifed.tribal.gov.in/), setting up of an e-Market Place for Tribal Artisans to trade and directly market their produces, digitisation of all information related to the forest dwellers engaged in its VanDhan Yojana, village haats and warehouses to which they are linked.
  255. A study of a microscopic ancient marine algae (Coccolithophores) led by National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) has found that there is a decrease in concentration of oceanic calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in Southern Indian ocean.
    1. It is attributed to increase in concentration of another single-celled algae known as diatoms. This will affect growth and skeleton structure of coccolithophores, with potential significance for world ocean ecosystem.
    2. Coccolithophores are single-celled algae living in the upper layers of the world's oceans, playing key role in marine ecosystems and global carbon cycle.
    3. Coccolithophores calcify marine phytoplankton that produces up to 40% of open ocean calcium carbonate and responsible for 20% of global net marine primary productivity.
    4. Coccolithophores also help remove CO2 from atmosphere and ocean by consuming it during photosynthesis.
    5. Research revealed that reduction of coccolithophore diversity in early summer and late summer periods is due to an increase in presence of diatom algae, which occurs after sea ice breakdown with climate change and ocean acidification, and increases silicate concentration in Southern Ocean.
    6. Results point to climate change as a major reason for the altered coccolithophore calcification rate.
  256. A National Centre of Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) Research found a dramatic decline in Arctic sea ice due to global warming, leading to localized increase in evaporation, air humidity, cloud cover, and rainfall.
    1. NCPOR noted that largest decline in Arctic sea ice in the past 41 years happened in July 2019. In last 40 years (1979-2018), sea ice has been declining at a rate of ‘-4.7%’ per decade, while its rate was found to be ‘-13%’ in July 2019.
    2. If this continues, there would be no ice left in the Arctic sea by 2050, which would be dangerous for humanity.
    3. Worrying element is that volume of ice formation during winters is unable to keep pace with volume of ice loss during summers.
  257. Researchers from Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology Dehradun (WIHG) traced paleoclimatic history of Indus River in Ladakh Himalaya -
    1. They studied discharge during periods in which river experienced an increase in land elevation, due to deposition of sediment) and its incision.
    2. Researchers observed that aggradation in Himalayan rivers occurred in glacial-interglacial transient warm climatic conditions (33–21 ka and 17–14 ka) when sediment budget in rivers increased just after glacial events.
    3. Study shows that aggradation took place in Indus River when sediment to water ratio was higher during MIS-3 (Marine isotope stages (MIS), marine oxygen-isotope stages, are alternating warm and cool periods in Earth's paleoclimate.
  258. Government declared Minimum Support Price for mature dehusked coconut for the season 2020 at 2700 per quintal, hiking by 5.02% from Rs. 2571 per quintal during season 2019.  
  259. Joint Venture PSU Talcher Fertilisers Limited (TFL) is being set up at Talcher (Odisha) with 12.7 Lakh MT per annum capacity. It is a Joint Venture Company (JVC) promoted by GAIL, CIL, RCF and FCIL.
    1. It will be first of its kind in India to employ coal gasification technology for production of urea. The estimated cost of the project is around INR 13,270 crore. It will reduce India’s dependency on imported urea.
  260. Government e-Marketplace (GeM), a Special Purpose Vehicle under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, has made it mandatory for sellers to enter the Country of Origin while registering all new products on GeM.
    1. GeM also enabled a provision for indication of percentage of local content in products.
    2. Buyers can choose to buy only those products that meet minimum 50% local content criteria.
    3. In case of Bids, Buyers can now reserve any bid for Class I Local suppliers (Local Content > 50%). For those Bids below INR 200 crore, only Class I and Class II Local Suppliers (Local content > 50% and > 20% respectively) are eligible to bid, with Class I supplier getting purchase preference.
  261. HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched initiative YUKTI 2.0, to help systematically assimilate technologies having commercial potential and information related to incubated startups in our higher education institutions.
    1. Earlier, YUKTI (Young India combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation) web portal was launched in April, 2020.
    2. The portal intends to cover the different dimensions of COVID-19 challenges in a very holistic and comprehensive way.
  262. NITI Aayog and International Transport Forum (ITF) of OECD jointly launched ‘Decarbonizing Transport in Emerging Economies’ (DTEE) project in India.
    1. The ambitious five-year project will help India develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system through the development of modelling tools and policy scenarios.
    2. DTEE project would help India translate its climate ambitions into actions. The modelling tool and assessment framework would provide a targeted analytical assistance to identify these climate actions and help us draw policies rooted in data analysis and advanced modelling.
    3. Transport sector is third most greenhouse gas (GHG) emitting sector, with 13 % of India's CO2 emissions from it. These emissions have more than tripled since 1990. India’s transport CO2 emissions are likely to increase by almost 6% annually to 2030.
    4. DTEE project will design a tailor-made transport emissions assessment framework for India. It will provide the government with a detailed understanding of current and future transport activity and the related CO2 emissions as a basis for their decision-making.
  263. Government will include Compressed Bio-Gas under Priority Sector Lending, to provide ease in financing of CBG Plants.
    1. 'SATAT' (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) scheme on CBG was launched on 01-102018, which envisages targeting production of 15 MMT of CBG from 5000 plants by 2023. 
  264. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in partnership with IBM has unveiled Free Digital Learning Platform ‘Skills Build Reignite’ to reach more job seekers and provide new resources to business owners in India.
    1. Directorate General of Training also announced a 10-week duration Skills Build Innovation Camp for students, providing hands on project experience, enhanced learning and increased employability.
  265. Scientists at Institute of Nano Science & Technology (INST) developed a nanotechnology-based industry-friendly and low-cost method for production of antiepileptic drug ‘Rufinamide’.
    1. Researchers developed a new recyclable copper-oxide catalyst, which plays a crucial role in the key reaction for producing Rufinamide drug.
    2. Existing technology has an inherent selectivity issue, which often leads to unwanted non-drug isomer. This necessitates use of organic solvent, high temperature, and need to purify and separate soluble catalyst, leading to high production costs.
    3. In new method, unlike traditional CuSO4 catalyst, newly designed catalyst comprising of very small-sized (3-5 nm) CuI and CuII is so reactive that reaction can be conducted efficiently under aqueous condition and at room temperature.
    4. The developed catalyst is also useful for other organic transformation reactions. It can also be commercialized for academic use.
  266. Mali (West Africa) awarded Project Management Consultancy contract to Indian PSU NTPC, for development of 500 MW Solar Park.
    1. Earlier, Republic of Togo engaged NTPC for similar PMC support for development of 285 MW Solar Park in Togo.
  267. Minister of MSME Nitin Gadkari launched Credit Guarantee Scheme for Sub-ordinate Debt (CGSSD) which is also called “Distressed Assets Fund–Sub-ordinate Debt for MSMEs”.
    1. Guarantee cover worth 20,000 crores will be provided to promoters who can take debt from banks to further invest in their stressed MSMEs as equity. This scheme is expected to provide much required support to around 2 lakh MSMEs and will help in reviving economic activity in and through this sector.
    2. It seeks to extend support to promoters of operational MSMEs which are stressed and have become NPA as on 30th April, 2020.
      1. Promoters of MSMEs will be given credit equal to 15% of their stake or 75 lakh, whichever is lower.
      2. Promoters will infuse this amount in MSME unit and thereby enhance liquidity and maintain debt-equity ratio..
      3. 90% guarantee coverage for this sub-debt will be given under Scheme and 10% would come from concerned promoters.
      4. There will be a moratorium of 7 years on payment of principal whereas maximum tenor for repayment will be 10 years.
  268. June 22 is observed as World Rainforest Day.
  269. Foreign minister level meeting of trilateral group of Russia-India-China (RIC) held via Video Conferencing, with India represented by external affairs minister S. Jaishankar.
  270. Institute of Microbial Technology Chandigarh (IMTECH) validated clinical utility of Foldscope in diagnosis of diseases using various patient samples.
    1. Study evaluated use of Foldscope in clinical diagnosis of oral and urinary tract infections and evaluated its efficacy as a motivational tool for improving oral health among school children in India.
    2. Study identifies that Foldscope is particularly convenient to diagnose urinary tract infection (UTI) and monitor kidney stone. Using this tool, one can easily monitor own-kidney stone status at home with a simple glass-slide, a Foldscope and a phone in hand. Such monitoring could perhaps avoid kidney stone reaching a painful state or surgery in recurring cases.
  271. A study of space weather storms over India by Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) found that the occurrence of equatorial spread (ESF) irregularities and GPS scintillations are significantly affected by geomagnetic storms depending upon time of onset of geomagnetic storm. 
    1. Earth's magnetic field lines are nearly horizontal over magnetic equator due to which equatorial ionosphere is a bed for a variety of plasma instabilities to cause plasma disturbances and plasma irregularities. These irregularities pose severe problems to communication and navigation systems.
    2. Understanding thermosphere‐ionosphere-magnetosphere interactions that control electrodynamics behind dynamical evolution of ionospheric irregularities under disturbed periods like geomagnetic storms is important in developing communication / navigation systems.
  272. International Researchers (Including researchers from Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences Nainital (ARIES)), are observing changes in a very high energy gamma-ray emitting blazar ‘1ES 0806+524’ using seven optical telescopes.
    1. A blazar is a feeding super-massive black-hole (SMBH) in heart of a distant galaxy that produces a high-energy jet viewed face-on from Earth.
    2. Study explained large flares as result of propagation of a shock in relativistic jet that accelerates electrons to high energies followed by subsequent cooling.
  273. Minister for Health and Family Welfare Harsh Vardhan released annual TB Report 2020 -
    1. Around 24.04 Lakh TB patients notified in 2019, 14% increase from last year. Private sector notifications increased by 35% with 6.78 lakh TB patients notified.
    2. Expansion of treatment services resulted in 12% improvement in success rate, 81% in 2019 as compared to 69% in 2018.
    3. NIKSHAY Module expanded provision of four Direct Benefit Transfers (DBT) schemes of the programme – Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY) to TB patients.
    4. In larger states, Gujarat named best-performing state followed by Andhra Pradesh and Himanchal Pradesh at 2nd and 3rd place. In smaller states, both Nagaland and Tripura were named best performers.
    5. India aims to achieve SDG goal of eliminating TB in the country by 2025, five years ahead of Global Target of 2030. Programme has been renamed from Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) to National Tuberculosis Elimination Program (NTEP)’.
  274. World’s first Yoga University outside India was launched in US’s Los Angeles city, named after Swami Vivekananda. Programs based on the ancient traditional Indian practice of yoga will be offered at the university with a combination of scientific principles and modern research approaches.
  275. Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps will set up its permanent military base in Indian ocean by March 2021, after reported harassment faced by Iranian Fishermen in ocean from pirates and encroachments by foreign vessels in Indian Ocean and Sea of Oman.
  276. Karnataka government made amendments to The Karnataka Industries (Facilitation) Act, 2002, aimed at creating investor-friendly environment.
    1. For first 3 years, small and medium industries can begin manufacturing without having to wait for statutory clearances.
    2. Gujarat and Rajasthan are the other states that have amended their Industries Act, but in both these states, the amendment was made only for small industries.
  277. Jharkhand government will become second state after Kerala, to launch a job guarantee scheme that will be on the lines of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA). It will focus on providing 100-day work for unskilled workers in urban areas, named Mukhyamantri SHRAMIK (Shahri Rozgar Manjuri For Kamgar).
  278. China completed launch of final satellite of its BeiDou Positioning system, meaning ‘Big Dipper’ in Mandarin.
    1. Satellite is part of third generation of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS-3) and was the 55th satellite of the Beidou system.
  279. Rajasthan Govt. launched Indira Rasoi Yojana, To provide pure and nutritious food to economically weaker sections of society.
    1. Food will be available at a concessional rate twice a day, with annual expenditure of 100 crores.
    2. Earlier related scheme of Rajasthan government-‘Annapurna Rasoi Yojana’ has expired. It was launched in December 2016 by then CM Vasundhra Raju. It provided lunch and breakfast for Rs 8 and Rs 5 respectively.
  280. Haryana Govt signed agreement with Reliance Jio, to provide education to school children in rural areas of state, amid COVID-19 Pandemic.
    1. 4 channels of EDUSAT will be available free of cost on the live television streaming application of Jio- JioTV. It will benefit 52 lakh students in state.
  281. June 23 - United Nations Public Service Day, proclaimed in 2003.
    1. On this occasion, United Nations honoured Kerala Health Minister KK Shailaja for her efforts in fighting the Covid-19 Pandemic.
    2. June 23 is also observed as International Olympics Day and UN International Widows' Day.
    3. June 23 is Death Anniversary of Noted politician Syama Prasad Mukherjee, who founded Bharatiya Jana Sangh (the predecessor to Bharatiya Janata Party).
