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International Current Affairs Quiz - August 2019

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1.________________ test-fired nuclear-capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile Ghaznavi, with range up to 290 kms.

Pakistan
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
None of These


2. Oklahoma court (______________) ordered American Consumer Goods Firm Johnson & Johnson to pay $572 million for Opioid addiction crisis in _______. J&J is accused of its role in fostering state’s opioid addiction crisis.

UK
Russia
US
Germany
None of These


3. 2019 Indo Pacific Chiefs of Defence (CHOD) Conference held in ______________________’s capital city Bangkok. India was represented by Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC) and Chief of the Air Staff Birender Singh Dhanoa. Theme was Collaboration in a free and Open Indo – Pacific.

Japan
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
None of These


4. Mumbai ranked as ___________________ safest city on Safe Cities Index (SCI) issued by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), while Delhi stood at 52nd position. Tokyo (Japan) is named safest globally, followed by Singapore and Osaka (Japan).

25th
65th
55th
35th
45th


5. US President Donald Trump launched US Space Command, as US military's ________________ and newest combatant command. It is first one to be created in more than a decade.

13th
14th
11th
15th
None of These


6. Forbes magazine’s world’s Highest-Paid actresses of 2019 list -

  1. Hollywood Actress Scarlett Johansson (____________)  topped for 2nd  consecutive year with earnings of $56 million.
  2. Top 3 -
    1. Scarlett Johansson (_______) - $56 million
    2. Sofia Vergara ( Colombian-American) - $44.1 million
    3. Reese Witherspoon (US) - $35 million
  3. Also, American singer Taylor Swift topped Forbes magazine ‘highest-paid woman in music’ category for 2019 with earnings of $185 million, followed by pop singer Beyonce with earnings $81 million.
US
UK
Russia
France
None of These


7. India ranked at ____________________ place in global GDP rankings 2018, as per data by World Bank. India was ranked 5th in 2017. In 2018 data, UK and France again moved ahead of India to reclaim their 5th and 6th spots respectively.

  1. Top 3 - US ($20.5 trillion), China ($13.6 trillion), Japan ($5 trillion).
  2. India recorded a GDP of $2.73 trillion in 2018, which is less than that of the UK ($2.82 trillion) and France ($2.78 trillion).
  3. Drop in India’s position on the global GDP table reflects the slump in India’s overall economic growth. India is, however, still the fastest-growing major economy in world.
8th
7th
9th
10th
None of These


8. An Indo-_________________joint venture's "Astra Rafael Communication System" has been inaugurated in Hyderabad. The system will design, develop and manufacture tactical communication systems for Indian armed forces.

Israel
US
UK
Russia
None of These


9. An agreement Signed between ________________ (NISE) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) to initiate a skill development programme for different levels of beneficiaries in the solar thermal energy sector.

  1. NISE and UNIDO will engage national and international experts to bring the best practices by developing specialized training material.
National Institute of Solar Energy
Native Institute of Solar Energy
New Institute of Solar Energy
Nodal Institute of Solar Energy
None of These


10. As per NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information, July 2019 was hottest July Month ever recorded, with average temparatures in July 2019 being ___________________ degrees F above 20th-century average of 60.4 degrees. It also shrank Arctic and Antarctic sea ice to historic lows.

3.71
.71
2.71
1.71
None of These


11. As per Water Stress Index 2019 formulated by London-based risk analytics firm Verisk Maplecroft, India is _________________ highest risk country in world. 11 out of India’s 20 largest cities face an ‘extreme risk’ of water stress and 7 are in the ‘high risk’ category. India is rated ‘high risk’ in the Climate Change Vulnerability Index.

16th
36th
26th
46th
None of These


12. As per environmental organization Greenpeace, India is world’s top emitter of anthropogenic sulphur dioxide(SO2), with over 15% of all SO2 hotspots, tracked by NASA’ OMI (_________________ ) satellite.

  1. Norilsk smelter complex in Russia is the largest SO2 emission hotspot in world, followed by China, Mexico, Zagroz (Iran) and  Kriel in Mpumalanga province (South Africa).
  2. SO2 is produced from burning of coal in power plants and other industries and it is known to largely contribute to air pollution.
Oxygen Monitoring Instrument
Ozone Monitoring Instrument
Ozone Mutual Instrument
Oxygen Mutual Instrument
None of These


13. As per languages directory Ethnologue, Pacific island Oceanic nation Papua New Guinea has highest number of ‘living’ indigenous languages in world (_________________). India stands fourth in list with 453 languages. 2019 is the United Nations' International Year of Indigenous Languages.

