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International Current Affairs Quiz - April 2019

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1. __________________ will allow visa-free entry to Indian nationals holding a valid US Visa, to promote both cultural and business ties. It was announced during President Ram Nath Kovind's recent visit.

Chile
Russia
Croatia
Spain
None of These


2. ___________________ Navy Held seven-nation Indian Ocean military exercise, starting in Sri Lanka and traveling to Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Singapore.

Russian
British
Australian 
American
None of These


3. ___________________ launched its first second generational data relay satellite named Tianlian II-01, from Long March-3B Carrier rocket. It will provide, data relay, transmission services, measurement and control for manned spacecraft, satellites and carrier rockets.

Vietnam
Russian
Japan
China
None of These


4. ____________ Ministry of Education has agreed to issue equivalency for all Indian degrees that match the set criteria , as a relief for Indians there. _________ equivalency on Indian degrees is mandatory for Indians to work there.

UK
Russia
USA
Saudi Arabia
UAE


5. IT Firm _________________ acquired US-based Strong-Bridge Envision, to enhance its digital transformation consulting capabilities. Deal was worth 45 million dollars.

TCS
Wipro
HCL
Tech Mahindra
None of These


6. _______________ emerged global leader in online voting with 44% of votes in the recently concluded parliamentary elections in country.
Estonia
Lithnia
Bolivia
Croatia
None of These


7. USA will cut aid to countries of Northern Triangle (__________________________, Honduras, and El Salvador), blaming them for sending migrants to USA. These countries share a border tri-point at Trifinio biosphere reserve, and also aspects of classical cultures, history, society, and politics.

Jamaica
Guatemala
Cuba
Barbados
None of These


8. ___________________ declared ‘Reiwa’ as the name of its new imperial era that will begin on May 1, 2019, after new Crown Prince Naruhito ascends Chrysanthemum Throne. 

  1. Crown Prince Naruhito will succeed his father Emperor Akihito, putting an end to three decades long ‘Heisei’ era. Emperor Akihito’s abdication will be the first in 200 years.
  2. New era will be the 248th in the history of _____________.
  3. Era name ‘Reiwa’ is drawn from 7th century poetry collection “Manyoshu”. ‘Rei’ and ‘Wa’ stands for ‘order’ and ‘peace’, respectively.
  4. The Outgoing era ‘Heisei’ means achieving peace, which began on January 8, 1989. Heisei is first era without a war in nation’s modern history.
Japan
China
Russia
Vietnam
None of These


9. India and US have set up the first ever secure communication link between the naval headquarters and the US Central as well as Pacific Naval Commands under landmark Indo-US COMCASA (___________________) pact signed in 2018.

Communications, Compatibility & Security Agreement
Communications, Concentrated & Security Agreement
Communications, Compatibility & Seize Agreement
Comparable , Compatibility & Security Agreement
None of These


10. India signed an agreement with National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Consultancy Service (NABCONS) for setting up India-Africa Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development (IAIARD) in _________________ (East Africa) to enhance capacity in areas of agro-financing and entrepreneurship development for African countries.

Chad
Mozambique
Cuba
Malawi
None of These


11. US based Health Effects Institute (HEI) and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) released report State of Global Air-2019 -

  1. Report indicates that India and China are collectively accounted for more than fifty percent of global 5 million deaths due to air pollution.
  2. India specific findings -
    1. Major PM2.5 sources in India include household burning of solid fuels; dust from construction, roads, and other activities; industrial and power plant burning of coal; brick production; transportation; and diesel-powered equipment.
    2. Approx 84.6 Crore people in India and 45.2 crore in China are exposed to household air pollution in 2017.
  3. Globally -
    1. Less developed countries suffer PM2.5 exposures that are four to five times those of more-developed countries.
    2. 5 countries with lowest national PM2.5 exposure levels - __________________________, USA, Norway, Estonia, Iceland
The Netherlands
Singapore
New Zealand
Maldives
None of These


12. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 2019 Global Report on Food Crises report -

  1. Around _________________________ crore people in 53 countries experienced acute food insecurity in 2018, compared to 124 million in 2017.
  2. Nearly two-thirds of those facing acute hunger are in just 8 countries - Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. 
  3. 13 countries (including North Korea and Venezuela) are not in analysis because of data gaps.
21.3
11.3
7.3
5.3
None of These


13. _________________________ launched world’s first nationwide 5G mobile networks, being first providers of super-fast wireless technology in world. Three top telecom providers—SK Telecom, KT, and LG Uplus—began their 5G services. 5G will bring smartphones near-instantaneous connectivity, 20 times faster than existing 4G.

USA
France
Israerl
Japan
South Korea


14. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) approved loans worth $280 million for its first two projects in ______________. A $200 million loan will improve housing conditions for low-income communities in Colombo while another loan of $80 million will be used to reduce risk and damage from landslides in ____________.

Sri Lanka
Nepal
Bangladesh
Bhutan
None of These


15. BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) and India International Exchange (India INX) signed MOU with Moscow Exchange (MOEX) (______________) to connect investor community and companies in both countries besides allowing a capital formation platform.

