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Meetings Current Affairs Quiz - November 2018

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1. 26th meeting of General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) held in Versailles (________________________________). It was notable as members voted for redefinition of 130 years old Le grand K – the SI unit of kg in terms of the fundamental Planck’s constant(h). New definitions will come into force on 20 May 2019.

  1. CGPM comprises 60 countries including India and 42 Associate Members.
  2. Out of five draft resolutions, revision of International System of Units and the definition of timescales are important. Definition of seven base units namely, second, metre, kilogram, ampere, Kelvin, mole and candela has been changed from being linked to artefacts to being based on the fundamental constants on nature.
  3. Definition of kilogram changed from being mass of prototype sanctioned by the 1st CGPM held in Paris in 1889 and deposited at the BIPM to Planck constant which is a physical constant. Definition of metre changed to link it to the speed of light. Similarly, there is a change in the definition of time also. Units are expected to be stable in the long term, internally self-consistent and practically realisable.
  4. International prototype of kilogram (IPK) is kept at BIPM, Paris and serves as international standard of kilogram. It is made of 90% platinum and 10% iridium and is a cylinder of 39 mm diameter and 39 mm height.
    1. Replicas of IPK are made of the same material and used at BIPM as reference or working standards and national prototype of kilogram (NPK), kept at different National Metrology Institutes (NMIs).
  5. Having an artifact as the world standard for a measurement unit has two fundamental problems
    1. It can change value over time but, without any way of knowing how it changes, as it’s a standard.
    2. It is difficult to bring every mass-measurement device to France every time it needs calibration. Thus, national standards labs have their own kilogram standards that they periodically bring to France for comparison against Prototype. NPK-57, kept at CSIR- National Physical Laboratory (India), is sent periodically to BIPM for calibration. Precise measurements help country in production of international quality products.
  6. As per New Definition, The kilogram is defined by taking fixed numerical value of the Planck constant h to be 6.626 070 15 × 10−34 when expressed in the unit J s, which is equal to kg m⊃2; s−1, where the meter and the second are defined in terms of c and Δv.
    1. When it comes into force on May 20, 2019 (World Metrology Day), new kilogram definition will do away with comparisons to International Prototype. It will enable the national labs to create their own standard for the kilogram because it will be reproducible. Process for realising a kilogram will rely on a tool called Kibble balance.
    2. Kibble balance is a self-calibrating electromechanical balance and provides measurements of mass, traceable in terms of electrical parameters and provides linkage of macroscopic mass to Planck constant(h). Nations Including UK, USA, Canada, Germany Have successfully developed Kibble balance for 1 kg with an uncertainty of measurement in order of 10-8. NPL India is looking forward for development of 1 kg Kibble balance.
France
Germany
Spain
Russia
None of These


2. 2nd International Symposium to Promote Innovation & Research in Energy Efficiency (INSPIRE 2018) held in _______________________, organised by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) and World Bank.

  1. Awards were given to four pathbreaking innovations in clean energy and energy efficiency as part of #InnovateToINSPIRE, a first-of-its-kind energy innovation challenge.
  2. To support investments in new, innovative and scalable business models, EESL and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed an agreement for a Global Environment Facility (GEF) grant of USD 13 million to establish an Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund (EERF).
  3. During INSPIRE 2018, EESL and GAIL signed MoU to develop natural gas based cogeneration and trigeneration projects in Commercial & Industrial Sectors in India.
Jaipur
Guwahati
New Delhi
Ahmedabad
None of These


3. 33rd ASEAN (Association of South East Asia Nations) Summit held in _______________________, with theme Resilient and Innovative. Other related summits including East Asia Summit (EAS), Regional Comprehensive Economic Summit, (RCEP) and ASEAN plus summits also to be held along with.

  1. India's Union Minister for Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu attended RCEP member countries meet in Singapore.
  2. Also, Officials from 4 countries (Quad) – Australia, India, Japan and the United States also held their third “Quadrilateral” meeting in Singapore.
Chile
Vietnam
Japan
Singapore
None of These


4. 5th World Internet Conference (WIC) held in Wuzhen (___________________), to bring out mutual learning, cooperation and sharing in digital fields space.

  1. During this event, state-run press agency Xinhua unveiled world’s first artificial intelligence (AI) anchor that can read news in English and Native Language.
Cambodia
Myanmar
Vietnam
Japan
China


5. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit 2018 held in ____________________.

  1. APEC is an inter-governmental forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies. India is not a member of APEC, although it has expressed its interest for Inclusion in APEC.
Fiji
Kiribati
Papua New Guinea
Vanuatu
None of These


6. First ever India-US Dialogue on Intellectual Property (IP) was launched in ________________ to deepen bilateral strategic cooperation on IP policy.

New Delhi
Jaipur
Shillong
Guwahati
None of These


7. Meeting of BASIC countries organized by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in __________________. BASIC group consists of Brazil, South Africa, India and China.

Johannesburg
New Delhi
Beijing
Tokyo
None of These


8. South Asian Regional Conference on Urban Infrastructure held in ________________, organised by NITI Aayog in partnership with United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (UNESCAP) and Asian Development Bank (ADB).

New Delhi
Jaipur
Shillong
Beijing
None of These




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