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  1. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched record 20 satellites in a single mission from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C-34. It's ISRO;s Highest number of Satellites launched in a single mission -
    1. Main satellite in this mission was Indias latest earth observation satellite Cartosat-2. It was PSLVs 35th continuous successful launch of its total 36th flight.
    2. Other 19 satellites were from USA (13), Canada (2), Germany (1) and Indonesia (1). 2 satellites were from Chennais Sathyabama University and College of Engineering, Pune (COEP).
    3. Cartosat-2 will be used for mapping and Land Information System (LIS) and Geographical Information System (GIS).
    4. The total weight of all the satellites launched by PSLV-C34 were 1,288 kg, with the 19 co-passenger satellites weighing 560kg.
    5. At the internationla scale, NASA in 2013 launched 29 satellites in a single mission and Russia in 2014 launched 33 satellites in one launch.
    6. Other satellites
      1. LAPAN A3 (Indonesia) - Micro-satellite to be used for earths magnetic field monitoring and surveillance purpose.
      2. BIROS (Germany) - To be used for remote sensing of high temperature events.
      3. SKYSAT GEN 2-1 - Micro -satellite developed by Googles subsidiary company Terra Bellas.
      4. Flock-2P Earth imaging satellites (USA)
      5. 12 Dove Earth Imaging Satellites (USA)
      6. M3MSAT (Maritime Monitoring and Messaging Microsatellite) (Canada) - To be used for study and collection of automatic identification system signals from low earth orbit.
      7. GHGSat-D (Canada) - Earth observation satellite. It will be used for measuring the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) especially Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Methane (CH4).
      8. Sathyabamasat (From Chennai's Sathyabama University) - to collect data on greenhouse gases (GHGs).
      9. Swayam (by College of Engineering, Pune) - Aims to provide point to point messaging services to the HAM (amateur radio) community.
  2. IT Firm Tech Mahindra acquired UK-based digital transformation firm BIO Agency Ltd in an all-cash deal of 45 million pounds.
  3. Mercer's Cost of Living Survey 2016 -
    1. The ranking for 2016 includes 209 cities across five continents. New York City is used as the base city for all comparisons and currency movements are measured against the US dollar.
    2. Kinshasa, which is ranked sixth in the survey, appears for the first time in the top 10 cities.
    3. Five Indian cities were also ranked in the list. They are:
    4. Indian Cities - Mumbai (82), New Delhi (130), Chennai (158), Kolkata (194), Bangalore (180)
    5. Top 10 cities in list -





      Hong Kong
















      Democratic Republic of the Congo













  4. International Cricket Council (ICC) suspended Sri Lankas fast bowler Shaminda Eranga from bowling due to illegal bowling action.
  5. World Bank Group released mid-year India Development Update 2016 Financing Double-Digit Growth
    1. It says that economy was lifted to a higher growth path by demand from urban households and public investments, despite the fact that other key growth engines (Rural households, Trade, Agriculture) are stalled.
    2. Oil bonanza directly benefited government and exceeded its revenue collection targets.
    3. Manufacturing and services sectors expanded 7.4 and 8.9 %, respectively.
    4. Inflation abated primarily because of lower food prices. Lower inflation raised real incomes and allowed RBI to cut interest rates, which favored financially-connected urban households.
    5. To remain on this growth path, challenge for India is to activate stalled engines - agricultural growth, rural demand and trade.
    6. It expects Indias economic growth to be at 7.6 % in 2017, followed by a 7.7 % in 2017-2018 and 7.8 % in 2018-2019
    7. States are responsible for 57 % of the spending, which is 16 % of GDP.
    8. Transfer of grants to states increased by 0.7 % of GDP in FY16 compared to the budget estimate of a net increase of 0.5 %.
    9. Rajasthan and Kerala spent over 70 % of additional resources on health, education and infrastructure.
    10. Key Reform resuired for Financial Sector - Accelerate ongoing structural transformation of sector toward one that is more market-oriented and competitive. Second, address NPA challenge.
  6. 21 June - Second UN International Yoga Day.
    1. 2016 Theme - Connect the Youth.
    2. This years observance highlights important role healthy living plays in realization of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which were adopted by all 193 UN member states in 2015.
    3. Government organised National Event of Mass Yoga Demonstration at the Capitol Complex in Chandigarh.
    4. Andhra Pradesh Postal circle released Information booklet, Stamps on Yoga” and 12 stamps on Suryanamaskarams”.
    5. first-ever ‘National Yoga Olympiad organized by NCERT for all government and government-aided schools students from June 18 to 21, 2016. Theme of Olympiad is ‘Yoga for Health and Harmony.
    6. History - International Yoga Day was pitched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in September 2014. In December 2014, UNGA had unanimously adopted India-led resolution to observe 21st June as ‘International Day of Yoga.
    7. Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das today said Yoga education will be included in the state's school curriculum.
  7. 21 June - World Hydrography Day. Hydrography – the key to well-managed seas and waterways.
  8. Qatar-based Indian banker Raghavan Seetharaman has been awarded by Green Economy Visionary award at 2016 Union of Arab Banks International Banking Summit held in Rome.
  9. Founder and Chairperson of Reliance Foundation, Nita Ambani became first Indian to be nominated as a member of International Olympic Committee (IOC) headquartered at Lausanne, Switzerland. Election will be held at 129th IOC Session in Rio de Janeiro in August 2016. If elected, she will continue as an IOC member until age of 70.
  10. Indian Field athlete Tintu Luka won silver medal in 800 meters in Josef Odlozil Memorial Athletics Meet in Prague (Czech Republic).
  11. Switzerland voters rejected an unconditional basic income (UBI) proposal in referendum that proposed to provide a fixed Unconditinal Basic Income (UBI) to all Swiss citizens and foreigners who have been residents in Switzerland for at least 5 years. Amount suggested was 2500 US dollars a month to each adult and 640 US dollars for each child. It would have cost additional 25.62 billion USD to the government.
  12. Rajiv Gauba Committee on Decongestion of Traffic in Delhi submitted its report to Ministry of Urban Development.
  13. India signed MoU with USA to facilitate hassle-free entry of Indians into America at selected airports, with quick security clearances for pre-approved, low-risk travellers from India.
  14. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) commissioned a 195 megawatt (MW) unit at Muzaffarpur thermal power station in Bihar.
  15. Uttar Pradesh Government appointed judicial commission under Mirza Imtiyaz Murtaza to probe into recent Mathura violence.
  16. Ridley Scott will be honoured with 30th American Cinematheque Award.
  17. Pedro Pablo Kuczynski elected as President of Peru.
  18. Gunit Chadha resigned as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Asia Pacific region of Deutsche Bank.
  19. Maharashtra Government decided to use plastic waste, along with tar, to build roads. It is aimed at improving durability and longevity of asphalt roads and reducing soil pollution caused by plastic.
  20. 20 June - World Refugee Day.
  21. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley released commemorative silver coin to mark 300th martyrdom day of Sikh General Banda Singh Bahadur. He was given title of Bahadur by 10th Sikh Guru Guru Gobind Singh.
  22. Mori village in East Godavari (Andhra Pradesh) will be developed as a smart village of global standards by using digital tools, real-time information, and uninterrupted internet connectivity.
  23. Annual Ambubachi Mela held at Kamakhya temple (Assam).
  24. USA will provide over 3 billion USD support to Afghan forces by 2020 and donated 20 million aid to United Nations' effort to help refugees who fled fighting in Iraqi city of Fallujah.
  25. Nagpur (Maharashtra) and Chinese city of Jinan signed pact for becoming sister cities, to exchange ideas and technology in field of education, urban planning, youth affairs, and sports.
  26. As per list by Dutch campaign group PAX Worldwide, State Bank of India (SBI) is only Indian bank named in Hall of Shame list of 158 banking institutions that have invested heavily in companies making cluster bombs. Maximum number of 74 banks are from US, followed by China (29) and South Korea (26).
  27. South India Bank announced its Remit2India Service, Currently available for remittance from Europe, Australia, UAE, and Singapore.
  28. Book A Life in Diplomacy , written by Maharajakrishna Rasgotra has been released.
  29. Six Indian World War I (WW-I) heroes become part of Britains new digital archive - Risaldar Badlu Singh (Punjab), Chatta Singh (Uttar Pradesh), Darwan Singh Negi (Uttarakhand), Lance Naik Lala (Himachal Pradesh), Gabar Sing Negi (Uttarakhand), Gobind Singh (Rajasthan).
  30. S.K. Roy resigned as chief of Life Insurance Corp (LIC).
  31. Anju Bobby George resigned as President of Kerala Sports Council.
  32. Leading Payments platform PayPal appointed Anupam Pahuja as Managing Director (MD) and Country Manager for India operations.
  33. British tennis star Andy Murray won Queen's Club tournament for record fifth time. He defeated Milos Raonic (Canada).
  34. Mercedes  F1 driver Nico Rosberg (Germany) won 2016 European Grand Prix.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
          Monaco 29 May Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
          Canada 12 June Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
          Europe 19 June Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  35. Government approved a Special Package for employment generation and promotion of exports in Textile and Apparel sector -
    1. Major benefits to textile and apparel sector in 3 years include increase of 30 billion USD, Investment of 74000 crore rupees and Creation of 1 crore jobs. Salient features of package are -
      1. Employee Provident Fund Scheme Reforms - Government shall bear entire 12 % of employers contribution of EPF Scheme for new employees of garment industry for first 3 years who are earning less than 15000 rupees per month. Ministry of Textiles shall provide additional 3.67 % % of employers contribution amounting to 1170 crore rupees over next 3 years. EPF shall be optional for employees earning under 15000 rupees, so that workers will be left with more money in hands.
      2. Increasing overtime caps - Overtime hours for workers will not be exceeded 8 hours per week in line with International Labour Organisation (ILO) norms.
      3. Introduction of fixed term employment
      4. Additional incentives under ATUFS - Package breaks new ground in moving from input to outcome based incentives by increasing subsidy under Amended-Technology Up gradation Fund Scheme (TUFS) from 15 to 25 % for garment sector as a boost to employment generation.
      5. Enhancing scope of Section 80JJAA of Income Tax Act, 1961 - Looking at the seasonal nature of garment industry, the provision of 240 days under Section 80JJAA of Income Tax Act would be relaxed to 150 days for garment industry.
  36. Government approved for amending Agreement between India and Belgium for avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income. 
  37. Government asked all state governments to link Aadhaar with caste and domicile certificates to be issued to school students. It is first initiative to be undertaken by Government to issue these certificates to the students within 60 days when they are studying in Class V or VIII.
  38. Ken Miyauchi has been appointed as President and Chief Operating Officer (COO) of Japanese conglomerate SoftBank Group.
  39. Government extended deadline for implementing Ujjwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY) by a year to March 31, 2017. With this, states shall take over 75% of ailing DISCOM (Power Distribution companies) debt as on 30th September, 2015 by 31st March, 2017 by issuing Bonds.
  40. Government approved mega auction of all available spectrum (more than 2300 Megahertz) across 7 bands, to make way for largest-ever spectrum auction in country. Airwaves in 7 spectrum bands to be auctioned are 700, 800, 900, 1800, 2100, 2300 and 2500 MHz.
    1. This auction for the first time will sell 700 MHz band which is preferred for offering high-speed broadband services. 700 MHz band is approximately 70% cheaper than in the 2100 MHz band (used for 3G services). Thus will increase internet penetration in country.
  41. Government approved to set up a 10000 Crore Fund of Funds for Startups (FFS) under Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) for extending support to Startups, in line with Start up India Action Plan. FFS will be used for the contribution of various Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) registered with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to extend funding support to Startups.500 crore rupees already has been provided to the corpus of FFS in the fiscal 2015-16 and 600 crore rupees has been earmarked for 2016-17.
  42. Expert Committee under Anand Desai has submitted its report about examining Specific Relief Act 1963. Committee recommended that courts intervention in public works should be minimal, specific performance of contracts be made the rule and damages or compensation be the exception and a separate class of contracts for public utility contracts should be created.
  43. Book All of Us in Our Own Lives, authored by Manjushree Thapa has been released.
  44. Government decided to allow export of missile systems to certain friendly countries. 10 % of missile capacity will be permitted to be exported if producers manage to get export orders subject to parameters set by government.
  45. A bronze statue of Shri Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose been unveiled at the Indian cultural centre premises in Malaysia.
  46. Bipin R Patel appointed as President of Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GCCI) for2016-17.
  47. Department of electronics and information technology (DeitY) approved setting up a greenfield electronic park within Infovally complex IT hub in Bhubaneswar (Odisha).
  48. Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL) and Boeing laid foundation laying of a new facility in Hyderabad for its joint venture named Tata Boeing Aerospace (TBAL), to co-produce Boeing AH-64 Apache helicopter fuselages and other aerostructures.
  49. 2016 World Investment Report by UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) -
    1. India ranks 10th in FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflows. Indias FDI inflows have increased to 44 billion dollars in 2015 as compared to 35 billion dollars in 2014.
    2. Top 10 Countries are: United States, Hong Kong, China, Ireland, Netherlands, Switzerland, Singapore, Brazil, Canada and India.
    3. United States with 380 billion dollars FDI inflows has topped the list. China with FDI inflows at 136 billion dollars is ranked third.
  50. Maharashtra Government gave minority status to Jews in state as per the provisions of the Maharashtra State Minorities Commission Act, 2004.
  51. Report The Rise of Environmental Crime has been released by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and INTERPOL. As per report, environmental crimes grew up by 26 % larger than previous estimates. Environmental crime is the 4th largest criminal enterprise after drug smuggling, counterfeiting and human trafficking.
  52. 9th India Chem 2016 event will be held in Mumbai from September 1-3, 2016. Purpose is to develop Indian Chemical and Petrochemical Industry.
  53. Noted Indian footballer Syed Nayeemuddin will be conferred with the 2016 Mohun Bagan Ratna (Mohun Bagan Jewel) Award.
  54. Navy Officer Ashutosh Pednekar became first Indian to participate and win International tournaments in sport of Racketlon.
  55. Rashmi Narzary has won the 2016 Sahitya Akademi Bal Puraskar award (English) for her collection of short stories His Share of Sky.
  56. Lakshmi Saravana Kumar, Tamil writer won 2016 Sahitya Akademi Yuva Puraskar award (Tamil) for his novel “Kaanakan”.
  57. Haryana government will set up an AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy) University, the first-of-its-kind in India. It will be formed by upgrading Shri Krishna Government Ayurvedic College in Kurukshetra.
  58. Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) launched ‘IRCTC Air mobile app to enable booking of air tickets for travel within India and abroad at lower prices.
  59. Kerala Tourism won 4 awards at the 11th ‘FilmAT international film festival dedicated to tourism, art and ecology in Poland.
    1. Responsible Tourism initiative of Kerala Tourism won - Best Promotional Social Campaign, Protection of Nature, and Eco-Food categories.
    2. Tourism boards ad film The Great Backwaters of Kerala” won ‘Best Editing Award.
  60. Maharashtra won first edition of Indias Bad Bull Softball League by defeating Punjab.
  61. Geneva-based NGO Advisors 2016 Top 500 NGOs List -
    1. Bangladesh-based Non-Government organization (NGO) BRAC ranked No. 1 in the list of World rankings. BRAC has acquired top position because of its holistic approach to fight against poverty. Doctors Without Borders (Switzerland) is at second place.
  62. Parliamentary committee under chairmanship of E.M. Sudarsana Natchiappan has been constituted to review Model code of conduct (MCC) for election polls and suggest ways to check malpractices ahead of polls.
  63. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has set up Suresh Mathur committee to study scope of title insurance in Indian market.
  64. Former MP and cricketer Chetan Chauhan has been appointed as chairman of National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT).
  65. India and UAE will set up a joint parliamentary panel to enhance relations and facilitate their visits to promote cooperation to tackle security issues and challenges facing the region.
  66. Scientists at USA's University of California created worlds first microchip that has 1,000 processors, fastest chip designed in a university lab. This energy-efficient microchip is named as KiloCore and has a maximum computation rate of 1.78 trillion instructions per second and contains 621 million transistors.
  67. 17 June - World Day to Combat Desertification. 2016 theme is Inclusive cooperation for achieving Land Degradation Neutrality.
  68. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) unveiled Basic Trainer Aircraft (BTA) HTT-40. HTT-40 stands for Hindustan Turbo Trainer-40.
  69. Ministry of Power launched URJA- Urban Jyoti Abhiyaan Mobile application for Urban Power Distribution Sector. It has been developed by Power Finance Corporation (PFC).
  70. PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Duraiappah Stadium in Jaffna (Sri Lanka), which was renovated by India. PM Modi joined in via video conferencing.
  71. Indian mixed recurve team of Deepika Kumari and Atanu Das won silver medal at Archery World Cup held in Antalya (Turkey).
  72. International Astronomical Union (IAU) named a crater on Mars as Langtang after one of villages most affected by 2015 earthquakes in Nepal.
  73. Virginia Raggi has been elected as first female mayor of Italy's capital Rome.
  74. Kannada Movie Thithi won 2 awards - Best Film and Best Script Writers at 19th Shanghai International Film Festival, under Asia New Talent Awards Category.
  75. Punjab became first state to launch a special fund Mukh Mantri Hepatitis C Relief Fund to provide free treatment for patients affected by Hepatitis C.
  76. Government banned use of potassium bromate (KbrO3) as a food additive as it is carcinogenic (Causes Cancer). A study by Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) found that it is widely used in bread and refined flour. Study found that 84% of 38 commonly available brands of pre-packaged breads, including buns and pav tested positive for potassium bromate and potassium iodate.
  77. 2016 Top 500 list of supercomputers -
    1. Chinas Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer is worlds most powerful supercomputer system Sunway-TaihuLight can perform calculations with speed of 124.5 petaflops per second (Pflops). It is worlds first system to surpass 100 petaflops. Sunway TaihuLight has been developed by the Chinas National Research Centre of Parallel Computer Engineering and Technology (NRCPC). It can perform 93 quadrillions calculations per second.
      1. One petaflop is equal to one quadrillion sustained floating point operations per second.
    2. Other supercomputers in list -
      1. Second - Intel-based Chinese Tianhe-2 supercomputer (speed of 33.86 Pflops)
      2. Third - Titan of the Department of Energy (speed of 17.59 Pflops)
  78. Assam Government launched Maitree Ek Gyan Yatra initiative to link primary schools to high schools to colleges. Purpose is to change the mindset of teachers, as in some places in states teachers of a school considered it below their dignity to teach lower level students.
  79. Government eased foreign direct investment (FDI) norms for 9 sectors to for job creation and ease of doing business in country. With these changes, India becomes most open economy in world for FDI.
    1. Food products - 100% FDI under government approval route has been approved.
    2. Defence - FDI beyond current limit of 49% has now been permitted through government approval route, in cases resulting in access to modern technology in country or for other reasons.
    3. Pharmaceutical - 74% FDI under automatic route in greenfield pharma and brownfield pharma has been approved and require government approval for over 74%.
    4. Aviation - 100% FDI (upto 49 % under automatic route).
    5. Greenfield and Brownfield Airport Projects - 100% FDI (upto 49 % under automatic route).
    6. Animal Husbandry - 100% FDI allowed in Animal Husbandry (including breeding of dogs), Aquaculture, Pisciculture and Apiculture under Automatic Route.
    7. Single Brand Retail Trading - Entities undertaking single brand retail trading have been relaxed from local sourcing norms up to 3 years. Entities engaged in single brand retail trading of products having ‘state-of-art and ‘cutting edge technology have been relaxed from local sourcing norms up to 5 years.
  80. Noted Telangana poet and lyricist Guda Anjaiah passed away.
  81. Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) and India Ports Global Private Limited (IPGPL) signed MoU for implementation of additional works on the Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport Project (KMTTP) in Myanmar.
  82. Government imposed 20 % customs duty on sugar exports to boost domestic supply and check prices.
  83. Joo Hyunghwan, Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy of South Korea Visited India. During His visit, India and South Korea launched a platform ‘Korea Plus’ to promote and facilitate Korean Investments in India.
  84. Noted Odia film actress Manimala Devi passed away.
  85. Bharti Group Chief Sunil Bharti Mittal has been elected chairman of International Chambers of Commerce (ICC).
  86. PM Narendra Modi outlined RAPID as a five-point mantra to tax officials to reform and broaden direct tax net base. RAPID Stands for Revenue, Accountability, Probity, Information, Digitization. It was announced during 2 day Rajasva Gyan Sangam held in New Delhi.
  87. Finance Ministry announced that non-resident Indians (NRIs) can now open National Pension Savings (NPS) accounts online i.e. through eNPS (using Aadhaar Card / PAN card). Earlier, NRIs could open NPS accounts only through paper based applications by approaching Bank offices.
  88. US President Barack Obama nominated Indian-origin Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir as USA's ambassador to Malaysia.
  89. US based private space company SpaceX successfully launched 2 commercial satellites - EUTELSAT 117 West B and ABS-2A, using SpaceXs reusable Falcon 9 rocket.
  90. Scientists from USA proposed an ambitious project Human Genome Project-Write (HGP-Write), to create a genetic blueprint or synthetic human genome. The project aims to develop technologies to more efficiently and more cheaply write DNA (synthetic genome).
    1. The objective HGP-Write is to write genetic code (DNA of life) rather than reading the genetic code. The project envisions on same scale as the Human Genome Project-Read (HGP-Read) which had sequenced human genome in 2003. It seeks to reduce cost of engineering DNA segments synthetically in laboratory.
  91. Microsoft will design mobile application for Human Resources Development (HRD) Ministrys SWAYAM platform. Under this, ministry will launch 2000 Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) for over 3 crore students in 2016.
  92. The Indian Air Force (IAF) inducted 3 women fighter pilots for first time - Bhawana Kanth, Avani Chatuvedi and Mohana Singh.
  93. Railway Ministry launched 2 policies related to Parcel Cargo Train Express and Parcel Leasing - Liberalised Comprehensive Parcel Leasing Policy (CPLP) and Liberalised policy on Parcel Cargo Express Trains (PCET).
  94. AYUSH Ministry released a Yog Geet (Yoga song) for celebrating 2nd International Yoga Day on 21 June 2016. It has been written by Dheeraj Saraswat, Music by Sumanto Ray and sung by Gandhar T. D. Jadhav and Ms. Gatha Jadhav.
  95. State Bank of India (SBI) launched IT Innovation Start-up Fund of 200 Crores to support start-ups in financial technology (fintech) space. It will provide assistance of up to 3 crore rupees to a company registered in India for promoting information technology for banking and related activities.
  96. Australia won 2016 Champions Trophy of Hockey by defeating India by 3-1 score. It was played in London (UK).
  97. Book Goa Undercover has been authored by Madhumita Bhattacharyya.
  98. Yuzvendra Chahal is only player to represent India in chess and cricket. His name is listed in World Chess Federations official site. Beside this, he is playing for Indian national cricket team, which is touring Zimbabwe.
  99. Andhra Pradesh obtained a telecom licence and will issue phone numbers starting with the 797 series from August 2016. It indirectly got the opportunity to start an internet based telephone service ‘without requiring any further registration’ after it obtained permission from the Telecom Ministry for starting its own IPTV — Internet Protocol based Television network — as part of its Fibre Grid project.
  100. Supriya Sahu appointed as Director General of Doordarshan.
  101.  Suresh Chandra is appointed as Union Law Secretary.
  102. Prayut Chan-o-cha, Thailand's Prime Minister Visited India.
    1. Two agreements signed between India and Thailand - MoU between Indias Nagaland University and Thailands Chiang Mai University, Agreement for extension of Cultural Exchange Programme (CEP) between both countries.
  103. Baltimores National Aquarium will create an Oceanside dolphin sanctuary. It will be first of its kind sanctuary for marine mammals in North America.
  104. 14 June - World Blood Donor Day. 2016 Theme Blood connects us all and 2016 Slogan is Share life, give blood.
  105. Indian diabetes specialist Shashank S Shah conferred with Vivian Fonseca Scholar Award 2016.
  106. Karnataka Bank won CFBP (Council for Fair Business Practices) Jamnalal Bajaj award for fair business practices.
  107. Russia launched world's biggest, most powerful icebreaker, named Arktika. It is 568 feet long and powered by 2 nuclear reactors. It can break through ice 13 feet deep. Russia is only nation to possess Nuclear Powered Ice Breakers.
  108. Kiran Bedi (Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry) launched a mobile app (HelpAge SOS App) to help senior citizens in distress.
  109. St Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) summit held in Russia. Attended by Dharmendra Pradhan (Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum and Natural Gas) on India's Behalf.
  110. 3,049 people registered in Guinness book of world records for performing largest Karma dance ever. Event was held inDistrict Mandla (Madhya Pradesh).
  111. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu flagged off India's first timetabled freight train, Cargo Express, from Delhi to Bengaluru. Aims is to reduce delay and uncertainty over the time schedule for delivery of goods.
  112. Ganges-Danube Cultural Festival of India held in Hungary. Festival showcases Indian culture, i.e. dance, music, yoga, film and exhibitions.
  113. Kolkata-Ashuganj-Tripura transit facility under revised Inland Water Transit and Trade Protocol between India and Bangladesh became operational. The facility is running through a land and river route crossing Bangladesh territory cuts the Kolkata-Agartala distance via Siliguris ‘chicken neck from 1600 km to 800 km and reduced time of journey from 30 days (via Siliguri corridor) to 10 days.
  114. Noted Hollywood actress Anne Hathaway named as Global Goodwill Ambassador for UN Women.
  115. As per recent study by International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), hot drinks (beverages) consumed at temperatures above 65 Celsius can cause esophageal cancer. Report states that drinks are not carcinogenic, but actually the high temperatures at which they served causes cancer.
  116. Scientist Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic (Columbia University) has grown a living bone in lab to repair large defects in head and face of patient. The new technique uses autologous stem cells derived from a small sample of the recipients fat and precisely replicates the original anatomical structure of the bone.
  117. Government approved Ramayana and Krishna Circuits under Swadesh Darshan Scheme -
    1. Ramayana Circuit - 11 tourist destinations across 6 states. Uttar Pradesh: Ayodhya, Shringhverpur Nandigram and Chitrakoot (ii) Bihar: Sitamarhi, Buxar and Darbhanga (iii) Telangana: Bhadrachalam (iv) Chattisgarh: Jagdalpur (v) Karnataka: Hampi (vi) Tamil Nadu
    2. Krishna Circuit - 12 destinations across 5 states. (i) Gujarat: Dwarka (ii) Rajasthan: Nathdwara, Jaipur and Sikar (iii) Uttar Pradesh: Mathura, Vrindavan, Barsana, Gokul, Nandgaon and Govardhan (iv) Odisha
  118. United States launched its secret spy satellite NROL-37 by United Launch Alliances (ULA) Delta IV Heavy rocket, worlds most powerful rocket.
  119. 13 June - United Nations International Albinism Awareness Day.
  120. India's First case of a baby born with a rare genetic disorder called ‘Harlequin Ichthyosis‘ occured in Nagpur (Maharashtra). This disease affects 1 in 3 lakh babies and causes thickening of the skin across body.
  121. Ranu Langthasa appointed as chairperson of NC Hills Autonomous Council.
  122. Former captain of England Cricket team, Donald Carr passed away.
  123. USA Womens Team won FINA Women Water Polo World League Super Final in China by defeating Spain.
  124. Mercedes  F1 driver Lewis Hamilton from Britain won 2016 Canada Grand Prix.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
          Monaco 29 May Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
          Canada 12 June Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
          Europe 19 June  
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  125. India approved assistance of Rs 4.8 Crore to Nepal for construction of a college building in capital Kathmandu (Koteshwor Multiple Campus).
  126. Brijesh Mehra is appointed as head of corporate banking at RBL (Formerly Ratnakar Bank Limited).
  127. DBS Bank appointed Niraj Mittal as Managing Director and Head of Institutional Banking for India.
  128. Stonegate Bank (Based in Florida, USA) issued first credit card that can be used in Cuba. Until now, Americans have generally had to bring cash to Cuba and change it either at state institutions that impose a 10 % penalty or informal exchanges with locals.
  129. DCB Bank launched Bengaluru's first ATM that accepts Aadhaar number and Aadhaar fingerprint (biometric) instead of ATM/Debit Card and PIN to dispense cash.
  130. To make agriculture production system more flexible to climate change, Haryana government approved a Rs 25 crore project that will benefit 75,000 farmers.
  131. Government is developing National Waterway-1 (NW-1) under Jal Marg Vikas Project with assistance from World Bank. NW-1 refers to 1620 km Haldia-Allahabad stretch of River Ganga. The project would be completed over a period of six years at an estimated cost of Rs. 4,200 crore.
  132. Railways signed agreement with Odisha Government for formation of joint venture Company to develop railway infrastructure in state.
  133. Rio Olympics 2016 organising committee revealed official slogan for first Olympic and Paralympic Games in South America - A new world.
  134. 12 June - World Day Against Child Labour. 2016 Theme is End child labour in supply chains – Its everyones business.
  135. Australian Open Badminton 2016 -
    1. Men's Singles - Hans-Kristian Vittinghus (Denmark) won by defeating Jeon Hyeok-Jin (South Korea)
    2. Women's Singles - Saina Nehwal (India) won by defeating Sun Yu (China)
  136. Jet Airways chairman Naresh Goyal has been re-elected to IATA(International Air Transport Association)'s Board of Governors for 5th successive tenure.
  137. Maharashtra government will celebrate 21st day of every month as Yoga day across all schools, colleges and universities in state.
  138. Telengana Government will set up a Pharma City on 12,500 acres of land in Rangareddy and Mahbubnagar districts.
  139. Urban Development Ministry sanctioned 37.5 crore rupees for development of Machilipatnam town (Andhra Pradesh) under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) scheme.
  140. Vibrant Gujarat summit will be held during January 10 to 13, 2017 with Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) as its national partner.
  141. State Bank of India (SBI) and Spain's CaixaBank signed pact to provide loans to Indo-Spanish joint ventures and local enterprises.
  142. Sansad Ratna Awards given to 5 MPs - BJP's PP Chaudhary, Heena Vijaykumar Gavit, Shrirang Appa Barne, Raajeev Shankarrao Satav, Shivaji Adhalrao Patil and P Rajeev.
  143. Government made a selection committee headed by P K Sinha to shortlist candidates for Reserve Bank of India governor post.
  144. M Beena is appointed as Managing Director of Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation.
  145. Bihar Government inaugurated 'Child Labour Tracking System (CLTS)' in order to keep track of rescued child labour for their proper rehabilitation and financial help of Rs 25,000 for every rescued child labour.
  146. Software Firm Microsoft announced to acquire professional social platform LinkedIn for $26.2 Billion USD.
  147. Israel elected to chair a UN committee for first time in 71-year history of United Nations. Israeli Ambassador Danny Danon won the chair of the legal affairs committee of General Assembly by picking 109 Votes from 193 members.
  148. Shiyal Bet Island in Gujarats Amreli district got electricity supply for the first time since independence after Pashchim Gujarat Vij Company Limited (PGVCL) started supply to island through a 6-km undersea cable.
  149. CR Sasikumar is appointed as Managing Director of State Bank of Travancore (SBT).
  150. Indian Boxing Council (IBC ), a licensing body for professional boxers in India has been granted affiliation by Commonwealth Boxing Council.
  151. Haryana Government laid foundation stone of Jai Jawan Awas Yojna (JJAY) at Bahadurgarh. It is an initiative to provide affordable housing to serving and retired JCOs and Other Ranks.
  152. HDFC Ergo General Insurance acquired L&T General Insurance for Rs 551 crores.
  153. Bihar CM Nitish Kumar launched Right to Public Grievance Redressal Act for quick redressal of peoples' complaints / grievances from Government officials within 60-days.
  154. Facebook appointed Umang Bedi as managing director for India Operations.
  155. Bharti Airtel appointed Ashok Ganapathy as Director (Airtel Business).
  156. Adobe appointed Kulmeet Bawa as Managing Director (MD) for South Asia.
  157. Deshauna Barber, a serving Army Reserve officer has crowned as Miss USA 2016. She became first Military Person to be crownwd Miss USA. Miss Hawaii Chelsea Hardin came first runner-up and Miss Georgia Emanii Davis is second runner-up.
  158. Fortune 500 Top Companies List 2016 (62nd Annual Rankings). Top 10 Companies are - Walmart ($482 Billion Revenue), Exxon Mobil ($246 Billion), Apple ($233 Billion), Berkshire Hathaway ($210 Billion), McKesson ($181 Billion), United Health Group ($157 Billion), CVS Health ($153 Billion), General Motors ($152 Billion), Ford Motor ($149 Billion).
  159. USA returned over 200 stolen cultural artifacts to India, some dating back 2,000 years. The estimated cost of these artifacts is around US$ 100 million.
  160. 4 Indian women - Arundhati Bhattacharya (SBI Chief), Chanda Kochhar (ICICI Bank Chief), PepsiCo Chief Indra Nooyi and Biocon Founder Kiran Mazumdar are in new list of Forbes worlds 100 most powerful women. List is topped by German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
  161. Shahid Rasool has been appointed as new director of Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (CEMCA).
  162. Noted Russian Chess Player Victor Korchnoi passed away.
  163. International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved 1.5 billion USD loan to Sri Lanka to support its economy.
  164. Peter Thomson (Fiji) has been elected as President of 71st session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
  165. Noted Hindi novelist Mudrarakshas passed away.
  166. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) launched a scheme for setting up of 1000 Mega Watt (MW) Wind Power Project connected to transmission network of Central Transmission Utility (CTU), to facilitate supply of wind power to the non-windy states at a price discovered through transparent bidding process.
  167. Australian Great Barrier Reef rodent (known as Bramble Cay melomys) has become the first mammal species driven to extinction by human-induced climate change.
  168. Government approved Civil Aviation Policy 2016 -
    1. This is for the first time since Independence that an integrated Civil Aviation Policy has been brought out by the Union Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA).
    2. Civil Aviation Policy 2016 aims at -
      1. Make India 3rd largest civil aviation market by 2022 from current 9th position.
      2. Increase domestic ticketing to 30 crore by 2022 from 8 crore in 2015.
      3. Increase airports having scheduled commercial flights from 77 in 2016 to 127 by 2019.
      4. Increase cargo volumes to 10 million tonnes i.e. by 4 times by 2027.
    3. Under Regional Connectivity Scheme - enabling Indians to fly at Rs. 2,500 per hour at unserved airports.
    4. For starting international operations, requirement of 5 years of domestic flying removed.
    5. Ensure availability of quality certified 3.3 lakh skilled personnel by 2025.
    6. Development of green-field airports and heliports.
    7. Areas covered in the Policy - Regional connectivity, 5/20 Requirement for International Operations, Safety, Air Transport Operations, , Route Dispersal Guidelines, Bilateral traffic rights, Code-share agreements, Fiscal Support, Immigration and Customs, Airports developed by State Governments (Private / PPP mode), Aeronautical ‘Make in India.+
  169. Indian tennis player Leander Paes become only tennis player in world and first Indian to make 7th appearance at the Olympics. He will participate in Rio Olympics in August 2016.
  170. Bethool Ajmal from Kerala named as winner of The Little Miss Princess of Asia 2016 at a beauty pageant held in Georgia.
  171. G Kalyanakrishnan is appointed as Chief Executive of Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC).
  172. India announced to sell its Home-made Supersonic Cruise Missile to Vietnam.
  173. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley Visited Japan.
  174. Prime Minister Narendra Modi completed his 5 Nations Visit to Afghanistan, Switzerland, Qatar, USA, Mexico. Highlights are -
    1. Afghainistan
      1. PM Narendra Modi conferred with Amir Amanullah Khan Award, Afghanistan’s highest civilian honour.
      2. PM Narendra Modi and Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani jointly inaugurated Afghan-India Friendship Dam in Herat province in Western Afghanistan. This Dam was earlier known as Salma Dam. It is built on Hari River amd meant to generate 42 MW of power and irrigate 75000 hectares of land.
    2. Qatar
      1. India and Qatar signed 7 agreements which include agreement to share intelligence to combat ‘hawala’ transactions and terror financing between the two countries. Other Agreements are -
        1. National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF), Ministry of Finance, Government of India and Qatar Investment Authority (QIA)
        2. Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters
        3. Financial Intelligence Unit – India (FIU-IND) and the Qatar Financial Information Unit (QFIU) concerning cooperation in the exchange of intelligence related to money laundering, 
        4. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, the Government of Republic of India and the National Qualifications Authority/Supreme Education Council, Government of the State of Qatar
        5. Tourism 
        6. Health 
        7. Youth and Sports
    3. Switzerland
      1. Switzerland supported India's membership in the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). Switzerland agreed to provide mutual support to India for becoming non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council.
    4. USA
      1. PM Modi delivered an address to the joint meeting of the USA Congress.
      2. USA welcomED India entry into Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
      3. USA recognised India as an important strategic partner in defense which will give India access to better quality and dual-use technology.
      4. There was also forward movement on the proposal to set up six nuclear reactors in India. Nuclear Power Corporation of India and Westinghouse Electric Co., a U.S. unit of Toshiba Corp., will begin engineering and site-design work for reactors.
      5. Further Agreements between India and USA Include exchange of Terrorist Screening Information, co-operation on Wildlife Conservation and Combating Wildlife Trafficking, Technical Arrangement between the Indian Navy and the United States Navy concerning Unclassified Maritime Information Sharing and Cooperation in Gas Hydrates.
      6. India and US WILL set up 2 financial assistance programmes worth $60 million for supporting Indias clean energy initiatives including solar power and other renewables (includes creation of a $20 million US-India Clean Energy Finance (USICEF) initiative).
      7. India signed Pact with USA for co-operation in development of INS Vishal (India's second Aircraft Carrier). It is scheduled to be commissioned in 2025.
    5. Mexico
      1. Mexico also supported India's membership of Nuclear Suppliers Group or NSG, a 48-member club of nations that control trade in advanced nuclear technologies.
  175. Airports Authority of India (AAI) is conferred with National Award for its Roof Top Solar Power initiatives. AAI has installed 4.8 megawatt peak power (MWp) rooftop solar plants at 13 airports, generating 51 lakh units of solar energy.
  176. According to Forbes 2016 list of worlds 100 highest-paid athletes, Portugese Soccer star Cristiano Ronaldo is at top with earnings of $88 million, followed by Lionel Messi, LeBron James, Roger Federer, Kevin Durant and Novak Djokovic.
  177. Book Indias Wars: A Military History (1947-1971) has been authored by Air Vice Marshal Arjun Subramaniam.
  178. Indias First Mr. Universe Manohar Aich passed away. He won Mr. Universe title in 1952 and was nicknamed ‘Pocket Hercules due to his shiort height.
  179. Scientists of University of Sheffield identified process of removal of DNA molecules from iconic double-helical structure. New research has unlocked a crucial part of mystery as to how human DNA can replicate and repair itself.
  180. Government approved MOU with Taiwan for co-operation in Agriculture and Allied Sector, Air Services.
  181. Government approved MoU between ISRO and Canadian Space Agency (CSA) on cooperation in field of outer space.
  182. Government approved Indian membership of International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) by signing MOU with Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for geosciences.
  183. Government approved enhancement of retirement age Non-Teaching and Public Health Specialists of Central Health Service from 62 years to 65 years and and Doctors of General Duty Medical Officers (GDMOs) sub-cadre of Central Health Service (CHS) to 65 years.
  184. Government approved Agreement with Saudi Arabia on Labour Co-operation for General Category Workers’ Recruitment.
  185. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved disinvestment of 10% equity of Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd. (HUDCO), from Government's shareholding of 100%. Equity capital of HUDCO is Rs.2001.90 crore and Net worth is approximately Rs. 7,800 Crore.
  186. India and Switzerland signed an early agreement for implementation of AEOI (Automatic Exchange of Information) between two countries, to curb flow of Black money.
  187. To boost community participation in government schools, HRD ministry launched Vidyanjali scheme inviting volunteers to hold public speaking, story telling, play acting sessions and participate in other co-scholastic activities.
  188. Government approved signing 15 years contract with International Seabed Authority for undertaking exploration and other developmental activities related to Poly-Metallic Sulphides (PMS). The exploration and other developmental activities has been allotted in the area of 10,000 sq km in parts of Central and South – West Indian Ridges (SWIR), in Indian Ocean.
  189. Canadian novelist Margaret Atwood chosen for 2016 Pen Pinter Prize.
  190. 8 June - World Oceans Day. Theme for 2016 is Healthy oceans, healthy planet.
  191. A cheerful white tiger cub “Soohorang” has been named as official mascot for South Korea’s 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics.
  192. government constituted Financial Sector Search and Recruitment Committee headed by P K Sinha to decide on members and heads of financial regulatory agencies.
  193. Sudarsan Pattnaik, noted Indian sand artist won gold medal in Peoples Choice Prize at 2016 world championship festival of sand sculpting Russe in Bulgaria for his sand sculpture Drugs kill Sports.
  194. Tata Power Renewable Energy Limited will acquire renewable energy company Welspun Renewables for 9,249 crores, considered largest transaction in renewables space in India. This will help Tata Power to grow its clean energy portfolio to 2.3 gigawatts (GW).
  195. Rakesh Ranjan Prasad appointed as Chief Justice of Manipur High Court.
  196. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued guidelines on Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets (S4A), with an aim to strengthen lenders ability to deal with stressed assets and to put real assets back on track. Highlights of the Scheme. RBI formulated the Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets (S4A) as an optional framework for resolution of large stressed accounts.
  197. First All India Women Journalists Workshop organized by Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) in New Delhi.
  198. 2019 AFC Asian Cup to be hosted by United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is a quadrennial (once in 4 years) men’s football championship organised by Asian Football Confederation.
  199. Government launched campaign ‘Swachh Yug’ to make all villages along banks of Ganga Open Defecation Free (ODF).
  200. 5th edition of joint naval exercise 2016 Sahyog-Hyeobleod between Indian Coast Guard (ICG) and South Korea held in Bay of Bengal (Chennai).
  201. N Ramachandran, president of Indian Olympic Association (IOA) has been honoured with Olympic Order by International Olympic Committee (IOC) for his outstanding services to the Olympic movement.
  202. As per recent reports, Pollutants PM2.5 and ground level Ozone are responsible for maximum number of premature mortalities in India.
  203. T Haque is appointed head of newly created land policy cell in NITI Aayog.
  204. 10-day long military exercise Anakonda 2016 started in Poland as largest training exercise of Polish Armed Forces in 2016. Purpose is to check abilities of NATO to defend territory of theeastern flank of North Atlantic Alliance. It involves 31,000 soldiers from 19 NATO countries and five partner countries.
  205. India joined a group of nearly 40 nations that have signed a Europe-led clampdown on tax evasion and corruption.
  206. NR Visakh from Tamil Nadu became first Indian to win Mumbai Mayor’s International Open Chess Tournament 2016 (9th edition).
  207. Book The Gene: An Intimate History has been written by Siddhartha Mukherjee.He is Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Emperor of All Maladies.
  208. University Grants Commission (UGC) has constituted a 5-member committee under V S Chauhan for pay revision of academic staff of Universities and Colleges.
  209. Karnataka government announcemd to abolish tax on agricultural income in State Budget for 2016-17.
  210. Per Lodin (Sweden) appointed as chief military observer and head of UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP).
  211. Axis Bank launched India's first internationally-listed certified green bond to finance climate change solutions around the world at London Stock Exchange (LSE). Proceeds of the bond will be invested by Axis Bank in green energy, transportation and infrastructure projects, to play a role in reinforcing India’s commitment to produce 175,000 MW of renewable power by 2022.
  212. Legendary Canadian ice hockey player Gordie Howe passed away.
  213. Google and Tata Trusts jointly launched Internet Saathi program in Purulia (West Bengal), as part of Googles Helping Women Get Online campaign.
  214. Railways Ministry flagged off Champaran Satyagrah Express train in Motihari (Bihar), to mark 100 years of the historic Champaran Satyagraha (movement) launched by M K Gandhi in 1917.
  215. Global Peace Index (GPI) 2016 by global think Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) for 163 countries -
    1. India ranked 141 on List (Up from 143 in 2015).
    2. Top 5 peaceful countries - Iceland (1st), Denmark (2nd), Austria (3rd), New Zealand (4th), Portugal (5th).
    3. Least 5 peaceful countries - Syria (163rd), South Sudan (162nd), Iraq (161st), Afghanistan (160th), Somalia (159th), Yemen (158th) .
    4. Indias neighbours -Bhutan (13th), Nepal (78th), Bangladesh (83rd), Sri Lanka (97th), China (120th) and Pakistan (153rd).
  216. V. Vaithilingam is elected as Speaker of Puducherry legislative Assembly.
  217. Sikkim became first state to have an open government data portal at
  218. Satya Pal Jain appointed as a part-time member of 21st Law Commission of India.
  219. Railways launched 3 passenger service initiatives - Janani Sewa for mothers (hot milk, hot water and baby food will be available at railway stations), optional catering in Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains and children's menu on trains.
  220. Noted journalist Inder Malhotra passed away.
  221. Noted theatre personality Achyut Lahkar passed away . He was konwn as father of the Bhryamyman (Mobile Theatre of Assam).
  222. Scientists from Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Iceland's Columbia University discovered a way to trap greenhouse gas (GHG) carbon dioxide (CO2) deep underground by changing it into a rock, as part of CarbFix project.
    1. In CarbFix project, scientists pumped CO2 and water, 540 metre underground into volcanic rock at Hellisheidi geothermal power plant. In this method, CO2 is dissolved with water (carbonation) is pumped into volcanic rocks called basalts. Later, CO2 solidifies into a storable solid mineral (calcite).
    2. In the research it was found that 95% of the gas was captured and converted in two years.
  223. Indian American author Akhil Sharma won 2016 International Dublin Literary Award for his semi-autobiographical novel Family Life.
  224. China successfully launched 23rd BeiDou Navigation Satellite to support its global navigation and positioning network. It is 23rd satellite in BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, which is being developed as an alternative to GPS (Global Positioning System) of USA.
  225. Norway became first country in world to prohibit deforestation and make government's public procurement policy deforestation-free.
  226. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) announced proposed names for 4 new elements that were added in periodic table in January 2016.
    1. All these 4 elements are super heavy and are synthetic in nature (created in laboratory). They completed seventh row of periodic table of elements.
    2. These new elements are
      1. Nihonium (Nh) - Created by a group of Japanese researchers. Nihon means Japan in Japanese.
      2. Moscovium (Mc) - Named after Russian Capital Moscow.
      3. Tennessine (Ts) - Named after American state of Tennessee. Indian scientist Susanta Lahiri played important role in discovering it
      4. Oganesson (Og) - Named after Russian researcher Yuri Oganessian. It is second element to be named after a living scientist.
  227. Assams Guwahati became first city to have its own city animal after Kamrup metropolitan district administration declared Gangetic River dolphin (Locally known as Sihu) as its official mascot. Less than 2,000 Gangetic river dolphins remain in Brahmaputra River along Guwahati.
  228. Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed loan agreement with India for providing new loan of 200 million USD to upgrade 176 km of roads in Jharkhand.
  229. Lucknow city of Uttar Pradesh will host 2016 Junior Mens hockey World Cup.
  230. Election Commission (EC) asked Government to amend electoral law Representation of People Act (RPA), 1951 to empower it to postpone or cancel elections if evidence emerges of use of money to influence voters in affected areas, by inserting new clause 58 B in RPA 1951. It will allow declaring invalid of election if money is used to lure voters.
  231. Government decided to form a new reserve battalion to be named after great warrior Maharana Pratap. It will be called Maharana India Reserve Battalion.
  232. Amber Gurung, Known as Father of modern Nepali music and composer of Nepals national anthem passed away.
  233. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its second bi-monthly monetary policy review 2016-17 has kept key policy rates unchanged. Current Rates are -
    1. Policy Rates
      1. Repo - 6.50 %
      2. Reverse repo - 6.0 %
      3. Marginal standing facility (MSF) rate - 7.00 %
    2. Reserve Ratios
      1. Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) - 4.0 %
      2. Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) - 21.25 %
    3. Other forecast
      1. Growth forecast - Unchanged at 7.6% for current fiscal
      2. Inflation target - Unchanged at 5% for January 2017
  234. As Per World Health Organization (WHO), Thailand became first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission.
  235. International Tennis Federation banned tennis player Maria Sharapova (Russia) for 2 years over doping charges.
  236. World Bank report on global economic -
    1. Global growth forecast is cut to 2.4% in 2016 and at 2.8% in 2017, due to slower recovery in advanced economies.
    2. India will remain one of fastest growing major economies, ahead of China, for next 3 years. Indias growth projections have been marginally lowered by 0.2% to 7.6% for 2016-17 and 7.7% in 2017-18.
  237. BP Statistical Review of World Energy -
    1. India surpassed Japan to become worlds third-largest oil consumer. Top 4 are - USA (19.39 million bpd), China (11.96 million bpd), India (4.1 Million bpd), Japan (3.9 Million bpd).
    2. Oil remained the world’s leading fuel, accounting for 32.9% of global energy consumption. sCoal is second-largest fuel by market share (29.2%). Natural gas’ market share of primary energy consumption stood at 23.8%.
    3. In 2015, global demand for primary energy grew only 1% which is slower than 10-year average.
  238. Microsoft's Report on Malware Infection Index (MII) in the Asia-Pacific region -
    1. Pakistan topped in list of 19 countries, having maximum Infections. India is placed at 8th position.
    2. Top 5 Malware Infected Nations are - Pakistan (1st), Indonesia (2nd), Bangladesh (3rd), Nepal (4th), Vietnam (5th).
  239. Indian-origin professor Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya awarded prestigious Regius Professorship in Manufacturing by Queen Elizabeth II. He is founder of Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG) and has been granted Regius Professorship for his contribution in manufacturing.
  240. Russia has honoured UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon with Order of Friendship Award.
  241. Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved 100 million USD loan to strengthen irrigation system and improve water management in Vennar sub-basin of Cauvery Delta in Tamil Nadu.
  242. 5 June - World Environment Day. 2016 Theme is Go Wild for Life (ZERO TOLERANCE FOR THE ILLEGAL WILDLIFE TRADE). Host Country is Angola.
    1. Indian Navy Pledges 1.5 Per Cent of its Works Budget Towards Renewable Energy Generation.
    2. Government committed to take up massive tree plantation drive in upto 200 cities across country to create Urban Forests. Environment Ministry launched ‘Urban Forestry Scheme in Pune, where 6000 saplings will be planted to create an ‘urban jungle on 80 acres of land.
    3. Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhu flagged off Tiger Trail Circuit Train between Mumbai and Delhi.
  243. India and USA signed MoU to join global terror database maintained by Terrorist Screening Center (TSC) of USA. USA recognised India as a major defence partner which will pave way to bring it closest US allies for defence related trade and technology transfer.
  244. 2015 Good Country Index (GCI)
    1. Top 5 Countres - Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Germany.
    2. Libya was ranked as the least good country in the world in 2015 .
    3. India has been placed at 70th position in list of 163 countries n Overall Index. India's Rank in sub-indexes -
      1. International peace and security - 27th
      2. prosperity and equality - 124th
      3. Health and wellbeing - 37th
      4. Science and technology - 62nd
      5. Culture - 119th
      6. Climate - 106th
  245. Noted American boxer Muhammad Ali passed away. He was former three times world heavyweight champion (1964, 1974 and 1978). He was also known globally for his civil rights activism.
  246. Assam Assembly passed Ease of Doing Business Bill 2016 to facilitate ease of doing business in state, to attract fresh investment in state.
  247. Scientists from Harvard University (USA) created a unique bionic leaf (2.0) that solar energy to split water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen and hydrogen-eating bacteria to produce liquid fuels from CO2. It can convert solar energy to biomass with 10% efficiency, much higher than the 1% seen in fastest growing plants.
  248. Indian judoka Avtar Singh qualified for 2016 Rio Olympic Games to be held in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil).
  249. French Open 2016 -
    1. Men's Singles - Novak Djokovic (Serbia) defeated Britains Andy Murray. It was Djokovics 12th major title and he became the first man since Rod Laver in 1969 to hold all four Grand Slams at once.
    2. Women's Singles - Garbine Muguruza (Spain) won by defeating Serena Williams (USA).
    3. Men's Doubles - Spanish pair of Feliciano López and Marc López won by defeating Bob Bryan and Mike Bryan pair from USA.
    4. Women's Doubles - French pair of Caroline Garcia and Kristina Mladenovic defeated Russian pair of Ekaterina Makarova and Elena Vesnina.
    5. Mixed Doubles - Leander Paes (India) and Martina Hingis (Switzerland) won b6y defeating Sania Mirza (India) and Ivan Dodig (Croatia).
  250. World's first 3D-printed aircraft THOR (Test of High-tech Objectives in Reality) unveiled by Airbus at International Aerospace Exhibition in Germany.
    1. THOR has just 3 parts, makin its lighter, faster and cheaper. It weighs 21 kilo grams and less than 4 metres long. All it parts (except electrical elements) are 3D printed from a substance called polyamide.
  251. Himachal Pradesh became first state to have a State Data Centre (SDC), designed using green data centre concept. It will offer 101 people-oriented services online through an integrated data base. It would integrate websites of various departments and all services can be accessed through the integrated data base, saving time and money spent on creation of infrastructure.
  252. Delhi government approved its first Solar Policy, aiming at making Capital an environment-friendly solar city. It Recommends installation of 1 GW (1,000 Mega Watts) solar power capacity in Delhi by 2020, which is proposed to be doubled to 2 GW by 2025.
  253. Gujarat government announced its first IT and Electronics Start-up Policy,wapplicable only to IT and electronics related start-ups. Under this, State Government will develop 50 new incubators to mentor and guide 2,000 start-ups in the next five years.
  254. Rajasthan Government launched mobile application RajVayu for sharing information about air quality index of Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur. Rajasthan becomes first state in country to launch such app for sharing information about air quality index of cities.
  255. 2016 Global Retail Development Index (GRDI) released by London-based business consultancy A T Kearney -
    1. India is ranked at second position, jumping 13 positions from last year (2015) among 30 developing countries on ease of doing business.
    2. Sharp pick up in GDP growth and better clarity regarding FDI regulations have helped India achieve a second ranking.
    3. Indias retail sector expanded at annual growth rate of 8.8% between 2013 and 2015, with annual sales crossing US 1 trillion dollars.
  256. Bollywood actress Dia Mirza was named as the ambassador for Swachh Saathi (student internship) programme.
  257. 04 June - United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
  258. Under impetus of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and French Space Agency (CNES), space agencies of more than 60 countries agreed to engage their satellites, to coordinate their methods and their data to monitor human-induced greenhouse gas emissions.
  259. 15th Asia Security Summit 2016 organized by International Institute of Strategic Studies in Singapore. Attended by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on India's Behalf.
  260. 19th Plenary Session of Contact Group on Piracy off Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) held in Mahe (Seychelles). India chosen to co-chair important Working Group on Improving Maritime Situational Awareness (MSA) in Region.
  261. OP Jindal Global University (JGU) launched book The Education President, highlighting President Pranab Mukherjee's contribution to field of higher education.
  262. India and Asian Development Bank Signed 120 Million USD Loan Agreement to Modernize Irrigation and Improve Water Management in Odisha.
  263. Plenary session of 105th Session of International Labour Conference held in Geneva (Switzerland), attended by Shankar Aggarwal (Secretary (Labour and Employment)).
  264. Piyush Goyal (Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal and New & Renewable Energy) launched Surya Mitra mobile App, developed by National Institute of Solar Energy. This App can handle thousands of calls simultaneously and can efficiently monitor all visits of Suryamitras.
    1. National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) is organizing Suryamitra skill development programs at various locations across country. Duration of this skill development program is approx 90 days, sponsored by Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India.
  265. Paradip Port Trust received Best Performance Award from Shipping Ministry, in efficiency parameters for year 2015-16.
  266. Noted journalist K.K. Katyal passed away. 
  267. Ministry of Commerce & Industry approved establishment of Mega Leather Cluster at Nellore district (Andhra Pradesh).
  268. Jadavpur University (Kolkata) won 12th National Youth Parliament Competition for Universities and Colleges conducted by Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
  269. Book The World in 2050- Striving for a More Just, Prosperous and Harmonious Global Community, written by Harinder S. Kohli has been released.
  270. Andhra Pradesh Government's AP Food Processing Society signed agreement with National Research Development Corporation (Ministry of Science & Technology) to strengthen agribusiness & food processing sector by establishing Smart Agribusiness Platform Networks of Andhra Pradesh (SAPNAP). These will focus on creation of enabling ecosystem for accelerated growth of agribusiness by involving all the stakeholders.
  271. 20th Ex MALABAR-2016, Joint Naval Exercise of India, USA & Japan started. Harbour phase will be held at Sasebo (Japan) from 10 - 13 June 16 and sea phase in Pacific Ocean from 14 - 17 June 16.
  272. Ministry of Heavy Industry & Public Enterprises constituted 3rd Pay Revision Committee for executives of Central Public Sector Undertakings under chairmanship of Justice Satish Chandra (Retd.).
  273. Ministry of Information & Broadcasting framed New Print Media Advertisement Policy for Directorate of Advertising & Visual Publicity (DAVP), to promote transparency and accountability in issuing of advertisements in print media -
    1. Policy introduces a New Marking System for newspapers. Advertisements shall be released by DAVP to Newspapers based on marks obtained by each newspaper
      1. Circulation certified by ABC/RNI (25 marks)
      2. EPF subscription for employees (20 marks)
      3. Number of pages (20 marks)
      4. Subscription to wire services of UNI/PTI/Hindustan Samachar (15 marks)
      5. Own printing press (10 marks)
      6. Annual subscription payment to PCI (10 marks)
    2. Certification by RNI/ABC if circulation exceeds 45,000 copies per publishing day, for circulation upto 45,000 copies per publishing day certificate from Cost/Chartered Accountant/ Statutory Auditor Certificate/ ABC is mandated.
    3. Policy also stipulates empanelment procedure for Multi-Editions of a newspaper. It states that, whenever copies of one edition of a newspaper are printed from more than one centre and if contentcis different, they would be treated as different editions. Each edition is required to have a separate RNI registration number.
    4. Policy has classified Newspaper/Journals into three categories namely Small (<25,000 copies per publishing day), Medium (25,001-75,000 copies per publishing day) and Big (>75,000 copies per publishing day).
  274. Bombay Stock Exchange received RBI approval to start an online bidding platform for Sovereign Gold Bond scheme, to offer an online bidding platform for collecting bids from members and their clients for SGB issue.
  275. P Dhanapal re-elected as Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Speaker.
  276. Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC) signed agreement with Gujarat International Finance Tec-City Company Limited (GIFTCL) and GIFT SEZ Limited (GIFT SEZ) to establish a representative office in India.
  277. German Parliament passed resolution to recognize massacre of Armenians by Ottoman forces during First World War (1915) as genocide.
  278. Kerala Government announced to use Cricket Legend Sachin Tendulkar's name in campaign against liquor and drug abuse in state.
  279. Ashok Lavasa appointed as Finance Secretary of India.
  280. Book The Unseen Indira Gandhi , authored by KP Mathur has been released.
  281. National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited (NBCC) will launch cleaning River Ganga Project in Bihar. In December 2015, the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation hired NBCC to carry out feasibility study of river for entry-level activities in Bihar.
  282. 7th Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM7) and the inaugural Mission Innovation (MI) Meet held at San Francisco (USA). India was represented by Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences Harsh Vardhan. India announced to double investment in Clean Energy Research in next five years (72 million USD to 145 million dollars).
  283. A.K. Mittal appointed as Member Engineering of Railway Board.
  284. Dr. Thomas Mathew appointed as Additional Secretary to the President 
  285. Prabhas Kumar Jha appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
  286. Government approved setting up India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) as a Public Limited Company under Department of Posts with 100% Government of India equity. Total expenditure is 800 Crores.
  287. Asian Development Bank and Government of India signed agreement for $200 million loan to upgrade 176 Kilometers of State roads Jharkhand.
  288. Government started Asia's First Gyps Vulture Re-introduction Programme on Pinjore (Haryana).
  289. Asia's largest technology trade fair Computex Taipei 2016 held in Taiwan, to promote internet computing ecosystems.
  290. Switzerland-based International Institute for Management and Development (IMD)s world competitiveness rankings 2016 -
    1. Hong Kong is at top, followed by Switzerland, USA, Singapore, Sweden, Denmark, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway and Canada.
    2. India has been ranked 41 out of 61 countries in the IMD
    3. The IMD measures how well countries manage all their resources and competencies to facilitate long-term value creation.
  291. Noted actor and Comedian Razzak Khan passed away.
  292. Sri Lankan Bowler Nuwan Kulasekara retired from Test Cricket.
  293. Serbian Tennis Player Novak Djokovic became first tennis player to earn more than $100 million in prize money. He is followed by Switzerland's Roger Federer.
  294. Forbes' America's Richest Self-made Women' list 2016 -
    1. Diane Hendricks (owner of ABC Supply) is at top with worth of 4.9 billion USD.
    2. Two Indian-origin women on List - Neerja Sethi (Syntel), Jayshree Ullal (Arista Networks)
  295. India gifted 2,000 bicycles to poor dalit girls in government schools of Nepal to encourage them to enrol in schools.
  296. K Chari is appointed as Managing Director of State Bank of Mysore (SBM).
  297. India joined Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCoC), a global ballistic missile proliferation regime. India has joined to highlight its readiness to further strengthen global non-proliferation objectives.
  298. 1 June: Global Day of Parents.
  299. 1 June - World Milk Day, started by UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2001. Noted that India's National Milk Day is celebrated on 26 November, in memory of Verghese Kurien (Father of India's White Revolution).
  300. Government extended retirement age of government doctors to 65 years, to strengthen healthcare sector in the country.
  301. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar inaugurated a submarine assembly workshop at Mazgaon Dock Shipbuilders in Mumbai.
  302. Government signed MOU with USA to enhance cooperation in field of wildlife conservation and combating wildlife trafficking.
  303. India and Morocco launched India-Morocco Chamber of Commerce and Industry (IMCCI) in Rabat (Moroccan capital), on the occasion of Indian Vice President Hamid Ansari visiting Morocco.
  304. R Seetharaman (Group CEO of Doha Bank) has been honoured with 2016 Green Economy Visionary Award for his contribution in environment-friendly activities.
  305. Government approved MOU with French Civil Aviation Authority (Direction Generale de lAviation Civile (DGAC)) to implement Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) for implementation of Practices of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
  306. PM Narendra Modi released National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) to make India more disaster resilient. It is based on 4 priority themes of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-30 - Understanding disaster risk, Improving disaster risk governance, Investing in disaster risk reduction and Disaster preparedness.
  307. Odisha became first state to give social welfare benefits to transgender people, including BPL Cards, housing, pension and food grains.
  308. Navin Agarwal appointed as Director General (DG) of National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA).
  309. P Sreeramakrishnan elected as speaker of 14th legislative assembly of Kerala.
  310. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) launched DND (do not disturb) mobile app for telecom subscribers to register their complaints against pesky calls and SMSes.
  311. BRICS' New Development Bank (NDB) will issue its first yuan-denominated bonds to finance sustainable development projects, after receiving a rating from international ratings agencies as well as getting authorities approval.
  312. Asias largest annual security forum Shangri-La Dialogue held in Singapore to talk about security issues in Asia-Pacific region, organised by London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). India represented by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.
  313. India and Tunisia signed MoU for co-operation in Information Technology (IT) and promotion of traditional handicrafts.
  314. Government approved MOU with Brunei Darussalam for co-operation in Youth and Sports Affairs.
  315. 23 June - International Widows Day
  316. 23 June - United Nations Public Service Day.
  317. 23 June - International Olympic Day.
  318. Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Harsh Vardhan visited UK for 5th Indo-UK Science and Innovation Council Meeting (SIC) in London. UK and India agreed to work in two major initiatives in Solar Energy and Nano Material Research.
  319. Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) signed MoU with Jadavpur University (Kolkata) to establish Jagadish Chandra Bose Centre for Advanced Technology (JCBCAT).
  320. MOU signed between Rural Development Ministry and ISRO for geo-tagging assets created under MGNREGA in each gram panchayat, to check leakages and for effective mapping of terrain for future developmental works.
  321. Andhra Pradesh joined Centre's debt revival scheme for state power distribution companies - Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY). It will bring benefits of approx 4400 crores. Under UDAY, 13 states have signed MoU till date. Andhra Pradesh being latest.
  322. Sujoy Bose has been appointed as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) Ltd.
  323. PM Narendra Modi released book The Birds of Banni Grassland, prepared by Scientists of Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE). It is a compilation of the research work, relating to more than 250 species of birds found in the Banni area of Kutch (Gujarat).
  324. Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singh launched Crop Manager for Rice-based Systems (CMRS), a web based App for better crop and Nutrient management released for farmers in bihar.
  325. Government approved MoU with Tanzania for cooperation in water resources management and development. 
  326. Government approved MoU between Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and Royal Civil Service Commission (RCSC) Bhutan, to strengthen relationship between both. 
  327. National Institute of Animal Welfare (NIAW) and Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (JNU) signed Agreement to conduct academic programmes to focus on development of Animal Welfare Sciences.
  328. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) signed MoU with Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) to launch Initiative on Solar for Healthcare. It will focus on providing effective health care delivery at the last mile.
  329. Indian Naval ship Satpura arrived in Hawaii to participate in 25th edition of Exercise RIMPAC.
    1. Exercise RIMPAC is largest biennial multilateral naval exercise in world, held in Western Pacific Ocean.
    2. Current (25th) edition of the exercise is scheduled off Hawaii from 30 June - 04 August 16 and is likely to be attended by 27 countries.
  330. Minister for Human Resource Development, Smriti Zubin Irani launched Prashikshak - teacher education portal. Vision is to strengthen District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) and bring quality teachers into Indian school education system. 
  331. Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhu launched NIVARAN portal as an online system for redressal of service related grievance of railway employees.
  332. IIT-Kanpur professor Sanjay Mittal has been awarded 25th GD Birla Award for Scientific Research for 2015, for his contributions in area of Mechanics.
  333. Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) appointed Anil Kumble as head coach of Indian Cricket Team.
  334. Neil O'Brien, a pioneer of quizzing in India and educationalist passed away.
  335. Russian ice hockey winger Artemi Panarin won 2015-16 season Calder Memorial Trophy at US National Hockey League (NHL’s) Rookie of the Year at NHL Awards ceremony.
  336. Mahasthangarh, 3rd century BC archaeological site in Bogra (Bangladesh) has been declared as South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) cultural capital for 2016-17.
  337. Scientists at University of California have developed worlds first 1,000-processor chip, named KiloCore. It has 1000 independent programmable processors and has highest clock-rate processor ever designed at university level.
  338. China established its first dark sky reserve for astronomical observation in Tibetan prefecture of Ngari.
    1. Dark-sky reserve is an area that is kept free of artificial light pollution, with purpose of promoting astronomy.
  339. Colombian government and FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) rebels signed a historic ceasefire and disarmament agreement. It is considered as one of last steps toward ending a half-century conflict that has killed thousands of people in Colombia.
  340. Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved 500 million USD loan to build a bridge across Ganga River in Bihar. Loan funds will be used to build 9.8 km road bridge in Bihar on Ganga River. It will be Indias longest river bridge.
  341. People of United Kingdom (UK) in a historic Brexit referendum voted in favour of leaving European Union (EU) by 52 % votes in Favor.
    1. This is second referendum on UK’s relationship with the EU. In 1975, in a referendum on whether the UK should stay or leave the EU, the country voted for staying with 67.2% votes.
    2. UK Prime Minister David Cameron announced resignation, wef from October 2016.
    3. Leaving the EU now has triggered a 2-year ‘withdrawal process’ which will determine future of UK’s relationship with EU. At the end of withdrawal process, UK exits single market and EU countries will start imposing tariffs on British products.
    4. Why UK wants to leave EU
      1. Since formation of EU, several countries joined it and UK thinks that since then EU’s hold over everyday aspects of these countries has increased.
      2. Britain can save billions of pounds every year that it spends as EU fees, without much gain in return.
      3. UK also thinks that EU’s some constraints have imposed many opposing rules on Britain’s business.
    5. What does UK’s exit means
      1. Henceforth, UK will be able to secure independent trade deals with important countries such as India, China and US.
      2. It will have control over wide areas like employment, health, law and safety and immigration policies.
    6. What critics believe
      1. By leaving EU, UK would not be able to obtain better trade terms with other countries. It would face problems with different regulations of EU.
      2. Leaving EU will not help UK to reduce immigration as countries that trade with EU from outside have higher rated of immigration, including from EU countries.
    7. Impact on India
      1. UK’s exit from the EU will affect the flow of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in India over the short-medium term and long term periods.
      2. Indian information technology (IT) companies based in the UK with large work forces that offer services to Europe Union member countries will be hit.
      3. Indian Rupee may get hit and may get weakned due to strenthening of USD (United States Dollar).
  342. Scientists at University of Bristol (England) have developed a new stem cell-containing bio-ink that allows 3D printing of complex living tissues that may be used for surgical implants.
  343. South African Indian-origin lawyer Yasmin Sooka has been appointed to chairman of UN commission (committee) to monitor human rights situation in South Sudan.
  344. Indian social entrepreneur Zubaida Bai has been named among ten 2016 Global Compact SDG Pioneers, an initiative launched by United Nations.
  345. Indian sprinter Dutee Chand has qualified for 2016 Rio Olympics in womens 100metre event scheduled to be held in August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil).
  346. Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved purchase of 145 Ultra-Light Howitzers (ULH) guns from USA, at cost of approx 4875 Crores.
  347. 25 June - Day of the Seafarer. 2016 Theme is At Sea For All.
  348. BrahMos Aerospace for the first time demonstrated integration of supersonic cruise missile system BrahMos on Sukhoi SU-30 MKI fighter aircraft.
  349. PM Narendra Modi launched ‘Smart City Mission involving 83 projects from 20 different cities in the country, at a cost of 1770 crore rupees. These projects are related to water supply projects, sewage treatment plants, solid waste management under Swachh Bharat Mission and development of green and open spaces under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
  350. Chile won 2016 Copa America Football tournament by defeating Argentina in a penalty shootout. Host country was USA.
  351. Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park (PNHZP) in Darjeeling (West Bengal) received a male snow leopard named Makalu from Londons Dudley Zoological Gardens. The male snow leopard will be used for breeding conservation programme at PNHZP.
  352. Beijing Based Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) approved first set of loans totalling US 509 million dollars to finance projects in four countries viz. Bangladesh, Pakistan, Indonesia and Tajikistan. These loans will have an interest rate of London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) plus 1.15 % and a repayment period of 25 years with 5 years in grace period.
    1. Bangladesh - US 165 million USD loan for a Power Distribution System Upgrade and Expansion Project.
    2. Indonesia - US 216.5 million USD loan for a National Slum Upgrading Project.
    3. Pakistan - US 100 million USD loan for Shorkot-Khanewal Section of National Motorway M-4.
    4. Tajikistan - US 27.5 million USD loan for the Dushanbe-Uzbekistan Border Road Improvement Project.
  353. Lionel Messi announced retirement from Argentinean Football team. He made this announcement after Argentina was defeated by Chile in the 2016 Copa America final in penalty shootout, in which he missed the penalty.
  354. India became 35th member of Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). It would be mutually beneficial in furtherance of international non-proliferation objectives.
    1. India was able to successfully enter this multilateral export control regime with the unopposed support of all 34 MTCR Partners. Earlier in 2015, Indias bid for the membership to the group had failed after it was blocked by Italy.
    2. By becoming MTCR member, India will now be able to buy high-end missile technology and also can enhance its defence joint ventures with Russia. Indias inclusion to the MTCR will also strengthen its own export controls.
  355. Indian shooter Jitu Rai won silver medal at ISSF (International Shooting Sport Federation) Shooting World Cup held in Baku (Azerbaijan).
  356. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) launched BGR-34, an anti-diabetic ayurvedic drug designed for type 2 Diabetes mellitus, jointly developed by National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) and Central Institute for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP).
  357. Expanded Panama Canal reopened by Panama Government, with much-larger generation of container ships opw able to pass through isthmus of Panama.
    1. Panama Canal expansion project was approved in October 2006 after it was favoured by national referendum by a 76.8% majority. Estimated cost for project was $50 billion.Panama Canal expansion project is also called as the Third Set of Locks Project.
    2. New lane of canal runs for 77km. It doubles the existing capacity of the Panama Canal by adding a new lane of traffic allowing for a larger number of ships.
    3. About Panama Canal -
      1. Panama Canal is an artificial 77 km waterway that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. It cuts across Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.
      2. It was opened in 1914 to provide alternative route to lengthy sea voyage around southernmost tip of South America via Drake Passage or Strait of Magellan.
  358. Gudni Johannesson won 2016 Presidential elections of Iceland.
  359. Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India Shashi Kant Sharmahas been conferred with honorary professorship by Nanjing Audit University (China).
  360. Nagaland Government launched women helpline 181 and Sakhi-One Stop Centre, to provide integrated assistance including medical, legal and psychological counselling to women affected by violence. Sakhi-One Stop Centre is a centrally sponsored scheme by Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) to be funded through Nirbhaya Fund.
  361. Sweden becomes first country to have electric road. It inaugerated test stretch of an electric road in Sandviken to conduct tests with electric power for hybrid heavy transports. Tests will be conducted upto 2018 on parts of road E16.
  362. CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CSIR-CIMFR) signed MoU with coal supplying companies and power utilities for quality analysis of coal supplied.
  363. Assam Government granted district status to Majuli, a 400 square kilometres island in Brahmaputra River. With this, Majuli became Indias first island district. Majuli island is 34th district of Assam (splitted from jorhat district). Majuli island is mostly inhabited by Mishing tribal people.
  364. Government appointed NS Vishwanathan as deputy governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Other 3 Deputy RBI Governors are - R Gandhi, S S Mundra, Urjit Patel.
  365. United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) elected Ethiopia, Bolivia, Sweden and Kazakhstan as non-permanent members of United Nations Security Council (UNSC), for 2 year term. They will replace Spain, Malaysia, New Zealand, Angola and Venezuela.
  366. Indigenously-built anti-submarine torpedo Varunastra has been inducted in Indian Navy, making India one of eight countries to have capability to design and build such anti-submarine torpedo system. It weighs around 1.25 tonnes and carries about 250 kg of explosives at a speed of around 40 nautical miles an hour.
  367. 26 June : International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. 2016 theme is Listen First.
  368. 26 June: International Day in Support of Victims of Torture.
  369. Noted Sculptor and painter KG Subramanyan passed away.
  370. Four Indian-Americans honoured with Great Immigrants: The Pride of America Award 2016.
    1. Sunder Pichai - CEO of Google.
    2. Hari Sreenivasan - Broadcast journalist associated with the PBS NewsHour.
    3. Vikram Malhotra - McKinsey.
    4. Bharati Mukherjee - Professor emerita in department of English at University of California (Berkeley).
  371. China launched its second Shijian-16 series satellite for space research and experiments, on board of Long March-4B rocket.
  372. Government approved National Mineral Exploration Policy (NMEP), aiming at accelerating exploration activity through enhanced participation of private sector.
    1. Policy emphasizes on making available baseline geoscientific data of world standards in public domain, quality research in a public-private partnership (PPP).
    2. It also seeks to undertake quick aerogeophysical surveys of country and creation of dedicated geoscience database etc.
    3. Ministry of Mines will carry out auctioning of identified exploration blocks for exploration by private sector. It will be done on the revenue sharing basis in case their exploration leads to auctionable resources.
  373. Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) launched long-term monitoring studies project to document the effect of climate change on animal biodiversity in states of Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.
  374. Medium range surface-to-air missile missile (MRSAM) developed jointly by India and Israel was successfully test-fired. MR-SAM has strike ranges from 50 to 70 km.
  375. Hockey Champions Trophy 2016 -
    1. Men - Australia won by defeating India. It was australia's 14th title.
    2. Women - Argentina won by defeating Netherlands. It was argentina's 7th Title.
  376. Government decided to enhance financial powers of its Ministries, for approval of Non-Plan Schemes or Projects. The new approval limits are
    1. Projects Under Expenditure 300 Crores - Standing Finance Committee of Concerned Ministry or concerned ministry.
    2. Projects with expenditure over 300 Crores - Committee on Non-Plan Expenditure (CNE) (earlier limit was 75 crores).
    3. Minister-in-charge of administrative Ministry now can approve Non-Plan schemes costing less than 500 crore rupees (Earlier limit was 150 crore rupees).
    4. Projects with expenditure of 500 - 1000 crore -> These will be approved by Finance Minister.
    5. Projects with expenditure of over 1000 crores - Cabinet or Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs will final these proposals.
    6. Financial Adviser now can appraise upto 20% increase in firmed up cost estimates.
    7. If absolute cost escalation is upto 75 crore rupees it has to be approved by Secretary of concerned administrative Department. In case the absolute cost escalation is above 75 crore rupees, the Administrative Minister-in-charge will approve it.
  377. World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim visited India.
    1. World Bank signed agreement with International Solar Alliance (ISA) to provide over 1 billion USD to support India’s solar initiatives.
      1. World bank will provide 625 million dollars to India’s grid-connected rooftop solar programme that will finance the installation of at least 400MW of solar photovoltaic installations.
      2. ISA is Gurgaon (India) based first international organization comprising of 121 Countriesw, with United Nations as Strategic Partner. It was jointly launched by India and France in November 2015 during United Nations climate change conference (COP21) in Paris.
  378. India's first integrated Defence Communication Network (DCN) launched by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar. It will enable Indian Army, Air force, Navy and Special Forces Command to share situational awareness for faster decision-making.
  379. First squadron of indigenously made Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas inducted into Indian Air Force (IAF), by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). First squadron of LCA Tejas has been named as ‘Flying Daggers., with Its base in Sulur (Tamil Nadu).
  380. Indias largest food products marketing organization Amul become official sponsor of Indian contingent to 2016 Rio Olympics. Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), which sells its product under brand Amul signed agreement with Indian Olympic Association (IOA).
  381. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) signed MoU with Advertising Standard Council of India (ASCI) to check misleading advertisements in the food and beverages sector.
  382. Sports Ministry granted recognition to Paralympic Committee of India (PCI) after the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) lifted temporary suspension on it.
  383. Reliance Industries and State Bank of India (SBI) signed Subscription and Shareholders' Agreement to set up payments bank. RIL will be promoter with a 70 % equity and SBI will have 30 % equity contribution.
  384. 2016 Human Capital Index (HCI) by World Economic Forum (WEF) -
    1. Report was released in Tianjin (China), at WEF Annual Meeting of New Champions. It is also known as `Summer Davos summit.
    2. Top 10 Countries - Finland, Norway, Switzerland, Japan, Sweden, New Zealand, Denmark, Netherlands, Canada and Belgium.
    3. India ranked 105th, as compared to 100th in 2015.
    4. Indias Neighbours - Sri Lanka (50th), China (71st), Bhutan (91st), Bangladesh (104th), Nepal (108th) and Pakistan (118th).
    5. BRICS - Russia (28th), China (71st), Brazil (83rd) and South Africa (8th).
  385. Kerala became fourth state to ban e-cigarette (electronic cigarette) as its use can cause cancer and heart ailments. Punjab was first to ban e-cigarettes in November 2014, followed by Maharashtra and Karnataka.
    1. e-cigarettes - These are handy battery-powered devices that emit doses of vaporised nicotine. It produces the feel of tobacco smoking.
  386. Indian Navy launched INS Tarasa - fourth and last ship in series of the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC).
  387. Logistics Performance Index (LPI) 2016 of World Bank Group report - Connecting to Compete 2016: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy -
    1. India ranked 35th among 160 countries with score 3.42. India has improved its ranking by jumping 19 positions compared to 54th rank in 2014 LPI.
    2. For third time, Germany topped ter list . Top 5 countries - Germany (score: 4.23 points), Luxembourg (4.22), Sweden (4.20), Netherlands (4.19) and Singapore (4.14).
  388. Book A Life in Diplomacy”, authored by Maharajakrishna Rasgotra has been released.
  389. Book “Chandigarh is in India” has been authored by Shanay Jhaveri.
  390. Novel “Once Upon a Time in India: The Marvelous Adventures of Captain Corcoran” was written in the 1860s, by a Frenchman Alfred Assollant, about India. It has been translated into English for the first time by Sam Miller.
  391. International Conference on Social Statistics in India held in Patna (Bihar). The conference has been organised by Asian Development Research of India.
  392. Indias first pilot programme to run two wheelers on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) has been launched by Government in New Delhi to curb air pollution in cities.
  393. Indias first sunken (Underwater) museum will be set up at World Heritage Site of Humayuns Tomb in New Delhi. It will open to public in early 2018 and will display a mix of artifacts locked up in reserve collections of National Archives and museums of Archaeological Survey of India.
  394. 2017 Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) will be hosted by India. GES is initiative of USA President Barack Obama to bring entrepreneurs from across the globe on one platform.
  395. Legendary Music Composer R D Burman's Biography R.D.Burmania –Panchamemoirs has been authored by noted journalist Chaitanya Padukone.
  396. Government of India (GoI) extended ban on import of milk and its products from China till June 2017.
  397. City of Fallujah in Iraq has been officially declared fully liberated from terrorist group Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), after military operation of Iraqi Army.
  398. 56th edition of National Inter-State Senior Athletics Championships 2016 started in Hyderabad (Telangana). Its a qualifying event for Rio Olympics.
  399. Uttar Pradesh government declared that all natural calamities including unseasonal heavy rain, lightning, Loo and storm etc. will be treated as state disaster.
  400. Odisha government has signed a pact with WorldFish, an international non-profit research organization, to boost fish production in the state.
  401. Assam Government and Armed Forces launched “Exercise Jalrahat” for flood relief in Assam at Narangi cantonment of Army.
  402. Tathagata Roy, Governor of Tripura has been given additional charge of Governor of Arunachal Pradesh.
  403. Athletic World Championship medalist Anju Bobby George and national badminton coach Pullela Gopichand have been made members of Khelo India, national programme for development of sports in India.
  404. Nokia appointed Sanjay Malik as new head for India operations.
  405. Odisha government launched scheme Kalinga Siksha Sathi Yojana (KSSY) with an aim to provide education loan at 1 % interest to students for pursuing higher studies.
  406. Cabinet approved recommendations of 7th Pay Commission. The salaries and arrears, effective from 1 January 2016, will be made applicable now
    1. Commission recommended 23.55 % hike in pay and allowances of government employees.
    2. Minimum pay for government employees is to be set at 18000 rupees per month, while maximum is 225000 rs / month for Apex Scale and 250000 rs / month for Cabinet Secretary.
    3. Increase in pay will be 16 %, increase in allowances will be 63 % and increase in pension will be 24 %.
  407. Ministry of Urban Development approved setting up of District Level Advisory and Monitoring Committees to promote people centric planning and execution of new urban development schemes. These committees will comprise of elected representatives (Members of Parliament (MP) and Members of Legislative Assembly (MLA)).
  408. Odisha government approved proposal of the Panchayati Raj department to add 500 new gram panchayats before 2017 three-tier panchayat polls.
  409. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released its Vision-2018 document - Payment and Settlement Systems in India: Vision-2018. It aims at building efficiecnt payment systems for a ‘less-cash India and ensuring access to mobile banking services to even basic phone users.
  410. Report by consulting firm Capgemini -
    1. Millionaires in Asia are wealthier than Millionaires in other regions of the world, including North America and Europe.
    2. Asian millionaires wealth is 17.4 trillion dollars in 2015, more than 8.4 trillion in 2006.
    3. There are 5.1 million Asian millionaires in 2015, Majority of 2.7 million from Japan and 1 million from China.
  411. Exide Life Insurance appointed cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni as its brand ambassador, to be featusred in its marketing campaign - Lamba saath, bharose Ki baat.
  412. Indian Grand Master Harika Dronavalli won best women's player award in Eurasian Blitz chess tournament in Kazakhstan.
  413. Sri Lanka parliament passed Right to Information (RTI) bill, to restore transparency and good governance in country.
  414. Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated 22nd meeting of Eastern Zonal Council at Ranchi (Jharkhand). He also inaugurated headquarters of Jharkhand's special anti-Maoist force 'Jharkhand Jaguar' in Ranchi.
  415. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) commissioned 2 units of 14 Megawatts each at Salma Hydro Electric Project in Afghanistan.
    1. Salma dam, or the Afghan-India Friendship dam, was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his recent visit.
  416. National Indian Students and Alumni Union (NISAU) awarded Spiritual leader Sri Sri Ravi Shankar with Honorary Fellowship in UK for his contributions to world peace and culture.
  417. N Srinivasan re-elected as president of the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) for 15th consecutive term. 
  418. Noted Malayalam theatre artist and poet Kavalam Narayana Panicker passed away.
  419. 2016 IIFA awards (17th International Indian Film Academy Awards) held in Madrid (Spain). Winners List -
    1. Best Picture -  Bajrangi Bhaijaan
    2. Best Direction - Sanjay Leela Bhansali for Bajirao Mastani
    3. Best Actor (Male) Award - Ranveer Singh for Bajirao Mastani
    4. Best Supporting Actor (Male) - Anil Kapoor for DilDhadhakne Do
    5. Best Actor (Female) - Deepika Padukone for Piku
    6. Best Supporting Actor (Female) - Priyanka Chopra for Bajirao Mastani
    7. Other Awards
      1. Best Music Direction: Ankit Tiwari, Meet Bros, Anjjan and Amaal Mallik forRoy
      2. Best Story - Juhi Chaturvedi for Piku
      3. Best Performance in Negative role Award: Darshan Kumaar for NH 10
      4. Best Performance in a Comic Role Award: Deepak Dobriyal for Tanu Weds Manu Returns
      5. Best Male Playback Singer Award: Papon for 'Moh Moh Ke Dhaage', Dum Laga Ke Haisha
      6. Best Female Playback Singer Award: Monali Thakur for 'Moh Moh Ke Dhaage', Dum Laga Ke Haisha
      7. Best Lyric Writer: Varun Grover for 'Moh Moh Ke Dhaage', Dum Laga Ke Haisha
      8. Special award for Woman of the Year: Priyanka Chopra
  420. Washington DC-based International Monetary Fund (IMF) cleared payment of $501 million for Pakistan after completing 11th review of Pakistans economic performance under a three-year program supported by an Extended Fund Facility (EFF) arrangement.
  421. Two Indians - Kartik Sawhney and Neha Swain won 2016 Queen's Young Leaders award in United Kingdom.
  422. Noted Industrialist Xerxes Sapur Desai (founder of largest watchmaker company Titan) has passed away.
  423. 29 June - National Statistics Day. It is celebrated annually on occasion of Birth anniversary of Indias eminent statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis. 2016 Theme is Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  424. Medium range Surface-to-Air ballistic missile Barak-8 has been test fired. It has been developed in collaboration with Israel. It is 4 meter long ballistic missile which can hit target within 70 km.
  425. Five-time World chess Champion Viswanathan Anand has been conferred with Honoris Causa Doctor of Science by Indian Institute Of Technology Kanpur (IIT-K) during its 49th convocation ceremony.
  426. Two women - Noor Huda Roslan and Nenney Shuhaidah Shamsuddin have been appointed as judges of Malaysias Islamic Shariah High Court for first time in history of judiciary of Malaysia.
  427. Reserve Bank of India will set up a committee to study use of Blockchain technology for reducing use of paper currency.
    1. Blockchain technology - Blockchain database consists of blocks that hold time-stamped batches of valid transactions. Digital records are put together into blocks and then leaped together cryptographically and chronologically into a chain using algorithms. Encryption process is termed ‘hashing.
    2. Blockchain database helps in reducing use of paper currency as it makes hard for hackers to attack it as hackers need access to every copy of database simultaneously. As the hash cannot be converted back into the original data,the blockchain database keeps data secure.
  428. Matthew Gdovin, associate professor in University of Texas (USA) has developed a newly patented method to kill cancer cells.
    1. Research involved injecting a chemical compound, nitrobenzaldehyde into tumour and allowing it to diffuse into tissue. A beam of light was aimed at tissue, which caused the cells to become very acidic inside. It forced the cells to commit suicide. It was estimated that up to 95 % of the targeted cancer cells were dead within 2 hours.
  429. United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) released State of Worlds Children 2016 report -
    1. Unless world focuses more on plight of its underadvantaged children by 2030
      1. 7 Crore children may die before reaching their 5th birthdays, mostly sub-Saharan Africa.
      2. Over 6 crore primary school-aged children will be out of school.
      3. Some 7.5 crore women will have been married as children.
    2. Boys and girls attend primary school in equal numbers in 129 countries.
    3. The number of people living in extreme poverty worldwide is almost half what it was in the 1990s.
    4. About 12.4 crore children today do not go to primary and lower-secondary school.
    5. India in report
      1. Report states that 5 countries will account for more than half of the global burden of under-five deaths - India (17 %), Nigeria (15 %), Pakistan (8 %), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (7 %) and Angola (5 %).
      2. In India, being born into poorest households carries a learning ‘penalty relative to children from richest households. Penalty widens between ages 7 and 11, reaching a 19 % gap in students ability to subtract.
  430. World Bank approved 63 million USD project - Tejaswini: Socioeconomic Empowerment of Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Jharkhand.
  431. Nepal banned its citizens from working in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Libya. Owing to security concerns.
  432. Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) launched by Government, to boost health care facilities for pregnant women (especially poor). Under this, pregnant ladies will be given free health check-up and required treatment for free on 9th of every month. The scheme is applicable only to the women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6 months.
  433. Food and Beverage multinational firm Nestle named Ulf Mark Schneider as its new Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
  434. Suzuki Motor Corp appointed Toshihiro Suzuki as its next Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
  435. India Post opened up ongoing scheme of customized printing of ‘My Stamp for individuals and corporate also. Under this, individual or a corporate entity can get their photo or logo printed inside postage stamp at a price of 12 lakh rupees.
  436. World Bank approved 201.50 million USD Laon for Technical Education Quality Improvement Project III (TEQIP III) in India to improve quality of engineering education in select Indian states.
  437. Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit 2016 held is Tashkent (Uzbekistan).
  438. QS University Rankings 2016
    1. Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore and IITs of Mumbai (35th), Delhi (36th), Madras (43r) and Kanpur (48th) have figured in list of Asias top 50 universities. IISc is 33rd this year and it was 34th last year. IIT-Kharagpur was placed 51st and two other IITs --Roorkee (78) and Guwahati (94), made it to the top 100. Delhi University has been ranked 66th.
    2. National University of Singapore (NUS) has been ranked best university in Asia, followed by University of Hong Kong.
    3. Indias performance -
      1. India is fifth best among 17 countries featured in ratings, with 23 universities in list of top 350.
      2. India is behind Taiwan (34), South Korea (54), Japan (72) and China (82)
      3. IISc, Bangalore, which emerged as the top Indian institution in the QS rankings, was also rated as the best Indian university in the HRD ministrys first ever National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) released earlier this year.
  439. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley visited China.
    1. He attended First Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors’ of Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank in Beijing.
      1. Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank was started in December 2015. Headquarters is in Beijing (China).
      2. It has capital of $100 Billion USD.
      3. India has state of 8.52 % in it. India will pay $334.7m annually till 2019-20 for 8.52% stake in AIIB.
      4. China has highest stake in AIIB - 30.34 %.
      5. Jin Liqun is first and current president of AIIB.
    2. He attended 8th India-China Financial Dialogue.
  440. Indian President Pranab Mukherjee visited Ghana, Ivory Coast and Namibia -
    1. Ghana
      1. Pranab Mukherjee become first Indian president to visit Republic of Ghana.
      2. India and Ghana have signed 3 agreements to strengthen co-operation in - visa waivers for holders of diplomatic, official passports, setting up a Joint Commission.
      3. India is the largest foreign investor in Ghana with more than 700 projects. Bilateral trade between India and Ghana increased to 1.2 billion dollars from 538 million dollars in 2010. India mainly imports Gold from Ghana.
    2. Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
      1. Pranab Mukherjee become first Indian president to visit Ivory Coast.
      2. President of India honoured with highest national award of Cote d’Ivoire - Grande Croix Commandeur in National Merit Order / National Grand Crois.
    3. Namibia
      1. India and Namibia have signed two Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) - MoU on Capacity building for civil servants of Namibia and Mou on setting up of centre of excellence in Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
  441. May 31 - World No-Tobacco Day. 2016 Theme is World No Tobacco Day – Get ready for plain packaging. The theme seeks to highlight this new trend packing trend in global efforts to control tobacco products.
    1. Plain packaging of tobacco products prohibits or restricts the use of logos, brand images, colours and promotional information on packaging other than brand and product names displayed in a standard colour and font style. It reduces the attractiveness of tobacco products.
  442. 57km (35-mile) twin-bore Gotthard base tunnel opened in Switzerland. It is now world's longest Train Tunnel and will provide high-speed rail link under Swiss Alps between northern and southern Europe. It is meant to revolutionise European freight transport. The tunnel has overtaken Japan's 53.9km Seikan rail tunnel as the longest in world.
    1. Diameter is 8.5 Metres, 2300 Metre Depth and it has been built by cost of 12.27 Billion USD (80000 Crore Approx).
    2. About India - India's Longest rail tunnel is Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel in Jammu and Kashmir with Length of 11.215 KM.
  443. As per Government Data, India's per capital income rose by 7.4 % to Rs 93,293 in 2015-16, compared to Rs 86,879 in the 2014-15.
  444. As per Government Data, India's GDP Growth rate in Last Quarter of 2015-16 (Jan - Mar 2016) stayed at 7.9 %, Taking India's GDP growth rate during 2015-16 to 7.6 %. In 2015-16, India's quarter wise GDP Growth has been -
    1. First Quarter (April 2015 - June 2015) - 7.5 %
    2. Second Quarter (July 2015 - September 2015) - 7.6 %
    3. Third Quarter (October 2015 - December 2015) - 7.2 %
    4. Fourth Quarter (Jan 2015 - March 2016) - 7.9 %
  445. Ministry of Railways launched Rail Humsafar Saptaah as a week-long initiative to highlight significant achievements made by Indian Railways in all spheres during last 2 years -
    1. 26th May - Swachchta Diwas
    2. 27th May - Satkar Diwas
    3. 28th May - Sewa Diwas
    4. 29th May - Satarkata Diwas
    5. 30th May - Saamanjasya Diwas
    6. 31st May - Sanyojan Diwas
    7. 1st June - Sanchaar Diwas
  446. Indian boxer Sonia Lather won silver medal at AIBA Women's World Championships in Astana (Kazakhstan). She was defeated by Mesiano Alessia.
  447. 20th CEAT Cricket Awards 2016 -
    1. Lifetime Achievement - Dilip Vengsarkar
    2. International Cricketer - Joe Root (England)
    3. International Batsman - Joe Root (England)
    4. International Bowler - Ravichandran Ashwin
    5. Test Cricketer - Kane Williamson (NZ)
    6. ODI Cricketer - Martin Guptill (NZ)
    7. T20 Player - Virat Kohli
    8. Indian Cricketer - Rohit Sharma
    9. Young Player - Rishabh Pant
    10. Special Award – Ajinkya Rahane
  448. Noted actor Suresh Chatwal passed away.
  449. Noted Kannada writer D Javare Gowda passed away.
  450. England cricketer Alastair Cook became youngest Cricketer to score 10000 test runs. He achieved this at age of 31 years, during test match against Sri Lanka.
  451. President Pranab Mukherjee presented Malti Gyan Peeth Puraskar 2016 to 15 teachers from Punjab for their contribution in education.
  452. Indian Pharmaceutical Firm Strides Shasun received tentative approval from U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) for Efavirenz HIV tablets USP, 600 mg. Efavirenz is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) that is used as part of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) for treatment of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type 1.
  453. Surajit Kar Purkayastha appointed as Director General of West Bengal Police.
  454. 29 May - International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers. 2016 theme is Honouring Our Heroes.
  455. Government approved investment of over 5500 crore rupees for basic urban infrastructure in six states - Madhya Pradesh,Gujarat, Rajasthan,Odisha, Jharkhand and Meghalaya. It has been done under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, AMRUT.
  456. According to Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu, first bullet train will run in India in 2023. It will connect Mumbai and Ahmedabad and is expected to cover 508 km in 2 hours, running at maximum speed of 350 kmph.
  457. According to USA based global rating agency Fitch, India's economic growth rate will accelerate to 8% by 2018-2019. India's GDP to grow 7.5% in 2015-2016 and improve to 7.7% in 2016 - 2017 and 7.9% in 2017-2018.
  458. As per Forbes, India's HDFC has been ranked 7th among world's top 10 biggest and most powerful companies in consumer financial services sector. List is topped by global major American Express. In overall list of world's 2,000 largest companies, HDFC is ranked 404th with total 56 Indian companies on list, in which Reliance Industries ranked India's highest.s
  459. Google won US court battle with software firm Oracle after a jury ruled it did not unfairly appropriate parts of the Java programming language. Oracle had argued that Google had infringed its copyright and had sought nearly 9 billion dollars in damages.
  460. Sanjay Bangar appointed as India's head cricket coach for team's tour to Zimbabwe. 
  461. Bihar government MDM scheme, UNICEF and Bihar based Rajendra Agriculture University signed agreement to curb malnourishment among women and children in the state.
  462. RBL Bank will launch an Entrepreneur-in-Residence (EIR) programme for fintech start-ups, to enhance engagement with start-ups.
  463. Tata Group entered into e-commerce with launch of 'Tata CliQ'. Products purchased through this platform will be accepted for return at physical stores of Westside or Croma.
  464. IT services Firm Tech Mahindra will acquire UK based Target Group to strengthen its BFSI portfolio, for $164 million USD.
  465. Ashok Leyland re-appointmented Vinod K Dasari as Managing Director(MD) for 5 years.
  466. Indian Har Parkash Rishi made Guinness World Record for fitting nearly 500 straws and over 50 burning candles in his mouth. He already holds world record for having maximum number of flags (366) tattooed on his body.
  467. Mercedes  F1 driver Lewis Hamilton from Britain won 2016 Monaco Grand Prix.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
          Monaco 29 May Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
          Canada 12 June  
          Europe 19 June  
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  468. Sunrisers Hyderabad defeated Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB) to win its First IPL (Indian Premier League) title.
  469. Bollywood Actor R Madhavan became goodwill ambassador of LEPRA India organization that fights against diseases like leprosy and tuberculosis.
  470. V Narayanaswamy elected as Congress Legislature Party leader, to become Chief Minister of Puducherry.
  471. China will launch world's first quantum communication satellite in July 2016, to improve security of data transmission. It will use quantum photons, which cannot be separated or duplicated, making communication immune to wiretapping or interceptions.
  472. Gujrat government launched 2 state-wide campaigns - Bal Amritam and Mission Shakti , against malnutrition. As part of these campaigns, iron-rich supplementary food would be provided to children and women.
  473. Indian Railways conducted first ever trial run for high-speed Talgo trains of Spain on Bareilly-to-Moradabad stretch in Uttar Pradesh with speeds averaging 80-115 kmph. Talgo consumes 30% less energy and can run on curves without decelerating. It can complete journey between Delhi and Mumbai in about 12 hours against present 17 hours.
  474. National Meet on Mining Sector held in Jaipur (Rajasthan).
  475. Baciro Dja named as new Prime Minister of Guinea Bissau (Country in West Africa).
  476. Telangana state Government entered Limca Book of Records for its Intensive Household Survey conducted in August 2014, that compiled all kinds of information about each household in state with an aim to prepare a data-bank for its social welfare and development programmes.
  477. IT & Communications Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad stated that payments bank of India Post will start functioning from March 2017.
  478. Indian para athlete and Arjuna Awardee Amit Kumar Saroha from Haryana won gold medal in mens club throw (F-51) at 2016 French Open Athletics Championship in Paris. He broke Asian record with a throw 26.58m.
  479. Mount Sinabung volcano in Karo plateau of Indonesia erupted.
  480. 42nd G7 summit held in Ise-Shima (Japan). G7 Consits of Japan, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, USA.
  481. Tripura ranked first in overall performance in Implementation of MGNREGA. Testing was done on basis of 3 indicators - efficiency in providing guaranteed 100 days of employment, regular wage payment, work completion rate.
  482. Neeraj Kumar Gupta committee constituted by government and Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to boost cashless transactions.
  483. Book Gujarat Files: Anatomy of a Cover Up, authored by Rana Ayyub has been released.
  484. Discus thrower Seema Punia qualified for Rio Olympics with a 62.62m throw at Pat Youngs Throwers Classic 2016 at Salinas in USA. She crossed 61 Metre Olympics qualification standard.
  485. Noted Marathi litterateur R G Jadhav passed away.
  486. Mamata Banerjee sworn-in as Chief Minister of West Bengal for second successive five-year term.
  487. Pakke Tiger Reserve in East Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh won India Biodiversity Award 2016 in conservation of threatened species category for its Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme. Under this Programme, urban citizens contribute money to protect hornbill nests around Pakke Tiger Reserve.
  488. Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully test-fired a land-attack version of supersonic cruise missile BrahMos at Pokaran (Rajasthan). It is capable of carrying a warhead of 300 kilogram and has top supersonic speed of Mach 3 (thrice the speed of sound). It can strike a target at maximum range of 290-km.
  489. India's BIRAC (Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council) and Horticulture Innovation Australia signed MOU to enhance research and development capabilities in biotechnology.
  490. Indian author Aditi Krishnakumar won prestigious 2016 Scholastic Asian Book Award for her 32,000-word manuscript Codex: The Lost Treasure Of The Indus.
  491. Indian-American scientist Arnab De received Springer Theses Award for his research on developing transgenic mice to study a critical tumor-suppressor A20.
  492. Real Madrid FC won 2016 UEFA Champions League for record 11th time by defeating Atletico Madrid FC by 5-3 goals.
  493. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) successfully deployed first experimental inflatable room attached to International Space Station (ISS). Experimental inflatable room is dubbed as BEAM (Bigelow Expandable Activity Module), built by Nevada Company Bigelow Aerospace.
  494. China launched 3 (1 domestic (Ziyuan III 02 ) and foreign (NewSat)) by a Long March 4B rocket. Ziyuan III 02 satellite is a new civilian high-resolution mapping satellite and second in remote-sensing mapping system that China plans to build by 2030.
  495. Oscar winning Legendary Indian music composer A R Rahman honored by Japan's Fukuoka prize 2016 in Grand Prize category for his outstanding contribution towards showcasing South Asian traditional fusion music.
  496. Nokia Technologies and HMD global Oy (HMD) signed 10-year licensing agreement to market Nokia-branded phones and tablets.
  497. 102 years old, world's oldest Olympic champion Sandor Tarics passed away. He was member of Hungarian Waterpolo team that won in Berlin Olympics staged by Nazi government in 1936.
  498. PM Modi Visited Iran. 12 MoUs signed with Iran on this occasion. Some are -
    1. India, Iran and Afghanistan signed three-way land transit agreement on Iran’s strategic southern port of Chabahar.
    2. National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO) signed MoU with Iranian Mines and Mining Industries Development and Renovation Organization (IMIDRO), to explore possibility of setting up smelter- cum-gas based power plant on joint venture in Iran for proposed smelter plant in Chabahar Free Trade Zone. NALCO will supply alumina from its refinery in India.
    3. MoU between EXIM Bank and Irans Ports and Maritime Organization (PMO).
    4. Confirmation Statement between EXIM Bank and Central Bank of Iran (CBI).
    5. IRCON and CDTIC - to enable IRCON to provide requisite services for the construction of Chabahar-Zahedan railway line.
    6. MoU on India-Iran Cultural Exchange Programme (CEP).
    7. MoU on Policy Dialogue between Governments and Interaction between Think Tanks.
    8. MoU between Foreign Service Institute, MEA and School of International Relations, Irans MoFA.
    9. Implementation Protocol on Cooperation in Science and Technology.
  499. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released report Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6): Regional assessment for Asia and the Pacific -
    1. As per report, India is at top with nearly 4 crore Indians will be at risk from rising sea levels by 2050 as  worst impacts of climate change are projected to occur in the Pacific and South and South-East Asia.
  500. United Nations Environment Programme released report Actions on Air Quality, during second United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA-2) in Nairobi (Kenya). As per report, with decline of global air quality, action in some air quality areas points to political will to tackle it.
  501. British director Ken Loach's film I, Daniel Blake won Palme d'Or at Cannes Film Festival. It was Loach's second award for best picture at the festival after 2006's The Wind That Shakes the Barley.
  502. Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman visited Bahrain.
  503. Indian Coast Guard ship Arush has been commissioned.
  504. Bilateral Air Force exercise between India and United Arab Emirates (UAE) - Ex-Desert Eagle-I held in UAE.
  505. Committee headed by T S R Subramanian set up to formulate new National Education Policy submitted its report to Human Resource Development (HRD) ministry.
  506. Lakshadweep became first Union Territory (UT) to sign 24x7 Power for All document, that states a plan to increase solar capacity of the region from 2.15 MW to 8.45 MW. As part of energy efficiency measures, 1 lakh LED bulbs will be distributed by UT administration through Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) and Incandescent lamps/CFL bulbs will be replaced with LED bulbs under UJALA programme.
  507. Ministry of Power and United States Agency for International Development (USAID) launched Indias first integrated web portal ( designed to promote and mainstream Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB) in India. Portal provides complete information about Net Zero Energy Buildings (those that generate as much energy as they use).
  508. Government will launch Mission 11 Million to engage more than 11 million children in activities relating to Football in October, 2016. Note that FIFA U-17 Football world cup will be held in India.
  509. Girish Luthra appointed as Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Western Naval Command while AR Karve as Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Southern Naval Command.
  510. Railways signed MOU with PEC University of Technology for setting up Kalpana Chawla Chair on Geospatial Technology for Indian Railways at PEC University, Chandigarh.
  511. Sunil Lamba appointed as Chief of Indian Navy while Karambir Singh appointed as Vice Chief of Indian Navy.
  512. India Signed An agreement for Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Grant of USD 9.20 Million with World Bank for"Efficient and Sustainable City Bus Service Project. 
  513. Bhim Sain Bassi appointed as Member of Union Public Service Commission.
  514. Indian-American student won 2016 National Geographic Bee championship, securing first three positions in 28th annual National Geographic Bee Competition in Washington. This is fifth consecutive year of National Geographic Bee championship in which an Indian-American has won. Winners - Rishi Nair (1st), Saketh Jonnalagadda and Kapil Nathan.
  515. Bharti Enterprises founder Sunil Bharti Mittal honored with 2016 Harvard Business School Alumni Achievement Award.
  516. Barack Obama became first incumbent USA president to visit Hiroshima memorial site in Japan. It is worlds first atomic bombing dropped on August 6, 1945 and killed over 140,000 people.
  517. As per report by Assocham-KPMG, India emerged as worlds fifth largest electronic waste (e-waste) producer and India discards 18.5 lakh tonnes of e-waste each year. India is worlds second largest mobile market with 1.03 billion subscribers, nearly 25% of it end up in e-waste annually.
  518. For effective waste management in an eco-friendly manner, Sikkim government banned disposable foam food containers like cups, plates, spoons, containers, etc., and has restricted the use of mineral water bottles in government programmes all over the state.
  519. Retirement fund body EPFO decided to almost double maximum sum assured under its insurance scheme from 3.6 lakh to Rs 6 lakh for its 4 crore subscribers.
  520. Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari launched 20 Nirbhaya buses of Rajasthan State Transport Corporation with multiple safety measures to better protect women passengers. These include Vehicle Tracking System (VTS), CCTV and panic buttons on every seat.
  521. Telangana government signed MoU with US-based healthcare tech firm Eclat Health Solutions. Eclat will invest USD 15 million in state to provide 1000 jobs.
  522. Saudi Arabia based Islamic Development Bank (IDB) will open its first branch in India at Ahmedabad (Gujarat).
  523. China signed agreements with Sudan to build 600-megawatt atomic reactor.
  524. Book A Call to Mercy: Hearts to Love, Hands to Serve has been released. It is collection of previously unreleased writings by Mother Teresa and has been compiled by Rev. Brian Kolodiejchuk.
  525. BJP formed NEDA (North East Democratic Alliance) to boost development agenda in North-Eastern states.
  526. HRD Minister Smriti Zubin Irani launched multilingual knowledge portal as largest online repository of dictionaries in India. It has been launched in 22 scheduled languages, which eventually will be extended to 100 more languages and will help showcase the Indian culture and heritage to the world.
  527. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) launched inaugural World Wildlife Crime Report, highlighting how poaching and illegal trade of thousands of different species across globe present real environmental dangers.
  528. Book My Favourite Nature Stories authored by famous author Ruskin Bond has been released.
  529. World Health Organisation released World Health Statistics 2016 - Monitoring Health for the SDGs. Global life expectancy for children born in 2015 was 71.4 years (73.8 years for females and 69.1 years for males), while in India it was 68.3 (66.9 for males and 69.9 for females). Highlights of World Health Statistics 2016 -
    1. With average lifespan of 86.8 years, women in Japan live longest while Switzerland's men have longest average 81.3 years lifespan.
    2. People in Sierra Leone have world’s lowest life-expectancy for both - 50.8 years for women and 49.3 years for men.
    3. Globally, life expectancy increased by 5 years between 2000 and 2015, the fastest increase since the 1960s.
    4. Increase was greatest in the African Region of WHO where life expectancy increased by 9.4 years to 60 years.
    5. Healthy life expectancy, a measure of the number of years of good health that a newborn in 2015 can expect, stands at 63.1 years globally (64.6 years for females and 61.5 years for males)
    6. Every year -
      1. 303000 women die due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth
      2. 5.9 million children die before their fifth birthday
      3. 2 million people are newly infected with HIV, and there are 9.6 million new TB cases and 214 million malaria cases
      4. 800000 people commit suicide, 1.25 million from road traffic injuries, 4.3 million due to air pollution by cooking fuels, 3 million due to outdoor pollution and 475 000 people are murdered.
  530. USA Senate approved 1.1 billion USD emergency funding to combat Zika virus in 2016 and 2017.
  531. Five Indian car models failed in crash tests by Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP). Cars that failed are - Renault Kwid, Maruti Suzukis Celerio and Eeco, Mahindra Scorpio and Hyundai Eon.
  532. Noted Tennis Player Roger Federer withdrawn from 2016 French Open due to back injury.
  533. Government constituted Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF) Authority, to strengthen framework for safeguarding interest of investors. This is a step closer to setting up IEPF, which will be utilized for multiple purposes for protecting investors.
  534. Denmark won Thomas Cup badminton tournament for the first time by defeating Indonesia.
  535. India banned its nationals from travelling to Libya, in view of prevailing security situation in that country.
  536. Rajasthan's Bundi is stepping into virtual world with an 'e-municipal council' to make all informative rsources digitally accessible.
  537. Britain granted political refugee status to ousted former President of Maldives Mohamed Nasheed.
  538. S K Saini appointed as new commandant of Indian Military Academy (IMA).
  539. Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities will now be known as 'Divyangjan' Sashaktikaran Vibhag in Hindi and dropped word 'viklangjan'.
  540. USA's Frances Arnold won the Technology Academy's (Finland) Millennium Technology Prize for her work 'directed evolution' (method of rewriting DNA to improve medicines and develop green fuels). She is first female wo win this 1 million euro prize.
  541. Digital payments platform FreeCharge named Kunal Shah as chairman, and Govind Rajan as CEO.
  542. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd commissioned first 800 MW super critical thermal unit in Karnataka. This is the highest rating unit in the state.
  543. Automobile giant Mahindra & Mahindra incorporated its agricultural equipment rental services arm as a wholly-owned subsidiary.
  544. First-ever World Humanitarian Summit since World War II, held in Istanbul (Turkey).
  545. University Grants Commission (UGC) brought out new norms for deemed universities. An institution will be eligible to become a deemed university if -
    1. It has undergraduate and 5 post-graduate programmes with research in existence for 3 years.
    2. A deemed university should have a min 40 % open space of total built up area.
    3. Institution must have either highest NAAC or NBA accreditation rating for three cycles consecutively or an ‘A’ grade at the time of application and a position among top 20 institutions under the National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF).
    4. Deemed universities will be able to open off-campus centres only after five years of their existence.
  546. Government approved revised guidelines of Performance in Credit Rating Scheme , to increase its effectiveness for both borrowers and banks.
    1. Fee to be reimbursed by the MSME Ministry will constitute 75 % of the fee charged by the rating agency subject to a ceiling of
      1. 15000 - For turnover up to 50 lakh rupees
      2. 30000 - For turnover between 50 lakh and 2 cr
      3. 40000 - For turnover above 2 cr
  547. Government approved MOU with Japan for promoting sustainable, stable and low-carbon thermal power development in India.
  548. Government approved financial restructuring of Hindustan Fertilizers Corporation Limited (HFCL), including loan waiver of over 9000 crores and transfer of 56 acres of Ash Dyke land of Barauni unit to Bihar State Power Generation Company Limited (BSPGCL) to settle dues of HFCL for faster revival of Barauni Unit.
  549. Government approved undertaking cadre review of Indian Postal Service for enabling Department of Posts to meet the functional requirements and strengthening cadre structure.
  550. Government approved MoU between Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and United Arab Emirates Space Agency (UAESA) for cooperation in exploration and user of outer space for peaceful purposes.
  551. Government approved MOU with Maldives for cooperation in field of tourism.
  552. Government approved financial restructuring of Hindustan Steel Works Construction Limited (HSCL) and its takeover by National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited (NBCC).
  553. Government modified list of Scheduled Tribes (STs) in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and Puducherry -
    1. Sl.No.