  1. Directory lists 7,111 living languages worldwide. Chinese, Spanish, English, Hindi and Arabic are most widely spoken languages worldwide.
1040
940
640
740
840


14. Balkans nation ___________________ officially became a non-regional member of China based Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

Serbia
Albania
Montenegro
Croatia
None of These


15. Bangladesh signed deal with Russia for lifetime supply of uranium for its ___________ MW Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant (RNPP) in Bangladesh. RNPP will come into operation by 2022.

  1. In 2017, Russia and Bangladesh signed spent fuel sent back agreement for management of nuclear waste of Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant (RNPP). Work on these two units of Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant (RNPP), each producing 1200 MW of electricity is to be completed in 2022 and 2024 respectively.
6000
4800
3600
2400
None of These


16. Cash-strapped Pakistan will get about ___________ assistance from Asian Development Bank (ADB) for various development projects over next three years. Struggling pakistan has been looking for help from various sources to push economy forward.

$17 billion
$27 billion
$7 billion
$2 billion
None of These


17. _______________ Updates -

  1. Launched a new rocket for commercial use named Smart Dragon-1 (SD-1) with 3 satellites, to be used for remote sensing services, communication and Internet of Things (IoT). SD-1 carrier rocket is capable of sending 200 kg payloads to solar synchronous orbit at an altitude of 500 km.
  2. -based telecom Major Huawei launched its own operating system called HarmonyOS or HongMeng in Chinese, amid Huawei facing threat of losing access to Google’s Android platform. First version of Huawei's operating system would launch in late 2019.
Japan
China
Vietnam
Myanmar
None of These


18. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) members agreed to protect giraffes for the 1st time, which draws the praise from conservationists and angry expression from some sub-Saharan African nations.

  1. It was decided during 18th Conference of the Parties (CoP18) of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) held in Geneva, _________________.
  2. During the same meet, India's Vivek Menon, head of Delhi-based conservation non-profit, Wildlife Trust of India was awarded Clark R Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Award 2019.
Poland
Switzerland
Croatia
Germany
None of These


19. ___________________’s Jyske Bank launched world’s first negative interest rate mortgage - with Minus 0.5% annual interest rate.

  1. Jyske bank borrowers will make a monthly repayment as usual, but amount still outstanding will be reduced each month by more than borrower has paid. Throghout repayment period, borrower will actually pay lesser than it borrowed.
France
Spain
Russia
Denmark
None of These


20. English monthly magazine ‘Euromoney’ has named __________________ Based DBS bank as ‘World’s Best Bank’, making DBS only bank to concurrently hold 3 global awards. Previously it won Global Finance’s “Best Bank in the World” in August 2018, Banker’s “Bank of the Year – Global” in November 2018. It also marks first time an Asian-headquartered bank has been named “World’s Best Bank” by Euromoney since 1993.

Singapore
US
UK
Russia
None of These


21. European Nation ________________ banned wearing of face-covering clothing including burqa and niqab worn by conservative Muslim women. The law also bans motor helmets and ski masks.

The Netherlands
France
UK
Serbia
None of These


22. ____________________ (FATF)  Asia-Pacific Group on Money Laundering placed cash-strapped Pakistan on its Blacklist (Enhanced Expedited Follow Up List) for its failure in meeting required global standards and combating terrorism and money laundering.

  1. Pakistan was non-compliant in 32 of the 40 Compliance Parameters on Money Laundering & Terror Financing, and it ranked low in 10 of 11 Effectiveness Parameters. 
  2. Pakistan now has to focus on avoiding its entry into the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Black List, during FATF Plenary meeting in Paris October 2019 to decide on Pakistan’s Grey list status.
  3. FATF added Pakistan on its Grey List in June 2018. Inclusion in Grey List means being involved in providing terror funding and related issues. Pakistan had earlier been in the grey list of FATF during 2012 - 2015.
  4. Once inluded in Blacklist of FATF, Pakistan wont get any international monetary aid. Countries that support terror funding and money laundering activities are placed in Blacklist of FATF, known as Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs).
  5. FATF was established in 1989 during G7 Summit in Paris (France) as an international anti-money laundering regulator that establishes international standards for combating money laundering and terrorism.
Fuel Action Task Force
Financial Action Task Force
Financial Action Total Force
Fewer Action Task Force
None of These


23. Forbes' List Of Highest-Paid Female Athletes 2019 -

  1. US Tennis Player Serena Williams topped the List for 4th consecutive year with estimated total earnings of $29.2 million.
  2. __________________’s Naomi Osaka was 2nd on the list with earnings of ($24.3 million).
  3. Indian badminton player P.V. Sindhu came in tied for 13th ($5.5 million), with Thai golfer Ariya Jutanugarn ($5.3 million).
Vietnam
Russia
China
Japan
None of These