France
Russia
Spain
Russia
None of These


16. Asian Development Bank (ADB) published its ‘Asian Development Outlook 2019’ report -

  1. ADB has cut India’s growth forecast to ______________ for 2019-20 because of a slower-than-expected pickup in investment demand. Growth rate in Financial Year 2020-21 is likely to be 7.3%.
  2. Growth in East Asia decelerated by 0.2% to 6.0% in 2018, weighed down by weakening external trade and moderating investment in China PRC but sustained by resilient domestic consumption.
5.2%
6.2%
7.2%
8.2%
None of These


17. National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) and global transport infrastructure operator Roadis (Canada Based) will jointly set up a platform to invest up to _________________________ of equity in road projects in India. Platform would target toll-operate-transfer models and acquisitions of existing road concessions.

$1 billion
$2 billion
$5 billion
$7 billion
None of These


18. Indian Navy's INS Kolkata and INS Shakti will take part in _____________________ Navy's anniversary celebrations,from 21 to 26 April.

Japanese
Chinese
Vietnamese
Russian
None of These


19. Joint military exercise between Morocco and _________________, named African Lion 2019 began in Morocco.

China
Russia
UK
US
None of These


20. US House of Representatives voted to end US involvement in _________________’s civil war, rejecting US President's support for Saudi-led campaign in ___________. Even though the resolution has been passed with an overwhelming majority at the House of Representatives, Mr Trump is expected to veto the legislation.

Yemen
Syria
Iraq
Iran
None of These


21. Time 100 Most Influential Peoples' List 2019 -

  1. Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani, public-interest litigators Arundhati Katju and Menaka Guruswamy are Indians on the List. Arundhati Katju and Menaka Guruswamy spearheaded a historic legal battle for LGBTQ rights in India.
  2. Anand Mahindra (chairman of Mahindra Group) wrote profile of Mukesh Ambani for TIME 100 influential people. Actress Priyanka Chopra wrote profile for ArundhatiKatju and Guruswamy.
  3. List also includes Indian-American comedian and TV host Hasan Minhaj. It also Includes _______________ Prime Minister Imran Khan.
Pakistan
Bangladesh
Nepal
Myanmar
None of These


22. 150 Indian peacekeepers serving with UN Mission in _____________ were honoured with medals of honour by the United Nations for their dedicated service and sacrifice.

  1. Till Now, over 200,000 Indian Personnel have served under various peacekeeping missions of UN and 168 Indian military personnel have lost their lives under UN flag.
Libya
South Sudan
Congo
Afghanistan
None of These


23. 2nd Belt and Road Forum (BRF) held in Beijing (China), with participation of 126 countries and 29 international organisations, up from from 60 countries and international organisations seen in first edition of BRF in 2017.

  1. Like first one, India did not participate in this edition as well.
  2. Italy and Luxembourg are European Nations that recently joined BRI, Taking number of European member states to __________________.
  3. As per a report released during 2nd BRI Summit, Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) economic corridor is no longer a part of BRI project, which was listed previosuly. Its mainly due to Indian Boycotting BRI project.
  4. About BRI -
    1. BRI, also called “21st Century Silk Road” or China’s Marshall Plan, was announced in 2013. It is made of “belt” of overland routes and maritime “road”, with aim to connect Asia, Europe and Africa.
    2. Chinese enterprises faces operational problems in overseas port projects linked to BRI. ‘Premature Mentality’ in evaluating commercial value of investment projects leads to suspension, rethinking over project costs and finally to debt trap.
    3. Examples Include Sri Lanka’s Hambantota port which was forced to lease to China for 99 years; complete suspension and rethinking of a billion dollar Malysian railway project; Projects costs in Maldives, Ethiopia, Pakistan, are worrtsome.
    4. India has always opposed BRI. Reason is violation of territorial sovereignty as China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) which is one of key BRI project, passes through Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir.
20
25
5
15
None of These


24. According to United Nations Population Fund Report -

  1. India’s population grew to __________________ billion at an average annual rate of 1.2% between 2010 and 2019 which stands more than double the annual growth rate of China.
  2. India’s population is 1.36 billion in 2019, picking from 942.2 million in 1994 and 541.5 million in 1969.
  3. Compared to India, China’s population has grown at an average annual rate of 0.5% between 2010 and 2019. Currently in 2019, China’s population stands at 1.42 billion which has risen from 1.23 billion in 1994 and 803.6 million in 1969.
  4. In India, fertility rate per woman dropped from 5.6% in 1969 to 3.7% in 1994 to 2.3% in 2019. Life expectancy at birth was 47 years in 1969, 60 years in 1994 and now, 69 years in 2019, thus recording a thorough enhancement in life expectancy at birth.
  5. Maternal Mortality Ratio decreased from 488 deaths per 100,000 live births (in 1994) to 174 deaths per 100,000 live births (in 2015).
1.31
1.39
1.46
1.26
1.36


25. According to report by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) -

  1. World’s military expenditure risen by 2.6% to reach 1.82 $ trillion in 2018 (_____________ of global GDP).
  2. US and China are 2 biggest spenders, with 649 billion USD and 250 billion USD defence expenditures respectively.
  3. India’s military expenditure had hiked by 3.1% to reach 66.5 $ billion and Pakistan’s expenditure grew by 11% to reach 11.4 $ billion.
  4. India was 4th highest Defence Spender in 2018. 3rd Place was accquired by Saudi Arabia (67.6 Billion USD).
1.2%
3.1%
2.1%
2.5%
None of These


26. African Nation _________________________ will be undertaking large scale pilot tests for the world’s most advanced experimental malaria vaccine in a bid to prevent the disease. With Trade name Mosquirix, vaccine has been developed by British pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline in partnership with PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative. Four successive doses of the vaccines must be administered on a strict timetable for it to work.