      State / Union Territory

      Inclusion / Exclusion / Rectification / Identification





      Boro, Boro Kachari, Bodo, Bodo Kachari, Karbi (Mikir)


















      Rectification of Hindi Version of the Notification


      iii) Bhuinya, Bhuiyan, Bhuyan

      iv) Dhanuhar / Dhanuwar

      v) Kisan

      vi) Saunra, Saonra

      vii) Dhangad




      viii) Bhogta, Deshwari, Ganjhu, Dautalbandi (Dwalbandi), Patbandi, Raut, Maajhia, Khairi (Kheri)

      ix)  Puran



      Tamil Nadu


       x) Malayali Gounder

      xi) Narikoravan, 






      xii) Darlong




      Identification (First Order)

      xiii) Irular (including Villi and Vettaikaran)

  554. Government approved proposal of Yes Bank for increase in foreign investment limit to 74% from existing foreign equity of 41.87 %.
  555. Government approved establishment of National Institute of Technology (NIT) Andhra Pradesh. It was on August 20, 2015 registered as a Society in the state under Andhra Pradesh Societies Registration Act, 2001.
  556. National Academy For Training & Research In Social Security (NATRSS) has been renamed as Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya National Academy of Social Security (PDUNASS).
  557. After successful test of Reusable launch Vehicle- Technology Demonstration (RLV-TD), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) will test an Air-breathing Propulsion System, aimed to capitalize on oxygen in atmosphere instead of liquefied oxygen while in flight. These activities are part of ISRO's efforts to to bring down cost of launch vehicles.
  558. Government approved to amend Institutes of Technology (IIT) Act, 1961 for incorporation of 6 new IITs - Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), Palakkad (Kerala), Dharwar (Karnataka), Bhilai (Chhattisgarh), Goa, Jammu (Jammu and Kashmir).
  559. Government approved National Capital Goods Policy 2016 by Ministry of Heavy Industry & Public Enterprise for capital goods sector -
    1. Policy Objectives
      1. Increase production of capital goods from 2,30,000 crore rupees in 2014-15 to 7,50,000 crore rupees in 2025.
      2. Raise employment from current 84 lakh to 3 crore.
      3. Increase exports from 27% to 40% of production.
      4. Increase share of domestic production in Indias demand from 60% to 80%.
    2. Aim of Policy
      1. Facilitate improvement in technology depth across sub-sectors
      2. Ensure mandatory standards
      3. Increase skill availability and promote growth
      4. Capacity building of MSMEs.
  560. Scientists from Trinity College Dublins School of Physics and CRANN Institute discovered a new property of light based on Angular Momentum, opening up ways to alter basic understanding of fundamental nature of light.
    1. Unexpected new property of light was seen based on concept called ‘angular momentum, during passing of light through crystals.
    2. Earlier, physicists thought that in all forms of light, angular momentum (measures how much a beam of light is rotating) is multiple of Plancks constant (physical constant that sets the scale of quantum effects). But now scientists found angular momentum of each photon (a particle of visible light) takes only half of this value.
    3. This new property causes a beam of light to be confined to fewer than three dimensions.
    4. Significance - Help in study of light waves in areas such as secure optical communication which will open up new means for faster internet connections.
  561. Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani has been conferred the prestigious Othmer Gold Medal by Chemical Heritage Foundation, for his entrepreneurial leadership.
  562. China won Uber Cup badminton championship by defeating India in China. It was china's 14th Uber cup title.
  563. Bihar Government announced ban on sale, distribution, storage, manufacture, consumption and publicity of tobacco products like gutka and pan masala.
  564. World Bank's subsidiary International Finance Corporation (IFC) will invest US$68 million (about INR 460 crore) in Apollo Health & Lifestyle ltd (AHLL) and $20 million in FCEL (Future Consumer Enterprise Ltd). 
  565. Binali Yildirim chosen as Turkey’s Prime Minster.
  566. Belgium's Mourad Laachraoui won gold in European Taekwondo Championships and will nocompete in this summer's Rio Olympics. Note that hs is brother of Paris Blasts Accused  Najim Laachraoui.
  567. National Green Tribunal (NGT) banned over 10 years old diesel vehicles in six cities of Kerala - Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kollam, Thrissur, Kozhikode and Kannur.
  568. Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) launched ASMITA (All School Monitoring Individual Tracing Analysis ) under Shala Asmita Yojana (SAY).
    1. SAY aims to track educational journey of school students from Class I to Class XII across 15 lakhs schools in country.
    2. ASMITA will be an online database with information of student attendance and enrolment, learning outcomes, mid-day meal service and infrastructural facilities.
  569. Chief Executive Office of Apple Inc., Tim Cook Visited India.
    1. Apple opened a new Development Office in Hyderabad, Telangana.The facility will focus on development of Maps for Apple products, including iPhone, iPad, Mac and Apple Watch. This investment will accelerate Maps development and create up to 4000 jobs.
  570. Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal released draft of State of Delhi Bill 2016 that seeks to establish State of Delhi as 30th State in country.
  571. Military tourism initiative Veer Yatra has been launched by Maharashtra Ex-servicemen's Corporation (MESCO) in Pune (Maharashtra) to strengthen bond between military establishment and civilians.
  572. Book Making It Big: The inspiring Story of Nepals first billionaire in his own words has been authored by Binod Chaudhary, Nepal's first billionaire.
  573. 2016 Women Economic Forum (WEF) hosted by New Delhi (India) under theme Women: Uplifting and Uniting the World.
  574. International Buddhist conference held in Lumbini (Nepal) with theme Lumbini, Nepal: the birth place of Lord Buddha and the fountain of Buddhism and world peace.
  575. Tsai Ing-wen appointed as first female President of Taiwan.
  576. Book Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission has been authored by Dhananjay Kheer.
  577. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) made mandatory for Participatory Notes (P-Notes) users to follow Indian anti-money laundering laws and report any suspicious transactions. Issuers of P-Notes will report transfer trail of P-Notes to SEBI on monthly basis in addition to present reporting details of their holders.
    1. P-Notes are instruments issued by registered foreign institutional investors to overseas investors, who wish to invest in Indian markets without registering themselves directly in India to save time.
  578. Indian 4x100m womens relay team broke 18-year-old national record to finish 4th at IAAF World Challenge in Beijing (China). Team included Dutee Chand, Srabani Nanda, HM Jyoti and Merlin Joseph clocked 44.03 seconds to finish race.
  579. US-based Nepali Lhakpa Sherpa climbed Mount Everest for seventh time, breaking her own record for the most summits of the world’s highest mountain by any woman.
  580. May 22 - International Day for Biological Diversity (IBD). Theme for 2016 is Mainstreaming Biodiversity; Sustaining People and their Livelihoods.
  581. Health Minister J P Nadda launched Kayakalp Fortnight at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) New Delhi with aim of intensifying Kayakalp initiative under Swachch Bharat Abhiyaan.
  582. May 21 - Nationsl Anti-Terrorism Day. It Marks death anniversary of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi who was assassinated at an election rally near Chennai by a suicide bomber from LTTE on 21 May 1991.
  583. Government launched affordable Faecal Incontinence Management System (FIMS) Qora.
    1. Fecal incontinence (FI) is a medical condition marked by inability to control ones bowel (Intestine) movements.
    2. It causes feces (stool) to leak unexpectedly from the rectum.
  584. United Nations (UN) appointed Mary Robinson and Macharia Kamau as UNs Special Envoys for El Nino and Climate.
  585. Ratan P Watal appointed as Principle Adviser for social sector in NITI Aayog.
  586. Himachal Pradesh fisheries department started an artificial propagation programme for conservation of Golden Mahseer fish.
  587. Government constituted 11 members committee under D B Shekatkar to recommend measures to enhance combat capabilities of armed forces and re-balance overall defence expenditure.
  588. US House of Representatives passed amendments to National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA)- 2017 to enhance countrys defence cooperation with India and bring India at par with USs NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) allies for technology and equipment sale.
  589. Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling conferred with Yug Kavi Siddhicharan Award, one of the Nepals prestigious literary award.
  590. Anurag Thakur elected as 34th President of BCCI (Board of Control for Cricket in India) till September 2017.
  591. Global Review on Antimicrobial Resistance appreciated Indias Medicines with Red Line campaign on antibiotics. Global review was commissioned by UK Prime Minister David Cameron and was chaired by economist Jim ONeil.
    1. As per report, Indias model of putting a red line on antibiotic packages to curb their over-the-counter sale can be used globally to counter rising threat of superbugs.
  592. Gujarat Government launched Smart Village program to improve public facilities in villages. Under this, 300 villages will be selected for Smart Village program.
  593. J Jayalalithaa sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for record sixth time. Her party AIADMK Party won 134 / 234 seats in State Assembly elections 2016.
  594. Mohun Bagan FC won 2016 Indian Federation Cup football tournament title for 14th time, defeating Aizawl FC.
  595. USA lifted its embargo on sales of lethal weapons to Vietnam, its one-time enemy in 1970's.
  596. India's Biliards player Pankaj Advani won Asian 6-Red Snooker title in Abu Dhabi. He became first in world to hold both world and continental titles in 6-red snooker at same time.
  597. Noted scientist S K Sharma appointed as Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL).
  598. Odisha Government promulgated Odisha Official Language (Amendment) Ordinance 2016 to ensure use of Odia in all government systems.
  599. Routes 2 Roots, Delhi-based Non-profit organization (NGO) has been awarded Inter-cultural Innovation Award 2016 by United Nations Alliance of Civilizations (UNAOC) in Azerbaijan. The award was bestowed upon NGO for their unique Student Exchange Program, which allowed children in schools from India and Pakistan to connect with each other.
  600. Ministry of Urban Development shortlisted 13 cities in list of 2nd batch of Smart Cities Mission, topped by Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh. 13 shortlisted smart cities (Rank wise) are
    1. Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh).
    2. Warangal (Telanagana).
    3. Dharmashala (Himachal Pradesh).
    4. Chandigarh (UT of Chandigarh).
    5. Raipur (Chattisgarh).
    6. New Town Kolkata (West Bengal).
    7. Bhagalpur (Bihar).
    8. Panaji (Goa).
    9. Port Blair (UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands).
    10. Imphal (Manipur).
    11. Ranchi (Jharkhand).
    12. Agartala (Tripura).
    13. Faridabad (Haryana).
  601. World Bank Group launched Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility and launched a $500 million fund to fight Pandemics in poor countries and creating the world's first insurance market for pandemic risk. FEP is a financing mechanism designed to quickly mobilize funds to tackle global disease outbreaks and create a new insurance market for pandemic risk. It was unveiled at G-7 Finance Ministers Summit in Ise-Shima (Japan).
  602. Jitendra Singh has been assigned Independent charge of Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports after resignation of Sarbananda Sonowal.
  603. Kiran Bedi has been appointed as Lt. Governor of Union Territory of Puducherry.
  604. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar visited Oman.
  605. Indian Space Research Organization successfully tested a Reusable Launch Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator at Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh). With this, India moved a step close to developing a space vehicle that can fly numerous times into space.
  606. Indian Navy commissioned Fast Attack Craft INS Tarmugli.
  607. Indian Signed loan agreement with World Bank for US$ 100 million for Karnataka Urban Water Supply Modernization project.
  608. Indian Person Philip Abraham elected as Deputy Mayor of Loughton town in United Kingdom.
  609. Noted Gujarati singer Diwaliben Bhil passed away.
  610. A joint US-Australian military research team successfully tested a hypersonic technology in Australian desert. During the test, scramjet attached to a rocket booster was successfully sent to an altitude of 278 km at Mach 7.5 (seven times speed of sound).
    1. Hypersonic flight involves travelling at more than 5 times the speed of sound (Mach 5). For this, scientists are working in Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation (HIFiRE) programme.
    2. Scramjet is a supersonic combustion engine that uses oxygen from the atmosphere for fuel. It is lighter and faster than fuel-carrying rockets and is suitable for flying at hypersonic (Mach 5 and above) speed. Scramjet engines do not have moving parts, It has rotating compressor and turbine in a jet engine.
    3. Scramjet technology can revolutionise global air travel and also provide cost-effective access to space.
  611. Coalition of Left Democratic Front (LDF) won 2016 Kerala Assembly Elections by winning 91 / 140 seats . Communist Party of India (Marxist) became largest party by winning 58 seats. Pinarayi Vijayan will be next chief minister of Kerala.
  612. Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and its alliance partners won majority in 2016 Assam state assembly election by winning 87 / 126 seats. BJP won 60 seats. Sarbananda Sonowal will be next chief minister of Assam.
  613. President Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated Intelligent Operations Centre (IOC) desiged by IBM in Rashtrapati Bhavan and a mobile application Monitor.
  614. Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda launched Centre for Environmental Health in New Delhi to assess impact of environment-related problems on health.
  615. All India Trinamool Congress Party (TMC) under leadership of Mamata Banerjee won 2016 West Bengal Assembly Elections by winning 211 / 295 seats.
  616. First World Conference on Tourism for Development (WCTD) held in Beijing (China) with theme Tourism for Peace and Development.
  617. Himachal Pradesh Government has launched ‘PEHAL, a vision document of the Shimla District administration for raising education standards.
  618. Australian researchers at University of Newcastle built worlds first scanning helium microscope (SHeM). It would enable scientists to study human, animal and plant samples, as well as pharmaceutical drugs and computer chips in their true state.
  619. Italian parliament passed legislation legalizing same-sex civil unions. With this, italy became last country in Western Europe to do so. The new law grants same-sex couples many of the same rights as married heterosexual couples.
  620. Golden State Warriors guard Stephen Curry named as NBA (National Basketball Association)'s Most Valuable Player for second straight year.
  621. A Genetic study confirmed that Bene Israel community living in the western part of India has roots of Jewish Religion.
  622. Tinlianthang Vaiphei appointed as acting Chief Justice of Tripura High Court.
  623. May 18 - International Museum Day. 2016 theme is Museums and Cultural Landscapes.
  624. Global rating agency Moody's has forecasted growth rate of 7.5 % for Indian economy in 2016 and 2017.
  625. Government revised rehabilitation of bonded labour scheme, bringing it into the Central sector. Scheme proposes to increase the Budget provision from rs. 5 crore to about Rs. 47 crore per annum.
  626. SBI's Overseas subsidiary, Nepal SBI Bank launched payment gateway to facilitate transactions between Nepal and India.
  627. Public sector Bank Punjab National Bank reported largest net loss of rs. 5,367.14 crore for 4th quarter ended 31st of March, 2016. This is the biggest quarterly loss in Indian bank history. 
  628. Ola signed MoU with National Safai Karamcharis Finance and Development Corporation (NSKFDC) to Build a sustainable framework by supporting entrepreneurship and self-defence courses for Safai Karamcharis and Scavengers.
  629. Japanese financial company Nomura exited its mutual fund joint venture with India's Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).
  630. Tata Power Renewable Energy will develop 2 solar-grid connected photovoltaic projects of 50 mw capacity each in Pavagada Solar Park in Tumkur district of Karnataka.
  631. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research appointed Rakesh Kumar Mishra appointed as Director of Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB).
  632. As per World Cities Report 2016 – Urbanization and Development: Emerging Futures report by UN Habitat -
    1. Urban areas contributing 60% of the GDP and an extra 30 crore urban residents are projected by 2050. Government of India will need to build 100 new cities with low infrastructure, denser and low energy to tackle needs of such population growth.
  633. Rupa Iyer, Indian-American bio-technologist received University of Houston's highest teaching award for her contributions to education in USA.
  634. Sevilla named champions of UEFA Europa League for third straight year after they defeated Liverpool. 
  635. 17 May - 2016 World Telecommunication and Information Society Day. Theme is ICT entrepreneurship for social impact.
  636. 17 May - World Hypertension Day. Theme is Know Your Numbers
  637. Michel Temer appointed as president of Brazil after 6-months Suspension of Dilma Rouseff.
  638. FC Barcelona were crowned La Liga champions for second straight time and 24th time overall, after they defeated FC Granada.
  639. Rio Olympics qualified sprinter Sudha Singh set a new national record in 3,000-meter steeplechase category by clocking 9 minutes and 26.55 seconds in IAAF Diamond League race in Shanghai.
  640. Malaysia won women's Asian Team squash Championships in Chinese Taipei, by defeating India.
  641. Actress Celina Jaitly honoured by Harvey Milk Foundation for her contribution to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) equality as a United Nations Equality Champion.
  642. Deepak Shodhan, India's oldest Test cricketer and 2nd Indian to score a memorable test century in his debut innings, has passed away.
  643. Han Kang became First South Korean author to win Man Booker International Prize after she won 2016 Prize for her novel The Vegetarian.
  644. India and Bangladesh concluded a nuclear agreement to engage bilateral neighborhood relationship. Indian nuclear deal will equip and train Bangladesh to import their first nuclear power plant from Russia.
  645. Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited got 1,600 crores order from joint venture company of National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) and Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) to set up a coal based thermal power project in Odisha.
  646. India’s renewable energy sector has been ranked third in the Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index (RECAI) with China at second and the US on top. Index ranks 40 markets on the attractiveness of their renewable energy investment and deployment opportunities.
  647. UK-based Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) will shut down its corporate, institutional and retail banking operations in India. RBS currently operates 10 retail branches in India employing 400 people.
  648. Pfizer Inc (USA) will buy Anacor Pharmaceuticals (USA) in a $5.2-billion (£3.61 billion).
  649. British Royals launched Heads Together campaign at Queen Elizabeth Park in East London, with aim of changing national conversation on mental health and wellbeing.
  650. Renowned author of Harry Potter series, JK Rowling has been honoured with highest French civilian honour French Legion Of Honour.
  651. French astrophysicist Andre Brahic, knwon for discovery of Neptune's rings, Passed away.
  652. 3-member Indian women's archery team comprising Deepika Kumari, Bombayla Devi and Laxmirani Majhi named for Rio Olympics after several selection trials.
  653. IndiGo airlines appointed Rohit Philip as its new Chief Financial Officer.
  654. Shell India has announced Nitin Prasad as its new India head.
  655. England Cricket Awards 2016 -
    1. Joe Root won 3 awards - Test Player of the Year, Limited Overs Player of the Year and Fans' Player of the Year.
    2. Anya Shrubsole - women's cricketer of the year
    3. Callum Flynn - best cricketer with a disability.
    4. David Lloyd - special achievement award, for his 50-year stint as a player, umpire, commentator and coach.
  656. 16 May - National Day for Disease of Dengue. Government of India recently declared May 16 as National Dengue Day to mark the toll the deadly disease has been taking in terms of lives and to reaffirm nationwide efforts to tackle it.
  657. Indian non-fiction short film on girl child education Beti has been invited for a special screening at 42nd edition of Seattle International Film Festival (SIFF) 2016b (Washington DC).
  658. Rajasthan became first Indian state to issue newspaper advertisements for the post of Vice Chancellor (VC) of government universities.
  659. As per National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), Indias GDP growth rate is projected to 7.6 % in FY 16 (2015-16) and 7.7 % FY 17 (2016-17) because of a favourable monsoon.
  660. Rwanda hosted 26th World Economic Forum on Africa (WEF) in its capital Kigali. Theme is - Connecting Africa's Resources through Digital Transformation.
  661. Iran has stopped free shipping of oil to Indian refiners from April 2016. Note tat Iran since 2013, has offered free shipping due to international sanctions imposed on it because of its nuclear program.
  662. National Aluminium Company (Nalco) signed MoU with Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) for Research and Development (R&D) in fields of mutual interest.
  663. Kotak Mahindra Bank Chief Uday Kotak (Net worth $7.1 billion), is sonly Indian in Forbes' 'Money Masters: The Most Powerful People In The Financial World' list of 40. List topped by Blackstone Group's CEO Stephen Schwarzman (worth $10.2 billion).
  664. Music composer AR Rahman has been made Goodwill Ambassador for Rio Olympics. Rahman is India's fourth Goodwill Ambassador after Bollywood actor Salman Khan, Olympic gold medalist Abhinav Bindra and cricketer Sachin Tendulkar.
  665. Central Asian state leaders inaugurated Central Asia South Asia (CASA-1000) transmission line in Tajikistan to link Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan and Pakistan and to promote regional stability.
  666. Parkash Singh committee submitted its report on Jat Quota in Haryana.
  667. Securities and Exchange Board of India approved appointment of Ashok Chawla as National Stock Exchange (NSE)'s new Chairman.
  668. Rwandan cricket captain Eric Dusingizimana has set a new Guinness world record by batting out a straight 51 hours as longest individual net session. He beat record set last year by India's Virag Mane (50 hours).
  669. Postal department of India went high tech by geo tagging 1.5 Lakh post offices on Bhuvan Portal (ISRO) and monitoring timely clearance of letter boxes through a mobile app.
  670. Government approved Odisha Government's proposal to set up Kalinganagar National Investment and Manufacturing Zone in Jajpur district with cost approx 4200 crores. This is third Investment and Manufacturing Zone of India involving a massive area of 163 sqr km.
  671. 15 May - International Day of Families. Theme for 2016 is Families, healthy lives and sustainable future.
  672. Government approved joint issue of UN Women HeForShe postage stamp and a MoU has been signed between Department of Posts and United Nations Postal Administration (UNPA) in for this purpose.
  673. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved offering an improved Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS) package based on 2007 notional pay scales for employees of Hindustan Vegetable Oils Corporation (HVOC). It will bring relief to employees of HVOC. that were suffering due to financial sickness of the company.
  674. Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama, Prime Minister of Fiji visited India.
  675. Cyclonic storm ROANU over west central Bay of Bengal Hits Indian Coastal states of Odisha, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.
  676. India and Slovenia signed Protocol amending existing Convention and Protocol between two countries for avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion.
  677. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) conducted trial run of countrys first ever driverless Metro train. Driverless trains will run on over 58 km-long Majlish Park-Shiv Vihar (Line 7) and over 38 km-long Janakpuri (West)- Botanical Garden (Line 8) corridors of Phase-III.
  678. Indian American professor Rakesh K. Jain will be presented 2015 National Medal of Science of USA.
  679. Indian American teenager from Texas Syamantak Payra won $50,000 Intel Foundation Young Scientist Award for his work in making a low-cost electronically-aided knee brace device which allows people with weakened legs to be able to walk better.s
  680. Income Tax (IT) department launched electronic grievance redressal system e-nivaran to fast track taxpayer grievances and ensure early resolution of their complaints.
  681. World's largest single rooftop solar power plant of 11.5 MegaWatt (MW) capacity inaugurated at Dera Baba Jaimal Singh in Beas near Amritsar in Punjab. It is spread over 82 acres of rooftop in single campus with installed capacity of 19.5 MW. Cost has been around 139 crores and would generate clean and green energy sufficient to power approximately 8,000 homes. It will also help in abating 4-lakh tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) in next 25 years.
  682. Odisha Government launched Green Passage scheme for orphan students to ensure that they get free of cost higher education in the state.
  683. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) successfully launched a super pressure balloon to conduct near-space scientific investigations, from South Island Wanaka Airport (New Zealand). The balloon is 532,000 cubic metres and aims to remain airborne for more than 100 days.
  684. Indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II surface-to-surface missile successfully test-fired. It is Capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of nuclear as well as conventional warheadsm with Strike Range 350 km.
  685. World's first robot lawyer ROSS has been employed by a US law firm BakerHostetler. It will assist the law firm in legal research.
  686. State Bank of India decided to merge its five associate public sector banks (PSBs) and Bharatiya Mahila Bank (BMB) with itself. 5 subsidiary banks are - State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur, State Bank of Hyderabad, State Bank of Mysore, State Bank of Patiala and State Bank of Travancore.
  687. Government opened a special Tatkal like window to expedite examination process of patent applications by start-ups as well as of entities choosing India for filing first patent. It is aiming to reduce time frame for grant of patents to 18 months from the present 5-7 years by March 2018.
  688. HDFC Bank launched SmartUp, a dedicated solution for startups to fulfil all their banking needs. It was launched in association with Mumbai-based accelerator Zone Startups India (ZSI).
  689. Scientists from University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) developed world's first genetically engineered clone of Zika virus strain. They dubbed it as infectious complementary DNA (cDNA) clone.
  690. 14 May - World Fair Trade Day (Second Saturday of May Each Year).
  691. India's Mukul Mudgal appointed as Deputy Chairman of FIFA Governance Committee. While General Luis Miguel Maduro from Portugal was appointed as Chairman of FIFAs governance committee.
  692. Income Declaration Scheme 2016 / 4 month window for declaration of domestic black money (Dhan Wapsi) will be effective from 1st June 2016. It provides an opportunity to all persons who have not declared income correctly in earlier years to declare their undisclosed incomes. Under this,
    1. Declared income would be taxed at rate of 30 % plus ‘Krishi Kalyan cess of 25 % on taxes payable and a penalty at rate of 25 % of taxes payable. Thus, total tax to be paid will be 45% of income declared.
    2. Declarations can be filed online or with the Principal Commissioners of Income-tax. The surcharge and penalty must be paid by 30th November, 2016.
  693. Red Bull F1 driver Max Verstappen (18 years age) from Netherlands became Formula Ones youngest winner, after he won 2016 Spanish Grand Prix.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
          Monaco 29 May  
          Canada 12 June  
          Europe 19 June  
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  694. Italian Open Tennis 2016 -
    1. Men's Singles - Andy Murray (Britain) defeated Novak Djokovic (Serbia)
    2. Womens Singles - Serena Williams (USA) defeated Madison Keys (USA).
    3. Womens Doubles - Sania Mirza (India) and her Swiss partner Martina Hingis. defeated Russian pair of Ekaterina Makarova and Elena Vesnina.
    4. Mens doubles - Bob Bryan and Mike Bryan (USA) defeated pair of Vasek Pospisil (Canada) and Jack Sock (United States).
  695. Former ISRO Chairman Udupi Ramachandra Rao became first Indian to be given Hall of Fame Award by International Astronautical Federation (IAF).
  696. China successfully launched Yaogan-30 remote-sensing satellite into sun-synchronous orbit (SSO) using Long March-2D rocket.
  697. India Successfully tested Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile - Ashwin. During Test, It hit target missile which another ballistic missile (Prithvi). Ashwin AAD is capable of destroying any incoming hostile ballistic missile. It is 7.5-meter long and weighs around 1.2 tonnes.
  698. 5 Indians - Shubhkaran Yadav, Manish Malik, Rakesh Kumar and Amal Deka have been chosen posthumously for United Nations Dag Hammarskjold Medal for their courage and sacrifice. They are among 124 personnel who have been posthumously awarded a prestigious UN medal.
  699. India and United States (US) held their first Maritime Security Dialogue in New Delhi for deepening evolving partnership in maritime domain.
  700. Deepak Gupta sworn-in as Chief Justice (CJ) of Chhattisgarh High Court.
  701. NTPC signed a joint venture agreement (JVA) with Coal India to revive plants of Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited (FCIL).
  702. Nandini Bhandaru, a PhD student at IIT-Kharagpur won Young Scientist Award of European Materials Research Societys (E-MRS) for contribution to materials science, for her contribution to materials science and nanotechnology, particularly nano-patterning of soft films and surfaces.
  703. World Bank approved 625 million USD loan to support Indias grid connected rooftop solar programme to generate clean energy. Loan has maturity of 20 years and a 19.5 year grace period.
  704. Book White magic: A story of heart break , Hard Drugs and Hope has been authored by Arjun Nath.
  705. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) established Nozzle Testing Laboratories (NTL) at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram (Andhra Pradesh) to carry out advanced R&D esearch in area of rocket nozzle.
  706. Tony Cozier, legendary West Indies commentator passed away.
  707. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh organized 3-day International Vichaar Mahakumbh conference at Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh.
  708. Book Chaos and Caliphate: Jihadis and the West in the Struggle for the Middle East, has been authored by Patrick Cockburn (Ireland).
  709. Hindupur Pradeep Rao appointed as Deputy Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG).
  710. US President Barack Obama honoured Indian-American elementary teacher Revathi Balakrishnan from Texas for her excellent work in field of education.
  711. Shashank Manohar elected as ICCs (International Cricket Council) first independent Chairman for 2 years.
  712. President Pranab Mukherjee presented National Florence Nightingale Awards to 35 nursing personnel from across the country.
  713. National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) fixed ceiling price of 54 drug formulations used for treatment of cancer, bacterial infections, diabetes and hypertension.
  714. Supreme Court of India ruled that Telecom companies will not compensate mobile phone users for inconvenience caused by call drops and the TRAI Regulation that made it mandatory for telecom companies to compensate subscribers for call drops from January 2016, stands illegal.
  715. Indian Air Force launched its Electronic Maintenance Management System (e-MMS) Project, an automated military maintenance system
    1. The e-MMS project is one of largest Maintenance Repair Overhaul (MRO) IT implementation in world.
    2. It has been developed by Wipro, for which contract was signed in 2013. e-MMS will help IAF to get rid of paper works and heavy logbooks.
  716. 19 Singaporean terms and 13 Hong Kong terms were added into Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and became officially recognised as acceptable English. Some of words are -
    1. Wah - expression of delight or surprise.
    2. Shiok - cool / great / delicious / superb.
    3. Yum cha - a type of Chinese brunch.
    4. Wet market - a market selling fresh meat and produce.
    5. Blur - confused / ignorant.
    6. Sabo - to harm or play a prank on.
    7. Sandwich class - informal term used to refer to middle class
    8. Milk tea - drink made from black tea and milk
    9. Shroff - a cashier, especially at a car park
  717. As per recent World Health Organisations (WHO) Urban Air Quality Data -
    1. Top 10 Polluted Cities - Irans Zabol (217), Indias Gwalior (176) and Allahabad (170), Saudi Arabias Riyadh (156) and Al Jubail (152), Indias Patna (149) and Raipur (144), Cameroons Bamenda (132), Chinad Xingtai (128) and Baoding (126).
  718. United States (US) President Barack Obama appointed Indian-American engineer Manjit Singh as member of President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships (PACFBNF).
  719. India and Canada, Iceland, Israel, New Zealand and China have signed OECD’s (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, for boosting automatic exchange of information on tax issues and developing new tools to tackle tax evasion.
  720. ICICI Bank launched India's first contactless business credit card in association with Jet Airways for small and mid-sized enterprises (SMEs), named as Jet Airways ICICI Bank Business Advantage Card. Card is powered by VISA payWave contactless technology.
  721. Kenyan Government hasdecided to close Dadaab refugee camp, referred to as worlds largest refugee camp having 330000 refugees mostly from Somalia.
  722. USA activated a land-based missile defence station (Aegis Ashore Missile Defence System) in Romania, as part of NATOs larger European shield to protect member countries from short and medium-range missiles, particularly from Middle East.
  723. Cricketer Anil Kumble has been re-appointed ICC (International Cricket Council) Cricket Committee chairman for second term of 3 years. Rahuil dravid has been elected as a member.
  724. NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog decided to come up with a 15-year vision document in relation with global trends and economic growth. It will replace five-year plans continued since 1951.
    1. First 15-year vision document will come into effect from 2017-18 after end of 12th Five year plan.
    2. It will be formulated with central objective of eradication poverty.
    3. It will come along with a seven-year National Development Agenda which will lay down the programmes schemes, and strategies to achieve the long-term vision.
  725. Naveen Sinha appointed as 31st Chief Justice of Rajasthan High Court.
  726. Senegal's UN diplomat Fatma Samba Diouf Samoura named First Female as Secretary General of FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) Council.
  727. Red Flag Aerial combat exercises between US, NATO and allied forces and India Air Force (IAF) concluded in Alaska (USA). This was second time India in such an exercise after 2008.
  728. India signed Project Collaboration Agreement (PCA) with World Health Organization (WHO) for cooperation on promoting effectiveness of traditional and complementary medicines. PCA aims at supporting WHO in development of WHO Traditional and Complementary Medicine Strategy.
  729. Indian artist Anjali Chandrashekar won 3rd prize in UN Poster for Peace contest, presented by UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (ODA) to raise awareness of need for nuclear disarmament. Her poster Cutting Barriers through Peace featured a peace dove slicing through a nuclear weapon.
  730. Government approve MoU between Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and Financial Services Regulatory Authority (FSRA) of Abu Dhabi for co-operation and technical assistance.
  731. Government approved status of Central University for Rajendra Agriculture University, PUSA, Samastipur (Bihar).
  732. Foreign Secretary of India, S Jaishankar visited Bangladesh.
  733. H.E. Maithripala Sirisena, President of Sri Lanka visited India. PM Narendra Modi along with Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena released ‘Simhastha Declaration’ at Ninora village in Ujjain.
  734. Sweden's Minister for Justice & Migration, Morgan Johansson visited India.
  735. MoU signed between Ministry of Textiles and NDTV Ethnic Retail Ltd. for popularizing India Handloom textiles as a fashionable product for youth.
  736. Book Tagores Vision of the Contemporary World, written by Indra Nath Choudhuri has been released.
  737. Book Tagore and Russia, written by Reba Som and Sergei Serebriany has been released.
  738. Government approved National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy 2016 to promote IP regime and to encourage innovation and entrepreneurship with theme - Creative India; Innovative India. The Policy lays down seven objectives - IPR Awareness, Generation of IPRs, Advertisement Legal and Legislative Framework, Administration and Management, Commercialization of IPRs, Enforcement and Adjudication and Human Capital Development.
  739. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries organized national conference on ‘Gaushalas (cowsheds) in New Delhi.
  740. Road, ransport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari launched ePACE, INFRACON and an updated INAMPRO IT initiatives, developed by National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd.
    1. ePACE(Projects Appraisal & Continuing Enhancements) - integrated Management  Information System that brings projects from all wings of Ministry under a common platform,  ensuring  their effective and real time tracking.
    2. INFRACON is the National Portal for Infrastructure Consultancy Firms and Key Personnel.
    3. INAM PRO has been developed as a web-based application ( for Infrastructure and Material Providers.
  741. Commerce & Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman visited Myanmar for India-Myanmar Business Conclave at Yangon.
  742. Government constituted a 5 Member Committee under N.K. Singh, to give recommendations on FRBM (Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management) roadmap for future In pursuance of Budget Announcement 2016-17.
  743. Railways renamed Bengaluru city station after Karnataka's 19th century revolutionary freedom fighter and warrior Krantivira Sangolli Rayanna.
  744. 11 May - National Technology Day. 2016 Theme is Technology enablers of Startup India'. The day marks several technological achievements for India including -
    1. First of five tests of Operation Shakti (Pokhran-II) nuclear test, held on 11 May 1998 in Pokhran, Rajasthan.
    2. First indigenous aircraft Hansa-3 was test flown at Bangalore and successful test of Trishul missile held on the same day.
  745. Government approved to allow flexibility in optimal use of domestic coal to reduce cost of electricity generation and purchase. It will leverage coal to electricity conversion and also optimize transportation cost.
  746. Indian Railways created a Non-Fare Revenue Directorate to carry out advertisements in rail Assets, to increase revenue substantially from non-tariff sources. Mobility Directorate will also be constituted, to focus on areas like speed enhancement.
  747. A massive wildfire struck city of Fort McMurray in Alberta province of Western Canada, causing huge damages.
  748. International Cricket Council (ICC) lifted provisional suspension imposed on Sri Lanka wicket-keeper batsman Kusal Perera.
  749. President Pranab Mukherjee approved appointment of 4 judges to Supreme Court. These names were recommended by Supreme Court Collegium headed by Chief Justice of India TS Thakur.
    1. AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan, and L Nageshwar Rao.
    2. With this, judicial strength of Supreme Court moved up to 28. Max being 31 (30 Justices + 1 Cheif Justice of India).
  750. Charlotte Edwards, Englands women cricket team captain announced her retirement.
  751. Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademark granted patent to USA's Gilead Sciences for its Hepatitis C drug Sofosbuvir (brand name Sovaldi) in India.
  752. South American nation Argentina adopted the Social Fridge Policy to to feed needy ones who are facing hardship due to increase in job cuts and inflation in the country.
    1. Genesis of‘social fridge or ‘solidarity fridge is in recent economic crisis of Europe during which countries like Spain and Germany saw the mushrooming of such fridges. It is called so because people leave food in outdoor "social fridges" for those who need it.
  753. Book Chaos and Caliphate: Jihadis and the West in the Struggle for the Middle East authored by Patrick Cockburn has been released.
  754. Google launched Free Public Wi-Fi Service at 5 Indian Railway Stations (Ujjain, Jaipur, Patna, Guwahati and Allahabad) as part of RailWire initiative of RailTel Corporation .
  755. Book India vs Pakistan: Why Cant we just be Friends, written by Husain Haqqani has been released.
  756. Indian-American Revathi Balakrishnan is honoured by USA as 2016 Texas Elementary Teacher of the Year for her excellent work in the field of education.
  757. 10 May - World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) with 2016 theme Stop the Illegal Killing, Taking and Trade of Migratory Birds.
  758. Indian boxers won 4 medals at 7th Asian Youth Championships in Kazakhstan.
  759. Noted US actor William Schallert passed away.
  760. Tech Firm Apple appointed Sanjay Kaul as Head for Apple India.
  761. Classifieds business Quikr acquired Salosa, an on-demand in-home beauty services provider.
  762. Karnataka Bank launched cash back campaign for its VISA debit cardholders.
  763. India will to develop regional connectivity projects worth $5 billion in South Asia, including road corridors connecting India with Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan through West Bengal and India-Myanmar through Manipur.
  764. India and Mauritius signed protocol for amendment of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) for checking Tax Evasion.
  765. Indian Navy launched new Harbour Defence Systems at Naval Dockyard in Visakhapatnam, including Integrated Underwater Harbour Defence and Surveillance System (IUHDSS) and Mine Warfare Data Centre (MWDC).
  766. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released consultation paper on Peer to Peer (P2P) lending to classify it as Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC).
    1. Peer to Peer lending is a form of crowd -funding which can be defined as the use of an online platform that matches lenders with borrowers in order to provide unsecured loans.
  767. US jury of St Louise ordered Johnson & Johnson (J&J) to pay 55 million USD to Gloria Ristesund, who claimed that companys talcum powder caused her ovarian cancer.
  768. 51 Enclaves (Approx 7000 acres) in Coochbehar district of West Bengal voted for the first time since independence. They came into India in 2015 after an agreement signed between India and Bangaldesh in 1974 was bought into force on 31-07-2015.
  769. Astronomers discovered 3 planets with similar size and temperatures as those of Venus and Earth, using TRAPPIST telescope at ESOs La Silla Observatory. They ar orbiting an ultra-cool dwarf star at approx 40 light-years from Earth.
  770. International Monetary Fund Economic Outlook for Asia and Pacific -
    1. Indias growth rate will be at 7.5 % in 2016-17.
    2. Growth in Asia and the Pacific is expected to be 5.3 % in 2017
    3. China's growth is forecast to moderate from 6.9 % in 2015, to 6.5 % in 2016 and 6.2 % in 2017.
    4. Japan's growth will be 0.5 % in 2016 and -0.1 % in 2017.
  771. USA Navy tested world's largest unmanned surface vessel named Sea Hunter. It is a self-driving 132-foot ship able to travel up to 10000 nautical miles on its own.
  772. 9 May, 2016 - 475th Birth Anniversary of Maharana Pratap . Government released a Commemorative coin of Rs. 100 and a Circulation coin of Rs. 10 on this occasion. 
  773. IREDA (Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency) will be converted into a Green Bank to enable its access funding from overseas banks, to entitled it to avail of certain benefits supported by Power Ministry.
  774. National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) approved projects worth Rs. 2446 crores for Development of Ganga Ghats.
  775. Musician Angelique Kidjo (USA) along with three inspirational African youth activist movements have been declared joint winners of Amnesty International top 2016 human rights award.
  776. Google partnered with Idea Cellular to offer direct carrier billing in India. Idea users will now be able to make purchases on Google Play Store directly through their postpaid and prepaid accounts.
  777. E-commerce Firm Snapdeal acquired Gurgaon-based predictive marketing technology startup TargetingMantra for  undisclosed amount.
  778. Somnath Ghosh is appointed as next Ambassador of India to Tajikistan.
  779. E-commerce Firm Flipkart will launch its own map services in tie up with MapUnity, to better handle its shipping activities.
  780. Yes Bank received Custodian of Securities licence from SEBI to allow Yes Bank to offer custodial services to financial market participants (FIIs , foreign portfolio investors).
  781. Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines will conduct coordinated sea patrols and establish a hotline to combat piracy and kidnappings in waters bordering the three nations.
  782. Australian state of Victoria, Swinburne University sigend two agreements with India in medical technology to address major health challenges in India.
  783. Nepal recalled its Ambassador to India (Deep Kumar Upadhyaya) over charges of non-cooperation and indulging in anti-government activities.
  784. Enda Kenny has been re-elected as Ireland's Taoiseach (prime minister of Ireland) for a second term.
  785. Kerala based South Indian Bank tied-up with National Australian Bank (NAB) for online inward remittances from Australia at a competitive rate.
  786. England automative brand Jaguar Land Rover tied up with UK-based Bullitt Group to develop mobile devices and a range of accessories.
  787. Infosys Foundation signed pact with Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Pune to support students from economically weaker section to pursue ‘high quality’ education.
  788. Ministry of Environment and Forests launched a web-based application on Integrated Waste Management System (, for better management of waste.
  789. Government allowed 100 % foreign direct investment (FDI) in asset reconstruction companies (ARCs) under automatic route, up from 49%.
  790. Leading cloud telephony company, Knowlarity acquired Delhi-based customer engagement platform Smartwards.
  791. 8 May - Birth anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. India held a cultural festival in Egypt on this occasion.
  792. Mikhail Myasnikovich, Chairman of Council of Republic of National Assembly of Belarus Visited India.
  793. PM Narendra Modi has launched India's first solar powered e-boats at Assi Ghat in river Ganga, Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh).
  794. All four Southern languages - Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Odia are now Included in classical languages of India, Earlier, Sanskrit alone had this status.
  795. e-Commerce Firm PayTm has tied up with Wipro IT services for implementing technology infrastructure for PayTm's upcoming Payment bank business.
  796. Indian Boxer Vijender Singh recorded his 5th consecutive victory in Professional Boxing after defeating Matiouze Royer (France).
  797. Jammu and Kashmir government signed MoU with Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi for setting up an IIT in Jammu.
  798. IT services Firm Wipro inaugurated Saudi Arabia's first all women business and technology park (WBP) in Riyadh.
  799. Bharti Airtel and networking player GBI partnered to increase Airtel's reach in West Asian countries.
  800. Leicester City's Jamie Vardy named 2015-16 Footballer of Year by Football Writers Association (FWA).
  801. Cricketr Rohit Sharma became Brand Ambassador of world famous Swiss luxury watch maker Hublot.
  802. Future Groups Chief Executive Kishore Biyani has been appointed managing director of Bharti Retail after merger of Retails Businesses of Future Group and Bharti Retail in 2015.
  803. Sameer Chadha appointed as partner and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of KPMG India.
  804. Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari appointed Sergio Marchionne as new CEO.
  805. Government launched named MICE (meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions) initiative for up gradation of tourism sector in India.
  806. JSW Energy bought a 1,000 MW power plant of Jindal Steel and Power, located in Chhattisgarh.
  807. National stock exchange will launch a new trade receivable and credit exchange platform for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). This It will help MSMEs to file their bill against large companies.
  808. According to IMF (International Monetary Fund), Financial inequality is highest in India and China among Asia Pacific countries. China and India's rapid growth has been accompanied by increasing levels of inequality. Inter provincial inequality is lower in India than in China, and rising inequality in India is primarily in urban phenomenon.
  809. European Central Bank (ECB) announced to stop producing 500 euro banknote by the end of 2018.
  810. Corporation Bank received excellence award on empowering MSMEs by Federation of Industry, Trade and Services (FITS).
  811. 7 May - World Athletics Day.
  812. Book Exploring Marxist Bengal, authored by Debraj Bhattacharya has been released.
  813. Madhya Pradesh government will launch Nagaroday Abhiyan, under Gramoday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan in July-August 2016, with focus on welfare of people of urban localities.
  814. Cricketer Sachin Tendulkar has been made Indias goodwill ambassador for the 2016 Rio Olympics, along with Actor Salman Khan and Olympic shooting champion Abhinav Bindra.
  815. Ashok Kumar became first Indian Kabaddi Refree to officiate in 2016 Rio Olympic Games.
  816. AP Disaster Recovery Project (APDRP) will be funded jointly by World Bank and Andhra Pradesh government in ratio 68 (World Bank) : 32 (AP Govt.). World Bank will finance 1,550 crore and AP government will spend 670 crore) in the project.
  817. As per SocialCops' analysis of World Bank data -
    1. India is 137th out of 210 countries on electrification with 78.7% of its population having access to electricity.
    2. There are 87 countries with 100% access to electricity, 40 countries with 90-99%, and 6 countries with 80-89%.
  818. Report Protecting People through Nature: Natural World Heritage Sites as Drivers of Sustainable Development by World Wildlife Fund for nature (WWF) -
    1. As per study, 114 World Heritage sites out of 229 in 96 countries have oil, gas or mining concessions overlapping them or are under threat from at least one harmful industrial activity.
  819. 2016 Malabar trilateral naval exercise will be hosted by Japan with naval ships of USA, India and Japan participating in it.
  820. Book Incarnations : India in 50 lives, is authored by Sunil Khilnani.
  821. Zimbabwe will print its own version of US dollars i.e. bond notes in order to ease cash shortage. Specially-designed $2, $5, $10 and $20 bond notes will have same value as their US dollar equivalents.
  822. Nagaland Police department won National Award for Smart Policing in the category of Road Safety and Traffic Management for initiative of SMS based Vehicle Monitoring System, by FICCI.
  823. 11th Habitat Film Festival 2016 Held in New Delhi with showcasing some of best films of 2015-2016.
  824. Kalraj Mishra, Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) inaugurated Harmukh Khadi Gram Udyog Sansthan in Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir).
  825. Book Anubandh: Building 100-mile communities is authored by Ela Bhatt.
  826. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) commissioned a 600 MW coal-based thermal power plant in at Jhabua Thermal Power Project (TPP) in Seoni (Madhya Pradesh).
  827. H.R. Nagendra Committee on Yoga Education in Universities submitted its report to the Government .
  828. A bug over half a metre long (62.4 centimetres ) discovered in southern China has been declared worlds longest insect amongst 807,625 known insects.
  829. USA President Barack Obama approved National Bison Legacy Act for officially making American bison the country's first national mammal.
  830. Rodrigo Digong Duterte won Presidential Presidential Elections of Philippines.
  831. NASA's unmanned Kepler space observatory discovered largest trove (group) of exoplanets outside our solar system. Of the new trove of 1,284 exoplanets, nearly 550 are said to be rocky planets like Earth.
  832. Harish Rawat led Congress Government won floor test in Uttarakhand legislative assembly. Mr Rawat will now assume as Chief Minister after Presidents rule revoked in state recently.
  833. Uttar Pradesh Government will develop over 197 km long bicycle highway from Agra up to the lion safari in Etawah to encourage eco-tourism in vicinity of Taj Mahal.
  834. Reliance Jio Infocomm launched digital wallet service named JioMoney Wallet. It's prepaid wallet that will easy mobile-based transactions for Indians for purchasing goods and services.
  835. Book Great Acceleration: How the World is Getting Faster, Faster, is authored by Robert Colvile.
  836. Andhra Pradesh will become first Indian State to make all of its urban areas Open Defecation Free by October 2016.
  837. Andhra Pradesh Government launched Chandranna Bima Yojana as an insurance scheme for working class people in State. Under this, Rs. 5 lakh would be paid if insured worker met with an accidental death or permanent disability and 3 lakh for partial disability.
  838. 6th Senior Mens National Hockey championship 2016 won by Railway Sports Promotion Board (RSPB) by defeating Hockey Punjab.
  839. Nour El Sherbini (Egypt, age - 20) became youngest ever Women's squash World champion by defeating Laura Massaro of England.
  840. BCCI nominated Virat Kohli for prestigious Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award 2016 and Ajinkya Rahane for Arjuna Award.
  841. Ajay Mittal appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
  842. According to a study by Organisation Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and European Unions Intellectual Property Office, India is 5th biggest exporter of fake goods in world. List is topped by China, followed by Turkey, Singapore and Thailand.
  843. Three Indian names selected to list of 50 scientists elected as Fellows of Royal Society (premier scientific academy of UK and Commonwealth). Indians are - Sriram Ramaswamy (TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Hyderabad), Ramanujan Hegde (MRC Laboratory of Microbiology, UK) and applied mathematician Lakshminarayanan Mahadevan(Harvard University).
  844. Book Politics of the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, authored by Yeshi Choedon has been released.
  845. Nico Rosberg (Germany) won 2016 Formula One Russian Grand Prix 2016.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Spain 15 May  
          Monaco 29 May  
          Canada 12 June  
          Europe 19 June  
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  846. Fourth South Asia Initiative to End Violence Against Children (SAIEVAC) Ministerial Meeting held in New Delhi.
  847. Gujarat Government has accorded minority status to Jain community in state.
  848. Scientists have detected atomic oxygen in the atmosphere of Mars for the first time. It was detected using an instrument onboard the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).
  849. As per recent study by The Economist , -
    1. India is ranked ninth in 2015 Crony-Capitalism Index with crony sector wealth accounting for 3.4 % of gross domestic product (GDP). In India, non-crony sector wealth is 8.3 % of GDP.
    2. Top countries in the list: Russia (1st), Malaysia (2nd), Philippines (3rd) and Singapore (4th). Top ranking in the list indicates countries are engaged more in crony capitalism.
    3. Crony capitalism is a term describing an economy in which success in business depends on close relationships between business people and government officials.
  850. United Nations launched UN Zika Response Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) to finance critical unfunded priorities in the response to the Zika outbreak.
  851. Single emergency number, 112 will be operational throughout India from January 1, 2017 to help people reach immediate services of police, ambulance and fire department.
  852. Indian-origin lawyer Murali Pillai from Singapore's ruling Peoples Action Party (PAP) has been elected as a member of parliament of Singapore.
  853. Mrugank Paranjape appointed as managing director (MD) and chief executive officer (CEO) of Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX).
  854. Bombay High Court Advocate Atma Ram Nadkarni is appointed as Additional Solicitor General.
  855. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) unveiled first global digital elevation (topographic model) of Mercury, made by 10000 images captured by NASAs MESSENGER ((MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) mission.
  856. Mutua Madrid Open Tennis title -
    1. Men's Singles - Novac Djokovic (Serbia) defeated Andy Murray (Britain)
    2. Womens Singles - Simona Halep (Romania) defeated Dominika Cibulkova of Slovakia.
  857. Government launched 9 projects initiatives for rural sanitation initiatives for conservation of river Ganga in Jharkhand. Under this, villages located on 83 Km. stretch of Ganga River in Jharkhand will be covered to improve the health and quality of life.
  858. Indian Army conducted major military training exercise 2016 Chakravyuh-II in Suratgarh (Rajasthan), in conjunction with the Indian Air Force (IAF).
  859. United Kingdoms first baby named Biagio Russo was born in Oxford using Next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) method. This method uses a revolutionary In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) technique resulting in better selection of embryos to transfer during the treatment.
  860. Scientists from Queen’s University (Canada) developed world’s first holographic flexible smartphone named HoloFlex, that lets users to interact with 3D Media without using any headgear or glasses. HoloFlex features a high-definition Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diode (FOLED) touch-screen display.
  861. Shashank Manohar resigned as President of Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
  862. Indian Navy decommissioned aging fleet of Sea Harriers, to be replaced by a squadron of Russian MIG 29k jets.
  863. Madhya Pradesh Tourism (MPT) won the Lonely Planet Groups Best Indian Destination for Wildlife Award.
  864. Government constituted a committee under Sanjay Mitra (Secretary of Union Ministry of Road Transport & Highways), to prepare a policy framework for taxi and other transport operators.
  865. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will issue banknotes of 1000 rupees denominations with inset letter R in both the number panels.
  866. 4 May - International Firefighters' Day (IFFD).
  867. Government approved for adoption of 10 United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics.
  868. Government announced that currently 34 Indian satellites are operational in space. These satellites are
    1. 13 Communication Satellites: INSAT-3A, INSAT-3C, INSAT-4A, INSAT-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-7, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-15 and GSAT-16.
    2. 12 Earth Observation Satellites - Resourcesat-2, RISAT-1, RISAT-2, Cartosat-1, Cartosat-2, Cartosat-2A, Cartosat-2B, Oceansat-2, SARAL, Kalpana-1, Megha-Tropiques and INSAT-3D.
    3. 7 Navigational Satellites - IRNSS-1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F and 1G.
    4. 2 Space science Satellites: Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) and Astrosat
  869. President Pranab Mukherjee conferred 15th Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) Niryat Shree and Niryat Bandhu Awards - .
    1. Reliance Industry - top foreign exchange earner and leading exporter of last 50 years.
    2. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) - Gold Award in IT services.
    3. State Bank of India (SBI) - Gold award among supporting institutions.
  870. Indian author Parashar Kulkarni won regional Commonwealth Short Story Prize for 2016 for Asia region, for his politically grounded, funny fiction story Cow and Company (about four men in search of a cow).
  871. NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Services Companies) signed MoU with Social network Facebook to build a product design initiative for Indian entrepreneurs.
  872. Bangladesh Government approved Anil Ambani-led Reliance Powers first phase of the 3,000 MW LNG-based power plant at Meghnaghat in Narayanganj district. It will be largest Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Bangladesh with a potential investment of over 8,700 crore rupees (1.3 billion dollars).
  873. Seven Indian shuttlers (Badminton players) earned qualification for forthcoming Rio Olympics in August 2016 in Brazil. They are - Saina Nehwal, PV Sindhu, K. Srikanth, Jwala Gutta, Ashwini Ponnappa, Manu Attri and B Sumeeth Reddy.
  874. Lok Sabha passed Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2015 that seeks to ensure time-bound settlement of insolvency. The Code creates time-frame of 180 days for resolution of insolvency of companies and individuals. If insolvency is resolved in stipulated time, assets of borrowers may be sold to repay creditors.
  875. Sadiq Khan of British Labour party became first Muslim to be elected as Mayor of London (UK).
  876. Government approved proposal of Infosys to set up an IT/ITeS special economic zone (SEZ) in Bengaluru, Karnataka in an area spread over 4 hectares.
  877. Former South African cricketer Mickey Arthur is appointed as Pakistan cricket teams head coach.
  878. Pakistan won 3rd edition of Asian Kabaddi Championship 2016 (Circle Style) by defeating India.
  879. Switzerland Government honoured late Indian filmmaker Yash Chopra by unveiling bronze statue at Interlaken, weighing about 250 kilos.
  880. Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) launched Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Shaurya.
  881. ICICI Bank signed MoU with BRICS New Development Bank (NDB) for partnership in bond issuances, co-financing, treasury management and human resources.
  882. USA's private space transport service company, SpaceX launched Japanese JCSAT-14 communication satellite by SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.
  883. Noted actor Shashi Kapoors biography Shashi Kapoor – the Householder, the Star has been released. It has been written by Film Journalist Aseem Chhabra.
  884. To Promote ease of doing business, Government started process for issuance of Unique Business Identification Number (UBIN) to help budding entrepreneurs.
  885. Railways launched Bharat Darshan Tourist train for pilgrims to visit several Pilgrims.
  886. Karnataka Government decided to establish Asia's first Rice Technology Park at Gangavati in Koppal district. A Maize Technology Park will be established at Ranebennur in Haveri district.
  887. 3 May, 2016 - World Asthma Day (First Tuesday in May every year). 2016 theme is You Can Control Your Asthma.
  888. 3 May - World Press Freedom Day, observed by United Nations. 2016 Theme is Access to Information and Fundamental Freedoms – This Is Your Right!”. 2016 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize has been honoured to Khadija Ismayilova, an investigative journalist from Azerbaijan.
  889. HASE Hiroshi, Japan's Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology visited India.
  890. Manohar Kumar appointd as Director (Engineering) of National Projects Construction Corporation Limited (NPCC).
  891. Kumar Rajesh Chandra appointed as Director General in Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS).
  892. ADMM-Plus (ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting Plus) Exercise on Maritime Security and Counter Terrorism (Ex MS & CT) held in Brunei. Indian Navy Ship INS Airavat participated in it.
  893. Government launched Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) for providing free of cost LPG (cooking gas) connections to women from BPL Households. It was launched by PM Narendra Modi from Ballia (Uttar Pradesh) with tagline - Swachh Indhan, Behtar Jeevan.
    1. Under PMUY, each of the beneficiaries will receive monetary support of about 1,600 rupees to get a connection of cooking gas. It includes administrative cost, pressure regulator booklet and safety hose.
  894. Leicester City named champions of English Premier League 2015-16 season. They were crowned after nearest challenger Tottenham Hotspur FC had 2-2 draw with Chelsea FC. The draw placed Tottenham at second position and was not able to surpass Leicester City FCs seven point lead at top of table.
  895. Supreme Court appointed 3-three-member committee under RM Lodha to oversee functions of Medical Council of India (MCI).
  896. Indian American Harmeet Kaur Dhillon elected to newest national committee woman, a key position of Republican National Committee of USA.
  897. Mark Selby from England won 2016 World Championship title of Snooker by defeating China's Ding Junhui.
  898. Google acquired business technology startup Synergyse founded by an Indian-origin entrepreneur Varun Malhotra.
  899. Mexican diplomat Patricia Espinosa is appointed as executive secretary of UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).
  900. Australian entrepreneur Craig Wright publicly identified himself as creator of virtual currency Bitcoin. He claimed that he is real person behind pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto, creator of Bitcoin which was launched in 2009. Satoshi Nakamotos online cash system work in 2009 was the key for creation of online cash system, but he remained anonymous since then.
  901. Scientists at University of Montreal (Canada) developed worlds Smallest (Nano) Thermometer using DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) structures that can resize at specifically defined temperature functions. Worlds smallest thermometer is 20,000 times smaller than a human hair and is fully programmable.
  902. Group of researchers from University of Cambridge built worlds smallest (nanoscale) working engine, led by Jeremy Baumberg from Cavendish Laboratory. They named it ANTs (Actuating Nano-Transducers). This Nanoscale engine is just a few billionths of a metre in size and uses light to power itself.
  903. Andhra Pradesh Agriculture Project won World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) 2016 prize in e-Agriculture category. Harita-Priya (Harmonized Information of Agriculture, Revenue and Irrigation for a Transformation Agenda – Precision Technology for Agriculture) Project is meant to collect very specific climate data from farms and give farmers personalised information through SMS.
  904. Government launched EXIM Analytics Dashboard to provide easy access to detailed trade data of the country. This web-based dashboard will provide an accurate perspective to the general public on the facts around the trade performance in India.
  905. PP Khandekar assumed charge as Air Officer-in-Charge Maintenance.
  906. Annual Master General of Ordnance (MGO) Industry Cooperation Meet (AMICOM-2016) held in Delhi with theme Indigenisation. AMICOM Series is an initiative of Indian Army to engage with indigenous defence industry.
  907. 49th Annual Meeting of Board of Governors of Asian Development Bank (ADB) held in Frankfurt (Germany), attended by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on India's Behalf.
  908. Minister of Railways launched an application - Project Management & Information System (PMIS) for proper Monitoring of all Railway projects throughout country.
  909. Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics Given to Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) for momentous detection of gravitational waves. The $3 million award will be shared between two groups - 1 Milion for three founders of LIGO (Ronald W. P. Drever, Kip S. Thorne, Caltech, Rainer Weiss) and 2 Million will be distributed to 1012 contributors.
  910. Memorandum of Understanding signed with Qatar for cooperation in Information Communication Technology.
  911. Government approved MoU between Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Central Bank of United Arab Emirates (UAE) on co-operation concerning currency swap agreement.
  912. Government approved Memorandum of Co-operation (MoC) between Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD) and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) for cooperation in Information and Communication Technology enabled Real Time Monitoring (ICT-RTM) of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and other related technical matters.
  913. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) is putting studying rain formation in clouds through a research program called Cloud Aerosol Interaction and Precipitation Enhancement Experiment (CAIPEEX). Under this experiment, air borne observations are taken through randomized cloud seeding and the impact is recorded.
  914. Radha Binod Barman is appointed as Chairperson of National Statistical Commission.
  915. Han Zheng, Party Secretary of Shanghai and Member of Politburo of Communist Party of China Visited India.
  916. Vice Admiral Sunil Lanba will be next (23rd) Chief of Indian Navy.
  917. Vijay Shankar Madan is appointwed as Secretary in Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and Girish Shankar appointed as Secretary in Department of Public Enterprises (Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises).
  918. Ministry of Women & Child Development has been administering Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP) Scheme since 1986-87, to impart training to women in modern skills as well as traditional ones and enable women to become self-employed/ entrepreneurs.
  919. 1 May - Labor Day / International Workers' Day / May Day.
  920. Maharashtra Government has launched Adi Praman web based application for states tribal population to get caste validity certificates online. It was launched along with portal named
  921. Madhya Pradesh High Court termed reservation in promotions in state as unconstitutional.
  922. South Indias first underground metro services flagged of in Bengaluru i.e. at East-West corridor (Purple Line) of Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL).
  923. ISSF (International Shooting Sport Federation) Junior World Cup held in Suhl (Germany).
  924. MoU signed between India and Maldives for Conservation and Restoration of Ancient Mosques and other Historical Monuments in Maldives. 
  925. Indian-American journalist Neela Banerjee honored with Edgar A Poe award by USA along with her 3 colleagues from Inside Climate News.
  926. INS Kalvari, Indian Navy's first indigenous Scorpene-class stealth submarine, launched for first sea trial in Mumbai naval dockyard.
  927. Two Indian Naval Ships (INS) Veer and Nipat have been decommissioned.
  928. 3 Indian origin persons have been named among 100 highest-paid CEOs globally. PepsiCo’s Indra Nooyi (22.2 Million USD), LyondellBasell’s Bhavesh Patel (24.5 Million), Microsoft's Satya Nadella ($18.3 Million).
  929. MOU Signed Between NITI Aayog and Singapore Cooperation Enterprise for launching the Urban Management Programme in India, to tap expertise of Singapore in urban sector to build capacities.
  930. Zimbabwe (Country in South Africa) decided to put some of its wild animals for sale, in view of severe drought and worsening finances.
  931. India Finished 4th in Commonwealth Judo Championship 2016 in Port Elizabeth (South Africa) with 12 Medals (5 Gold). South Africa stayed at top with 266 Medals (65 Gold).
  932. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between Ministry of Railways and Forest Department of Haryana & Punjab for plantation of trees alongside Railway Track on Railway Land Boundary.
  933. Piyush Goyal, Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal and New & Renewable Energy launched Contract Labour Payment Management System for Coal India Limited.
  934. 4th Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) Held in Washington, USA, to discuss issues related to nuclear security. India represented by PM Narendra Modi.
  935. Uttarakhand's Power Corporation Limited (UPCL) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) under UDAY Scheme (Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana).
    1. Under UDAY, 10 states have so far signed MoU till date. Combined DISCOM debt of these states is around Rs.1.96 lac crore, approximately 45% of total outstanding DISCOM debt of Rs.4.3 lac crore.
  936. German Governments Development Bank KfW will provide loan of EUR 500 million (about Rs.3,750 cr) for Nagpur city Metro Rail System.
  937. Rajiv Gauba appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Urban Development.
  938. Human Resource Development Minister Smriti Irani Participated in International Conference on the Zero at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris (France).
  939. Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) generated 100th Crore Aadhaar Cards so far, touching this landmark in 5.5 years. Aadhaar coverage now is at 93 percent among people above age of 18.
  940. Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Services Export Promotion Council (SEPC) will organize 2nd Global Exhibition on Services in Greater Noida (Uttar Pradesh).
  941. India organized 22nd meeting of BASIC Group (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) in New Delhi. Aim is to further consolidate positions of countries before 196 UNFCCC member countries meet for first time in May 2016 after adoption of Paris Agreement adopted in December 2015.
  942. HRD Minister Smriti Zubin Irani Released India Rankings 2016 as Indias First Ever Rankings of Indian Institutions, under first National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) -
    1. RANK