24. Forbes' list of highest-paid actors 2019 -

  1. Bollywood Actor Akshay Kumar secured fourth position on the list, with earnings of USD ___________________ (about Rs 450 crores). Akshay Kumar is only Bollywood actor who has featured on the list.
  2. Top 5 -
    1. Dwayne Johnson (USD 89.4 million)
    2. Chris Hemsworth (USD 76.4 million)
    3. Robert Downey Jr. (USD 66 million)
    4. Akshay Kumar (USD _________)
    5. Jackie Chan (USD 58 million)
35 million
85 million
55 million
45 million
65 million


25. ________________ IT firm Atos and India's Centre for Development of Advanced Computing(C-DAC) signed an agreement to work on the technical advancement in field of artificial intelligence (AI), exascale computing (billions of calculations per second) and quantum computing (computer technology based on quantum theory). Atos’s ‘Quantum Learning Machine’ will be used at C-DAC.

German
Russian
French
Chinese
None of These


26. _____________ based Financial Major Deutsche Bank will trigger major overhaul by creating a so-called bad bank, that would house or sell assets valued at up to 50 billion euros ($56 billion), after adjusting for risk and comprising mainly long-dated derivatives.

Germany
Russia
France
Spain
None of These


27. Global Payments Firm __________ launched Identity Check Express as next-generation, mobile-first authentication solution that aims to redefine e-commerce journey for Indian consumers. It will help eliminate unnecessary friction and enhance the security of online transactions.

Visa
Mastercard
American Express
Google
None of These


28. Google named new version of Mobile OS as _______________, breaking its 10-year old tradition of naming Android version after desserts and sweets. New Android Logo design is drawn from ‘Android Robot’, the non-human member that belongs to every community. The logo colour has been changed from Green to Black in order to make it more clear and visible.

Android 11
Android 12
Android 10
Android 9
None of These


29. Henley Passport Index 2019 ranked India at _______________ position of 189 countries in 2019 with a mobility score of 58. India slipped 5 places from 79th place in previous index.

  1. Report named Japan and Sngapore as world’s most powerful passport in 2019. Japan topped the list for 2nd consecutive time.
  2. Top 5 -
    1. Japan and Singapore.
    2. South Korea, Germany & Finland.
    3. Denmark and Italy.
    4. France and Sweden.
    5. Austria, Netherlands, Portugal & Switzerland
106th 
96th 
56th 
76th 
86th 


30. IMF released report titled Annual Observance Report of the ____________________ for 2018, in which it stated India failed to comply with multiple requirements prescribed in Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) which are mandatory for all IMF members. There are 20 data categories.

  1. In 2018, India deviated from SDDS in at least 1 instance in all data categories listed. The delay had exceeded 100 days in multiple instances. China, South Africa and Russia lagged in some categories but the delay did not exceed 31 days for any category.
  2. IMF launched SDDS initiative in 1996 to guide members to enhance data transparency and help financial market participants with adequate information to assess the economic situations of individual countries. India subscribed to the SDDS on December 27, 1996.
Special Data Development Standard
Special Data Deployment Standard
Special Data Dissemination Standard
Special Data Distinct Standard
None of These


31. Iceland commemorated loss of 1st glacier "Okjokull", lost due to climate change with a bronze plaque unveiled for the same. Plaque bears inscription "A letter to the future". Okjokull was officially declared dead in ________________ at age of 700 years.

2018
2016
2015
2014
None of These


32. _____________ Updates -

  1. ___________ and France will jointly build and operate world’s first space-based automatic identification system (AIS) to track merchant ships on a real-time basis. French space agency CNES and India's ISRO signed an agreement to start development of a constellation of satellites for the purpose.
  2. ______________ and Pakistan will participae in upcoming major military exercise Tsentr (centre) 2019 under the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), to be held in September 2019 at Orenburg, Russia. SCO members are China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India, and Pakistan.
  3. _____________ contributed $1 million to help reform the United Nations (UN) Development system by contributing to the UN Special Purpose Trust Fund (SRTF) for the resident coordinator system. SPDF is a specific fund established mainly to receive, consolidate, manage and account for all contributions and financial transactions in an efficient and transparent way.
  4. Contributed US $5 million to United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), in support of UNRWA’s core programmes and services, including education, health care, and relief and social services.
China
India
Russia
Nepal
None of These


33. India signed _________________________ (UNISA) also known as Singapore Convention on Mediation. So far 46 countries have signed this international treaty on settlement agreements. Benefits -