  282. Cabinet Approvals (June 24, 2020) -
    1. General Approvals -
      1. Approved extension of term of the Commission to examine the issue of Sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes, by 6 months i.e. upto 31-01-2021. Commission was constituted under article 340 of the Constitution with the approval of President on 2nd October, 2017. It is headed by Justice (Retd.) G. Rohini.
      2. Approved Kushinagar Airport in Uttar Pradesh as an International Airport, located in the vicinity of several Buddhist Cultural Sites like Sravasti, Kapilvastu, Lumbini (Kushinagar itself is a Buddhist cultural site).
      3. Approved to bring Urban Cooperative Banks (UCBs) and Multi-State Cooperative Banks (MSCBs) under the supervision of RBI. It means that 8.6 crore depositors of these 1482 UCBs and 58 MSCBs will be able to get added protection against benking defaults.
      4. Approved several reforms in Space sector, aimed at boosting private sector participation in space activities.
        1. Space sector can play a major catalytic role in the technological advancement and expansion of our Industrial base.
        2. Newly created Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) will provide a level playing field for private companies to use Indian space infrastructure.
        3. PSU New Space India Limited (NSIL) will endeavour to re-orient space activities from a ‘supply driven’ model to a ‘demand driven’ model, ensuring optimum utilization of our space assets.
    2. CCEA Approvals -
      1. Approved additional investment of US$ 121.27 million (about Rs.909 crore)  by ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) towards further development of blocks A-1 and A-3 Blocksof Shwe oil & gas project in Myanmar. Indian PSU, GAIL, is also an investor in this project. OVL has invested US$ 722 million till 31st March 2019 in this project.
      2. Approved setting up of Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) worth Rs. 15000 crore, under Atmanirbhar Bharat Mission. AHIDF would facilitate much needed incentivisation of investments in establishment of such infrastructure for dairy and meat processing and value addition infrastructure and establishment of animal feed plant in private sector.
        1. Eligible beneficiaries would be Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), MSMEs, Section 8 Companies, Private Companies and individual entrepreneur with minimum 10% margin money contribution by them. balance 90% would be the loan component to be made available by scheduled banks.
        2. Government will provide 3% interest subvention to eligible beneficiaries. There will be 2 years moratorium period for principal loan amount and 6 years repayment period thereafter.
        3. Government would also set up Credit Guarantee Fund of Rs. 750 crore to be managed by NABARD. Guarantee Coverage would be upto 25% of Credit facility of borrower.
      3. Approved a scheme for interest subvention of 2% for a period of 12 months, to all Shishu loan accounts under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) to eligible borrowers.
        1. Interest subvention would be payable for the months in which the accounts are not in NPA category including for months that the account becomes a performing asset again, after turning NPA.
        2. Estimated cost would be approximately 1542 crores.
        3. Under PMMY, loans for income generating activities up to Rs. 50,000 are termed as Shishu loans.
        4. Scheme will be implemented through Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) and will be in operation for 12 months.
  283. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Visited Russia, along with a 75-member Indian Tri-services contingent, to take part Vistory Day parade on occasion of 75th anniversary of victory in Second World War.
    1. Every year, Victory Day in Russia is celebrated on May 9. However, due to COVID-19 crisis, the parade was postponed this year. It marks surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945.
  284. Pakistan will continue being in FATF Grey List, as decided During 3rd & and last Plenary and Working Groups Meeting of Global anti-money laundering watchdog Financial Action Task Force (FATF) for current FATF plenary year. Pakistan again managed to escape from entering the ‘Blacklist’ despite its continuing failure to act against terrorist organizations.
  285. Internet shutdown in Myanmar's conflict-ridden northwest, described as world's longest, entered second year.
    1. Government had shut down mobile data in several townships across Rakhine state and neighbouring Chin state on June 21, 2019.
  286. China reportedly diverted flow of rivers in certain areas of Nepal-China border, that acted as a natural boundary.
    1. China has diverted flow of rivers for encroachment at 10 Places, with total area of Nepalese land encroached by China around 33 hectares.
    2. China also annexed Nepalese Villages Rui and Teigha.
  287. Coal India subsidiary Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL) will invest 60,000 crores in Odisha. At present, about 30 coal mines are operated by MCL in Odisha.
    1. Company plans to enhance coal production to 300 million tonnes per annum for which it will develop and operate three new MDO (mine, develop and operate) projects in state. One will be at Ib Valley Coalfield of Jharsuguda district. The other 2 projects will be at Talcher coalfield of Angul district.
  288. India became 12th largest holder of United States Government Securities, amounting USD 157.4 billion at the end of April 2020,
    1. Despite low returns, Treasury Securities (are of four types- Bills, Notes, Bonds, Inflation-Protected Securities) backed by US Treasury Department is one of safest assets for any Central Bank around the world.
    2. India’s holding touched an all-time record high of USD 177.5 billion at end of February 2020, which came down later due to COVID-19 Pandemic.
    3. Top 5 Countries as per US Government Security holdings -
      1. Japan- USD 1.266 Trillion
      2. China- USD 1.073 Trillion
      3. United Kingdom- USD 368.5 Billion
      4. Ireland- USD 300.2 Billion
      5. Luxembourg- USD 265.5 Billion
  289. China passed legislation that empowered the Chinese Parliament to draft security laws for Hong Kong, to tighten its grip on Honk Kong by planning to establish a ‘Special Bureau- National Security Office’ in Hong Kong that will have rights to deal with criminal cases and analyze intelligence.
  290. Ishigaki city Authority of Japan has passed bill under which the Tonoshiro area will be renamed as Tonoshiro Senkaku, from Oct 2020.
    1. This has raised tension among China and Japan due to a long standing dispute.
    2. A group of Islands without inhabitants located at the South China Sea has been a point of disagreement between Japan and China since 1972. The island is known by the name Senkakus in Japan, while in the People’s Republic of China the Islands are known by as Diaoyu.
    3. The island group is at present administered by the administrative authority of Ishigaki city of Japan’s Okinawa Prefecture.
    4. Since 1972, China began to declare its ownership over islands based on the fact that the islands were discovered during the 14th century by Chinese Ryukyu Kingdom.
  291. China will join multilateral Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).
    1. China was aong 23 countries in 2013, which abstained from the vote to adopt the treaty at the United Nations.
    2. China has been raising disputes from almost every neighbor, Which Includes -
      1. Curbing autonomy of Hong Kong
      2. Making attempts to administer complete sovereignty in South China Sea.
      3. Raising border conflicts with India.
    3. U.S. President Trump announced in April 2019 that U.S. will never ratify Arms Trade Treaty under his administration.
    4. Under Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), international sales and transfer of conventional arms are regulated as per the global standards. It came into force from 24th December 2014. India has not signed the treaty yet.
  292. Serbia became first country to conduct National Elections, amid Covid-19 Pandemic. Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) coalition, under President Aleksandar Vucic won with large Margin.
  293. India reduced staff strength of Indian High Commission in Islamabad by 50% and has also directed Pakistan to implement the same from its Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi. This downgrading of diplomatic ties is due to -
    1. Pakistan violating Vienna convention with barbaric treatment with two Indian high Commission staff at Islamabad at gunpoint by Pakistan Government officials.
    2. Also, 2 High Commission staff were caught in acts of espionage by Indian Officials. They were expelled from and made to return to Pakistan.
  294. Foundation stone for the first Hindu Temple in Pakistan’s capital city Islamabad was laid, as first to be constructed in Islamabad since Formation of Pakistan. The temple will be devoted to Lord Krishna, named Shri Krishna Mandir.
    1. Construction of temple would cost 10 crore Pakistani Rupee, to be borne by Pakistan Government.
    2. However, the same has been facing opposition by Pakistani extremists and even general Public, which is mostly religiously extremeist.
  295. India pledged USD 10 million to United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), during Extraordinary Virtual Ministerial Pledging Conference for UNRWA.
  296. World Athletics appointed Laurent Boquillet as the Head of Global Development.
  297. Nepal Parliament proposed an amendment in Nepal's Citizenship Act. Under which, a foreign woman marrying a Nepali national will have to wait for 7 years to get naturalised citizenship.
    1. This has been opposed by Nepal's main opposition parties, which stated that it would inconvenience people living in Madhes where cross-border marriages are quite prevalent.
    2. It will also impact Nepal's age-old 'roti-beti' relationship with India. Madheshi are residents of Terai region in the south of Nepal at the foothill of the Himalayas on the border with India in Bihar.
  298. Author Amish Tripathi released his new fiction book Legend of Suheldev: The King Who Saved India.
  299. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) received a patent for its Liquid Cooling and Heating Garment (LCHG), a protective garment for human spaceflight. It is a close fitting long garment that covers entire body as a single piece lightweight comfort inner wear.
  300. June 25 is observed as International Day of Seafarer (DotS).
    1. June 25 is also observed as World Vitiligo Day.
  301. Maharashtra government declared Vithabai Narayangaokar lifetime achievement award to folk artist Gulabbai Sangamnerkar. It consists money prize of Rs 5 lakh.
    1. Sangeetacharya Annasaheb Kirloskar musical theatre lifetime achievement award will be presented upon veteran theatre artist Madhuvanti Dandekar.
  302. RBI Subsidiary IFTAS (Indian Financial Technology & Allied Services) appointed T Rabi Sankar as its Chairman and N Rajendran as CEO.
  303. Cricketer Wasim Jaffer is appointed as head coach of Uttarakhand cricket team. He is most run-getter in Ranji Trophy.
  304. IIT-Bombay Researchers created Indian beneficiary chip “Dhruva”, which can be utilized in cell phones and route gadgets to discover locations and route inside India. Dhruva will get signals from India’s NAVIC group of navigation satellites.
  305. Yes Bank partnered with fintech startup “Affordplan” to launch ‘Swasth Card’, a co-branded healthcare card, under Swasth program.
    1. Yes Bank also launched its digital wallet solution ‘Yuva Pay’, to enable contactless payments for its customers.
  306. FIFA Annouced Australia and New Zealand as hosts for 2023 FIFA Women’s Football World Cup.
  307. Former Gujarat HC Judge Rajesh Shukla is appointed as 5th Lokayukta of Gujarat State.
  308. As per Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MoSPI), India retained its position as third-largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP), behind the US and China.
    1. India accounts for 6.7% ($8,051 billion), out of world's total of $119,547 billion of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in terms of PPP compared to 16.4 % in case of China and 16.3 % for US.
    2. In Asia-Pacific Region, in 2017, India retained its position as second largest economy, accounted for 20.83 % in terms of PPPs where China was first at 50.76% and Indonesia at 7.49% was third.
  309. Following Manchester City’s defeat to Chelsea, Liverpool won 2019-20 English Premier League Football season with 7 games still left in season.
    1. This is first time that Liverpool has won the English Premier League title.
  310. IBMC Financial Professionals Group, US Gold Currency Inc and Blockfills introduced world’s first monetary gold-backed US Gold digital currency in India, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Middle East and Africa.
    1. Each US Gold digital currency is backed by a US American Eagle one ounce (33.931 gram) gold coin, minted by the US Federal Agency.
    2. Holders of currency can redeem their digital assets as physical gold coin or in US dollars anywhere in world.
  311. Adani Power acquired 49% stake in Odisha Power Generation Corporation(OPGC), from affiliates of US-based global energy company AES, for USD 135 million. Remaining 51% stake in OPGC is held by the Government of Odisha.
  312. Rajasthan Govt signed tripartite agreement with Power Grid Corporation of India(POWERGRID) and the Educational Consultants India Limited(EdCIL) to set up smart classrooms in 100 schools.
  313. TATA Sons Chairman Natarajan Chandrasekaran has been re-nominated by Govt as a Part-Time Non-Official Director on RBI Central board for 2 years.
    1. RBI Central Board consists of 21 members.
    2. Currently, RBI’s central board has 15 directors, including Governor and three Deputy Governors.
      1. Governor - Shaktikanta Das
      2. Deputy governors -  M.D. Patra, M. K. Jain, B.P. Kanungo
  314. United Nations World Food Programme (UNWFP) and IIT Delhi Partnered to support state and national governments in achieving food and nutrition security, by using advanced analytics and operations research to develop practical solutions.
  315. World Justice Project (WJP) Rule of Law Index 2020 -
    1. India ranked 69th.
    2. Top 3 - Denmark (1), Norway (2), Finland (3)
      1. Neighbors - China (88), Pakistan (120), Bangladesh (115), Sri Lanka (66)
  316. Ministry of Information Technology blocked 59 foreign apps (prominently chinese), invoking it’s power under section 69A of the Information Technology Act, in view of the emergent nature of threats to sovereignty and integrity of India.
  317. Anandiben Patel (Governor of Uttar Pradesh) has been given additional charge as Governor of Madhya Pradesh.
  318. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) issued consolidated guidelines for classification and registration of MSMEs -
    1. Earlier, Ministry had published a Notification with new criteria for classification of MSMEs based on Investment and Turnover. Revised Limits as per notification -