      Indian Institute Of Science Banglore, Karnataka.

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Madras, TamilNadu.


      Indian Institute Of Management, Bangaluru, Karnataka.


      Manipal College Of Pharmaceutical Sciences-Manipal, Karnataka.


      Institute Of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Bombay, Maharashtra.

      Indian Institute Of Management, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

      University Institute Of Pharmaceutical Sciences-Chandigarh


      Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Kharagpur, UttarPradesh


      Indian Institute Of Management, Calcutta, West Bengal.


      Jamia Hamdard, Delhi.


      University Of Hyderabad-Hyderabad, Telangana.

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Delhi


      Indian Institute Of Management, Lucknow, UttarPradesh.


      Poona College Of Pharmacy, Erandwane, Pune-Pune, Maharashtra


      Tezpur University, Tezpur, Assam.

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Kanpur, UttarPradesh.


      Indian Institute Of Management, Udaipur, Rajasthan.


      Institute Of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.


      University Of Delhi, Delhi.

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand.


      Indian Institute Of Management, Kozhikode, Kerala.


      Bombay College Of Pharmacy-Mumbai, Maharshtra


      Banaras Hindu University, Uttar Pradesh

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Hyderabad, Telangana.


      International Management Institute-New Delhi, Delhi.

      Birla Institute Of Technology, Ranchi, Jharkhand.



      Indian Institute Of Space Science And Technology, Kerala.


      Indian Institute Of Technology, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.


      Indian Institute Of Forest Management, Indore, MadhyaPradesh.


      Amrita School Of Pharmacy, Kochi Kerala.


      Birla Institute Of Technology & Science –Pilani, Rajasthan

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Ropar-Rupnagar, Punjab.


      Indian Institute Of Technology, Kanpur, UttarPradesh.


      Jss College Of Pharmacy, Ootacamund, TamilNadu.


      Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh

      Indian Institute Of Technology, Patna, Bihar.


      Indian Institute Of Management, Indore-Indore, MadhyaPradesh.