Malawi
Egypt
Sudan
DR Congo
None of These


27. After US refusal to extend sanctions waiver for India to import crude from Iran, India has decided to end imports from Iran. Shortfall will be met through alternate supply sources available in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE and Mexico.

  1. India is world’s third-biggest oil consumer and meets more than 80 per cent of its oil needs through imports. In 2017-18, Iran was India’s third-largest supplier after ____________________________ and Saudi Arabia.
  2. Recently, USA announced that all buyers of Iranian oil will have to end their imports shortly or face sanctions, terminating sanctions waivers USA granted to some importers of Iranian oil in late 2018.
UAE
Iraq
Kuwait
Libya
None of These


28. ___________________ is observed as Mujibnagar Day in Neighbouring Nation Bangladesh, with tributes to Father of Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. It marks formation of First provincial government of newly formed Bangladesh in 1971.

Apr 1
Apr 7
Apr 17
Apr 10
None of These


29. Arab League will pay ___________________ to Palestinian National Authority to plug resulting gaps since Israel has blocked tax transfers earlier in 2019.

  1. In February 2019, Israel freezed funds transferred to Palestinian Authority, accusing it of transferring the money provided by Israel to terrorists. Israel collects taxes on behalf of Palestine Authority, and says that terror salaries are encouraging further violence.
$500 million
$400 million
$300 million
$200 million
$100 million


30. Arunachalam Muruganantham (Tamil Nadu), inventor of a low-cost sanitary pad-making machine and grassroots mechanism has been featured at 45th rank in Fortune magazine’s 2019 list of world’s 50 greatest leaders. He invented machine in 2004 that remakes cellulose into low-cost sanitary napkins, costing INR 137000. He marketed over 1300 machines through his company Jayaashree Industries.

  1. Top 3 - Bill and Melinda Gates, Jacinda Ardern (for her response to Christchurch mosque shootings in February), Robert Mueller (for his findings of Donald Trump campaign’s collusion with Russia).
  2. List also features _______________________ Activist Sunita Danuwar.
Indian
Bangladeshi
Nepalese
Bhutanese
None of These


31. As per 2019 __________________________ (GFPR) prepared by Washington DC-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) -

  1. 82 Crore people globally are facing chronic food deprivation.
  2. Rural transformation and revitalization have been pre-eminent goal of India’s development efforts since independence.
  3. It also points out Increasing urbanization, income, growing integration of food supply chains and food systems in India which offer new opportunities for employment in rural areas.
Global Fuel Preparation Report
Global Food Preparation Report
Global Fuel Policy Report
Global Food Policy Report
None of These


32. As per FITCH report, RBI is ________________________ central bank in Asia-Pacific region to begin an explicit interest rate easing cycle buoyed by benign food inflation and easier global financial condition.

  1. In 4 months of 2019, RBI has cut policy interest rates twice by 0.25 % each to one-year low of 6 %. This is first back-to-back rate cut since MPC was formed in late 2016.
  2. Fitch estimates India to grow at 6.8 % (FY 2019-20) in current fiscal and 7.1 % in next (FY 2020-21).
Second
First
Third
Fourth
None of These


33. As per WHO’s (World Health Organisation) list of 15 most polluted cities in the world -

  1. Kanpur (_____________________) is the most polluted city in the world and is positioned 1 on the list.
  2. 14 of the 15 most polluted cities in the world are in India. Faridabad in Haryana is in 2nd position after Kanpur.
  3. Delhi is ranked 6th on the list.
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
Himachal Pradesh
Assam
None of These


34. As per World Bank’s Migration and Development Brief Report -

  1. India retained its position as world’s top recipient of remittances in 2018, with Indians working abroad sending back _________________________ to home. India received $ 62.7 billion remittances in 2016 and it was $65.3 billion in 2017. India was followed by China ($67 billion), Mexico ($36 billion), Philippines ($34 billion) and Egypt ($29 billion).
$379 billion
$227 billion
$179 billion
$97 billion
$79 billion


35. As per a report, United Nations owes India USD ____________________, highest it has to pay to any country, for peacekeeping operations as of March 2019. total amount payable to countries for peacekeeping missions was USD 265 million. Of this, UN owes USD 38 million to India, followed by Rwanda (USD 31 million), Pakistan (USD 28 million), Bangladesh (USD 25 million) and Nepal (USD 23 million) ?

28 million
38 million
48 million
58 million
None of These


36. As per recently published US-based World Resources Institute (WRI) report, world lost 12 million hectares (30 million acres) of tropical tree cover in 2018. It is fourth largest annual decline since global satellite data become available in 2001.

