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Indian Railways Selection Process and Rank Structure, Recruitment in Indian Railways

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Indian Railways is divided into 17 Zones, each of these zones is further divided in divisions with a total of 68 Divisions. Each zone is headed by a General Manager (GM). Similarly, Each division is also headed by a separate Divisional Railway Manager (DRM).

Going down in the hierarchy, there are divisional officers belonging to various departments such as engineering, electrical, mechanical, accounts, personnel etc. These officers report to the DRM that contacts the Railway ministry directly. Further, there are station masters that control the flow of train traffic through their specific stations.

The officers in Indian railways are divided in Four Grades - Grade - A, Grade - B, Grade - C and Grade - D Officers.

Grade A officers are the highest level officers in Indian railways. Recruitment in Grade A is done through Civil Services Examination and Combined Engineering Services Examination conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission).

Through Civil Services exam, Group 'A' personnel are recruited for Following services :-

  • Indian Railway Traffic Service,
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service,
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service,
  • Railway Protection Force (RPF)

Through Combined Engineering Services Exam, Group 'A' personnel are recruited for Following services :-

  • Indian Railway Service of Engineers,
  • Indian Railway Stores Service,
  • Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers,
  • Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers,
  • Railway Service of Signal Engineers

Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers personnel are also recruited through UPSC Special Class Railway Apprentice Examination.

Group 'B' Officers are promoted directly from Group 'C'.

Group 'C' officers are recruited by 19 Railway Recruitment Boards (RRBs) that operate under the control of Railway recruitment control board (RRCB).

These Railway recruitment boards are the prime recruiting agencies for zonal railways, production units etc. They ask for applications for various Group 'C' vacancies through Technical and Non-Technical cadre exams.

Group 'C' technical services include Civil, mechanical, electrical engineering, signal and telecommunication etc.Non -technical services include, Clerks, Assistant Station Masters, Ticket Collectors, Train Clerks, etc.

The selected candidates are recommended to the zonal railways and the provisional appointment is made form zonal railways headquarters. Various RRBs are given as below along with Their Websites.



RRBs at Website
Jammu & Srinagar


The Group D posts are filled at the divisional level.