      Jss College Of Pharmacy, Mysore

  943. E-commerce Firm Flipkart acquired Bengaluru-based mobile payments company PhonePe , for an undisclosed sum.
  944. Indian boxer Shiva Thapa won silver at Asian/Oceania Qualifying Tournament in China.
  945. Worlds first White Tiger Safari inaugurated in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh, adjacent to Mukundpur Zoological Park. It is spread over 25 hectares.
  946. Scientists at Institute of Advance Study in Science & Technology (Guwahati (Assam)) have developed an eco-friendly biopolymer using nanotechnology for water purification applications. This eco-friendly biopolymer is created using a naturally occurring substance, called chitosan.
  947. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 2015 Yearbook report -
    1. India is ranked 6th among worlds Top-Ten manufacturing countries, compared to 9th position previously.
    2. Top 5 are China, United States, Japan, Germany and South Korea. Indonesia is at 10th.
    3. Global growth rate of manufacturing production slowed to 2.8 %.
    4. In India - Manufacturing grown by 7.6 % in % 2015 as compared 2014.
  948. World's first public dengue vaccination programme launched in Philippines with a French drug Dengvaxia (worlds 1st dengue fever vaccine) to combat mosquito-borne disease.
  949. 2 April - World Autism Awareness Day. Theme is Autism and the 2030 Agenda: Inclusion and Neurodiversity.
  950. Miami Open Tennis 2016 -
    1. Men's Singles - Novak Djokovic (Serbia) by defeating Kei Nishikori (Japan).
    2. Womens Singles - Victoria Azarenka (Belarus) by defeating Svetlana Kuznetsova (Russia).
    3. Mens Doubles - French pair of Pierre-Hugues Herbert and Nicolas Mahut.
    4. Womens Doubles - Bethanie Mattek-Sands (US) and Lucie afářová (Czech Republic).
  951. Nico Rosberg (Germany) won 2016 Formula One Baharain Grand Prix.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          China 17 April  
          Russia 1 May  
          Spain 15 May  
          Monaco 29 May  
          Canada 12 June  
          Europe 19 June  
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  952. Haryana Assembly passed 2 bills to make minimum educational qualification criteria mandatory for the urban local bodies election (ULBs) - Haryana Municipal (Amendment) Bill 2016 and Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill, 2016. Key features Include -
    1. Minimum qualification for contesting ULBs election will be - General - Class X, Female from General and Male from SC - 8th pass, SC women - 5th pass.
  953. Cyprian Kotut from Kenya won 40th Paris marathon in Men's Category. Women's title was won by Visiline Jepkesho (Kenya).
  954. Tran Dai Quang elected as 9th President of Vietnam.
  955. Government released Indian Intellectual Property (IP) Panorama to increase awareness about SME sector. The toolkit will cater start-ups and SMEs especially Indias ICTE sector based on agreement between DeitY and WIPO. IP Panorama is customized version of IP Panorama Multimedia toolkit by World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). 5 modules of Indian IP Panorama - Importance of IP for SMEs, Trademark, Industrial design, Invention and Patent Information.
  956. Government extended safeguard duty on import of some steel products till March 2018. Safeguard duty will be reduced to 10% in stages till 2018 from current 20%.
  957. Noted USA Actor Patty Duke passed away.
  958. India will institute its first Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) chair in the Arab world at Ain Shams University (ASU) in Cairo, Egypt.
  959. Government has released Rs. 25,834 crore to FCI (Food Corporation of India) as Food Subsidy.
  960. 5 times world chess champion Viswanathan Anand will be honoured with Hridaynath Award, which felicitates and recognises successful individuals across country from various walks of life.
  961. Noted Italian Footballer Cesare Maldini passed away.
  962. Noted USA actor Larry Drake passed away.
  963. As per USA research firm IHS , India is now fourth largest spender on defence, following a 13.1% increase in its 2016-17 defence budget. Indias defence expenditure is now $50.7 billion, Higher than that of Russia and Saudi Arabia. Increase in military pay and one rank, one pension (OROP) are main reasons for higher defence Budget of India. Indian defence budget is expected to be $64.8 billion by 2020.
  964. UltraTech Cement bought Jaypee Group's Cement Trade for Rs 15,900 crores.
  965. India's first arbitration centre for dealing the financial disputes will be opened soon in Mumbai. Till now, financial disputes of India were dealt in Singapore Arbitration centre.
  966. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) signed MoU with Airports Authority of India (AAI) to provide scientific parameters for construction of airports. ISRO also signed MoU with postal department to provide space technology helpful in tracking parcel movements.
  967. National Stock Exchange (NSE) launched a new index Nifty - MidSmallcap 400. It will represent mid and small market capitalization segments and will comprise of 400 companies of Nifty Midcap 150 and Nifty Smallcap 250 indices.
  968. Maharashtra tied up with Tata Trusts to link all government colleges and medical colleges to the national cancer grid for uniform cancer profiling and quality treatment, for improvement of infrastructure for cancer cure.
  969. President Pranab Mukherjee promulgated Uttarakhand Appropriation (Vote on Account) Ordinance 2016 to authorize expenditures Rs 13642 Crores in the state that has come under a political crisis.
  970. Bhartiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Ltd (BHAVINI) appointed Kallol Roy as its new chairman and managing director (CMD).
  971. Actor Ranveer Singh will be Honored as 'Lokmat Maharashtrian of The Year' award. He played role of Maratha warrior Peshwa Bajirao II in Bajirao Mastani.
  972. Government issued a new set of income tax return (ITR) forms that require people with an income of Rs 50 lakh and above per annum to disclose their assets.
  973. Australian Fast Bolwer Clint McKay announced retirement from international cricket.
  974. Noted journalist and writer Babu Bharadwaj passed away.
  975. Reserve Bank of Indias first bi-monthly policy review -
    1. Repo rate reduced by 25 basis points to 6.5 %.
    2. Reverse repo rate increased to 6 %.
    3. GDP growth is projected to improve to 7.6 % in 2016-17.
    4. Marginal standing facility (MSF) rate reduced to 7%.
  976. Gatiman Express, India's fastest train Completed its First Run From Delhi to agra in 100 Minutes. Its Top speed is 160 KMPH.
  977. Tslc Limited launched its mobile-only lending platform CASHe, providing users a personalized experience to borrow cash within minutes.
  978. April 4 - International Day of Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action.
  979. Chandigarh Becomes First Kerosene-Free City with sale of subsidised cooking and lighting fuel being stopped in Chandigarh completely.
  980. North Korea imposed ban on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and South Korean websites, due to its concern on spreading Information Online.
  981. Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid passed away. She was first woman and Muslim recipient of Pritzker Prize, known as the Nobel for architecture.
  982. India's first special purpose vehicle (SPV) on smart city - Bhubaneswar Smart City Limited has been launched. It has been set up as per Smart City Mission Guidelines to enable faster execution of projects.
  983. PEN America will confer PEN/Barbey Freedom to Write Award upon imprisoned Egyptian novelist Ahmed Naji. PEN/Allen Foundation Literary Service Award will be given to Harry Potter creator J.K. Rowling.
  984. Shri Trimbakeshwar Devasthan Trust (STDT) in Nashik (Maharashtra) banned all persons (men and women) from entering the Temple. Only hereditary priests will be allowed to enter the sanctum of Trimbakeshwar temple.
  985. International Cricket Council (ICC) Team Rankings for Test, ODI and T20I cricket. -
    1. Test Cricket - Australia at Top, India at 2nd
    2. ODI - Australia at Top with India at 3rd
    3. T20I - India at Top with West Indies at 2nd 
  986. Japanese electronics giant Panasonic appointed Indian Manish Sharma to its global Top executive council.
  987. India and Sri Lanka signed MoU to provide 150 fishing boats and fishing equipment to 300 Tamil fishermen from Mullaithivu in North Sri Lanka as part of Indias assistance programme in Sri Lanka.
  988. PM Narendra Modi launched Stand Up India Scheme to promote entrepreneurship among Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes and Women entrepreneurs. It will facilitate minimum 2 projects per bank branch and expected to benefit at least 2.5 lakh borrowers within 3 years.
    1. Stand up India provides refinance window through Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) with initial amount of 10000 crore rupees.
    2. It will create credit guarantee mechanism through National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company (NCGTC).
  989. Indian Air Force (IAF) will participate in Red Flag air exercise along with US, NATO and allied forces. It is scheduled in April - May 2016 in Alaska.
  990. DCB Bank became First bank to launch an Aadhaar-based Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) facility where a customer can transact using his biometric details instead of the PIN.
  991. Delhi High Court ruled that keeping a criminal case pending for indefinite period amounts to violation of constitutional rights of accused recognized under Article 21 (right to life) of Constitution of India.
  992. President Pranab Mukherjee presented National Geoscience Awards - 2014 to honour scientists for their outstanding contributions in Geosciences, Mining and Allied areas. For 2014, Ashok Kumar Singhvi was conferred with highest honour National Geoscience Award for Excellence for his contributions in sedimentary technologies. 32 other geoscientists were honored on this Occasion.
  993. Minister of State (IC) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajeev Pratap Rudy launched Transnational Skill Standards. 2 MoUs signed between National Skill Development Council (NSDC) and UK Organizations on this Occasion.
  994. World Health Organisation (WHO) and United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) released Global report on urban health: equitable, healthier cities for sustainable development, 2016. It documents actions required to realize goals of Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 through universal urban health coverage. Report stated that India’s urban population will increase from 38 Crore (33 %) in 2014 to 60 Crore (40 %) by 2031.
  995. 5th April : National Maritime Day. 2016 Theme is Ease of doing business in the maritime sector.
  996. Prime Minister Narendra Modi Completed His Tri-nation Visit to Belgium, UAE and USA
    1. Belgium -
      1. Attended 13th India-EU summit in Brussels
      2. Activated Asia's largest 'general purpose' optical telescope installed in 'Devsthal', 60 km from Nainital, throug 'Remote Activation.
      3. Joint Declaration on India-EU Water Partnership adopted to enhance cooperation on environment issues.
    2. UAE -
      1. India and Saudi Arabia signed five agreements and MoUs. Agreements are in Labour Co-operation, Technical Cooperation Program,. Cooperation in Handicrafts, Exchange of Intelligence related to Money Laundering, Terrorism Financing and Related Crimes, Framework for Investment Promotion Cooperation.
      2. Modi gifted Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud a gold-plated replica of Cheraman Juma Masjid of Kerala. The mosque in Thrissur is first mosque built in India by Arab traders around 629 AD.
      3. PM Modi was conferred Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honour the King Abdulaziz Sash.
    3. USA -
      1. Attended 4th Nuclear Security Summit in Washington.
      2. India signed MoU with USA for setting up Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) in India.
      3. India announced 1 million USD to Nuclear Security Fund of International Atomic Energy Agency.
  997. ICC World T20 Cricket 2016
    1. Men's - West Indies won by defeating England. Its second T20 title for WI after they won it first in 2012.
    2. Women's - West indies won By defeating Australia.
  998. Finance Minister Arun jaitley visited Australia and attended Make in India conference in Sydney.
  999. Scientists discovered a rare triple-star system named KELT-4Ab with a gas giant planet similar in size to Jupiter. It was discovered at Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics (USA).
  1000. Ministry of Home Affairs constituted committee under former Union Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta to suggest ways to tighten security along India-Pakistan border.
  1001. Government approved MoU with Sweden on Technical Cooperation in Railway Sector.
  1002. The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) appointed CP Gurnani as its Chairman for 2016-17 and Raman Roy as vice chairman.
  1003. Retd. Chief Justice of Sikkim HC Permod Kohli appointed as in Chairman of Central Administrative Tribunal.
  1004. Third phase of Health Ministrys universal vaccination programme Mission Indradhanush began. Under it, 39 lakh children have been vaccinated against seven preventable diseases in last 2 phases.
  1005. East Coast Railway (ECoR) Zone headquartered in Bhubaneswar (Odisha) emerged as largest Freight Loading Railway Zone in 2015-16. ECoR loaded 173.49 million tonnes of freight in 2015 - 16 with earning of 15978.28 crores.
  1006. Hashim Thaci appointed as President of Kosovo.
  1007. North East-ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Business Summit held in Imphal (Manipur) with focus on road connectivity, trade and tourism.
  1008. Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson appointed as new Prime Minister of Iceland. He has been appointer after Sigmundur Gunnlaugsson resigned due to his name being revealed in Panama papers leak.
  1009. Human Resource and Development Minister Smriti Irani attended International Conference on Zero in Paris (France). She unveiled a bronze bust of Indian mathematician Aryabhatta.
  1010. 6 Aprol - United Nations International Day of Sport for Development and Peace (IDSDP).
  1011. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) commissioned a seasonwise tiltable canal top solar PV plant at Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh. It is first canal top project in Andhra Pradesh.
  1012. Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh laid foundation stone of Haryana State University of Horticultural Sciences at Karnal.
  1013. India won 2016 Asian Nations Cup Chess by defeating Vietnam in Abu Dhabi.
  1014. Odisha Government launched Adarsh Vidyalaya (AV) project to provide modern schools facilities in underdeveloped rural areas of the state.
  1015. Saudi Arabia and Egypt will build bridge connecting each other over the Red Sea to boost trade and commerce. The bridge would be approx 16 KM in Length.
  1016. Minster of Human Resource Development Smriti Zubin Irani launched portal for registration and allotment of International Standard Book Number (ISBN).
  1017. Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry constituted a Committee under former Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) B B Tandon, to check violations of guidelines set for government advertisements by Supreme Court.
  1018. For the first time, United Nations (UN) will observe birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar on April 13, 2016 (a day before his date of birth).
  1019. British boxer Anthony Joshua won 2016 International Boxing Federation (IBF) heavyweight title.
  1020. SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket successfully launched first inflatable habitat room that will attach to International Space Station (ISS) for a 2 year test. The reusable main stage booster of Falcon 9 rocket landed off coast of Florida. The inflatable room has been named as Bigelow Expandable Actitvity Module (BEAM) and is the first such habitat to hold humans in orbit. It expands in space and takes minimal space, where astronauts can live and work.
  1021. Rajasthan assembly passed Urban Land (Certification of Titles) Bills 2016 for providing statutory backing to land records. With this, Rajasthan became first state to pass land title bill for effectively guaranteeing land and property ownership.
  1022. Traditional festival of Sajibu Cheiraoba celebrated in Manipur to mark beginning of a new year with cultural gusto and religious fervor.
  1023. World Trade Organization (WTO) revised its 2016 global trade updated forecast to 2.8% from 3.9%. The main reasons for cutting the forecast rate is slowdown in China and broad market volatility that continues to threaten growth.
  1024. Government approved country's first Metrino Pod project i.e. personal rapid transit (PRT) network for Gurgaon (Haryana). It will be completely private project. The pilot project will span a 13 km stretch from Gurgaon-Delhi border to Badshapur Mod on Sohna Road.
  1025. 07 April - World Health Day. 2016 theme is Beat Diabetes. World Health Organisation (WHO) released first Global Report on Diabetes on this occasion. Globally, 42.2 crore people were living with diabetes in 2014, compared to 10.8 crore in 1980.
  1026. Malaysian Open Badminton 2016 -
    1. Men's Singles - Lee Chong Wei (Malaysia) won by defeating Chen Long (China)
    2. Womens singles - Ratchanok Intanon (Thailand).
    3. Mens doubles - South Korean pair, Kim Gi-jung and Kim Sa-rang.
    4. Womens doubles - Chinese pair, Tang Yuanting and Yu Yang
    5. Mixed doubles - Indonesian pair, Tontowi Ahmad and Liliyana Natsir.
  1027. Pakistan test fired anti-ship surface to sea Zarb missile. It is the Chinese C-602 Missile which is export version of YJ-62. It has range of 280 kms.
  1028. NASA's Kepler spacecraft has gone into emergency mode (lowest operational mode) some 75 million miles from Earth. EM of spacecraft was discovered during undertaking a microlensing observing campaign.
    1. Kepler spacecraft hunts for Earth-like planets orbiting other stars. It was launched in March 2009. Since its launch, it has found over 1,000 alien planets.
  1029. Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk resigned.
  1030. IIT Kharagpur won National Intellectual Property (IP) Award in academic institutes category. Institute will be awarded Top prize for Academic Institute for Patents 2016 on World IP Day (26 April 2016).
  1031. Investigative journalist Khadija Ismayilova of Azerbaijan has been chosen for 2016 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize.
  1032. Chinese researchers (Ocean University of China and Yunnan Normal University) developed Graphene based all-weather solar cell that can generate electricity even during rains.
  1033. Maldives President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom visited India. Six Agreements were signed - Agreement for Avoidance of Double Taxation of income derived from International Air Transport, Exchange of Information with respect to Taxes, Orbit Frequency Coordination of South Asia Satellite (SAS) proposed at 48oE, Cooperation in conservation and restoration of ancient mosques in Maldives, Cooperation in Tourism, Action Plan for Defence Cooperation.
  1034. Reserve Bank of India gave final approved to Bharti Airtel's payments bank venture - Airtel M Commerce Services Ltd (AMCS). With this, AMCS became first entity to receive final approval from the RBI to start a payments bank. Airtel M Commerce is subsidiary of Bharti Airtel, a telecom company. Kotak Mahindra Bank has upto 19.9 % stake in Airtel M Commerce. Payments Banks are not allowed to lend, so tie-up with banks will help them source loans for their customers.
  1035. Danny Willett from England won 2016 US Masters Golf tournament.
  1036. World Bank unveiled Climate Change Action Plan (CCP) to tackle climate change by 2020. It will help countries to deliver their targets set in national climate plans submitted for climate agreement reached at COP21 in Paris in December 2015.
  1037. United Kingdoms Awards 2016 for recognition of exemplary achievements of people within the global Asian community
    1. Founders Award - Mother Teresa
    2. Community Service - Rami Ranger
    3. Business Leader - Prakash Lohia
    4. Outstanding achievement in Television - Kunal Nayyar
    5. Outstanding Achievement in Cinema - Asif Kapadia
    6. Outstanding achievement in Sports - Son Heung-Min
    7. Entrepreneur - Anil Agrawal(founder of Vedanta Resources Corporation)
    8. Outstanding achievement in Science and Technology - Shuji Nakamura
  1038. Researchers at University of Georgia and Ben-Gurion University of the Nege have developed worlds smallest nanoscale diode or molecular rectifier that could impact development of molecular electronic devices.
  1039. Pakistan and China held their joint bilateral air force exercise named Shaheen (Eagle) 5.
  1040. Sri Lankan Government resumed work on stalled Chinese Colombo Port City project.
  1041. Priyadarshini Chatterjee won FBB Femina Miss India World 2016. She will represent India at Miss World 2016 pageant.
  1042. Priyanka Chopra will be given Dadasaheb Phalke Film Foundations Best Actress of the Year award.
  1043. Book Indias War: The Making of Modern South Asia 1939-1945, has been authored by historisn Srinath Raghavan.
  1044. 31-year-old Kathak dancer Soni Chaurasiya of Varanasi broke previous record of marathon dancing of 123 hours and 20 minutes. Soni broke record previously held by Keralas Hemlatha.
  1045. Indian-origin researcher Ratnakumar Bugga has been recently selected for NASAs Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) programme for his concept Venus Interior Probe Using In-situ Power and Propulsion . Purpose of programme is to revolutionise future space missions to Mars and beyond.
  1046. B.G. Verghese is author of book A State in Denial – Pakistans Misguided and Dangerous Crusad.
  1047. Major Fire broke out at Puttingal temple (Kerala), claiming several hundred lives.
  1048. Gujarat launched Maa Annapurna Yojna to provide cereals at concessional rates to poor and middle class families under National Food Security Act (NFSA).
  1049. First National Tribal Carnival will be held in Delhi from April 29 - May 02, 2016 to promote various facets of tribal life relating to culture, tradition, customs and their skills.
  1050. Myneni Hari Prasad Rao, chief architect of Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) passed away.
  1051. India launched Transnational Skill Standards to support international mobility of Indian workforce and also prepare them to work in international companies having their operations in India. These standards in skill development are benchmarked to the skill standards in United Kingdom across 82 identified job roles.
  1052. 2016 Water Film Festival (a part of India Water Week 2016 celebrations) started at Water Expo-2016 in New Delhi. It is organized by Water and Power Consultancy Services (WAPCOS).
  1053. Vodafone moved to International Court of Justice (ICJ) seeking appointment of a third arbitrator in its Rs 20,000-crore tax dispute with India.
  1054. Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca & Co. received worldwide attention when an enormous cache of its documents was provided to news media in Panama Papers leak of information on off-shore tax havens.
  1055. Palaniappan Chidambaram has wrote book Standing Guard – A Year in Opposition.
  1056. Indian Army's Western Command launched a think tank on Defence and Strategic Affairs - Gyan Chakra, aimed at providing an outlet to veterans for pursuing research on strategic and national security issues.
  1057. Government launched low cost micro solar device - Surya Jyoti. The solar dome would help rural and urban population to have a reliable access to electricity.
  1058. Group of 7 (G-7) countries foreign ministers meet held in Hiroshima (Japan). During the summit, Joint Declaration has been called for a world without nuclear weapons. G7 Consists of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, and United States.
  1059. India signed memorandum of understanding with Islamic Development Bank (IDB) for $100 million line of credit to simplify exports to IDBs member countries.
    1. Islamic Development Bank is headquartered in in Jeddah(Saudi Arabia). It was founded in 1973 and has 56 member nations.
  1060. Mother Dairy partnered with Indian Premium League (IPL) cricket team Delhi Daredevils as its principal sponsor. Kansai Nerolac Ties Up With Gujarat Lions as associate sponsor.
  1061. Minister of Textiles Santosh Kumar Gangwar inaugurated 3 mega textile projects in Nagaland - Apparel and Garment Making Centre in Dimapur, Muga P3 Basic Seed Station Kobulong in Mokokchung district and newly Integrated Eri Silk Development Project under North East Textile Promotion Scheme (NERTPS).
  1062. Future Group acquired online home furnishings and décor business company FabFurnish.
  1063. Advertising Standards Council of India (ASCI) upheld complaints against 51 out of 102 reported advertisements for possible viloations of ASCI Norms.
  1064. S Balaji Arunkumar is appointed as deputy chairman of Kolkata Dock System.
  1065. To promote the Swachh Bharat Mission, Urban development Minister Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated 20 Namma Toilets in Delhi.
  1066. Forbes Asia 50 Power Businesswomen 2016 List -
    1. Reliance Industries director Nita Ambani and State Bank of India chairman Arundhati Bhattacharya have been ranked top 2 in List.
    2. 6 other Indian business women have been included in list- Mu Sigma CEO Ambiga Dhiraj (14), Dipali Goenka(16 - Welspun), Vinita Gupta (18- Lupin), Chanda Kochhar (22 - ICICI Bank), Vandana Luthra(26- VLCC), Kiran Mazumdar Shaw (28 - Biocon).
  1067. American music legend Merle Haggard passed away.
  1068. Noted Journalist Yogendra Bali passed away.
  1069. Book The Kiss of Life: How a superhero and my son defeated cancer, written by Bilal Siddiqi and Emraan Hashmi has been Launched.
  1070. Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) Academy appointed D. Vasu as Director.
  1071. Debraj Pradhan is appointed as Ambassador of India to Norway.
  1072. e-Commerce Firm Snapdeal has partnered with 9 non governmental organisations (NGOs) to launch Snapdeal Sunshine, a platform where users can make donations to causes under education, health, sports, women empowerment, disaster relief and old age care.
  1073. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) cleared conversion of Working Capital Term Loan (WCTL) of Bank of Baroda's (BoB) 29.91 crore rupees loan to Andrew Yule & Co. Ltd. (AYCL) into equity shares.
  1074. Information technology company HR (Hewlett-Packard) launched eight new personal products including world's thinnest laptop - Spectre (10.4 mm thickness).
  1075. 10 April - World Homeopathy Day. Central Council for Research in homoeopathy (CCRH) signed two MOUs with institutions of higher education of Canada and Armenia on World Homoeopathy Day.
  1076. Credit Suisse Emerging Consumer Scorecard 2016 -
    1. Indian consumers remain most optimistic, among nine nations surveyed by Credit Suisse. So Average Indian respondent's income has increased compared with a decline for the emerging markets average.
    2. China and Saudi Arabia shared the second position.
  1077. Bharti Airtel announced the acquisition of 20 MHz spectrum in eight circles from Aircel for Rs 3,500 crore.
  1078. Shareholders of Turkmenistan- Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) Pipeline Company Limited signed an agreement to invest $200 million in studies and engineering for $10 billion project to transport natural gas to participating countries.
  1079. Indian Private Sector's Federal Bank signed a strategic partnership with Phillip Capital (India) for managing NRI Portfolio Investment Scheme (PIS).
  1080. Statue of Great Sikh Warrior Maharaja Ranjit Singh will be installed in France's Saint-Tropez town in September 2016.
  1081. Central Government has recommended 1,304 crore rupees for drought relief to Uttar Pradesh under National Disaster Relief Fund (NDRF).
  1082. Government will issue universal identity cards to physically challenged with objective of providing them easy access to various benefits being extended by the government. It is being done is wake of issues arising due to some states not accepting cards of other states.
  1083. Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan visited Iran and Offered $20 Billion Indian Investment In Iran.
  1084. China launched a retrievable scientific research satellite SJ-10, to study micro-gravity and space life science. The Chinese satellite carries six titanium cylinders, each with a milliliter of crude oil compressed to more than 400 times. By bringing crude oil into space, international researchers will be able to find more of it underneath the Earth's crust.
  1085. Ministry for skill development and entrepreneurship (MSDE) named Cricketer Sachin Tendulkar as brand ambassador of 'Skill India' campaign.
  1086. Special meeting held by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris (France) to firm up cooperation between countries in wake of 'Panama Papers' leak. During the meet, International Monetary Fund, Wolrd Bank, United Nations And OECD decided to Form a New Group To Stop Tax Erosion.
  1087. CCTV Camera System has been integrated in Train Shan-e-Punjab Express. It includes 4 to 6 cameras per coach strategically located so that the entire area can be covered.
  1088. Tata Steel soild its loss-making 4.5-million tonne (mt) long-product Scunthorpe steel plant in Britain to UK-based investment firm Greybull Capital for Little over a Pound (Approx 85 Rupees).
  1089. Sanmar Chemicals, India's private sector petrochemical firm, will receive Rs.1,996 crore equity investment from Fairfax India Holdings for 30% Minority Stake.
  1090. Handset manufacturer Lava announced Cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni as it's new brand ambassador.
  1091. Cricketer Virat Kohli is named as Brand Anbassador of Premier Futsal, a newer and shorter five-a-side variant of soccer (football). World's first multinational Futsal league will be held in 8 Indian cities from July 15 to 24, 2016.
  1092. India's men's and women's teams have won both categorys championship titles at third Asian Kho-Kho championship in Indore, Beating Bangladesh in both cases.
  1093. WTA Tennis Rankings -
    1. American Serena Williams maintained top spot. Top 10 are - 1 - Serena Williams, 2. Agnieszka Radwanska, 3. Angelique Kerber, 4. Garbine Muguruza, 5. Victoria Azarenka, 6. Simona Halep, 7. Petra Kvitova, 8. Roberta Vinci, 9. Maria Sharapova, 10. Belinda Bencic
  1094. Government approved increasing framework agreement between Exim Bank of India and Central Bank of Iran for financing purchase of goods and services from India to Rs.3000 crore from Rs. 900 crore. It will be done by utilising Export Development Fund (EDF) of EXIM Bank.
  1095. Tax collections for FY 2015-16 stood at Rs. 14.60 Lakh Crore, as compared to Estimates of Rs 14.55 Lakh Crores. Growth is 17.6% as compared to last year. Indirect Tax revenue collections are Rs. 7.11 Lakh Crores and Direct Tax revenues stand at 7.48 Lakh crores.
  1096. 3rd SAARC Agriculture Ministers' Meet held in Dhaka (Bangladesh). Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singh attended on India's Behalf.
  1097. Government launched 2 schemes - National Energy Efficient Agriculture Pumps Programme and National Energy Efficient Fan Programme in Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh), to make country more energy efficient. These will be implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited.
  1098. Ashwani Kumar Kapoor appointed as New Member Electrical, Railway Board.
  1099. National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign held in Delhi.
  1100. Government appointed Meeran C.Borwankar as Director General in Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D).
  1101. Former Indian Army Chief JJ Singh conferred with Officer of the Legion of Honour, highest French civilian distinction.
  1102. Haryana Government renamed Gurgaon as Gurugram and Mewat as Nuh.
  1103. India and United States signed Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) to ramp up bilateral defence ties, during US Defense Secretary Ashton Carter's visit to India.
  1104. Dogri Poetess and novelist Padma Sachdev has been chosen for prestigious Saraswati Samman for 2015 for her autobiography Chitt-Chete, published in 2007.
  1105. Government approved extension of MoU with Bangladesh on cooperation in Fisheries.
  1106. As per World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and Global Tiger Forum (GTF), global tiger population has increased by 22 % after a century of constant decline. Number of wild tigers across globe are now 3,890. India at top with 2226 tigers, followed by Russia (433), Indonesia (371), Malaysia (250), Nepal (198), Thailand (189), Bangladesh (106) and Bhutan (103).
  1107. Third Asia Ministerial Conference on Tigers Conservation started at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi.
  1108. England Cricketer James Taylor announced his retirement at age of 26 due to ill health.
  1109. Federal Bank tied up with Chillar Payment Solutions to promote Its 'Campus Wallet', a student Identity Card integrated with banking technology.
  1110. Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and German International Cooperation (GIZ) signed Implementation agreement for Ganga Rejuvenation under Namami Gange Programme.
  1111. Jammu and Kashmir Government approved Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Food Entitlement Scheme (MMSFES) to supplement National Food Security Act (NFSA). Under this, all those persons who are covered under States public distribution system will get additional 5 kgs of ration per person in addition to 5 kgs of ration they are entitled to get under NFSA (National Food Security Act).
  1112. Huawei's 3rd Global Connectivity Index report (announced at Global Analyst Summit 2016 in Shenzhen (China)) -
    1. USA, Singapore and Sweden are at top in connectivity rankings while India is ranked 44.
    2. Indian government's Digital India initiative is driving growth, and improved broadband penetration.
  1113. International Monetary Fund (IMF) declared that India's growth will reach 7.5% in 2016-17 and India will overtake China's GDP growth rate by over 1%.
  1114. 12th April - International Day of Human Space Flight. On this day in 1961, Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet Union (USSR) cosmonaut undertook first successful first human space flight.
  1115. Government approved adopting South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN).SAWEN is regional inter-governmental wildlife law enforcement support body launched in January, 2011 in Paro, Bhutan.
  1116. India and the United States announced an in-principle logistics exchange agreement to enable their militarizes to use each other’s assets and bases for repair and replenishment of supplies.
  1117. Actress Aishwarya Rai Bachchan won Global Indian of the Year award at NRI of the Year awards.
  1118. Parliament of Vietnam approved Nguyen Xuan Phuc as Vietnam's 8th Prime Minister.
  1119. National Summit on Family Planning held in New Delhi with theme New Choices, New Horizons.
  1120. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) released Trends in world military expenditure 2015 report -
    1. USA remained as worlds biggest spender in 2015, India moved up one spot to 6th in global rankings.
  1121. First edition of original First Folio authored by William Shakespeare found at Mount Stuart House off the western coast of Scotland. It was first published in 1623, seven years after Shakespeare death.
  1122. Delhi High Court ruled that keeping a criminal case pending for indefinite period is violation of constitutional rights of accused recognized under Article 21 (right to life) of Constitution of India.
  1123. Government approved Recommendations on Fiscal Deficit Targets and Additional Fiscal Deficit to States during Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) award period 2015-20. Recommendations Include -
    1. Commission adopted fiscal deficit threshold limit of 3 % of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) for States, with additional headroom of 0.5 % above normal limit of 3 % given to States.
    2. States won't get any benefit of additional borrowings for 2015-16 as the year is already completed. Implications for remaining period of FFC award (2016-20) would depend on respective States eligibility based on criteria noted by FFC.
  1124. Golden Tobacco became first company in India to implement Health Ministrys Cigarettes Packaging Amendment Rules 2014 that require both sides of cigarette packs to display specific health warnings in 85 % of area (presently 40 %).
  1125. NASA astronaut Scott Kelly will write a memoir titled Endurance: My Year in Space and Our Journey to Mars.
  1126. Jharkhand Government Ragbubar Das announced reserve 2 % employment in various departments for meritorious sportspersons of the state.
  1127. National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) partenered with Rainbow Agrilife India Private Limited for commercialization of the NEMHARI-A, a plant based Formulation for Management of Mulberry Root Knot Disease.
  1128. Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) discovered a way to forecast earthquakes based on tremors or earthquakes below a Richter scale of 2. The study has been led by Indian-origin researcher Deepa Mele Veedu.
  1129. Royal Mail of British honoured playwright William Shakespeare by issuing a set of special postage stamps to mark the 400th anniversary of his death.
  1130. PM Narendra Modi launched online national agricultural products market platform to integrate wholesale markets across India, named as National Agricultural Market (e-NAM). National Agricultural Market (NAM) platform mooted by the government to integrate agricultural mandis across the country in order to provide better price discovery and wider market access to farmers. 200 mandis will be Linked within five Months and 585 Mandis by March, 2018
  1131. Government reconstituted Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts (IGNCA) Trust with Ram Bahadur Rai as its President.
  1132. Jamia Millia Islamia recognized in-service training of Indian Navy Sailors personnel for award of Graduation Degree.
  1133. Dharmendra Pradhan, MoS(I/C) Petroleum and Natural Gas visited Saudi Arabia.
  1134. Viwwing huge dip in freight traffic volume resulting in massive financial losses to the Indian Railways, Government decided to withdraw Port Congestion Surcharge in order to attract imported freight traffic including Containers, Coal, Iron ore etc which are being diverted to road. Port congestion surcharge levy is 10 % of basic freight rate.
  1135. Indian Army conducted major Exercise SHATRUJEET by elite STRIKE 1 in Rajasthan, With about 30,000 soldiers in action.
  1136. A Wave Rider Buoy deployed to Seychelles by India for improved Ocean State Forecasts for the Indian Ocean Islands, As part of 'Integrated Ocean Information System' for Indian Ocean Countries.
  1137. Minister for Health & Family Welfare, J P Nadda visited Japan for meeting of Health Ministers from WHO South East Asia Region and Western Pacific Region countries. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) of Japan signed Letter of Intent on the occasion.
  1138. National Mission for Clean Ganga in collaboration with Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IITK) announced launch of Centre for Ganga River Basin Management and Studies (CGRBMS) in New Delhi. It Includes 10 year Agreement with IITK for support in implementation of Ganga River Basin Management Plan.
  1139. Government appointed Deepak Mishra as Addl. Director General in CRPF.
  1140. Government Appointed P.C.Thakur as Director General, Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards (FS,CD&HG).
  1141. Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal and New and Renewable Energy Piyush Goyal released Report of Technical Committee on Large Scale Integration of Renewable Energy. Committee suggested 15 point Action Plan for facilitating large scale integration of renewables in India.
  1142. Government approved Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Bhutan on technical cooperation in capacity building, benchmarking and bilateral exchange in infrastructure engineering.
  1143. Insdia approved signing Paris Agreement adopted at 21st Conference of Parties of UNFCCC held in Paris in December 2015. Paris Agreement on climate change is meant to enhance implementation of Convention.
    1. Key features of Paris Agreement are - Rights of Developing Countries, Sustainable Development, Implementation of the Convention and Financial support from Developed countries. Purpose of financial support from developed countries is to achieve goal of mitigating climate change jointly providing US 100 billion dollars by 2020.
  1144. Government approved operationalisation of new Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) at Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh.
  1145. Minister of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Harsh Vardhan launched Twinning Network Programme on Chemical Ecology of North Eastern Region at Nagaland Science & Technology Council (NASTEC).
  1146. Government approved MoU with United Arab Emirates (UAE) on cooperation in preventing and combating of Human Trafficking.
  1147. Sushila Karki is appointed as First Ever Female Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Nepal.
  1148. National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) launched Unified Payments Interface (UPI), to revolutionise mobile payment system in country. 29 banks have agreed to join the platform.
    1. UPI provides uniform mobile payment system that powers multiple bank accounts into a single mobile application of a participating bank by merging several banking features, Making it single app for accessing different bank accounts. It provides an option for scheduling push and pull transactions for various purposes like sharing bills among peers. UIP is an advanced version of NPCIs Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) that's a 24X7 funds transfer service.
  1149. Nauru became 189th member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. Its initial subscription quota for IMF will be of SDR (Special Drawing rights) 2 million or about $2.81 million. It will be the second smallest member of IMF after Tuvalu.
    1. Nauru is tiny South Pacific island nation in Pacific Ocean (Northwest of Australia)
  1150. US President Barack Obama nominated MasterCards Indian-American CEO Ajay Banga as a member of Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity of USA.
  1151. Surface-to-air supersonic Akash missile System successfully tested. Akash Missile is a mid-range surface-to-air nuclear capable supersonic missile with speeds ranging from Mach 2.8 to 3.5. It can target up to a range of 25 kms.
  1152. As per a report by World Bank, India remained world's largest remittance recipient in 2015 with 69 billion USD remittances in 2015 (down from 70 billion in 2014). India was followed by China (64 billion USD), Philippines (28 billion), Mexico (25 billion) and Nigeria (21 billion USD). Global remittances declined by 1.7% to 581 billion USD compared to 592 billion in 2014.
  1153. Nuclear capable submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLMB) code named K-4 successfully test fired in Bay of Bengal.
    1. K-4 is part of K-family of missiles, a series of SLBMs (Submarine-launched ballistic missile). The series is named after former president and scientist A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. It will arm Arihant-class submarines.
    2. It has reduced length compared to Agni series. K-4 missile has range of over 3500 km and is 12 metres long.
  1154. Government appointed Susmita Pande as chairperson of National Monument Authority (NMA).
  1155. Delhi government banned all forms of chewable tobacco for 1 year in interest of public health.
  1156. As per report Future-Ready Economies Model by Dell, Delhi is ranked 44th among worlds 50 future-ready economies cities that are embracing technology for growth. The list is topped by San Jose, followed by San Francisco, Singapore and London.
  1157. South Korean Oceans and Fisheries Minister Minister Kim Young Suk visited India and signed MoU for cooperation in development of ports.
  1158. Government imposed anti-dumping duty of up to US 149 dollars on imports of N-Butyl Alcohol from European Union (EU), Malaysia, Singapore and USA, as per recommendation of Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD).
    1. N-Butyl Alcohol is a by-product of the fermentation of sugar and other carbohydrate and used as artificial flavorant and is present in many foods and beverages.
  1159. Co-founder of Hero Cycles group, Satyanand Munjal passed away.
  1160. Indian boxer Mary Kom named among eight ambassadors for the upcoming World Championship of AIBA scheduled in May 2016 in Astana (Kazakhstan).
  1161. Supercomputer Param Kanchenjunga unveiled at National Institute of Technology (NIT) Sikkim. It has been named after Kangchenjunga mountain (8,586 m), third highest mountain in the world. It is fastest supercomputer among all the 31 NITs, developed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing ‘C-DAC Pune and NIT Sikkim at 3 crore rupees cost.
  1162. Government renamed Panagarh Air Force Base of Indian Air Force in West Bengal as Air Force Station Arjan Singh, in honour of the Marshal of Air Force Arjan Singh. It was renamed on the occasion of 97th birthday of Arjan Singh. It's first time that a military installation has been named after individuals, especially when they are alive.
  1163. Jharkhand Government launched Bhimrao Ambedkar Awas Yojana for widows to create equality and harmony in society.
  1164. Spain's Rafael Nadal won 2016 Monte Carlo Rolex Masters title of Tennis, by defeating Gael Monfils of France.
  1165. Delhi Government launched second phase of odd-even car rationing scheme to check pollution. It will be effective between 15 - 30 April 2016. Delhi Government launched PoochhO Carpool app to help people explore carpooling options.
  1166. Indian gymnast Dipa Karmakar created history by becoming first Indian woman gymnast to qualify for Olympics. She achieved this after strong performance at final qualifying which helped her to book 2016 Rio Olympics Games to be held in August 2016.
  1167. Gujarat government appointed Geeta Johri as Director General of Police (DGP) of Gujarat.
  1168. European Parliament approved creation of a European passenger name records (PNR) system to combat terrorism. Now EU Nations have two years to turn it into national law. PNR is a joint system for security agencies to access airline passenger data on all flights to and from the EU.
  1169. Noted Malian photographer Malick Sidibe passed away.
  1170. Noted Sri Lankan spinner Rangana Herath retired from T20 and One Day International Cricket (ODI).
  1171. BRICS New Development Bank (NDB) approved its first package of loans worth 811 million USD for four renewable energy projects in Brazil, China, South Africa and India. NDB will provide $300 million to Brazil, $250 million to India (Through Canara Bank), $180 million to South Africa and $81 million to China. These funds will be used for renewable energy projects of 2.37MW and will reduce harmful emissions by 4 million tons annually.
  1172. Australia won 25th Sultan Azlan Shah Hockey Tournament 2016 by defeating India in Ipoh (Australia). It was Ninth Sultan Azlan Shah Hockey Tournament Title for Australia.
  1173. Nico Rosberg (Germany) won 2016 Formula One Chinese Grand Prix.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Russia 1 May  
          Spain 15 May  
          Monaco 29 May  
          Canada 12 June  
          Europe 19 June  
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  1174. Federal grand jury in US's Wisconsin State has put 940 million USD fine against two companies of Indias Tata group – Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and Tata America International Corp, accusing them of ripping off its software and punitive damages.
  1175. India, Afghanistan and Iran finalized draft of Chabahar Trilateral Agreement on Transport and Transit Corridors, during second technical meeting of experts in New Delhi.
  1176. Maharashtra Government banned digging of borewells beyond 200 feet in order to check steep decline in ground water level across state.
  1177. Maharashtra Government made it mandatory to have a hologram on every alcohol bottle manufactured and sold in the state in order to check sale of spurious liquor.
  1178. 14th meeting of Foreign Ministers of the Russia, India and China (RIC) Forum held in Moscow (Russia). External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj attended on India's Behalf. Cooperation in combating terrorism was theme of the meet.
  1179. April 17 - World Haemophilia Day.
  1180. Ceasefire between Government and NSCN-IM (National Socialist Council of Nagaland- Isak Muivah) extended by April 2017, to bring long lasting peace in Nagaland.
  1181. India's Durga Thakur has been promoted to international outdoor umpire by International Hockey Federation (FIH).
  1182. Noted Hollywood actress Doris Roberts passed away.
  1183. Government extended Beti Bachao Beti Padho Scheme to additional 61 districts across 11 States and Union Territories with low Child Sex Ratio.
  1184. Laureus Sports Awards 2016 -
    1. Sportsman of the Year - Novak Djokovic (Nation - Serbia, Sport - Tennis, Won - 2nd Time)
    2. Sportswoman of the Year - Serena Williams (Nation - USA, Sport - Tennis, Won - 4th time)
    3. Team of the Year: New Zealand Rugby team
    4. Comeback of the Year - Dan Carter (Rugby), New Zealand.
    5. Sportsperson of the Year with a Disability: Daniel Dias (Paralympic swimmer), Brazil.
    6. Action Sportsperson - Jan Frodeno (Triathelete), Germany.
    7. World Sports Lifetime Achievement Award: Niki Lauda (former Formula One racer), Austria.
    8. Spirit of Sport Award - Johan Cruyff (Football), Netherlands
  1185. India and Mauritius signed MoU for cooperation in traditional medicine and homeopathy.
  1186. RBL Bank (formerly Ratnakar Bank) became first private sector bank in India to open dedicated branch for startups. The branch was inaugurated at Koramangala, Bengaluru by noted entrepreneur Nandan Nilekani.
  1187. United States (US) President Barack Obama nominated Indian-American Geeta Pasi as the USA's new envoy to central African nation Chad.
  1188. France's Reporters Without Borders (RWB) 2016 World Press Freedom Index (WPFI) -
    1. India ranked 133rd out of 180 nations with score of 43.17. It is better from 136th position in 2015.
    2. Top 5 - Finland (1st), Netherlands (2nd), Norway (3rd), Denmark (4th), New Zealand (5th) Finland with the score of 8.76 has retained its top spot for the sixth consecutive year.
    3. Indias Neighbours - Bhutan (94), Nepal (105), Afghanistan (120), Sri Lanka (141), Bangladesh (144), Pakistan (147) and China (176).
  1189. Rahul Johri has been appointed as the first Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
  1190. National Security Adviser Ajit Doval visited China for 19th round of boundary talks between India and China.
  1191. According to FDI Intelligence Report by Financial Times Limited -
    1. India replaced China as top Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) destination by attracting $63 billion worth FDI projects in 2015. India overtook US ($59.6 billion greenfield FDI) and China ($ 56.6 billion).
    2. Greenfield FDI inflow in India and China was followed by Indonesia ($38.5 billion), Mexico ($24.3 billion) and Brazil ($17.3 billion).
    3. In India - Gujarat was on top with $12.4 billion FDI, followed by Maharashtra ($8.3 billion).
  1192. Government merged Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan (RGKA) with Khelo India Programme for development of sports. RGKA was a centrally sponsored scheme launched by UPA government in 2014. Urban Sports Infrastructure Scheme (USIS) and National Sports Talent Search Scheme (NSTSS) were also merged under Khelo India.
  1193. Idriss Deby won fifth term as President of Chad (Northern Central Africa).
  1194. Commerce and Industry Ministry launched a new service Twitter Seva to address issues and grievances of startups, exporters and importers, and other stakeholders.
  1195. Goa Government appointed P.K.Mishra as Lokayukta of Goa.
  1196. Uttarakhand High Court ruled that legitimacy of Presidents decision to suspend state assembly under Presidents rule is subject to judicial review.
  1197. As per World Health Organization (WHO), Europe become world's first region to eliminate mosquito-borne disease Malaria. Malaria cases in europe fell to zero from 90,712 between 1995 and 2015.
  1198. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Scientists developed worlds lightest synthetic material called silica aerogel or blue air.
  1199. Government released Commemorative Coin of Rs. 200 and Circulation Coin of Rs. 10 on Tatya Tope on occasion of his Martyrdom Day (18-04-2016).
  1200. Global Exhibition on Services 2016 held at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida (Uttar Pradesh).
  1201. 18 Apr - World Heritage Day / International Day for Monuments and Sites.
  1202. 2016 Pulitzer Prize Winners -
    1. Books, Drama and Music
      1. Fiction - The Sympathizer by Viet Thanh Nguyen.
      2. Drama - Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda.
      3. History - Custers Trials: A Life on the Frontier of a New America by T.J. Stiles.
      4. Biography: Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life by William Finnegan.
      5. Poetry: Ozone Journal by Peter Balakian.
      6. Music: In for a Penny, In for a Pound by Henry Threadgill.
    2. Journalism
      1. Public Service - Associated Press.
      2. Breaking News Reporting: Los Angeles Times Staff.
      3. Investigative Reporting: Leonora LaPeter Anton and Anthony Cormier of the Tampa Bay Times and Michael Braga of the Sarasota Herald-Tribune.
      4. Explanatory Reporting: Christian Miller of ProPublica and Ken Armstrong of The Marshall Project.
      5. Local Reporting: Michael LaForgia, Cara Fitzpatrick and Lisa Gartner of the Tampa Bay Times.
      6. National Reporting: The Washington Post Staff.
      7. International Reporting: Alissa J. Rubin of The New York Times.
      8. Feature Writing: Kathryn Schulz of The New Yorker.
      9. Commentary: Farah Stockman of The Boston Globe.
      10. Criticism: Emily Nussbaum of The New Yorker
  1203. Mohammad Aamir Khan wrote Book Framed As a Terrorist: My 14-Year Old Struggle to Prove My Innocence. Its about a Delhi based Author who was proved innocent 14 years after being charged in 18 bomb blast cases.
  1204. Government launched DEEP web portal as an e-Bidding & e-Reverse Auction portal for acquisition of short-term power by Distribution Companies (DISCOMs). DEEP stands for Discovery of Efficient Electricity Price and is meant to ensure continuous flow of power from seller to the buyer.
  1205. Jonathan Bairstow (England), Ben Stokes (England), Brendon McCullum (New Zealand), Kane Williamson (New Zealand) and Steven Smith (Australia) have been named as the Wisden Almanacks Five Cricketers of the Year 2015 for their outstanding performance in a year.
  1206. India's Cochin (Kochi) airport became first airport in world to completely run on solar power. It now produces 50,000 - 60,000 units of electricity per day, enough for all its operational functions.
  1207. 4th retreat of Supreme Court Judges 2016 held at National Judicial Academy in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
  1208. India's first online interactive heritage portal Sahapedia has been launched by Union Government. It will be a collaborative knowledge resource on arts, culture and heritage of India.
  1209. Regional Conference of North Eastern States on Child Adoption held at State Convention Centre in Shillong, Meghalaya.
  1210. 3th Islamic Summit Conference concluded in Istanbul (Turkey) with theme Unity and Solidarity for Justice and Peace.
  1211. As per ASSOCHAM-SREI report - PPP Investment in Indian Infrastructure: Need for growth and development, Uttar Pradesh acquired top position with highest share (15%) in Public-Private Partnership (PPP) projects across India, followed by Maharashtra (11%), Haryana (8.5%), Gujarat (6%) and Madhya Pradesh (4.5%).
  1212. In Telangana, Balamallupalli village in Karimanagar district has been awarded as the best Panchayat in India.
  1213. Inzamam-ul-Haq, former Pakistan captain, has been appointed as the chief selector of Pakistan.
  1214. Minister of Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan inaugurated India's first Cellulosic Alcohol Technology Demonstration Plant (Second Generation Ethanol Plant) at Kashipur, Uttarakhand.
  1215. USA's Pop music star Prince Rogers Nelson (Prince) passed away.
  1216. Bhupendra Kainthola appointed as Director of Film and Television Institute of India (FTII).
  1217. Mouamba Clement is appointed as new Prime Minister of central African country Congo.
  1218. China and Pakistan signed agreement for launch of a special satellite to monitor the development of multi-billion dollars China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects. Pakistan Remote Sensing Satellite (PRSS-1) System will be developed and a satellite will be launched in June 2018.
  1219. President Pranab Mukherjee nominated 6 eminent members to Rajya Sabha - Mary Kom (Boxer and Olympic bronze medallist), Narendra Jadhav (economist and former member of National Advisory Council), Suresh Gopi(Noted Malayalam actor), Swapan Dasgupta (Noted Journalist), Subramanian Swamy (Senior BJP leader), Navjot Singh Sidhu (Noted cricketer-turned-politician).
    1. As per Article 80 (Part V) of the Constitution, President can nominate 12 members in the Council of States (Rajya Sabha).
  1220. Noted Actor Salman Khan named as goodwill ambassador of Indian contingent for upcoming Olympics to be held in August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  1221. India ratified WTOs (World Trade Organisation) Trade Facilitation Agreement that aims at easing customs procedures to boost commerce. India is 76th WTO member to ratify TFA.
    1. TFA is WTOs first-ever multilateral accord that aims to simplify customs regulations for the cross-border movement of goods.
  1222. India and France launched a programme with $1 trillion Potential Solar Programme under International Solar Alliance (ISA). It is a solar finance programme that aims at helping developing countries to fully harness their solar resources for a clean energy future.
  1223. Japan successfully tested its first domestically developed single-pilot stealth fighter jet X-2. Japan became fourth country (after United States, Russia and China) to have indigenous full-size stealth combat aircraft.
  1224. India will host Commonwealth Judo Championships in Jaipur (Rajasthan) in 2018.
  1225. Parliament passed Sikh Gurdwaras (Amendment) Bill, 2016 to remove exception given to Sahjdhari Sikhs in 1944 to vote in elections to members of Board and Committees constituted under parent Act.
  1226. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. become first Indian company to sign up for EP100, a global energy productivity campaign. Singatories of this campaign have to double their energy productivity by 2030.
  1227. Government constituted 8-member committee under Ashok Dalwai (Additional secretary at Agriculture Ministry ) to prepare a blueprint for doubling farmers' income by 2022.
  1228. Lok Sabha passed Regional Centre for Biotechnology Bill 2016 to provide statutory status to existing Regional Centre for Biotechnology in Faridabad (Haryana). It will provide legislative backing to Regional Centre and also confers upon it the status of an institution of national importance.
  1229. Eleventh edition of India-Mongolia joint military training Exercise Nomadic Elephant – 2016 held in Mongolia.
  1230. Indias Mairaj Ahmed Khan won silver in men's skeet event at ISSF World Cup held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  1231. Indian rower Dattu Baban Bhokanal qualified for 2016 Rio Olympics to be held in August 2016 in Brazil. He qualified Rio Olympics after winning a silver medal in single sculls event in South Korea.
  1232. The book The Story of Kashmir through the Ages, written by Arjan Nath Chaku and Inder K Chaku has been released.
  1233. President Pranab Mukherjee Presented Hindi Sevi Samman Awards for years 2012, 2013 and 2014 t0 42 people in 7 categories. These Awards were instituted by Central Hindi Institute, Agra in 1989.
    1. Dr George Grieson Award -
      1. 2012 - Alka Dhanpat
      2. 2013 - Ge Fuping
      3. 2014 - Shichiro Soma
    2. Ganga Sharan Singh Award -
      1. 2012 - B Satyanarayan, Radhakant Mishra, R Surendran
      2. 2013 - Shirda Kumar Shakya, T S K Krishnan, Ravindranath Mishra, D N Savitri
      3. 2014 - M Venkateswar, V D Hegde, Deven Chand Das (Sudama), Beena Budki
    3. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Award -
      1. 2012 - Mahesh Darpan, Viswanath Sachdev
      2. 2013 - Rajeev Katara, B Ve Lalitamba
      3. 2014 - Devendra Kumar, Shatrughan Prasad
    4. Atmaram Award -
      1. 2012 - Om Prakash Sharma, Ganesh Shankar Paliwal
      2. 2013 - Balendu Sharma Dhadeech, Dinesh Mani
      3. 2014 - Suresh Kumar Jindal, Suresh Tiwari
    5. Subramanhyam Bharti Award -
      1. 2012 - S Vijya
      2. 2013 - I N Chandrashekhar Reddy, Mukta
      3. 2014 - Narendra Kohli, Syoraj Singh 'Bechain'
    6. Mahapandit Rahul Sankratiyayan Award -
      1. 2012 - S Rahamtullah, G Gopinathan
      2. 2013 - Viswanath Prasad Tiwari, Pooran Singh Dabas
      3. 2014 - Suresh Gautam, Baldev Vanshi
    7. Moturi Satyanarayan Award -
      1. 2012 - Sushma Bedi
      2. 2013 - Sneh Thakur
  1234. Mumbai-born David and Simon Reuben topped The Sunday Times Britain's Rich List 2016 with a fortune of 13.1 billion pounds, followed by Hinduja brothers at 13 billion pounds.
  1235. Google India named as Most Attractive Employer in 6th Randstad Awards 2016 for 2nd consecutive year. Mercedes-Benz India was the runner-up. Sectorwise - Dell India (IT), Samsung India (Consumer Electronics) and Amazon India (E-Commerce).
  1236. World Bank and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank signed first co-financing framework agreement between two institutions.
  1237. Paytm founder Vijay Shekhar Sharma will chair newly formed Payments Banks Group at industry body Internet and Mobile Association of India​ (IAMAI).
  1238. In view of Public Health, Delhi Government banned chewable tobacco for 1 year.
  1239. 2 days Maritime India Summit 2016 held in Mumbai.
  1240. Volodymyr Groysman appointed as new prime minister of Ukraine.
  1241. The World's largest wooden Charkha (spinning wheel, weighing 4 tonnes) will be installed at Terminal 3 of Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi. It is made by KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission ).
  1242. Forbes First Global Game Changers List of 30 powerful business leaders worldwide -
    1. Topped by Mark Benioff of
    2. Indians - Rahul Bhatia of InterGlobe Enterprises (Rank 3), Cyrus Poonawalla of Serum Institute of India (Rank 23), and Sunny Varkey of GEMS Education (Rank 26).
  1243. Mumbai Press Club selected T N Ninan for RedInk Award for Lifetime Achievement in Journalism 2016.
  1244. Mandd Sobhan, a Konkani cultural organisation, will set up a Konkani museum in Mangaluru (Karnataka).
  1245. According to agency Carat, India's 2016 advertising growth rate will be fastest at 12%, which is ahead of global average of 4.5%. India's ad growth rate will also be ahead of most other markets including the USA (4.7 %), the UK (6.2 %), Russia (0.2 %), China (5.8 %), Japan (1.8 %), and Brazil (6.8 %).
  1246. 21 April - National Civil Services Day. It Marks Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel's addresss to first batch of probationers at All India Administrative Service Training School at Metcalfe House, New Delhi in 1947.
  1247. FICCI Ladies Organization (FLO) will set up 2 Mahila Huts in Gujarat for upliftment of women belonging to all sections of society through education and training.
  1248. Prime Minister Awards for Implementation of Priority Programmes -
    1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJSY) - Nagaon (Assam) in North East and Hill States, Chandigarh in UTs and North 24 Parganas (West Bengal) in Other States.
    2. Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) - West Sikkim in North East & Hill states and Bikaner (Rajasthan) awarded in Other States category.
  1249. Haryana Government notified Affordable Plotted Housing Policy 2016 for low and medium potential towns also known as Deen Dayal Jan Awas Yojna, to enable creation of additional affordable housing stock in low and medium potential towns of state. Projects under this policy will have min and max net planned area between 5 - 15 acres.
  1250. Panasonic and AES India will construct a 10 MW energy storage array at Panasonic's Technopark manufacturing facility in Jhajjar, Haryana. It is first large-scale battery-based energy storage project in India.
  1251. Sri Lanka's Sri Jayewardenepura University signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Japan and India on collaboration in science and technology.
  1252. International Cricket Council (ICC) renewed its deal with Emirates Airline for further seven years.
  1253. Indian diplomat in UK, Amitav Banerji has been conferred with one of highest awards of Cyprus (Island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea).
  1254. A Ajith Kumar is appointed as Kerala-based Rubber Board's chairman.
  1255. Bounnhang Vorachith is appointed as President of Laos and Thongloun Sisoulith is appointed as Prime Minister of Laos.
  1256. Indian tyre manufactures JK Tyre acquied tyre, tube and flap maker Cavendish Industries for Rs 2200 crores.
  1257. Department of Disinvestment is renamed as Department of Investment and Public Asset Management or 'Dipam'. It has been mandated to advise government in the matters of financial restructuring of central public sector enterprises.
  1258. TIME's 100 most influential people List -
    1. Indians - Raghuram Rajan (RBI Governor), Priyanka Chopra (Actress), Sania Mirza (Tennis), Sunita Narain (environmentalist), Sachin and Binny Bansal (Flipkart Co-founders), Sundar Pichai (Google CEO)
  1259. 8th International Seminar on Wheat and Wheat Products will be held in Panaji (Goa) in July 2016 with theme New Ideas and Innovation for Growth.
  1260. Airline Vistara signed agreement with Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) for a broad range of information technology (IT) services.
  1261. 22 April, 2016 - Earth Day (46th). 2016 Theme is Trees for the Earth!.
  1262. Indian IT services company Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is recognized as one of United Kingdom's leading employers for women in a list published by The Times.
  1263. MK Gandhi's granddaughter Tara Gandhi Bhattacharjee is conferred with Order of Arts and Letters, one of Frances top honours, for her work for promoting peace, solidarity, culture, education, and development.
  1264. Anti-slavery crusader Harriet Tubman will become first African-American on face of US paper currency, as she will replace former President Andrew Jackson on $20 bill.
  1265. India signed historic Paris climate agreement along with over 170 nations during a UN General Assembly Ceremony at UN Headquarters in New York City (USA). It is a significant step that for cutting down greenhouse gas emissions to combat global warming. Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar attended on India's Behalf.
  1266. Cab aggregator Uber signed agreement with Gujarat Tourism and FICCI to facilitate training for Uber driver-partners. Uber also signed pact with Election Commission in Tamil Nadu to spread awareness on voting among the electorate.
  1267. BCCI will host its first-ever day and night cricket Test with pink ball during New Zealand tour to India in 2016.
  1268. ICC suspended Hong Kong all rounder Irfan Ahmed for 2.5 years as he admitted to breach the ICC's Anti-Corruption Code.
  1269. Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers Ananta Kumar announced to provide a plastic park to Andhra Pradesh. Foundation stone for Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology (CIPET) near Vijayawada has been laid out.
  1270. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) sanctioned loan of Rs 1,000 crore to Haryana State Warehousing Corporation (HSWC) for purchase of wheat during ongoing rabi marketing season.
  1271. Tata Trusts signed pact with Odisha government to achieve elimination of Malaria from state by 2030.
  1272. Cadbury India (part of Mondelez International) inaugurated its $190 million factory in Sri City SEZ, on the border of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. It companys largest plant in Asia Pacific.
  1273. India banned import of milk and milk products, certain mobile phones and a few other items from China after finding them sub-standard or not following security codes.
  1274. Actor Manoj Bajpayee chosen for Dadasaheb Phalke Award in Best Actor (Critics Choice) category for his role in Aligarh Movie.
  1275. 23 Apr - World Book and Copyright Day. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) first observed in 1995.
  1276. 23 April - Khongjom Day of Manipur. It pays tribute to war heroes of Anglo-Manipur War 1891 who sacrificed their lives fighting against British to protect freedom of Manipur.
  1277. Heart of Asia conference held in New Delhi with an aim to bring peace to Afghanistan and speeding up its reconstruction process.
  1278. Sports Ministry will provide lakh rupees monthly allowance to sports persons under Target Olympic Podium (TOP) scheme for their preparation for Olympics and Paralympics Games at Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). 77 Indian athletes in eight disciplines have qualified for the Olympics till date and more are likely to qualify in the next two months. 
  1279. INS Karmuk along with a Dornier Maritime Patrol Aircraft participated in 22nd Indo-Thai Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) in Andaman Sea.
  1280. Football club Mohun Bagan's striker Jeje Lalpekhlua named as Football Players Association of India (FPAI) Player of The Year.
  1281. Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) founder Amanullah Khan passed away.
  1282. Hero MotoCorp will set up a factory in Andhra Pradesh with investment of 3000 crores and 1.8 million units annual capacity.
  1283. Videocon d2h announced that its over 1.5 crore consumers can now recharge their d2h service using Vodafone m-pesa. It will allows Videocon d2h customers a simple recharge facility using m-pesa platform.
  1284. Kalash indigenous Community residing in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan is reportedly facing existential Threat. They currently have a Population of around 3000.
  1285. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) took over infrastructure of abandoned Tapti gas field in western offshore from its joint venture partners Reliance Industries and BG. It will save ONGC an investment worth up to 4000 crore rupees to bring neighbouring Daman block into production before schedule.
  1286. World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) revoked accreditation of Moscow Antidoping Center of Russia. It was suspended in November 2015.
  1287. Infosys launched new app named Itihaasa that chronicles Indian IT journey since 1950s.
  1288. The making of India: The untold story of British Enterprises has been authored by Kartar Lalvani.
  1289. Himachal Pradesh High Court issued notice to Union and State governments on issue of declaring monkeys as vermin for six months in Shimla. It means anyone can kill monkeys anywhere in Shimla without official permission.
  1290. 24 April - Panchayati Raj Day. It marks passing of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24 April 1993. It helped in decentralization of political power to the grassroots level through institutionalization of Panchayati Raj (PR) through village, Intermediate and District level Panchayats.
  1291. United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) released report titled Fairness for Children: A league table of inequality in child well-being in rich countries. It incdicates inequalities in child well-being in 41 countries of European Union (EU) and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Denmark is at the top of the overall league table with lowest inequality among children. Israel ranked lowest across all domains.
  1292. High-intensity earthquake of magnitude 7.8 on Richter scale struck South American country of Ecuador.
  1293. International Hockey Federation announced a new annual global home and away league, involving world's leading hockey nations, to be launched in 2019. It will replace Hockey World League (HWL) Semi-Finals and Finals and the Champions Trophy.
  1294. Bollywood actress Radhika Apte won best actress in an international narrative feature honour at Tribeca Film Festival 2016 for her performance in anthology film Madly.
  1295. Andhra Pradesh Government inaugurated state's interim government complex named AP Government Transitional Headquarters at Velagapudi village in capital region Amaravati.
  1296. World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) suspended accreditation of National Anti-Doping Laboratory of Beijing and prohibits the Chinese laboratory from carrying out any WADA-related anti-doping activities including all analyses of urine and blood samples.
  1297. Interim Administrative Cell of International Solar Alliance (ISA Cell) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) announced to promote solar energy globally, during side event on International Solar Alliance at UN Headquarters in New York.
  1298. 25 April - World Malaria Day. 2016 Theme is End Malaria For Good.
    1. Madhya Pradesh Government signed agreement with Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Sun Pharma for research and innovation in preventive health, for Malaria Free India.
  1299. Barcelona open Tennis 2016 -
    1. Men's Singles - Rafael Nadal defeated Kei Nishikori of Japan.
    2. Men's Doubles - Bob Bryan and Mike Bryan of USA.
  1300. Stuttgart Grand Prix Women's Tennis 2016 -
    1. Doubles - Caroline Garcia and Kristina Mladenovic (France)
    2. Singles - Angelique Kerber (Germany).
  1301. World Bank Group released 2016 edition of World Development Indicators (WDI) that provides high-quality cross-country statistics about development and people's lives around the globe. WDI includes 1400 indicators for over 200 economies and has moved from MDGs to SDGs in 2016 edition. 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have 169 targets, built on previously used 8 goals and 18 targets of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
    1. WDI 2016 now includes estimates of global and national extreme poverty rates at international poverty line of 1.90 US dollars/day per person. These show that 13 % of the global population lived in extreme poverty in 2012, down from 37 percent in 1990. 
  1302. Bharat Petroleum Corporation got approval for its 694-crore rupees project at Haldia Dock Complex in West Bengal for developing LPG import terminal, storage and distribution facilities. It will boost supply and help achieve government's target of making LPG available to each household by 2018. Domestic production of LPG is around 12.38 million metric tonne per annum (mmtpa, lower than estimated demand of 18.65 mmtpa in 2016.
  1303. Riyad Mahrez (Algeria) became first African footballer to win Professional Footballers Associations (PFA) Player of the Year award for 2015 - 16.He second non-European, after Uruguayan striker Luis Suarez, to grab the award. Tottenham Hotspur midfielder Dele Alli was named Young Player of the Year.
  1304. K Ashok Kumar, a research scholar from IIT Kharagpur won prestigious International Plant Nutrition Scholar Award for his work on project aimed at studing soil nutrient dynamics under organic and inorganic nutrient management to improve crop yield and quality of rice-chickpea cropping system in lateritic soil.
  1305. Tourism Ministry launched NOC Online Application and Processing System (NOAPS) Web Portal of National Monuments Authority. It is developed through technology of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), who mapping 3686 ASI monuments and sites in country.
  1306. Operation Sulaimani is an initiative to eradicate poverty by feeding needy in Kozhikode (Kerala) hotels, aimed at avoiding food wastage in district.
  1307. 26 April - World Intellectual Property Day. 2016 Theme is Digital Creativity: Culture Reimagined.
  1308. India Pride Project (IPP) initiative launched by 2 NRIs Vijay Kumar and Anurag Saxena with an aim to bring back lost artefacts to India and restore Nations pride through restoring its culture. IPP is managed by several volunteers around the world, which identifies stolen art, traces its route and attempts to restore it back to its rightful place through use of Twitter to spread the message.
  1309. World Immunization Week 2016 organised across between 24 - 30 April 2016 with campaign theme Close the Immunization Gap and it seeks to achieve global vaccination targets by 2020. It will be 2nd year of Close the Immunization Gap campaign.
  1310. Bangladesh approved draft of Supreme Court Judge (Investigation Act) 2016, to empower Parliament to impeach a judge in Supreme Court in case of misconduct or incapacity of the Judge.
  1311. Saudi Arabia approved Vision 2030 as an economic reform plan with roadmap for diversifying Saudi economy in next 14 years and to ensure that Saudi Arabia can live without oil by 2020. It includes forming public investment fund, boosting affordable housing and giving expats long-term residence.
  1312. The Border Security Force will hoist tallest national flag by January 2017 at Attari-Wagah Joint Check Post (the Wagah border). The national flag will be 350-feet high and will be visible from Pakistan's largest city Lahore.
  1313. Beijing Olympics gold medalist and ace shooter Abhinav Bindra Joined Salman Khan as India's Goodwill Ambassador for Rio Olympics 2016.
  1314. Odisha Government launched 100 piped water supply projects for rural areas and promised to make piped water provision in all gram panchayats by 2017, on occasion of 'Utkal Gaurab Madhusudan Das anniversary.
  1315. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) and Saarc Development Fund (SDF) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for mutual cooperation and collaboration.
  1316. Nagalands capital Kohima has been declared as a smoke-free city.
  1317. Book Blood on my Hands: Confessions of Staged Encounters is written by Kishalay Bhatacharjee.
  1318. Government banned import of dogs for commercial breeding. The imports are allowed only for research or defence purposes.
  1319. South Africa sports ministry imposed sanctions on Cricket South Africa (CSA) along with other three federations, which disallow them to host or bid for any major international tournaments. Decision will be reviewed in 2017.
  1320. South Korea announced that its Olympic athletes will wear uniforms that have been infused with insect repellent to keep mosquitoes carrying Zika virus.
  1321. Kane Williamson appointed 29th test cricket captain of New Zealand cricket Team.
  1322. Tobago batsman Iraq Thomas created a record by scoring 21-ball century in Tobago Cricket Associations T20 tournament at Louis D'or. He broke previous record made by Chris Gayle when he made century in 30 balls in IPL Match against Pune Warriors.
  1323. Government approved utilization of 400 hectares of un-cultivable farm land at Central State Farm (CSF), Jetsar in Sri Ganganagar District, Rajasthan for setting up of a solar Power Plant of capacity 200 MW. Land is presently in possession of National Seeds Corporation (NSC).
  1324.  Government allowed States to impose stock limits to check price rise in sugar, keeping in view recent upward trend in sugar prices. Step was taken after recent proce rises came under Government's notice, inspite of sufficient availability of sugar stocks with Sugar Mills.
  1325. Government approved MoU with Papua New Guinea on cooperation in Healthcare and Medical Sciences.
  1326. Government approved MoU between Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) and Insurance Authority of United Arab Emirates for cooperation in field of insurance supervision.s
  1327. India will Launch GSAT-11 spacecraft by first quarter of 2017. GSAT-11 is a first generation high throughput communication satellite with mass of about 5600 kg, operating in Ka/Ku bands. It is a multi-beam satellite with 32 user beams and 8 hub beams over India. At present, India does not possess capability to launch this weight class of satellite is not available, so the laich services will be procurred.
  1328. Rahuri Municipal Council of Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra became first Municipal Council to attain status of integrated with digital locker for issuance of all essential Documents, as part of Digital India Programme.
  1329. Govenment appointed S. K. Bhagat as Director General of Railway Protection Force.
  1330. Government revised stuition fee in IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) to 2 lakh per annum from 2016-17 with complete waiver for SC/ST/PH students. All students shall have access to interest free loan under Vidyalaxmi scheme for total payable tuition fee. 
  1331. MoU signed between Mahindra Intertrade and MSTC Limited for setting up Joint Venture Company for establishing first Auto Shredding Plant in India in New Delhi.
  1332. Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (CIMAP) Lucknow reported that novel use of cow urine distillate (Kamdhenu Ark) can enhance killing activities of different antibiotics on bacteria Cow urine distillate possess property of bio-enhancement of an anti-cancer natural agent Taxol (paclitaxel). A US patent on the research finding has also been obtained.