  1. It is important for growth of mediation in India and enhancing ease of doing business in India particularly in legal front. It will help to boost confidence of investors especially foreign investors investing in India.
  2. It will provide positive signal to foreign investors about India’s commitment for adhering to international practice on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) or external dispute resolution (EDR).
  3. In December 2018, UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation. It provides uniform framework for enforcing international settlement agreements which results from mediation.
  4. It aims to become essential instrument that facilitates international trade and in promotion of mediation as alternative and effective method of resolving trade disputes. It also seeks to contribute to strengthening access to justice, and to the rule of law.
United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements
United Nations Convention on Internal Settlement Agreements
United Nations Convention on Institutional Settlement Agreements
United Nodal Convention on International Settlement Agreements
None of These


34. India suspended weekly Jodhpur-Munabao Thar Link Express amid ongoing issues with ___________________________over Kashmir row. Earlier, India had cancelled Samjhauta Express after Pakistan had suspended all train services to India. Thar Express is Indian portion of international passenger train operated weekly (every Saturday morning), between Jodhpur and Munabao in India.

Sri Lanka
Myanmar
Bangladesh
Nepal
Pakistan


35. India’s_______________ Metres (597-ft) tall Statue of Unity (Gujarat) and Soho House (Mumbai) have been featured in Time’s list of 100 greatest places in world.

  1. Statue of Unity, known as world's tallest statue, was constructed as a tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Independent India's first deputy prime minister who played a leading role in integration of the self-governing princely states into the single union of India. He is called Iron man of India. It was opened on 31 October 2018.
  2. Mumbai’s Soho House was founded in 1995 as a home from home for people working in creative industries, located in an 11 storey building in Mumbai, overlooking Arabian Sea. The house includes a library, a cinema with 34 seats and a rooftop bar and pool. Since its founding, house has grown into a community of like-minded individuals with houses all over world.
282
182
82
382
None of These


36. _________________ _ Government announced that administrative functions of Capital Jakarta would move to area of East Kalimantan. New capital will be located between North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kartanegara on the Indonesian part of Borneo, 870 miles away from current capital.

Indonesia
Myanmar
Malaysia
Singapore
None of These


37. Intel Corp launched its latest processor, its first using artificial intelligence (AI), designed for large computing centres. Chip is developed at Intel facility in Haifa (___________________), and is known as Nervana NNP-I or Springhill and is based on a 10 nanometre Ice Lake processor that will allow it to cope with high workloads using minimal amounts of energy.

Spain
Russia
UK
US
Israel


38. _________________ Updates -

  1. Unveiled its new home-grown air defence system called Bavar-373, amid tensions with US. Word Bavar means ‘believe’ in Farsi. being touted as Islamic republic’s 1st domestically produced long-range missile defence system with Rangeover 200 kilometres.
  2. Unveiled three precision-guided missiles “Yasin”, “Balaban” and a new series of “Ghaem”.
Iran
Iraq
Russia
UAE
None of These


39. Major Jungle Fire has broken out in Amazon rainforest, world's largest  rain forest that produces ______________ of Oxygen on the planet. The fire has been spreading for 16 days, resulting in a major loss of trees and biodiversity. If not contained, it will wipe out Amazon rainforest completely, triggering an unrepairable loss to the planet and mankind.

5 %
20 %
35 %
50 %
None of These


40. __________________ and Indian School of Business (ISB) signed MoU to set up an AI Digital Lab powered by PlatiFi technologies (a Microsoft partner) at ISB campus in Hyderabad, to study issues that are relevant for business and public policy. It will also offer an executive 3-day non technical programme titled “Leading Business Transformation in the Age of AI”, in October 2019.

  1. _______________ also launched a program named Digital Governance Tech Tour, under which it will train 5000 government employees by 2020, on AI (artificial intelligence) and cloud computing skills.
Adobe
Facebook
TCS
Google
Microsoft


41. Mumbai ranked as ________________ safest city on Safe Cities Index (SCI) issued by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), while Delhi stood at 52nd position. Tokyo (Japan) is named safest globally, followed by Singapore and Osaka (Japan).

55th
45th
35th
25th
None of These


42. Newly discovered Kajin Sara lake in _______________ is likely to be world’s highest lake, located at Singarkharka area of Chame rural municipality in Manang district of ____________. It is located at an altitude of 5,200 metres, estimated to be 1,500-metre-long and 600-metre-wide. Once its location is verified, it will be world’s highest lake.