  1. Most destruction was seen in ______________________________ (13,500 sq-km), Congo (4,800 sq-km), Indonesia (3,400 sq-km), Colombia (1,800 sq-km), Bolivia (1,500 sq-km) and Madagascar lost 2% of its entire rainforest in 2018.
  2. Only Indonesia showed reduction in loss of its primary forest from past 2 years. It has world’s 3rd largest total area of tropical forest and is biggest producer of palm oil.
  3. Forests act as Carbon sink by absorbing about 30% of man-made GHG emissions (over 11 billion tons of CO2 per year) on other hand ocean soaks another 23%. So, losing vast tracts of tropical forest not only releases carbon into atmosphere, it also reduces size of carbon sink.
  4. WRI (headquartered in Washington, D.C., USA) was established in 1982.
Brazil
Argentina
Bolivia
Congo
None of These


37. Asian Tea Alliance (ATA) has been opened in Guizhou (___________________________________). Its union of five tea-growing and consuming countries, aimed at boosting tea trade, cultural and technical exchanges as well as global promotion of tea. Alliance was constituted with Indian Tea Association, Indonesian tea Marketing Association, China tea marketing Association, Sri Lanka Tea Board and Tea Association.

Philippines
Myanmar
Vietnam
Japan
China


38. Batman will become first Inductee of Comic-On Museum’s Character Hall of Fame, at 50th Annual Comic-Con International in San Diego (_______________) in July 2019.

USA
UK
Russia
Spain
None of These


39. ____________________ government sent bill for ratification of Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) initiative for road and rail connectivity to its upper senate, which aims at improving rail and road connectivity in the region. Agreement for BBIN Motor Vehicle Agreement was signed by four member nations in June 2015.

  1. Bangladesh, India, and Nepal ratified the pact and agreed to start its implementation among the three signatory countries, with Bhutan joining after it ratifies the agreement.
Bangladesh
Bhutan
India
Nepal
None of These


40. _____________________ pledged £4 million to support global anti-slavery projects. Six organisations, such as charity Anti-Slavery International and UN University will share aid money from The Modern Slavery Innovation Fund. The funding will also be used to run workshops on modern slavery in South Africa, improve support for survivors in India, and develop an online data hub to boost anti-slavery policies.

France
Spain
Russia
USA
Britain


41. Central Asian Nation _________________________ has set up Coordinating Council for attracting foreign investments inclusive of investments from India. It aims to increase volume of investment in fixed assets in medium term to 30% of GDP of nation, with FDI as primary driver ?

Turkmenistan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Uzbekistan
None of These


42. ________________ Updates -

  1. Launched 2 Tianhui II-01 satellites, aimed to perform scientific experiments, land resource and geographic survey, and mapping. The satellites were launched by a Long March 4B carrier rocket.
  2. Launched its first second generational data relay satellite named Tianlian II-01, from Long March-3B Carrier rocket. It will provide, data relay, transmission services, measurement and control for China’s manned spacecraft, satellites and carrier rockets.
  3. Tested world's first armed amphibious drone boat which can be used in land assault operations and is capable of forming a combat triad with aerial drones and other drone ships. Built by Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Group under China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), its named Marine Lizard.
Japan
China
Myanmar
Philippines
None of These


43. Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) released 2019 Index of Cancer Preparedness (ICP) (28 Nations) -

  1. India is Overall ranked __________________
  2. Cancer in 2018 caused 9.6 million deaths worldwide making it the 2nd biggest killer.
  3. Top 3 nations - Australia (1), The Netherlands (2), Germany (3).
  4. Bottom 3 nations - Saudi Arabia, Romania and Egypt.
19th
29th
39th
49th
None of These


44. Egyptians voted for constitutional amendments approved by Egyptian Parliament -

  1. Amendments extend presidential terms from 4 to ____________________ years. It wouls also give “current president” the right to 2 new terms totalling 12 years.
  2. The amendments confer a political role for the army to “protect” the constitution, democracy and the “civilian” nature of the state.
  3. It introduces one or more vice presidents, revive Senate and enshrine a 25 per cent quota for women in parliament.
  4. Referendum comes 8 years after a pro-democracy uprising ended Hosni Mubarak’s 30 year autocratic rule, and 6 years after military overthrow of Egypt’s first freely elected president Mohammed Morsi.
9
5
10
8
6


45. _______________ emerged global leader in online voting with 44% of votes in the recently concluded parliamentary elections in country.

Luxembourg
Estonia
Bulgeria
Croatia
None of These


46. European Union and United Nations strengthened partnership on counter-terrorism, by signing a Framework on Counter-Terrorism sstrengthening EU-UN partnership, on occasion of their second EU-UN high-level political dialogue on Counter-Terrorism held in New York (_____________________).

USA
UK
Russia
Spain
None of These


47. For first time in ________________________'s history, president, vice president, members of People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), and members of local legislative bodies were elected on same day of General Elections, with over 190 million voters. Results will be out by May 22.

Laos
Cambodia
Malaysia
Thailand
Indonesia


48. Forbes Released list of Best Indian Banks. Top 5 - HDFC Bank (1), ICICI Bank (2), DBS (3), Kotak Mahindra Bank (4) and IDFC Bank (5).