      Category

      Old

      Capital

      Old

      Turnover

      New

      Capital

      New

      Turnover

      Micro

      25 Lakh

      10 Lakh

      1 Crore

      5 Crore

      Small

      5 Crore

      2 Crore

      10 Crore

      50 Crore

      Medium

      10 crore

      5 Crore

      50 Crore

      250 Crore

    2. MSME has now issued a Notification, giving detailed criteria for classification of MSMEs and the procedure for registration.
      1. It supersedes all earlier notifications issued with regard to classification or registration of MSMEs.
      2. Hereafter, an MSME will be known as Udyam. Accordingly, registration process will be known Udyam Registration.
      3. Udyam Registration can be filed online based on self-declaration with no requirement to upload documents, papers, certificates or proof.
      4. An enterprise can be registered just on the basis of Aadhaar number. Other details can be given on self-declaration basis without any requirement of uploading or submitting any paper.
      5. Exports of goods or services or both shall be excluded while calculating turnover of any MSME Unit.
      6. Ministry of MSME has established a strong facilitation mechanism for MSMEs, in form of Single Window Systems at the district level and regional level. It will help entrepreneurs who are not able to file Udyam Registration.
      7. Ministry’s recent initiative of Champions Control Rooms are responsible for facilitating such Entrepreneurs in registration and even thereafter.
  319. Government notified new RBI Issued Floating Rate Savings Bonds 2020 Scheme, in place of 7.75 percent Savings Bonds 2018, which ceased for subscription from May 28, 2020. Features - 

    Sl. No.

    Item

    Details

    1

    Issue price/ Denomination/ Minimum Subscription

    The Bonds will be issued at parat Rs.100/-for a minimum amount of Rs.1000/- (nominal value) and in multiples thereof.

    2

    Maximum limit

    There will be no maximum limit for investment in the Bonds.

    3

    Payment option

    Subscription to Bonds will be in the form of Cash (uptoRs.20,000 only)/drafts/cheques or any electronic mode acceptable to the Receiving Office.