  1333. Asian Development Bank (ADB) has forecast growth rate at 7.4% in 2016-17 as against 7.6% during 2015-16.
  1334. Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) launched mobile app Indian Customs- Guide to Travellers, to inform international travelers about Customs Baggage rules, who may be traders/exporters/importers.
  1335. Based on data by International Trade Centre, India's share in international food trade in 2014 is estimated at 2.5%.
  1336. Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation approved investment of 9005 crore for construction of 73,205 more houses for Economically Weaker Sections under Prime Minister’s Awas Yojana in Maharashtra, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir. 
  1337. Ministry of consumer affairs, food and public distribution announced that food grains under Mid-Day Meal (MDM) scheme will now be supplied to states at further subsidized rates as prescribed under National Food Security Act, instead of prescribed BPL rates. New Rates for food grains will be under MDM Scheme will be applicable for first two quarters of 2016-17.
    1. Now, food grains will be supplied at NFSA rate of Rs 3 per kilo for rice and Rs 2 per kilo for wheat with effect from April 1, 2016. 10.2 crore children across country get hot cooked meals in 11.56 lakh elementary schools across country.
    2. Previously, 23.19 lakh tonnes of rice and 4.56 lakh tonnes of wheat was allocated to States and UTs at BPL rates of Rs 5.65 per kilo for rice and Rs 4.15 per kilo for wheat.
  1338. Railway Minister announceD 2 passenger friendly services -
    1. Cancellation of PRS counter tickets through IRCTC website and 139 - The passenger has to dial 139 giving details of the confirmed ticket for cancelling it and the sender will get a one-time password (OTP). Passenger has to reach the Passenger Reservation System (PRS) counter and reveal the OTP to claim refund.
    2. Acceptance of International Debit and Credit Cards for payment for e-ticketing.
  1339. Government's LED programme - Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) launched in Madhya Pradesh with objective of distributing three crore LED bulbs over six months.
  1340. 28 April - World Day for Safety and Health at Work. 2016 Theme is Workplace Stress: a collective challenge.
  1341. Supreme Court approved a single common entrance test National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to MBBS and BDS courses for 2016-17. All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) fixed for May 1, 2016 will now be treated as NEET-1.
  1342. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched Indias 7th navigation satellite IRNSS 1G to complete Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). Satellite was launched into a Sub-Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C-33 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh, with a lift-off mass of 1425 kg.
    1. IRNSS 1G satellite is last space segment satellites of the IRNSS system. With this, India joined group of nations with their own GPS (Global Positioning System) or navigation system. Other nations are USs GPS , Russias Glonass, Japans Quasi Zenith, Europes Galileo and Chinas Beidou.
    2. It equipped with 2 types of payloads - navigation payload and ranging devices. Navigation payload will be used to transmit navigation service signals to the users and ranging payload consists of a C-band transponder that will facilitate determination of range of satellite.
    3. IRNSS System -
      1. It consists of seven satellites of which three are geostationary and four are non-geostationary.
      2. 4 Geosynchronous satellites will be orbiting in pairs in two inclined geosynchronous orbits. When observed from the ground, these 2 pairs of satellites will appear to travel in figures of ‘8.
      3. 3 Geostationary satellites will be placed in geostationary orbit over the equator.
      4. Services - IRNSS will provide real-time accurate position information of objects to users in an area of 1,500 km with 2 types of services - Restricted Service (encrypted service provided to authorised users maily military) and Standard Positioning Services to all users.
  1343. Indias Deepika Kumari equalled world record set by South Koreas Ki Boe Bae in Womens Recurve event at qualifying stage of Archery World Cup held in Shanghai (China) by scoring 686 out of 720 to finish 1st in qualifiers.
  1344. Railway Ministry decided to create 1 lakh crore rupees safety fund named Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh to strengthen safety measures on rail network to prevent accidents.
  1345. Russia successfully launched first rocket (unmanned Soyuz-21a) from its newly built Vostochny Cosmodrome in Amur Oblast, Far East region bordering China.
  1346. Indian academician Radha Kumar appointed as United Nation's University Council along with other 11 people by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
  1347. Noted Kerala cartoonist V T Thomas passed away.
  1348. Parliament passed Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order (Amendment) Bill 2016 to amend list of list of Scheduled Castes (SC) from 4 states
    1. Chhattisgarh - Inclusion of Sais, Sahis, Sarathi, Soot-Sarathi, Thanwar communities in list.
    2. Haryana - Inclusion of Aheria, Aheri, Hari, Heri, Thori, Turi and Rai Sikh communities in list.
    3. Kerala - Inclusion of Peruvannan community and Modification in area of specification of Malayan community.
    4. West Bengal 0 Removal of area restriction of Chain community.
    5. Odisha - Exclusion of Bariki and Kummari communities in list.
  1349. Tibetan government-in-exile re-elected Lobsang Sangey as Prime Minister for second consecutive term.
  1350. Government made mandatory for mobile manufacturers to add in-built panic button from January 1, 2017 and global positioning system (GPS) in all phones from Jan 1, 2018.
  1351. China successfully launched Kunpeng-1B sounding rocket equipped with a new altitude control system, aimed at carrying measurements in upper atmosphere and to help in high-speed flight and space tourism research.
  1352. Indian Navy inaugurated naval detachment at Androth Island of Lakshadweep archipelago, to strengthen maritime security around Arabian Sea and enhance surveillance of crucial shipping lanes.
  1353. Shyam Benegal headed committee submitted its report to I&B minister Arun Jaitley. Committee was tasked to look into measures for revamping functioning of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
  1354. Gujarat Government will provide 10 % reservation for economically backward classes (EBCs) in general category in government jobs and admission to educational institutions from next academic year.
  1355. India's Nand Kishore Singh has been selected for prestigious Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver, Japans highest civilian award for promoting economic, educational and cultural ties between India and Japan.
  1356. Chinese researchers developed world's first graphene electronic paper which is is more pliable and has more intensity as compared to traditional e-papers. It has high-light transmittance means optical displays will be much brighter.
  1357. IT major Mindtree co-founder Subroto Bagchi has been appointed as head of Odisha Skill Development Authority.
  1358. Reliance Defence signed agreement with 3 Ukrainian firms (Ukroboronprom, Spetstechno Exports and Antonov) to collaborate on range of military products.
  1359. Pakistani women's rights activist from Swat valley Tabassum Adnan has won prestigious 2016 Nelson Mandela Graça Machel Innovation Award.
  1360. 29 April - Inrternational Dance Day.
  1361. 29 April: Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare.
  1362. Election Commission of India launched innovative mobile application e-voter with comprehensive details about forthcoming 2016 Assembly polls in Kerala.
  1363. Indian women's team (Deepika Kumari, Bombayla Devi Laishram and Laxmirani Majhi) won silver in recurve team final of Archery World Cup in Shanghai (China). They lost to Chinese team in Final.
  1364. Book No Time to Pause has been authored by Pavithra Ramesh.
  1365. New Zealand's $5 polymer note won IBNS Bank Note of the Year Award 2015. This award is an initiative of International Bank Note Society (IBNS) to recognize an exceptional banknote issued each year.
  1366. PM Narendra Modi will address joint meeting of United States Congress during his visit to Washington in June 2016.
  1367. World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) annual report for 2014 -
    1. India is ranked 3rd in Anti-Doping Rule Violations Report (ADRVs) in 2014, with 96 of 1,693 doping violations cases.
    2. List is topped by Russia (148), followed by Italy (123), India (96), Belgium (91), France (91).
  1368. Sudarsan Pattnaik, renowned sand artist from India has won gold medal at 9th Moscow Sand Sculpture Championship The magical world of sand at Moscow (Russia).
  1369. Book The Great Indian World Trip is authored by Tushar Agarwal.
  1370. Uttar Pradesh police launched Operation Milan in Lucknow to rescue abducted youths and minors and reunite them with their families.
  1371. Bhupender Yadav Committee on Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2015 submitted report. As per report -
    1. Any person adjudged as insolvent may also be covered under definition of bankrupt.
    2. Provident fund, pension fund and gratuity which provide social safety net of employees should be secured in the event of liquidation of a Company.
    3. New provisions relating to cross-border insolvency should also be Inserted.
  1372. Andhra Pradesh Eastern Power Distribution Company Limited (APEPDCL) become first e-office electricity distribution company with purpose of clearing files without any delay and ensuring transparency and accountability.
  1373. Book Alphabet Soup for Lovers is authored by Anita Nair.
  1374. Noted Actor Jeetendra is honoured with 2016 Lifetime Achievement of Master Dinanath Mangeshkar Award.
  1375. Book Flying in High Winds: A Memoir is authored by S.K. Mishra.
  1376. Chithirai festival celebrated at Meenakshi Temple in Madurai (Tamil Nadu), for symbolizing unity of saivitism and vaishnavism.
  1377. Book Param Vir: A War Diary is written by Manju Lodha.
  1378. Kerala state branch of Indian Medical Association (IMA) has partnered with UNICEF to promote safe and healthy practices for improving maternal and child health in the state.
  1379. Noted Sanskrit scholar Vijayveer Vidyalankar is selected for 25th Yudhvir Foundation Memorial Award for his work on the Rasa Sddhant and Vedas.
  1380. India extended Line of Credit (LoC) of 1 billion USD to Mongolia, on occasion ofg Mongolian Foreign Minister Lundeg Purevsuren visiting India.
  1381. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) entered into collaboration with Germany for a special programme on ‘Soil Protection and Rehabilitation for Food Security‘.
  1382. 2016 Spring Meetings of World Bank and IMF Held in Washington DC (USA). Attended by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on India's Behalf.
  1383. 6th Economic and Financial Partnership Dialogue between India and USA held in Wahington DC (USA). India and USA will enhance collaboration on tackling offshore tax evasion and increase co-operation in sharing of cross-border tax information.
  1384. BRICS New Development Bank Board of Governors Meeting and BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting held in Washington DC (USA). Attended by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on India's Behalf.
  1385. G-20 Session for Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors held in Washington DC (USA). Attended by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on India's Behalf. G20 countries sought a crackdown on tax heavens, shell companies and terror financing in wake of the ‘Panama Papers’ scandal.
  1386. President Pranab Mukherjee visited Papua New Guinea and New Zealand -
    1. New Zealand
      1. Air Services Agreement signed for introduction of direct flights between India and New Zealand.
    2. Papua New Guinea -
      1. $100 Million Credit Line from India to Papua New Guinea for projects in Transport and infrastructure sectors.
      2. MoU in field of Health Care and Medical Science, Agriculture, Information Technology.
  1387. Government has set minimum wage for contract workers to Rs. 10,000 per month.
  1388. Government approved public disclosure of scores and ranking of candidates who appear for recruitment examinations conducted by various public recruitment agencies for benefit of employers in public and private sector seeking qualified candidates through a portal.
  1389. Government disinvested its 11.36% shares in National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) to raise about Rs. 2,700 crores.
  1390. Isuzu Motors opened its manufacturing plant in Andhra Pradesh and rolled out its India-made D-Max pick-up.
  1391. Badminton Player Nandu Natekar became first non-Cricketer to be inducted into Legends Club founded by late Cricket Club of India (CCI) president Raj Singh Dungarpur.
  1392. International Cricket Council suspended Cricket Association of Nepal (CAN) due to lack of leadership and misgovernance.
  1393. New emblem of Tokyo 2020 Olympics and Paralympic Games has been unveiled. Logo features a circular Japanese traditional checkered pattern.
  1394. Singapore's largest bank, DBS unveiled mobile only bank in India - digibank. It uses technologies such as bio metrics and artificial intelligence to enable paperless and branch less banking.
  1395. Global data services company Experian launched its Hunter Fraud Score in India as a new scoring mechanism. It will help measureing probability of fraud in a credit application across banking and insurance industries.
  1396. BSE (Bombay Stopck Exchange) signed MoU with Korea Exchange (KRX) of South Korea for listing S&P BSE Sensex-based derivatives contracts on KRX.
  1397. 2016 Commonwealth Judo Championships held in South Africa. India will host Commonwealth Judo Championships in Jaipur (Rajasthan) in 2018.
  1398. Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) announced appointment of Sanath Jayasuriya as chief selector of Sri Lankan Cricket team.
  1399. Mongolia conferred its highest civilian award "North Star" to 2 noted Indian scholars-Lokesh Chandra and Mansura Haider for their contribution to Mongolian studies.
  1400. Government approved Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) to invest Rs. 3,000 in Bharat Oman Refineries Limited (BORL).
  1401. Government will to make it mandatory to set aside 1 % of total cost of any highway project for road safety.
  1402. 1 Mar - Zero Discrimination Day. Theme is Stand Out.
  1403. 1 Mar - 40th Civil Accounts Day of India.
  1404. Government approved setting up 36th International Geological Congress society under Society Registration Act 1860 for organizing 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) in 2020 and promoting geoscience in Indian subcontinent. Event will be held in NCR, Delhi in March 2-6, 2020 with budget of 52 crores.
  1405. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved winding up of National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC) as it has fulfilled mandate for which it was constituted. NMCC was established in 2004 as a forum for policy dialogue to sustain growth of manufacturing industr.
  1406. Multinational Field Training Exercise (FTX) FORCE 18, involving ASEAN Plus countries held in Pune (Maharashtra). Sofia Qureshi became first woman officer to lead Indian Army contingent at a multi-national military exercise.
  1407. World Bank approved IDA credit of US$ 300 Million for Madhya Pradesh Higher Education Quality Improvement Project.
  1408. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Economy of Luxembourg, Etienne Schneider visited India.
  1409. Government will launch 'Setubharatam' project to make all National Highways railway crossing free by 2019 by cost INR 10,200 crores.
  1410. First U.S India Workshop on Traditional Medicine held in New Delhi.
  1411. Government announced exclusive and unique Organic Value Chain Development scheme for Rs. 115 crore for North Eastern Region. It is aimed at boosting organic Farming entrepreneurship in North East.
  1412. Retreat for Banks and Financial Institutions called Gyan Sangam held at State Bank Academy, Gurgaon (Haryana).
  1413. Punjab signed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) under Scheme UDAY – Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana and became 7th state to do so. Combined DISCOM debt to be restructured for 7 participating states is 1.6 lakh crores. Total outstanding DISCOM debt is 4.3 lakh crores.
  1414. RK Dhowan, Chief of Naval Staff Visited United Kingdom.
  1415. Secretary General of Geneva (Switzerland) Based World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Petteri Taalas visited India.
  1416. Minister of Women and Child Development, Maneka Sanjay Gandhi launched Mahila e-Haat as online marketing platform for women. It is a unique online platform where participants can display their products, as part of Digital India and Stand Up India initiatives.
  1417. Noted playwright and director Ratan Thiyam has been selected for prestigious Lifetime Achievement Award for 2016 at Mahindra Excellence in Theatre Awards (META).
  1418. Slovenian high-jumper Rozle Prezelj has been elected as chairman of International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) Athletes' Commission.
  1419. MS Swaminathan Research Foundation signed MOU with Bhubaneswar-based Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS) to establish a Research Chair, named after MS Swaminathan (father of Indian Green Revolution).
  1420. Government constituted a committee under Mahesh Kumar Singla, to consider Scheduled Tribe status to six Communities of Assam (Koch Rajbongshi, Moran, Matak, Tai Ahom, Chutia and Adivasi).
  1421. Haryana Government changed name of Mustafabad village in Yamuna Nagar district to Saraswati Nagar (derived from mythological Saraswati River).
  1422. Rahul Sachdev won first All India Open Invitational Snooker Championship 2016 at Aurangabad (Maharashtra).
  1423. Peru declared emergency for 3 weeks after a major oil (3000 Barrels) pipeline burst in northeast region affecting two rivers Chiriaco and Morona.
  1424. Three British scientists Timothy Bliss, Graham Collingridge and Graham Collingridge have won 2016 Grete Lundbeck European Brain Research Prize (also known as Brain Prize) for giving vital insight how human brain remembers, learns and navigates.
  1425. International Finance Corporation (IFC) of World Bank launched its first Uridashi Masala Bonds (Japanese bonds), to mobilise 30 crore rupees from Japanese retail investors and will be sold to Japanese household investors. The proceeds from these bonds will be used for promoting private sector development in India.
    1. Masala bonds are rupee-denominated instruments sold only to offshore investors by Indian corporates for raising money from overseas investors.
  1426. Noted poet Bhagwati Lal Vyas has been selected for 2015 Bihari Puraskar for his anthology of Rajasthani poems Katha Sun Aawe Hai Sabad, published in 2010.
  1427. Finance Ministry approved proposal of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh states for issuance of Ujjwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY) bonds. These states have 35% of all outstanding loans of State electricity distribution utilities in India. These bonds will allow state governments to take over 75 % of power distribution companies (DISCOMs) debt and pay lenders by issuing bonds.
  1428. Delhis Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) won 3 international awards for 2015 by Airports Council International (ACI) with score of 4.96 / 5. Awards are - Number one airport for consecutive second year in 25 to 40 Million Passengers Per Annum (MPPA) category, Best airport by size & region Asia Pacific and Second best airport by region (Asia Pacific).
  1429. Former New Zealand cricket captain Martin Crowe passed away.
  1430. Cabinet Committee on Security approved purchasing 2 Phalcon Airborne Warning and Control Systems (AWACS), surveillance aircrafts from Israel, at cost of 7,500 crores.
  1431. Parliament passed Carriage by Air (Amendment) Bill 2015 to amend Carriage by Air Act 1972 to empower Union government to revise limits of liability for airlines and compensation as per Montreal Convention that India accepted in 2009. Now Bill will go for Presidential assent as per Article 111 of Constitution.
  1432. Mrugank Paranjape is appointed as managing director (MD) and chief executive officer (CEO) of Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX).
  1433. Mumbai under-23 team won Col CK Nayudu cricket Trophy 2015-16 by defeating Madhya Pradesh.
  1434. Mumbai won Ranji Cricket Trophy for 41st time, beating saurashtra.
  1435. South Korea passed its first anti-terror bill that was first proposed 15 years ago in 2001 after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in US.
  1436. Forbes 30th annual billionaires list 2016 -
    1. Microsoft Co-founder Bill Gates remains worlds richest person for 17th time in last 23 years, with a net worth of $75 billion.
    2. Total billionaires in world are 1810 (190 are women) with their net worth of $6.48 trillion.
    3. USA leads with 540 billionaires, followed by China (251), Germany (120) and India (84).
    4. Top 5 - Bill Gates ($75 billion), Amancio Ortega ($67 billion), Warren Buffett ($60.8 billion), Carlos Slim Helu ($50 billion), Jeff Bezos ($45.2 billion).
    5. Youngest billionaire - 19 year old Norwegain Alexandra Andresen (1.76 Billion USD).
    6. India - Mukesh Ambani (38th ranks with $20.6 billion), Dilip Shanghvi (44th), Azim Premji (55th).
  1437. Global Energy Architecture Performance Index (GEAPI) Report by World Economic Forum (WEF) -
    1. India ranked at 90th out of 126 countries on the basis of their ability to deliver secure, affordable and sustainable energy.
    2. Top 10 countries - Switzerland (1st), Norway (2nd), Sweden (3rd), France (4th), Denmark (5th), Austria (6th), Spain (7th), Colombia (8th), New Zealand (9th) and Uruguay (10th).
    3. Among BRICS - Brazil (25th), Russia (52nd), India (90th) and China (94th).
  1438. 3rd MARCH - World Wildlife Day. 2016 theme is The future of wildlife is in our hands.
  1439. United Nations Security Council adopted toughest sanctions ever imposed on North Korea in response to its fourth nuclear test and rocket launch.
  1440. Delhi became first state to launch Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine as a public health programme for school children.
  1441. Indian-American investor Sunil Sabharwal took charge as Alternate Executive Director at International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  1442. Indian shooter Jitu Rai won Gold in 50m Pistol Men final event at International Shooting Sports Federation (ISSF) World Cup held in Bangkok (Thialand).
  1443. World's most expensive train station opened at 9/11 site in New York (United States), named as World Trade Center Transportation Hub. It was constructed at cost of 3.85 billion USD and designed by the Spanish-Swiss architect Santiago Calatrava.
  1444. Former Lok Sabha Speaker Purno Agitok Sangma passed away.
  1445. International Hockey Federation promoted Hockey India national-level umpire Nepoleon Singh as International Outdoor Umpire.
  1446. India's noted film archivist and scholar Paramesh Krishnan Nair passed away.
  1447. Traditional festival of Chapchar Kut of Mizos celebrated across north-eastern state of Mizoram. This spring festival celebrated every year in March after Jhum (shifting agriculture by clearing jungle by burning and cultivating in remnants of burning).
  1448. Noted Actor Manoj Kumar selected for 47th Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2015.
  1449. First Raisina-Dialogue 2016, a flagship conference on Geopolitics and Geo-economics Held in New Delhi. It is joint initiative of Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and Observer Research Foundation (ORF) with theme - Asia: Regional and Global Connectivity.
  1450. PM Narendra Modi selected Nagepur village in Varanasi Constituency (Uttar Pradesh) under Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY).
  1451. State Bank of India has been granted approval to operate in Myanmar by Myanmar Government along with three other Asian banks - Bank for Investment and Development of Vietnam, Sun Commercial Bank of Taiwan and Shinhan Bank of South Korea.
  1452. Noted Malayalam actor Kalabhavan Mani passed away.
  1453. Patna Pirates won 3rd season of Star Sports Pro Kabaddi League (PKL) by defeating U Mumba.
  1454. India won 2016 Asia Cup T20 Cricket trophy for 6th time after beating Bangladesh. Man of the series - Sabbir Rahman (Bangladesh). Most runs - Sabbir Rahman (176) Bangladesh. Most wickets - Al-Amin Hossain (11) (Bangladesh).
  1455. Researchers discovered new species of burrowing snake named Melanophidium Khairei or Khaires Black Shieldtail in Northwestern Ghats.
  1456. India filed complaint against United States in World Trade Organisation, accusing USA of high fees on L-1 and H-1B categories of temporary working visas. As per India, It would impact Indian IT professionals as it makes Indian IT companies less competitive in that market.
  1457. President Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated National conference on ‘Women Legislators: Building Resurgent India in New Delhi.
  1458. Mar 4 - National Safety Day/ Week Campaign in India. 2016 theme is Strengthen Safety Movement to Achieve Zero Harm.
  1459. Dogri poetess and writer Padma Sachdev is awarded by Krutitava Smagra Samman 2015.
  1460. Internet pioneer and e-mail inventor Raymond Tomlinson passed away. He Picked @ symbol for Email addresses.
  1461. Jalandhar based Capital Local Area Bank (CLAB) Limited became first entity in India to get Small Financial Bank Licence by Reserve Bank of India (RBI). CLAB ltd has 44 branches in 5 districts of Punjab. It will start opearting on April 13, 2016.
    1. Small finance banks will undertake basic banking activities of acceptance of deposits and lending to underserved people to promote financial inclusion.
    2. Difference in Payment Banks and Small Finance Banks -
      Title Small Finance BankPayments Bank
      EligibilityProfessionals with 10 years in financial services or promoter group with 5 year track recordCard Issuers, Finance Companies, Business Correspondents, Telecom Companies, Retailers etc.
      Capital RequirementRs. 100 Crore Equity CapitalRs. 100 Crore Equity Capital
      Scope of ActivityProviding basic banking facilities to poor and small businessmen Accept Deposits, Issue Debit Cards, Remittance services. Can not issue credit cards and can not give Loans
      Promoter ContributionPromoters initial contribution should be 40% lowered to 26% in 12 yearsPromoters should retain a 40% stake for first five years.
  1462. Amrita Patel conferred with prestigious 2016 Mahindra Samriddhi India Agri Lifetime Achievement Award also known as Krishi Shiromani Samman.
  1463. Russian Tennis player Maria Sharapova provisionally suspended after failed drugs test at Australian Open.
  1464. Indian Railways has formed a new Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) to implement Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Bullet Train project. Entity is named as National High Speed Rail Corporation (NHSRC) Limited.
  1465. Telangana and Maharashtra Governments have signed Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) to set up an inter-state water board construct 5 barrages across Godavari and Pen Ganga rivers.
  1466. Air India successfully flew Worlds longest all-woman operated flight from New Delhi to San Francisco (United States). Flight was operated as part of International Women's Day celebrations and travelled a distance of around 14,500 kilometres in 17 hours.
  1467. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) released Four-colour Classification Scheme for industries based on their pollution potential. Based on Range of Pollution Index‘, industrial sectors are categorised into 4 colours category -
    1. Red - Severe Pollution with PI score of 60 and above. These include sugar, thermal power plants, paints are under in it.
    2. Orange - High Pollution with PI score of 41 - 59. Includes 83 industries like coal, washeries and automobile servicing.
    3. Green - Low Pollution with PI score of 21 - 40. Includes 63 industries in it.
    4. White - Less Polution with PI score under 20. They are 30 non-polluting industries.
  1468. Germany will help developing Kochi (Kerala), Bhubaneswar (Odisha) and Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) as smart cities.
  1469. Indian scientists claimed to have developed herbal medicine against mosquito borne dengue fever using alcoholic extract of Cissampelos pariera Linn (Cipa extract) derived from velvetleaf, a species of flowering plant.
  1470. Armaan Ebrahim won 2015 FMSCI Motorsports Man of the Year Trophy by Federation of Motor Sports Clubs of India.
  1471. PM Narendra Modi constituted a task force under Rajiv Kumar (Additional Secretary in Department of Personnel and Training) to rationalise central government staff and ensure their maximum optimisation.
  1472. Indian author Jerry Pinto won 2016 Windham-Campbell Prize for his novel Em and The Big Hoom in fiction category at Yale University (USA).
  1473. Government announced to digitally connect all 1,29,323 gramin dak sewak post offices in rural areas across country by March 2017.
  1474. Book Fixed! Cash and Corruption in Cricket, authored by Journalist Shantanu Guha Ray has been launched.
  1475. India's first 75-seater solar powered ferry will come up in tourism spot of Kerala Allepey (the Venice of the East).
  1476. India's first self cleaning smart toilets (Around 180) have been installed in Chennai (Tamil Nadu).
  1477. United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have launched Blue Dot hubs to boost protection for children and families on move across Europe.
  1478. PepsiCo became BCCI's official associate sponsor for all international matches in India for 4 years.
  1479. Basant Bahadur Singh Rana won gold in mens 50km race walk event in 3rd edition of National Race Walking Championships in Jaipur.
  1480. Zee Media will acquire 80 % stake in India Today group's loss-making e-commerce and TV entities - Today Merchandise and Today Retail Network Pvt Ltd for 166 crores.
  1481. NASA Invited India to jointly explore Mars and send Indian Astranauts to Mars in Joint Mission. Director of Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA, Charles Elachi said that India and US could jointly explore Mars.
  1482. South Asian Public Affairs Council (SAPAC) in Australia honored Actor Randeep Hooda with achievement award for making his mark in film industry.
  1483. Japanese government stipulated long-term goal of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 80 % by 2050.
  1484. Small Industries Development Bank of India (Sidbi) will be raising 10000 crores for 'Stand Up India Fund' from RBI, which will be disbursed to Dalit and women entrepreneurs.
  1485. India issued an order to USA for buying 15 CH-47 Chinook and 21 AH-64 Apache Helicopters worth Rs 22,000 crores.
  1486. Aditya Birla Group's UltraTech acquired JP Groups cement plants for Rs 16,500 crores.
  1487. Indian Leading IT Services Provider Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is recognized as Global Top Employer by Top Employers Institute. The assessment was done among 1,072 companies worldwide across 9 core HR areas.
  1488. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) revised norms on capital recognition, making available an additional Rs.40,000 crore to Indian banks. It is big relief for public sector banks as they are facing low profitability issues due to rise in Non Performing assets.
  1489. NASA's Expedition 46 Commander Scott Kelly and his Russian counterpart Mikhail Kornienko returned to Earth After historic 340-day stay at International Space Station.
  1490. Noted American Actor George Kennedy passed away.
  1491. NHAI (National Highways Authority of India) tied up with Indian School of Business (ISB) Hyderabad as a significant step in ensuring development of management competencies of manpower.
  1492. Transport Ministry cancelled a contract with IRB Infrastructure to build a $1.5 billion (10500 Crore) Tunnel of Length 14.8 KM (Zoji La Pass) in Jammu and Kashmir.
  1493. e-Commerce company Flipkart launched its own advertisement platform in name Brand Story Ads with over 50 leading brands on board. Noted Brands like Yes Bank, LOreal, Micromax, Intel, Gillette, Datsun and Sony have signed up with Flipkart to launch their ads campaigns on the platform.
  1494. Noted American singer Stevie Wonder honoured with Global Green Hero award at 13th Annual Global Green USA Pre Oscar party.
  1495. Memorandum of Understanding signed between Indian Army and Induslnd Bank on Defence Salary package.
  1496. Advertising Club Madras conferred its 1st Distinguished Service Award on Srinivasan K Swamy, CMD OF R K Swamy BBDO for contribution to advertising industry.
  1497. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) CEO Natarajan Chandrasekaran is appointed as non-official directors to board of Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  1498. Election Commission announced schedule for Assembly polls in West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Assam and for UT of Puducherry. In Assam and West Bengal, elections will be held in April while In Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Kerala, elections will be held on May 16. Results will be out on May 19.
  1499. TRA Brand Trust Report, India Study 2016 -
    1. Amazon is India's most trusted online shopping brand followed Snapdeal and Flipkart.
    2. Ebay, Myntra, Yepme, Jabong, Naaptol, Shopclues and Askmebazaar in top 10 online brands.
  1500. Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gases laid foundation stone of Country's 1st its of kind Octomax unit at Mathura refinery. It will help in production of high octane gasoline.
  1501. France awarded Legion dHonneur, Frances highest honour to visiting Saudi crown prince Mohammed bin Nayef.
  1502. US and South Korean began their largest ever military exercises. These bilateral exercises come just after UN passed sanctions against North Korea following its recent nuclear test and rocket launch. 8-week long drills will involve 300000 South Korean and 15000 US personnel.
  1503. Japanese investment bank SoftBank Group has announced to separate its profitable domestic mobile business from its international business. Both subsidiaries will be completely owned by SoftBank.
  1504. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley announced to withdraw proposal to tax Employee Provident Fund (EPF) withdrawals. As per Union Budget 2016-17, 60 % of amount deposited in EPF account of the employee would be taxable at time of withdrawal, and 40 % would be tax free.
  1505. Global rating agency Fitch predicted India's growth forecast at 7.5 % for 2015-2016 and also sees higher growth around 7.7 % & 7.9 % over next 2 years.
  1506. India's largest selling car, Maruti Alto crossed lifetime sale milestone of 30 Lakh Units in 15 years. It is only Indian auto brand to cross this milestone.
  1507. As per new Restrictions imposed by Railways, An unreserved train ticket for travelling up to 199 km distance will no longer be valid after 3 hours of purchase of the ticket. So journey has to be started within 3 hours in case of Unreserved tickets for distances up to 199 km.
  1508. Ratings agency Moody's cut its outlook for China from stable to negative, based on expectations that fiscal strength of China would be sliding down and negative outlook comes on heels of fresh data suggesting economy of China is continuing to lose steam.
  1509. Australian golfer Adam Scott won 2016 WGC-Cadillac Championship at Florida (USA).
  1510. Sirshendu De of IIT Kharagpur selected for Innovation Award 2016 by Indian Desalination Association (IDA) South Zone for developing ultra low-cost eco-friendly laterite based arsenic water filter.
  1511. Government provided loan of 1000 crore rupees to Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore (FACT) Limited, to be repaid within 5 years.
  1512. Sri Lankan Cricket Board constituted new National Cricket Selection Panel headed by Arvinda de Silva.
  1513. Reserve Bank of India released Non-Banking Financial Company - Account Aggregator Directions, 2016
    1. Net Owned Fund should not be less than 2 crore rupees.
    2. An account aggregator will not be able to undertake any other business other than account aggregation.
    3. Initially, only financial assets whose records are stored electronically and under regulation of financial sector regulators like RBI, SEBI, IRDA, and PFRDA shall be considered for aggregation.
    4. No financial asset related customer information pulled out account aggregator from financial service providers.
    5. An account aggregator will not support transactions in financial assets.
    6. About Account Aggregator -
      1. At present, persons holding financial assets such as savings bank deposits, mutual funds, insurance policies etc do not get a consolidated view of their financial asset holdings. Account aggregator collects and provides information of customers financial assets in a consolidated and organised manner to customer.
  1514. Book Who was Shivaji? authored by Govind Pansare launched.
  1515. Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman honoured with Association for Computing Machinery's 2015 A.M. Turing Award.
  1516. Rajya Sabha passed Bureau of Indian Standards Bill, 2015 that will replace Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986.
    1. It extends ambit of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) to include services, processes and products while ensuring production of world class goods.
    2. It also proposes to make BIS a national standards body, introduce mandatory hallmarking of precious metals, prevent misuse of standard marks and provides for recall of ISI marked products not conforming to relevant standards.
    3. Earlier, the Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 3 December 2015.
  1517. As per research of Lancet journal of Oxford Martin Future of Food Programme -
    1. Climate change will result in over 5 Lakh adult deaths by 2050 worldwide due to changes in diets and bodyweight from reduced crop productivity.
    2. China will see more deaths than any other country with 251 deaths per one million population. India is ranked 7 overall with deaths of 105 per million.
  1518. International Labour Organization (ILO) released report Women at Work: Trends 2016 as a picture of womens position in labour markets
    1. Report says that gender equality in workplace remains questionable.
    2. Between 1995 and 2015, global female labour force participation decreased from 52.4 to 49.6 % while that for men decreaed from 79.9 to 76.1 %.
    3. Women are more likely to be unemployed than men, with global unemployment rates of 5.5 % for men and 6.2 % for women.
    4. Since 1995, women’s employment in services has increased from 41.1 to 61.5 %.
    5. Gender wage gap is 23 %, it means that women earn 77 % of what men earn.
    6. 65 % of people above retirement age without any regular pension are women.
  1519. 08 March - International Womens Day. Theme is Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality. The campaign theme for the day is #PledgeForParity. NITI Aayog launched Women Transforming India initiative in partnership with UN.
  1520. Indian men's and women's team won gold at Second Division of World Team Table Tennis Championship held in Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).
  1521. Combat operation of Meghalaya police, Hillstorm 3 launched in Garo Hills and West Khasi Hills districts against GNLA (Garo National Liberation Army) militants.
  1522. Indian Railways appointed Ernst & Young (EY) as consultant to analyze advertising potential in trains and railway stations.
  1523. Madhya Pradesh government announced inclusion of widow marriage under MP's Mukhyamantri Kanya Vivah Yojana.
  1524. Mahindra & Mahindra Group CMD Anand G Mahindra conferred with Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour) by France.
  1525. ICICI Bank launched iWork@Home programme for its women employees to enable them to work from home. By using the platform, employees can carry out multiple daily banking tasks from home.
  1526. Karnataka Government launched Mukhyamantri Santwana Harish Yojana to provide free treatment to road accident victims for first 48 hours in nearest hospital.
  1527. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) jointly launched Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage.
  1528. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) approved 2.3 million euro initiative to help Latin American and Caribbean countries fight against Zika virus. IAEA will transfer Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) as a pest control that uses ionizing radiation to sterilize male insects mass-produced in special rearing facilities.
  1529. Ministry of Women & Child Development gave Nari Shakti Puraskar 2015 to 15 women, 5 organisations, one state and panchayat on occasion of International Women's Day.
    1. Haryana awarded for improving Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) in 2015.
    2. Anganwadipuram Gram Panchayat in Mallapuram of Kerala awarded for work for women empowerment. 
    3. Rani Lakshmibai Award (Nari Shakti Puraskar 2015) also given to Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) for its work under KIRAN-IPR for women empowerment in R&D through Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) training.
  1530. Saudi Arab Foreign Minister Adel bin Ahmed Al-Jubeir visited India.
  1531. 57 countries will take part in first Maritime India Summit 2016 to be held in April 2016 in Mumbai (Maharashtra).
  1532. India will host BRICS Friendship Cities Conclave in Mumbai (Maharashtra) in April 2016.
  1533. Iran test-fired several ballistic missiles and breached United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions that compel it to refrain from any work on ballistic missiles for 8 years.
  1534. Sun Pharma appointed Cricketer MS Dhoni as Brand ambassador for its top selling health supplement Revital H.
  1535. NTPC won Research Investor Communication Award among Large Corporates n an independent poll of over 3000 Fund Managers/Analysts/Non Institutional Investors.
  1536. Digital payments platform FreeCharge partnered with Mexico-based chain of movie theatres, Cinepolis to provide its customers an easy way of making payments.
  1537. 108 feet tall idol of Lord Rishabhdeva, the first Teerthankar of Jains, carved out of a single rock, has entered Guinness World Records as worlds tallest Jain statue. It is located on Mangi Tungi mountain near Teharabad village of North Maharashtra district (Maharashtra).
  1538. 10 MARCH - World Kidney Day (Second Thursday of March). Theme for 2016 is Kidney Disease & Children. Act Early to Prevent It!.
  1539. Tezpur University won annual Visitor’s Award for ‘Best University’ and Prof. Rakesh Bhatnagar and Molecular Parasitology Group of JNU won Visitor’s Awards for ‘Research’ and ‘Innovation’.
  1540. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launhed Sixth of Seven Satellites of India's navigation satellite system IRNSS-1F (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System). Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C32 carrying 1,425kg satellite lifted off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
  1541. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana - Scheme for Providing Free LPG connections to Women from BPL Households at cost of 8000 crores. Undet this, five crore LPG connections will be provided to BPL households with financial support of 1600 for each LPG connection.
  1542. Lok Sabha passed Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Bill 2016 to make amendments to Enemy Property Act, 1968.
  1543. Noted Brazil musician Nana Vasconcelos passed away.
  1544. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Bank of Israel (BOI) for exchange of information pertaining to banking supervision.
  1545. Fourth India-Indonesia Joint Training Exercise Garuda Shakti held in Indonesia.
  1546. India became 56th nation to sign Raptor MoU, Memorandum of Understanding on conservation of birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia.
  1547. Parliament passed National Waterways Bill 2015 for conversion of 106 rivers and creeks across India into national transport waterways.
  1548. Rest of India won Irani Cup Cricket 2015-16 by defeating Mumbai.
  1549. India signed second line of credit (LOC) agreement for providing 2 billion dollars in development financing to Bangladesh for various development projects. It will be provided through Export Import Bank of India.
  1550. Government approved MoU with United Arab Emirates (UAE) on Technical Cooperation in Combating Cyber-Crime.
  1551. Government approved signing of Bay of Bengal Initiative on Multi Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.
  1552. Rajya Sabha passed Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill 2015 to protect interests of consumers and enhance growth of construction sector -
    1. Establishes state level regulatory authorities called Real Estate Regulatory Authorities (RERAs) and tribunals called Real Estate Appellate Tribunals (REAT) to settle disputes.
    2. 70% of the amount collected from buyers must be maintained in a separate bank (escrow) account and must only be used for construction of that project.
    3. Real estate contributes nine per cent to the national GDP.
  1553. Government appointed Balbir Singh Chauhan as Chairman of 21st Law Commission of India (LCI).
  1554. Egyptian Ahmed Abul Gheit has been selected as Secretary General of Arab League. Arab League also declared Lebanese movement Hezbollah, a Shia political organisation as a terrorist group.
  1555. Japanese researchers successfully isolated a bacterium species Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 that is capable of breaking down plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or polyester.
  1556. India and USA launched Fulbright – Kalam Climate Fellowship , enabling Indian research scholars to work with American institutions in field of climate change. It will sponsor up to 6 Indian post-doctoral researchers to work in US for 1 year.
  1557. N P S Hira is appointed as Deputy Chief of Indian Army.
  1558. International Monetary Fund Chief Christine Lagrade visited India to participate in MOF - IMF Meet in Delhi with Theme Advancing Asia: Investing for the Future. She announced that IMF and India will jointly set-up South Asia Regional Training and Technical Assistance Center in Delhi.
  1559. Lok Sabha passed Aadhaar (Target Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill 2016 as a Money Bill for giving statutory backing for transferring government subsidies and benefits to targeted people by assigning them Aadhaar unique identity numbers.
    1. Under Aadhaar scheme, Biometric data of 99 crore Indians have been collected so far and kept in encrypted and secure form.
  1560. Power Ministry gave named UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All) for LED based Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP). DELP programme was launched in January 2015 for energy conservation by replacing 77 crore incandescent lamps with LED bulbs.
  1561. National Special Olympic for special children organized in Shimla (Himachal Pradesh). winners will participate in world winter games in Austria from 14th to 25th March, 2016.
  1562. Book The Culture Heritage of Trans Himalayas-Kinnaur has been written by P.S. Nagi Loktus.
  1563. A new frog species that lives in clean mountain brooks and produces a special sound during mating season has been found in southwest Chinas Yunnan Province, named Leptolalax tengchongensis (Asian litter frog).
  1564. Government announced that in 2014-2015, 116 Public Sector Enterprises (PSUs) spent Rs 2448 Crores on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities.
  1565. Five healthcare ATMs opened in four states - MP, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. These ATMs would tide over shortage of doctors will also save from the risk of pilferage in free drugs programmes.
  1566. Government will announcd a policy to give incentives including interest discount of 0.25 % for increasing capacity of Wind mills of up to 1MW. Most of wind-turbines installed are of capacity below 500 kW and at sites with high wind energy potential. It will increase in wind energy capacity by 3000 MW.
  1567. Yes Bank launched an all-women operated bank branch Yes Grace aimed at offering customised banking solutions to women.
  1568. Sudhakar Rao will be new Chairman and Public Interest Director of BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange).
  1569. Noted music producer George Henry Martin (UK) passed away.
  1570. Actress Sonakshi Sinha become a Guinness World Records title-holder as she along with several other women participated in an initiative to set a record for most people painting their fingernails simultaneously.
  1571. Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) entered into 4 year partnership with Hyundai Motors as an associate sponsor for all international matches at home.
  1572. Noted actress Kangana Ranaut is chosen as brand ambassador of Reebok India.
  1573. NALCO's Chief Tapan Kumar is appointed as chief of Aluminium Association of India.
  1574. India will launch 25 foreign satellites of seven countries in 2016-17, most of USA (12). So far, 57 foreign satellites from 21 countries have been launched using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
  1575. Project Mausam of Ministry of Culture is implemented by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) for exploring Indian Ocean world collating archaeological and historical research. It documents diversity of Indian Ocean from East Africa to Southeast Asian archipelago.
  1576. ICICI Bank launched a credit-linked subsidy scheme for home loans under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY). Under this, eligible customers will get subsidy at 6.5 % per annum on Rs 6 lakh or loan amount, whichever is lower, for upto 15 years.
  1577. Gujarat topped list of 21 states with most investment potential, as per report by NCAER. Gujarat is followed by Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
  1578. Jean Arnault (France) is appointed as head of United National Political Mission in Columbia.
  1579. Railways Firm RITES Lmited signed contract to supply 18 Meter Gauge 1350 HP Diesel Electric Locomotives to Myanmar Railways, to help Myanmar meet increasing demand for traffic.
  1580. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu launched Clean My Coach service to allow travelers to get their compartments cleaned by sending SMS or using app / website.
  1581. Ajit Singh was sworn in as Chief Justice (CJ) of the Gauhati High Court.
  1582. Kerala Tourism's campaign New Worlds won Golden City Gate Award at Internationale Tourismus-Borse Berlin (ITB-Berlin) 2016.
  1583. Services won 70th Santosh Trophy Football Championships 2016 by defeating hosts Maharashtra.
  1584. Palestinian teacher Hanan Al Hroub has been awarded with one million dollar 2016 Global Teacher Prize for her outstanding contribution to the profession. Finalists also included Indias Robin Chaurasiya who runs a not-for-profit school in Mumbai for girls from.
  1585. 2016 All England Super Series Badminton Championships -
    1. Men's Singles - Lin Dan (China) won by defeating Tian Houwei (China)
    2. Womens singles - Nozomi Okuhara (Japan) won by defeating Wang Shixian (China)
    3. Mens Doubles - Russian pair Vladimir Ivanov and Ivan Sozonov won by defeating Japanese pair Hiroyuki Endo and Kenichi Hayakawa.
    4. Womens Doubles - Japanese pair Misaki Matsutomo and Ayaka Takahashi won by defeating Chinese pair Tang Yuanting and Yu Yang
    5. Mixed Doubles - Indonesian Praveen Jordan and Debby Susanto defeated Denmark's Joachim Fischer Nielsen and Christinna Pedersen
  1586. China announced to set up its own International Maritime Judicial Centre (IMJC) to handle territorial disputes and protect its sea rights.
  1587. Noted American mathematician and Nobel Prize-winner Lloyd Stowell Shapley passed away.
  1588. Noted British author and art historian Anita Brookner passed away. She won Man Booker Prize in 1984 for her novel Hotel du Lac and was bestselling author with around 25 books.
  1589. Noted Indian scholar and plant physiologist H Deep Saini appointed as Vice Chancellor of University of Canberra, Australia.
  1590. Mother Teresa, a Roman Catholic religious sister and missionary will be elevated to Sainthood (will be made a saint of Roman Catholic Church) on September 4, 2016.
    1. As per rules, being recognized as beatification (blessed) requires one miracle while Canonization (sainthood) requires two miracles.
    2. For Mother Teresa, she was beatified in 2003 by then late Pope John Paul. Now, Pope Francis has approved recognising a second miracle for Mother Teresas intercession with God that involved healing of a man who was suffering from a deadly brain disease.
  1591. Htin Kyaw is elected as first civilian (non-military) President of Myanmar after 53 years of military rule.
  1592. An unmanned spacecraft ExoMars 2016 launched jointly by Europe and Russia to search for biosignatures on Mars. It was launched on a Proton-M rocket. ExoMars 2016 is first of a two-phase of ExoMars (Exobiology on Mars) program.
  1593. Government announced that out of 96,000 animal species found in India, more than 50 animals have been assessed as critically endangered (CR) and 310 as endangered (EN).
  1594. Government notified maximum sale price (MSP) of Bt cotton seed for 2016-17. As per notification, Price of BG-I version of Bt cotton hybrid is set at 635 rupees while Price of BG-II version is fixed at 800 rupees.
  1595. Power generation unit 1 of Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (Gujarat) shut down after leakage of heavy water.
  1596. India announced to become first nation to formally adopt United Nations (UN) agenda for the worlds sustainable development and 17 goals identified for its implementation, during 11th National Convention on Sustainable Development Goal (NCSDG) organized by Global Compact Network in Mumbai.
  1597. Indigenously developedsurface-to-surface ballistic missile Agni-I successfully test-fired.Designed to carry both conventional and nuclear payload of about 1000 kg. Speed and Range: It can travel at a speed of 2.5 km/s with range upto 1250 kms.
  1598. Sri Lankan Parliament adopted a resolution to convert itself into a Constitutional Assembly.
  1599. Google DeepMind's Go-playing Artificial Intelligence AlphaGo defeated South Korea's top player Lee Se-dol.
  1600. EIUs Worldwide Cost of Living survey -
    1. Singapore remains worlds most expensive city for third year in a row, top 5 costliest cities are -
      1. Singapore
      2. Zurich (Switzerland)
      3. Hong Kong
      4. Geneva (Switzerland)
      5. Paris (France)
    2. Top 5 cheapest cities - Lusaka (Zambia), Bangalore (India), Mumbai (India), Almaty (Kazakhstan) and Algiers (Algeria)
  1601. Guinness World Records confirmed Mr Israel Kristal of Israel as worlds Oldest living man at age of 112 years.
  1602. Government approved amending Sikh Gurdwaras Act 1925 to remove exception given to Sehajdhari Sikhs in 1944 to vote in elections for selecting members of board and the committees constituted under the Act.
  1603. India's GDP will grow by 7.9 % in 2016-17, as predicted by credit rating agency CRISIL.
  1604. Ride sharing service provider Uber opened its first Asian engineering center in Bengaluru highlighting focus on India to solve challenges of Uber users in India.
  1605. Dakshina Kannada Zilla Panchayat (Karnataka) conducted a honey festival in Mangaluru.
  1606. 13th meeting of Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development held in Dubai (United Arab Emirates).
  1607. 4th World Congress of Biosphere Reserves held at Lima (Peru). Aim is to address different issues related to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Post 2015 Development Agenda. My Biosphere, My Future campaign of UNESCO was launched on this occasion.
  1608. Noted British musician (Rock) Keith Emerson passed away.
  1609. ICICI Bank tied up with sports car maker Ferrari to launch co-branded credit card.
  1610. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) launched free 4G Wifi services at Srinagar international airport (J & K).
  1611. Indian boxer Vijender Singh won his fourth successive knockout win in professional boxing circuit, beating Hungarys Alexander Horvath in under three rounds in Liverpool.
  1612. India Post selected Deloitte as consultant for setting up a payments bank. Public Investment Board has approved 800-crore proposal of India Post for the setting up a payment bank.
  1613. YES Bank signed Memorandum of Understanding with India Brazil Chamber of Commerce (IBCC) for cooperation in knowledge partnerships, B2B opportunitiesa and technology initiatives.
  1614. Anil Wadhwa appointed Ambassador of India to Republic of San Marino.
  1615. Indian Air Force's Exercise - Iron Fist 2016 held in Pokhran (Rajasthan). It is a biennial event that showcases firepower capacity of Indian Air Force.
  1616. India Signed USD 35 Million Loan Agreement with World Bank for Madhya Pradesh Citizen Access to Responsive Services Project.
  1617. Global Bamboo Summit 2016 to be held in India in April 2016 at Indore (Madhya Pradesh).
  1618. Anirudh Singh Yadav appointed as chairman of Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC).
  1619. Government imposed anti-dumping duty of up to 44.7 % on import of plastic-processing machines from Chinese Taipei, Malaysia, Philippines and Vietnam for five years.
  1620. United Nations suspended Russian tennis player Maria Sharapova as Goodwill Ambassador after she was tested positive on doping allegations.
  1621. ICICI Bank launched contactless mobile payment solution iTA, Touch & Pay based on Near Field Communication (NFC) technology. It will enable ICICI customers to make payments by waving their smartphones near an NFC-enabled merchant terminal, by leveraging Host Card Emulation technique.
  1622. Haryanas New Secretariat Building in Chandigarh has become first building in the country to have an early Earthquake Warning and Security system (onsite).
  1623. 31st edition of largest fair on Food and Hospitality Sector in India, AAHAR 2016 held in New Delhi.
  1624. Lok Sabha passed Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order (Amendment) Bill 2016 to amend list of Scheduled Castes (SC) from 4 states -
    1. Chhattisgarh - Inclusion of Sais, Sahis, Sarathi, Soot-Sarathi, Thanwar communities
    2. Haryana - Inclusion of Aheria, Aheri, Hari, Heri, Thori, Turi and Rai Sikh communities
    3. Kerala - Inclusion of Peruvannan community.
    4. Exclusion of Bariki and Kummari communities.
  1625. India Aviation 2016, an international exhibition and conference on civil aviation held in Hyderabad (Telangana).
  1626. 4-day World Sufi Forum meeting held in Delhi. It is organized by All India Ulama and Mashaikh Board (AIUMB).
  1627. Time Magazine 2016 list of 30 most influential people on internet -
    1. Top 5 are - Kanye West (US), Joy Cho (South Korea), James Corden (UK), Laci Green (US), Josh Holz and Daniel Lara (US)
    2. Indian PM Narendra Modi ranked at 15th Place.
  1628. 4th United Nations World Happiness Index (WHI) 2016 (published by Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN))-
    1. Top 10 - Denmark, Switzerland, Iceland, Norway and Finland, Canada, Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia and Sweden
    2. Last 10 - Rwanda (152nd), Benin (153rd), Afghanistan (154th), Togo (155th), Syria (156th) and Burundi (157th).
    3. India ranked at 118th place, Nepal (78th), China (83rd), and Pakistan (104th).
    4. BRICS - Brazil (17th), Russia (56th), China (83rd), South Africa (116th) and India (118th).
  1629. Bangladesh Government appointed Fazle Kabir as new Governor of Bangladesh's central bank.
  1630. 15 March - World Consumer Rights Day. 2016 Theme is Antibiotics off the menu.
  1631. SAARC ministerial meet Held in Nepal, Attended by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj on India's Behalf.
  1632. USA President Barack Obama nominated Merrick Garland to be next US Supreme Court Justice.
  1633. Eminent Shehnai expert Ustad Ali Ahmad Hussain Khan passed away.
  1634. British mathematician Andrew Wiles won prestigious 2016 Abel Prize. He was selected by Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters for solving a centuries old hypothesis (equation), Fermats Last Theorem.
  1635. Goa government classified Feni, country liquor as heritage spirit of the state. It is a distilled brew made from coconut or cashew fruits. It was accorded Geographical indication (GI) tag in 2000.
  1636. Punjab Government notified swine flu (H1N1) under Epidemic Disease Act to prevent spread of disease in Punjab.
  1637. Food and public Distribution Minister Ram Vilas Paswan launched Depot Online System of Food Corporation of India (FCI) to bring transparency and minimise storage losses of foodgrains.
  1638. British astronomers discovered largest sample cluster of 9 monster stars named as R136 using NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope.
  1639. India's Meteorology Department deployed indigenously developed Drishti, an instrument that will provide real time visibility information to pilots.
  1640. Art of Living's World Culture Festival organised at Yamuna Flood Plains, New Delhi from March 11 to 13, 2016. Art of Living is founded by Spiritual Leader Sri Sri Ravishankar.
  1641. Uttar Pradesh launched awareness campaign at school levels to create awareness about conservation of birds (Sparrows).
  1642. World’s first fully electric-powered double-decker bus launched in London (UK). It is built by Chinese manufactur BYD and will be able to travel 180 miles on a  single charge.
  1643. Suryassangyini Chaudhary become youngest girl to climb 16,300 feet high Mt. Kangchenjunga base camp in Sikkim, at age of 6 years.
  1644. India's Abdulqadir Rashik won first prize in UN #LinksSDGs Data Visualization Challenge. He is awarded for his submission Links to Sustainable Cities, an interactive visualization that identifies links between Sustainable Development Goal 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) and other 16 Goals.
  1645. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) appointed Ashley Judd as its Goodwill Ambassador.
  1646. First of two 600 MW power generation units at Singareni Thermal Power Plant (STPP) in Adilabad District (Telangana) has been synchronised.
  1647. Ministry of Tourism and Ecotourism Society of India (ESOI) signed Memorandum of Understanding to promote Sustainable tourism.
  1648. Jammu and Kashmir became 9th state to sign MOU with Government under UDAY (Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana), for financial turnaround of State's Power Distribution facilities.
  1649. This year, Reserve Bank of India and Other Government Banks are expected to pay Rs.69,897 crores dividend to Government. RBI will have approx 57000 Crores in this. It is lesser than last year in which government received 73,905 crores as dividends from government banks and RBI.
  1650. As per data by CB Insights, 14 Indian investors have been featured a list of top 100 venture capitalists in world.
  1651. India's largest telecom operator Bharti Airtel acquired Videocon Telecom for Rs 4,428 crores.
  1652. Noted UK Television magician Paul Daniels passed away.
  1653. Air Asia India appointed Amar Abrol as new CEO.
  1654. Hitachi-Omron Terminal Solutions has established a new company in Bengaluru as an ATM manufacturing company, to produce 1,500 units of ATMs per month.
  1655. Surat railway station is cleanest in country, followed by Rajkot and Bilaspur (Chhattisgarh), as per a survey by Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC).
  1656. India IT Major Tata Consultancy Services partnered for enhancing digital experience of participants in London Marathon.
  1657. Indian Railways signed agreement with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for using space technology for providing passenger information in all trains.
  1658. Government notified Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016 that includes increasing minimum thickness of plastic carry bags from 40 to 50 microns.
  1659. Government notified interest rates payable on small savings for Quarter April 1 - June 30, 2016 -
    1. Public Provident Fund - 8.1 % (Previously 8.7 %)
    2. Kisan Vikas Patra - 7.8 % (Previously 8.7 %)
    3. Five-Year National Savings Certificates - 8.1 % (previously 8.5 %)
    4. Five-year Monthly Income Account - 7.8 % (previously 8.4 %)
    5. Girl-child saving scheme, Sukanya Samriddhi Account - 8.6 % (previously 9.2 %)
    6. Senior citizen savings scheme - 8.6 % (previously 9.3)
  1660. Anil Kumar Singh Gayan, Minister of Health of Mauritius visited India.
  1661. Finance Minister Aurn Jaitley launched Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana and Unified Package Insurance Scheme. Revamped insurance scheme will be launched from April 1, 2016 to cover Kharif crops. Farmers' premium would be 2% for Kharif foodgrains and oilseeds crops and 1.5% for rabi crops.
  1662. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley launched NABARD Agri-Credit Monitoring portal, which will help financial institutions to monitor status of agricultural loans given to farmers. He also unveiled Roadmap of E-Shakti Expansion Programme of digitization of Self-Help Groups (SHGs).
  1663. Tenure of A P Shah Committee looking into dispute between ONGC and RIL regarding blocks in KG basin has been extended till 31st July, 2016.
  1664. 8th BRICS Summit will be hosted in Goa on 15-16 October 2016.
  1665. Lori Robinson appointed as head of US militarys Northern Command amd became first woman to head a US combatant command.
  1666. Indian Geetakshi Arora has been awarded First Noor Inayat Khan Prize for her excellent dissertation on Goddess Myths in Graphic Novels: Reimagining Indian Feminity.
  1667. S Sridhar is appointed as managing director of Pfizer India.
  1668. Tikka Shatrujit Singh is conferred with Knight of the Legion of Honour by French Government.
  1669. PM Narendra Modi conferred 2014-15 Krishi Karman Awards during Krishi Unnati Mela in Delhi -
    1. Individual Crops -
      1. Haryana, Assam - Rice
      2. Rajasthan - Wheat
      3. Chhattisgarh - Pulses
      4. West Bengal - Oil Seeds
    2. Total foodgrain production - 5 winning states were awarded in different categories. Each state was awarded a trophy, a citation and prize of 5 crore rupees. These states are -
      1. Madhya Pradesh - For production greater than 10 million tonnes
      2. Himachal Pradesh and Odisha - For production between 1 and 10 million tonnes
      3. Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya - For production less than 1 million tonnes
  1670. PM Narendra Modi launched Kisan Suvidha mobile application for farmers to provide agricultural relevant basic information quickly. It will provide basic information on market prices, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, weather and agriculture machinery etc.
  1671. Yogeshwar Dutt won Gold in Asian Olympic Qualification tournament at Astana (Kazakhstan). Hardeep Singh won Silver Medal.
  1672. 2016 Swiss Open Grand Prix Gold badminton tournament -
    1. Men's Singles - HS Prannoy (India)
    2. Womens Single - He Bingjiao (China)
    3. Mens Doubles - Kim Astrup and Anders Skaarup Rasmussen (Denmark)
    4. Womens Doubles - Shizuka Matsuo and Mami Naito (Japan)
  1673. Health and Family Welfare Ministry launched new anti-TB (Tuberculosis) drug Bedaquiline.
  1674. India's Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve included in World Network of Biosphere Reserves of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). It was included along with other 19 sites at International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere (ICCMAB) programme of UNESCO that concluded in Lima (Peru). India now has 10 of its 18 biosphere reserves listed as UNESOC's World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
  1675. Nepal has been made a dialogue partner of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a Beijing-based regional security grouping. SCO has 8 Members - China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan.
  1676. Government approved 2 development projects with Bangladesh. These projects are 100 MW power export via transmission lines between Surjamaninagar (Tripura) and South Comilla in Bangladesh and India’s 3rd Internet Gateway optical fibre connection between Cox Bazaar in Bangladesh and Agartala (Tripura).
  1677. India and France signed Memorandum of Understanding for construction of 6 nuclear reactors at Jaitapur nuclear park in Maharashtra.
  1678. Government approved Ashgabat Agreement, an international transport and transit corridor established in 2011. It establishes transport corridor between Central Asia and Persian Gulf countries with Uzbekistan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Oman and Kazakhstan as founding members.
  1679. Fast patrol vessel of Indian Coast Guard ICGS Arnvesh has been commissioned.
  1680. 10th edition of World Wide Fund for Natures (WWFs) Earth Hour observed across World.
  1681. Indian Navy for first deployed a P8I maritime reconnaissance aircraft to Seychelles for surveillance in Exclusive Economic Zone of Seychelles.
  1682. Noted fashion designer Ritu Beri is appointed as advisor to Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) for promotion of khadi in India and across world.
  1683. Nepal signed an agreement with China to build a strategic railway link between two countries through Tibet.
  1684. HL Dattu is appointed as member of International Coordinating Committee Bureau (ICCB) of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI-ICC) Bureau in Geneva (Switzerland).
  1685. International Cricket Council suspended Bangladesh bowlers Taskin Ahmed and Arafat Sunny illegal bowling action.
  1686. Agreement between European Union (EU) and Turkey to tackle migrant crisis came into effect. Under this agreement, migrants arriving in Greece will be sent back to Turkey if their asylum claim is rejected.
  1687. Urban Development, Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Parliamentary Affairs Minister M Venkaiah Naidu has been conferred with Skoch Lifetime Achievement Award during 43rd SKOCH summit in New Delhi.
  1688. 10th Asian film Awards (Macau, China)
    1. The Assassin won 8 awards in different categories. It is a 2015 martial arts film based on story of highly trained female assassin and is directed by Taiwanese director Hou Hsiao-Hsien.
    2. Best Film: The Assassin.
    3. Best Director: Hou Hsiao-Hsien (The Assassin)
    4. Best Actor: Lee Byung-hun (The Inside Men).
    5. Best Actress: Shu Qi (The Assassin).
    6. Best Supporting Actor: Tadanobu Asano (Journey to the Shore).
    7. Best Supporting Actress: Zhou Yun (The Assassin).
  1689. Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) notified new environment standards for Gensets running on various kinds of fuels including LPG, petrol and diesel in various cities, aiming to control air and noise pollution emanating from Gensets.
  1690. Permod Kohli is appointed as Chairman of Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT).
  1691. Scientists at Lucknow​ based Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP​) found that mint plant has medicinal values that can cure cancer.
  1692. Government approved implementation of rural housing scheme of Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin, for providing assistance for construction of pucca houses to all houseless in dilapidated houses.
    1. Expenditure involved is Rs.81975 crore in a 3 years (2016-17 to 2018-19) for one crore households for construction of pucca house. Delhi and Chandigarh are excluded from scheme.
    2. Cost of houses would be shared between Centre and States Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North Eastern and hilly states.
    3. Beneficiary will also be entitled to 90 days of unskilled labour from MGNREGA.
    4. Government will construct 2.95 crore houses in rural areas under its ambitious Housing for All by 2022 scheme.
    5. Assistance of 1.20 lakh to those in plain areas and 1.30 lakh to those in hilly and difficult areas.
  1693. Noted US actor Garry Shandling passed away.
  1694. Australian cricketer Shane Watson announced retirement from all forms of International Cricket after end ongoing ICC World Twenty20 2016.
  1695. Noted Dutch football player Johan Cruyff passed away.
  1696. 20 March - world sparrow day.
  1697. 20 March - International Day of Happiness. 2016 theme is Angry Birds Happy Planet.
  1698. Government approved MoU with United Arab Emirates to mobilise long-term investment in National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF).
  1699. Commerce and Industry Ministry approved foreign direct investment (FDI) upto 49% in insurance and pension sector.
  1700. India Post released commemorative stamp on Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL) in recognition of HAL's 75 years of service.
  1701. Kerala's noted Malayalam actor V D Rajappan passed away.
  1702. Thailand government will implement curfew during 2016 Songkran festival to show solidarity with farmers hit by drought. Songkran festival is Worlds biggest water festival, celebrated every year in Thailand from 13 to 15 April.
  1703. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Institute of Physics released e-Atlas of Gender Inequality in Education.
  1704. Media Foundation's Chameli Devi Jain award for 2015-16 has been jointly awarded to Priyanka Kakodkar and Raksha Kumar.
  1705. India's first state-wide broadband project AP FiberNet launched by Andhra Pradesh government.
  1706. Indian Overseas Bank became first bank to commence sale of Indian Gold Coin (IGC) in the domestic market with a tie up with Metals and Minerals Trading Corporation (MMTC).
  1707. Book Gandhi: An Illustrated Biography is authored by Pramod Kapoor.
  1708. Nico Rosberg (Germany) won 2016 Formula One Rolex Australian Grand Prix.
    1. 2016 Formula One season -
      1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
        1. Grand Prix Date Winner
          Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
          Baharain 3 April  
          China 17 April  
          Russia 1 May  
          Spain 15 May  
          Monaco 29 May  
          Canada 12 June  
          Europe 19 June  
          Austria 3 July  
          Britain 10 July  
          Hungary 24 July  
          Germany 31 July  
          Belgium 28 August  
          Italy 4 September  
          Singapore 18 September  
          Malaysia 2 October  
          Japan 9 October    
          USA 23 October  
          Mexico 30 October  
          Brazil 13 November  
          Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  1709. Noted Malayalam writer M Sukumaran has been chosen for CV Kunhiraman Literary Prize.
  1710. 9th International Abilympics (IA) Games started at Bordeaux, France. Abilympics, coined from ‘Olympics of abilities’ of persons with disabilities, is a global work skills competition held every four years.
  1711. Indian Golfer Shiv Shankar Prasad Chawrasia won 2016 Hero Indian Open in New Delhi.
  1712. 21st March - World Down syndrome Day (WDSD). 2016 theme is My friends, My Community.
  1713. 21st March - International Day of Forests. Theme for 2016 is Forests and water.
  1714. 21 March - International Day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination. 2016 theme is Challenges and Achievements of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action.
  1715. 21 March - World Poetry day.
  1716. Hinduja brothers (GP Hinduja and SP Hinduja) named richest Asian-origin entrepreneurs in Britain for 4th consecutive year with personal fortune of 16.5 billion pounds. List is compiled by UK-based publishing house Asian Media and Market.
  1717. Finance Minister Arun Jailey presented 5th National Photography Awards -
    1. In addition to the Life Time Achievement Award, a total of 12 awards were presented.
    2. Life Time Achievement - Bhawan Singh
    3. Professional Photographer Award -Javed Ahmed Dar
    4. Amateur Photographer - Himanshu Thakur
  1718. According to WaterAid report - Water: At what cost?, The State of the Worlds Water, India has highest number of 7.6 crore people in world without access to safe water supply, followed by China and Nigeria.
  1719. Government approved 1500 million US dollar project of World Bank to support Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G).
  1720. Akamai's State of the Internet report -
    1. South Korea has fastest average connection speed in the world at 26.7 Mbps, Sweden second with average speed of 19.1 Mbps and followed by Norway at 18.8 Mbps.
    2. India is at 114th position with an average internet speed of 2.8 Mbps. China is 89th with average speed of 4.1Mbps.
  1721. Congo Republic President Denis Sassou Nguesso won re-election for president post.
  1722. India ovrertook China in terms of direct equity allocation by US investors. As per US Treasury, India makes up 1.8% of US foreign equity holdings as against 1.6% of China. US investors direct investment in Indian equities risen from $7 billion in September 2013 to $12 billion in December 2015. While that for in Chinese equities declined from $12.8 billion to $11.1 billion.
  1723. Mehbooba Mufti will become the first woman Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
  1724. Pakistan ratified 2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) that expands its scope to cover atomic facilities and material in peaceful use and storage.
  1725. Gurmeet Singh became first Indian athlete to win gold medal in Asian 20 Kilometer (km) Race Walk Championships in Japan.
  1726. Indian Professor TV Paul took over as 56th president of International Studies Association (ISA).
  1727. Russia's own credit-ratings firm, ACRA started functioning after Moodys and Fitch Ratings decided to stop issuing local ratings for Russian Companies.
  1728. 22 March - World Water Day. 2016 Theme is Better Water, Better Jobs. On this occasion, Swedish furniture firm IKEA announced to contribute 12.4 million euro (Rs 92.84 crore) to provide safe water and sanitation to 10 lakh people in India and Indonesia through Water Org.
  1729. United Nations appointed Red, leader of Angry Birds mobile game characters as an envoy to inspire climate action.
  1730. American company Cisco Systems will invest over $100 million in India over next 2 years to support India's plan to connect thousands of its villages to the internet and create jobs. Around 250,000 students will be trained by CISCO by 2020.
  1731. One of Mumbai oldest colleges, Wilson College adopted Charni Road Railway station for cleanliness and upkeep as part of Swachch Bharat Abhiyan.
  1732. Britain's Prince Harry visited nepal to mark 200th anniversary of bilateral ties.
  1733. Argentinian Football Player Lionel Messi has been named as global ambassador for Chinese tech company Huawei.
  1734. Cinema exhibition chain PVR cinemas and e-Commerce Firm Paytm tied up to sell PVR Movie Tickets at Paytm's e-commerce platform.
  1735. Government formally withdrawn recognition of Delhi Stock Exchange (DSE) after allegations of serious irregularities in its functioning.
  1736. Health Minister JP Nadda launched Cartridge Based Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (CBNAAT) machines for quick diagnosis of Tuberculosis (within two hours).
  1737. India distributed scholarships to over 800 Bangladeshi students under 'Muktijodha Scholarship Scheme'.
    1. India in 2006 started this scholarship scheme to strengthen historic legacy with Bangladesh.
    2. Under the scheme, descendants of freedom fighters get selected on merit basis to pursue undergraduate studies. By far, over 9500 students have been benefited from this scheme.
  1738. IRDAI, Regulatory authority of Insurance sector has approved Life insurance company of India (LIC)'s investment proposal in Public Sector Banks.
  1739. India's current account deficit (CAD) came down to 1.3% of gross domestic product (GDP) ($34 billion) in third quarter (October 2015 to December 2015) from 1.5% in the year-earlier period ($38.6 billion ).
  1740. National Food Security Act (NFSA) will be implemented in 10 more states from April 1, 2016. Total number of states implementing NFSA will rise to 21.
  1741. India's DRDO has developed a radar that can look through a wall of 20-30 CM Thickness, using thermal imaging. The Imaging Radar is named as Divyachakshu and developed by Electronics & Radar Development Establishment (LRDE) based in Bangalore.
  1742. Hinduja Groups Ashok Leyland Defence Systems Ltd (ALDS) tied up with US-based defence contractor Lockheed Martin Corp. to develop combat vehicles for Indian Army.
  1743. 23rd March - World Meteorological Day. Theme for 2016 is Hotter, Drier, Wetter. Face the Future.
  1744. Government approved extension of time period of Special Industry Initiative for J&K, Udaan scheme till 2019-20. Udaan provides exposure to youth of Jammu and Kashmir to best of corporate India and corporate India to rich talent pool available in the State.
  1745. Committee made by Central Board of Direct Taxes under Akhilesh Ranjan, to examine business models for e-commerce and identify direct tax issues in relation to e-commerce transactions has submitted its report.
  1746. South Indian Bank announced to have achieved ISO 9001:2008 certification.
  1747. Bajaj Finance announced to enter 20,000-crore life care segment.
  1748. India's Hero Cycles, world's largest bicycle manufacturer by volume has acquired 60 % stake in Sri Lanka's bicycle manufactur BSH Ventures.
  1749. Private sector Bank Lakshmi Vilas Bank tied up with National Bulk Handling Corporation (NBHC) for collateral management and warehousing services.