  1. Syndicate Bank, PNB, Allahabad Bank, Vijaya Bank and Axis Bank were ranked from sixth to tenth respectively.
  2. India's largest public sector bank, State Bank of India (SBI), was ranked ______________________ by customers.
11th
12th
16th
8th
None of These


49. Forbes' First Blockchain’s Billion Dollar Babies list, featuring top 50 organizations that are leading in adapting decentralized ledgers to their business -

  1. Apart from top players like Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft, and Walmart, The List also includes six giants from world of blockchain technology - Coinbase, Bitfury, Gemini, Ripple, and Circle.
  2. _______________ based Insurer MetLife is also Included in List.
India
US
Spain
France
None of These


50. General Electric (US) in association with _________________ has established India’s first ‘Cold Spray’ SMART (Surface Modification and Additive Research Technologies) Laboratory, making ____________ only academic institution with High-Pressure Cold Spray (HPCS) facility in India.

IIT Jodhpur
IIT Roorkee
IIT Kanpur
IIT Delhi
IIT Madras


51. ________________-sponsored resolution 2467 (2019), on sexual violence, is adopted by United Nations Security Council (UNSC) condemning rape as a weapon of war. Russia and China abstain from voting.

German
French
Spanish
British
None of These


52. _______________ Updates -

  1. Launched Anthos, a new open cloud platform which allows users to run applications, unmodified, on existing on-premise hardware or on public cloud, based on Cloud Services Platform announced in 2018.
  2. Launched its first African artificial Intelligence (AI) laboratory in Accra, capital city of Ghana, to tackle Africa’s challenges.
  3. Its Parent Alphabet launched its commercial drone delivery businesses, making its first delivery in Canberra (Australia).
Microsoft
Yahoo
Google
TCS
None of These


53. Government extended ban on import of milk and milk products from ____________________(including chocolates, chocolate products, candies, confectionary, food preparations with milk or milk solids as an ingredient). It was imposed in September 2008. Food safety regulator FSSAI recommended bAN extension till labs at ports are modernized to test presence of toxic chemical melamine.

Nepal
Russia
Japan
China
None of These


54. Hong Kong’s equity market overtook _____________________ to be world’s third largest in value, behind U.S. and mainland China. Hong Kong Equity market cap was $5.78 trillion, ahead of Japan’s market cap of $5.76 trillion.

Vietnam
Philippines
Malaysia
Thailand
Japan


55. IT Firm ___________________ acquired US-based Strong-Bridge Envision, to enhance its digital transformation consulting capabilities. Deal was worth 45 million dollars.

_____________ has also set up a CyberSecurity Fusion Centre (CSFC) in Frisco, Texas, US. It aims to boost business growth by providing customers with a single point of contact for business security lifecycle – from detection to repairment.

TCS
Infosys
HCL
Wipro
None of These


56. IT Firm _______________ partnered with San Francisco-based i2Chain Inc., to offer a blockchain-based cybersecurity application to customers which provides information owners with an unprecedented level of control.

Tech Mahindra
HCL
TCS
Infosys
None of These


57. India and ________________________ launched a joint programme that will work towards addressing a range of challenges around smart cities and clean technologie, co-funded by Indian Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Swedish agency Vinnova ?

Russia
Sweden
Norway
French
None of These


58. India became net importer of _________________ during FY 2018-19, For the first time in 3 years. Indian _________________ exports fell by 34 % to 6.36 million tonnes in FY 2018-19. Imports During 2018-19 rose 4.7 % to 7.84 million tonnes.

Steel
Crude Oil
Coal
Aluminium
None of These


59. India evacuated its contingent of peacekeeping forces comprising of 15 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel from Tripoli (Capital of ________________) after situation in war-hit nation suddenly worsened.

  1. Since 2011 killing of long-ruling dictator Muammar Gaddafi, Libya is engulfed in a crisis. Even though there is an UN-backed internationally recognised government headed by Fayez al-Sarraj, Libya is governed by several rival authorities.
Libya
Egypt
Sudan
Congo
None of These


60. India is ranked ________________________ position among 100 countries in Startup Ecosystem Ranking for 2019 released by StartupBlink, Improving from 37th place last year.

  1. Top 5 - USA (1), UK (2), Canada (3), Israel (4), Australia (5).
  2. China was ranked 27th.
  3. Bangalore, New Delhi, and Mumbai were the top cities in Indian startup ecosystem.
29th
7th
37th
17th
None of These


61. India partnered with Japan and United Arab Emirates (UAE) to implement two projects in Africa. India will build a cancer hospital in Kenya in collaboration with Japan, while it will partner with UAE to set up an ICT centre in _____________________.

South Sudan
Nigeria
Kenya
Ethiopia
None of These


62. India will be Guest of Honour country at 2019 Abu Dhabi International Book Fair (ADIBF) to in last week of April 2019 (29th edition), in _______________.  It aims to highlight UAE’s rich heritage, and showcase its authenticity, cultural and literary output.

Saudi Arabia
UAE
Kuwait
Oman
None of These


63. Indian Institute of Management-Bangalore (IIMB) post-graduate programme in Enterprise Management (PGPEM) ranked ___________________ in APAC (Asia Pacific) listing and 61st globally in QS Executive MBA Rankings 2019. It became only Indian B-school to secure a place among top 100 B-Schools globally.