    4

    Repayment/Tenor

    The Bonds shall be repayable on the expiration of 7 (Seven) years from the date of issue.

    5

    Interest Rate(Floating)

    The interest on the bonds is payable semi-annually on 1st Jan and 1st July every year.The coupon on 1st January 2021 shall be paid at 7.15%. Interest rate for next half-year will be reset every six months.

    6

    Tax treatment

    Interest on the Bonds will be taxable under Income-tax Act 1961.

    7

    Brokerage/Commission

    Brokerage at the rate of 0.5% of the amount mobilized will be paid to the Receiving Offices and they shall share at least 50% of the brokerage so received with brokers/sub brokers registered with them.

  320. Anti - Submarine Warfare capability of Indian Navy received a boost with conclusion of a contract for Advanced Torpedo Decoy System Maareech, capable of being fired from all frontline warships, Developed at DRDO labs (NSTL and NPOL).
    1. Bharat Electronics Limited, a Defence PSU, would undertake production of this decoy system.
  321. PSU NTPC recorded highest ever commercial capacity addition of 8260 MW in FY 20 (2019-20), which includes acquisition of 2970 MW capacity of THDC and NEEPCO. NTPC now has  group installed capacity of 62110 MW.
  322. President Ram Nath Kovind promulgated Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020. It amends Banking Regulation Act, 1949 as applicable to Cooperative Banks.
    1. It seeks to protect interests of depositors and strengthen cooperative banks by improving governance by extending powers already available with RBI in respect of other banks to Co-operative Banks as well.
    2. The amendments do not affect existing powers of the State Registrars of Co-operative Societies under state co-operative laws.
    3. The amendments do not apply to Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) or co-operative societies.
  323. Scientists from Institute of Nano Science & Technology Mohali (INST) synthesized a novel inorganic-organic hybrid compound that can inhibit breast, lung, and liver cancer cells, opening up new possibilities for metallodrugs.
    1. The solid compound based on phosphomolybdate cluster, an inorganic salt of phosphomolybdic acid, belongs to the Polyoxometalates (POMs) family, which had earlier been identified to have antitumor potential.
  324. National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) and Goa University (GU) synthesized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) using psychrotolerant Antarctic bacteria  through a non-toxic, low-cost, and eco-friendly way.
    1. Through this study, NCPOR and GU have established that 20-30-nm-sized spherical-shaped GNPs could be synthesized in a controlled environment. These GNPs can be used as a composite therapeutic agent clinical trials, especially in anti-cancer, anti-viral, anti-diabetic, and cholesterol-lowering drugs.
    2. The NCPOR-GU study revealed genotoxic effect of GNPs on a sulphate reducing bacteria (SRB). GNPs displayed enough anti-bacterial properties by inhibiting the growth of SRB and its sulphide production by damaging genetic information of DNA of bacterial cell.
    3. Genotoxicity describes property of a chemical agent that is capable of damaging genetic information of DNA and causing mutation of cell, which can lead to cancer.
  325. Minister for Food Processing Industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal launched PM Formalization of Micro Food Processing Enterprises (PM FME) scheme, as a part of “Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan”.
    1. It would generate investment of 35000 crores and generate 9 lakh skilled and semi-skilled employment and benefit 8 lakh units through access to information, training, better exposure and formalization.
    2. It will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 with an outlay of Rs 10,000 crore. Expenditure would be shared in 60:40 ratio between Central and State Governments, in 90:10 ratio with North Eastern and Himalayan States, 60:40 ratio with UTs with legislature and 100% by Centre for other UTs.
    3. Scheme adopts One District One Product (ODODP) approach to reap benefit of scale in terms of procurement of inputs, availing common services and marketing of products.
    4. Existing Individual micro food processing units desirous of upgradation of their unit can avail credit-linked capital subsidy @35% of the eligible project cost with a maximum ceiling of Rs.10 lakh per unit.
    5. Seed capital @ Rs. 40,000/- per SHG member would be provided for working capital and purchase of small tools.
    6. FPOs/ SHGs/ producer cooperatives would be provided credit linked grant of 35% for capital investment along the value chain.
    7. Operation Greens Scheme has been extended from tomato, onion and potato (TOP) crops to other notified horticulture crops for providing subsidy for their transportation and storage from surplus production area to major consumption centres.
  326. June 26 - International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, Proclaimed by United Nation General Assembly in December 1987 and Observed since 1989. 2020 Theme is Better Knowledge for Better Care.
    1. June 26 is also observed as International Day in Support of Victims of Torture.
  327. India signed 2 World Bank loan agreements to help low-income groups in Tamil Nadu get access to affordable housing. Projects are -
    1. $200 million First Tamil Nadu Housing Sector Strengthening Program
    2. $50 million Tamil Nadu Housing and Habitat Development Project
  328. Concession agreement was signed between Kholongchhu Hydro Energy Limited and Royal Government of Bhutan.
    1. Project will be located on Kholongchhu River in Eastern Bhutan’s Trashiyangtse District, with 600 MW capacity and expected to be completed by end of 2025.
    2. For development of this Hydroelectric project, a joint venture between Bhutan’s Druk Green Power Corporation and India’s Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited was formed in June 2015, named Kholongchhu Hydro Energy Limited.
  329. Andhra Pradesh Government will take up the construction of 3 Million (30 lakh) houses under the YSR Jagananna Colonies project after distributing house sites to the beneficiaries on 8th July 2020.
    1. Jagananna Colonies is part of the State Government’s Navratnalu- Pedalandariki Illu (houses for all the poor) Program.
    2. State government will bear around Rs 10,000 to Rs 11,000 crore.
    3. The house sites will be provided at Rs 1 to the selected white Ration Card beneficiaries.
  330. Lazarus Chakwera elected as the new President of Malawi (East Africa).
  331. World Bank Group announced loan of USD 500 million for improving quality and governance of school education system in India, Under STARS Program.
    1. It will benefit 10 million teachers and 250 million school students across 1.5 million schools in 6 states - Rajasthan, Odisha, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, and Maharashtra.
  332. Tripartite Power Purchase Agreement (TPPA) signed between Pakistan, China Three Gorges Corporation and Government of Pakistan occupied Kashmir, for construction of 1124 MW Kohala Hydro Power Project. It is part of China Pakistan Economic Corridor.
  333. A consensus has been reached between Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt over USD 4.5 billion worth Giant Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, and dam will not be filled unilaterally by Ethiopia.
    1. This is expected to enhance regional stability in Horn of Africa.
    2. In 2011, when Ethiopia started construction for the dam on the Blue Nile, Egypt immediately protested. As the Blue Nile which originated from Lake Tana in Ethiopia flows downstream through Sudan to Egypt. Egypt is dependent on the Nile River for freshwater estimated that the dam might block its annual share of water resources of 55.5 billion cubic meters.
  334. Voting for Constitutional Reforms began in Russia, to allow Putin to rule till 2036.
    1. Putin’s current term as President ends in 2024. Putin in early 2020 had announced amendments to 14 articles under the 1993 Constitution of Russia, calling a nationwide referendum.
    2. As per amendments, term of the current (Vladimir Putin) and former (Dmitry Medvedev from 2008-2012) President of Russia will be reset or counted from 0 from 2024 so that either of them can be elected as President again in 2024.
    3. At present, a person can serve as President of Russia for maximum of 2 consecutive terms, with length 6 years.
  335. A webinar conducted by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to mark 5 years of completion of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), Smart Cities Mission (SCM), Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Urban (PMAY-U). These schemes were launched on June 25, 2015.
    1. AMRUT -
      1. It aims at ensuring universal coverage of drinking water supply and substantial improvement in coverage and treatment capacities of sewerage and septage, along with storm water drainage, non-motorized urban transport and green spaces & parks.
      2. It covers more than 60% of urban population, with State Annual Action Plans (SAAPs) worth 77,640 crore approved.
      3. Projects worth 10,654 crores completed and 65,175 crore in advanced stages of implementation. 39,011 crore allocated for drinking water supply projects, and 32,546 crores approved for sewerage and septage projects.
      4. Mission helped cities to undertake a set of 11 reforms comprising 54 milestones aimed at strengthening capacities of city level institutions for effective governance and citizen service delivery.
    2. Smart Cities Mission -
      1. It aims to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, and application of ‘Smart’ solutions.
      2. As of now, value of tendered smart city projects is over 1,66,000 crores, the value of work orders issued is about 1,25,000 crores and the value of all completed projects is more than 27,000 crores. 180% growth in the completed project in the last one year.
      3. 47 Operational Integrated Command and Control Centres (ICCC) helped cities in their fight against COVID.
      4. Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP)’ is designed for all ULBs and Smart City SPVs to engage fresh graduates as interns.
      5. ClimateSmart Cities and DataSmart Cities are two important programs under Mission.
      6. 114 India cities participated in Ease of Living and Municipal Performance Index. Top 20 cities have been paired as ‘Sister cities’ with 20 cities who were behind in ranking.