  1. Current highest lake is Tilicho Lake, at an altitude of 4919 metres in _______________. It is 4 km long, 1.2 km wide and 200 metres deep.
Bangladesh
Nepal
India
Sri Lanka
None of These


43. Cash-Strapped _____________ Updates -

  1. __________ and China conducted joint aerial exercise Shaheen VIII (Eagle VIII) in Chinese city of Holton, close to Indian border near Ladakh.
  2. Announced a five-point plan that included suspension of bilateral trade in response to India’s move to end special status for Jammu and Kashmir. Also, its ambassadors will no longer be in New Delhi and their counterparts will also be sent back to India.
    1. This decision will not cause much impact on India as India has already downgraded trade with _________ After Pulwana Attacks.
  3. Test-fired nuclear-capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile Ghaznavi, with range up to 290 kms.
Pakistan
Nepal
Bangladesh
Myanmar
None of These


44. Prime Global Cities Index Q1 2019 of London based consultancy Knight Frank ranked Delhi as the 10th fastest growing prime market globally. Index is topped by Berlin(_______________), whereas Istanbul (Turkey) and Vancouver(Canada) were weakest markets with rates minus 9.9% and minus 13.6% respectively. Bengaluru and Mumbai were ranked 15th and 30th respectively.

US
France
Spain
Russia
Germany


45. Rural NBFC Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services signed a joint venture (JV) with Ideal Finance Ltd (IFL), a subsidiary of ________________ conglomerate Ideal Group, for acquisition of up to 58.2 % stake in Ideal Finance for LKR 2 billion (nearly INR 80 crores).

Nepali
Sri Lankan
Bangladeshi
Vietnamese
None of These


46. _______________ Updates -

  1. Launched an unmanned rocket carrying a life-size humanoid robot named Fedor (Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research). Fedor will spend 10 days learning to assist astronauts on International Space Station.
  2. Launched world's first floating nuclear reactor, Akademik Lomonosov -
    1. It was launched and loaded with nuclear fuel from Arctic port of Murmansk for its 5,000 kilometre voyage to Pevek in northeastern Siberia. It will replace local nuclear plant and closed coal plant. It is 144 metres long and 30 metres wide. It has displacement capacity of 21,500 tonnes and can carry crew of total 69 people.
    2. It is fitted with 2 modified KLT-40 naval propulsion nuclear reactors (each of 35 MW capacity) together providing up to 70 MW of electricity and 300 MW of heat.
Russia
Spain
France
Germany
None of These


47. ___________ Updates -

  1. Allowed women above 21 years of age to receive passports and travel abroad without permission from a male guardian, bringing in a long sought reform.
  2. De-recognized Pakistani PG medical degree programmes such as MS/MD degrees, as Pakistani medical programs lacked properly structured trainings.
Qatar
Oman
Kuwait
UAE
Saudi Arabia


48. ____________ removed Japan from its preferred trade list, because Japan failed to uphold international principles while managing its export controls on sensitive materials. Preferred trade list is a list of nations receiving preferential treatment in trade.

South Korea
India
China
UK
None of These


49. _________________ requested United Nations Security Council to lift its suspension of troop withdrawals and ensure all peacekeepers leave Darfur by June 2020.

  1. In June 2019, UN Security Council voted to stop withdrawal of joint U.N. African Union peacekeeping force from Darfur, observing that country is still dealing with political crisis.
  2. Conflict started in 2003 when two armed groups Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) waged war in Darfur against Government of Sudan, demanding better infrastructure and a power-sharing government. Sudanese government retaliated by sending in government forces and Janjaweed militia to quell rebellion.
DR Congo
Sudan
Liberia
Niger
None of These


50. _____________ Updates -

  1. _________'s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved new drug-Pretomanid for treating drug-resistant strain of Tuberculosis (TB), developed by New York-based non-profit organisation TB Alliance. It is used alongside two other antibiotics (bedaquiline and linezolid) to treat extremely drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis.
  2. Tested a ground-launched cruise missile with range over 500 kilometres, range which was prohibited under recently abolished Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty with Russia. It was signed in 1987 and banned land-based missiles with a range of between 500 and 5,500 km. __________ had withdrawn in August 2019.
France
Spain
Russia
UK
US


51. US designated ____________after “currency manipulator”, after _____________’s central bank allowed Yuan to fall against USD. This may esclate already stressed trade relations between two nations.

  1. US accused ______________ of manipulating its currency to gain unfair competitive advantage in international trade and that ______________ still targets on continuing to receive hundreds of billions of dollars which it have been taking from US with unfair trade practices and currency manipulation.
  2. US will now engage with International Monetary Fund (IMF) to eliminate unfair competitive advantage created by ___________’s latest actions.
China
Japan
Vietnam
Myanmar
None of These




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