37th
25th
21st
31st
12th


64. India’s Haj Quota has been increased by Saudi Arabia, by about 25,000, raising number to _______________ . Also, total 2,340 Muslim women from India will go for Haj without ‘Mehram’ or male companion. This year, GST on Haj pilgrimage has been reduced from 18 % to 5 %.

2 lakh
3 lakh
4 lakh
5 lakh
None of These


65. _____________________ Updates -

  1. Announced its plans to move its capital away from Jakarta, out of the crowded Java Island to ensure more equitable development of the country amid environmental concerns and overcrowding issues. New location is yet unknown.
  2. Released a special commemorative stamp on the theme of Ramayana to mark the 70th anniversary of the establishment of its diplomatic ties with India. It is designed by Indonesian sculptor Padmashri Bapak Nyoman Nuarta, featuring a scene from Ramayana in which Jatayu valiantly fought to save Sita.
Vietnam
Thailand
Malaysia
Indonesia
None of These


66. ______________________________ (IMO) launched new rules to introduce electronic information exchange between ships and ports for national governments. The requirement, mandatory under IMO’s Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention), is part of amendments under revised Annex to FAL Convention, adopted in 2016. It was important measure because 10 billion tonnes of goods which are traded by sea annually across the globe.

  1. Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL Convention) was adopted in 1965. FAL Convention encourages use of a “single window” for data, to enable all information required by public authorities, to be submitted via a single portal, without duplication.
  2. All national authorities should now have provision for electronic exchange of this information.
Internal Maritime Organisation
International Mutual Organisation
International Maritime Organisation
Intentional Maritime Organisation
None of These


67. ____________________ Updates -

  1. World Economic Outlook April 2019 -
    1. Global growth will be 3.3% in 2019, down from 3.6% in 2018 and 4% in 2017.
    2. China is expected to slow down to 5.5% by 2024 as it moves towards increasing private consumption and services and regulatory tightening.
    3. India’s economy will grow 7.1% in 2019-20 and is expected to accelerate to 7.3% in FY 2020-21 and 7.5% in 2021-22. All estimates are 0.2 percentage points less than its previous assessment in January.
    4. These estimates are higher than those of RBI. RBI in its 1st Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Review for 2019-20 had cut its growth forecast to 7.2% for FY 2019-20 and 7.4% for FY21.
  2. _________________ and World Bank Jointly launched a private blockchain with a pseudo-token, called “Learning Coin”. Its only accessible within IMF and World Bank, with a purpose to teach relevant individuals within organizations about blockchain.
ADB
International Monetary Fund
NDB
NABARD
None of These


68. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed ___________________ as Critically Endangered in Red List of Threatened Species. Its a species of freshwater ray-finned fish and is referred to as tiger of the water, found only in Cauvery river basin including Pambar, Kabini and Bhavani rivers.

Rhino
Hump-backed Mahseer
Panther
Bengal Tiger
None of These


69. ____________________ Updates -

  1. ___________________ and Pakistan will set up a joint border reaction force following to counter increasing number of terror attacks. Their border skirts volatile southeastern Iranian province of Sistan-Balochistan which has been the scene of frequent attacks on Iran’s security forces.
  2. _____________________________’s Parliament approved a bill labelling U.S. forces in the Middle East as terrorist groups, a few days after U.S. designation of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard as terrorist organisation formally took effect. IRGC’s designation as a terrorist group by US was first-ever designation for a Military division of another Nation.
Kuwait
UAE
Iraq
Iran
None of These


70. ___________________ Based Firm Sony launched taxi-hailing service in Tokyo, named S.Ride, which uses artificial intelligence (AI) technology to predict where demand will be highest and dispatch drivers accordingly. S in S.Ride stand for simple, smart, and speedy.

Japan
South Korea
Vietnam
China
None of These


71._______________ ’s capital Beirut has set a new Guinness World Record for most number of national flags displayed in one city for 24 hours, By raising 26,852 National flags for 24 hours. It broke record of New York’s Waterloo of raising 25,599 flags.

Lebanon
Iran
Kuwait
Jordan
None of These


72. London (_______________________) is first city in world to implement an always on Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ), inside which vehicles will have to meet tough emissions standards or face a charge. It aims to reduce toxic air pollution and protect public health.

USA
UK
Russia
Spain
None of These


73. London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) announced creation of the Amartya Sen Chair in Inequality Studies, in honour of India-born economist, philosopher and Nobel laureate (Won Nobel in ______________________), who was Professor of Economics at LSE from 1971-82.

  1. Holder of Amartya Sen Chair in Inequality Studies will also serve as Director of the International Inequalities Institute (III), LSE’s flagship initiative focused on studying and challenging one of the most pressing issues of our time.
1937
1986
1977
1998
None of These


74. ____________________ resumed a China-backed rail link project,  after Chinese contractor agreed to cut the construction cost by one third to 10.6 billion USD, now costing approx $33.8 billion.

  1. Project is 40 % owned by __________________ government, will be developed with same consortium partners, Malaysian developer Iskandar Waterfront Holdings and China Railway Engineering Corp. 
  2. It was initiated by the indebted 1MDB state investment fund in 2011 but it later sold a 60 percent stake to the consortium.
Vietnam
Indonesia
Japan
Thailand
Malaysia


75. _____________________ reached a valuation of one trillion dollars for first time, becoming 3rd publicly-traded company to reach the threshold after Apple and Amazon passed it in 2018.