      7. Mission is supporting interested cities in raising finance through Municipal Bonds. Recently, 6 cities were selected for technical assistance from US Treasury department to raise municipal bonds.
    3. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U) -
      1. It aims to provide pucca house to all eligible beneficiaries of Urban India by 2022, with vision of ‘Housing for All’.
      2. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) received a validated demand of about 1.12 Cr houses under PMAY (U). Approvals for 1.05 Cr houses have already been sanctioned, of which 65 lakhs are grounded and 35 lakhs have been delivered.
      3. Number of houses sanctioned in last 5 years under Mission is almost eight times more than those sanctioned under earlier urban housing schemes during earlier 10 years.
      4. National Urban Housing Fund has been created to mobilize 60,000 Cr through Extra Budgetary Resources over and above budgetary allocation for the Mission.
      5. Through Credit Link Subsidy Scheme (CLSS), for the first time, Middle Income Group (MIG) is being provided benefits for their housing needs.
      6. 6 Light House Projects implemented in six states, which will act as live laboratories demonstrating innovative technologies for speedier and cost-effective construction of eco-friendly houses.
      7. In 2019, MoHUA launched Angikaar campaign for change management in over 4000 cities, which addressed and enabled beneficiaries to adapt to life transformation that comes with shifting to a newly constructed house.
      8. An Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs) scheme for providing ease of living to Urban Migrants/ Poor has been announced in May 2020.
      9. Employment for approximately 1.65 Cr citizens has been generated through forward and backward linkages.
    4. Other key announcements at the Webinar -
      1. National Urban Learning Platform - A platform for digitally consolidating key skills and knowledge required for capacity building.
      2. NIUA Climate Center for Cities (C3) - Setup to institutionalize learnings from experiences in our cities on climate change.
      3. NIUA Center for Digital Governance (CDG)  - An initiative to take forward digital efforts of MoHUA and become anchor to accelerate digital transformation of urban governance across all States and Cities.
      4. City Finance Portal - First time effort of getting financial Statements of all cities on single platform.
      5. Cycles4Change Challenge - An initiative of Smart Cities Missionto inspire and support Indian cities to quickly implement cycling-friendly initiatives in response to COVID-19.
  336. Gujarat Government launched an online cash aid initiative for over 12000 MSME Units in State, named as ‘At One Click’. The initiative committed Rs 1,369 crore of financial aid for the MSMEs and bigger industrial units, to restore former vibrancy of state.
  337. Lower house of US Congress, the House of Representatives approved a Bill that would grant United States capital Washington D.C statehood for first time since it was created 230 years ago.
    1. However, with Presidential Elections approaching, it seems unlikely to come into force as chances for Bill to advance at Senate (Upper House of US Congress) seem unlikely.
    2. Also, US President Trump made it clear that he would ‘veto’ the Bill even if it is passed at Senate.
    3. In 1790, Washington D.C (District of Columbia) was carved out from the states of Virginia and Maryland.
  338. June 27 - International MSME Day, being observed since 2017
  339. Vini Mahajan has been appointed as First Female Chief Secretary of Punjab.
  340. NASA named it’s headquarter building at Washington D.C after its first African American Female Engineer Mary W.Jackson.
    1. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics recruited Mary W.Jackson in 1951. Committee was replaced by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958.
  341. Russian Company S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia (RSC Energia) will take first tourist for a spacewalk in 2023, RSC Energia signed a deal with US Based Space Adventures.
    1. RSC Energia is a part of the Roscosmos (Russia’s space agency).
    2. As per the deal, two tourists will be sent to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2023.
    3. In 2001, Dennis Tito (US businessman) became the World’s First Private Space Explorer (first paying space tourist in the world).
  342. Tripura Govt announced to launch scheme named Mukhyamantri Matru Pushti Uphaar, under which nutrition Kits will be provided to pregnant and lactating women, along with Central Government’s Pradhan Mantri Matru Bandana Yojana also staying applicable in state.
    1. A pregnant woman will be eligible for 4 such Nutrition Kits, containing food and grocery items. Each Nutrition Kit would cost Rs 500 to State Government.
  343. Uttar Pradesh government will form a dedicated security force to ensure security of Govt units in state, named Uttar Pradesh Special Security Force (UPSSF). It will be similar to Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).
  344. Chhattisgarh CM Bhupesh Baghel launched Godhan Nyay Yojana, aiming to make animal husbandry commercially profitable, prevent open grazing by cattle and solve problem of stray animals on roads and for environment conservation.
    1. State Govt will procure cow dung from cow breeders and farmers,becoming first state to do so.
  345. US Senate passed a bill that seeks to impose sanctions on China for its decision to implement controversial national security law in Hong Kong.
    1. Bill comprises two measures, one of which- the Hong Kong Autonomy Act, aims to impose sanctions on individuals and businesses that help China restrict autonomy of Hong Kong.
    2. The second measure condemns China for violating Sino-British Joint Declaration signed in 1984 to guarantee autonomy for Hong Kong.
  346. Indian umpire Nitin Menon has been inducted into International Cricket Council’s Elite Panel of Umpires for 2020-21 season, replacing England’s umpire Nigel Llong.
  347. Micheal Martin has been elected as new Prime Minister of Ireland, replacing Leo Varadkar.
  348. Maharashtra Government introduced “Maha Parwana” plan to attract fresh investment in industries.
    1. Companies with investment proposals for over 50 crores will get relaxation on getting clearances from multiple departments with assurance letters (Maha Parwana).
    2. Industries enrolled under Maha Parwana will get 25 odd statutory permissions and clearances from the other state departments within 30 days.
  349. As per Swiss National Bank (SNB) Annual banking statistics, 2019 -
    1. India moved down three places to 77th rank in terms of money parked by its citizens in Swiss Banks. Indian Funds parked in Swiss banks fell by 5.8 per cent in 2019 to 899 million Swiss francs (Rs 6,625 crore).
    2. Neighbors - Pakistan (99th), Bangladesh (85th), Nepal (118th), Sri Lanka (148th), China (22nd).
  350. Former England Cricketer Clare Connor is to become first female president of 233 year old Marylebone Cricket Club. She will replace Kumar Sangakkara from October 1, 2021. Sangakkara is first non-British MCC president.
  351. Bengaluru’s Kempegowda International Airport became First Airport in india to get indigenously-developed Aviation Weather Monitoring System. It has been developed by Bengaluru-based CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL).
  352. June 28 is Birth Anniversary of P. V. Narasimha Rao, 9th Prime Minister of India.
  353. Times Higher Education (THE)  Young University Rankings 2020, for universities which are under 50 years old. 
    1. 2 Indian Institutes named in top 100 - IIT Ropar (62nd rank) and IIT Indore at 64th rank.
    2. Top 5 -
      Rank Name Country
      1 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) Hong Kong
      2 Nanyang Technological University Singapore
      3 Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University France
      4 Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies Italy
      5 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) South Korea
  354. RedDots team of astronomers Research led by University of Göttingen (Germany) detected a system of super-Earth planets orbiting the nearby star Gliese 887, the brightest red dwarf star in the sky.
    1. Super-Earths are planets which have mass higher than Earth but substantially below those of our local ice giants, Uranus and Neptune.
    2. Team monitored red dwarf, using HARPS spectrograph at European Southern Observatory in Chile. They used a technique known as "Doppler wobble", which enables measuring tiny back and forth wobbles of star caused by gravitational pull of planets.
    3. Regular signals correspond to orbits of just 9.3 and 21.8 days, indicating two super-Earths - Gliese 887b and Gliese 887c - both larger than Earth yet moving rapidly.
    4. Gliese 887 is one of closest stars to the Sun at around 11 light years away.
  355. According to Global Startup Ecosystem Report (GSER) 2020 by Startup Genome -
    1. Bangalore included in world’s top-30 startup ecosystem ranking, ranking 26th. Delhi ranks 36th.
    2. While California’s Silicon Valley topped the list.
  356. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) has set up a fund named Swavalamban Crisis Responsive Fund, to support free onboarding for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) on trade receivables discounting system (TReDS).
    1. Usually, an MSME has to pay a fee of Rs 5,000 to Rs 10,000 for getting registered on a TReDS platform. For now, Free onboarding of MSMEs would be available till September end.
    2. Three TReDS platforms -- Receivables Exchange of India Ltd (RXIL), M1xchange and Invoicemart -- will help MSMEs gain access to working capital through invoice discounting via multiple financiers.
    3. TReDS is an electronic platform where receivables of MSMEs drawn against buyers, are financed through multiple financiers at competitive rates through an auction mechanism.
  357. June 29 is observed as National Statistics Day in India, as 13th edition of this day. 2019 Theme is SDG- 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) & SDG- 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls).
    1. It is celebrated annually on occasion of Birth anniversary of India’s eminent statistician, Late Prof Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.