  1750. Domestic card payment service provider RuPay will launch its credit card segment in September 2016 by issuing 1 lakh Credit Cards. Note that Rupay has increasing its market share to 38 % in debit card segment.
  1751. Microsoft launched artificial intelligence (AI)-powered bot Tay on Twitter, for a playful chat with people.
  1752. Department of heavy industry approved Himachal Road Transport Corporation and Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority to introduce zero-emission retrofitted electric buses.
  1753. Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal named among world's 50 top leaders by Fortune magazine.
  1754. 7th meeting of Indo-German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC) held in Delhi.
  1755. Bharti Airtel will buy Videocon Telecom's 4G spectrum in six circles for Rs 4,428 crores. It will extend Bharti Airtel's 4G footprint across bands to 19 circles from 15.
  1756. Ali Mohamed Shein won Presidential Elections of semi-autonomous region Zanzibar.
  1757. 24 March - World Tuberculosis (TB) Day. 2016 Theme is Unite to End TB.
  1758. Supreme Court directed telecom operators to ensure threshold limit of call drops of 2 percent % as mandated in regulations of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).
  1759. Delhi won 20th Lloyd Business Today Pro-Am of Champions golf tournament.
  1760. Jammu & Kashmir State Administrative Council (JKSAC) approved 10 year Industrial Policy-2016, aimed at attracting over 2000 crore rupees investment per annum. It Includes creating 15000 employment opportunities annually and creation of land bank of 2500 acres across state. An asset reconstruction company in partnership with J&K Bank will also be set up.
  1761. United Kingdom Anti-Doping (UKAD) is granted role of organising a worldwide fight against performance-enhancing drugs in the run-up to 2016 Olympic Games in Rio (Brazil).
  1762. Malawi Government and UNICEF successfully tested use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs / drones) to explore cost effective ways of reducing waiting times for HIV testing of infants.
  1763. Uttar Pradesh Government approved policy for senior citizens. Under this, UP government will set up old age homes and also announced increase in monthly pension from existing 300 to 400 rupees.
  1764. Minister for Health & Family Welfare JP Nadda launched Project Clean Street Food of Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). It aims to raise safety standards of foods sold on streets across Delhi.
  1765. Maharashtra Cabinet approved Prohibition of Social Boycott Bill, 2016 that aims for prohibition of social boycott of a person / group by groups like Caste Panchayat. After approval of this bill, Maharashtra will become the first Indian State to enact a law against social boycott.
  1766. Indian Advertising Association (IAA) Awards 2016 -
    1. Sanjay Gupta (Jagran Group CEO) - Editor of the Year
    2. Brand Endorser - Varun Dhawan (Actor)
    3. TV Anchor - Rajat Sharma (India TV)
    4. Media Person - Raj Nayak (Colors)
    5. CEO of the year - Kumar Mangalam Birla
  1767. Pune-based Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT) has set up India's first education technology accelerator called Edugild. It will focus on Startups focusing education sector.
  1768. Indian Pharmaceutical Firm Glenmark received final approval from US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) to manufacture and market Frovatriptan Succinate tablets in USA.
  1769. Novak Djokovic (Serbia) and Victoria Azarenka (Belarus) won men's and womens singles titles of BNP Paribas Open at Indian Wells Tennis Garden (Southern California). Tournament is also known as Indian Wells Open.
  1770. Finance Ministry constituted a Sub-Committee under High Level Committee (HLC) to review issues related to excise duty. The sub committee will be headed by Ashok Lahiri and will review excise duty imposed on different jewellery articles in Budget 2016-17.
  1771. London & Partners, official promotional company for London announced that India has became second biggest investor in London after USA, with 117 % increase in Indian companies investing in London since 2005.
  1772. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) appointed Actress Michelle Yeoh as Goodwill Ambassador.
  1773. National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) gave License Agreement to Kudos Laboratories for commercialization of Ayush-82, an Ayurvedic formulation for prevention and management of diabetes. Ayush-82 was developed by CCRAS (Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences).
  1774. Punjab Assembly passed Punjab Sutlej Yamuna Link Canal land (Transfer of Proprietary Right) Bill, 2016 that seeks to provide transfer of proprietary rights back to land owners free of cost from whom land was acquired by Puinjab government for construction of Sutlej Yamuna Link.
  1775. 25th March - Mar 25 - International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade.. 2016 Theme is Remember Slavery: Celebrating the Heritage and Culture of the African Diaspora and its Roots.
  1776. Minister for Minority Affairs Najma Heptulla launched innovative entrepreneurship and skill development programme of Maulana Azad National Academy for Skills (MANAS). It will use leading celebrities belonging to Minority communities in various skill sets as driving force behind skill skill development projects.
  1777. Syrian Army regained control of ancient city of Palmyra from Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) terrorist group.
  1778. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) installed Gadanki Ionospheric Radar Interferometer (GIRI) Radar System at National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (Andhra Pradesh). Primary objective is to Carry out unattended observations for studying forcing from sun like variation in solar flare and solar flux.
  1779. Iran and Pakistan mutually agreed to boost bilateral cooperation on regional security and trade.
  1780. Indian-American Nandita Bakshi is appointed as President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Bank of the West, a subsidiary of French banking giant BNP Paribas.
  1781. 2016 Hockey India Annual Awards -
    1. Major Dhyan Chand Lifetime Achievement Award -Shankar Laxman
    2. Dhruv Batra Player of Year - P.R Sreejesh (male), Deepika (female).
    3. Baljit Singh Goalkeeper of Year - Savita. Pargat Singh
    4. Defender - Kothajit Singh, Midfielder - Ritu Rani, Forward - Rani.
    5. Upcoming Player - Harjeet Singh (male), Preeti Dubey (female)
    6. Presidents Award for Outstanding Achievement - Madhya Pradesh Hockey Academy.
  1782. India-born academician Surya Deva appointed as United Nations (UN) Adviser on Human Rights and Businesses.
  1783. Andhra Pradesh government inaugurated India's first river linking project, Pattiseema lift irrigation project connecting Godavari River with Krishna River from ongoing Polavaram Multi-purpose Irrigation Project. It has been completed in an year by Hyderabad-based Megha Engineering and Infrastructure Limited (MEIL).
  1784. Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment report of UN Environment Programme (UNEP) -
    1. India and China led developing countries in investments made in renewable energy in 2015.
    2. Commitments of emerging economies in renewable energy has surpassed those by wealthy nations.
    3. Developing nations committed 156 billion dollars in new renewable energy in 2015 year (19% more from 2014), mainly by India, China and Brazil. Developed countries' contribution came down by 8 % cent in 2015 to 130 billion dollars.
    4. China's investment was 102.9 billion dollars, India invested USD 10.2 billion.
    5. United States, Japan, UK Brazil, South Africa, Mexico and Chile were also in top 10 investing countries in 2015.
  1785. Mizoram and Japanese International Cooperative Agency (JICA) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Capacity Enhancement for Sustainable Agriculture and Irrigation Development.
  1786. Haryana Assembly passed Backward Classes Reservation Bill, 2016 -
    1. It will provide reservation in services and admission in educational institutions to backward classes including Jats and five other castes, divided into Block A, Block B and Block C. Jats, Jat Sikhs, Ror, Bishnoi, Tyagi and Mulla/Muslim Jat are included in Block C.
    2. It provides 10 % reservation to these castes for class III and class IV posts and 6% in class 1 and class 2 posts, along with 10 % reservation for admission in educational institutions.
  1787. Russia's Sergey Karjakin won FIDE World Chess Candidates Tournament by defeating American Fabiano Caruana.
  1788. Noted singer P. Susheela Mohan created world record for singing highest number of songs. Guinness Book of World Records and Asia Book of Records credited her for singing record 17,695 songs in 12 Indian languages.
  1789. Government unveiled Defence Procurement Procedure 2016 (DPP 2016), during Defexpo-2016 held in Goa.
    1. DPP 2016 will replace DPP 2013, on the recommendations of the Dhirendra Singh Committee.
    2. DPP 2016 will ensure timely procurement of defence (military) equipments through optimum utilization of allocated budgetary resources.
    3. Capital Acquisitions Schemes are classified into 3 categories -
      1. Buy scheme - Outright purchase of equipments under this scheme are further categorized as Buy (Indian- IDDM), Buy (Indian), and Buy (Global). IDDM stands for Indigenously Designed Developed and Manufactured.
      2. Buy and Make scheme - Procurements are categorized as Buy and Make and Buy and Make (Indian).
      3. Make category Scheme: It seeks developing long-term indigenous defence capabilities. It empowers Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) to take fast-track route to acquire weapons, which were limited to the armed forces till now.
      4. Procurement of defence equipment : Arranged in decreasing order of priority are categorized as (i) Buy (India-IDDM). (ii) Buy (Indian). (iii) Buy and Make (Indian). (iv) Buy and Make. (v) Buy (Global).
  1790. Haryana became first state to implement use of injectable contraceptives as a family planning measure, under Project Salamati in assistance of Pathfinder International.
  1791. Russian Government approved a deal of ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) to acquire 15% stake in Vankor oilfield from Rosneft.
  1792. China successfully launched 22nd new generation satellite as part of its domestic BeiDou Navigation System (BDS) as a rival to the USs Global Positioning System (GPS). Launched using Long March-3A carrier rocket.
  1793. Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Unites States Agency for International Development (USAID) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for development of solar parks in India. It will facilitate 848 million US dollars in funding to develop solar parks across India, with initiall focus on state of Rajasthan.
  1794. Telecom Commission approved number 112 as single emergency number for India, similar to 911 of United States (US) and 999 of United Kingdom (UK). From now onwards, Indian citizens in distress will be able to get all emergency services such as police, fire department and ambulance by just dialling 112. It will direct the call to concerned departments immediately for help.
  1795. Indias biggest defece security exhibition Defence Expo 2016 held in Goa. Theme for 9th edition of DEFEXPO is Rise of Futurism.
  1796. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) commissioned second 40 MW hydropower generating unit at Teesta low dam hydroelectric project (HEP) in West Bengal.
  1797. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch record number of 22 satellites in a single mission in May 2016, Polar rocket PSLV C34. It will carry Indias Cartosat 2C along with 21 other satellites from other countries including US, Canada, Indonesia and Germany. Earlier in 2008, ISRO had sent ten satellites into orbit in a single mission. US's NASA holds current world record for sending highest number of satellites in single launch when it launched 29 satellites in a single launch in 2013.
  1798. Central Board of Direct Taxes signed 11 unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs), taking number of into APAs to 59. Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) programme was introduced in 2012 to provide a predictable tax regime and reduce litigation in transfer pricing regime.
  1799. Mohamad Al-Bacha from Denmark won 2016 FIFA Interactive World Cup (FIWC) in USA. He He defeated Sean Allen from England.
    1. FIFA Interactive World Cup (FIWC) annual international competition of football video games is held with partnership from EA Sports and Sony Computer Entertainment Europe.
  1800. Aruna Gali won award for Laadli Media and Advertising Gender Sensitivity 2014-2015 for Her Telugu blog Vivakshaku Mugimpu Palakaali, selected under web category for bringing to fore core issues faced by women in agriculture sector.
  1801. Karnataka developed mobile application MGNREGA M-platform to help implementation of monitoring Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
  1802. India will supply 100 megawatt of electricity to Bangladesh in return for 10 gigabits per second internet bandwidth. Aim is to provide internet connectivity to North-Eastern states.
  1803. Aishwaryaa Dhanush, Indian film artist has written her autobiography - Standing On An Apple Box. She is daughter of legendary actor Rajinikanth and wife of Kollywood actor Dhanush.
  1804. 17th edition of FIFA under-17 World Cup football tournament 2017 will be hosted by India. It will be first time India will host an international football competition.
  1805. Haryana Government launched scheme Adapting Homes for the Differently-abled, under which 6 months pension will be given in advance to such persons for adapting their homes as per their requirement.
  1806. Indo Tibetan Border Polices (ITBP) modern weapon and support weapon training centre will be set up in Damoh, Madhya Pradesh at cost of 2,100 crores.
  1807. 27 March - World Theatre Day. Russian Dramatist Anatoly Vasiliev was World Theatre Day International Message Author 2016.
  1808. During 5th National Industrial & Trade Fair organised by Dalit Indian Chamber Commerce & Industry (DICCI), Government announced to aim at creating 2.5 lakh new SC / ST entrepreneurs in country, under Stand up India Start up India initiative.
  1809. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) commissioned a 600 Mw coal-based thermal power plant of upcoming 2x600 Mw Singareni power project in Adilabad district of Telangana.
  1810. Iran signed an oil agreement with France's Total to develope South Azadegan oil field shared by Iran and Iraq.
  1811. President's Rule has been imposed in Northern State of Uttarakhand.
  1812. Government launched vaccine for Rotavirus vaccine as part of Universal Immunization Programme to prevent child mortaility due to Rotavirus diarrhoea.
  1813. Federal Bank will open startup incubation centers for startups in Bangalore (Karnataka) and Ernakulam (Kerala).
  1814. China launched its first cyber security public organization aimed at better safeguarding national cyber security and guiding Internet companies.
  1815. Economist and former Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India, Rakesh Mohan joined Nestle India as an Independent Non-Executive Director.
  1816. UP's Pallavi Fauzdar made a record in Limca Book by becoming first solo woman to ride across Mana Pass in Uttarakhand. She droove her way to altitude of 5,638 m (18,497 ft) above sea level, on border between India and Tibet.
  1817. World Bank Approved Loan of $100 Million for Jordan to help create 100,000 jobs for Syrian refugees and its own citizen.
  1818. After delay of over 20 years, Myanmars stock exchange opened for its first day of business with trading of a single company. It came after Myanmars development accelerating with a democratic government being formed after five decades of Military Rule.
  1819. USA returned an ancient statue of Hindu god Rama stolen from Cambodia during Cambodias civil war in 1970s. The statue stands 157 centimetres tall and is missing its head, arms and feet.
  1820. Himachal Pradesh Government released its 6th Economic Census report. It was started in 2012 and completed in two phases. Himachal Pardesh is first state to complete economic census and release report.
  1821. Government will organize a ‘Gram Uday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan (Village Self Governance Campaign) between 14th April 2016 (Bhimrao Ambedkars 125th Birth Anniversary) to 24th April 2016 (Panchayati Raj Day). It aims to generate efforts to increase social harmony across villages, strengthen Panchayati Raj and promote rural development. PM Narendra Modi will inaugurate Gram Uday se Bharat Uday Campaign in Madhya Pradesh.
  1822. 1st direct container vessel between India and Bangladesh sent off from Krishnapatnam port, carrying cotton set. It is part of coastal shipping agreement between two countries to facilitate easy trade.
  1823. As per security solutions firm Symantec, India ranked 3rd in number of financial Trojan infections where cybercriminals defraud customers of online banking services. India moved up from 5th position in 2014 to 3 in 2015. Note that global detections have dropped by 73%.
  1824. India's first indigenous composites sonar dome Designed by Defence and Research Development Organisation (DRDO), has been delivered to Mazgaon docks in Mumbai. All anti-submarine warfare (ASW) ships have a sonar array fitted to ship structure below waterline. It acts as ships underwater eyes and ears.
  1825. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has permitted 100% FDI in e-commerce retailing (Like Flipkart and Snapdeal), to attract more foreign investors.
  1826. UNICEF launched a series of animated films to help frame positive perceptions towards crores of Migrants globally, Called Unfairy Tales.
  1827. Bangladesh's supreme court rejected a 28-year-old petition to remove Islam as official religion of country. Islam was introduced as state religion in the Bangladeshi constitution in 1988 and a group of 15 Individuals filed a Petition against it.
  1828. Japan NTT Data has acquired Dell's IT Services arm for over 20000 Crores.
  1829. Reliance Defence inked pact with Israel's Rafael Advanced Defence System to set up a JV in India for specialised areas including air- to-air missiles, with investment of USD 10 billion.
  1830. India signed MoU with USA for building a Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) project for research on gravitational waves. The Project is called IndIGO (Indian Initiative in Gravitational-wave Observations).
  1831. J P Nadda, Minister of Health and Family Welfare launched two major Digital initiatives to provide easy access to health services - GIS-enabled HMIS application and self-printing of e-CGHS cards.
  1832. After IRDAI's approval of Life insurance company of India (LIC)'s investment proposal in Public Sector Banks, LIC announced to buy Additional stake in Public Sector Banks - Dena Bank and Andhra Bank. Dena bank sold shares worth Rs 65 crore to LIC and Andhra Bank sold 4.23 % equity to LIC.
  1833. Oscar winning Noted USA actress Patty Duke passed away.
  1834. Faustin Archange Touadera took charge as new president of Central African Republic.
  1835. Indian Direct Selling Association (IDSA) announced Jitendra Jagota as new Chairman.
  1836. It firm Wipro appointed Paypal Executive Patrick Dupuis as an Independent Director on Wipro's Board.
  1837. Adani Group unit Aero Defence Systems & Technologies Ltd signed agreement with Elbit-ISTAR of Israel and India's Alpha Design Technologies to work in field of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS).
  1838. Kachhabali village in Rajsamand district become 1st Liquor Free Vilage in state of Rajasthan.
  1839. 63rd National Film Awards for year 2015 -
    1. Best feature film - Baahubali : The Beginning (directed by S. S. Rajamouli)
    2. Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment  - Bajrangi Bhaijaan
    3. Best Actor - Amitabh Bachchan (Piku).
    4. Best Actress - Kangana Ranaut (Tanu Weds Manu Returns).
    5. Best Direction - Sanjay Leela Bhansali (Bajirao Mastani).
    6. Best Film on Social Issues - Niranayakam (Malayalam)
    7. Best Supporting Actor - Samuthirakani for Visaranai (Tamil).
    8. Best Supporting Actress - Tanvi Azmi for Bajirao Mastani (Hindi).
    9. Best Childrens Film - Duronto (Hindi)
    10. Best Child Artist - Gaurav Menon for Ben (Malayalam).
    11. Special Jury Award - Margarita with a Straw (Hindi) directed by Kalki Koechlin.
    12. Best Cinematography - Remo DSouza for Bajirao Mastani.
    13. Indira Gandhi Award for Best Debut Director - Neeraj Ghaywan for Masaan (Hindi).
    14. Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration - Nanak Shah Fakir (Punjabi)
  1840. Researchers from Purdue University in Indiana in United States revealed first 3D map of the Zika virus structure.
  1841. Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) launched Startup India portal ( and mobile application.
  1842. Vietnam's National Assembly elected Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan as country`s first female house speaker.
  1843. Supreme Court approved Government's guidelines to protect Good Samaritans, who help road accident victims, from being unnecessarily harassed by police or any other authority. These guidelines are based on recommendations of K S Radhakrishnan committee.
  1844. Telangana Government launched M-Wallet mobile app to facilitate citizens to get digital copies of documents like driving licence and registration certificates.
  1845. Researchers discovered Sand-eating tadpole species named Micrixalus herrei in Western Ghats. The tadpole belongs to Indian Dancing Frog family, Micrixalidae.
  1846. Bihar Assembly passed Bihar Excise (Amendment) Bill 2016 to enforce ban on country made liquor from 1 April 2016.
  1847. According to a report by New World Wealth -
    1. India saw 4th biggest outflow of High Net Worth Individuals (HNWI) globally in 2015 with shifting of 4,000 millionaires overseas.
    2. France saw the maximum outflow of millionaires (10,000), followed by China (9,000) and Italy (6,000).
  1848. Japan committed for Official Development Assistance loan of an amount of Approx. Rs.14,251 Crores for Transmission System Strengthening in Madhya Pradesh, Odisha Integrated Sanitation Improvement Project, Dedicated Freight Corridor Project (Phase 1), North East Road Network Connectivity Improvement Project (Phase 1) and Jharkhand Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation Project.
  1849. Power Minister Piyush Goyal launched mobile application Vidyut PRAVAH - Electricity, Price Availability and Highlights that can give information related to electricity availability, shortage and pricing on mobile phones.
  1850. India signed Loan agreement of USD 250 Million For First Programmatic Electricity distribution Reform Development Policy Loan for Rajasthan.
  1851. At end of December 2015, India's external debt stood at US$ 480.2 billion, increase of US$ 4.9 billion (1.0 per cent) over March 2015. Rise in debt is due to long-term external debt particularly commercial borrowings and NRI deposits.
  1852. Government informed that in 2015-16, there has been highest ever production of urea in country since independence. 245 lakh MT Ureas was produced in India in 2015-16, 20 lakh MT more than last year.
  1853. Government launched Inclusiveness and Accessibility Index under Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan campaign, in collaboration with Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). This Index will help corporates to participate in Accessible India Campaign (AIC) by evaluating their readiness for making workplace accessible for Persons with Disabilities.
  1854. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI). It will survey more than 60000 elderly over 25 years plan and will provide validated data on various issues of the elderly.
  1855. Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh launched Pusa Krishi mobile app at Krishi Unnati Mela in New Delhi. It will help farmers to find solutions to problems in their farm fields and also getting information about weather.
  1856. Year 2014 recorded highest anthropogenic carbon released in past 6.6 crore years, as per a study at University of Hawaii. Current carbon emissions are mainly from burning fossil fuels, amounting 10 billion tonnes a year. At this pace, temperatures will rise by up to 4.8 degrees Celsius by 2100. It may cause floods, droughts and more powerful storms.
  1857. United Nations Security Council extended UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) till 31 March 2017. Resolution was approved to support a transparent electoral process in 2016 and universal elections by 2020.
  1858. The Biography of Actor and Politician Shatrughan Sinha - Anything But Khamosh has been released.
  1859. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) released electronic format for exchange of Country-by-Country (CbC) reports between jurisdictions -- CbC XML Schema. The CbC reports assist tax administrations in obtaining a complete understanding of how Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) operate.
  1860. To help farmers in switching to unconventional methods of farming, Gujarat state government will set up country's first university exclusively focusing on organic farming.
  1861. Karnataka High Court ruled that report of Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) cannot be sole basis for any liability being caused or for prosecution to be launched.
  1862. Noted USA writer Jim Harrison passed away, best known for his 1979 novel Legends of the Fall.
  1863. Tata Motors signed contract with Indian Army to supply 619 units of its high-mobility vehicle (HMV) 6X6 multi-axle trucks to Army.
  1864. Pranab Mukherjee conferred Padma Awards 2016. It Included Haldhar Nag, 66-year-old poet in Kosli language who was highlightened as he used to be a 3rd Class passout and now is acclaimed as among top Poets in Country with 5 Thesis written for him. Complete List of Padma Awardees is as given -
    1. Padma Vibhushan -
      1. Ms. Yamini Krishnamurthi — Art-Classical dance — Delhi
      2. Rajinikanth — Art-Cinema — Tamil Nadu
      3. Smt Girija Devi — Art-Classical Vocal — West Bengal
      4. Ramoji Rao — Literature & Education-Journalism — Andhra Pradesh
      5. Dr Viswanathan Shanta — Medicine-Oncology — Tamil Nadu
      6. Ravi Shankar — Others-Spiritualism — Karnataka
      7. Jagmohan — Public Affairs — Delhi
      8. Dr Vasudev Kalkunte Aatre — Science & Engineering — Karnataka
      9. Avinash Dixit(Foreigner) — Literature & Education — USA
      10. Late Dhiru Bhai Ambani (Posthumous) — Trade & Industry — Maharashtra
    2. Padma Bhushan
      1. Anupam Kher — Art-Cinema — Maharashtra
      2. Udit Narayan Jha — Art-Playback Singing — Maharashtra
      3. Ram V Sutar — Art-Sculpture — Uttar Pradesh
      4. Heisnam Kanhailal — Art-Theatre — Manipur
      5. Vinod Rai — Civil Service — Kerala
      6. Dr Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad — Literature & Education — Andhra Pradesh
      7. Prof NS Ramanuja Tatacharya — Literature & Education — Maharashtra
      8. Dr Barjinder Singh Hamdard — Literature & Education - Journalism — Punjab
      9. Prof D Nageshwar Reddy — Medicine-Gastroenterology — Telangana
      10. Swami Tejomayananda — Other-Spiritualism — Maharashtra
      11. Hafeez Contractor — Others-Architecture — Maharashtra
      12. Ravindra Chandra Bhargava — Public Affairs — Uttar Pradesh
      13. Dr Venkata Rama Rao — Alla Science & Engineering — Andhra Pradesh
      14. Ms Saina Nehwal — Sports-Badminton — Telangana
      15. Ms Sania Mirza — Sports-Tennis — Telangana
      16. Ms Indu Jain — Trade & Industry — Delhi
      17. Late Swami Dayanand Sarawasati (Posthumous) — Others-Spiritualism — Uttarakhand
      18. Robert Blackwill (Foreigner) — Public Affairs — USA
      19. Pallonji Shapoorji Mistry (NRI/PIO) — Trade & Industry — Ireland
    3. Padma Shri
      1. Smt Prathibha Prahlad — Art- Classical Dance — Delhi
      2. Bhikhudan Gadhvi — Art- Folk Music — Gujarat
      3. Sribhas Chandra Supakar — Art- Textile Designing — Uttar Pradesh
      4. Ajay Devgn — Art-Cinema — Maharashtra
      5. Ms Priyanka Chopra — Art-Cinema — Maharashtra
      6. Pt Tulsidas Borkar — Art-Classical Music — Goa
      7. Dr Soma Ghosh — Art-Classical Vocal — Uttar Pradesh
      8. Nila Madhab Panda — Art-Film Direction and Production — Delhi
      9. SS Rajamouli — Art-Film Direction and Production — Karnataka
      10. Madhur Bhandarkar — Art-Film Direction and Production — Maharashtra
      11. Prof M Venkatesh Kumar — Art-Folk Artist — Karnataka
      12. Ms Gulabi Sapera — Art-Folk Dance — Rajasthan
      13. Smt Mamta Chandrakar — Art-Folk Music — Chhattisgarh
      14. Ms Malini Awasthi — Art-Folk Music — Uttar Pradesh
      15. Jai Prakash Lekhiwal — Art-Miniature Painting — Delhi
      16. K Laxma Goud — Art-Painting — Telangana
      17. Bhalchandra Dattatray Mondhe — Art-Photography — Madhya Pradesh
      18. Naresh Chander Lal — Art-Theatre & Cinema — Andaman & Nicobar
      19. Dhirendra Nath Bezbaruah — Literature & Education — Assam
      20. Prahlad Chandra Tasa — Literature & Education — Assam
      21. Dr Ravindra Nagar — Literature & Education — Delhi
      22. Dahyabhai Shastri — Literature & Education — Gujarat
      23. Dr Santeshivara Bhyrappa — Literature & Education — Karnataka
      24. Haldar Nag — Literature & Education — Odisha
      25. Kameshwaram Brahma — Literature & Education -Journalism — Assam
      26. Prof Pushpesh Pant — Literature & Education-Journalism — Delhi
      27. Jawaharlal Kaul — Literature & Education-Journalism — Jammu & Kashmir
      28. Ashok Malik — Literature & Education — Delhi
      29. Dr Mannam Gopi Chand — Medicine-Cardio Thoracic Surgery — Telangana
      30. Prof Ravi Kant — Medicine-Surgery — Uttar Pradesh
      31. Prof Ram Harsh Singh — Medicine- Ayurveda — Uttar Pradesh
      32. Prof Shiv Narain Kureel — Medicine- Paediatric Surgery — Uttar Pradesh
      33. Dr Sabya Sachi Sarkar — Medicine -Radiology — Uttar Pradesh
      34. Dr Alla Gopala Krishna Gokhale — Medicine-Cardiac Surgery — Andhra Pradesh
      35. Prof TK Lahiri — Medicine-Cardio Thoracic Surgery — Uttar Pradesh
      36. Dr Praveen Chandra — Medicine-Cardiology — Delhi
      37. Prof (Dr) Daljeet Singh Gambhir — Medicine-Cardiology — Uttar Pradesh
      38. Dr Chandrasekar Shesadri Thoguluva — Medicine-Gastroenterology — Tamil Nadu
      39. Dr (Mrs) Anil Kumari Malhotra — Medicine-Homeopathy — Delhi
      40. Prof MV Padma Srivastava — Medicine-Neurology — Delhi
      41. Dr Sudhir V Shah — Medicine-Neurology — Gujarat
      42. Dr MM Joshi — Medicine-Ophthalmology — Karnataka
      43. Prof (Dr) John Ebnezar — Medicine-Orthopaedic Surgery — Karnataka
      44. Dr Nayudamma Yarlagadda — Medicine-Paediatric Surgery — Andhra Pradesh
      45. Simon Oraon — Other -Environment Conservation — Jharkhand
      46. Imitiaz Qureshi — Other-Culinary — Delhi
      47. Piyush Pandey — Others-Advertising & Communication — Maharashtra
      48. Subhash Palekar — Others-Farming — Maharashtra
      49. Ravinder Kumar Sinha — Others-Wildlife Conservation — Bihar
      50. Dr HR Nagendra — Others-Yoga — Karnataka
      51. MC Mehta — Public Affairs — Delhi
      52. MN Krishna Mani — Public Affairs — Delhi
      53. Ujjwal Nikam — Public Affairs — Maharashtra
      54. Tokheho Sema — Public Affairs — Nagaland
      55. Dr Satish Kumar — Science & Engineering — Delhi
      56. Dr Mylswamy Annadurai — Science & Engineering — Karnataka
      57. Prof Dipankar Chatterji — Science & Engineering — Karnataka
      58. Prof(Dr) Ganapati Dadasaheb Yadav — Science & Engineering — Maharashtra
      59. Smt (Prof) Veena Tandon — Science & Engineering — Meghalaya
      60. Onkar Nath Srivastava — Science and Engineering — Uttar Pradesh
      61. Ms Sunita Krishnan — Social Work — Andhra Pradesh
      62. Ajoy Kumar Dutta — Social Work — Assam
      63. M Pandit Dasa — Social Work — Karnataka
      64. PP Gopinathan Nair — Social Work — Kerala
      65. Smt Madeleine Herman de Blic — Social Work — Puducherry
      66. Srinivasan Damal Kandalai — Social work — Tamil Nadu
      67. Sudhakar Olwe — Social Work — Maharashtra
      68. Dr TV Narayana — Social Work — Telangana
      69. Arunachalam Murugantham — Social Work — Tamil Nadu
      70. Ms Deepika Kumari — Sports-Archery — Jharkhand
      71. S Sushil Doshi — Sports-commentary — Madhya Pradesh
      72. Mahesh Sharma — Trade & Industry — Delhi
      73. Saurabh Srivastava — Trade & Industry — Delhi
      74. Sh Dilip Sanghvi — Trade & Industry — Maharashtra
      75. Dr Keki Hormusji Gharda — Trade & Industry — Maharashtra
      76. Late Prakash Chand Surana (Posthumous) — Art -Classical Music — Rajasthan
      77. Late Saeed Jaffrey (NRI/PIO/Posthumous) — Art-Cinema — UK
      78. Michael Postel (Foreigner) — Art-Archaeology — France
      79. Salman Amin Sal Khan (NRI/PIO) — Literature & Education — USA
      80. Smt Hui Lan Zhang (Foreigner) — Others-Yoga — China
      81. Predrag K Nikic (Foreigner) — Others-Yoga — Serbia
      82. Dr Sundar Aditya Menon (NRI/PIO) — Social Work — UAE
      83. Ajaypal Singh Banga (NRI/PIO) — Trade & Industry — US
  1865. Taiwan's Foxconn Technology will acquire Japans Sharp Corporation for 3.5 billion US dollars.
  1866. France announced to end its Operation Sangaris in Central African Republic in 2016.
  1867. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) increased Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPI) investment limit in Government securities from 135400 to 140000 crores. It will boost inflows of foreign funds into Indian capital markets. Limit will further be increased to 144000 crore rupees from 5 July 2016.
  1868. Indian Institute of Technology Patna organised First International Symposium on Fifth Generation (5G) technology, to bring organizations to share views over possible 5G technologies.
  1869. Indian Medicine Maker Biocon Ltd got Japan's approval for selling its biosimilar Insulin Glargine in Japan.
  1870. National level AROGYA Fair organized by Ministry of AYUSH in Goa.
  1871. Indian Naval ship Beas visited Qatar to participate in 5th edition of Doha International Maritime Defence Exhibition (DIMDEX).
  1872. 13TH India-EU Summit held in Brussels (Belgium) -
    1. PM Narendra Modi Visited on India'a Behalf. It is part of his Tri Nation Journey to Belgium, USA ad Saudi Arabia.
    2. PM Modi and his Belgian counterpart Charles Michel from Belgium Remotely Launched Asias largest optical telescope Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) at Devasthal in Nainital District, Uttrakahnd. It has been located at a height of 2,500 metres at Devasthal in Nainital district and has mirror of 3.6 m diameter.
    3. European Investment Bank (EIB), will lend India 450 million (approximately Rs. 3,300 crore) towards constructing a 23-km long Lucknow Metro rail line and a purchasing a fleet of new trains. EIB also approved to set up Its regional representation for South Asia in New Delhi.
    4. EU-India Agenda for Action 2020 - India and EU endorsed agenda to concrete road-map for EU-India Strategic Partnership for upto 2020.
    5. EU-India Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) - India and EU agreed to further negotiations on early conclusion of BTIA.
    6. Joint Declaration on the India-EU Water Partnership was adopted to enhance cooperation on environment issues, including on the ‘Clean India' and ‘Clean Ganga’ flagship programmes.
  1873. Chief Executive of Afghanistan, Abdullah Abdullah visited India to Participate in Conference on Counter-terrorism-2016 being held in Jaipur.
  1874. Memorandum of Understanding signed Between National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) of India and Rusnano OJSC of Russia to Set-Up High Technology Private Equity Fund for Joint Implementation of Investments into Projects in India.
  1875. Government has set-up Tax Policy Research Unit (Under Revenue Secretary) and Tax Policy Council (Finance Ministry) to bring consistency in Tax Policy as per Tax Administration Reform Commission (TARC) recommendations.
    1. Currently, Handling of handling of tax policy and related legislation is done by CBDT and CBEC, independently in Tax Research Unit (TRU) and Tax Policy and Legislation (TPL) wings.
      1. It will Carry-out studies on various topics of fiscal and tax policies referred to it by CBDT and CBEC and will provide independent analysis on such topics.
      1. The Tax Policy Council will look at all the research findings coming from Tax Policy Research (TPRU) Unit and suggest broad policy measures for taxation.
  1876. Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology (CIPET) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Karnataka Government to set up Advanced Polymer Design and Development Research Laboratory cum High Learning Centre at Bengaluru.
  1877. Ramayyagari Subhash Reddy is appointed as Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court.
  1878. Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) and Qualcomm Ventures announced QPrize Make in India contest of US$ 350,000 (Rs 2 Crore) in equity investment as prize money for winning company. Goal is to catalyze Indian entrepreneurs and start up community.
  1879. India signed agreement to acquire status of an Associate Member State of European Molecular Biology Organisation (EMBO) to strengthen scientific interaction and collaborative research with Europe. EMBO is an organization of leading researchers that promotes excellence in life sciences.
  1880. India and Afghanistan signed agreement for visa-free travel for diplomatic passport holders.
  1881. Japan's ShinMaywa will set up manufacturing plant of US-2 amphibious aircraft in India under ‘Make in India initiative to cater to international demands.
  1882. K Durga Prasad is appointed as Director General (DG) of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
  1883. Saroj Kumar Jha is appointed as Senior Director for Fragility, Conflict and Violence Group in World Bank.
  1884. Noted Urdu fiction novelist Intizar Husain passed away.
  1885. Alphabet (parent company of Google) overtook Apple as most valuable company in world with valuation at 548 billion dollars (Apple worth 534 billion). Alphabet reported revenues worth 74.5 billion dollars in 2015 and profit of 23.4 billion dollars.
  1886. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) launched country's first anti-diabetic ayurvedic drug named BGR-34 for type two Diabetes mellitus. BGR-34 stands for Blood Glucost Regulator and offers effective solution for managing type two Diabetes.
  1887. Kanu Behl directed ‘Titli’ won Best First Foreign Film Award in French Syndicate of Cinema Critics 2016 (FSCC).
  1888. 2 February - World Wetland Day. Theme for 2016 is Wetlands for our Future – Sustainable Livelihoods.
  1889. Jai Shanker Menon has been appointed as Head of Mission and Force Commander of the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF).
  1890. D J Pandian is appointed as vice-president and chief investment officer (CIO) of Beijing-based Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
  1891. General John Nicholson is appointed as commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan.
  1892. Aruna Sethi appointed as head of Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS). She is first lady officer to this post.
  1893. Former Lok Sabha Speaker Balram Jakhar passed away.
  1894. Former RBI Deputy Governor S S Tarapore passes away.
  1895. Maharashtra government announced Bharatratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Special Collective Incentive Scheme for economically backward Dalit entrepreneurs.
  1896. Kerala won 61st National School Athletics championship that concluded in Kozhikode (Kerala). Kerala won the event for 19th consecutive time.
  1897. World Health Organisation (WHO) accorded PQP (Pre-qualification of Medicines Programme) certification to Chennai based GreenSignal Bio Pharma for manufacturing a BCG (Bacillus Calmette–Guérin) vaccine.
    1. PQP certification helps pharmaceutical companies to participate in the global immunisation programme facilitated through international procurement agencies such as UNICEF.
  1898. Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech announced a breakthrough in developing world’s first Zika vaccine by developing two candidates.
  1899. Sarangi maestro Pandit Ram Narayan is chosen for prestigious Pandit Bhimsen Joshi Classical Music Award for 2015-2016.
  1900. PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL) at Lepetkata, Assam. It is first petro-chemical plant in North-East India, built at cost of 10000-crore rupees.
  1901. United States (US) Astronaut Edgar Mitchell passed away. He was sixth person to walk on Moon.
  1902. International Fleet Review (IFR) 2016, international Navy exercise hosted by Indian Navy inaugurated in Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh). Theme of IFR 2016 is United through Oceans”. Naval ships from 50 countries to participate in event.
  1903. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare will set up National Organic Farming Research Institute (NOFRI) in Sikkim by upgrading existing Gangtok based Regional Centre of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
  1904. Government launched Project Sunrise for prevention of AIDS specially among people injecting drugs in 8 North-Eastern states.
  1905. India ratified Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC), 1997 which sets parameters on a nuclear operators financial liability. It will boost Indias nuclear commerce with international partners.
    1. Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) Seeks to establish a uniform global legal regime for compensation to victims in event of a nuclear accident.
    2. It was adopted on 12 September 1997 and can enter into force after ratification by at least 5 countries with min 400,000 units of installed nuclear capacity.
  1906. Maharashtra Government started Deradicalisation Programme for minority community to counter extremism at local and global level (Islamic State (IS)).
  1907. Intellectual Property Appellate Board ordered Geographical Indications Registry (GIR) to issue ‘Geographical Indication tag for basmati rice grown in 7 states - Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, parts of Uttar Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
    1. This tag will help preserve unique identity of Indias aromatic basmati rice in international markets.
  1908. PM Narendra Modi inaugurated campus of National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) in Bhubaneswar (Odisha).
  1909. 12 Pacific Rim countries (Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei Darussalam, Japan, Canada, United States, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Australia and New Zealand) signed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement in New Zealand. It is one of biggest trade deals ever.
    1. TPP is Free Trade Area with 80 crore people and 40% global trade.
    2. Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement Objectives are Lower trade barriers such as tariffs, common framework for intellectual property, Enforce standards for labour law and environmental law and an investor-state dispute settlement mechanism.
  1910. India and China held their first joint tactical exercise (Sino-India Cooperation 2016) in Jammu & Kashmir.
  1911. Indian Oil Corporation’s (IOC’s) new refinery at Paradip (Odisha) has been started. It is IOC’s 11th refinery and has capacity of 15 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA), Built at cost of 34,555 crores.
  1912. Scientists from National University of Singapore (NUS) successfully converted paper waste into green nontoxic cellulose aerogels for the firs time. Aerogels are among lightest solid materials and are also among finest insulation materials.
  1913. 30th Surajkund International Crafts Mela-2016 started in Faridabad (Haryana) with Telangana chosen as theme state.
  1914. Software Firm Infosys will build world's tallest free-standing clock tower (135 Metres) at its global education centre in Mysuru.
  1915. Kerala government will launch India's First Gender Taxi, operated by transgenders.
  1916. International Swimming Federation announced Japanese city of Fukuoka as host of 2021 World Aquatics Championships and Qatari capital Doha As host of 2023 World Aquatics Championships.
  1917. Japanese company Spread will open world's first robot-run farm of about area 4,400 square metres. All taks except Seed planting will be done by industrial robots.
  1918. 4 February - World Cancer Day (WCD). Theme for 2016 is We can. I can.
  1919. Rewati Chetri from India won Miss Asia (Best in Asia Continent) at 2016 World Miss University pageant in Beijing (China).
  1920. Manipuri documentary film ‘Phum Shang won Golden Conch Award for best documentary at 14th Mumbai International Film Festival (MIFF) 2016.
  1921. Malayalam actress Geetu Mohandas won 2016 Global Filmmaking award at Sundance Film Festival 2016 for script of her upcoming film Insha Allah.
  1922. Indias top IT company Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is rated as worlds most powerful brand in Information Technology Services by Brand Finance. TCS earned an AA+ rating with score of 78.3 points. Besides , Disney is rated as most powerful brand and Apple as most valuable brand for 2016.
  1923. Actor Amitabh Bachchan is honoured with lifetime achievement at NDTV Indian of the Year 2015 awards.
  1924. Global Go to Think Tank Index Report (GGTTI) 2015 -
    1. Topped by United States of America (USA) and followed by China, UK, India and Germany.
    2. Six Indian think tanks figured in top 175 - Centre for Civil Society (CCS), Institute For Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Observer Research Foundation (ORF).
  1925. India will participate in 2016 Cobra Gold exercise (annual Thai-U.S joint and multinational military exercise).
  1926. Sri Aurobindo International Centre for Education (SAICE), Puducherry became Indias first fully solar-powered educational institute. It generates 3 times the electricity it consumes through solar power plants.
  1927. Renana Jhabvala has been invited to serve as a panelist on a UN panel on women's economic empowerment.
  1928. India announced to host first-ever Global Maritime Summit in April 2016.
  1929. India conferred honorary General of the Indian Army rank to Nepalese Army Chief General Rajendra Chettri.
  1930. Shane Watson (Australia) became most expensive player in 2016 Indian Premier League(IPL) auction when Royal Challengers Bangalore bought him for Rs 9.5 Crore. Pawan Negi became costliest Indian player at Rs 8.5 Crore.
  1931. North Korea successfully launched a Kwangmyongsong-4 earth observation satellite.
  1932. Muktesh Kumar Pardeshi appointed as Indias Ambassador to Mexico.
  1933. Datta Padsalgikar appointed as Commissioner of Mumbai Police.
  1934. India's Under-19 Cricketer Rishabh Pant made fastest U-19 international half century ( 18 balls) against Nepal.
  1935. As per records, National Pension System now has 1.15 crore subscribers, each with an average INR 95,000 of assets under management.
  1936. Karnataka Government started Invest Karnataka 2016 to attract Global Investors. Central government announced to spend Rs 1 lakh crore for development of road infrastructure in Karnataka.
  1937. Government appointed Jai Kumar Garg as Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Corporation Bank.
  1938. HL Samariya is appointed as Central Provident Fund Commissioner (CPFC) for three months.
  1939. Chinese technology company ZTE has inked a pact with the Andhra Pradesh government to work on smart city projects in the state.
  1940. Haryana and Province of Ontario in Canada signed an MoU for enhancing commercial and cultural ties.
  1941. Anil Ambani's Reliance Entertainment announced joint venture with Neeraj Pandey and Shital Bhatia's Friday Filworks. Akshay Kumar starrer Rustom will be first movie under the banner, Plan C Studios.
  1942. Mobile messaging app WhatsApp crossed one billion user milestone globally.
  1943. State Bank of India tied up with travel related financial services company Thomas Cook to offer online customers a recurring deposit that helps them save toward an inflation proof holiday.
  1944. Government will infuse about Rs.5,000 crore capital in public sector undertaking (PSU) banks in the current fiscal (Fourth Quarter) to strengthen their balancesheet.
  1945. BSE and International Finance Corporation (IFC) partnered to develop a corporate governance scorecard that seeks to help companies assay their corporate governance performances against national or international-benchmarked practices.
  1946. Reliance Group announced to establish Dhirubhai Ambani Centre for Innovation and Research in Bengaluru. The centre is expected to generate over 1,500 highly skilled jobs and support governments plan for indigenous development of defence equipment.
  1947. Government appointed World Bank’s water and sanitation specialist, Parameshwaran Iyer as Secretary of the Drinking Water and Sanitation Department. He will lookm over Swachh Bharat Mission for 2 years.
  1948. 6 February - International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation.
  1949. Reliance Infrastructure signed a share purchase agreement with Birla Corporation for selling its cement assets to Birla Corp for Rs.4,800 crore.
  1950. Finance Ministry's Official YouTube Channel launched.
  1951. Capital markets regulator Sebi has set up a task force to review risk management norms for national-level commodity Exchanges.
  1952. BSE Institute launched a new accelerator for start-ups​. It will focus on scalable, technology start-ups and will help recreate in India the successful model of Digital Media Zone (DMZ) - Ryerson's flagship programme in Toronto which has incubated over 150 start-ups since 2010.
  1953. Gurdeep Singh appointed Chairman and Managing Director of NTPC.
  1954. Noted dancer-choreographer Ananda Shankar Jayant addressed India Conference at Harvard (USA).
  1955. Noted Former Cricketer Rahul Dravid has been named in ICC's Anti-Corruption Oversight Group.
  1956. Noted Political Catooninst Sudhir Tailang passes away.
  1957. Corporation Bank signed memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Universal Sompo General Insurance Company for providing accident death coverage to its savings bank account holders.
  1958. Indian Origin Person Vishal Mehta appointed President of newly- formed International Grown Diamond Association (IGDA).
  1959. Indian Crticketer Virat Kohli ranked as Top T20 International Batsman by ICC by replacing Aaron Finch (Australia).
  1960. Ministry of Urban Development approved projects worth over Rs 12 crore for tourist infrastructure in heritage locations in Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh) and Warangal (Telangana).
  1961. India and Sri Lanka signed memorandum of understanding (MoUs) in health sector and renovation of schools with Sri Lanka.
  1962. 24th National Homoeopathic Congress ‘Homeo-Vision 2016 inaugurated in Nagpur (Maharashtra).
  1963. Swachh Survekshan-2016 report by Urban Development Ministry -
    1. Top 10 Cleanliest Cities - Mysuru (1st), Chandigarh, Tiruchirapalli, New Delhi, Visakhapatnam, Surat, Rajkot, Gangtok, Pimpri Chindwad and Greater Mumbai
    2. Bottom 10 cities - Kalyan Dombivili, Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Ghaziabad, Raipur, Meerut, Patna, Itanagar, Asansol and Dhanbad (Ranked 73).
  1964. ICICI Academy and RSETIs (Rural Self Employment Training Institutes) will train over 45,000 candidates in 2017. The academy has already trained over 25000 youths since its inception in 2013.
  1965. Wrestling Federation of India (WFI) chief Brijbhushan Sharan Singh is appointed as president of South Asian Wrestling Federation (SAWF).
  1966. Noted Hindi and Urdu Poet Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli passed away.
  1967. Indian Coast Guard will induct 38 more aircraft and helicopters by 2020, to take total strength of 62 airplanes / helicopters.
  1968. Ashok Chawla is Appointed As New Chairman of TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute). Previous DG R.K. Pachauri is appointed Executive Vice Chairman.
  1969. Nepal's former prime minister Sushil Koirala passed away.
  1970. Government announced that Loans worth over Rs 1 lakh crore have been sanctioned to small entrepreneurs under Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana,in line with Government's vision of turing youth to be job creators and not job seekers.
  1971. New Zealand Cricketer Brendon Mccullum retired from One day Internationals.
  1972. R. K. Verma appointed as Secretary in Railway Board.
  1973. Government announced Prime Ministers Shram Awards 2014 on 54 people -
    1. Shram Ratna - No Awardee
    2. Shram Bhushan - 9 Awardees
    3. Shram Vir/Shram Veerangana - 19 Awardees
    4. Shram Shree/Shram Devi - 26 Awardees
  1974. 4-day National Arogya Fair held at Dehradun (Uttarakhand), organized by Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa & Homoeopathy (AYUSH).
  1975. Sultan Al Mansoori, Economy Minister of UAE visited India.
  1976. Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singh announced establishment of National Organic Farming Research Institute (NOFRI) at Gangtok (Sikkim). Note that Sikkim has recently been declared as the first organic state in India.
  1977. Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Visited India. India And UAE Signed 9 Agreements To Boost Bilateral Cooperation.
  1978. Governmemt launched National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) that outlines strategy for elimination of Malaria by 2030.
  1979. National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) signed an agreement with Indian Institute of Chemical Biology to promote entrepreneurship.
  1980. Government launched First Mega Food Parks in states of Madhya Pradesh (Khargone District) and Jharkhand (Getalsud (Ranchi)).
  1981. Government will organize a mega Make in India Week event in Mumbai from February 13-18, 2016.
  1982. Textile Ministry has bestowed Indian Handloom Brand tag on Chettinad cotton saris for its unique designs and identity.
  1983. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas released Hydrocarbon Vision 2030 for north-east India.
  1984. Index of Internet Readiness of Indian States (IIRIS) by Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) -
    1. Top 5 states - Maharashtra (1st), Karnataka, Gujarat, Telengana and Tamil Nadu.
    2. Among smaller states - Delhi is topmost in terms of Internet readiness index followed by Puducherry and Goa.
  1985. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has barred telecom service providers (TSPs) from offering or charging discriminatory tariffs for data services on the basis of content accessed by a consumer. In this regard, TRAI issued Prohibition of Discriminatory Tariffs for Data Services Regulations 2016.
    1. These Regulations ensure that consumers get non-discriminatory and unhindered access to internet and Data tariffs will be non-discriminatory on basis of the content (website visited).
    2. Note that Facebook had started a Free Basics Campaign that promoted Differential Pricing of Internet access based on Data / website accessed. TRAI has now ruled out against this and Facebook has taken back its campaign against India's Net Independence and Neutrality.
  1986. Biologists discovered a new species of hydroid polyps emitting green fluorescence in Red Sea (lying between Africa and Asia).
  1987. Four Indian-Americans have been selected to the prestigious US National Academy of Engineering (NAE) - Anil K. Jain, Arati Prabhakar, Ganesh Thakur and K R Sridhar.
  1988. Noted film director Aurobindo Mukherjee passed away.
  1989. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) released National Air Quality Indices (AQI) for 24 cities. Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) and Muzzafarpur (Bihar) were on top with an AQI value of 409 points each and were coded as severe in terms of air pollution. Delhi ranked 6th.
  1990. Gujarat state government will set up India's first aviation park near Bagodara village in Ahmedabad district to strengthen the aviation sector.
  1991. United States unveiled a cyber-security national action plan to boost security awareness amid of growing risks from new technologies. Under this action plan, President Obama in his budget request asked for 19 billion US dollars for cyber-security efforts.
  1992. Government sanctioned 580 crore rupees for Agartala-Akhaura railway link Project to connect Kolkata (West Bengal) with Tripura via Bangladesh. It is a 15 km long strategic railway route that would connect Indian and Bangladesh Railways.
  1993. UAE's Abu Dhabi National Oil (ADNOC) Company will store crude oil in Indias maiden Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPRs) storage. It will be first deal in which India has partner with other country for storing crude oil in SPR storage for emergency purpose.
    1. Strategic Petroleum Reserves - India is building underground SPR storages at Visakhapatnam (1.33 million tonnes capacity), Mangalore (1.5 million tonnes) and Padur (2.5 million tonnes) to store about 5.33 million tonnes of crude oil.
  1994. Indian-origin Harinder Sidhu has been appointed as Australian High Commissioner to India.
  1995. Indian-origin Person Davinder Singh has been named as Vice-Chairman of International Chamber of Commerce Commission (ICC) on Corporate Responsibility and Anti-corruption.
  1996. Ministry of Railways launched 3 IT (Information Technology) enabled apps.
    1. Hand Held Terminals for TTEs (Northern Railway)
    2. Paperless unreserved ticketing mobile application
    3. E-booking of disposable linen on trains
  1997. Noted Russian football Player Anatoly Ilyin passed away.
  1998. Karnataka's flagship mobile-one governance application won gold medal at fourth World Government Summit in Dubai (UAE) in m-governance category.
  1999. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and European Union (EU) signed an agreement to improve Cooperation in Cyber Defence to counter modern forms of hybrid warfare.
  2000. First phase of worlds largest concentrated solar power (CSP) plant launched in Morocco as part of Noor Ouarzazate Solar Complex to produce energy for over a million Moroccan households by 2018. Project will be implemented in 3 phases involving Noor I (160MW), Noor II (200MW) and Noor III (150MW).
  2001. Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) banned Pakistani umpire Asad Rauf for five years in IPL after being found for guilty corrupt practices.
  2002. Study claimed that extracts derived from neem tree can treat pancreatic cancer without harming normal cells.
  2003. Tamar Hahn (Israel) has been appointed as Director of United Nations Information Centre (UNIC).
  2004. Intellectual Property Index (IPI) by United States Chamber of Commerce (USCC)
    1. India ranked 37th among 38 countries. Venezuela ranked lowest (38th).
    2. Top 10 - US, UK, Germany, France, Sweden, Singapore, Switzerland, Australia, Japan and South Korea.
  2005. India's IT Firm Wipro has acquired US based healthcare technology firm HealthPlan Services for USD 460 million.
  2006. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has declared Wild Pig (sus scrofa) as vermin (अपराधी) in Uttarakhand for an year.
  2007. Canada, United States (US) and Mexico signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Climate Change and Energy Collaboration to tap into energy cooperation among three countries.
  2008. West Indies won their first ever ICC U-19 Cricket World Cup by defeating India. Event was hosted by Bangladesh.
  2009. Noted Malayalam poet and lyricist O N V Kurup passed away.
  2010. Vilas A. Tonapi is appointed as Director of Indian Institute of Millets Research (IIMR).
  2011. Scientist have discovered Gravitational Waves (GW) hypothesised by Albert Einstein in 1916. These waves were detected by scientists at LIGO(Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory) facilities in USA. These are produced by collision of two black holes located 1.3 billion light years away from earth.
  2012. Nagaland is changing, But film directed by Gurmeet Sapal has won Golden Beaver Best Film Award in institutional category and technical excellence award for best sound design at 6th National Science Film Festival in Mumbai.
  2013. India's Ambassador to Tajikistan Biraja Prasad passed away.
  2014. Bollywood actress Vidya Balan has been awarded with Pride of Kerala Award by World Malayalee Council and Kairali TV.
  2015. 69th British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Awards -
    1. Best Film - The Revenant
    2. Outstanding British Film - Brooklyn
    3. Best Director - Alejandro G. Inarritu (The Revenant)
    4. Best Actor - Leonardo DiCaprio (The Revenant)
    5. Best Actress - Brie Larson (Room)
    6. Best Supporting Actor - Mark Rylance (Bridge of Spies)
    7. Best Supporting Actress - Kate Winslet (Steve Jobs)
    8. Best Original Music - Ennio Morricone (The Hateful Eight)
    9. Best Visual Effects - Star Wars :The Force Awakens
    10. Best Animated Film - Inside Out
    11. Best Documentary - Amy
  2016. 10 February - National Deworming Day. Government launched National Deworming Initiative on this occasion, to benefit over 27 crore children.
  2017. Government approved Memorandum of Understanding with Singapore for Cooperation in Urban Planning and Governance.
  2018. Government approved nomination of Chief Executive Officer of NITI Aayog (Presently Amitabh kant) as part-time member of Telecom Commission in place of Secretary of erstwhile Planning Commission.
  2019. Government approved proposal for commitments under Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) of World Trade Organization (WTO). This agreement is part of WTO's Bali ministerial package 2013 containing provisions for expediting movement, release and clearance of goods including goods in transit.
  2020. Government approved LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory in India) science proposal for research on gravitational waves. LIGO-India project will establish a gravitational wave observatory in India in collaboration with LIGO Laboratory (USA). The Project is called IndIGO (Indian Initiative in Gravitational-wave Observations).
  2021. Government approved Agreement for co-operation in Traditional Medicine between Ministry of AYUSH and World Health Organization.
  2022. Government launched Geological Survey of India's (GSI) 'Operation Khanij Khoj' to speed up mineral exploration activity across India.
  2023. From 01-04-2016 onwards, Government announced to reset Interest rates of small savings such as Kisan Vikas Patra, National Savings Certificate and post office recurring deposit schemes every quarter to align it with market rates. It is expected to being Interest rates on these popular schemes.
  2024. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited commissioned a 101 MW (Mega Watt) gas-based Combined Cycle Power Plant (CCPP) at Monarchak in Tripura.
  2025. Devaraja Reddy is elected as President of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) for 1 year.
  2026. Sindh became first Pakistani province to adopt landmark Hindu Marriage Bill, 2015 in order to allow minority Hindu community to register their marriages.
  2027. 58th Annual Grammy Awards by Recording Academy -
    1. Best album of the year  - 1989 (Taylor Swift)
    2. Best record of the year  - Uptown Funk (Mark Ronson featuring Bruno Mars)
    3. Best song of the year  - Thinking Out Loud Ed Sheeran & Amy Wadge
    4. Best new artist – Meghan Trainor
    5. Children’s Album  - Home (Tim Kubart)
    6. Best Pop solo performance  - Thinking Out Loud (Ed Sheeran)
    7. Best Pop Duo/Group Performance  - Uptown Funk (Mark Ronson featuring Bruno Mars)
    8. Best Music Film - Indo-British filmmaker Asif Kapadia (Amy).
  2028. Government unveiled National Capital Goods Policy 2016 to upgrade capital goods sector and Make in India initiative. Key Features ar -
    1. Increase exports of capital goods from the current 27% to 40 % of production.
    2. Increase share of domestic capital goods production in terms of demand from 60% to 80% in order to make India a net exporter of capital goods.
    3. Enhance Indian made capital goods export through a ‘Heavy Industry Export & Market Development Assistance Scheme (HIEMDA)
  2029. Former United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali passed away.
  2030. Commemoration 200th Birth Anniversary of Tatya Tope, one of notable generals in India's First War of Independence (1857-58) observed in New Delhi.
  2031. India's first indigenously developed lightest revolver (gun) Nidar weighing 250 grams has been successfully launched. It has been manufactured by Rifle Factory Ishapore (West Bengal).
  2032. First long distance cargo train between Iran and China arrived in Iranian capital city Tehran, covering 9,500-kilometres.
  2033. India and Sweden inked Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Technical Cooperation in Rail Sector.
  2034. Finance Ministry launched Non-Tax Receipt Portal (NTRP) to electronically collect non-tax receipts as part of Digital India campaign. It has been develped by Office of Controller General of Accounts and will reduce manual work involved in non-tax revenues.
  2035. Noted music director Rajamani passed away.
  2036. Swachh Sarvekshan 2016 -
    1. Cleanliest Cities of India -
      1. Mysore (Karnataka) (Most Clean)
      2. Chandigarh
      3. Tiruchirapalli (Tamil Nadu) (Also ranked as best performer city in Behavioral change Communication)
      4. New Delhi
      5. Visakhapatnam
      6. Surat
      7. Rajkot
      8. Gangtok
      9. Pimpri Chinchwad
      10. Greater Mumbai
    2. Dirtiest Cities in India -
      1. Dhanbad (Jharkhand) (Dirtiest)
      2. Asansol
      3. Itanagar
      4. Patna
      5. Meerut
      6. Raipur
      7. Ghaziabad
      8. Jamshedpur
      9. Varanasi
      10. Kalyan Dombivili
  2037. NRDC has signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) with IACS for commercialisation of technologies and intellectual properties (IP) developed at IACS (Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science).
  2038. St. Petersburg Ladies Trophy -
    1. Singles - Roberta Vinci (Italy) won by defeating Belinda Bencic (Switzerland).
    2. Doubles - Indo-Swiss pair Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis won by defeating Russian-Czech team of Vera Dushevina and Barbora Krejcikova
  2039. Jharkhand became first state to auction two of its limestone blocks through an electronic platform after passage of MMDR Act by Parliament.
  2040. Virender Sehwag's Gemini Arabians defeated Brian Laras Leo Lions to win inaugural Masters Champions League Cricket title.
  2041. Jaipur International Airport became first one to develop a colour-coded map as part of Indian government easing rules for granting construction permits around airports and monuments by developing colour-coded maps, to give fillip to urban growth.
  2042. Rajasthan government launched an initiative called School on Wheels in Jaipur to educate tribal and nomadic children in association with NGO Taabar Society.
  2043. Chhattisgarh government launched Udyam Aakansha Scheme for promoting micro, small and medium enterprises in the stat.
  2044. According to recent data, India is biggest milk producer in world with 146.31 million tonnes produced in 2014-15. India is followed by USA, China, Pakistan and Brazil.
  2045. Thailand's Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn has been conferred with first world Sanskrit Award.
  2046. Maharashtra government will set up India's first international arbitration centre in Mumbai (Mumbai Centre for International Arbitration (MCIA)).
  2047. Actress Kajol has been appointed as part-time member of Prasar Bharati board.
  2048. Delhi Police partnered with ISRO for effective use of space technology-based tools (Crime Mapping, Analytics and Predictive System (CMAPS)) for ensuring internal security using a predictive policing and live crime mapping mechanism.
  2049. India's first disable friendly beach will come up at Tithal beach in Valsad (Gujarat).
  2050. Book A Kingdom For His Love, written by Vani Mahesh and Shinie Antony has been launched.
  2051. UNESCO world heritage site Elephanta Island (City of Caves, Maharashtra) will be completely electrified by Independence Day 2016.
  2052. Davinder Singh has been named as Vice-Chairman of International Chamber of Commerce Commission (ICC) on Corporate Responsibility and Anti- corruption.
  2053. Vedanta Group's owner Anil Agarwal has announced that his firm Twinstar Display Technologies will set up India's first LCD manufacturing facility (Panel FAB) in Maharashtra with investment of $10 billion.
  2054. Indian lawyer Abhinav Bhushan has been appointed as regional director for South Asia in International Court of Arbitration under International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).
  2055. Uttar Pradesh Land Revenue Act 2015 came into effect. It replaced 39 old land revenue acts and will enable Dalits to sell their land to non-Dalits without approval of administration.
  2056. Tamil Nandu Government announced Amma Kudineer Thittam scheme for supplying drinking water to those who cannot afford to buy purified drinking water.
  2057. Air vice marshal RD Mathur promoted to rank of Air marshal of Indian Air Force.
  2058. Saudi Arabia launched North Thunder at King Haled Military City (KKMC) with 20 countries from Arab, Islamic and friendly countries. Aim of this military Exercise is to preserve peace and stability in region and world.
  2059. Wworld's oldest aircraft carrier, INS Viraat will be converted into a luxury hotel to attract tourists once it is decommissioned from Indian Navy service in June 2016.
  2060. England will host Women's Cricket World Cup 2017 while final will be played at Lord's.
  2061. 13 February - World Radio Day. Theme for 2016 is Radio in Times of Emergency and Disaster. International Radio Fair 2016 held at Bhubaneswar (Odisha) on this occasion.
  2062. 6th National Science Film Festival & Competition (NSFF) held at Nehru Science Center in Mumbai, jointly organised by Nehru Science Centre and Vigyan Prasar.
  2063. Siachen Avalanche Survivor Lance Naik Hanamanthappa Passed Away.
  2064. Draft National Wildlife Action Plan (2017-2031) prepared by Committee under JC Kala has been released. Committee was constituted by MoEF (Ministry of Environment and Forests) to review implementation of National Wildlife Action Plan (2002-2016) and to suggest a new Plan of Action for Wildlife Conservation.
  2065. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has directed banks to accelerate provisioning requirement from April 1 2016 for existing stock of restructured stressed loans.
    1. Banks have to increase provisioning by 2.5 % every quarter starting April 1, 2016 so that by 2017.
    2. Banks have provided only 5 % for restructured loans on accounts identified by RBI. However, banks are not allowed to classify these accounts as non-performing assets.
    3. RBI has given four quarter to banks starting April 1, 2016 to make full provisioning for identified accounts.
  2066. Noted Composr and Pulitzer Winner, Leslie Bassett Passed Away.
  2067. India's Anirban Lahiri won Hilton Asian Tour Golfer of the Year award.
  2068. Lupin's CEO Vinita Gupta and MD Nilesh Gupta have been chosen for EY Entrepreneur Of Year 2015.
    1. They will now represent India at EY World Entrepreneur of Year Award (WEOY) in Monte Carlo in June 2016.
    2. Jury led by Adi Godrej selected the winners.
    3. F. C. Kohli, former Vice-Chairman of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is honored with Lifetime Achievement Award.
  2069. IT Firm Oracle's CEO Safra Catz visited India. Oracle will set up its campus in Bengaluru. It will be Oracle's second largest campus after USA.
  2070. US Trade and Development Agency signed MoU with Andhra Pradesh on funding for drawing up master plan for Visakhapatnam Smart City and consortium of US companies - AECOM, KPMG and IBM.
  2071. Delhi International Airport Ltd (DIAL) launched a mobile application 'DIAL Cargo' for cargo operations to reduce paperwork and track movement of shipments on real time basis.
  2072. Government will distribute 14 crore Soil Health card by March 2017. Steps taken to achieve the target -
    1. Foundation stone of Agriculture Technology Application Research Institute laid in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. New institute will work as the nodal agency of all Krishi Vigyan Kendras for three states.
  2073. Albert Pahimi Padacke is appointed as new prime minster of Chad (Central Africa).
  2074. American publishing company Time announced winners of inaugural TIME India awards -
    1. Best in class manufacturing - Tata Steel
    2. Manufacturing innovator of the year - Hero MotoCorp
    3. Young maker of the year - Yogesh and Rajesh Agrawal of Ajanta Pharma Limited
  2075. UK Sinha got one year extension as chief of India's capital and commodities market regulator SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India).
  2076. Mahamagam festival held in Kumbakonam (Tamil Nadu) with devotees taking holy dip in Mahamagam tank. This Festival comes once in 12 years is often termed equivalent to grand religious event Kumbha in Allahabad.
  2077. Apple will make 1st technology centre in India at Hyderabad at a cost of $25 million.
  2078. Yogesh Tyagi is appointed as Vice Chancellor of Delhi University (DU).
  2079. Sri Srinivasan will become first Indian-American Judge of U S Supreme Court. He will replace Justice Antonin Scalia after his passing away.
  2080. Uttar Pradesh Government will celebrate State Tourism day annually on February 14 to highlight its tourism potential.
  2081. LAMITYE 2016, the 7th Joint Military Training Exercise between Indian and Seychelles Peoples Defence Forces conducted at in Seychelles.
  2082. Banaras Hindu University (BHU) founded by Freedom fighter Pt Madan Mohan Malviya turned 100 years.
  2083. Indo-Nepal Battalion Level Combined Exercise Surya Kiran IX held.
  2084. India's Vice President Hamid Ansari Visit Thailand and Brunei.
  2085. US Based GFI (Global Financial Integrity)'s Black Money Report - Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2004-2013
    1. At $51 billion per annum, India ranks 4th in black money outflow.
    2. China is at top with $139 billion average outflow, followed by Russia ($104 billion) and Mexico ($52.8 billion).
    3. China also had largest illicit outflows of any country in 2013, amounting $258.64 billion in just one year.
  2086. 12th South Asian Games 2016 -
    1. Host cities - Guwahati (Assam) and Shillong (Meghalaya)
    2. Motto is Play for Peace, Progress and Prosperity
    3. Nations participating - 8, Athletes participating - 2,672
    4. Mascot - Tikhor (baby Rhino)
    5. India ended up as overall champions with record 308 medals (Gold - 188, Silver - 90 and Bronze - 30). Followed by Sri Lanka (186) and Pakistan (106 Medals)
    6. India also completed winning 1000 gold medals in South Asian Games.
    7. Nepal will host the 13th South Asian Games (SAG) in 2018.
  2087. Noted British television and radio personality Terry Wogan passed away.
  2088. International Swimming Federation (FINA) announced that Japanese city of Fukuoka will host 2021 World Aquatics Championships and Qatar's capital Doha will host 2023 event.
  2089. India's National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with RUSNANO OJSC of Russia to set-up Russia-India High Technology Private Equity Fund.
  2090. World Bank approved 35 million US dollars Loan for improving access to selected public services for state of Madhya Pradesh.
  2091. Government inaugurated construction of Borehole Geophysics Research Laboratory (BGRL) at Hazarmachi, Karad (Maharashtra). BGRL's Purpose is to address challenges of seismological problems (natural calamities) of societal relevance in Koyna Region through drilling investigation.
  2092. Supreme Court appointed a committee under former Chief Justice RM Lodha to sell assets of Pearls Agrotech Corporation Ltd (PACL) and refund 49 thousand crore rupees to investors.
  2093. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved Rajasthan Electronics and Instruments Limited (Jaipur) to delink from its parent company Instrumentation Limited and turn into an independent Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE) under Department of Heavy Industry.
  2094. European Commission (EC) and USA signed a new framework for transatlantic data flows, known as EU-US Privacy Shield and will enable government agencies to transfer data relied on by Facebook and Google across the Atlantic.
  2095. Odisha Government extended Aahar cheap meal scheme to 29 districts in State through 58 centres to provide subsidized food to urban poor.
  2096. Kerala's taxi cab service 'She-Taxi', country's first 24x7 taxi network by women for women, has won Chief Minister's Award for Innovation in Public Policy 2014 in 'developmental interventions' category.
  2097. Tea Board of India issued Version 5.0 of Plant Protection Code (PPC) by expanding list of pesticides and chemicals to 37 from previous 35. 2 new additions in list are Emamectin Benzoate 5 SG and Flubendiamide 20 WG.
  2098. European Union approved 3.3 billion Euros funding to Turkey for coping with issue of approx 3 Million Syrian migrants.
  2099. Odisha government lifted 3 year long ban on visit of foreign tourists to certain tribal areas.
  2100. United Nations Postal Administration launched six commemorative stamps to promote UN Free & Equal, a global United Nations campaign for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) equality.
  2101. First machin harvestable chickpea variety, NBeG 47 released in Andhra Pradesh by International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT). New variety will be harvested in just 75 minutes while normal process of harvesting 2.25 tons of chickpea takes 3 days.
  2102. Zimbabwe declared state of disaster in rural parts of country hit by a drought. It will allow international donors to raise money quickly to provide food aid to the nation.
  2103. Directors Guild of America (DGA) awards -
    1. Feature film - Alejandro Gonzalez (The Revenant)
    2. Drama series - David Nutter (Mother’s Mercy)
    3. Comedy series - Chris Addison (Election Night)
    4. Children’s award - Kenny Ortega (Descendants)
  2104. Storm Imogen battered parts of southern Britain with heavy rain and winds up to 96 miles per hour.
  2105. France become first country to ban supermarkets from throwing away or destroying unsold food, forcing them instead to donate it to charities and food banks.
  2106. Ministry of Tourism launched 24×7 Toll Free Multi-Lingual Tourist Info Line for international tourists in 12 international languages - English, Hindi, French, Arabic, Italian, German, Korean, Japanese, Portuguese, Chinese, Russian and Spanish.
  2107. Mukesh Ambani and Sam Pitroda have been elected to National Academy of Engineering (USA).
  2108. Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela appointed as Chief Justice of Bombay High Court.
  2109. Royal Navy of United Kingdom (UK) will officially study India's Huge humanitarian rescue operation in Yemen in 2015.
  2110. NASA announced that first launch of its new rocket, Space Launch System (SLS) with 13 CubeSats and an uncrewed Orion Spacecraft will be in 2018.
  2111. United Nations launched report One Humanity: Shared Responsibility, calling for a global campaign to prevent erosion of humanitarian law and protect civilians in conflict. First-ever World Humanitarian Summit will be held 23 May -24 May 2016 with theme One Humanity: Shared Responsibility.
  2112. Quinton de Kock (South Africa) became fastest to make 10 One Day International (ODI) centuries. He overtook virat kohli who took 80 innings to achieve this.
  2113. Bangladesh cancelled Chinas proposal to develop a deep sea port on Sonadia island that lies in Bay of Bengal. The island is seen as potential deepwater port that could serve thelandlocked parts of India, Myanmar and China.
  2114. Sikkim government announced to construct a Mini Sikkim in South Sikkim district, which will be a centre for showcasing state's diverse culture.
  2115. National Assembly, Lower House of Parliament of France passed proposal to strip people convicted of terrorist offences of their French nationality.
  2116. Marine Museum inaugurated at Marine Aquarium and Regional Centre (MARC) of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) in Digha(West Bengal), during 1 day Seminar on Coastal Zone Management and Marine Biodiversity at East Medinipur district of West Bengal.
  2117. YES Bank announced to tie-up with Smartbox Ecommerce Solutions for solving challenges related to last mile delivery for e-commerce firms. Yes bank will help power payment solutions for Smartbox network of Automated Parcel Delivery Terminals.
    1. Cash on delivery (COD) model accounts for over 50 % of e-commerce market which will reach of 100 billion USD by 2020.
  2118. UNESCO report Colour? What Colour? has been presented with measures to fight on racism and discrimination in football sport.
  2119. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) named Adele as Global Recording Artist of 2015 across all music formats.
  2120. Assam Government unveiled a draft document, 'Vision Assam-2030: Everything for Everyone-Achieving inclusive and Sustainable Development', aimed at ensuring sustainable development of state. With this, Assam became first state to have a vision document on sustainable development goals.
  2121. Two sportspersons from Odisha, Sprinter Jauna Murmu and archer Ranjit Nayak were included in Target Olympic Podium (TOP) Scheme of Government for 2016 and 2020 Olympic Games.
  2122. ICC Cricket for Good, United Nations Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) and BCCI launched clinics during ICC WT20 Host City Tour, aiming to build a social movement for sanitation across India.
  2123. 2016 UNESCO Medals -
    1. Name