Google
Adobe
Microsoft
Facebook
None of These


76. Nepal launched its first satellite ______________________ into space, from USA. Two Nepali scientists, Aabhas Maskey and Hariram Shrestha, studying at Japanese Kyushu Institute of Technology, developed it under BIRDS project of their institute. Its a low orbit satellite which will be in 400-km distance from Earth's surface.

NepaliSat-1
Nepali-1
NepaliAntrix-1
NepaliKhoj-1
None of These


77. Niti Aayog's _____________________________(AIM) and Unicef India signed Letter of Intent (LoI) to provide an open platform to promote participation, skilling and empowerment among young children across different communities. Plan will be implemented through Atal Tinkering Lab initiative to orient burgeoning innovation ecosystem towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals with a focus on child rights.

Atal Internal Mission
Aimed Innovation Mission
Atal Innovation Mission
Atal International Mission
None of These


78. One of world’s largest diamonds weighing 1,758 carats has been found in _____________________ (southern Africa). It weighed nearly 352 grams and measured 83mm x 62mm x 46mm.

Ethiopia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Botswana
None of These


79. Parliament of _________________ voted to ban all types of semi-automatic weapons and assault rifles following recent Christchurch attacks.

UK
US
Papua New Guinea
Australia
New Zealand


80. Person of Indian Origin (PIO) Keshav Raghvan will lead team CubeSat to be sent to space by NASA. CubeSat is a mini research satellite to detect cosmic rays, flown into space on future missions.

  1. Team's CubeSat BLAST (____________________________) is named for physicist Edward A Bouchet, the first African American to receive a PhD in America.
  2. BLAST will contribute to ongoing search for origins and nature of cosmic rays, to provide an insight into origins of universe.
  3. CubeSats are miniature satellites intended as a standard, inexpensive design that can easily fit alongside larger satellites aboard launch vehicles. CubeSats are built from a modular structure of 10x10x10cm cubes and feature a wide variety of commercially available off-the-shelf components, designed to fit the structure from various manufacturers.
  4. NASA Ames launched its first CubeSat, GeneSat, in December 2006.  Since then Ames has launched 16 CubeSat spacecraft varying in size from 1U to 3U with an additional 12 CubeSats in development or awaiting launch.
Blank Low-Earth Alpha/Beta Space Telescope
Bouquet Low-Earth Alpha/Beta Space Telescope
Bouchet Low-Earth Alpha/Beta Space Telescope
Bouchet Left-Earth Alpha/Beta Space Telescope
None of These


81. _____________________ successfully tested the world's first floating nuclear power plant (NPP), named Akademik Lomonosov, developed by Rosatom. It is expected to begin operations in July 2019.

Russia
USA
UK
France
None of These


82. _______________________’s ruling socialist party won General elections, capturing 123 seats in the 350-seat Congress of Deputies. Socialist Party's Pedro Sanchez will seek backing from smaller parties to maintain power, as it has not got a clear majority.

Russia
Spain
France
Germany
None of These


83. _______________ Updates -

  1. Announced ban on covering of face with burqa, veil or in any manner that prevents identification of person, after recent deadly blasts that caused huge casualties.
  2. Launched its first satellite ‘Raavana-1’ into space from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility on Virginia’s East Shore (USA). It weighs around 1.05 kg, with lifespan of 1.5 years. It was built at Kyushu Institute of Technology in Japan by two Sri Lankan research engineers.
  3. Enforced a nationwide state of emergency, after suicide bomb blasts at churches and luxury hotels on occasion of Easter, which killed over 300 people.
Sri Lanka
Bangladesh
Nepal
Myanmar
None of These


84._______________________________'s 3 decade long rulling president Omar al-Bashir has been removed and arrested following months of protests against him.

  1. Army general announced dissolution of government, suspension of the 2005 constitution, along with a three-month state of emergency.
  2. Protests started against al-Bashir in December 2018 when government stopped subsidies on wheat and fuel. Situation turned violent and engulfed capital Khartoum and major metropolitan areas.
  3. Government took a strong action against protesters by cracking down on protestors, killing over 49 people. President also declared a yearlong state of emergency and dissolved both central and state governments.
  4. All these actions by al-Bashir provoked the protests across country and the coup occured.
Sudan
Zimnabwe
Ethiopia
Nigeria
None of These


85. Team of Researchers led by biologist Eric Dinerstein suggested a new roadmap titled “A Global Deal for Nature” -

  1. It aims at conserving the planet's ecosystem and avert sixth mass extinction on earth.
  2. It calls for _______________________________ of the planet to be protected by 2030, with an additional 20% to be maintained or restored to a natural state and designated as climate stabilization areas. It proposes 100 Billion USD annual investment for the same.
  3. If current trends in greenhouse gas emissions, conversion of natural habitats and the poaching of large animals are not reversed, it will be impossible to keep warming below 1.5°C.
  4. Linking the GDN and the Paris Agreement could solve the two major challenges facing the biosphere and all the species within it and result in a return to safe operating space for humanity.
70 %
50 %
40 %
30 %
None of These