    2. In 2019, Ministry instituted a new award, namely Prof. P.C. Mahalanobis National Award in Official Statistics.
    3. Ministry recognises outstanding contribution for high quality research work in field of applied and theoretical statistics benefitting official statistical system through Prof. C. R. Rao and Prof. P. V. Sukhatme awards, awarded in alternate years.
  358. As per a SBI Report, Covid-19 pandemic is likely to bring down India’s per capita income (PCI) by 5.4 % in FY 21 (2020-21), to Rs 1.43 lakh from Rs 1.52 lakh in FY20.
    1. This decline in PCI is higher than the nominal GDP decline of 3.8 per cent.
    2. Delhi, Chandigarh, and Gujarat will be the worst hit with PCI falling 15.4 per cent, 13.9 per cent and 11.6 per cent.
    3. SBI has projected GDP decline of 6.8 % for FY21 (2020-21) and expects a ‘statistical V-shaped recovery ’ in FY22 (2021-22).
  359. 8 sitting Lok Sabha members and 2 Rajya Sabha members will be presented Sansad Ratna Awards 2020 under various categories.
    1. Also Srikakulam TDP MP K Ram Mohan Naidu created record as youngest MP to be honoured with Sansad Ratna Award.
  360. Maharashtra government declared 29.53 square kilometre (sq km) area, comprising 10 villages in Dodamarg taluka, Sindhudurg district, as the Tillari Conservation Reserve
    1. This is first notified conservation reserve along the Konkan coast and the seventh in the state.
  361. Maharashtra government appointed Sanjay Kumar as new state chief secretary.
  362. National Green Tribunal (NGT) ordered for a high-level committee to look into recent blowout at an Oil India Ltd (OIL) well in Baghjan, Assam. It also asked the public sector company to deposit Rs 25 crore for damages caused.
  363. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has formulated a 9-member working group(WG) headed by Anjan Dey to suggest insurance products covering various risks involved in the use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft System(RPAS)/ Drones.
  364. Andhra Pradesh Govt launched Kapu Nestham schemem, which will now provide financial assistance of Rs 15,000 to women belonging to Kapu community, in age group of 45-60.
  365. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) Report on Inclusion and Education: All Means All, assessing progress towards Sustainable Developments Goal 4 on education and other SDG agendas related to education -
    1. Report estimates that around 40% of low and lower-middle income countries have not provided any support to the disadvantaged students during lockdown due to COVID-19 situations, and the educatonal divide has increased.
  366. Telangana CM K Chandrashekhar Rao Launched sixth phase of Haritha Haram Programme, By planting a sapling of a Black Plum at Medak districts Narsapur forest. He also inaugurated a 636 acre Urban Forest Park at Narsapur.
    1. Under 6th phase, target is to plant 30 crore saplings across state.
    2. It was launched on 3rd July 2015, aiming to increase forest cover in state to 33 % from 24 % in 2015, by plating 230 crore saplings across state.
  367. Minister of Health & Family Welfare Harsh Vardhan launched eBloodServices mobile App, developed by E-Raktkosh team of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), under aegis of Indian Red Cross Society.
    1. Through this App, four units of blood can be requisitioned at a time and the blood bank will wait for as long as 12 hours for the person to collect it. This app makes it easy for those in need to request for Blood units at IRCS NHQ.
  368. General Conferences (Jun 21-30, 2020) -
    1. Madhya Kshetra Vidyut Vitaran Company launched Nishtha Vidyut Mitra Scheme for women empowerment. Under this, women Self-Help Groups at Gram Panchayat level will work as Nishtha Vidyut Mitra.
    2. Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel Dharmendra Pradhan inaugurated a Product Application & Development Centre (PADC) setup by Indian Oil at Paradip (Odisha). There are 4 laboratories in PADC namely Polymer Processing Lab, Analytical Testing Lab, Chemical Analysis Lab and Characterisation Lab.
    3. Tripura government launched a scheme for school students, named ‘Ektu Khelo, Ektu Padho’ –meaning ‘Play Little, Study Little’.
    4. Cannes Film Festival launched 5 days long first online edition of Marché du Film 2020 (Cannes Film Market). Marché du Film is business arm of Cannes Film Festival. Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar inaugurated Virtual India Pavilion at Cannes Film Market 2020.
    5. India’s largest 1st Virtual Healthcare & Hygiene EXPO 2020 has been held, organised by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI).
    6. World Bank has approved a loan amount of USD 500 million to Bangladesh, for improving road connectivity along Jashore-Jhenaidah corridor that will benefit 4 western districts of Bangladesh.
      1. Few days earlier, World Bank had approved a USD 1.05 billion for helping economy of Bangladesh during Pandemic.
    7. Ministry of Culture announced to celebrate a 2-week long tree plantation campaign called ‘Sankalp Parva’ from 28th June to 12th July 2020. Under this, Ministry has recommended planting 5 tress - Bargad, Awla, Pepal, Ashok and Bel. These 5 trees represent the herbal heritage of the country.
    8. As per a 2016 MoU signed between Andhra Pradesh Government and Gurugram based Apollo Tyres, company has commissioned Manufacturing plant spread over 256 acres in chittor district, built with investment of 3,800 crores.
    9. Jitendra Singh (Minister of State for Development of NE Region) inaugurated BRO constructed bridges- Devika and Puneja. Devika bridge is located at Udhampur of Jammu & Kashmir, fulfilling 70-year-old demand of locals. Puneja bridge is located in Bhaderwah town in Doda district of Jammu & Kashmir.
    10. Minister of Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda launched tribes India products on Government e-Marketplace - GeM and a new website of TRIFED.
    11. India developed an indigenous vehicle-mounted ultra-low volume (ULV) sprayer for locust control. Currently, sole supplier of vehicle-mounted sprayers is the UK-based Micron Sprayers.
    12. Minister of Steel &Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan inaugurated “Continuous Galvanized Rebar” Production Facility set up by Madhav Alloys in Mandi Gobindgarh (Punjab).
    13. G20 Extraordinary Virtual Education Ministers’ Meeting held virtually, to address widespread disruptions caused by COVID-19 pandemic in education sector. HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ represented India.
    14. FPI Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal chaired second series of Food Processing Edition of Exclusive Investment Forum by Invest India. First investment forum was held on 22nd June 2020.
    15. PM Narendra Modi has launched a 125-day campaign that will provide employment migrant and daily wage workers in Uttar Pradesh, called Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Abhiyan. 5000 tool kits will be distributed under this Initiative in the state.
    16. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh launched a new web portal for issue of No Objection Certificate (NOC) for power projects and Research Survey Exploration Exploitation (RSEE) activities in Indian Territorial Waters (TW) and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
    17. Actress Priyanka Chopra and filmmaker Anurag Kashyap named among 50 ambassadors at 45th edition Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) 2020. This year, 45th edition Toronto International Film Festival is to be held virtually.
    18. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways notifified amendment to FORM 1 and FORM 1A of Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989, enabling the Citizens with mild to medium colour blindness in obtaining Driving License.
    19. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) began exploring untapped venture of sandalwood and bamboo tree plantation for monetization of its assets, with plantation of 500 saplings each of sandalwood and bamboo at its Nashik training center.
    20. Jammu & Kashmir Administration approved changing name of State Agriculture department to Agriculture Production & Farmers Welfare Department.
    21. Girish Chandra Murmu, lieutenant governor of UT of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) rolled out 2 customized loan schemes of J&K Bank - J&K Bank Business Support Loan Scheme 2019-20 AND J&K Bank Business Support Loan Scheme 2019-20 for Hotels and Guest Houses.
    22. US President Donald Trump signed an executive order to protect the nation’s monuments and statues from vandalism.
  369. Misc. Sports Events (June 2020) -
    1. Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Kiren Rijju inaugurated India Community Coach Development Programme, as a 25-day long programme for community coaches and PE teachers all over country.
      1. He also launched Khelo India e-Pathshala programme, as India's first National-level open online coaching and education programme for grassroot level athletes across India.
    2. Hockey India recommended Women Team Captain Rani Rampal for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award. Vandana Kataria, Monika and Harmanpreet Singh were recommended for Arjuna Award.
      1. Also, Boxing Federation of India (BFI) nominated Amit Panghal and Vikas Krishan for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award.
      2. Earlier, BCCI had Nominated Rohit Sharma for Rajiv Gandi Khel Ratna Award.
      3. Also, All India Football Federation (AIFF) recommended former skipper IM Vijayan for Padma Shri Award.
      4. Also, Badminton Association of India (BAI) recommended Kidambi Srikanth for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, after he gave his apology to federation for his misconduct during Asian Championship earlier in 2020.
    3. Commonwealth Games gold-medallist Indian weightlifter K Sanjita Chanu has been cleared of doping charge by the International Weightlifting Federation due to “non-conformities” in handling of her sample.
    4. International Association of Athletics Federations's Athletics Integrity Unit (AIU) banned Indian runner Gomathi Marimuthu for 4-years after she tested positive for banned substances.
    5. Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) banned Former European high jump champion Alexander Shustov (Russia) for 4-years for doping.
    6. Shakhriyar Mamedyarov of Azerbaijan has won World Stars Sharjah Online International Chess Championship. Indian Grandmaster Pentala Harikrishna finished second.