      Isamu Akasaki


      Created the blue light-emitting diodes, which resulted in the discovery of white light sources for illumination.


      Lei Jiang


      Designed and fabricated the bio-inspired surfaces with specific wettability.

      Philippe Pernod


      Worked on active nanostructured magnetic and multiferroic films, Micro-Magneto-Electro-Mechanical Systems and their applications, and multistable nanostructures.


      Nicholas Kotov


      Worked on biometric self-organization of Nano colloids, ultra-strong nanocomposites, tissue engineering with nanomaterials, and nanoscale drugs.

      Gennady Krasnikov


      For his efforts to broaden the use of nanotechnologies in manufacturing industries

      Igor Ashurbeyli


      For his work in the field of the development of new generation microelectronic devices, information systems and technologies.


      Mikhail Dubina


      For his work in research and development of new medical technologies based on the use of nanostructures in the earlier on-line diagnostics as well as the creation of new nano biotechnological devices that could influence the   bioprocesses in the human body.


      Natalya Mikhaylova Russia For her work on the application of nanotechnologies in aesthetic medicine, in the fields of cosmetology, polysaccharide development, cancer therapy, reconstructive and plastic surgery.
  2124. West Bengal government launched Utkarsh Bangla Scheme, a welfare scheme for school-dropouts.
  2125. Indian Railways won 36th National Chess team Championship in Odishaby defeating Life Insurance Corporation (LIC).
  2126. South Korean state of Chungcheongbuk and Haryana signed a sister-statehood relationship for development.
  2127. Odisha government introduced a self-certifying scheme for non-hazardous industries to ease process of doing business by shortening inspection process in non-hazardous industries.
  2128. E-commerce Firm Amazon launched Tatkal, an initiative that enables small and medium businesses (SMBs) to go online and sell products on Amazon. It offers all selling related activities to be completed in about 60 minutes.
  2129. Jharkhand government and Adani Group signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for investment of 15000 crore rupees in state to set up a 1600 MW capacity thermal power plant.
  2130. Tata Motors, Bharat Forge and USA-based General Dynamics tied up for defense bid under Future Infantry Combat Vehicle programme. FICV involves development of compact combat vehicles for Indian Army with cost approx 10 billion USD, known as Indias largest indigenous defense program.
  2131. Renowned Indologist Professor David Shulman won prestigious Israel Prize for Religious Studies for his research into literature and culture of southern India.
  2132. United Nations and Colombia launched a new multi-partner trust fund to respond to stabilization and peacebuilding needs.
  2133. Tamil Nadu government announced free bus pass scheme for senior citizens.
  2134. Fashion designer Manish Arora awarded with Chevalier de la Legion dHonneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour), France's highest civilian honour.
  2135. Paani Foundation (started by Actor Aamir Khan)tied up with Maharashtra government to work for solving water crisis in state.
  2136. 4th India-Myanmar Coordinated Patrol (IMCOR) held in Andaman Sea along International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL).
  2137. Sergo Karapetyan, Armenian Agriculture Minister visited India and signed MoU on Agriculture Cooperation with India.
  2138. Eastern Command Hospital , Kolkata awarded with Best Service Hospital in Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS).
  2139. West Bengal Finance Minister Amit Mitra appointed as Chairman of Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers on Goods and Services Tax (GST).
  2140. Prasar Bharati signed MoU with Brazil's Empressa de Brazil Communicacao (EBC) for several broadcast related activities.
  2141. Google's Hi-Speed Inrernet Project Loon began its operations in Sri Lanka after first helium-filled balloon landed in Gampola town.
  2142. Noted singer Ustad Abdul Rashid Khan passed away.
  2143. Make in India event concluded in Mumbai(Maharashtra)
    1. Week-long event secured investment commitments of over 15 lakh crores. Maharashtra alone accounted for 8 lakh crore rupees investment.
    2. 102 countries represented in expo with over 8 lakh visitors.
    3. 17 Indian states and 3 countries - Germany, Sweden and Poland had pavilions in Make in India Centre.
  2144. Government approved amending section 9 of Representation of People Act, 1950 and section 11 of Delimitation Act, 2002 by introducing Election Laws (Amendment) Bill 2016.
    1. It will give voting rights to people who became Indian citizens after exchange of enclaves between India and Bangladesh. Election Commission will be able to carry out limited delimitation of Constituencies in Cooch Behar District of West Bengal.
  2145. Noted Malayalam writer Akbar Kakkattil passed away.
  2146. Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways launched Website for Maritime India Summit 2016 Maritime India Summit is scheduled to be held in Mumbai in April 2016.
  2147. Japan launched ASTRO-H space observation satellite to probe mysterious black holes.
  2148. State Bank of India (SBI) launched Japan Desk single window for inbound Japanese investments in India and vice-versa. It is first initiative that seeks to facilitate Japanese corporates looking to invest in India with banking and advisory services.
  2149. Government cuts interest rates on short-term small saving schemes below five years of maturity by 0.25 % including post office deposits and Kisan Vikas Patras to align interest rates on small savings with market rates and help economy move to lower overall interest rate regime. Interest rate on Employees’ Provident Fund also hiked to 8.8% from 8.75% .
  2150. Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar launched Environment Information System (ENVIS) ( portal and mobile application. ENVIS works on improving digital literacy in environment sector and deliver services digitally.
  2151. Scientists' team in US led by Indian-origin Ashutosh Tiwari discovered Tin Monoxide (SnO) conductor to replace silicon. SnO is a new 2D semiconducting material for electronics that opens door for speedier computers and smartphones that consume less power.
  2152. mRUPEE (Subsidiary of Tata Teleservices) tied up with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) to provide additional payment gateway for users.
  2153. South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL) will set up India's largest coal washery with capacity of 25 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) in Korba district of Chhattisgarh.
  2154. Dominic Thiem (Australia) won Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Argentina Open 2016 by defeating Nicolas Almagro (Spain).
  2155. Nepal's Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli visited India. Signed 7 Agreements with India -
    1. Post-earthquake reconstruction assistance - about utilization of USD 250 million Grant by India for nepal for for Post-earthquake reconstruction of Nepal.
    2. MOU for Strengthening of road infrastructure in Nepal, Performing arts:, Exchange on Transit Routes and Rail Transport etc.
  2156. India's Robin Chaurasiya, who runs a not-for-profit school in Mumbai for girls has been named in top 10 shortlisted for $1 Million Global Teacher Prize 2016.
  2157. Warren Richardson (Australia) Won World Press Photo of 2015.
  2158. Rio Haryanto will become Indonesia's first Formula One driver as will participate in Australian Grand Prix on 20 March 2016.
  2159. TAL Manufacturing Solutions(Tata Group company) will launch first ever India-made robot named Brabo, development at cost of Rs 10 crores.
  2160. Alok Verma will be appointed as new Delhi Police Commissioner.
  2161. Punjab government will sign MoU with British Pig Association (BPA) to promote piggery in the State.
  2162. Karnataka Bank won IBA Banking Technology Award in category of Best Risk and Fraud Management Initiative - Runner Up.
  2163. YES Bank partnered with UltraCash Technologies to launch payments processing through sound waves. UltraCash utilises a patent-pending technology through which payment data is securely transferred using unique ultra-high frequency sound waves.
  2164. Jayant Misra is appointed as Director General of Directorate of Revenue Intelligence.
  2165. e-Commerce Flipkart appointed Nitin Seth as its Chief People Officer.
  2166. Popular lyricist Sameer Anjaan incuded into Guinness Book of World Records for writing most number of Bollywood songs. He wrote 3,524 songs for 650 Bollywood movies.
  2167. Uber signed MoU with Maharashtra governments Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Department (SDED) to help create 75,000 entrepreneurship opportunities across state over 5 years.
  2168. World Bank announced $150 million aid to combat Zika Virus in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  2169. Nepal Government constituted a committee under Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Kamal Thapa to study demarcation of federal states on the constitution.
  2170. United States (US) approved new law imposing sanctions against North Korea titled North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016, aimed at punishing North Korea for its provocative recent nuclear test and rocket launch.
  2171. Former West Indies cricketer Andy Ganteaume passed away.
  2172. Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) commissioned a 270 MW generation unit at Goindwal Sahib Thermal Power Project of private producer GVK Power & Infra in Punjab.
  2173. February 20 - World Day of Social Justice.
  2174. Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan Government have set up Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV) for implementation of Smart City Plans for five cities – Jabalpur, Indore and Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh and Jaipur and Udaipur in Rajasthan.
  2175. Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association (HPCA) launched Swachh Himachal – Padhai bhi, Safai bhi campaign.
  2176. Second Vibrant North East event concluded in Guwahati (Assam). It was jointly organized by Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development (CARD) and ASSOCHAM.
  2177. Christine Lagarde from France has been appointed as Managing Director (MD) of the International Monetary Fund for second five-year term.
  2178. New Zealand's Cricketer Brendon McCullum scored fastest ever Test century off 54 balls, playing against Australia in his last international test match.
  2179. Noted Italian writer and philosopher Umberto Eco passed away.
  2180. Noted USA writer Harper Lee passed away, famous for her novel ‘To Kill a Mockingbird released in 1960.
  2181. United States International Trade Commission (USITC) imposed anti-dumping investigations into certain category of tyres imported from India and Sri Lanka.
  2182. Kalikho Pul has been appointed as 9th Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh.
  2183. Faustin Archange Touadera won 2016 Presidential election of Central African Republic.
  2184. Medaram Jatara tribal festival celebrated in Warangal district of Telangana.
  2185. Noted Malayalam novelist and short story writer Akbar Kakkattil passed away.
  2186. Indian Pharmaceutical giant Cipla acquired 2 US generic drug companies - InvaGen Pharmaceuticals and Exelan Pharmaceuticals.
  2187. Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Uma Bharti inaugurated Jal Manthan -2 with theme Integrated Approach for Sustainable Water Management.
  2188. World Bank decided to lend support to Rajasthan government on energy reforms.
  2189. Aditya Birla Nuvo tied up with Idea Cellular for creation of Aditya Birla Idea Payments Bank Ltd.
    1. As per norms by RBI, payments bank can accept deposits up to Rs 1 lakh from customers, issue ATM and debit cards, offer payments and remittance services, and act as a distributor of simple financial products such as mutual funds units and insurance products. Payments banks can not give loans.
  2190. Cricket Legend Sachin Tendulkars autobiography - Playing It My Way entered Limca Book of Records with 1,50,289 copies sold.
  2191. Sikkim Govt will introduce Contract farming in State alongwith One Village One Crop Scheme where one identified potential crop will be cultivated in each village.
  2192. Barack Obama became first U.S. president to visit Cuba in over 80 years.
  2193. 6 Indian Origin Persons won Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) by USA Government. Winners are - Shwetak Patel, Rahul Mangharam, Sachin Patel, Milind Kulkarni, Vikram Shyam and Kiran Musunuru.
  2194. Indian Air Force Chief Marshal Arup Raha Visited Bangladesh.
  2195. Election Commission of India hosted 4th Executive Board meeting of the Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) in New Delhi.
  2196. Bihar signed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) under Scheme UDAY – Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana” adn became 6th state for joining the Scheme.
  2197. Government launched Swachh Parayatan Mobile App and shall be monitored by Project Monitoring Unit of Swachh Bharat Mission in Ministry of Tourism.
  2198. Fiji got hit by heacy cyclone Winston.
  2199. Punjab Warriors won fourth edition of Coal India Hockey India League by defeating Kalinga Lancers.
  2200. Jayant Misra is appointed as Director General (DG) of Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI).
  2201. Noted Odia singer Bhubaneshwari Mishra passed away.
  2202. Vinay Kumar Singh appointed as Managing Director of National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC).
  2203. February 21 - International Mother Language Day. Theme for 2016 is Quality education, language(s) of instruction and learning outcomes.
  2204. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched National Rurban Mission (NRM) from Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh. Mission is also dubbed as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban mission (SPMRM) and aims to spur development in rural areas by developing cluster of 300 Smart Villages over 3 years. Coastal and plain areas must have population of 25000 - 50000 and Hilly, desert or tribal areas must have 5000 - 15000.
  2205. West Bengal government planning to get Geographical Indication (GI) tag for four traditional sweet delicacies of the state - Moa, Sarpuria, Mihidana and Sitabhog.
  2206. 66th Berlin International Film Festival (American actress Meryl Streep was President of Jury)
    1. Golden Bear - Italian documentary film Fuocoammare (Fire at Sea) directed by Gianfranco Rosi
    2. Honorary Golden Bear - Michael Ballhaus
    3. Silver Bear (best director) - Mia Hansen-Løve (France) for Things to Come
    4. Silver Bear (Best Actress) - Trine Dyrholm (Denmark) for The Commune
    5. Silver Bear (Best Actor) - Majd Mastoura (Tunisia) for Hedi
    6. Silver Bear (Best Script) - Tomasz Wasilewski for United States of Love
    7. Crystal Bear (best short film) - El inicio de Fabrizio for Argentinian film Fabrizios Initiation
    8. Malayalam film Ottal (The Trap) won best feature-length and best short films in children’s category
  2207. India1's Kumaravel Prem Kumar won silver in long jump in Asian Indoor Athletics Championships in Doha (Qatar).
  2208. KN Vyas appointed as Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) for three years.
  2209. Vineet Saran is appointed as Chief Justice of Orissa High Court.
  2210. Udai Kumar appointed as Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India (MSEI).
  2211. Tamil film Kanavu Variyam won 2016 Remi Award in United States. It has been directed and produced by Arun Chidambaram and Karthik Chidambaram.
  2212. India will host Asia Ministerial Conference on Tiger Conservation to save tigers. It will be third such conference on tiger conservation to be hosted by India.
  2213. World's first anti-rabies drug Rabies Human Monoclonal Antibody (RMAb) will be launched in India by Pune-based Serum Institute of India (SII).
  2214. Indian-origin person Ismail Mahomed from South Africa has been honored by Knight of the Order of Arts and Literature by France for his lifelong devotion to promotion of arts.
  2215. Pakistan's Parliament building in Islamabad became first in world to completely run on solar power.
  2216. 42nd Khajuraho Dance Festival began at Khajuraho in Chhatrapur District in Madhya Pradesh.
  2217. Fifth IBSAMAR 2016 trilateral naval exercise between Brazil, India and South Africa started in Goa.
  2218. India's first indigenously built nuclear armed submarine INS Arihant successfully passed several deep sea tests and became ready for formal induction into Indian Navy.
  2219. Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Dubai Exports to boost trade and explore business opportunities.
  2220. Indian-origin Sikh Amar Singh appointed as Police Commissioner of Malaysias capital Kuala Lumpur.
  2221. Ukraine's Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk Football Club became first European team to win Sait Nagjee International Club Football Tournament by defeating Brazilian FC Atletico Paranaense. It was held in Kerala.
  2222. Haryana became first state to complete aquifer mapping for its groundwater resources by May 2016. Aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing rock from which groundwater can be extracted.
  2223. As per report by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), India remains worlds largest arms importer, accounting for 14% of global arms imports in 2011-2015.
    1. Largest Importers - India (14%), China (4.7%), Australia (3.6%), Pakistan (3.3%), Vietnam (2.9%) and South Korea (2.6%).
    2. India has spent over 120 billion dollars on arms acquisitions over the last 15 years.
    3. United States is largest exporter, followed by Russia and China.
  2224. Government approved 150 million dollars credit for Development of strategically important Chabahar Port in Iran. Credit will be operationalized through EXIM Bank.
  2225. Government approved establishment of Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Self Employment and Talent Utilisation (SETU) in NITI Aayog. It seeks to give boost to innovation ecosystem and catalyse entrepreneurial spirit in country.
  2226. Subhro Kamal Mukherjee appointed as 28th Chief Justice of High Court of Karnataka.
  2227. To Boost Production, Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs hiked Minimum Support Price (MSP) of raw jute from 2,700 to 3,200 rupees per quintal for 2016-17.
  2228. Reserve Bank of India extended currency swap arrangement to South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) nations till November 2017. All 7 SAARC members - Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Maldives, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka can avail facility in which RBI offers swap amount of US 2 billion USD.
  2229. India's Yes Bank awarded with inaugural Green Bond Pioneer Award in United Kingdom for its efforts in Green Bonds market including issuance of India's first ever Green Infrastructure Bonds.
  2230. Government approved Agreement with Maldives for avoidance of double taxation of income from international air transport.
  2231. Government appointed former Chief Justice of India H L Dattu as new Chairman of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
  2232. Yoichiro Ueno appointed as President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Honda Cars India.
  2233. Hyderabad-based GVK Biosciences awarded Global CSR Excellence & Leadership Award in category of Best Environment Friendly Project for its Go Green, Grow Green plantation drive.
  2234. Second edition of Law and Sports in India-Development, Issues and Challenges written by Mukul Mudgal and Vidushpat Singhania launched.
  2235. Odisha Government launched Pucca Ghar Yojana for construction workers. Houses will be built for 50,000 construction workers with cost of Rs. 500 crore.
  2236. Government set up committee headed by Union Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu to look into demand of Jats for reservation in central government jobs.
  2237. China and Indonesia won Badminton Asia Team Championships in women and mens categories respectively in Hyderabad.
  2238. Rajendra Singh is appointed as Director General (DG) of Coast Guard.
  2239. Hurun (Shanghai-based) report on Billionaires across the world -
    1. Beijing is new Billionaire Capital, with now 100 billionaires living in Beijing (China). It left new york behind which has 95 Billionaires. Moscow third (66 billionaires).
    2. India now has total 111 Billionaires with Mukesh Ambani ($26 Billion) and Sub Pharma's Dilip Singhvi ($18 Billion) being top two. Cumulative Indian billionaires’ wealth is $308 billion.
    3. Globally, 99 new billionaires added in 2016 to take total billionaires to 2,188.
  2240. Dinesh Maheshwari sworn-in as chief justice of Meghalaya High Court.
  2241. Public Investment Board (PIB) cleared 800 crore porpsal for a payments bank to be started by India Post.
  2242. New Envoys Appointed - Sujan R. Chinoy (republic of Marshall Islands), Ketan Shukla (Botswana).
  2243. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways formed Empowered Group of State Transport Ministers to suggest measures to boost transport sector, improve public transport and minimise road accidents. It will be headed by Yunus Khan, the PWD and Transport Minister of Rajasthan.
  2244. Government sold 5 % stake in largest power producer NTPC to raise Rs 5,030 crore Government's Holding will now come down to 69.96 % (74.96 % currently).
  2245. 24 Feb - Central Excise Day.
  2246. Scientists discovered 5 new Jupiter-like planets similar to our solar systems biggest planet. Named - WASP-119 b, WASP-124 b, WASP-126 b, WASP-129 b and WASP-133 b.
  2247. Armenia's Agriculture Minister Sergo Karapetyan visited India.
  2248. Printing and IT solutions firm Ricoh (Japan) won order of Rs 344 crore from Kerala State Electronics Development Corporation to supply computer hardware to 2,000 government schools in Odisha.
  2249. Ri Myong Su Appointed New Military Chief Of North Korea.
  2250. ONGC approved investment of 5,050 crore in Tripura for producing 5.1 mmscmd gas from states fields, as part of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas' Hydrocarbon Vision 2030.
  2251. Katni (Madhya Pradesh) will have Indias longest railway bridge of 14 km in length (3.5 folds larger than Vembanad rail Bridge connecting Edappally and Vallarpadam). This Project under west central railways will take 5 years for completion with cost 600 crores.
  2252. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully tested high-thrust cryogenic engine CE-20 of GSLV Mark 3 (LVM3) rocket, paving way for first developmental flight of GSLV Mark 3 in December 2016.
  2253. UNDP Bangladesh appointed Cricket ODI and T20 Captain Mashrafe Bin Mortaza as United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP) national goodwill ambassador for youth.
  2254. Jet Airways appointed Rahul Taneja as chief people officer.
  2255. 18th Mercer Quality of Life study report -
    1. Austrias capital Vienna is best place in world to live, followed by Zurich, Auckland, Munich and Vancouver. Baghdad (Iraq) is worst.
    2. India - Hyderabad topped with 139th position, followed by Pune (144), Bangalore (145).
  2256. Facebook launched Telecom Infra Project,to develop new technologies to build and deploy telecom infrastructure. The Project is working on providing currently unserved rural communities with wireless network efforts.
  2257. Mastercard will launch new technologies to allow customers to authenticate their online purchases using selfies or fingerprints.
  2258. Government will set up wi-fi facilities at 25,000 spots by March 2016, up from 300 spots across India currently.
  2259. State Bank of India launched e-Smart SME, a working capital loan offering for sellers on ecommerce platforms. With this, sellers can apply for loan online on e-commerce platform and get instant sanctioning.
  2260. President Pranab Mukherjee dedicated India's first Information Technology (IT) co-operative society in UL CyberPark in Kozhikode, Kerala. He also inaugurated India's first Gender Park at Kozhikode.
  2261. Former Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) Vinod Rai is appointed as first Chairman of Banks Board Bureau (BBB).
    1. BBB will consist eminent professionals from public sector banks (PSBs) to replace Appointments Board of Government. BBB was announced by Government in August 2015 as part of 7 point Indradhanush Mission to revamp PSBs.
  2262. Noted pre-independence cricketer Bindiganavile Krishnaswamy Garudachar passed away at age of 99.
  2263. Gianni Infantino of Switzerland has been elected as new President of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), global governing body of football.
  2264. 13th World Spice Congress (WSC) began in Ahmedabad, Gujarat with theme Target 2020: Clean, Safe and Sustainable Supply Chain.
  2265. Committee under Ajay Shanka submitted its report to DIPP (Department Of Industrial Policy & Promotion) for examining Possibility of Replacing Multiple Prior Permissions with Pre-Existing Regulatory Mechanism.
  2266. Former DRDO Director-General (DG) Avinash Chander is awarded prestigious Aryabhata Award of Astronautical Society of India. He was chief architect of Agni series of ballistic missiles and is known as Agni man of India.
  2267. Government has appointed three Information Commissioners in Central Information Commission - Amitava Bhattacharya, Bimal Julka and Divya Prakash Sinha.
  2268. Government extended e-Tourist Visa Scheme to 37 more countries, to take total count of countries under scheme at 150.
  2269. Chemical scientist Goverdhan Mehta has been conferred with Germanys prestigious Cross of the Order of Merit (Bundesverdienstkreuz) Award.
  2270. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch countrys first solar mission called Aditya-L1.
    1. Aditya-L1 satellite will be placed in an orbit about 15 lakh kilometres from earth in a halo orbit around L1 Lagranian point. It will be launched by PSLV XL.
    2. Primary objective will be to study solar corona and chromosphere in different wavebands, dynamic nature of suns outer most layers, and collect data about Coronal Mass Ejections (CME).
  2271. India lost solar case against United States at World Trade Organisation (WTO) for breaching of international trade rules. WTO ruled that Indias domestic content requirement for National Solar Mission (NSM) discriminated against imported solar technology.
    1. About case - USA dragged India to WTO in 2013 alleging that domestic content requirement on solar power developers discriminated against American and other imported solar technology USA's solar equipments manufactured are looking India's NSM (National Solar Mission) as a big business potential. NSM has set ambitious target of generating 20,000 Mega Watts solar power by 2022.
  2272. India's Ministry of Science and Technology signed MoU with a United Kingdom (UK) for joint India-UK collaboration programme in crop science.
  2273. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is working to establishment a Satellite Tracking & Data Reception Station and Data Processing Facility for ASEAN Member countries in Vietnam.
  2274. Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu presented Railway Budget 2016-17. It was second railway budget for Suresh Prabhu and third rail budget of PM Narendra Modi. Highlights are -
    1. Capital plan for Budget is Rs 1.21 lakh crore.
    2. Operating ratio kept at 92% FY17 as against 90% in FY16.
    3. Target is to generate revenues of Rs.1,84,820 cr, 10.1% higher than current year.
    4. Theme of Budget - ‘Chalo, Milkar Kuch Naya Karen. Three pillars strategy - Nav Arjan, Nav Manak andNav Sanrachna.
    5. Railway Plans to generate 9 crore man-days employment by 2017-18 and 14 crore man-days by 2018-19.
    6. Railway Targets To commission 2800 km of new tracks in 2016-17.
    7. No new hike in passenger fares and Freight fares.
    8. New Initiatives For unreserved passenger
      1. Antyodaya Express - superfast unreserved service.
      2. Deen Dayalu unreserved coaches with more facilities.
    9. For Reserved Passengers -
      1. Humsafar Train - Air-conditioned service with an optional service for meals.
      2. Tejas Train - It will operate at speeds of 130 kmph and above with onboard services such as local cuisine, entertainment, WiFi, etc.
      3. UDAY (Utkrisht Double-Decker Air-conditioned Yatri) Express - Double-decker express on busiest routes with Potential to increase carrying capacity by almost 40%.
      4. SMART (Specially Modified Aesthetic Refreshing Travel) Coaches - coaches with more modern facilities.
    10. Cleanliness - SMS service ‘Clean my Coach, ranking of A1 and A railway stations based on passenger feedback.
    11. Awareness - Waste segregation, recycling centres, 30,000 bio-toilets etc.
    12. Women Quota - 33 % sub-quota for women will be provided under all reserved categories.
    13. Rail Mitra Sewa - Strengthening existing services for enabling passengers to book battery operated cars, porter services, etc. Expanding Sarathi Seva in Konkan Railway to help disabled and old passengers.
    14. Ticketing - Capacity of e-ticketing system has been enhanced from 2000 tickets per min to 7,200 per min. Introducing 1,780 ticket-vending machines.
    15. High Speed Rail - Mumbai to Ahmedabad will be undertaken with assistance of Japan.
    16. Developing Rail side logistics parks and warehousing in PPP mode, TRANSLOC (Transport Logistics Company of India) will develop 10 goods sheds in 2016-17.
    17. Indias first rail auto hub will be inaugurated in Chennai. Rail University will come at Vadodara, Gujarat.
    18. Process Improvements - Finalization of EPC projects standard document to implement at least 20 projects in 2016-17. In future, endeavouring all works valuing above Rs. 300 crore through EPC contracts.
    19. Rail Development Authority - It will be established as statutory body to enable fair pricing of railway services and promote competition, protect customer interests and determine efficiency standards.
    20. Tourism - Railways will partner with States for operating tourist circuit trains, promotion of tourism through UNESCO world heritage Railways and Railway museums.
    21. Railway budget allocation for Himachal Pradesh increased from 255 crore in 2015-16 to 310 crore in 2016-17.
    22. Setting up a R&D organization -‘SRESTHA (Special Railway Establishment for Strategic Technology & Holistic Advancement) for driving long term research. It will be independent from Research Design and Standards Organisation (RDSO) that tackles day to day issues.
    23. A Special Unit for Transportation Research and Analytics (SUTRA) would be set up for carrying out detailed analytics leading to optimized investment decisions and operations.
    24. An Innovation Committee would be set up Under Ratan Tata for seeking solutions to Indian Railway’s most critical problems through an Innovation Challenge.
    25. LIC to invest Rs. 1.5 lakh crore over 5 years.
    26. All unmanned level crossing to be eliminated by 2020.
  2275. President Pranab Mukherjee has formally declared Kerala as the countrys first digital state, on occasion of launching a digital empowerment campaign (Kanivu).
  2276. Noted pre-independence cricketer Bindiganavile Krishnaswamy Garudachar passed away at age of 99.
  2277. Noted Director Sanjay Leela Bhansali and actor Ranveer Singh have been chosen for 2016 Pandit Dinanath Mangeshkar Award.
  2278. Eastern coast of India will get its Sixth doppler radar in Gopalpur in Odisha to boost weather forecasting system.
  2279. 2016 Dubai ATP Tennis title -
    1. Men's Sunlges - Stan Wawrinka (Switzerland) won by defeating Marcos Baghdatis (Cyprus)
    2. Womens Singles - Sara Errani (Italy) won by defeating Barbora Strýcová (Czech Republic)
    3. Mens Doubles - Italian pair of Simone Bolelli and Andreas Seppi
    4. Womens Doubles - Chuang Chia-jung (Chinese Taipei) and Darija Jurak (Croatia)
  2280. Micro blogging site Twitter launched #Positionofstrength campaign in India to empower women to raise voices against any form of discrimination.
  2281. Government released Seismic Microzonation reports for Delhi and Kolkata, highlighting vulnerability of specific areas in these megacities and minimizing effects of earthquakes.
  2282. President Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated Kerala Tourisms Muziris Heritage Project (MHP) at Trissur to reinstate historical and cultural significance of Muziris.
  2283. Dinesh Sharma is elected as Chairperson of International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) (ROME).
  2284. 88th Academy Awards (Oscars) -
    1. Best Picture - Spotlight.
    2. Best Actor -Leonardo DiCaprio (The Revenant).
    3. Best Actress - Brie Larson (Room).
    4. Best Supporting Actor - Mark Rylance (Bridge of Spies).
    5. Best Supporting Actress - Alicia Vikander (The Danish Girl).
    6. Best Director - Alejandro G. Iñárritu (The Revenant).
    7. Best Original Song: Writings on the Wall (Spectre).
    8. Best Original Score: The Hateful Eight (Ennio Morricone).
    9. Best Foreign Language Film: Son of Saul (Hungary).
    10. Best Documentary Feature: Best Documentary Short Subject: A Girl in the River: The Price of Forgiveness.
    11. Best Animated Feature Film: Inside Out.
    12. Best Animated Short Film: Bear Story.
    13. Most awards: Mad Max: Fury Road (6 Awards) followed by The Revenant (3) and Spotlight (2).
    14. Most nominations in 88th Academy Awards: The Revenant (12), Mad Max: Fury Road (10) and The Martian (7)
    15. Other Awards -
      1. Best Makeup and Hairstyling: Lesley Vanderwalt, Elka (Mad Max: Fury Road).
      2. Best Costume Design: Jenny Beavan (Mad Max: Fury Road).
      3. Best Visual Effects: Mark Williams Ardington, Sara Bennett, Paul Norris and Andrew Whitehurst (Ex Machina).
      4. Best Editing: Margaret Sixel (Mad Max: Fury Road).
      5. Best Cinematography: Emmanuel Lubezki (The Revenant).
      6. Best Production Design: Colin Gibson and Lisa Thompson (Mad Max: Fury Road).
      7. Best Original Screenplay: Tom McCarthy (Spotlight).
      8. Best Adapted Screenplay: Adam McKay (The Big Short).
      9. Best Sound Editing: Mark A. Mangini and David White (Mad Max: Fury Road).
      10. Best Sound Mixing: Chris Jenkins, Gregg Rudloff and Ben Osmo (Mad Max: Fury Road).
  2285. Sound designer Resul Pookutty won prestigious American Motion Picture Sound Editors (MPSE) Golden Reel Award for documentary Indias Daughter, directed by Leslee Udwin and based on Delhi gangrape incident of December 2012.
  2286. Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) named Long distance runner Lalita Babar as Sports Person of Year in Sports Awards 2015 during Turf 2015-16. She has recently qualified for Rio Olympics in 3000m steeplechase event.
  2287. Kerala's Kasaragod became state's second district to be declared as Zero Landless District, after Kannur.
  2288. Scriptwriter Sagar Sarhadi to be honoured with Lifetime Achievement Award at 2nd International Film Festival of Prayag (IFFP).
  2289. Maharashtra Economic Development Council formed Deepak Naik committee to work towards reviving river Godavari.
  2290. Bengaluru based Ather Energy launched India's first electric scooter S340, that covers distance of 60 Km in one single charge and have Lithium Ion battery pack IP67.
  2291. New Zealand's Kathleen Cross and Clarie Polosak of Australia became first women umpires to be included in ICC Women's World Twenty20 cricket to be held in 2016.
  2292. Odisha government introduced 50 vehicles equipped with Global Positioning System (GPS) to transport medicines to hospitals in remote areas, under Niramaya Yojana.
  2293. NDDB foundation for Nutrition (NFN) launched its novel Gift Milk initiative to provide nutritional support for school children in Ranga Reddy District of Telangana.
  2294. Retirement fund body EPFO (Employees Provident Fund Organisation) tightened norms on withdrawal of provident fund and investment in Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana for its five crore subscribers -
    1. As per new norms, subscribers will not be able to claim withdrawal of their provident fund after attaining age of 54 years. Earlier, EPFO allowed claiming 90 % accumulations in PF account at age of 54 years. Now EPFO made it mandatory to wait till age of 57 for claiming PF for transferring it to the Insurance Corporation of India for investment in Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana.
    2. Now, Now subscribers can directly file their claims like PF withdrawals without attestation of present or previous employers.
  2295. Ashwini Nangia appointed as Director of CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune.
  2296. Japanese Carmaker Nissan has named Indian cricketer Rohit Sharma as their new global ambassador.
  2297. SEBI approved IDBI Bank to raise Rs 3,771 crore through issue of shares to qualified institutional playersa (QIP). It will reduce government's Holding in IDBI Bank by 36.6 % from currently 80.16 %.
  2298. Taxi aggregator Ola signed agreement with Uttar Pradesh government to create over 50,000 entrepreneurship opportunities across state.
  2299. OYO Rooms tied up with Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) to offer convenient booking platform to travellers. OYO Rooms will power IRCTC hotel-booking page, offering their inventory and standardised amenities to passengers, consisting approx 45,000 rooms in over 170 cities.
  2300. Diageo-controlled United Spirits USL) appointmed MK Sharma as chairman, after Vijay Mallya resigned from the post.
  2301. Economic Survey 2015 - 16
    1. GDP Growth - Growth rate of GDP at constant market prices will increase to 7.6% in 2015-16 from 7.2% in 2014-15. Real GDP growth for 2015-16 is expected to be 7% to 7.75%.
    2. GDP Components - Services Sector - 66.1%. Industry andf agriculture sector account of remaining 34% withb agricuture sector being 11 - 13 %.
      1. Services - 9.2 % (2015-16), 10.3 % (2014-15), 7.8 % (2013-14)
        1. India showed fastest service sector growth with a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 8.6% followed by China at 8.4%.
      2. Industry - 7.3 % (2015-16), 5.9 % (2014-15), 7.3 % (2013-14)
        1. Industrial sector broadly comprising mining, manufacturing and electricity attained 3.1 % growth during April-December 2015-16 as compared to 2.6 % during 2014- 15.
      3. Agricuture - 1.1 % (2015-16), -.2 % (2014-15), 4.2 % (2013-14)
    3. Over 122 lakh toilets constructed in rural areas since beginning of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) for improving sanitation in rural India.
    4. India's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) goals for renewable energy sector aim of achieving 60 GW of wind power and 100 GWs of solar power installed by 2022.
    5. Industrial sector performed well and growth is expected to strengthen to 7.3 % for 2015-16. Within industrial sector, manufacturing to register a growth of 9.5 5.
    6. JAM Trinity - Jan dhan, Aadhaar, Mobile can help in implementing large-scale Direct Benefit Transfers (DBTs) to improve economic lives of Indias poor. First variety of JAM- PAHAL scheme of transferring LPG subsidies via DBT has reduced leakages by 24 per cent. JAM has three Components - Identification or First-Mile (Identification of beneficiaries), Transfer or Middle-Mile (Transfer of fund to beneficiaries) and Access or Last-Mile (Access of fund by beneficiaries)
    7. Agriculture -
      1. India ranks first in milk production with 18.5 % of world production with milk production growth rate of 6.26 %.
      2. Percentage share of horticulture output in agriculture is over 33 %
      3. Share of plan outlay for horticulture, which was 3.9 % during 9th Plan, has increased to 4.6 % during 12th Plan.
    8. Labour Force -
      1. Proportion of economically active population (15- 59 years) increased from 57.7 to 63.3 % during 1991 to 2013.
      2. Employment growth in organized sector increased by 2% in 2012 over 2011
      3. As per Fourth Annual EmploymentUnemployment Survey by Labour Bureau, Unemployment Rate is 4.7 % in rural areas and 5.5% in urban areas while total unemployment rate reported is 4.9%. Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) is 52.5 %. 
      4. Under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, 3.63 crore households Were provided employment of 134.96 crore person days during Current Year.
    9. Human Capital -
      1. Expenditure on Social Services including Education, Health, Social Security etc was 7 % of GDP in 2014-15 while it was 6.5% during 2013-14. In this, 19.5 % was spent on Health.
    10. Climate Change -
      1. India has second highest number of projects registered under CDM of UNFCCC, with 1593 out of 7685 projects.
      2. National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC) has been established with cost of 350 crore for 2015-16 and 2016-17
    11. Food Security -
      1. According to 66th National Sample Survey (2009-10) - average dietary energy intake per person per day was 2147 Kcal for rural and 2123 Kcal for urban India
      2. India has second highest number of undernourished people (19.4 crore)
      3. Total Foodgrains Production stood at 253.16 million tonnes in 2015-16, higher than 252.02 MT in 2014-15
    12. Economy -
      1. Over 20 Crore bank accounts opened under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojan (PMJDY) and world’s largest direct benefit transfer programme in case of LPG with 15.1 crore people receiving 29000 crore.
      2. 4 R - Recognition, Recapitalization, Resolution, and reform required to resolve twin balance sheet challenge of Public Sector Banks (PSBs).
      3. Fiscal Deficit target of 3.9% for 2015-16 seems achievable.
      4. Total expenditure for 2015-16 was estimated at Rs.17.77 lakh crore which was 5.7 % higher than estimates of 2014-15.
      5. Direct taxes grew by 10.7% in the first 9 months of 2015-16 while indirect taxes were also pleasing.
      6. Aggregate capital expenditure increased by 0.6% in 2015-16
      7. During April-November 2015-16, FDI inflows were 34.8 billion USD as compared to 27.7 billion USD during April-November 2014-15.  FDI equity inflows also increased from 18.9 billion USD to 24.8 billion USD in same period.
      8. Overall exports declined by about 18% in the first three quarters
      9. Trade deficit declined to 106.8 billion USD in April-January 2015-16 from 119.6 billion USD in corresponding period of 2014-15. Exports remained 217.7 Billion USD (17.6% decline) and imports remained 324.5 billion USD (15.5% decline).
      10. India's Forex Reserves Stand at 351.5 Billion USD.
      11. By September 2015, India’s external debt was in safe limits, with long term debt being 82.2%. External debt to GDP ratio of 23.7% and debt service ratio of 7.5% in 2014-15.
      12. Out of the 23 states and UTs, services sector accounted for 87.5 % of Delhi’s GSDP, followed by Maharashtra at 63.8 %.
      13. Foreign Touruist Arrivals registered growth of 10.2 % and 9.7 % growth in Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEE) in 2014-15.
      14. Government’s plan to change 77 crore conventional bulbs and 3.5 crore conventional street lights with LED range would save Rs 45,500 crore by reducing 21,500 MW electricity demand
      15. Number of technology start ups grown by 40 % to over 4,200, making India 3rd largest base of technology start-ups in the world, creating 80000 jobs in 2015.
      16. CPI (Consumer Price Index Remained) 4.9 % in 2014-15 while WPI (Wholesale Price Index) remained -2.8%.
      17. IT-BPM sector touched share of 9.5% of GDP and over 45% in total services export in 2015-16.
    13. Power -
      1. During 2014-15, electricity generation was 1048.4 billion units (BU), registering growth of 8.4 %. 2014-15 had highest ever increase in generation capacity of 26.5 GW compared to average annual addition of around 19 GW over past 5 years.
      2. 3030 MW of grid-connected power generation capacity from renewable energy sources like solar and wind added during April – December 2015
    14. Roads -
      1. Under National Highways Development Project (NHDP), total 26, 177 km road has been completed as on 31 December 2015.
    15. Civil aviation -
      1. It witnessed improvement of 20.4 % in domestic traffic and 7.8 % in international traffic during April - November 2015-16.
  2302. Atul Kumar Jain appointed as Chief of Eastern Naval Command and Bimal Verma appointed as Chief of Andaman and Nicobar Naval Command.
  2303. February 28 - National Science Day. Theme for 2016 is Scientific Issues for Development of the Nation. It marks discovery of Raman Effect by Indian physicist Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (CV Raman) on February 28, 1928. This discovery was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
  2304. Ronnie O'Sullivan (UK) won Welsh Open snooker title by beating Neil Robertson (Australia).
  2305. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation apprpved construction of 82000 houses for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in urban areas of 163 cities of West Bengal, Telangana, Bihar, Mizoram, Rajashtan, Jharkhand and Uttarakhand.
  2306. Rio Open 2016 -
    1. Men's Singles - Pablo Cuevas (Uruguay)
    2. Women's Singles - Francesca Schiavone (Italy)
    3. Men's Doubles - Colombia 's Juan Sebastián Cabal and Robert Farah
    4. Women's Doubles - Verónica Cepede Royg (Paraguay) and María Irigoyen (Argentina)
  2307. Road to Resilience initiative of World Bank, under which a team undertook a bus trip along entire Indian coastline, covering 10000 kilometers. It provided chance to implement support for 6 coastal disaster management and climate resilience projects covering all 10 coastal states, supported by Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR).
  2308. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) cancelled certificate of registration of 26 non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) as per Section 45-IA (6) of Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.
  2309. Assam Government approved setting up Guwahati Metro Rail Corporation Limited (GMRCL).
    1. 203 kilometres Metro corridor will be completed in three phases. Phase I will cover a length 61.4 kilometres and 54 stations in first phase.
    2. Trains will have carrying capacity of 975 passengers. Estimated projected cost is 18020 crores.
  2310. National Food Security Act 2013 launched in Mizoram. State decided to allocate 3 kilogram of rice in addition to 5 kilogram covered by Food Security Act. Total 644882 people will be covered by Food Security Act.
  2311. West Bengal Government constituted two task forces for development of Adivasis and Gorkhas living in state. One task force will work for tribals of Terai-Dooars and other for Gorkhas in Darjeeling Hills region.
  2312. Australia won Trans-Tasman Cricket Trophy against New Zealand and became World Number 1 in ICC Test ranking.
  2313. Forbes released its inaugural 30 Under 30 Asia List, including 56 Indians -
    1. Some noted Indians inlcluded are - Sania Mirza, Virat Kohli, Saina Nehwal, Shraddha Kapoor (Actress), Arunima Sinha (Mountaineer), Ritesh Agarwal (Co-founder OYO Rooms).
  2314. Punjab government imposed a ban on sale of army uniforms across the state.
  2315. Hashim Thaci elected as president of Kosovo (Southeastern Europe). 
  2316. Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik elected as president of Biju Janata Dal (BJD) for 7th consecutive term.
  2317. Famous Tamil Comedy actor Kumarimuthu passed away.
  2318. Union Budget 2016-17 - Finance Minister Arun Jaitley presented Union Budget 2016-17 in Lok Sabha. It was second full year Budget of NDA government and Third budget of Arun Jaitley. Main Points are -
    1. Expenditures (Total 1978060 Crores) (9.02 % )
      1. Planned Expenditure - 550010 Crores
      2. Non-Planned Expenditure - 1428050 Crores.
    2. Receipts (Total 1978060 Crores) (9.02 % )
      1. Revenue Receipts - 1377022 Crores
        1. Tax Revenue - 1054101 Crore Rupees
        2. Non Tax Revenue - 322921 Crore Rupees
      2. Capital Receipts - 601038 Crore Rupees (Recoveries of Loans + Other Receipts + Borrowings and other liabilities)
    3. Revenue Deficit - 354015 (2.3 % of GDP), Definition - (Revenue Expenditure - Revenue Receipts)
    4. Fiscal Deficit - 533904 Crore Rupees (3.5% of GDP), Definition - (Total Expenditure - (Revenue Receipts + Recoveries of Loans + Other Receipts))
    5. Primary Deficit - 41234 Crore Rupees (.3 % of GDP), Definition - (Fiscal Deficit - Interest Payments)
    6. Capital Given to States - 937735 Crores (11% )
    7. Government Earning and Expenditure Structure -
      1. Earning (Every One Rupee earned by government) -
        1. 21 Paise - Borrowings & Other liabilities
        2. 19 Paise - Corporation-tax
        3. 14 Paise - Income-tax
        4. 13 Paise - Non-tax Revenue
        5. 12 Paise - Union Excise Duties
        6. 9 Paise - Customs
        7. 9 Paise - Service tax & other taxes
        8. 3 Paise - Non-debt Capital receipts
      2. Expenditure (Every One Rupee Spent by government) -
        1. 23 Paise - States' share of taxes & duties
        2. 19 Paise - Interest Payments
        3. 12 Paise - Central Plan
        4. 12 Paise - Other Non-Plan Expenditure
        5. 10 Paise - Subsidies
        6. 10 Paise - Defence
        7. 9 Paise - Plan Assistance to State & UT
        8. 5 Paise -Non-Plan Assistance to State & UT Govts.
    8. Central Assistance for State and Union Territory Plans - 241900 Crores (12 % of Total Expenditure)
    9. Centrally Sponsored Schemes Allocation - 226820 Crores (11 % of Total Expenditure)
      1. Core of Core Schemes -
        1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme - 38500 Crores
        2. National Social Assistance Programme - 9500 Crores
        3. Schemes for SC / ST / OBC / Minorities Development - 8186 Crores
      2. Core Schemes -
        1. National Education Mission - 28010 Crores
        2. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna - 20075 Crores
        3. National Health Mission - 20037 Crores
        4. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna - 19000 Crores
        5. Integrated Child Development Scheme - 16119 Crores
        6. Green Revolution - 12980 Crores (Krishonnati + Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna) Crores
        7. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan - 11300 Crores
        8. Mid-day Meal - 9700 Crores Crores
        9. Urban Rejuvenation Mission (AMRUT and Mission for Development of 100 Smart Cities) - 7295 Crores
        10. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojna - 5717 Crores Crores. Irrigation projects to get Rs 86500 over next five years.
        11. National Rural Drinking Water Programme - 5000 Crores
        12. National Livelihood Mission - 3325 Crores
        13. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana - 1700
        14. Rashtriya Swastha Suraksha Yojna - 1500 Crores
        15. Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme - 1439
        16. White Revolution - 1274 Crores Crores
        17. Blue Revolution - 575 Crores Crores
        18. Stard Up India. Stand up India - 1100 Crores
    10. Subsidies - 250432 Crores
    11. Defence Expenditure - 2.58 lakh crore (1.74 % of GDP)
    12. Taxation -
      1. No Change in Income Tax Slabs.
      2. Imposing a Cess, called Krishi Kalyan Cess of 0.5% on all taxable services. New effective service tax will be 15%.
      3. Raise tax rebate under section 87A from 2000 to 5000 for individuals with income upto 5 lakhs.
      4. Increase limit of deduction of rent paid under 80 GG from Rs 24,000 per annum to Rs 60,000 to provide relief to those who live in rented houses.
      5. Increase turnover limit under Presumptive taxation scheme to 2 crores as relief to a large number of assessees in MSME category.
      6. Service tax exemption for construction of affordable housing up to 60 sq. mt. under state and central housing schemes.
      7. Extend presumptive taxation scheme to professionals with gross receipt up to Rs 50 lakh with presumption of profit being half of gross receipt.
      8. 100% deduction of profits for 3 years for startups setup during April 2016 to March 2019.
      9. Rate of security transaction tax in auction to be increased from 0.17% to 0.15%.
      10. 1% infrastructure cess on small LPG cars.
      11. Clean energy cess for coal at Rs 400 per tonne (from 200 per tonne).
      12.  Limited tax compliance window offered from Jun 1 - Sep 30 for declaring undisclosed income at 45% including surcharge and penalties. It includes 7.5 % Krishi Kalyan Cess.
      13. Commitment to implement General Anti Avoidance Rules (GAAR) from 1.4.2017.
      14. Exemption of service tax on services provided under Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana and Niramaya Health Insurance Scheme launched by National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability.
      15. For investors receiving dividend over Rs 10 lakh per annum, an additinal tax of 10% of dividend amount in addition to applicable DDT (Dividend Distribution Tax).
      16. Surcharge to be raised from 12% to 15% on persons having income above 1 crore.
      17. New Dispute Resolution Scheme to be introduced. No penalty in respect of cases with disputed tax up to 10 lakh. Cases with disputed tax over 10 lakh to be subjected to 25% of minimum of imposable penalty.
      18. Penalty rates to be 50% of tax in case of underreporting of income and 200% of tax where there is misreporting of facts.
      19. 13 cesses, levied by various Ministries in which revenue collection is less than ` 50 crore in a year to be abolished.
      20. What Will be Costlier -
        1. Cigarettes - Excise duty increased by 10-15%
        2. Branded retail garment - 6% excise on price more than Rs.1,000.
        3. Cars - For cars of over 10 Lakh, 1% tax on gasoline engines, 2.5% tax on diesel and 4% tax on high engine-capacity and sports utility vehicles.
        4. Imitation jewellery - Basic customs duty increased from 10% to 15%.
        5. Mobile phones and accessories - exemption from basic customs duty, CV (countervailing) duty and SAD is being withdrawn. CV duty is imposed at 12.5% and SAD at 4%.
      21. What will be Cheaper
        1. Refrigerators - Basic customs duty on refrigerated containers being reduced 10% to 5% and excise duty reduced 12.5% to 6%.
        2. Solar lamps - Exempt from excise duty from 12.5% earlier.
        3. Perfumes and deodorants
    13. Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare -
      1. Total Allocation - 35984 Crores
      2. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana to cover 28.5 lakh hectares
      3. Long Term Irrigation Fund to be created in NABARD with initial corpus of 20,000 crores
      4. Programme for sustainable management of ground water resources with cost of 6,000 crore to be implemented through 3 multilateral funding
      5. To reduce burden of loan repayment on farmers, 15,000 crores alotted towards interest subvention.
      6. Prime Minister Fasal Bima Yojana - 5,500 crore
      7. 850 crore dairying projects - Pashudhan Sanjivani, Nakul Swasthya Patra, ‘E-Pashudhan Haat and National Genomic Centre for indigenous breeds
      8. Aim to double Farmers' earnings in 5 years.
      9. Agriculture credit target is 9 Lakh Crore for 2016-17
    14. Rural Sector
      1. 2.87 lakh crore as Aid to Gram Panchayats and Municipalities as per recommendations of 14th Finance Commission
      2. Allocation for rural sector - 87,765 crore
      3. Distressed Blocks to be takedn up under Deen Dayal Antyodaya Mission
      4. 100% village electrification by 1st May, 2018.
      5. New scheme Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan proposed with allocation of 655 crore.
    15. Social Sector and Health Care -
      1. Allocation for social sector including education and health care – 1,51,581 crore.
      2. 2,000 crore for providing LPG connections to BPL families.
      3. New health protection scheme will provide health cover up to One lakh per family. For senior citizens an additional package up to 30,000 will be provided.
      4. 3,000 Stores under Prime Minister’s Jan Aushadhi Yojana will be opened during 2016-17.
      5. Stand Up India Scheme to facilitate at least 2 projects per bank branch, to benefit min 2.5 lakh entrepreneurs.
      6. Allocation of 100 crore each for celebrating Birth Centenary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay and 350th Birth Anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh
    16. Education, Skills and Job Creation
      1. 62 new Navodaya Vidyalayas will be opened
      2. Higher Education Financing Agency to be set-up with initial capital base of 1000 Crores
      3. Government will pay 8.33% for of all new employees enrolling in EPFO for first 3 years of employment. Budget provision of 1000 crore for this scheme.
      4. 1500 Multi Skill Training Institutes to be set-up
      5. 1804 Crores alloted for skill development.
      6. Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) will be created to empower Higher Educational Institutions so that they become world class. It will be set up an initial capital base of 1000 crore rupees.
      7. Digital Literacy Mission Scheme to be launched to spread digital literacy in rural India. It is in addition to existing National Digital Literacy Mission and Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (DISHA) and will cover 6 crore households by the end of 2018-19.
    17. Transport and Infrastructure -
      1. Total investment in road sector including PMGSY is 97,000 crore during 2016-17. Total outlay for infrastructure is 2,21,246 crore.
      2. 100% FDI through FIPB route in marketing of food products manufactured in India.
      3. Govt plans to revive 160 airports; each to cost Rs 50-100 cr.
    18. Financial Reforms
      1. Amendments in SARFAESI Act 2002 (Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest ) to enable sponsor of an ARC (Asset Reconstruction Company) to hold up to 100% stake in ARC and permit non institutional investors to invest in Securitization Receipts.
      2. Allocation of 25,000 crore for recapitalisation of Public Sector Banks.
      3. Target of amount sanctioned under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana increased to 1,80,000 crore.
      4. General Insurance Companies owned by Government to be listed in stock exchanges.
      5. Impose tax at time of withdrawal on 60% of contributions made after April 1, 2016, to EPF and other schemes. At present, social security schemes of EPFO are tax free. Withdrawal from NPS corpus of up to 40% at the time of retirement has been made tax exempt.
      6. Raise exemption limit from Rs 1 to 1.5 lakh for annual contribution in superannuation fund and non-levy on taxes upon death of an employee under NPS.
      7. 100% deduction for profits of a housing project for flats upto 30 sq. metres in four metro cities and 60 sq. metres in other cities, approved during June 2016 to March 2019.
      8. First-time home buyers will get a deduction of an additional interest of Rs 50,000 per annum for loan upto Rs 35 lakh, during 2016-17, provided the house value does not exceed Rs 50 lakh.
    19. Ease of Doing Business
      1. Bill for Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services by using the Aadhar framework to be introduced, it will provide Aadhaar a legal tag for Larger Role.
      2. Price Stabilisation Fund with of 900 crores to help maintain stable prices of Pulses.
      3. Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat programme to link States and Districts in an annual programme that connects people through exchanges in language, trade, culture, travel and tourism.
  2319. Per capita income of India at current prices for 2015-16 is Rs.93,231, as compated to Rs 86,879 in 2014-15.
  2320. Ramendra Kumar and Gurudas Dasgupta re-elected as President and General Secretary respectively of the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC). 
  2321. Government appointed a one person committee under Kamlesh Chandra, Retired Member of Postal Services Board, to Review Wage Structure of Gramin Dak Sevaks.
  2322. Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria appointed as Deputy Chief of Air Staff of Indian Air Force.
  2323. India signed an agreement with World bank for IDA assistance of US$ 50 million for Nai Manzil- Education and Skills Training for Minorities programme. Total project budget is 100 million USD.
  2324. Ministry of Home Affairs enhanced honorarium of Special Police Officers (SPOs) of Jammu and Kashmir to 6000 from Rs. 3000 per month. The honorarium is given by State Government and reimbursed by Central Government under Security Related Expenditure (SRE) scheme.
  2325. A Pakistani Artist, Adnan Sami has been presented with Certificate of Naturalization by Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju. It grants Adnan with the citizenship of India.
  2326. Ministry of information and broadcasting constituted a committee under noted film-maker Shyam Benegal to suggest measures to revamp workings of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) in line with best practices followed globally.
  2327. PM Narendra Modi inaugurated 21st International Conference on Frontiers in Yoga Research and its applications (INCOFYRA) at Jigani (Bengaluru).
  2328. BCCI Awards 2014-2015
    1. C.K. Nayudu Lifetime Achievement -Syed Mujtaba Hussain Kirmani
    2. Polly Umrigar Award - Virat Kohli (Cricketer of The Year)
    3. A. Chidambaram Trophy for Best Cricketer - Almas Shaukat (Under-23), Anmolpreet Singh (Under 19), Shubman Gill (Under 16)
    4. A. Chidambaram Trophy Best Woman Cricketer: Mithali Raj (Sr), Devika Vaidya (jr)
    5. Lala Amarnath Award for Best all-rounder - Jalaj Saxena (Ranji Trophy), Deepak Hooda (Domestic Limited-Overs)
    6. Madhavrao Scindia Award Highest Scorer in Ranji Trophy - Robin Uthappa (Karnataka)
    7. Madhavrao Scindia Award Highest Wicket-Taker in Ranji Trophy - R Vinaykumar, Shardul Thakur
    8. Best Umpire In Domestic - O Nandan
    9. Best Overall Performance - Karnataka State Cricket Association
  2329. Indian-origin cancer research expert Harpal Singh Kumar has been honoured with Knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II for his influential work on prevention and treatment of cancer.
  2330. Indias gas importer Petronet LNG signed a contract with RasGas of Qatar to import gas at significantly lower price (6-7 dollar per million British thermal units (mmBtu) ) than earlier (12-13 dollar mmBtu). Under the contract, Rasgas will supply 7.5 million tonnes of LNG to India until April 2028.
  2331. India and Pakistan exchanged list of nuclear installations under Agreement on Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear installations. This exchange is done on 1st of January every year. It was 25th such exchange, starting in 1992.
  2332. India won 2015 South Asian Football Federation (SAFF) championship for record seventh time. In finals played at Thiruvanantapuram (Kerala), India defeated Afghanistan by 2-1 score.
  2333. Government will start LPG - like Direct Benefit Transfer scheme for kerosene from 1st April 2016, Initially in 26 districts of eight states. Under the scheme, People will buy kerosene at market rate and will get subsidy directly in their bank accounts. Subsidy paid will be difference between Public Distribution System (PDS) price and market rate of kerosene.
  2334. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Hyderabad-based National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) for web-based monitoring of watershed projects.
    1. Web-based monitoring will be undertaken for India-German Watershed Development (IGWDP) projects in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Telangana.
    2. NRSC will create a page for NABARD on Bhuvan web-portal and will develop software tools for real time monitoring of projects.
  2335. India's mountaineer Arunima Sinha successfully scaled Mount Aconcagua in Argentina as 5th successful summit of her Mission 7 Summits. She became First Female amputee in world to climb 5 highest Mountains of the World. Mt. Aconcagua (6,960.8 metres) is highest mountain outside Asia.
  2336. Noted Classical vocalist Sanjay Subrahmanyam has been conferred with prestigious 2015 Sangita Kalanidhi award by Madras Music Academy in Chennai.
  2337. Ilaiyaraja has been selected for Kerala Tourism’s Nishagandhi Puraskaram 2016. Award carries Rs 150000, citation and a statuette.
  2338. Noted Communist Party of India (CPI) leader Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan passed away.
  2339. German - American software engineer Ian Murdock passed away. He was founder of Debian GNU/Linux distribution project, one of Linux’s most popular open-source operating systems.
  2340. Presdent Pranab Mukherjee given assent to five key bills -
    1. Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Act, 2015 - Facilitates an arbitrator will have to settle a case within 18 months.
    2. Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015 - Aims to prohibit commission of offences against members of SCs and STs and establishing special courts for trial cases of such offences.
    3. Atomic Energy (Amendment) Act, 2015 - It will allow Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) to have joint ventures with other public sector undertakings in nuclear field.
    4. Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Act, 2015 - Enhances monthly bonus calculation ceiling to Rs. 7,000 per month from Rs. 3,500. It also enhances eligibility limit for payment of bonus from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 21,000 per month.
    5. Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts Act, 2015 - It enables setting up commercial benches in select high courts.
  2341. India asked Iran for early completion all necessary procedures for India's participation in $5 billion Farzad-B gas field project, during Iranian Finance Minister Ali Taiebnia's Visit to India.
  2342. Paris based Reporters Without Borders (RWB) stated that India is Asias deadliest country for journalists. Out of 110 journalist dying in 2015, 9 were Indians.
  2343. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) suspended its InSight Mars mission due to vacuum leak in critical seismometer instrument. It was scheduled to lift off in March 2016.
  2344. D.K.Hota to be new CMD of defence PSU BEML (Bharat Earth Movers Limited).
  2345. Indian spinner Ravichandran Ashwin became No. 1 Test bowler in latest ICC Rankings.
  2346. Magnus Carlsen (Norway) won Qatar Masters Open chess tournament.
  2347. RBI asked Banks to open more branches in villages with no banking facilities and population over 5000.
  2348. Telangana become first state to accept e-motor insurance policies (e-Vahan Bima).
  2349. According to the 2011 census, Sikh community have lowest sex ratio with 828 girls on every 1000 boys in age of 0 - 6 years. Jains have second worst sex ratio (889), followed by Hindu (913), Muslim (943) and Christians (958). Overall child sex ratio in country was 918 girls against 1,000 boys.
  2350. Jetha Bharwad elected as first Vice-Chairman of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) that sells its dairy products under brand name Amul.
  2351. PM Narendra Modi inaugurated five-day 103rd Indian Science Congress (January 3 to 7, 2016) in Mysore (Karnataka) Theme of ISC 2016 is Science and Technology for Indigenous Development in India.
  2352. Atul Sobti took charge as CMD of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) for a period of five years.
  2353. Javed Ahmed appointed as Director General of Police (DGP) of Uttar Pradesh.
  2354. Four States - Uttar Pradesh , Bihar , Odisha and Maharashtra joined UDAY (Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana). So far, 15 States /UTs have voluntarily joined UDAY which covers 90 % of total debt of Discoms.
  2355. IT Firm Wipro appointed Abid Ali Z. Neemuchwala as new Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and T K Kurien elevated as Vice Chairman.
  2356. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) imposed penalty of 1 crore on State Bank of Travancore for violation of RBI Norms.
  2357. Friendship bus service between India and Nepal flagged off via Uttarakhand after a gap of 27 years.
  2358. Justice RM Lodha Committee submitted its report to Supreme Court suggesting reforms in Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
    1. No Minister or government servant should become a BCCI office-bearer.
    2. BCCI officers' term should not exceed more than two consecutive terms and no one will hold more than two posts at the same time.
    3. One association from each state should be a member of the BCCI.
    4. Members like Railways and Services who don't have competitive presence should be relegated to affiliate status without voting rights.
    5. A steering committee headed by G K Pillai with Mohinder Amarnath, Diana Eduljee and Anil Kumble as members should be created to decide on creating a Players' association.
    6. Management of the BCCI should be conducted by a CEO, who should be assisted by six managers.
    7. Creation of 3 Committees for smooth functioning of BCCI - Ombudsman, Ethics Officer and Electoral Officer.
  2359. Andhra Pradesh government launched Janma Bhoomi – Maa Vooru (My native place – My village) campaign to focus on welfare schemes across the state.
  2360. Tamil Nadu government launched Amma Seeds scheme to provide certified quality seeds to farmers to increase agricultural production.
  2361. Paytm acquired Shifu for $8 million (about 50 crore) to offer more personalised user experience. Shifu is a context-aware personal assistant application. It mines smartphone usage patterns and makes personalised recommendations.
  2362. India successfully test-fired Pinaka II multi barrel rocket launcher (MBRL) System at Pokhran in Rajasthan. Pinaka is an unguided rocket system capable of neutralising large areas with rapid salvos. Range of Pinaka II is 60 km.
  2363. Indian consulate in Afghanistan city of Mazar-i-Sharif attacked by unidentified gunmen.
  2364. LIC is offering a new limited-premium non-linked and with-profit endowment assurance plan Jeevan Labh from ages 8 to 59 years. Premium is payable for a limited period while risk is covered for whole policy term. Plan is available. Maximum age at maturity is 75 years.
  2365. Pakistani Terrorists attacked IAF Airbase at Pathankot (Punjab).
  2366. England's cricketer Matthew Hobden passed away.
  2367. Minister of State (IC) for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy Piyush Goyal announced setting up of CCL (Central Coalfields Limited) Sports University in Jharkhand with capacity of 1400 students and 15 sports academies.
  2368. 4 January - World Braille Day. Marks birth anniversary of Louis Braille (04-01-1809).
  2369. Central Government, Jharkhand state Government and JBVNL (Jharkhand Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) under the UDAY (Ujjwal Discom Assurance Yojana) Scheme. It is First MOU Signed under UDAY.
  2370. Former Chief Justice of India Sarosh Homi Kapadia passed away.
  2371. Friends of Marine Life (FML) NGO Workers discovered fast-growing alien species Snowflake Coral (Carijoa riisei) off coast of Thiruvananthpuram and Kanyakumari.
  2372. Denmark's pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk appointed Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar as brand ambassador for disease awareness campaign 'Changing Diabetes' initiated by Novo Nordisk in India.
  2373. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) won 26th Lal Bahadur Shastri Hockey tournament by defeating Indian Railways.
  2374. Filippo Grandi (Italy) has been appointed as UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
  2375. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) announced discovery of synthetic elements with atomic numbers 113, 115, 117 and 118. These eleents complete 7th row of periodic table. IUPAC has invited suggestions related to permanent names and symbols from scientists who discovered these.Temporary Naming of elements is -
    1. Element 113 - Temporary working name - ununtrium, Symbol - Uut
    2. Element 115 - Temporary working name - ununpentium, Symbol - Uup
    3. Element 117 - Temporary working name - ununseptium, Symbol - Uus
    4. Element 118 - Temporary working name - ununoctium, Symbol - Uuo
  2376. State election commission of Bihar announced that having toilets at home for all candidates to contest in panchayat elections.
  2377. Union Ministry of Shipping will launch River Information System (RIS) for Inland Waterways to improve navigation as government is set to expand the network across the country through National Waterways Bill, 2015.
  2378. Mary Barra elected as Chairman of General Motors (GM) Board of Directors.
  2379. Nokia Corporation completed acquiring French telecom equipment company Alca-Lucent for 15.6 billion euros.
  2380. Professional networking platform LinkedIn appointed Akshay Kothari as Country Manager for India.
  2381. Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das inaugurated state's land bank web portal,, that will help investors know land-related information.
  2382. Sterlite Grid commissioned Transmission Project to Rajasthan Atomic Power Project (RAPP) ahead of schedule under Tariff Based Competitive Bidding (TBCB) incentive regime.  RAPP is first power transmission line to be been commissioned ahead of schedule since implementation of TBCB scheme.
  2383. Supreme Court directed Gujarat government to make functional the Gujarat State Cooperative Tribunal by filling up vacant posts.
  2384. Costa Book Awards 2015 -
    1. First Novel Award - The Loney by Andrew Michael Hurley
    2. Novel Award - A God in Ruins by Kate Atkinson
    3. Biography - The Invention of Nature: The Adventures of Alexander Von Humboldt, The Lost Hero of Science by Andrea Wulf
    4. Poetry - 40 Sonnets by Don Paterson
    5. Children's Book - The Lie Tree by Frances Hardinge
  2385. IRB Infrastructure Developers got tender for 10050 crore Zojila Pass tunnel road project in Jammu and Kashmir. This tunnel project is countrys biggest road project by cost. Zojila Pass tunnel (14.08 KM) will be longest in South Asia once completed. Presently, Chenani-Nashri tunnel (9 km) is countrys longest road tunnel.
  2386. Ministry of Road Transport & Highways decided to skip BS V Emission Norms and upgrade from BS-IV to BS-VI emission norms directly by 01-04-2020.
  2387. Government approved India-Bahrain Agreement on Cooperation in Combating Terrorism and Trafficking in Illicit Drugs, Narcotic and Psychotropic Substances and Precursors Chemicals.
  2388. Government approved creation of a Credit Guarantee Fund for Micro Units Development Refinance Agency (MUDRA) loans and to convert MUDRA Ltd. into MUDRA Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) Bank as a wholly owned subsidiary of SIDBI. The Fund is expected to guarantee more than Rs 1,00,000 crore worth of loans to micro and small units in the first instance.
  2389. Government approved "Stand Up India" scheme to foster entrepreneurship among 250,000 women and scheduled castes and tribes people, with a corpus of Rs.10,000 crore, and extend loans up to Rs.1 crore for new projects.
  2390. Government approved a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in Civil Aviation with Singapore.
  2391. Competition Commission of India approved Reliance Capital Asset Management's takeover of Goldman Sachss mutual funds and exchange-traded funds business in India for 7132 crore rupees.
  2392. Government launched Ganga Gram Yojana to develop 1600 villages in Uttar Pradesh (UP) situated along banks of Ganga River.
  2393. Government approved Memorandum of Understanding with Bangladesh for Mode of Operation of Border haats on India-Bangladesh Border signed in 2010.
  2394. Government approved 33 % posts of Constables for women in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) to enhance their representation.
  2395. Government abolished export duty on iron ore pellets to make it more competitive amid weakening prices due to subdued demand.
  2396. 15-year-old cricketer Pranav Dhanawade created world record by scoring 1009 runs (not out) in HT Bhandari Cup, an under-16 inter-school tournament in Mumbai (Maharashtra).
  2397. Andhra Bank launched Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) at all its branches across to provide inter-bank electronic fund transfer service.
  2398. Book Jinnah Often Came To Our House, written by Kiran Doshi has been released.
  2399. Forty-five Indian - origin people named in Forbes' annual list of global achievers under age of 30, out of total 600 names.
  2400. Australia withdrew from Under-19 Cricket World Cup Tournament to be held in Bangladesh due to security reasons.
  2401. Wayne Rooney has been voted 2015 England Player of the Year for fourth time.
  2402. Book Go Set a Watchman written by Harper Lee topped 2015 US bestseller list with Around 1.6 million copies sold.
  2403. World's largest blue star sapphire that weighs 1404.49 carats has been discovered in a mine in Sri Lanka. It is worth 100 million USD.
  2404. Indian shooter Apurvi Chandela broke world record (score 211.2) as she won gold in the women's 10 metre air rifle event at Swedish Cup Grand Prix.
  2405. Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Passed Away.
  2406. INS Kadmatt, second ship of Project Kamorta class Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Corvettes has been commissioned into Indian Navy.
  2407. For the first time in history of India's Republic Day parade, a contingent of 130 French soldiers will march down the Rajpath along with Indian troops in presence of France's President Francoise Hollande who will be chief guest this year.
  2408. Amitabh Kant appointed as CEO of NITI Aayog.
  2409. Shri Sailesh has been appointed as Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2410. 24th New Delhi World Book Fair started with China as Guest of Honour country. Theme is Vivid Bharat – Diverse India.
  2411. Book MARU BHARAT SARU BHARAT (My India Noble India ) written by Jain Acharya Ratnasundersuriswarji Maharaj has been released.
  2412. Noted Gujarati writer and poet Labhshankar Thakar passed away.
  2413. Sam Pitroda has been appointed as Technology Advisor to Odisha Government.
  2414. ICICI Bank partnered with FINO PayTech to foray into payments bank space.
    1. FINO Paytech is among 10 entities that have received licence from RBI to start a payment bank.
    2. ICICI Group purchased about 16 % stake in FINO PayTech.
    3. Tie-up with ICICI Bank will help FINO to extend services which a payments bank is not allowed to offer.
  2415. India - France Joint military exercise Shakti-2016 began in Rajasthan.
  2416. Government decided to merge Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs with Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), to avoid duplication of work and improve efficiency.
  2417. Government appointed Devender Kumar Sikri as Chairman of Competition Commission of India (CCI).
  2418. Government reappointed Urjit Patel as Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for a second three-year term.
  2419. Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan has been conferred with Central Banker of the Year Award (Global and Asia Pacific) 2016 by The Banker, a monthly publication of Financial Times Group.
  2420. 2016 Brisbane International Tennis -
    1. Men's Singles - Milos Raonic (Canada)
    2. Women's Singles - Victoria Azarenka (Belarus)
    3. Men's Doubles - Henri Kontinen (Finland ) / John Peers (Australia)
    4. Women's Doubles - Martina Hingis (Switzerland ) / Sania Mirza (India)
  2421. Global Economic Prospect report by World Bank -
    1. India's Growth Rate in 2016 will be 7.8 % and 7.9 % in 2017 and 2018. Also, Failure to pass Goods and Services Tax bill may hamper governments ability to increase infrastructure spending.
    2. China will grow at 6.7 % in 2016 and 6.5 % in 2017 and 2018.
    3. South Asia Region will be a bright spot in developing economies with growth rate up to 7.3 % in 2016
  2422. Telangana government started 600 MW Kakatiya thermal power plant Stage-II at Bhoopalapally in Warangal district. It is first major power plant to be commissioned i Telangana after State's formation in June 2014.
  2423. Noted poet Balkrishna Garg has been honoured with second Harikrishna Devsare Baalsahitya Award 2015 for his collection of poems for children - BaalGeet.
  2424. Government permitted jallikattu, Tamil Nadus traditional bull-taming sport, ahead of the Pongal festival. It was prohibited in 2011.
  2425. World's first slum museum will be set up in Mumbai. It will showcase some of myriad of objects produced in Dharavi (Mumbai), one of Asia’s biggest slums.
  2426. According to Badminton World Federation (BWF) rankings, Indian Siril Verma is been ranked as World No. 1 in junior men's singles category.
  2427. Achyuta Samanta is appointed as President of the 105th Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) for 2017-18.
  2428. According to international real estate consultant JLL - Delhi and Mumbai are among world's top 30 most powerful, productive and connected cities. Mumbai is ranked 22nd while Delhi is 24th. List is topped by Tokyo (Japan).
  2429. Industry body Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) appointed Kunal Shah(FreeCharge co-founder) as its chairman.
  2430. Pavan Kapoor is appointed as India's ambassador to Israel.
  2431. AB Khare is appointed as Chairman and Managing Director of Madras Fertilzers Limited.
  2432. Cab aggregator Uber started a new partnership 'uberExchange' with Invest India to provide mentorship for Indian entrepreneurs.
  2433. Kerala Government approved implementation of Sampoorna Arogya Keralam Project with objective of bringing together major health services initiated by Keralas Government.
  2434. National Academy of Sciences of India will set up a Cauvery river gallery in Mysuru (Karnataka).
  2435. Quikr acquired property search website for an undisclosed amount.
  2436. North Korea claimed to have successfully tested a Hydrogen bomb (kind of a Nuclear Bomb). The strong explosion caused earthquake measuring about 5.1 on richter scale.
  2437. International electronics and technology trade show Consumer Electronics Show (CES) That brings together renowned companies and industry professionals under one roof, held in Nevada (USA).
  2438. International Short Film Festival srarted in Warangal (Telangana).
  2439. ISRO chairman A.S. Kiran Kumar received Reva University's Lifetime Achievement Award.
  2440. Bhanumurthy B M is appointed as chief operating officer (COO) of WIPRO.
  2441. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas launched an online initiative to seek suggestions from LPG consumers, which will help in providing efficient and friendly service.
  2442. Israeli journalist Gideon Levy and Palestinian pastor Mitri Raheb won 2015 Olof Palme human rights prize for their fight against occupation and violence.
  2443. 10 Jan - 11th World Hindi Day.
  2444. Jin Liqun, President Designate of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (Headquarters - Beijing(China)) visited India.
  2445. Government approved New crop Insurance scheme - Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, aimed at farmers welfare.
    1. There will be a uniform premium of 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops, 1.5% for Rabi crops and 5 % for commercial and horticultural crops.
    2. There is no upper limit on Government subsidy and no capping on premium rate like it was before.
  2446. Government approved India becoming a member country of International Energy Agency - Ocean Energy Systems (IEA-OES). This will help in testing Indian prototypes as per international requirements and norms.
    1. Its an Inter-governmental organization established in 1974 as per framework of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Presently has 29 member countries with Headquarters in Paris (France).
  2447. Government approved setting up an Empowered Committee of Secretaries under Chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary in order to process recommendations of 7th Central Pay Commission (CPC) in an overall perspective.
  2448. Government approved Memorandum of Understanding with Maldives for cooperation in field of Health.
  2449. India signed a loan agreement of about Rs. 1000 crore with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for pollution abatement of River Mula-Mutha in Pune under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP). Interest rate is 0.30% per annum.
  2450. Japanese Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry, Motoo Hayashi visited India for participating in 8th India-Japan Energy Dialogue.
  2451. NHAI signed Memorandum of Understanding with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) under Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and North East Centre for Technology Application and Research (NECTAR) for use of spatial technology for monitoring and managing National Highways.
  2452. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASAs) Kepler spacecraft discovered over 100 planets orbiting other stars.
  2453. Telangana beceme first State to introduce compulsory gender education at the graduate level. State government introduced bilingual textbook Towards a World of Equals in this regard.
  2454. Noted Hindi writer and journalist Ravindra Kalia passed away.
  2455. Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (Hisar, Haryana) Scientists successfully produced a cloned buffalo offspring named Cirb Gaurav. CIRB became India's second (after National Dairy Research Institute) and world's third institute to produce cloned buffalo.
  2456. Stanislas Wawrinka (Switzerland) won 2016 Chennai Open tennis by defeating Borna Coric (Croatia). Its his 4th chennai open win.
  2457. E-commerce firm Flipkart appointed co-founder Binny Bansal as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) while formr CEO Sachin Bansal will be appointed as Executive Chairman.
  2458. 73rd Golden Globe Awards -
    1. The Revenant won 3 awards while The Martian and Steve Jobs won 2 awards each.
    2. Picture (Drama) - The Revenant
    3. Picture (Musical/Comedy) - The Martian
    4. Director(Drama): Alejandro Inarritu (The Revenant).
    5. Actor (Drama) - Leonardo DiCaprio (The Revenant)
    6. Actress (Drama) - Brie Larson (Room)
    7. Actor (Musical / Comedy) - Matt Damon (The Martian)
    8. Actress (Musical / Comedy) - Jennifer Lawrence (Joy)
    9. Actor in a Supporting role - Sylvester Stallone (Creed)
    10. Actress in a Supporting role - Kate Winslet (Steve Jobs)
    11. Original Score - Ennio Morricone (The Hateful Eight)
    12. Foreign Language Film - Son of Saul (Hungary)
  2459. Noted Musician David Bowie (USA) passed away.
  2460. Jacob-Farj-Rafael Jacob passed away. He was vital in Indias victory in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.
  2461. The first female F1 (Formula One) driver Maria Teresa de Filippis (Italy) passed away.
  2462. Kerala become first state to achieve 100 % primary education. Kerala was able to achieve it through its flagship primary education equivalency drive Athulyam Scheme.
  2463. World Health Organization declared end of Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa.
  2464. Indias grid-connected solar power generation capacity crossed 5,000 Mega Watt.
    1. Government plans to achieve 175 Giga Watt (GW) of power generation capacity from renewable sources by 2022. It includes 100 GW from solar and 60 GW from wind.
    2. Under National Solar Mission, Government increased solar power generation capacity target from 20,000 MW to 100 GW by 2022.
    3. Top grid-connected states are Rajasthan (1,264.35 MW) and Gujarat (1,024.15 MW).
  2465. State Bank of India launched dedicated specialized branch for start-ups called SBI InCube in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
  2466. 15th Joint exercise of Indian and Japanese Coast Guards - Sahayog-Kaijin 2016 started in Bay of Bengal.
  2467. President Pranab Mukherjee approved Sugar Cess (Amendment) Bill 2015 to raise the ceiling of a cess as an excise duty on the production of sugar. The Bill proposes to increase ceiling of sugar to Rs 200 per quintal from existing Rs 25 per quintal specified in principal Sugar Cess Act 1982.
  2468. Chinas country code domain .cn become worlds most commonly used in internet by surpassing Germanys .dedomain. According to the data by China Internet Network Information Centre (CNNIC) - .Cn had 1.63 crore users.
  2469. Asia's oldest stock exchange - BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) will get its own postage stamp. BSE recently became fastest stock exchange clocking a median trade speed of six micro seconds.
  2470. Nati folk dance of Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh named in Guinness World Records Book as the largest folk dance in world. Kullu Dussehra is a centuries-old festival, dedicated to the girl child. In colourful Kullu folk dance (Nati), 20000 dancers performed at Dhalpur ground during Kullu Dussehra festival on October 26, 2015.
  2471. 20th National Youth Festival organized in Naya Raipur (Chhattisgarh) with mascot being state animal of Chhattisgarh - Wild Buffalo.
  2472. Vijay Chaudhari won 59th Maharashtra Kesri Wrestling Championship.
  2473. Argentina's Lionel Messi won 2015 Ballon dOr award for worlds best football player for record fifth time. USAs Carli Lloyd won women's world player of the year award.
  2474. Government constituted a committee under Arvind Panagariya (vice-chairman of NITI Aayog) to faten the implementation of Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail Corridor meant for bullet trains between Mumbai-Ahmedabad.
  2475. 12 Jan - Birth Anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. It is celebrated as National Youth Day in India.
  2476. Andhra Pradesh government organised Flamingo Festival from 9-10 January, 2016, to create awareness on conservation of these rare species.
  2477. Australia Green won Hopman Cup 28th edition by defeatig Ukraine in Australia.
  2478. Border Security Force launched Operation Cold along border in Rajasthan;s several areas with Pakistan to contain any infiltration in fog and cold wave weather conditions in western desert.
  2479. Employees' Provident Fund Organisation won National Award on e-Governance 2015-16 for launching Universal Account Number (UAN).
  2480. Nagjee International Club Football Tournament will be held in Kerala in February 2016. Brazil's Ronaldinho Gaucho will be its Brand Ambassador.
  2481. Mohammedan Football Club bestowed life-time membership to Actor Amitabh Bachchan. It is one of oldest and leading football clubs in India.
  2482. Telangana Deputy Chief Minister Mohammed Mahmood Ali received World Peace and Prosperity Foundation Award 2016 from World Peace and Prosperity Foundation (London).
  2483. A T Kearneys 2016 Global Services Location Index rated India as top outsourcing destination in terms of financial attractiveness and business environment, out of 55 countries analysed. India is followed by China and Malaysia.
  2484. Illumina, world's largest DNA sequencing company launched GRAIL to develop blood-based cancer tests.
  2485. Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited signed Memorandum of Understanding with Andhra Pradesh government for investment of 38500 crore rupees to take up various projects at Visakhapatnam. It was signed during 22nd Confederate of Indian Industry (CII) Partnership Summit in Vishakhapatnam.
  2486. Airbus Group appointed Ashish Saraf as Vice-President (Industry Development, Strategic Partnerships and Offsets). He will look over Group's existing Make in India initiatives.
  2487. Organised by the Pune Construction Engineering Research Foundation (PCERF), 2016's Constro exhibition held in Pune with focus on Smart City concept.
  2488. Asian Development Bank will extend a $625 million loan for proposed $840 million Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor.
  2489. Railways inaugurated E-enabled Track Management System (TMS) and Mobile Application of TMS to bring efficiency in handling huge volumes of data statistics and dynamic analysis of various resources. Track Inventory Management System was also launched on Northern Railway to track materials inventory, construction and track machines organization in 225 units of Northern Railway.
  2490. Book Jawaharlal Nehru and The Indian Polity in Perspective, edited by Prof Alexander with contributions from several eminent persons. It was released by Vice President Hamid Ansari.
  2491. Chinese technology company Lenovo announced partnership with Google for project Tango. Lenovo will launch new smartphones that can map Physical world surroundings without external signals like satellite-based global positioning system (GPS). Googles Project Tango gives a mobile device the ability to navigate physical world, similar to humans.
  2492. Conference of Quadrilateral Coordination Group (QCG) on Afghan Peace and Reconciliation process was held in Islamabad (Pakistan).
  2493. Reliance Defence Limited will set up a world class naval facility in Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) with Initial investment of 5000 crore rupees.
  2494. Prestigious Yale School of Management (USA) named its deanship in honour of PepsiCos India-born CEO Indra Nooyi as she gifted undisclosed amount to her alma mater (Yale School of Management).
  2495. Sikkim become India's first fully organic state by converting around 75,000 hectares of agricultural land into sustainable cultivation.
  2496. R Shivakumar appointed as Chairman of Assocham Karnataka Regional Council, new regional outfit of Assocham.
  2497. Subhashini Vasanth honoured with Neerja Bhanot Award for her endeavour to help people in distress and for empowering widows of martyrs and their families.
  2498. Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar launched two safety and awareness initiatives by Mumbai Railway Police - SAMEEP (Safety Alert Messages Exclusively For Passengers) and B-SAFE.
  2499. 11-year-old Indian-origin girl in UK, Kashmea Wahi achieved top possible score of 162 on a IQ test of Mensa. It has put her in league of scientists like Albert Einstein and Steven Hawking.
  2500. Indian Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar visited Sri Lanka.
  2501. A new social security agreement signed between India and Australia came into operation, enabling people of both nations to avail retirement benefits in each others country.
  2502. Walid Muallem, Syria's foreign minister Visited India.
  2503. As per a decision by NTPC and Odisha Pollution Control Board, Thermal Power companies in Odisha will have to transport fly ash free of cost to road construction site within 100 kms perimeter of their plant.
  2504. Philippines' Miguel Tabuena voted as Hilton Asian Tour Golfer of Month for December 2015.
  2505. South Korea's Parliament adopted a resolution, denouncing Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)'s fourth nuclear test and urging DPRK to dismantle its nuclear programme.
  2506. Maharashtra Government issued norms for erecting memorials of national leaders, freedom fighters and politicians. The guidelines say that There will not be more than 2 memorials of a national leader in the state, both in 2 separate administrative divisions.
  2507. Kenya published new broadcast regulations that place strict limits on sexual content, In order to protect children.
  2508. Paul Kaba Thieba is named as Prime Minister of Burkina Faso.
  2509. International team of scientists led by Indian-American Sukanya Chakrabarti devised a new method - galactoseismology, to detect dwarf galaxies dominated by dark matter.
  2510. United States and Jordan signed a Joint Action Plan to improve efforts against nuclear and radiological smuggling.
  2511. U.S. India Business Council (USIBC) selected Edward Monser and Punit Renjen as Council board members.
  2512. Minister for Fertilizers and Chemicals Ananth Kumar announced sanction of greenfield petrochemical complex, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) in Visakhapatnam and a Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology (CIPET) in Vijayawada.
  2513. Nepal elected to UNICEF executive board, representing group of Asia-Pacific countries for 2016-2018. Nepal's Permanent Representative to United Nations (UN), Durga Prasad Bhattarai elected as vice-president to Bureau of Executive Board of UNICEF for 2016.
  2514. Kayaker Rene Holten Poulsen named as Denmarks sportsperson of the year 2015.
  2515. Defence Acquisition Council approved major changes in new Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016.
    1. It allows government funds up to 90 % of development costs to private companies to push research and innovation.
    2. A new category will be created to promote domestic manufacturing and it will be mandatory for 40 % of content to be sourced locally.
    3. Validity of Acceptance of Necessity has been brought down to six months from earlier one year. It will help the defence forces to issue tenders faster.
  2516. Jharkhand government added ongoing crisis of drinking water in list of special local disasters of the State.
  2517. Shipping Minister Nitin Gadkari inaugurated Mumbai Port Trust's second liquid chemical berth at Mumbai. Cargo handling capacity of the Port will increase by 2.5 MMT (Million Metric Tonnes) per annum.
  2518. 15 January - Indian Army Day. On this day in 1949, Lt. General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa became first Indian Commander-in-Chief of Indian Army (independent India) by succeeding British Army General Roy Butcher (last British Commander-in-Chief of India).
  2519. For speedy trial of cases relating to witchcraft incidents, Jharkhand Government decided to set up fast track courts in five districts.
  2520. Madhya Pradesh Government signed four MOUs with Singapore to collaborate in urban planning, skill development, clean energy and food processing.
  2521. Book Objective Railway Engineering- Track, Works & Others has been issued. It Has been written by MM Agarwal.
  2522. Russia's Marat Safin has been inducted into International Tennis Hall of Fame.
  2523. Nepal Government formed a 4-member eminent persons group to look into India-Nepal ties in totality and review all bilateral treaties with India.
  2524. Government signed a loan agreement with World Bank for Neeranchal National Watershed Project. Total budget of Project is 2142 crore rupees, of which 50 % will be povided by World Bank.
  2525. Noted Actors Kamal Hassan and Gautam Ghosh included in Shyam Benegal Committee on functioning of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
  2526. Prime Minister Narendra Modi conferred Times Now Amazing Indians Awards 2016 -