    7. International Tennis Federation Named India’s Niki Poonacha as a player member to ITF World Tennis Tour Player Men’s panels.
    8. World Karate Federation (WKF) provisionally de-recognised Karate Association of India(KAI), for infighting and violating WKF statutes during its 2019 elections.
    9. Indian Weightlifting Federation (IWLF) informed that K. Sanjita Chanu will receive Arjuna Award for 2018, after the two time Commonwealth Games Gold medalist was cleared of doping charges.
    10. Rahul Dravid named greatest Indian Test batsman as per a poll by Wisden India, getting past Sachin Tendulkar by a narrow margin.
  370. Misc. Appointments (June 2020) -
    1. Virendra Nath Datt Appointed as Chairman & Managing Director of PSU National Fertilizers Limited.
    2. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) reconstituted its advisory committee on service providers. It would now be chaired by Manipal Global Education Services Chairman T V Mohandas Pai.
    3. New Indian Ambassadors -
      1. Raveesh Kumar - Finland
      2. Sushil Kumar Singhal - Papua New Guinea.
      3. Sibi George - Kuwait.
      4. Gaitri I. Kumar - United Kingdom.
      5. Rahul Shrivastava - Romania.
      6. Monika Mohta - Switzerland.
      7. Shambhu S. Kumaran - Philippines
      8. Santosh Jha - Belgium. He will also be accredited as Ambassador of India to the European Union.
      9. Vijay Khanduja - Zimbabwe.
    4. RBI approved extension of tenure for Lakshmi Vilas Bank (LVB) MD and CEO Subramanian Sundar by 6 months.
    5. Twitter appointed ex-Google CFO Patrick Pichette as new board chairman.
    6. Universal Sompo General Insurance Company Appointed Sharad Mathur as its MD & CEO.
    7. NBFC India Infoline Finance Limited (IIFL) Appointed Cricketer Rohit Sharma as its first-ever brand ambassador.
    8. Biswajit Dasgupta is appointed as Chief of Staff of Eastern Naval Command of Indian Navy.
    9. President Ram Nath Kovind has appointed Javed Iqbal Wani as a Judge of Jammu and Kashmir High Court. Gita Mittal is current chief justice of J&K High Court.
    10. Google Appointed India's Prabhakar Raghavan as head Google Search and Assistant.
    11. UTI Mutual Fund appointed Imtaiyazur Rahman as its Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
    12. Attorney General of India, KK Venugopal's term has been extended by one year.
    13. Anmol Narang becacme 1st observant Sikh to graduate from distinguished United States (US) Military Academy.
    14. Devendra Kumar Singh has been appointed as Central Government nominee Director on Board of Directors of Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI). Mohammad Mustafa is MD and CEO of SIDBI.
    15. Former SC judge DK Jain will continue as Board of Control for Cricket in India’s ethics officer and ombudsman, after getting 1 year extension.
    16. RBI approved re-appointment of Kaizad Bharucha as Executive Director of HDFC Bank.
    17. Nirakar Pradhan is appointed as new as CEO of Professional Risk Managers’ International Association (PRMIA).
    18. Jaideep Nandi is appointed as new MD of Bajaj Consumer Care.
    19. Indian-origin chief of London Stock Exchange, Nikhil Rathi is appointed as new chief executive of UK’s Financial Conduct Authority.
  371. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Updates (June 2020) -
    1. National -
      1. DRDO's Delhi based Unit Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS) developed a disinfection unit named Ultra Swachh to disinfect a wide range of materials, including Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs), electronics items, fabrics, etc.
      2. Delhi Govt launched Delhi Corona App, to provide all required information that are related to ventilators and hospital beds.
      3. Central Drug Control Standard Organisation (CDCSO) permitted Gilead Sciences for marketing authorization of its anti-viral drug ‘Remdesivir’. The drug has been permitted for the restricted emergency use on hospitalised COVID-19 patients only.
      4. Gujarat became first state to complete migration of workers to their home state through Shramik Special trains.
      5. Karnataka Launched Covid-19 data tracking platform, developed by NASSCOM.
      6. Researchers at Lovely Professional University developed a multipurpose algae-based respirator called Oxigeno, which can filter out harmful gasses and small particles in air, while increasing amount of oxygen passing through it.
      7. Amid Flaws in global supplies of nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory Pune has developed an indigenous NP swab for collecting samples from throat cavity of COVID-19 patients.
      8. Ministry of AYUSH recommended homeopathic drug Arsenicum album for COVID-19 Treatment. It is made by heating arsenic in distilled water.
      9. DRDO developed SUMERU PACS, that helps to reduce sweating of Personal Protective Equipment wearers, as PPEs feel very uncomfortable after wearing them for over 30 minutes.
      10. International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) and MEKINS Industries have co-developed a UVC-based Cabinet for disinfecting non-critical hospital items, laboratory wear, and PPEs in research laboratories to prevent surface contamination of COVID 19.
      11. National Institute of Pharmaceuticals Education and Research (NIPER) Guwahati signed MoU with PSU Hindustan Antibiotic Limited, for large scale industrial-grade manufacturing and commercialization of their 3D printed antimicrobial face-shields, to control spread of novel coronavirus.
      12. Pune based Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT) developed Nano-Technology based disinfectant spray to fight against COVID-19, named ANANYA.
      13. Lieutenant Governor of Delhi Anil Bajlal ruled over Delhi Government order of reserving government and private hospitals in the Nation Capital only for Delhiites and allow COVID-19 test only for symptomatic patients.
      14. Govt launched COVID BEEP, as first physiological parameter monitoring system for COVID-19 patients, developed by IIT Hyderabad and ESIC Medical College Hyderabad.
        1. COVID BEEP is Continuous Oxygenation and Vital Information Detection Biomed ECIL ESIC Pod. It is first indigenous wireless cost-effective parameter monitoring system.
      15. IIT-BHU Researchers developed an anti-microbial five-layered face mask, which can annihilate pathogenic microorganisms that are stuck to its outer surface and thereby limit spread of secondary infections.
      16. Kerala Based VST Mobility Solutions launched an automated mask disposal machine as part of efforts to develop products helping to combat Covid-19. The disposal device, named BIN-19, is developed using technology from Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST),
        1. IoT (Internet of Things) based BIN-19 is used for collecting and disinfecting Used Face-Mask.
      17. Researchers at Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) developed a new low-cost and low-tech required test for SARS-CoV-2 testing. This test is known as reverse transcription nested PCR (RT-nPCR) test.
        1. This test does not require real-time quantitative RT-qPCR.
        2. RT-nPCR developed by the CCMB research team has shown comparable performance to the standard RT-qPCR test.
      18. Punjab Government launched Ghar Ghar Nigrani mobile application to undertake house to house surveillance to eliminate COVID-19 pandemic.
      19. DRDO developed ‘GermiKlean’, as a sanitising chamber that can be used to sanitise uniforms of security and police personnel.
      20. Researchers of IIT Kharagpur have developed an Artificial Intelligence based cyber-physical system to monitor social distancing in public places.
      21. Kerala government canceled this year’s Sabarimala annual festival, amid security concerns due to COVID-19 Outbreak.
      22. IIT Guwahati developed an application called “Flyzy” for consistent and contactless air travel during COVID-19 pandemic.
      23. Health and Family Welfare Minister Harsh Vardhan launched India’s first mobile I-Lab (Infectious disease diagnostic lab) for coronavirus COVID-19 testing for last-mile testing access. It can perform 25 COVID-19 RT-PCR tests/Day, 300 ELISA tests/day, additional tests for TB, HIV etc.
      24. Govt launched device called GermiBAN, that kills viruses & other germs by sterilising, sanitising & disinfecting in large areas.
      25. National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) licensed manufacturing know-how of PPE Suit being named as NavRakshak (Developed by Indian Navy) to 5 MSME clients.
      26. IIT Guwahati in association with RR Animal Healthcare Ltd and Guwahati Medical College and Hospital (GMCH), has developed low-cost diagnostic kits - Viral Transport Media (VTM) kits, RT-PCR kits, and RNA isolation kits.
      27. For treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 positive patients, oral antiviral drug ‘Favipiravir (Fabiflu)’ was approved by Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) to Mumbai based Glenmark Pharmaceuticals.
      28. Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) launched a mobile application “Air-Venti” to help Mumbai residents to know about availability of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) beds and Ventilators in hospitals around them.
      29. Amid COVID-19 Pandemic, Telangana Government promulgated Disaster and Public Health Emergency (Special Provisions) Ordinance 2020, which allowed it to defer salaries and pensions of its employees, pensioner, institution etc and other dues in event of disaster and public health emergency in State.
      30. At centuries-old historic Kamakhya Temple at Guwahati, for the first time in six centuries of record available from 1565, the 5 days Ambubachi Mela will not be organized due by COVID-19 Pandemic.
      31. World’s largest Convalescent Plasma Therapy Trial project launched by Maharashtra Government, named Platina. ICMR has approved to conduct plasma therapy in COVID-19 positive patients, in absence of a definite treatment for COVID-19.
      32. To treat COVID-19 patients, Delhi govt announced a ‘Plasma Bank’ to be set up at Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS).
      33. To control spread of COVID-19, Madhya Pradesh Govt to launch a campaign called ‘Kill Corona’ from July 2020, under which door-to-door Survey will be conducted.
    2. International -
      1. Costa Rica and World Health Organization launched C-TAP (COVID-19 Technology Access Pool), as an one-stop shop for information, scientific knowledge and intellectual property for global community.
      2. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and ETH Zurich developed SwissCovid, first of its kind for digital contact tracing app utilizing Exposure Notification API of Apple and Google, to track spread of coronavirus. Latvia also developed a similar app “Apturi Covid”.
      3. G20 Member countries pledged more than $21 billion to fight COVID-19 pandemic.
      4. New Zealand declared itself COVID-free on June 8, 2020 after recovery of its last coronavirus patient.
      5. United Kingdom’s economy shrank by record 20.4 percent in April 2020, amid strict lockdown to combat COVID-19.
      6. Bangladesh Government launched an online network to facilitate plasma exchange between recovered patients of COVID-19 and those undergoing treatment for Corona infection in country, Named Shohojodha.
      7. US suspended ‘Green Cards and Non-Migrant Work Visas’ till 31st December 2020, to protect jobs of US citizens amid COVID-19.
      8. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) report Lives Upended How COVID-19 threatens the futures of 600 million South Asian children
        1. In South Asia, around 240 million children are classified as poor and current COVID-19 situation will affect an additional 120 million children, a total of 360 million children will be pushed into poverty and food insecurity in the next 6 months.
      9. A coalition led by the World Health Organization (WHO) to combat outbreak of COVID-19, informed that it would require USD 31.3 billion in the next 12 months for continuing its fight against pandemic. As of today, it has collected USD 3.4 billion.
        1. Coalition ACT-Accelerator initiative, where ACT stands for Access to COVID-19 Tools, was launched in April 2020.
  372. Obituaries (June 2020) -
    1. Jayantilal Nanoma - Former International Archer turned coach.
    2. Noted Deaths Linked to COVID-19 -
      1. P Namgyal - Former Union Minister and Congress MP from Ladakh.
      2. Anil Suri - Noted Bollywood producer.
      3. Riaz Sheikh - Noted Former Pakistani first class cricketer.
      4. Hamza Koya - Former Indian Footballer (Santosh Trophy player).
      5. J Anbazhagan - Tamil Nadu MLA.
    3. Bobby Joe Morrow - Noted American sprinter, who won three athletics gold medals at 1956 Melbourne Olympic Games.
    4. Ved Marwah - Former Police Commissioner of Delhi and former Governor of Manipur, Mizoram and Jharkhand.
    5. Basu Chatterjee - Noted Hindi and Bengali film director and screenwriter.
    6. Rupert Hine - Noted British Producer and songwriter.
    7. Wes Unseld - Noted American basketball player.
    8. Anwar Sagar - Noted lyricist.
    9. Pritam Singh - Noted management guru and Padma Shri awardee.
    10. Chiranjeevi Sarja - Noted Kannada actor.
    11. Kurt Thomas - Noted American Olympic gymnast. He was first American male gymnast to win a gold medal at the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, doing so in 1978.
    12. Anand Mohan Zutshi ‘Gulzar’ Dehlvi - Noted Padmashree awardee Urdu poet.
    13. Tony Dunne - Irish footballer.
    14. Arjun Charan Sethi - Former Union Water Resources minister.
    15. Sushant Singh Rajput - Noted Bollywood Actor, committed suicide.
    16. Vasant Raiji - India’s oldest First Class cricketer, passed away at the age of 100.
    17. Heera Singh Rana - Noted Uttarakhand folk singer.
    18. Madhavrao Patil - Former Lok Sabha MP from Maharashtra and founder of Janalaxmi Cooperative Bank.
    19. Matt Poore - Former New Zealand cricketer.
    20. Dinu Randive - Freedom fighter & veteran journalist.
    21. Lt Gen Raj Mohan Vohra - Maha Vir Chakra Awardee.
    22. B.P.R. Vithal - Noted economist and member of 10th Finance Commission.
    23. KR Sachidanandan -Malayalam film director.
    24. A.L. Raghavan - Playback singer.
    25. Vidyaben Shah - Noted Padma Shri awardee Social Worker. She established India’s 1st Bal Bhavan in Rajkot in 1940s.
    26. Rajinder Goel - Former cricketer.
    27. Joel Schumacher - Noted Hollywood Director.
    28. Vishwa Bandhu Gupta - Former member of parliament (MP) and veteran Journalist.
    29. Pournima Zanane - Former Indian Female shooter.
    30. K Raghunath - Noted basketball player from Karnataka.
  373. Misc. Corporate Events (June 2020)-
    1. Tata Power completed acquisition of 51 % stake in TP Central Odisha Distribution Ltd for Rs 178.5 crores.
    2. SEBI extended to August 1, 2020 the date for implementing norms pertaining to power of attorney given by clients to trading members or clearing members.
    3. BEML (Bharat Earth Movers Limited) approved MoU with Japan's MELCO (Mitsubishi Electric Corporation) to study and plan for initiating a joint venture (JV) company, on lines of invitation of BEML regarding Partnerships under “Make in India” policy.
    4. Amid Push for self-reliance, Department of Promotion for Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has identified 10 Sectors in which imports are to be reduced. These Include capital goods and machinery, mobile and electronics, gems and jewellery, pharmaceuticals, textiles and garments.
    5. Summer Treats campaign launched by HDFC Bank, with easing of lockdown restrictions in order to provide offers to both merchants and, salaried and self-employed customers.
    6. Social media Firm Facebook signed global licensing deal with India’s oldest music label Saregama.
    7. PSU GAIL (India) Ltd and Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL) MoU for development of ”trigeneration” projects in India.
    8. IndusInd Bank introduced a first-of-its-kind facility for customers to open current accounts (CA) through its ‘Indus Corporate’ mobile app.
    9. Singapore Based DBS Bank India partnered with Transport Corporation of India Limited (TCIL) to facilitate real time payments for truck drivers by DBS RAPID (Real Time Application Program Interface-APIs by DBS) solution.
    10. Amid COVID-19 Pandemic, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) made available a Special Liquidity Facility (SLF) of 270 crores to Assam Gramin Vikash Bank for supporting agricultural activities.
      1. It is under National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)'s Special Liquidity Facility (SLF) of 25,000 crore for providing liquidity support to Regional Rural Banks, Cooperative Banks and Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) during 2020-21.
    11. Payments platform PhonePe and ICICI Lombard launched ‘first of its kind’ travel insurance, domestic multi-trip insurance, for 499 / year.
    12. Chemicals and Fertilizers PSU HIL supplied 25MT Malathion 95% ULV to Iran under Government-to-Government initiative for Locust Control Programme.
    13. Airtel Payments Bank launched ‘Suraksha Salary Account’ for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME).
    14. Bank of Baroda will completely digitize its lending operations including home, agriculture, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME), personal and auto loans.
    15. Special affordable housing loan scheme named Saral has been launched by ICICI Home Finance, especially for women, lower, middle income customers and economically weaker sections having maximum household income up to Rs 6 lakh annually.
    16. HDFC ERGO General insurance partnered with UK based tech firm TropoGo Limited to launch India’s 1st ‘Pay as you Fly’ insurance for drone-owners in India.
    17. Hyundai Motors partnered with HDFC Bank to offer industry 1st online auto retail financing on its end-to-end online automotive retail platform, ‘Click to Buy’ to the customers.
    18. Tata AIA Life Insurance partnered with East Consultancy Services to offer Aadhaar-based paperless offline e-Know Your Customer(KYC) service.
    19. Karnataka Bank rolled out a new product titled “KBL Micro Mitra” for the Micro entrepreneurs. It will offer assistance up to 10 lakhs.
    20. Payments Firm PhonePe partnered with ICICI Bank on UPI multi-bank model, giving its users the option to create and use multiple UPI IDs with ICICI Bank, after Yes Bank was signed in as First such partner.
    21. Flipkart co-founder Sachin Bansal’s financial services startup “Navi” launched a mobile app ” Navi lending”.
    22. SOLV, B2B (business to business) digital platform for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), has launched a tailor-made credit card in partnership with Standard Chartered Bank.
  374. Competition Commission of India Approvals (June 2020) -
    1. Approved merger between France-based Peugeot S.A and UK-Based Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V.
    2. Approved acquisition by MacRitchie Investments Pte. Ltd. (MacRitchie) in 91Streets Media Technologies Private Limited (91Streets), Ascent Health and Wellness Solutions Private Limited (Ascent) and API Holdings Private Limited (API).
    3. Approved acquisition of Metso Oyj’s (“Metso”) minerals business by Outotec Oyj (“Outotec”). Combined entity will operate under the name Metso Outotec. Both are Registered in Finland.
    4. Approved acquisition of 9.99% stake in Jio Platforms by Jaadhu Holdings LLC. Jaadhu is an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of Facebook, newly incorporated in March 2020 under laws of State of Delaware (US).
  375. Indian GDP Growth Forecasts (June 2020) -
    1. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) forecasted Indian Economy to contract to 3.7% in FY 21 (2020-21), which can further decelerate to -7.3% in case of second Covid-19 outbreak.
    2. Asian Development Bank projected Indian economy to contract by 4% in Fiscal Year 2021 (2020-21), and expected to grow at 5% in FY 22 (2021-22).
    3. Moody’s Investors Service projected Indian economy to shrink 3.1% in FY 21 (2020-21). It also expects Indian economy to register 6.9% growth in FY 22 (2021-22).
    4. As per India Ratings and Research (Ind-Ra), India’s GDP is likely to shrink by 5.3% in FY21 (2020-21). It is expected to bounce back in range of 5-6% in FY 22 (2021-22).
    5. International Monetary Fund (IMF) Expected contraction of 4.55% in Indian Economy in Fiscal Year 21 (2020-21), amid COVID-19 Pandemic. it expects Indian economy to grow at 6 % in FY 22 (2021-22). These projections are stated in latest World Economic Outlook titled “A Crisis like No Other, An Uncertain Outlook“.
    6. S&P Global Ratings projected Indian economy to contract by 5 % in FY 21 (2020-21), due to COVID-19 Pandemic. It will rebound in FY 22 (2021-22).

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