    Late Kallen Pokkudan

    The Eco Saviours

    S Ramakrishnan

    Unstoppable Indians

    Sunita Aralikar

    Stree Shakthi

    Popatrao Pawar

    The Grass Roots Soldiers


    Indian at Heart

    Chintakindi Mallesham

    Incredible Innovators

    Malavath Poorna

    Young Indians, Big Achievements

    Damini Sen

    Young Indians, Big Achievements

    Murugan S

    Ordinary Indians,Extraordinary Achievement

    Mathews K Mathew

     Energising India

    Yashraj Khaitan

     Global Indians

    Ruma Roka

     Educators of India

  2527. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) Report Trends in International Migrant Stock : The 2015 Revision -
    1. Number of international migrants reached 24.4 crore in 2015 (41 % increase compared to 2000).
    2. India has largest diaspora with 1.6 crore Indisna living outside India.
    3. 17.7 crore of 24.4 crore migrants are of working age (20 - 64), 2 crore migrants are refugees.
    4. In Europe, Northern America and Oceania, international migrants are over 10 % of population.
    5. In in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Caribbean, less than 2 % of population are migrants.
    6. USA has 19 % of all migrants, followed by Germany, Russia, Saudi Arabia, UK and UAE.
  2528. Railways Minsiter Suresh Prabhu Visited USA.
  2529. Government will introduce a new category of award - Most Film Friendly State/UT under National Film Awards to be conferred at the 63rd National Film Awards in May 2016.
  2530. Govrnment increased Rate of basic customs duty on certain specified medical devices from 5% to 7.5% along with additional customs duty on these medical devices being 4%. Basic customs duty is being reduced to 2.5%.
  2531. Government approved establishment of two National Centres of Ageing-one each at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, and Madras Medical College, Chennai.
  2532. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched PSLV-C31 carrying IRNSS-1E, Indias fifth navigation satellite out of seven satellites constituting India Regional Navigation Satellite System.
  2533. Book The Z Factor written by Subhash Chandra has been released.
  2534. Memorandum of Understanding signed between Indian Space Research Organization and Kuwait Institute of Scientific Research for cooperation in area of outer space.
  2535. Government approved Memorandum of Understanding with United Kingdom in field of Public Administration and Governance Reforms.
  2536. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved setting up over 5,000 MW of Grid-Connected Solar PV Power Projects on build under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM). Total investments expected under this scheme is about Rs 30,000 crore.
  2537. India Signed Loan Agreement with World Bank for US$ 250 million aid for Bihar Kosi Basin Development Project.
  2538. India Signed Loan Agreement with World Bank for US$ 250 million aid for Jhelum and Tawi Flood Recovery Project.
  2539. Noted Indian classical dancer Mrinalini Sarabhai passed away.
  2540. Mr. Soomilduth Sunil Bholah, Minister of Business, Enterprises and Cooperatives of Mauritius Visited India for 1st Joint Committee Meeting with India. Mauritius exclusively offered Biofarming Technology to India.
  2541. Joint Navy Exercise Between India and Oman - NASEEM AL BAHR Started.
  2542. Atulesh Jindal is appointed as Chairman of Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
  2543. Government launched skill development programme for Muslim girls in Jammu and Kashmir under its Nai Manzil initiative.
  2544. WTA Apia Internatioanl Title -
    1. Women's Doubles - Sania Mirza (India) and Martina Hingis (Switzerland)
    2. Men's Singles - Viktor Troicki
    3. Women's Singles - Svetlana Kuznetsova
  2545. 61st Britannia Filmfare Awards -
    1. Bajirao Mastani won most awards (8).
    2. Best Actor: Ranveer Singh (Bajirao Mastani)
    3. Best Actress: Deepika Padukone (Piku)
    4. Best Film: Bajirao Mastani
    5. Best Director: Sanjay Leela Bhansali (Bajirao Mastani).
    6. Lifetime Achievement : Moushumi Chatterjee
    7. Best Debutant (Male): Sooraj Pancholi (Hero)
    8. Best Debutant (Female): Bhumi Pednekar (Dum Laga Ke Haisha)
    9. Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Female): Priyanka Chopra (Bajirao mastani)
    10. Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Male): Anil kapoor (Dil Dhadakne Do)
    11. Best Singer (male): Arijit Singh (Sooraj dooba hai from ‘Roy’)
    12. Best Singer (female): Shreya Ghoshal (Deewani mastani from ‘Bajirao Mastani’)
    13. Best Choreography: Birju Maharaj (Bajirao Mastani)
  2546. Tsai Ing-wen has been elected as first female and 14th President of Taiwan.
  2547. Noted filmmaker Anil Ganguly passed away.
  2548. Madhya Pradesh won Union Government's Krishi Karman Award in maximum food grains production category for year 2014-15 for 4th consecutive year. MP produced 328 lakh tonnes foodgrains in 2013-14 period. Other winners are - Chhattisgarh(growth in production of pulses), West Bengal (good agriculture production), Odisha (best performing state in foodgrains production among category-II states).
  2549. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) officially started in Beijing (China) with Total 57 member nations and 100 billion USD Capital -
    1. Lou Jiwei elected as first Chairman of Bank’s Council and Jin Liqun elected its first President.
    2. China is highest contributor with 30.34 % stake in authorized capital and 26.06 % voting rights. India is second largest shareholder with 8.52 % stake and voting share of 7.5 %.
    3. India’s Dinesh Sharma has been elected to the board of directors of AIIB.
  2550. Delhi-based Journalist-writer Ankita Anand won prestigious Lorenzo Natali Media Prize for 2015 under Asia and the Pacific Amateur category for her article ‘Stirrings beneath the peepul.
  2551. Indian writer Anuradha Roy won $50,000 DSC Prize for South Asian Literature for her novel 'Sleeping on Jupiter'.
  2552. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) successfully launched SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying Jason-3 Ocean-monitoring satellite. It was 4th mission in joint US-European series of satellite missions that measure height of ocean surface.
  2553. Renowned Kannada filmmaker and lyricist Geethapriya passed away.
  2554. Tata Motors appointed Guenter Butschek as its chief executive officer (CEO) and managing director (MD).
  2555. France declared state of economic emergency to redefine France's economic and social model and tackle unemployment.
  2556. Chinese scientists have developed a new bio-artificial liver that can help patients to survive from liver failure long enough for an organ transplant.
  2557. USA removed various sanctions against Iran after International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirmed that Iran has met its commitments under Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) to stop its nuclear programme (known as Vienna agreement).
  2558. Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled Start-up India, Stand-up India action plan to boost startup ventures in the country -
    1. Start-up profits to be tax-free for 3 years and also no labour inspections for 3 years.
    2. Compliance regime based on self-certification for labour and environmental laws.
    3. Easy exit policy for start-ups with 90 days.
    4. Tax exemption to be provided on capital gains if money is invested in another start up.
    5. Government to create Rs. 10,000 crore corpus fund for development and growth of innovation driven enterprises. It will be Rs. 2500 crore a year for four years.
    6. Liberalised Fast-track mechanism for start-up patent applications under intellectual property rights protection with 80% cost rebate.
    7. Easy participation in public procurement by easing norms of minimum turnover/experience.
  2559. Jan 18 - National Immunization Day. President Pranab Mukherjee launched Pulse programme for 2016 on this occasion.
  2560. Bombay Stock Exchange launched a new service for algorithm trading test facility for investors on its derivatives and equity platform. It will Enable testing trading algorithms in different trading segments including equity, equity derivatives and currency derivatives, based on the live and historical market data.
  2561. Noted journalist and scholar Aroon Tikekar passed away.
  2562. Committee to simplify income tax laws headed by R.V. Easwar submitted its report -
    1. Deferring the contentious Income Computation and Disclosure Standards (ICDS) provisions and making the process of tax refunds faster.
    2. Deletion of a clause in IT Act, 1961 that allows the IT department to delay tax refund due beyond six months.
    3. Treat stock trading gains of up to 5 lakh rupees as capital gains and not business income.
    4. TDS rates for individuals must be reduced to 5 per cent from current 10 per cent.
    5. Exempting non-residents not having a Permanent Account Number (PAN), but seeking to provide their Tax Identification Number (TIN) for applicability of TDS at a higher rate.
    6. Eligibility criteria under presumptive tax scheme to be increased to 2 crore rupees from 1 crore rupees to make it easy for small businesses.
  2563. Maharashtra Government signed memorandum of understanding with Tata Trust for skill training programme for youth under Kushal Maharashtra, Rojgaryukt Maharashtra initiative.
  2564. Bihar Government approved 35 % reservation for women in government jobs in the state.
  2565. A new genus of tree hole-breeding frogs named Frankixalus and a new bird species named Himalayan Forest Thrush discovered in parts of northeast India bordering China.
  2566. INSEAD Global Talent Competitiveness Index (GTCI) 2015-16
    1. It assessed 109 countries in terms of talent competitiveness of its human capital.
    2. India ranked 89th as compared to 78th rank in 2014-15.
    3. Top 5 - Switzerland (1st), Singapore (2nd), Luxembourg (3rd), United States (4th), Denmark (5th)
    4. Bottom 5 - Madagascar (109), Burkina Faso (108), Ethiopia (107), Tanzania (106) and Mali (105).
  2567. Annual World Economic Forum meeting held in Davos (Switzerland).
  2568. First phase of National Family Health Survey 4 -
    1. Out of 11 states and 2 UTs surveyed, Women’s literacy gone up by 12.15% while sex ratio declined to 985 females per 1000 males. Uttarakhand has highest sex ratio (1015), followed by Meghalaya (1005).
    2. Child marriage reduced by 13.17% for females and 6.7% for males.
    3. The NFHS-4 is the fourth in a series of national surveys after 2005-06 (NFHS-3), 1998-99 (NFHS-2) and 1992-93 (NFHS-1).
  2569. Government approval Policy on Promotion of City Compost to help circulating compost produced from city waste for purpose of farming and agriculture.
    1. Provision for Market development assistance of Rs. 1500 per tonne of city compost has been added.
    2. To ensure environment friendly city compost, eco-Mark standard has been made mandatory.
    3. It will be mandatory for Government companies to use City Compost for purpose of their horticulture.
  2570. 4th India - Africa Hydrocarbons Conference held in New Delhi, aimed at enhancing greater cooperation between India and African continent in field of Hydrocarbons.
  2571. Indian Bureau of Mines signed MoU with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) to monitor mining activities in the country through satellite technology.
  2572. 19th National Conference on e-Governance held in Nagpur (Maharashtra).
  2573. Government approved amendments in Power Tariff Policy 2006 for betterment of power sector and also to achieve objectives of Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) with focus on 4 Es - Electricity for all, Environment for a sustainable future, Efficiency to ensure affordable tariffs, Ensure financial viability and Ease of doing business to attract investments.
  2574. As per World Economic Forum (WEF) report - oceans will have more plastics than fish by 2050 if ongoing practice of dumping plastics continues.
    1. Every year, 8 million tonnes of plastics leak into ocean, equivalent to dumping one garbage truck into ocean every minute.
  2575. Alejandro Aravena (Chile) won 2016 Pritzker Architecture Prize, best known for his work with “do tank” Elemental, an architecture group that aims to tackle poverty using a participatory approach that engages local communities in early stages of design process. He will receive a $100,000 grant and a bronze medal.
  2576. First woman Vice Chancellor of Kerala, Jancy James is selected for 2016 Prof MV Pylee Award as best academician of India.
  2577. Magh Bihu (harvest festival of Assam) celebrated accross Assam. It marks end of harvesting season.
  2578. 12 day Event Nandi Natakotsavam began in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh.
  2579. World bank approved 250 Million USD for Andhra Pradesh Disaster Recovery Projec. It includes 20 Million USD funding restoration of Indira Gandhi Zoological Park in Visakhapatnam. It was severely damaged during cylcone Hudhud recently.
  2580. Easterine Kire from Nagaland won Hindu Literary Prize 2015 for her novel When the River Sleeps.
  2581. National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog collaborated with IDFC Bank to conduct an enterprise survey of manufacturing firms to assess the ease of doing business.
  2582. World Economic Forum in its Global Risks Report 2016 said that involuntary migration and extreme weather events are top two risks for world in 2016.
  2583. IFC, a member of World Bank Group tied-up with Madhya Pradesh government to set up a 750-Mw Rewa ultra-mega solar power project. It will be largest single-site solar power project in the world.
  2584. The 4th All India Police Archery Championship held in Nagaland.
  2585. Revised World Economic Outlook (WEO) report by International Monetary Fund kept India's growth projection unchanged at 7.3 % in FY2016 and 7.5 % in FY2017.
  2586. Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL) commissioned second of three 660MW units at 1,980MW Lalitpur super thermal power project (STPP) in Uttar Pradesh.
  2587. Russian Ivan Popov won 14th Parsvnath Delhi International Open Chess Title.
  2588. Human Resource Development ministry set up 12-member committee on Yoga Education in Universities, which is headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Yoga guru H.R. Nagendra.
  2589. India will host a 7-day military exercise Exercise Force Eighteen in March 2016 in Pune (Maharashtra).
  2590. Rajasthan government inaugurated state's second biological park Machia Biological Park in Jodhpur.
  2591. India's Jehan Daruvala won 2016 Lady Wigram Trophy motor race, which is one of New Zealand's prestigious sports events.
  2592. 20 Jan - Statehood day of Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura. Three states were formed on 20 Jan, 1972.
  2593. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj visited Israel and Palestine.
  2594. Former Sikkim governor Rama Rao passed Away.
  2595. Delhi Acers won maiden Premier Badminton League title by beating Mumbai Rockets.
  2596. Cricketrs Ajit Chandila is banned for life while Hiken Shah banned for five years for involvement in match-fixing activities.
  2597. Andhra Pradesh government re-established 2 member Commission for Backward Classes under K.L.Manjunath.
  2598. Oldest Christian monastery in Iraq (approx 1400 years) has been destroyed by Terrorist group Islamic State.
  2599. 14th Tripadvisor Travelers Choice Awards - Umaid Bhawan Palace of Udaipur (Rajasthan) named As best hotel of 2016. Top 5 hotels are -
    1. Umaid Bhawan Palace Jodhpur – Jodhpur, India
    2. Shinta Mani Resort – Siem Reap, Cambodia
    3. Bellevue Syrene – Sorrento, Italy
    4. Hanoi La Siesta Hotel & Spa – Hanoi, Vietnam
    5. Achtis Hotel – Afitos, Greece
  2600. World Bank released report titled World Development Report 2016 : Digital Dividends. It explores impact of internet and mobile phones on economic development across the world.
    1. World Bank appreciated Aadhaar scheme of India as it saved 1 billion USD by bringing down corruption.
    2. Worlds offline population is mainly in India and China, but over 1.2 million people are still offline in North America. There are more contributions to Wikipedia from Hong Kong, China, than from all of Africa combined.
  2601. State Bank of Travancore (SBT) tied up with Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) to provide customers of to pay their electricity bills online.
  2602. Exim Bank and Andhra Pradesh Government signed an agreement for promotion of exports in Andhra Pradesh.
  2603. IT Firm Mindtree appointed Rostow Ravanan as CEO and MD.
  2604. Somnath Temple became Gujarats first temple to deposit its Approx 35 kg idle gold in Gold Monetisation Scheme of Government.
  2605. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa launched Amma Call Centre as an initiative for quick delivery of government services.
  2606. World’s oldest man, Yasutaro Koide (Japan) passed away at age of 112.
  2607. Ronnie O'Sullivan won his sixth Snooker Masters title after defeating Barry Hawkins in London (UK).
  2608. World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) released World Tourism Barometer report with trends in tourism for 2015.
    1. International tourist arrivals grew by 4.4 % in 2015 with total 118.4 crore in 2015. 2015 is 6th consecutive year of above-average growth from 2010 onwards.
  2609. Mamta Binani has been elected as President of Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) for 2016.
  2610. Government sanctioned 50000 crore rupees for development of infrastructure projects in Tamilnadu.
  2611. Amitabh Bachchan and Priyanka Chopra replaced Aamir Khan as 'Incredible India' brand ambassadors.
  2612. RBI asked banks to stop Rs 1,000 notes without security thread after receiving complaints.
  2613. Uttar Pradesh won Mushtaq Ali T20 Trophy by defeating Baroda.
  2614. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation signed agreement with Kerala Rapid Transit Ltd (KRTL) for Rs. 6,728-crore 'light metro' in Thiruvananthapuram and Kozhikode.
  2615. Three Mi-25 gunship helicopters of Indian Air Force supplied by India to join Afghan Air Force. Decision for delivery of Mi-25 gunship helicopters was made during recent visit of Afghan National Security Adviser Mohammad Hanif Atmar to India.
  2616. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) released first report of Alternative Investment Policy Advisory Committee (AIPAC) headed by N R Narayan Murthy, to suggest measures for development of alternative investment funds (AIFs) and startup eco-system in India.
    1. For creating a favourable tax environment, exempted income of AIFs should not suffer tax withholding of 10 %.
    2. Indirect transfer provisions of IT Act should not apply in case of transferring investments in an India-centric vehicle to another investor.
    3. Clarify rules for investment by non-resident Indian investors in AIFs.
  2617. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (OSCAR Academy) presented Technical Award to Indian -origin actor, producer Rahul Thakkar and Cottalango Leon.
  2618. Pavel Filip appointed as new Prime Minister of Moldova.
  2619. Ravi Chellam appointed Executive Director of Greenpeace India, a Non-Government Organisation (NGO).
  2620. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley visited Uk and Switzerland.
  2621. Over 20 crore bank accounts opened under PMJDY Till Now with deposits of Over Rs. 30,000 crores.
  2622. Google and RailTel launched free Rail Wire Public Wi-Fi service for railway passengers at Mumbai Central Station.
  2623. India Decided to implement Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)'s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) guidelines from 01 April 2016.
    1. BEPS refers to tax planning strategies that would exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no-tax locations where there is little economic activity, resulting in little or no overall corporate tax being paid.
    2. These norms were announced by OCED to close tax loopholes that cost countries upwards of 100 billion USD a year.
    3. With implementation of BEPS guidelines, it will become mandatory for Indian companies to make country-by-country reporting to follow guidelines. BEPS will be major significance for developing countries like India that strongly rely on corporate income tax.
  2624. 21st Critics' Choice Awards (USA BY Broadcast Film Critics Association (BFCA) and Broadcast Television Journalists Association (BTJA) -
    1. DRAMA
      1. BEST PICTURE - Spotlight
      2. BEST ACTOR - Leonardo DiCaprio (The Revenant)
      3. BEST ACTRESS - Brie Larson (Room)
      4. BEST SUPPORTING ACTOR - Sylvester Stallone (Creed)
      5. BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS - Alicia Vikander (The Danish Girl)
      6. BEST DIRECTOR - George Miller (Mad Max: Fury Road)
    2. Television
      1. BEST ACTOR (COMEDY) - Jeffrey Tambor (Transparent – Amazon)
      2. BEST ACTOR (DRAMA) - Rami Malek (Mr. Robot)
      3. BEST ACTRESS (COMEDY) - Rachel Bloom (Crazy Ex-Girlfriend)
      4. BEST ACTRESS (DRAMA) - Carrie Coon (The Leftovers)
  2625. India's Jet Airways entered into Frequent Flyer Partnership with Bangkok Airways with tie-up of loyalty and rewards management programme of Jet Airways named JetPrivilege and FlyerBonus (loyalty scheme of Bangkok Airways).
  2626. Clean energy firm ReNew Power Ventures commissioned 40 megawatt wind power project in Karnataka. Taking its total wind capacity to 693 megawatts.
  2627. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change held first national stakeholder consultation meeting for BIOFIN (Biodiversity Finance Initiative). BIOFIN is a global partnership seeking to address biodiversity finance challenge in a comprehensive manner to mobilise resources for biodiversity across the world.
  2628. Oxfam released report titled An Economy for the 1%, analyzing growing trends of concentration of wealth across the world.
    1. Report was named such by taking cue from report of Credit Suisse that revealed that the richest 1 % had accumulated more wealth than rest of the world put together.
    2. In 2015, just 62 individuals had same wealth as other 3.6 billion people. It was 388 individuals in 2010.
    3. Wealth of richest 62 people risen by 44 % since 2010 to 542 542 billion USD.
    4. Wealth of bottom half of Humanity fell by just over a trillion dollars in 2010-15.
  2629. Ministry of Shipping started Project Green Ports with two verticals - Green Ports Initiatives and Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. Aim is to make Major Ports across India cleaner and greener.
  2630. Noted Kannada lyricist and film-maker  Lakshman Rao Mohite (Geethapriya) passed away.
  2631. Goa Government approved reclassification of coconut tree as palm through passage of Goa Preservation of Trees (Amendment) Bill, 2016. Bill seeks to omit Section 1-A of Goa, Daman and Diu Preservation of Trees Act, 1984 that included coconut under definition of tree.
  2632. Government granted Infrastructure Status to Shipyard Industry to ease its financial stress. The shipyards will be able to avail flexible long-term funding at lower costs.
  2633. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) formalized its ongoing program for detecting and tracking near-Earth objects (NEOs) as Planetary Defense Coordination Office (PDCO). It will supervise all NASA-funded projects to find asteroids that pass near orbit of Earth around the sun.
  2634. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) revealed that global average temperature for 2015 was highest among all years since modern record keeping that began in 1880.
    1. During 2015, average temperature across globe was 1.62F (0.90C) above 20th century average. It surpassed previous record set in 2014 by 0.29F (0.16C).
  2635. 23 Jan - Birth Anniversary of Great Freedom Fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. PM Narendra Modi declassified digital copies of 100 secret files relating to Netaji on this occasion.
  2636. Girls First initiative reportedly resulted in improving emotional and physical well-being of school children in Bihar. As per study, emotional resilience increased by 33 % and health knowledge by 99 %.
  2637. Japanese astronomers discovered second largest black hole in Milky Way. They mapped high-velocity compact cloud called CO-0.40-0.22 with a mass 100000 times that of the Sun around 200 light years away from the centre of Milky Way.
  2638. Noted Italian film director Ettore Scola passed away.
  2639. Indian Olympic Association (IOA) appointed Infinity Optimal Solutions (IOS) for managing sponsorship and public relations for IOA for all major events.
  2640. Eminent Tabla player Shankar Ghosh passed away.
  2641. Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) (USA) released 2016 Nuclear Security Index with theme Building a Framework for Assurance, Accountability, and Action.
    1. Index assessed global nuclear security conditions in 176 countries in potential theft of weapons and potential sabotage of nuclear facilities.
    2. Among 24 nations with over 1 kilogram of nuclear-usable weapons materials, ranks are
      1. Safest - Australia (1), Switzerland (2), Canada (3), Poland (4)
      2. Least Safe -India (21), Pakistan (22), Iran (23) and North Korea (24). India improved two ranks by participating in bilateral assistance activities with USA and putting in place the IAEA Additional Protocol. Japan is the most improved state.
  2642. US News and World Report, WPPs BAV Consulting and Wharton School of University of Pennsylvania released inaugural Best Countries report, evaluating 60 nations across wide range of criteria -
    1. Best Countries Rankings
      1. Germany
      2. Canada
      3. United Kingdom
      4. United States
      5. Sweden
      6. Australia
      7. Japan
      8. France
      9. Netherlands
      10. Denmark
    2. India is ranked as the 22nd best country in the World.
    3. Sweden is recognized as most modern, Best Country to Raise Kids and best for Green Living.
    4. Denmark is Best for Women.
    5. United States of America is named most powerful country
    6. India has No. 1 upcoming economy.
    7. Germany is best country for entrepreneurship
    8. Luxembourg is most business friendly.
    9. Italy is country with richest tradition
    10. Brazil is No. 1 nation to visit.
    11. Canada tops list of countries with best quality of life.
  2643. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and Department of Telecommunication (DoT) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to develop and implement National Action Plan for Skill Development in Telecom Sector.
  2644. After USA, Japan also lifted sanctions on Iran. It was decided by japan after United Nations atomic energy agency confirmed that Iran has fully taken steps to curb its disputed nuclear programme.
  2645. 24 Jan - National girl child day.
  2646. Government proposed Modifications in Gold Monetisation Scheme (GMS) -
    1. Premature withdrawl under Medium and Long Term Deposits will be allowed after 3 years and any Long Term Deposit after 5 years, subject to a reduction in payable interest.
    2. Fees to be paid to Banks for their services will be 2.5 % for Medium and Long Term Gold Deposits
    3. Gold depositors can also give their gold directly to refiner rather than only through Collection and Purity Testing Centres (CPTCs).
    4. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) modified licensing condition for refiners from existing 3 years refining experience to 1 year refining experience.
    5. Quantity of gold collected will be expressed up to 3 decimals of a gram, to give the consumer better value for gold deposited.
    6. CPTC/Refiner will test gold and determine its purity which will be basis on which the deposit certificate will be issued.
    7. Government also launched website and toll free number 18001800000 to provide all information of the schemes.
    8. As on 20-01-2016, total of 900.087 kilo grams of gold have been mobilized through the scheme. It is expected that these modifications will make the scheme more attractive for potential depositors.
  2647. Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid foundation stone of International Solar Alliance (ISA) Headquarters and inaugurated interim Secretariat of ISA in National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) Gurgaon.
  2648. International Conference of Family Planning held at Bali (Indonesia). J P Nadda (Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare) attended on India's Behalf.
  2649. Government of India extended supported for Spirit of India Run by Mr. Pat Farmer (Australia), an ultra Marathon Runner. He will run over 4000 km in 60 days starting from Kanyakumari and finishing in Kashmir. He will initiate his run on January 26th, 2016 celebrating India's Republic Day and Australia Day.
  2650. Union Minister of Human Resource Development, Smriti Zubin Irani launched Veer Gaatha series of books on Param Veer Chakra awardees.
  2651. Government conferred Jeevan Raksha Padak Awards 2015 on 50 persons - Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak (03), Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak (09) and Jeevan Raksha Padak (38 persons).
    1. Winners of Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak are - Shri Ullas Unnikrishnan (Kerela),  Munna alias Ramdars Sisodiya, (Madhya Pradesh), Ankit Kumar  Mishra (Uttar Pradesh).
  2652. President Pranab Mukherjee Imposed Presidents Rule in Arunachal Pradesh and suspending Legislative Assembly of Arunachal Pradesh (As per article 356(1) of Constitution). It is to due to constitutional breakdown in Arunachal Pradesh as reported by Governor of Arunachal Pradesh.
  2653. Padam Awards 2016 -
    1. Padma Vibhushan -
      1. Ms. Yamini Krishnamurthi — Art-Classical dance — Delhi
      2. Rajinikanth — Art-Cinema — Tamil Nadu
      3. Smt Girija Devi — Art-Classical Vocal — West Bengal
      4. Ramoji Rao — Literature & Education-Journalism — Andhra Pradesh
      5. Dr Viswanathan Shanta — Medicine-Oncology — Tamil Nadu
      6. Ravi Shankar — Others-Spiritualism — Karnataka
      7. Jagmohan — Public Affairs — Delhi
      8. Dr Vasudev Kalkunte Aatre — Science & Engineering — Karnataka
      9. Avinash Dixit(Foreigner) — Literature & Education — USA
      10. Late Dhiru Bhai Ambani (Posthumous) — Trade & Industry — Maharashtra
    2. Padma Bhushan
      1. Anupam Kher — Art-Cinema — Maharashtra
      2. Udit Narayan Jha — Art-Playback Singing — Maharashtra
      3. Ram V Sutar — Art-Sculpture — Uttar Pradesh
      4. Heisnam Kanhailal — Art-Theatre — Manipur
      5. Vinod Rai — Civil Service — Kerala
      6. Dr Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad — Literature & Education — Andhra Pradesh
      7. Prof NS Ramanuja Tatacharya — Literature & Education — Maharashtra
      8. Dr Barjinder Singh Hamdard — Literature & Education - Journalism — Punjab
      9. Prof D Nageshwar Reddy — Medicine-Gastroenterology — Telangana
      10. Swami Tejomayananda — Other-Spiritualism — Maharashtra
      11. Hafeez Contractor — Others-Architecture — Maharashtra
      12. Ravindra Chandra Bhargava — Public Affairs — Uttar Pradesh
      13. Dr Venkata Rama Rao — Alla Science & Engineering — Andhra Pradesh
      14. Ms Saina Nehwal — Sports-Badminton — Telangana
      15. Ms Sania Mirza — Sports-Tennis — Telangana
      16. Ms Indu Jain — Trade & Industry — Delhi
      17. Late Swami Dayanand Sarawasati (Posthumous) — Others-Spiritualism — Uttarakhand
      18. Robert Blackwill (Foreigner) — Public Affairs — USA
      19. Pallonji Shapoorji Mistry (NRI/PIO) — Trade & Industry — Ireland
    3. Padma Shri
      1. Smt Prathibha Prahlad — Art- Classical Dance — Delhi
      2. Bhikhudan Gadhvi — Art- Folk Music — Gujarat
      3. Sribhas Chandra Supakar — Art- Textile Designing — Uttar Pradesh
      4. Ajay Devgn — Art-Cinema — Maharashtra
      5. Ms Priyanka Chopra — Art-Cinema — Maharashtra
      6. Pt Tulsidas Borkar — Art-Classical Music — Goa
      7. Dr Soma Ghosh — Art-Classical Vocal — Uttar Pradesh
      8. Nila Madhab Panda — Art-Film Direction and Production — Delhi
      9. SS Rajamouli — Art-Film Direction and Production — Karnataka
      10. Madhur Bhandarkar — Art-Film Direction and Production — Maharashtra
      11. Prof M Venkatesh Kumar — Art-Folk Artist — Karnataka
      12. Ms Gulabi Sapera — Art-Folk Dance — Rajasthan
      13. Smt Mamta Chandrakar — Art-Folk Music — Chhattisgarh
      14. Ms Malini Awasthi — Art-Folk Music — Uttar Pradesh
      15. Jai Prakash Lekhiwal — Art-Miniature Painting — Delhi
      16. K Laxma Goud — Art-Painting — Telangana
      17. Bhalchandra Dattatray Mondhe — Art-Photography — Madhya Pradesh
      18. Naresh Chander Lal — Art-Theatre & Cinema — Andaman & Nicobar
      19. Dhirendra Nath Bezbaruah — Literature & Education — Assam
      20. Prahlad Chandra Tasa — Literature & Education — Assam
      21. Dr Ravindra Nagar — Literature & Education — Delhi
      22. Dahyabhai Shastri — Literature & Education — Gujarat
      23. Dr Santeshivara Bhyrappa — Literature & Education — Karnataka
      24. Haldar Nag — Literature & Education — Odisha
      25. Kameshwaram Brahma — Literature & Education -Journalism — Assam
      26. Prof Pushpesh Pant — Literature & Education-Journalism — Delhi
      27. Jawaharlal Kaul — Literature & Education-Journalism — Jammu & Kashmir
      28. Ashok Malik — Literature & Education — Delhi
      29. Dr Mannam Gopi Chand — Medicine-Cardio Thoracic Surgery — Telangana
      30. Prof Ravi Kant — Medicine-Surgery — Uttar Pradesh
      31. Prof Ram Harsh Singh — Medicine- Ayurveda — Uttar Pradesh
      32. Prof Shiv Narain Kureel — Medicine- Paediatric Surgery — Uttar Pradesh
      33. Dr Sabya Sachi Sarkar — Medicine -Radiology — Uttar Pradesh
      34. Dr Alla Gopala Krishna Gokhale — Medicine-Cardiac Surgery — Andhra Pradesh
      35. Prof TK Lahiri — Medicine-Cardio Thoracic Surgery — Uttar Pradesh
      36. Dr Praveen Chandra — Medicine-Cardiology — Delhi
      37. Prof (Dr) Daljeet Singh Gambhir — Medicine-Cardiology — Uttar Pradesh
      38. Dr Chandrasekar Shesadri Thoguluva — Medicine-Gastroenterology — Tamil Nadu
      39. Dr (Mrs) Anil Kumari Malhotra — Medicine-Homeopathy — Delhi
      40. Prof MV Padma Srivastava — Medicine-Neurology — Delhi
      41. Dr Sudhir V Shah — Medicine-Neurology — Gujarat
      42. Dr MM Joshi — Medicine-Ophthalmology — Karnataka
      43. Prof (Dr) John Ebnezar — Medicine-Orthopaedic Surgery — Karnataka
      44. Dr Nayudamma Yarlagadda — Medicine-Paediatric Surgery — Andhra Pradesh
      45. Simon Oraon — Other -Environment Conservation — Jharkhand
      46. Imitiaz Qureshi — Other-Culinary — Delhi
      47. Piyush Pandey — Others-Advertising & Communication — Maharashtra
      48. Subhash Palekar — Others-Farming — Maharashtra
      49. Ravinder Kumar Sinha — Others-Wildlife Conservation — Bihar
      50. Dr HR Nagendra — Others-Yoga — Karnataka
      51. MC Mehta — Public Affairs — Delhi
      52. MN Krishna Mani — Public Affairs — Delhi
      53. Ujjwal Nikam — Public Affairs — Maharashtra
      54. Tokheho Sema — Public Affairs — Nagaland
      55. Dr Satish Kumar — Science & Engineering — Delhi
      56. Dr Mylswamy Annadurai — Science & Engineering — Karnataka
      57. Prof Dipankar Chatterji — Science & Engineering — Karnataka
      58. Prof(Dr) Ganapati Dadasaheb Yadav — Science & Engineering — Maharashtra
      59. Smt (Prof) Veena Tandon — Science & Engineering — Meghalaya
      60. Onkar Nath Srivastava — Science and Engineering — Uttar Pradesh
      61. Ms Sunita Krishnan — Social Work — Andhra Pradesh
      62. Ajoy Kumar Dutta — Social Work — Assam
      63. M Pandit Dasa — Social Work — Karnataka
      64. PP Gopinathan Nair — Social Work — Kerala
      65. Smt Madeleine Herman de Blic — Social Work — Puducherry
      66. Srinivasan Damal Kandalai — Social work — Tamil Nadu
      67. Sudhakar Olwe — Social Work — Maharashtra
      68. Dr TV Narayana — Social Work — Telangana
      69. Arunachalam Murugantham — Social Work — Tamil Nadu
      70. Ms Deepika Kumari — Sports-Archery — Jharkhand
      71. S Sushil Doshi — Sports-commentary — Madhya Pradesh
      72. Mahesh Sharma — Trade & Industry — Delhi
      73. Saurabh Srivastava — Trade & Industry — Delhi
      74. Sh Dilip Sanghvi — Trade & Industry — Maharashtra
      75. Dr Keki Hormusji Gharda — Trade & Industry — Maharashtra
      76. Late Prakash Chand Surana (Posthumous) — Art -Classical Music — Rajasthan
      77. Late Saeed Jaffrey (NRI/PIO/Posthumous) — Art-Cinema — UK
      78. Michael Postel (Foreigner) — Art-Archaeology — France
      79. Salman Amin Sal Khan (NRI/PIO) — Literature & Education — USA
      80. Smt Hui Lan Zhang (Foreigner) — Others-Yoga — China
      81. Predrag K Nikic (Foreigner) — Others-Yoga — Serbia
      82. Dr Sundar Aditya Menon (NRI/PIO) — Social Work — UAE
      83. Ajaypal Singh Banga (NRI/PIO) — Trade & Industry — US
  2654. Government approved enhancement of Authorized Share Capital of National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSFDC) from 1000 crore to 1200 crores.
  2655. Social Justice and Empowerment Minsiter Thaawarchand Gehlot launched job portal for Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) at URL - PwDs can avail different facilities such as self employment loan, Skill training, scholarships and information about jobs on this platform.
  2656. Government announced to develop 36 projects in 2015-16 with investments of Rs.14,225 crores and capacity enhancement by 162 MTPA (million tonnes per annum). In 2014-15, total 26 projects were awarded with investment of Rs.10,543 crore and capacity enhancement of 155 MTPA.
  2657. Government approved agreement with Russia for joint research in Basic and Exploratory Sciences.
  2658. Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) signed by Railways with Governments of Kerala and Andhra Pradesh for Formation of Joint Venture Companies for Development of Railway Infrastructure in these States.
  2659. Government declared that Central Institute of Buddhist Studies (CIBS) (Jammu & Kashmir) shall be a deemed-to-be-university for five years from its disaffiliation from Sampurnanand Sanskrit University, Varanasi and Tibetan Medicines and Astrology Department, Dharamsala.
  2660. India and Armenia Signed Protocol amending Double Taxation Avoidance Convention.
  2661. Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar gave away RakshaMantri Awards for Excellence -
    1. 2012 - 13
      1. Excellence in performance – HAL
      2. Best performance in Exports – BEML
    2. 2013 - 14
      1. Excellence in performance – BEL
      2. Best performance in Exports – BEL
  2662. Government approved Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) signed between Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) with its counterparts in Malaysia, Singapore and Japan.
  2663. 25 Jan - National Voters' Day. Being Celebrated from 2011. It marks formation of Election Commission of India on 25 January 1950.
  2664. 25 Jan - Statehood day of Himachal Pradesh. Created in 1971.
  2665. Government Issued list of 20 Smart Cities winning smart city challenge. Bhubaneswar (Odisha) placed at Top. Government will invest Rs 50,802 crore in the 20 cities and towns over five years.
  2666. Dr. Rafael Reif, President of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA) Visited India.
  2667. During second tranche of Sovereign Gold Bond (SGB) Scheme from 18 to 22nd January, 2016, 3.16 lakh applications were received for total subscription of 2790 Kilograms of gold worth Rs. 726 crores by Banks.
  2668. Asian Development Bank (ADB) and India signed an $80million loan agreement to continue improving infrastructure in two North Eastern State Capital cities - Agartala(Tripura) and Aizwal (Mizoram). It is third tranche of $200 million financing facility under North Eastern Region Capital cities Development Investment Program.
  2669. Ministry of Law & Justice constituted an expert committee to review Specific Relief Act, 1963 that provides for law relating to certain kind of specific relief and has not been amended since its inception.
  2670. Dr. Kamlesh Kumar Pandey has been appointed as Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities (CCPD) for a period of three years.
  2671. Government shipped First consignment of 6 Made in India Metro Train Coaches to Australia from Mumbai port. It is first shipment of planned 450 coaches to be exported to Australia over 2.5 years.
  2672. Krishan Kumar Jalan appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
  2673. Shyam S Agarwal appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Secretary in National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
  2674. Rakesh Garg appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Minority Affairs.
  2675. Noted journalist Arindam Sengupta passed away. He was Managing Editor of Times of India.
  2676. 26 January - International Customs Day.
  2677. 26 Jan, 2016 - 67th republic day of india. It marks date on which Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950.
    1. French President Francois Hollande was chief guest of Republic Day function. With this he beamce 5th highest dignitary from France to be Chief Guest of Indian Republic Day parade.
    2. French Troops also Marched during Republic Day Ceremony. It was 76-member contingent 35th Infantry Regiment of the French Army led by Lt Col Paul Bury
    3. Parade was led by Lieutenant General Rajan Ravindran.
    4. Among Services category, Assam Regiment adjudged as best marching contingent. In category of Para-Military Forces and other auxiliary marching contingents, Border Security Force contingent adjudged best.
  2678. Girish Luthra appointed Chief of Southern Naval Command and Sunil Lanba appointed chief of Western Naval Command.
  2679. Noted Actress Rekha has been conferred with third Yash Chopra Memorial Award.
  2680. Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corp. topped in global vehicle sales in 2015 by selling 10.151 million vehicles. Toyotya retained its status as top-selling automaker for fourth straight year. German automaker Volkswagen AG ranked second (9.93 million) and General Motors (GM) ranked third (9.8 million).
  2681. Three persons of Indian-origin - Chennupati Jagadis, Jay Chandra and Sajeev Koshy have been awarded 2016 Medal of Order of Australia, Australias highest civilian honour for their contribution in various fields.
  2682. As per recently released United Nations (UN) World Economic Situation and Prospects 2016 Report -
    1. India will be fastest growing big economy in world in 2016. Indias growth rate will be 7.3 % in 2016 and 7.5 % in 2017.
    2. In 2016 and 2017 - South Asia will to be the worlds fastest-growing region with India accounting for over 70 % GDP.
  2683. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) 2015 human development index (HDI) -
    1. Norway at top of List, Australia 2nd with Switzerland at third place.
    2. India Ranked 130th with Sri Lanka being ranked 73rd (Best in South Asia Region). Others - China (90), Bhutan (132), Bangladesh (142), Nepal (145), Pakistan (147).
  2684. Mosquito-borne Zika virus has created a panic over birth defects in Latin America countries with Brazil experiencing largest impact. It causes babies being born with abnormal condition called microcephaly (smaller heads which can cause brain damage). Indian Government also formed a Panel for checking situation for same in India.
  2685. Digital payment startup TranServ launched India's first Social Mobile Wallet named Udio. The digital wallet seeks to address gap between real and virtual modes of payment as it has more social experience.
  2686. India's largest tricolour hoisted atop tallest pole in Ranchi. It is world's largest and highest hoisted Indian flag with Dimensions - 66 feet (height) * 99 feet (Width).
  2687. Eminent tabla player Pandit Shankar Ghosh passed away.
  2688. Indian Badminton Player Pusarla Venkata Sindhu won 2016 Malaysia Masters Grand Prix Gold Badminton title by defeating Scotland's Kirsty Gilmour.
  2689. Noted Malayalam film actress Kalpana Ranjani passed away.
  2690. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) received environmental clearance for a Rs 53000 project in Krishna-Godavari (KG) basin in Andhra Pradesh. Project includes drilling 45 development wells.
  2691. Government launched Sahaj Scheme for online booking of LPG cylinders as part of Governments 2016-Year of Consumers initiative.
  2692. Maharashtra's first Solar Power operated Mini-Water Supply Plant commissioned in Hingna village of Nagpur district. It will facilitate villagers to get pure water at low cost. It delivers 10,000 Litres of purified water every day and runs completely on solar power on 1800 Watt panels.
  2693. 27 Jan - International Holocaust Remembrance Day. It commemorates victims of Holocaust - estimated 11 million Jewish, Romani people being killed by German Nazi Forces.
  2694. President of France, Francois Hollande Visited India.
    1. He became Chief Guest of 67th Republic Day Ceremony of india.
    2. India and France singed 14 pacts for enhancing cooperation in various fields. Signed Agreements Include -
      1. French President Francois Hollande committed $325 million over next five years for global development of solar energy
      2. MoU on purchase of 36 Rafale Aircrafts.
      3. Space: Implementation Arrangement between ISRO and CNES (France)
      4. Railways - Agreement between Indian Railways and Alstom for production of 800 electric locomotives in Madhepura plant in Bihar and Agreement for joint study for renovation of Ambala (Punjab) and Ludhiana (Punjab) railway stations.
      5. Food safety, Public Administration.
      6. Cultural exchange -Declaration of Intent (DoI) for conducting Bonjour India (French festival) in 2017 and Namaste France (Indian festival) in 2016.
      7. Science & Technology,
      8. Higher Education & Research - MoU between IIT Mumbai and Thales Systemes Aeroportes for Industry Sponsored Ph.D (Doctorate) Fellowship.
  2695. Marvin Minsky, pioneer of artificial intelligence passed away.
  2696. Indian Air Force successfully tested Akash surface to air missile with supersonic speeds (Mach 2.8 to 3.5) and range of 25 kms.
  2697. Government approved raising 17 Indian Reserve Battalions in Jammu & Kashmir and 4 Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected states (J&K - 5, Chhattisgarh - 4, Jharkhand - 3, Odisha - 3, Maharashtra - 2). Major number of vacancies will be filled through local youths.
  2698. Sanjay Mishra has been appointed as Lokayukta of Uttar Pradesh.
  2699. Twitter appointed Leslie Berland as its Chief Marketing Officer (CMO).
  2700. United States (US) based software Firm Cognizant Technology acquired cloud-based computing firm KBACE Technologies.
  2701. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) members signed corporate tax avoidance agreement to stem fiscal (tax) evasion by multinational companies (MNCs), it is about sharing information between member nations.
  2702. Gurdeep Singh has been appointed as Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC).
  2703. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved Hybrid Annuity Model for implementing National Highway Projects -
    1. Government will invest 40 % of construction cost and balance 60 % will come from private developer.
    2. Private developer will recover his investment from government by receiving annuity payments over 15 years.
    3. Toll collection - Highway toll tax will be collected by the government. Unlike in build, operate and transfer (BOT) toll model in which private sector collects it. Thus, private party does not have to bear traffic and inflation risks as the project cost are also inflation indexed.
  2704. India overtaken Thailand as the world's largest rice exporter in 2015 by shipping (exporting) 10.23 million tonnes of rice.
  2705. 2016 Syed Modi International Grand prix Gold Championship Badminton Title -
    1. Mens singles - Kidambi Srikanth by defeating Huang Yuxiang of China.
    2. Womens singles - Title Sayaka Sato (Japan) won by defeating Sung Ji Hyun (South Korea).
  2706. Brazilian racing driver Pietro Fittipaldi won 2015 MRF Challenge Formula 2000 in Sriperumbudur (Tamil Nadu).
  2707. Indian Author and foreign affairs expert Nisid Hajari has won the prestigious 2016 William E. Colby Award for his book Midnights Furies: The Deadly Legacy of India's Partition.
  2708. Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has been chosen for K Veeramani Social Justice Award for his contribution for for upliftment of weaker and marginalised sections.
  2709. Puducherry Government launched MITRA (Mobile Initiated Tracking and Rescue) application to ensure protection of women, children and elderly in time of distress.
  2710. Morton Mower (US), Michael Marmot (UK) won 2015 Prince Mahidol Award for their achievements in healthcare sector.
  2711. International Monetary Funds (IMFs) Quota and Governance Reforms 2010 become effective -
    1. Gives boost to representation of emerging economies like India, China, Brazil, Russia. Indias voting rights increased from 2.3% to 2.6%. Chinas voting rights increased from 3.8% to 6 %.
    2. Capital resources of IMF doubled to $659 billion from $329 billion.
    3. Shares of European and Gulf countries reduced and that of emerging nations particularly China are increased. China now has 3rd largest IMF quota and voting share after US and Japan. India, Russia and Brazil are also among top 10 members of IMF.
  2712. 2015 Corruption Perception Index releases by Berlin-based Transparency International (168 Countries) -
    1. India - With score of 38 (out of 100), India ranked 76th. India improved its ranking compared to 85 and 94 in 2014 and 2013, respectively.
    2. Top 5 Countries - Denmark (1st with score 91), Finland, Sweden, New Zealand, Netherlands
    3. Bottom 5 Countries - Somalia (rank 168), North Korea (167), Afghanistan (rank 166), Sudan (rank 165), South Sudan (rank 164), Angola (163)
    4. BRICS - South Africa (61), India (76), Brazil (76), China (83) and Russia (119).
  2713. Wildlife filmmaker Naresh Bedi has been conferred with V Shantaram Life Time Acheivement Award at 14th edition of 2016 Mumbai International Festival (MIFF), Mumbai.
  2714. 28 Jan - Birth Anniversary of Noted Freedom Fighter Lala Lajpat Rai. Commemorative Coin of 150 rupees & Circulation Coin of 10 rupees released on this occasion.
  2715. Gallantry Awards 2016 -
    1. President approved 365 Gallantry awards and other Defence decorations to Armed Forces personnel including 1 Ashoka Chakra, 4 Kirti Chakras and 11 Shaurya Chakras.
    2. Ashok Chakra - Lance Naik Mohan Nath Goswami (Posthumous).
    3. Kirti Chakra - Subedar Mahendra Singh, Sepoy Jagdish Chand
    4. Shaurya Chakra - Santosh Yashwant Mahadik, Praphul Kumar Bhardwaj, Anurag Kumar, Sandip Yadav, Harjinder Singh, Satish Kumar, Naik Kheem Singh Mehra, Dharma Ram
  2716. India defeated Pakistan to win first Blind T20 Asia Cup in Kochi (Kerala).
  2717. Switzerland's Roger Federer became First male to win 300th matches at Grand Slams. He reached this milestone be defating Grigor Dimitrov (Bulgaria) at a match during Ausralian Open 2016. All time record is set by Martina Navratilova (306 wins at grand slams).
  2718. Sourav Kothari won National Billiards Championship by defeating Siddharth Parekh.
  2719. Goa government declared Feni as heritage brew outside the state. It attained Geographical Indication (GI) status in 2010.
  2720. PEN American Center gave its 2016 PEN/Allen award to author J.K. Rowling.
  2721. Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan joined a task force of World Economic Forum (WEF) to study future of global financial system.
  2722. Red Panda Winter Festival 2016 started in Sikkim. It will last till 31 January.
  2723. International Kolkata Book Fair (worlds largest non-trade book fair) held in Kolkata (West Bengal). Bolivia is theme country of this year.
  2724. All India Radio (AIR) launched audio broadcast channel for connoisseurs of art, especially classical music. The Channel is known as 'RAAGAM'.
  2725. Noted Marathi writer Dattatraya Bhikaji Kulkarni passed away.
  2726. Rajasthan government launched Mukhyamantri Jal Swavalamban Abhiyan scheme to ensure effective implementation of water harvesting and water conservation.
  2727. David Warner has been awarded 2016 Allan Border Medal by Cricket Australia. Other Awards are -
    1. Test Player - David Warner
    2. One Day International Player - Glenn Maxwell
    3. Twenty20 International Player - Not awarded
    4. Bradman Young Cricketer - Alex Ross
    5. State Player - Adam Voges
    6. Women's International Cricketer - Ellyse Perry
  2728. Indian lawyer and human rights defender Henri Tiphagne has been selected for 2016 Amnesty International Human Rights Award.
  2729. Aparna Kumar(IPS officer) from Uttar Pradesh, became Indias first civil servant to successfully scale Antarcticas highest peak Mount Vinson Massif (17,000-feet).
  2730. Janos Pasztor of Hungary is appointed as Senior Adviser to Secretary-General (Ban Ki Moon) on Climate Change.
  2731. Andhra Pradesh government appointed N Ramesh Kumar as state election commissioner.
  2732. Prime Minister Narendra Modi presented National Bravery Awards to 25 children. He also released book Life progression of ICCW National Bravery Awardees.
  2733. 34th National Rowing Championships held in Hyderabad (Telangana).
  2734. Bloombergs Billionaires Index -
    1. Top 6 Richest - Bill Gates ($78 billion), Amancio Ortega ($69.7 billion), Warren Buffett ($59.4 billion), Jeff Bezos ($55.8 billion), Carlos Slim ($48.6 billion), Mark Zuckerberg ($47.5 billion)
    2. India - Mukesh Ambani (31st), Ajim Premji (54th), Shiv Nadar (71st).
  2735. Bank of Japan announced to adopt a negative interest rate policy from February 2016. The Bank of Japan will charge 0.1% interest rate on some part of the deposits that commercial banks make with Bank of Japan. It means that instead of receiving money on deposits, commercial banks must pay interest to keep their money with the Central bank.
  2736. Asia Pacific 2016 Wealth Report by New World Wealth -
    1. Tokyo is the top Asia Pacific city with 2,64,000 millionaires. Indias Mumbai (41,200 millionaires) ranked 12th and delhi (20600) ranked 20th.
    2. Over past 10 years, Jakarta (Indonesia) was fastest growing major city in Asia Pacific in terms of millionaire growth., followed by Hangzhou, Tianjin, Mumbai and Delhi.
    3. Hong Kong topped list ofg Multi Millionaires (Worth Over 10 Million USD) with 9,650 such individuals, Mumbai ranked eighth (2,690) and Delhi 14th with 1,340 Multi Millionaires.
    4. There were, 12,60,000 millionaires in Japan, China second (654,000) and Australia third with 290,000 millionaires.
  2737. Australian Open 2016
    1. Men's Singles - Novak Djokovic (Serbia ) by defeating Andy Murray (UK)
    2. Women's Singles - Angelique Kerber (Germany) by defeating Serena Williams (United States)
    3. Men's Doubles - Jamie Murray ( United Kingdom)/ Bruno Soares (Brazil)
    4. Women's Doubles - Martina Hingis (Switzerland) / Sania Mirza (India)
    5. Mixed Doubles - Elena Vesnina (Russia) / Bruno Soares (Brazil)
  2738. Noted Hollywood actor Abe Vigoda passed away.
  2739. International Hockey Federation (FIH) Hockey Stars awards 2015 -
    1. Male Player of The Year - Robert Van der Horst (Netherlands')
    2. Female Player of the Year - Lidewij Welten (Netherlands)
    3. Goalkeeper of the year (Women) - Joyce Sombroek (Netherlands)
    4. Goalkeeper of the year (Men) - David Harte (Ireland)
    5. Rising Star (Women) - Lily Owsley (Great Britain)
    6. Rising Star (Men) - Chrisopher Rühr (Germany)
  2740. West Indies batsman Shivnarine Chanderpaul announced his retirement from international cricket.
  2741. 30 Jan - Anti-Leprosy Day. It commemorates M K Gandhi, who was killed by Nahruram Godse on 30 January 1948.
  2742. Uttar Pradesh became Fourth state after Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to formally join Centre's UDAY scheme meant for revival of Discoms (State Power Utilities).
  2743. Kerala will host a three-day Nypunyam International Skill Summit in Feb 2016 to bridge gap between job market requirement and skill level of available workforce.
  2744. Iran signed a deal to buy 118 Airbus planes worth $25billion USD (Approx 160000 Crore INR).
  2745. Somalia agreed on Election Model outlined by Mogadishu Declaration that calls for electoral process in Somalia to establish a new, bicameral Federal Parliament in 2016. Term of non-elected Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) will end in 2016 after serving for four years.
  2746. Goa Government launched Goa e-Suvidha Portal for tracking mechanism to fast track projects. It aims at resolving issues in setting up infrastructure and other large projects with targeted investment between 50 - 1,000 crores.
  2747. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa won Presidential elections of Portugal.
  2748. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015 came into force to ensure more stringent provisions for prevention of Atrocities against Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
  2749. Japan's Izumo Takuto and Hong Kong's Zhu Chengzhu won in boys' and girls' categories in Even Sports 2015 ITTF World Junior Circuit Finals in Indore (Madhya Pradesh).
  2750. Andhra Pradesh Government launched Giriputrika Kalyana Pathakam Scheme to support the tribal women in their livelihood.
  2751. Tennis's governing bodies constituted Adam Lewis headed Independent Review Panel (IRP) to safeguard integrity in tennis.
  2752. Ishika Shah won 12th Sub-Junior National Snooker championship in Indore (Madhya Pradesh).
  2753. Eritrea issued a law to make it mandatory for men to marry at least two wives (Polygamy).
  2754. Government approved fitting of roof top solar energy panels over 10000 houses of Economically Weaker Sections in Tamil Nadu at a cost of 253 crore rupees under Prime Minister's Awas Yojana (PMAY).
  2755. Denmark's Parliament (Folketing) apprpved to confiscate (Seize) asylum seekers personal possessions in order to pay their upkeep.
  2756. Navneet Kaur Santosh Kadale won two gold medals in 34th Senior National Rowing Championship in Hyderabad (Telangana).
  2757. South African Graham Xavier Ford named chief coach of Sri Lankan cricket team for second term.
  2758. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) launched 2.8 billion USD appeal to reach 43 million children in humanitarian emergencies worldwide.
  2759. Second volume of memoirs of President Pranab Mukherjee The Turbulent Years – 1980-1996 has been released. In this book, he reminisced about crucial events of his political life including Indira Gandhi's assassination, Babri Masjid demolition, operation Blue Star and his ouster from Rajiv Gandhi's Cabinet.
  2760. Japan unveiled its first stealth fighter aircraft X-2.
  2761. Central Statistics Office (CSO) of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation released first revised estimates of national income, consumption expenditure for 2014-15 and second revised estimates of to 2013-14 -
    1. Nominal Gross Domestic Product for 2014-15 was 124.88 lakh crore while in 2013-14 it was 112.73 lakh crore (10.8 % Growth)
    2. Real GDP (base year 2011-12) for 2014-15 and 2013-14 was 105.52 lakh crore and 98.39 lakh crore respectively. It means 7.2 % growth during 2014-15, and 6.6 % during 2013-14.
    3. Previous Real GDP estimates for FY 2014-15 and 2013-14 was 7.3 and 6.9 respectively.
    4. Per capita income - Estimated at 79412 and 86879 rupees respectively for 2013-14 and 2014-15.
    5. Per capita private final consumption expenditure (PFCE) for 2013-14 and 2014-15 was 52022 and 56772 respectively.
  2762. Nathuram Godse - The Story of an Assassin, written by Anup Ashok Sardesai has been released.
  2763. Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) of United Kingdom granted license to Francis Crick Institute to use new gene editing techniques on human embryos.
  2764. Bangladesh Cabinet approved a proposed Citizenship Law that expandes scope for dual citizenship for expatriate (Living outside) Bangladeshi nationals. Before this, a provision was available for Bangladeshis having nationality of the UK and the US only.
  2765. Archana Ramasundram appointed as Director General of Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB). With this, Ramasundram became first woman to head a paramilitary force in India.
  2766. India and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will jointly explore environment of Ladakh under NASAs Spaceward Bound programme. During their 10-day expedition in August 2016, scientists will study similarities of certain parts of the regions topography and microbial life to the surroundings of Mars. Ladakh was chosesn as it offers cold, high altitude (3500 - 5500 meters ), high UV exposed with Mars analogue topological features.
  2767. Vietnam lifted temporary ban that it had put on import of Indian Groundnuts.
  2768. Himachal Pradesh Government will spend 15 crore rupees on Swachh Bharat Mission in tribal district of Kinnaur.
  2769. Virender Sehwag appointed as mentor of Kings XI Punjab team for season 9 of Indian Premier League (IPL).
  2770. BRICS Emerging Economies Universities Summit 2015 Held in Delhi, sponsered by TIMES Group.
  2771. 01 Dec - Statehood day of Nagaland. State was formed on 01 Dec, 1963.
  2772. 01 Dec - World AIDS Day (Held since 1988).
  2773. Noted Sarangi player,Ustad Sabri Khan Passed Away.
  2774. Government approved revised cost estimates of Rs. 4,799 crores for setting up five Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs) at Kolkata, Pune, Mohali, Bhopal and Thiruvananthapuram.
  2775. Government approved rehabilitation package of Rs 1110 Crores for Bangladeshi enclaves and Cooch Behar district (West Bengal) after transfer of enclaves between India and Bangladesh.
  2776. Government approved setting up six new Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in Andhra Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Goa, Jammu, Kerala and Karnataka.
  2777. Government approved agreements -
    1. Germany - Capital Goods Sector and Solar Energy.
    2. Japan - amending Double Taxation Avoidance Convention (DTAC) signed in 1989 for avoidance of double taxation and fiscal evasion
    3. Iran - visa facilitation for Diplomatic, Official/Service and Ordinary passport holders.
    4. Maldives - sports and youth affairs
    5. Israel - water resources management and development cooperation
    6. Korea - Air Services
  2778. Government approved introduction of Bill for establishment of a Regional Centre for Biotechnology in Faridabad (Haryana).
  2779. Southern Command of Army organized Command level exercise Drad Sankalp in Rajasthan.
  2780. Sixth Meeting of Group on Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) Group of Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes held in Delhi.
  2781. Abdulla Al Khalifa, Minister of Interior of Kingdom of Bahrain visited India.
  2782. Indian army and Air Force started Operation Madad for relief work in Heavy Floods in Chennai (Tamilnadu).
  2783. National Textile Corporation became First Textile Corporation, 51st Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) to sign Memorandum of Understanding with Transparency International India (TII) for adopting Integrity Pact (IP).
  2784. Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Subramanian led Committee recommendations for Tax Rates under GST Goods and Services Tax (GST) -
    1. Standard GST rate of 17 to 18 %. It is the rate at which most products would likely be taxed.
    2. Revenue-neutral rate of 15 to 15.5 %. It is a single rate at which there will be no revenue loss to the centre and states in the GST regime.
    3. Two options for states: Single rate of 1 % or a range of 17-18 %.
    4. Three-tier GST rate structure: Essential goods will be taxed at a lower rate of 12 %. Demerit goods such as luxury cars, aerated beverages, pan masala and tobacco products will be taxed at 40 % and remaining all goods will be taxed at a standard rate of 17 to 18 %.
  2785. Belgium ranks at top in employee happiness as per report Global Workforce Happiness Index by Universum.
  2786. Poland's footballer, Robert Lewandowski awarded with four separate official Guinness World Record certificates for scoring five goals in 9-minutes for German Football Club Bayern Munich against Wolfsburg.
  2787. Delhi Development Authority has been awarded with E-India award at E-India Summit 2015 for adopting technology to serve public better and using resources efficiently through mobile applications.
  2788. Ministry of Environment and Forest gave an environment clearance to the proposed Dholera International airport in Ahmedabad district.
  2789. 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference started in Paris (France) -
    1. It is 21st COP (Conference of Parties) for Planning Climate Change Actions and Combating Global Warming Issues.
    2. About 40,000 delegates from 195 nations are attended the summit. 183 countries submitted action plans to achieve the goal of limiting warming to 2 degree centigrade.
    3. Participating countries decided to double their clean energy research and development funding by 2020, as part of Mission Innovation for accelerating clean energy revolution across the world.
    4. Bill Gates led Breakthrough Energy Coalition formed to reduce demand for fossil fuels. It involves 28 rich people from different countries and works on five Investment Principles - Invest Early, Invest Broadly, Invest Wisely and Invest Together.
    5. United Nations and 13 agencies of UN system launched new initiative Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape to build climate resilience in world’s most vulnerable countries. The Iinitiative will enhance ability of the countries to anticipate climate hazards, absorb consequences and reshape development to reduce risks from climate hazards.
    6. Coalition of African countries launched African Restoration Initiative (AFR100) on with aim to restore 100 million hectares (250 million acres) of degraded African land by 2030.
    7. India and France launched International Solar Alliance (ISA) with an aim to harness solar power as a major step to mitigate carbon gas emissions.
      1. It will bring solar rich 121 tropical countries located between Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn together to tap solar energy.
      2. It will function from the Gurgaon based National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE).
      3. India will give assistance of $30 million for this initiative.
      4. PM Modi stated that India has solar capacity of 4GW and targets 100 GW by 2022. He called for developed countries to mobilise $100 billion annually by 2020 for mitigation and adaptation.
      5. France will invest 6 billion euros in 2016-2020 in Africa for enhancing renewable energy sources and cope with climate deterioration.
    8. Under Lima to Paris Action Agenda (LPAA) on climate change, A broad coalition of nations and river basin organisations across world announced Paris Pact on Water and Climater Change Adaptation. It aims to make water systems more resilient to climate change impacts and seeks to promote financial sustainability and new investment in water system management.
  2790. Government released two commemorative coins (Rs 10, Rs 125 denominations) as part of 125th birth anniversary year celebrations of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
  2791. Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, President of Mauritius Visited India.
  2792. 8th Joint Indian-Russian Navies Exercise INDRA NAVY edition of INDRA NAVY to be conducted in Bay of Bengal from 07-12 December 15.
  2793. Rajasthan became third state after Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand to join Centre's UDAY (Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana) Scheme, aimed at revival of debt-stressed power distribution companies.
  2794. 5th India International Science Festival (IISF) 2015 held in IIT Delhi. An attempt was made to set a new world record for largest practical science lesson by 2,000 schoolchildren from Delhi and NCR region here.
  2795. Janta Dal United's Vijay Kumar Chaudhary elected as new Speaker of Bihar legislative assembly.
  2796. Government will allow e-Postal Ballot System and Proxy voting to Overseas electors alternative voting options.
    1. e-Postal Ballot System - Blank ballots will be provided electronically to NRIs and thereafter after casting vote they can return it by normal post.
    2. Proxy voting - Appoint a proxy after following certain formalities and exercise his/her franchise.
  2797. Lok Sabha passed Bureau of Indian Standards Bill 2015 to establish Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) by replacing Bureau of Indian Standards Act 1986. BIS will be responsible for standardization and quality assurance of goods, articles and services etc. It will empower Government to make it mandatory to carry standard mark for certain notified goods and articles.
  2798. Government released commemorative postage stamp to mark Centenary year (100 year) of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI).
  2799. Australia passed Australian Citizenship Amendment (Allegiance to Australia) Bill, 2015 to strip citizenship of convicted persons on terrorism charges.
  2800. Scientist M Nair Rajeevan is appointed as Secretary of Union Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  2801. Goa Government launched National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013 to benefit over 33 % of states population. Beneficiaries will receive 5 kgs subsidised rice or wheat at subsidised rate of 3 rupees per kg and wheat at the rate of 3 rupees per kg to target persons.
  2802. GAIL India Limited launched geo-portal ‘Bhuvan-GAIL Portal system for utilising space technology for its pipeline monitoring to address pipeline safety concerns, in collaboration with National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of ISRO.
  2803. Delhi Assembly passed Delhi Jan Lokpal Bill, 2015 for establishment of statutory anti-corruption ombudsman to act against any government functionary through its own investigation wing.
  2804. Uttar Pradesh Government launched International festival on Birds at National Chambal Sanctuary to promote state as an international bird-watching destination.
  2805. Aditya Birla Group’s Idea Cellular signed Memorandum of Understanding with Akshaya Patra Foundation of Odisha for providing mid-day meals to school students in the state.
  2806. Axis Bank become Indias first bank to launch Display variant Debit Cards. The debit card has a display screen and touch-sensitive button that enables generating OTP on the card itself. This OTP will allow using internet banking and other facilities without having to wait for OTP delivery via SMS.
  2807. British astronaut Tim Peake will run London Marathon in space On 24 April 2016. He will run 26.2 miles on a treadmill on International Space Station (ISS) along with over 30,000 runners doing it in London Marathon.
  2808. Government will introduce system of e-transfer of wages to the MGNREGA scheme beneficiaries from January 1, 2016 in Kerala. This will try to prevent leakages in the scheme and If successful, then e-transfer of wages will also be introduced in other states
  2809. Noted Moroccan feminist writer and sociologist, Fatema Mernissi passed away.
  2810. 03 Dec - Birth Anniversary of Rajendra Prasad, first President of India.
  2811. 03 Dec - International Day of Persons with Disabilities. Theme for 2015 is Disabilities is Inclusion matters: access and empowerment for people of all abilities. Government launched Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan (Accessible India Campaign) to achieve universal accessibility to persons with disabilities.
  2812. Chinese President Xi Jinping announced 60 billion US dollars package to African nations during Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) held in Johannesburg, South Africa.
  2813. Allahabad High Court ruled that married daughters of deceased government employees will be eligible for appointments on compassionate grounds in government jobs.
  2814. Himachal Pradesh become first state to start Rotavirus vaccination project under Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP).
  2815. Australia won 2014-15 Mens Hockey World League Final by defeating Belgium. Final was played in Raipur (Chhattisgarh).
  2816. World Bank launched a $500 million dollars Transformative Carbon Asset Facility (TCAF) to help developing countries pay for emission reductions and combat climate change. Scheme will reward countries for reducing emissions by paying a fee for each tonne of carbon dioxide (CO2) reduced.
  2817. Singapore replaced Mauritius as top source of foreign direct investment (FDI) into India during first half of current fiscal year 2015-16. India received 6.69 billion dollars FDI from Singapore while it received 3.66 billion dollars from Mauritius.
  2818. Canada sent first consignment of 250 tonnes of uranium to India as part of bilateral civil nuclear cooperation between both countries.
  2819. Maharashtra become first state to launch an online mechanism for its members to send questions and move different motions in the House through website
  2820. Seeking to fast-track nuclear power projects,Union Government has introduced Atomic Energy (Amendment) Bill, 2015 in Lok Sabha. The amendment seeks to facilitate fast expansion of nuclear power and utilities. The move will help in getting funds for big projects by enabling NPCIL to enter into joint ventures with other government undertakings.
  2821. Kaher Kazem is appointed as President and Managing Director of India operations of General Motors.
  2822. As per a report, Indias forest and tree cover increased by 5081 Square kilometres. Total forest and tree cover is 79.42 million hectare(24.16 % of total geographical area).
    1. 15 States/UTs have forest cover above 33 % of geographical area.
    2. State wise maximum increase in forest cover - Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Jammu & Kashmir
    3. Largest forest cover in terms of area: Madhya Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
    4. Highest %age of forest cover : Mizoram (88.93%) Lakshadweep (84.56%).
  2823. China approved production of first manned two seater electric aircraft RX1E known as RX1E. RX1E is electric light-sport aircraft powered by lithium batteries and capable of flying upto 3000 meters.
  2824. South Western Railways Zone introduced biodiesel for trains, operating under its zone with 5 % biodiesel blended with High Speed Diesel. Aim is to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission and make fuel more efficient.
  2825. United Kingdom has been selected as host for next Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in 2018.
  2826. Henk Bekedam (Netherlands) is named as new World Health Organisation (WHO) representative to India.
  2827. 6th Asian Business Leadership Forum (ABLF) in Dubai -
    1. Biocon Limited CMD Kiran Mazumdar Shaw honoured with 2015 Outstanding Business Achiever award.
    2. Hinduja brothers and GMR Group chairman G.M. Rao presented with Achievement Award of ABLF.
  2828. India launched injectable inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) as part of global polio eradication. IPV injection will be given to children below one year of age. First phase will include namely Assam, Gujarat, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.
    1. In India, Hyderabad-based Shantha Biotechnics Private Limited is manufacturing ShanIPV vaccine, which will be used in injectable IPV programme. Shantha will provide 2.3 million doses of ShanIPV in 2015, and 9 million in 2016.
  2829. 04 Dec - Indian Navy Day. It commemorates start of Operation Trident during Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. In one-night attack the Indian Navy sank three vessels near largest Pakistani port of Karachi.
  2830. Brazil's economy decreased by 1.7 % during July-September 2015. Since 1930s it is Brazils longest recession as Brazil's third consecutive quarter of contraction started from January 2015.
  2831. Renowned violinist Lakshminarayana Subramaniam to be honoured with Sangeet Samman at ITC Sangeet Sammelan 2015 in Kolkata.
  2832. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan assumed Presidency of Royal Society in London. He was elected by societys council earlier and will serve for five years.
  2833. Indias Thakur Anoop Singh won gold medal in 7th WBPF World Bodybuilding and Physique Championships.
  2834. Industrialist, founder of Chettinad Group, MAM Ramaswamy passed away.
  2835. Pulin Kumar (Adidas India Executive) conferred with Indian National Bar Association's (INBA) General Counsel of the year 2015 - Retail Award.
  2836. Indian-American Vijay M Rao named as chairperson of prestigious Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Board of Directors.
  2837. YouTube and Subhash Ghai-owned film school Whistling Woods International opened its first video production studio in India.
  2838. Tata Sons Limited and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd (ICBC) formed a long-term partnership, under which ICBC will become a strategic banking partner to the $108 Billion Tata group. ICBC will provide Tata group with financing products, cash management, consulting and various other services.
  2839. Reserve Bank of India announced revised Priority Sector Lending (PSL) norms for Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) -
    1. PSL target increased to 75 % of total outstanding from existing 60 %, effective from 01-01-2016.
    2. Under PSL, Loans to individual farmers was increased to 50 lakh from present 10 lakh rupees against pledge of agricultural produce for upto 12 months.
    3. RBI lowered quantum of loans that will qualify as PSL from 25 lakh to 20 lakh rupees.
  2840. Reserve Bank of India cancelled certificate of registration of 56 non-banking finance companies (NBFCs), including ABNL, Future Ventures India and Bajaj Finserve.
  2841. Cochin Shipyard Ltd launched nineteenth of 20 Fast Patrol Vessels being built for Indian Coast Guard. The vessel was named ICGS Atulya.
  2842. National Research Development Corporation signed memorandum of agreement with CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad for marketing its inventions, patents, formulations, processes and collection of royalties.
  2843. Railways flagged off first Goa to Mumbai double-decker Shatabdi train.
  2844. Tata Trusts and Khan Academy announced five-year partnership to enable free online education for Indian market.
  2845. 05 Dec - International Volunteer Day. Observed across the world with the theme The world is changing. Are you? Volunteer!
  2846. Government approved amendments inNational Waterways Bill, 2015 and declared 106 additional inland waterways as national waterways. Now total number of national waterways goes upto 111.
  2847. Government approved agreement with United Kingdom in field of cooperation in energy.
  2848. Government approved agreement with Indonesia in field of cooperation in renewable energy.
  2849. India and South Korea signed Memorandum of Understanding on suspension of collection of taxes during pendency of Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP), to relieve burden of double taxation for taxpayers in both countries during the pendency of MAP proceedings.
  2850. India and United Kingdom launched joint initiative 2016: UK-INDIA Year of Education and Research. It will allow UK academicians to come to India under Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) programme and will enhance partnership in research work under IMPRINT (IMPacting Research Innovation and Technology).
  2851. Finance Minister of British Columbia state of Canada, Michael de Jong, Q.C. visited India.
  2852. UDAY (Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana) Scheme joined by Punjab , J &K , Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand. Note that Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Rajasthan joined earlier.
  2853. Government will establish 2 new Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research (IISERs) in Nagaland and Odisha States.
  2854. President Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated Umang 2015 (a Festival of Energy) in Delhi.
  2855. China issued first red alert on pollution it Capital Beijing due to hazardous air quality caused by severe air pollution.
  2856. Scientists at London based Imperial College genetically modified malaria-causing mosquito Anopheles gambiae species to fight disease of malaria.
  2857. Indian Institute of Science Bengaluru bagged United States military contract worth $52900 for research and development (R&D) on solar powered micro-grid.
  2858. Mauricio Macri sworn in as new President of Argentina.
  2859. Mexico approved worlds first-ever Dengue fever vaccine named Dengvaxia , manufactured by French pharmaceutical manufacturer Sanofi Pasteur.
  2860. India launched Indian Long Term Ecological Observatories (I-LTEO) programme to scientifically monitor 8 different biomes (natural landscapes) across the country. It aims to identify and monitor targeted socio-ecological challenges and help build capacity within India.
  2861. Indian Institute of Science (IISC) Bengaluru's Mr. U Ramamurty won 2015 Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) award in engineering. Jagdish Ladha (International Rice Research Institute, New Delhi) won in agricultural sciences and Sandip Trivedi (Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, Mumbai) in physics category.
  2862. Indian-American entrepreneur Frank Islam chosen for inaugural Uttar Pradesh Ratna Award for his achievements and outstanding contributions in a foreign country (USA).
  2863. Myanmar launched its first stock exchange named Yangon Stock Exchange.
  2864. Asian Development Bank released report Asian Economic Integration Report 2015. It examines current trends in trade, finance, migration, remittances and other economic activities and special economic zones (SEZs).
    1. Asia’s income elasticity of trade declined from 2.69 before the global financial crisis (2008-09) to 1.30 in 2015.
    2. Number of SEZs from 500 in 1995 to 4300 in 2015 shows strong and rising interest to this form of policy experiment.
    3. India has become the third largest source of inward FDI for the United Kingdom (UK) after the US and France in number of projects.
    4. For India, high technology and low technology exports constituted 4.1 and 58.8 respectively in 1990, they contributed to 8.6 and 35.0 % respectively in 2014.
  2865. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj Visited Pakistan.
  2866. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved creation of buffer stock of pulses to deal with fluctuation in prices of pulses and food inflation. Stock will consist about 50000 tonnes of kharif pulses and 1 lakh tonnes rabi Pulses from crops in 2015-16.
  2867. Time magazine named German Chancellor Angela Merkel as Person of Year 2015. Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is named runner-up.
  2868. Iran successfully carried out test of medium range Ghadr-110 ballistic missile with range 1,800 - 2000 km. With this, Iran so far has breached 2 United Nations Security Council resolutions that refrained Iran from any work on ballistic missiles for 8 years.
  2869. Lok Sabha passed Indian Trusts (Amendment) Bill 2015, to amend Indian Trusts Act 1882 to remove irrelevant archaic provisions from 133 year old legislation.
  2870. Parliament passed Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill 2015 to amend Negotiable Instruments Act 1881 to make cheque-bounce filing of cases more convenient for check payees.
  2871. Fifth edition of Heart of Asia conference started in Islamabad (Pakistan). It is annual regional gathering of Asian and other countries. External affairs minister Sushma Swaraj visited of India's Behalf.
  2872. India and Japan signed Protocol for amending existing convention for avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to income taxes.
  2873. Government imposed anti-dumping duty ranging from 5 - 57 % on import of cold-rolled flat products of stainless steel for 5 years. Hhighest duty of 57.39 % has been levied on steel imports from China, followed by European Union at 52.56 5. Imports from Thailand will have least imposition of 4.58 %.
  2874. Bollywood actor Naseeruddin Shah honoured with lifetime achievement award at 12th edition of Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF).
  2875. Pakistan successfully test-fired nuclear-capable Shaheen-III ballistic missile with range upto 2700 KM.
  2876. On My Terms: From the Grassroots to the Corridors of Power, autobiography of former Union Minister Sharad Pawar has been released.
  2877. Indian author Salman Rushdie awarded 2015 Mailer Prize for Lifetime Achievement.
  2878. London-based Asian Lite newspaper conferred its 2015 Person of Year honour on businessman K.T. Mohammed Rabeeh Rabeeulla.
  2879. Facebook set up a SME Council in India to help small ventures from various industries share feedback and discuss ideas around leveraging technology.
  2880. Haryana Government will celebrate Gita Jayanti Mahotsava in Dec 2015. Rs 10 lakh would be provided to each district for setting up of exhibition, tentage, craft work etc .
  2881. Goa is listed in top 10 Best Winter Locations of World by international agency Atlas Choices.
  2882. Central Research Institute in Yoga and Naturopathy will be set up in Khordha District, Odisha by Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy.
  2883. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) become first oil company from India to join the World Banks Zero Routine Flaring by 2030 Initiative, a global initiative to end routine gas flaring at oil production sites.
  2884. Carolina Marin of Spain won 2015 BWF Female Player of the Year Award. China’s Chen Long won prize in Male Category.
  2885. 07 Dec - Armed Forces Flag Day.
  2886. Teams from Pune and Rajkot will compete in Indian Premier League (IPL) replacing suspended Chennai Superkings and Rajasthan Royals for 2 years.
  2887. Memorandum of Understanding signed among Ministry of Textiles, Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) and National Textile Corporation (NTC) in order to set up a Technology Centre (Tool Room) at Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh).
  2888. India's National Stock Exchange signed an agreement with London Stock Exchange Group (LSEG) for collaboration and setting up a Joint research centre.
  2889. India placed at 4th position in black money outflows among developing and emerging economies between 2004-2013, as per a report by Global Financial Integrity’s. China at top with 139 billion dollars average,Russia (104 billion dollars / annum), Mexico (52.8 billion dollars) and India fourth with 51 billion dollars black money outflowed per annum.
  2890. National Green Tribunal put complete ban on use of plastics along stretch of Ganga from Gomukh to Haridwar in Uttarakhand.
  2891. New Zealand formally become 9th founding member of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). New Zealand's ratification will contribute to AIIB reaching 50 % threshold needed for AIIB to establish operations. AIIB would have around 100 billion U.S. dollars of initial capital.
  2892. Karnataka government signed an Expression of Interest agreement with Reitzel Group.
  2893. India and Singapore signed an agreement for Singapore airport developer Changi being nominated for taking up management of the Indian airports - Ahmedabad and Jaipur.
  2894. Hyderabad based Hetero Drugs became first Indian company to receive DGCIs approval for hepatitis C drug in India, under product name Ledisof.
  2895. Government has set up A mechanism known as SETU (Self-Employment and Talent Utilisation) under NITI Aayog  to support all aspects of start-up businesses and other self- employment activities.
  2896. Two Indians, Kartik Sawhney and Neha Swain won 2016 Queen's Young Leaders award in United Kingdom for their exceptional work in transforming lives of others and making lasting difference in communities.
  2897. Luxembourg became 10th country to ratify Articles of Agreement (AoA) to lay legal framework for China-initiated Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).Australia, Austria, Brunei Darussalam, China, Mongolia, Nepal, New Zealand, Singapore and United Kingdom have already ratified agreement so far. There are 57 founder-member countries of AIIB with its headquarters in Beijing.
  2898. Former Sri Lanka captain Mahela Jayawardene awarded with an honorary life membership of Marylebone Cricket Club (UK).
  2899. Noted Electrical Equipment Manufacturer ABB India appointed Sanjeev Sharma as Managing Director.
  2900. Metropolitan Stock Exchange (formerly MCX Stock Exchange) appointed Udai Kumar as MD and CEO.
  2901. Kapil Chopra has been appointed as Chairman of World Travel & Tourism Council India Initiative (WTTCII) for 2016.
  2902. Government approved establishing 3 Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs) at Ranchi, Nagpur and Pune.
  2903. Myanmar launched its first United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Biosphere Reserve Inle Lake in Shan state.
  2904. Two Indian cities Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) and Jaipur (Rajashan) have been designated as members of UNESCO's Creative Cities Network (UCCN).
  2905. National Green Tribunal (NGT) banned on registration of new diesel vehicles in Delhi due to growing air pollution in city.
  2906. Noted agro-economist Sharad Anantrao Joshi passed away.
  2907. Prakash Kumar Singh appointed as chairman of Steel Authority of India (SAIL).
  2908. Indian IT Firm Wipro won 2015 Aegis Graham Bell Award for developing a solution for the Internet of Things (IoT), called Universal Data Parser (UDP).
  2909. Indian cyclist Deborah Herold became first Indian female cyclist to be ranked 4th in World Women Ranking for 500m time trial event by International Cycling Union. Indian team also improved to 13th rank.
  2910. India-Laos Cultural Conference held in Delhi.
  2911. National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Annual Report 2014-15 Recommendations -
    1. Make the Commission a permanent and statutory body with powers of Civil Court to lend it more credibility.
    2. Contract system should be abolished and ensure payment of minimum wages for Safai Karamcharis.
    3. Death victims among Safai Karamcharis should be compensated with minimum 10 lakh rupees.
    4. Protection of rights, ensuring risk allowance, implementation of effective financing schemes for rehabilitation of Safai Karamcharis, etc.
  2912. 9 December - International Anti-Corruption Day.
  2913. Russia and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) agreed to reform Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) that was suspended earlier due to scams.
  2914. Ola Cabs appointed Joy Bandekar as Corporate President.
  2915. Maharashtra defeated Punjab to win 2015 National Wheelchair Basketball Championship.
  2916. US House of Representatives passed Visa Waiver Program Improvement Act 2015. It will bar people who visited Iraq, Syria and countries after 1 March 2011 to participate in visa-free program.
  2917. Yes Bank announced to mobilize 5 billion USD by 2020 for climate action through lending, investing and raising capital towards climate changes actions. Bank also Targeted
    1. funding of 5000 MW of clean energy.
    2. Creating a carbon sink by planting 2 million trees.
    3. Touch 100 million lives through its safe and clean drinking water program.
  2918. Delhi Assembly passed three education bills - Delhi School Verification of Accounts and Refund of Excess Fee Bill, Delhi School Education (Amendment) Bill (DSEAA), and Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Delhi Amendment) Bill. These bills aim at reining in private schools and bringing in systemic reforms in education sector.
  2919. 10 Dec - Human Rights Day (HRD). It marks 10 Dec 1948 when the United Nations adopted Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Theme for 2015 is Our Rights. Our Freedoms. Always.
  2920. Cricketer Rohit Sharma became co-owner of Pro Wrestling League team UP Warriors.
  2921. Delhi Government announced vehicle rationing scheme to curb air pollution in the city. In first phase , vehicles with odd and even number plates would be allowed to run on alternate days between 1 January and 15 January 2016.
  2922. Supreme Court ordered Government to operationalise Organised Crimes Investigating Agency (OCIA) by 1 December 2016 to probe human trafficking cases.
  2923. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Handbook of Statistics Report 2015 -
    1. This annual publication provides statistics relevant to international trade, investment and development for 2014.
    2. Total global exports for 2014 were 24 trillion USD, up by 1.2 % compared with 2013. India's exports were 321 billion USD as compared to 314 billion USD in 2013.
    3. International service exports accounted for 21 % of total global exports.
    4. Merchandise Exports were total 19 trillion USD (79 %).
    5. Foreign Direct Investment : Total FDI inflows were 1.2 trillion USD, fell by 16 % in 2014 as compared to 2013.
  2924. Delhi Assembly passed Members of Legislative Assembly Salaries, Allowances, Pension Amendment Bill 2015. It seeks 400 % hike in salaries of Delhi MLAs. It is based on recommendations of three-member PDT Achary panel.
  2925. Aricent (USA) product engineering firm tied-up with India's Nasscom Foundation to launch Aricent Employability Programme aimed at creating employment opportunities for 2500 engineering graduates across Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Delhi NCR and Rajasthan.
  2926. United Nations agencies launched a 1.98 billion USD Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016 to mobilise international support to tackle triple crisis of poverty, insecurity and climate change in 9 Nations in Sahel region in Africa.
  2927. Government approved 4000 crore rupees proposal for encouraging Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Industry.
    1. To counter cost-disadvantages, government will grant assistance of 20 % of contract price or fair price, following delivery of the ship. Assistance will be reduced by 3 % in every 3 years.
  2928. Government slashed Minimum Export Price (MEP) of onions to 400 USD per tonne from 700 USD. MEP is rate below which no exports are allowed for concerned goods. Rise in MEP restricts exports and improves domestic supply.
  2929. Supreme Court upheld Haryana Government's amendment to Haryana Panchayati Raj (Amendment) Act, 2015. The Act mandates educational qualifications and other eligibility criteria for candidates who aspire to contest the rural local body elections.
  2930. International Cricket Council announced new 4 year (2016 - 2020) global partnership with OPPO (Chinese Mobile Brand). In October 2015, ICC entered into an 8-year global partnership deal with Japanese car maker Nissan Motors.
  2931. United Nations Committee Against Torture (UNCAT) asked China to halt torture of detainees and oppression of human rights activists. Report is based on survey of eight countries - Liechtenstein, Azerbaijan, Austria, Denmark, China, Hong Kong China, Macao China and Jordan.
  2932. DuPont and Dow Chemical Company merged in an all-stock deal to create merged firm DowDuPont with combined market capitalization of approximately 130 billion USD.
  2933. Alibaba Group Holding Ltd acquired 112-year old English newspaper South China Morning Post.
  2934. Government appointed Justice L Narasimha Reddy as chief of Judicial Committee to look into implementation of One Rank One Pension (OROP) scheme for Ex-Servicemen.
  2935. Government launched website of all 36 Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Hospitals with URL It will bring all 36 ESIC hospitals on one platform.
  2936. Arun Kumar Jain has been appointed as chief of Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
  2937. Mohd.Jamshed taken over as new Member Traffic, Railway Board.
  2938. India- OPEC Meet held in Delhi. Attended by Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dharmendra Pradhan on India's Behalf.
    1. OPEC - Secretary General is Abdallah Salem el-Badri and Head quarters in Vienna (Austria)
    2. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries is an international organization of 13 member countries. Members are - Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela.
  2939. Government approved Memorandum of Understanding with Spain for cooperation in Port matters.
  2940. Government approved an MoU with BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries for strengthening and further developing of energy saving and energy efficiency cooperation.
  2941. 10th Ministerial Conference of WTO (World Trade Organization) held in Nairobi (Kenya). Attended by Ms Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of State(Independent Charge) for Commerce and Industry on India's Behalf.
  2942. Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe visited India -
    1. India and Japan signed co-operation agreements in various fields Including
      1. Transfer of Defence Equipment and Technology Cooperation
      2. Amendment of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
      3. Technological Cooperation in Rail Sector
      4. Medical Products Regulation Dialogue and Cooperation Framework
      5. Forests
      6. Civil Nuclear Pact
      7. Co-operation to introduce High Speed Rail (HRS) on Mumbai Ahmedabad sector. It is a 508 km line connecting Mumbai and Ahmedabad with total cost 97,636 crores rupees and to be done in 7 years. It will reduce travelling time between the two cities from eight hours to around three. Japan will extend loan of 12 billion dollars (.1%) and technical assistance. Loan will be for 50 years.
  2943. World Bank approved $1.5 billion loan for clean India campaign to ensure all citizens in rural areas have access to improved sanitation and end open defecation by 2019.
  2944. ISRO Launched its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C29 successfully with six satellites from Singapore. Six satellites together weighed about 624 kg.
  2945. Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India launched $10 billion gas pipeline to help ease energy deficits in South Asia. Indian Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari attended on India'a Behalf. It is expected to build gas link with annual capacity of 33 billion cubic metres by end of 2018.
    1. TAPI project will cover 1,800 km, beginning from Turkmenistans Galkynysh field with gas reserves are 16 trillion cubic feet.
    2. It has capacity to carry 90 million standard cubic metres a day (mmscmd). Both India and Pakistan will get supply of about 38 mmscmd and Afghanistan will get 14 mmscmd supply of natural gas.
  2946. Powerful Typhoon Melor (also known as Nona) hit central Philippines with powerful wind of 200 kph followed by intense rainfall.
  2947. 14 Dec - National Energy Conservation Day. Government launched ‘Star Rating’ mobile app on this occasion. It is linked to Standards and Labeling database and provides platform to compare energy saving devices across and get real-time feedback from consumers. It will help make better purchase decisions.
  2948. Government appointed Ahmad Javed as Indias Ambassador to Saudi Arabia.
  2949. 10 Day Long Festival of Losar begun in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir to mark beginning of New Year in this Himalayan region.
  2950. Legendary actor Dilip Kumar has been conferred with prestigious Padma Vibhushan, countrys second highest civilian award.
  2951. Indian-origin writer Jamaludeen Mohamed Sali from Singapore has been awarded with 2015 South East Asia Write Award at annual ASEAN regional award for literary excellence in Bangkok (Thailand).
  2952. Indias golfer Anirban Lahiri won coveted Order of Merit crown of Asian Tour for year 2015.
  2953. Indian-origin Pravin Gordhan appointed as South Africa's Finance Minister.
  2954. Rajasthan become first state to submit smart city plans for three selected cities - Udaipur, Kota and Ajmer.
  2955. Israeli-American violinist Itzhak Perlman awarded 2016 Genesis Prize (also known as Jewish Nobel prize).
  2956. United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Index 2015 -
    1. India placed at 130th position in among 188 countries. with 0.609 score. In 2014, Indias rank was 135 with 0.586 score.
      1. Indias Life expectancy at birth - Increased to 68 years in 2014 from 67.6 in previous year and 53.9 in 1980.
      2. Gross National Income (GNI) per capita increased to $5,497 in 2014 from $5,180 in 2013 and $1,255 in 1980.
      3. Access to knowledge - Expected years of schooling remained at 11.7 since 2011. Mean years of schooling at 5.4 has not changed since 2010.
      4. Gender Development Index (GDI) of India is 0.795 in 2014. The female HDI value for India is 0.525 in contrast with 0.660 for males.
      5. Gender Inequality Index - India ranked 130th with value of 0.563 out of 155 countries in 2014.
    2. Top Three Countries - Norway, Australia and Switzerland (3rd).
    3. Indias Neighbours - : Sri Lanka (73), China (90), Bhutan (132), Bangladesh (142), Nepal (145), Pakistan (147) and Afghanistan (171).
    4. BRICS - Russia (50), Brazil (75), China (90), South Africa (116) and India (130)
  2957. International Atomic Energy Agency ended its 12-year investigation into Iran's developing nuclear weapons. Move is seen as key step towards lifting international sanctions agaist Iran. Earlier in July 2015, P5+1 nations and Iran had agreed Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) to lift the sanctions.
  2958. To curb Increasing Pollution, Supreme Court banned registration of all diesel SUVs (Sports Utility Vechiles) and luxury cars in National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi with engine capacity over 2000 cc.
    1. Trucks carrying goods for Delhi will have to pay environment compensation charge of 2,600 rupees for big trucks and 1,400 rupees for light commercial vehicles.
    2. All private cabs in Delhi should convert to Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) by March 1, 2016.
  2959. Supreme Court appointed Virendra Singh as new Lokayukta of Uttar Pradesh.
  2960. Government approved introduction of Bill to amend Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 to modify list of Scheduled Castes in 5 States - Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal.
  2961. Government approved policy framework for development of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) in unexplored coal and lignite bearing areas.
    1. Underground Coal Gasification is a clean coal extraction technology for extracting energy from coal seams and lignite resources which cannot be mined through traditional mining.
    2. In this, coal ias converted into product gases such as methane, hydrogen, CO and CO2 that are used for electricity generation.
    3. Gasification is carried out in non-mined coal seams using injection of oxidants that brings product gas to surface through production wells.
  2962. Government approved Google's Project Loon for providing Internet connectivity by using large balloons, Announced by Google CEO Sunder Pichai during His Visit in Delhi.
    1. Loon is Googles ambitious project that aims at providing low-cost Internet access to remote areas. Under this, high altitude floating telecom tower balloons are positioned at a height of 20 km for transmission of internet services. Each balloon can provide broadband internet coverage up to an area of 40 km.
  2963. Average temperature over Arctic land for year ending September 2015 was highest on record indicating that Arctic is warming twice as fast as other parts of Earth. It was announced by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of USA. Temperatures in Arctic were 1.3 degrees Celsius above average.
  2964. Combined Commanders Conference annual tri-services event chaired by PM Narendra Modi held on board INS Vikramaditya. It was first time when this conference was held outside Delhi.
  2965. Pakistan successfully tested nuclear-capable Shaheen-IA ballistic missile with a range of 900 km.
  2966. India will host ICC World Twenty20 Tournaments of Men and Women in 2016. Men's event will have total prize money of $5.6 million and prize money for women's event will be $400,000.
  2967. 26th conference of Southern Zonal Council hosted in Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh).
    1. Zonal Councils in India are created under State Reorganization Act, 1956. These are advisory bodies that discuss various matters of common interest. There are five Councils - Eastern, Western, Northern, Southern, and Central.
    2. Meeting of each Zonal Council needs to be held once in a year.
  2968. 11 December - International Mountain Day.
  2969. Health Minister Jaiprakash Nadda laid foundation stone for Indias largest National Cancer Institute at AIIMS campus in Haryanas Jhajjar district.
  2970. 12th South Asian Games 2016 will be jointly hosted by Guwahati and Shillong from February 6-16, 2016. TIKHOR, a one-horned rhino will br mascot of the games. Logo of the event is a flower with eight petals representing 8 - participating nations.
  2971. Turkmenistan hosted International conference on policy of neutrality on the occasion of 20th anniversary of status of permanent neutrality.
  2972. Gambia (West Africa) declared itself as an Islamic republic. About 90 % of Gambia’s 1.8 million people are Muslims.
  2973. Saudi Arabia announced launch of Islamic Military Coalition to counter terrorism with participation of 34 nations and operations center in Saudi Arabia’s capital (Riyadh).
  2974. Japanese Badminton Players Kento Momota and Nozomi Okuhara won Men's singles and Womens singles title respectively at BWF World Superseries finals in Dubai.
  2975. Maharashtra government constituted a task force for setting up an International Financial Service Centre in Mumbai. It will be headed by Union Minister of State for Finance Jayant Sinha.
  2976. Cricketer Rohit Sharma along with Graphic India will launch a new environmental superhero team called 'Hyper Tygers'.
  2977. Lalit Modi re-appointed as president of the Rajasthan Cricket Association after being ousted for 14 months.
  2978. Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation tied up with PayTm for making it easier for Train passengers to make online payments for food ordered through e-catering with IRCTC.
  2979. Bose Brothers and Indian Independence – An Insiders Account written by Madhuri Bose(Grand-niece of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose) has been released.
  2980. Government approved revised Model Text for Indian Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT).
  2981. 2nd World Internet Conference held in Zhejiang province of China.
  2982. 16 Dec - Vijay Diwas observed to remember martyrs who laid down their lives during Indo-Pak War of 1971.
  2983. Government asked states to start Operation Smile-II from 1 January 2016. Operation Smile-II is a campaign to rescue/rehabilitate the missing children.
  2984. World Bank and FIRST Initiative launched Principles for Public Credit Guarantee Schemes (CGSs). These provide generally accepted set of good practices that can serve as a global reference for the design, execution and evaluation of public CGSs that serve small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
  2985. 14th Meeting of Heads of Governments of SCO (Shanghai Co-operation Organization) Member States concluded in Zhengzhou (China).
  2986. Uttar Pradesh Government approved UP Revenue Code (Amendment) Ordinance 2015 to enable Dalits to sell their land to non-Dalits without administration approval.
  2987. West Bengal Government honoured Bappi Lahiri and Kumar Sanu with Lifetime Achievement Awards at annual Bangla Sangeet Mela. Musician Shantanu Moitra was awarded Sangeet Mahasamman Award.
  2988. Green Peace India released National Air Quality Index (NAQI) Report of 17 cities.
    1. Delhi is listed as most polluted city in world, while 13 Indian cities figured in 20 most polluted cities.
    2. World Health Organisation reported that estimated that outdoor air pollution caused 3.7 million deaths worldwide in 2012.
    3. Delhi has PM2.5 Annual Average (µg/m3) Value of 153, most in the world. Followed by Patna and Gwalior.
  2989. Andhra Pradesh Government approved to abolish VAT (Value-added tax), CST (Central Sales Tax) on Sugar factories.
  2990. Federal Reserve, central bank of USA increased interest rate by 0.25 %. With this, interest rates in USA are now in range of 0.25 – 0.50 % as compared to 0 to 0.25 % earlier.
  2991. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas appointed committee under Ajit Prakash Shah to look into dispute between Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) and Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) on Krishna Godavari (KG) gas fields.
  2992. Tata Starbucks appointed Sumi Ghosh as Chief Executive Officer.
  2993. Hindustan Unilever accquired Mosons Group's flagship brand Indulekha for 330 crore rupees.
  2994. World Trade Organisation approved Afghanistans membership as 164th Member at WTOs Tenth Ministerial Conference in Nairobi (Kenya).
  2995. Ministry of Finance raised monetary limit for filing appeals to 10 lakh rupees in Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) and 20 lakh rupees in High Court. Ministry seeks to reduce tax litigation by about 50 %.
  2996. Delhi became first to implement recommendations of Supreme Court appointed committee under KS Radhakrishnan To deal with traffic violations in the city.
  2997. United Nations-brokered Libyan Political Agreement on formation of a national unity government has been signed. Aim is to create a single set of institutions for a secure and prosperous Libya.
  2998. Open Government Partnership selected Indian-origin Sanjay Pradhan as its head.
  2999. Sanctuary Asia magazine Awards 2015 -
    1. Lifetime Service Award - Claude and Norma Alvares.
    2. Sanctuary Legend - Ashok Kumar
    3. Wildlife Service Awards - Varad Giri (National Centre for Biological Sciences),   Nandini Velho (organiser of first Arunachal Pradesh Bird Festival), Param Jit Singh, Yash Veer Bhatnagar (Snow Leopard Trust's India) and Gir Lion Protection Team.
  3000. India's Mahindra Group acquired Italian car designer Pininfarina SpA for 165 million USD.
  3001. 18 December - International Migrants Day.
  3002. Mr. Panos Kammenos, Defence Minister of Greece visited India.
  3003. R. K. Mathur has been appointed as Chief Information Commissioner in Central Information Commission.
  3004. Sahitya Akademi Awards 2015 in 23 languages -
    1. Jury headed by Vishwanath Prasad Tiwari. Award in Bengali is to be announced later
    2. Award carries plaque, shawl and a cheque of 1 lakh rupees and presented on 16 February 2016 during Festival of Letters (annual festival of Sahitya Akademi).
    3. Awardees -
      1. Poets - Brajendra Kumar Brahma, Dhian Singh, Ramdarash Mishra, KV Tirumalesh, Kshetri Ranjen, Ram Shankar Awasthi
      2. Short Stories - Kula Saikia, Man Mohan Jha, Gupta Pradhan, Bibhuti Pattanaik, Maya Rahi, Volga
      3. Novelists - Cyrus Mistry, KR Meera, Jaswinder Singh, Madhu Acharya
      4. Essayists - Rasik Shah, A Madhavan
      5. Play Writers - Uday Bhembre, Rabilal Tudu
      6. Authors of Books on Criticism - Bashir Bhadarwahi, Shamim Tariq
      7. Author selected for a book on memoirs - Arun Khopkar for Chalat Chitravyooh in Marathi
  3005. United Nations International Labour Organisation report Global Estimates on Migrant Workers -
    1. Number of Migrant workers are approx 15 crores while Number of Total International migrants are approx 23 Crores. Among migrant workers, 55.7 % are men.
    2. 48.5 % of migrant workers are in two sub-regions - Northern America and Northern, Southern and Western Europe.
    3. About ILO - Headquarters (Geneva, Switzerland), Chief - Guy Ryder
  3006. National Stock Exchange launched three separate indices on 3 corporate houses - Tata, Aditya Birla and Mahindra Group. Its first of its kind indices made to reflect performance of companies belonging to these corporate groups.
    1. Nifty Tata Group Index has 25 companies with market capitalisation of 7.51 lakh crore rupees and 7.83 % share in market capitalisation of companies listed on NSE
    2. Nifty Aditya Birla Group Index- It has 8 companies with market capitalisation of 2.08 lakh crores and represents 2.17 % of market capitalisation of companies listed on NSE.
    3. Nifty Mahindra Group Index has 7 companies with market capitalisation of 1.64 lakh crores and 1.71 %of market capitalisation of companies listed on NSE.
  3007. Renowned theatre artist and writer Chatla Sriramulu passed away.
  3008. Uttar Pradesh government baned use of polythene to protect environment and public health.
  3009. Noted British Novelist Peter Dickinson passed away. He was best known for childrens books and detective stories.
  3010. Zoological Survey of India Scientists discovered new species of eel named Bengal moray eel (Gymnothorax mishrai) in Purba Medinipur district of West Bengal.
  3011. West Bengal Government approved formation of 5 new districts, taking total number of districts to 25. New districts are -
    1. Kalimpong - Will be carved out from Darjeeling district.
    2. Sundarbans
    3. Basirhat - Will be formed from North 24 Parganas district.
    4. Burdwan (Industrial) - Will be made by dividing existing Burdwan district
    5. Jhargram - Will be made out of West Midnapore district
  3012. President Pranab Mukherjee has been awarded 2015 Garwood Award for Outstanding Global Leader in Open Innovation from UC Berkeley-Haas School of Business.
  3013. United Nations Security Council adopted resolution No. 2254 outlining a peace process in Syria to end Syria's five-year-long civil war.
  3014. Pia Wurtzbach of Philippines won Miss Universe 2015 (64th Miss Universe pageant) held in Las Vegas (USA).
  3015. Mother Teresa, a Roman Catholic religious sister and missionary will be given Sainthood and will be made a saint of Roman Catholic Church in September 2016.
  3016. India's biggest Wildlife Rescue Centre named as Gorewada Zoo and Wildlife Rescue Centre started in Gorewada (Near Nagpur), Maharashtra.
  3017. Ruling conservative Peoples Party of Spain led by Mariano Rajoy won 2015 general elections by winning 123 seats. It will form coalition government for another 4 years term.
  3018. Ministry of Defence launched website to make defence acquisition process simpler and to provide an interface with industry.
  3019. United States (USA) lifted 40 year ban on oil exports as part of a 1.1 trillion USD spending bill to fund US government until 2016. It would enable energy deficient countries including India to open up another frontier and diversify import basket of oil from US.
  3020. India's Cochin Shipyard Limited Received notice to build Liquefied natural gas (LNG) ships. Cochin Shipyard signed a license agreement with French technology company Gaztransport & Technigaz (GTT) in this Regard.
  3021. Barcelona FC won 2015 FIFA Club World Cup for record third time. Final match was played at International Stadium Yokoham in Japan and Barelona FC Defeated River Plate FC by 3-0 goals.
  3022. Chennaiyin FC won second edition of Indian Super League (ISL) Football tournament by defeating Goa FC.
  3023. United States (US) Senate ratified reforms in International Monetary Fund (IMF). Proposed reforms are -
    1. Put Brazil, China, India and Russia among IMFs top 10 shareholders and give emerging markets more influence in IMF.
    2. Chinas vote at IMF would increase to 6 % from 3.8 %.
    3. IMFs Board will entirely consist of elected Executive Directorsa and will end current category of appointment of Executive Directors by five largest quotas holders.
    4. Quotas of all 188 members will increase as Funds quota resources rise to about 477 billion special drawing rights (SDR) from 238.5 billion.
    5. Indias voting rights will also rise to 2.6 % from the current 2.3 % while those of US drop from 16.7 % to 16.5 %.
  3024. University of South Florida launched a postgraduate annual fellowship worth $156,000 in name of former Indian president Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam for Indian students. Recipients will obtain a fee waiver for 4 years and a stipend worth $18,000 every year.
  3025. Coal India become title-sponsor for 3 editions of Hockey India League beginning 2016. Tournament has six franchises - Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Mumbai, Ranchi, Odisha and Punjab.
  3026. India has been ranked 97th out of 144 nations on Forbes's annual list of best countries for doing business. Denmark topped the list. USA (22nd), United Kingdom (10th), Japan (23rd), China (94th) and Pakistan is 103rd.
  3027. Government lowered its economic growth forecast for 2015-16 to 7-7.5 % from 8.1-8.5 %. Finance ministry said it will stick to fiscal deficit target of 3.9 % for current year.
  3028. Mireia Lalaguna of Spain won Miss World 2015 (65th edition of Miss World pageant) held in Sanya (China).
  3029. Arunachal Pradesh's Legislative Assembly Members (MLA) passed a resolution to remove Speaker Nabam Rebia.
  3030. Jeff Williams appointed as Chief Operating Officer (COO) of Apple Inc.
  3031. Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health will open its First South Asian Centre in Mumbai (Maharashtra), in a bid to broaden its reach and improve health in India and world.
  3032. Defence Acquisition Council approved purchase of Russian advance S-400 Triumf Air Defence Missile Systems from Russia for approx 40000 crore rupees.
  3033. Pension fund regulator PFRDA started using PAN instead of Aadhaar for validation of new customers who can now be registered online under National Pension System (NPS) scheme.
  3034. United Nations Launched International Year of Pulses 2016 with theme nutritious seeds for a sustainable future.
  3035. Eugeneson Lyngdoh won Men's and Bala Devi won Women's 2015 All India Football Federation (AIFF) Player-of-the-Year Awards respectively.
  3036. Miss Iraq beauty pageant held for first time since 1972. Shaymaa Qasim Abdelrahman won Miss Iraq 2015.
  3037. Kane Williamson became first New Zealand cricketer to top International Cricket Council's (ICC's) Test rankings.
  3038. India’s Abhay Singh won Under-19 Singapore Squash Open by defeating Alwin Chai of Malaysia.
  3039. World Bank Groups Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD) initiative released Migration and Remittances Factbook 2016 about latest statistics on Migration and remittance flows for 214 countries -
    1. Number of international migrants is expected to surpass 25 crore in 2015.
    2. Top migrant source countries - India, Mexico, Russia, China, Bangladesh and Top migrant destinations - USA, Saudi Arabia, Germany, Russia, UAE.
    3. India was largest remittance receiving country with 72 billion USD in 2015, followed by China (64 billion) and the Philippines (30 billion USD).
    4. United States was largest remittance source country with 56 billion USD outflows in 2014, followed by Saudi Arabia (37 billion) and Russia (33 billion).
  3040. Delhi Government appointed Gopal Subramanium Commission for enquiring DDCA (Delhi & District Cricket Association) scam.
  3041. Tata Motors named 49th in Top 50 in annual Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard for 2015, Prepared by the European Commission. List was topped by German automaker Volkswagen. Others in Top Five were Samsung, Microsoft, Intel and Novartis.
    1. Tata Motors moved up from last years 104th position and showed largest increase in R&D investments on the list.
    2. In the expanded list of world's 2500 top R&D firms, there are 26 Indian companies. 829 from US, 360 from Japan, 301 from China.
    3. In terms of number of companies on the list, India was overall placed at 15th position.
  3042. American aerospace company SpaceX successfully launched and landed Falcon 9 rocket along with 11 satellites to low-Earth orbit. It is the first time in history that a rocket has returned back after delivering a spacecraft to its orbit, so that it could potentially fly again. This will help in reducing cost of access to space making explorations a more realistic goal.
  3043. Noted German Music Conductor, Kurt Masur passed away.
  3044. Singapore Slammers defeated Indian Aces to win Indian Premier Tennis League (IPTL) - 2015.
  3045. Andy Murray (UK) received 2015 BBC Sports Personality of the Year award in London.
  3046. Digital media brand Arre from UDigital, acquired Apalya Technologies.
  3047. Government of Nepal amended Constitution to address two key demands of Madhesis -
    1. Madhesi people inhabit the flat southern region of Nepal known as the Madhesh.
    2. Their Demands are -
      1. Dissatisfaction with Pahadi (hill) communities getting 100 seats in parliiament while Madhesis got 65 only, being that both communities have equal participation in population.
      2. Secondly, Madhesis were also fighting against Constitutional scheme related to proposed boundaries of the new provinces.
  3048. New Zealand cricketer Brendon McCullum announced retirement from all forms of international cricket. He will retire after test series against Australia to be held in February 2016.
  3049. Gurgaon-based on-demand grocery service PepperTap acquired Bengaluru-based hyperlocal grocery delivery startup Jiffstore.
  3050. Odisha Government launched Anwesha scheme to provide free education to scheduled caste and scheduled tribe students. Under the scheme, 5000 SC and ST children will annually be enrolled into Standard I in leading private schools in urban areas.
  3051. 59th National Shooting Championships in New Delhi -
    1. Elizabeth Susan Koshy - Gold in Women's 50m Rifle 3 Positions
    2. Vijay Kumar - Gold in centre fire pistol
    3. Gurpreet Singh - 25m standard pistol
    4. Pemba Tamang - Rapid fire pistol
    5. Achal Pratap Singh Grewal - 25m sports pistol
    6. Apurvi Chandela - Gold in 10 metre Air Rifle
    7. Chain Singh - Gold in 50m rifle 3-position
  3052. 22 December - Indian National Mathematics Day. Marsks birth of great Indian Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan on 22 Dec, 1887.
  3053. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved an umbrella scheme for integrated development and management of fisheries under Blue Revolution. Cost will be approx 3000 crores.
  3054. Under Ethanol Blending Programme (EBP), Government scaled up blending targets from 5% to 10% to promote blending of ethanol with petrol and its use as alternative fuel.
  3055. Devendra Chaudhary is appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI).
  3056. Railways signed 3 Memorandum of Understanding with Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) at Kanpur, Madras and Roorkee for setting up of Centres for Railway Research.
  3057. President Pranab Mukherjee laid foundation stone for Karnataka state cancer institute of Kidwai memorial institute of Oncology in Bengaluru.
  3058. Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singh launched two mobile apps for farmers.
    1. Mobile app Crop Insurance will help farmers in finding details about insurance cover available in their area and calculate insurance premium for notified crops, coverage and loan amount etc.
    2. Mobile apps AgriMarket Mobile can be used by farmers to get market prices of crops in mandis within 50 km radius of the device and other mandis in the country.
  3059. Pawan Kumar Agarwal appointed as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Food Regulator Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
  3060. Jet Airways appointed Amit Agarwal as its Chief Financial Officer (CFO).
  3061. Philippines became first Asian country to approve sale of the worlds first ever dengue vaccine Dengvaxia manufactured by French pharmaceutical manufacturer Sanofi Pasteur.
  3062. Government approved revised c ost estimates to Rs 1775 Crore for Construction of Salma Dam Project in Afghanistan. It is one of important project implemented to generate goodwill for India in Afghanistan.
  3063. Government approved Lucknow Metro Rail Project Phase – 1 A. It will cover approx 23 km with 22 stations with cost of 6,928 crore rupees.
  3064. Reserve Bank of India extended deadline for exchanging pre-2005 currency notes of various denominations by another six months to June 30, 2016.
  3065. India's first indigenously designed warship INS Godavari has been decommissioned after 32 years of service.
  3066. Indian American professor Rakesh K. Jain has been selected for 2015 National Medal of Science of United States, along with 16 other winners.
  3067. Lok Sabha passed Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Bill 2015 to amend Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
    1. It seeks to raise eligibility limit for payment of bonus from a salary of 10000 to 21000 rupees.
    2. It seeks to raise this calculation ceiling of bonus to 7000 rupees per month or minimum wage under Minimum Wages Act 1948 (whichever is higher).
  3068. Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change notified revised standards for coal-based Thermal Power Plants with aim of minimising pollution.
    1. Thermal power plants are categorised into 3 categories - Installed before 31st December, 2003, Installed after 2003 and up to 31st December, 2016 and Installed after 31st December, 2016.
    2. It would help improving Nation Ambient Air Quality (AAQ) index around thermal power plants and reducing mercury emission to 70-90%.
  3069. Parliament passed Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2015 for trying juveniles as adults for heinous offences.
  3070. China launched Dark Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE) satellite to shed light on mysterious dark matter and search for smoking-gun signals of dark matter, invisible material.
  3071. Indian Boxer Vijender Singh became first Indian to score Pro-Boxing hat-trick by winning third successive knockout against Bulgaria’s Samet Hyuseinov in England.
  3072. ITF (International Tennis Federation) World Champions 2015 -
    1. Women's Singles - Serena Williams (United States) - 6th Time
    2. Men's Singles - Novak Djokovic (Serbia) - 5th Time
    3. Womens Doubles - Martina Hingis (Switzerland) and Sania Mirza (India)
    4. Mens Doubles - Jean-Julien Rojer (Netherlands) and Horia Tecau (Romania)
    5. Junior World Champions - Dalma Galfi of Hungary (Male) and USAs Taylor Fritz (Female)
  3073. Zimbabwe adopted Chinese Yuan as legal tender in return for debt cancellation worth 40 million dollars. Yuan will now be acceptabile with customers in Zimbabwe.
  3074. Government approved investment of 5000 crore rupees by Oil and Natural Gas Company Limited (ONGC) into ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) by converting existing loan of equivalent amount into equity.
  3075. International Cricket Council (ICC) Awards 2015 in Dubai (UAE)
    1. Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy - Steven Smith (Australia)
    2. Test Cricketer of the Year - Steven Smith (Australia)
    3. ODI Cricketer of the Year - AB de Villiers (South Africa)
    4. Women’s ODI Cricketer of the Year - Meg Lanning (Australia)
    5. Emerging Cricketer of the