86. _________________ Updates -

  1. Cabinet adopted National Artificial Intelligence Strategy 2031, aimed at positioning it as a global leader in artificial intelligence by 2031 and to develop an integrated system that employs artificial intelligence in vital areas in the country.
  2. _________________ Space Agency announced 85 percent completion of Its ‘Hope Probe’ Mars project, set to launch in July 2020.  If successful, it will become first Arabic and Islamic country to reach Mars.
  3. Ministry of Education has agreed to issue equivalency for all Indian degrees that match the set criteria , as a relief for Indians in ____________. Equivalency on Indian degrees is mandatory for Indians to work in ______________.
Iran
Saudi Arabia
Kuwait
UAE
None of These


87. __________________ government has released a white paper on ‘online harms’, to limit harmful online content. Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) called for an internet regulator with the power to issue fine, to block access to websites if necessary, and to make individual executives legally liable for harmful content spread on their platforms.

USA
UK
Russia
Spain
None of These


88. UN labour agency International Labour Organisation (ILO) in its report The Safety and the Health at the Heart of the Future of Work- Building on 100 years of Experience termed Bhopal Gas Tragedy as one of world’s ‘major industrial accident’, which killed over 15,000 people due to result of at least 30 tons of highly toxic Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas leak in Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal in ______________________.

1897
1987
1974
1994
1984


89. UNICEF released titled titled, “A Gathering Storm: Climate Change Clouds the Future of Children in _________________________" -

  1. Approx 19.4 million children in 20 of Nation’s 64 districts, are exposed to most detrimental and hazardous consequences of  short- or longer-term climate change.
Bangladesh
Nepal
Pakistan
Myanmar
None of These


90. UN’s International Labour Organization (ILO) announced that ______________________________will officially abolish its Exit Visa system for all foreign workers by end of 2019. Amnesty International (human rights group) accused that _______________ is failing to implement reforms and stop widespread labour abuse.

  1. ______________ has revived its pledge to reform labour section, and introduced a minimum monthly minimum of 750 riyals ($206).
  2. In September 2018, _______________ approved scrapping “kafala”, which was eliminated for majority of workers by end of 2018. In 2019 it will be extended to all remaining categories of workers.
  3. Kafala system is a Sponsorship system which regulates status of migrant workers. It requires unskilled labourers to have an in-country sponsor (mostly their employer) who is responsible for their visa and legal status. This leads to requiring prior consent of their employer before changing jobs or leaving, which further leads to their exploitation.
Iraq
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
None of These


91. __________________ Updates -

  1. Department of Justice released special counsel Robert Mueller’s report, which looks into alleged Russian collusion in 2016 Presidential elections which saw incumbent President Donald Trump rise to power. Report found Russian government-sponsored efforts to illegally interfere with 2016 presidential elections in US, but did not find that the Trump campaign or other Americans colluded in those schemes.
  2. House of Representatives voted to end involvement in Yemen’s civil war, rejecting President's support for Saudi-led campaign in Yemen. Even though resolution has been passed with an overwhelming majority at the House of Representatives, Mr Trump is expected to veto the legislation.
  3. President Donald Trump vetoed a bill passed by Congress to end military assistance in Saudi Arabia-led war in Yemen. The veto, which is 2nd in Trump's presidency, was expected. He issued his first veto in March on a legislation related to immigration.
    1. Earlier in April 19, Congress had voted for first time to invoke the War Powers Resolution to try and stop US involvement in a foreign conflict. 
  4. Designated Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a Foreign Terrorist Organization. This is first time that a state military entity has been designated as a terror group.
    1. Iran has two parallel land forces with some integration at the command level: the regular Artesh (Army), and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, also known as the Sepaah (IRGC). IRGC strength is approx 125000.
  5. _____________ lawmakers reintroduced a legislation named H R 2123 in House of Representatives, that seeks to strengthen US-India strategic relationship. If enacted, the new bill would ensure that the US State Department treats India as a NATO ally for the purposes of the Arms Export Control Act.
  6. Announced that all buyers of Iranian oil will have to end their imports shortly or face sanctions, terminating sanctions waivers USA granted to some importers of Iranian oil in late 2018.
    1. It will trigger about 3 % rise in crude prices.
    2. In November 2018, US reimposed sanctions on exports of Iranian oil after President Trump unilaterally pulled out of a 2015 nuclear accord between Iran and six world powers.
    3. USA, however, granted Iran’s eight main buyers of oil waivers to sanctions that allowed them limited purchases for six months. They were China, India, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, Italy and Greece.
    4. The current move of ending the sanction waivers will cause oil price hike in concerned nations.
  7. Has again placed India on its ‘Priority Watch List’, alleging lack of sufficient measurable improvements to its Intellectual Property (IP) framework on long-standing and new challenges, which has negatively affected American right holders over past year.
    1. Office of US Trade Representative identified 11 countries, including India, in its ‘Priority Watch List’. List is topped by China.
    2. Besides this, US Trade body has placed 25 countries, including Pakistan, Turkey and the UAE, on watchlist.
    3. India has taken steps to address intellectual property challenges and promote IP protection and enforcement. However, many of actions have not yet translated into concrete benefits for innovators and creators and long-standing deficiencies persist.
  8. Imposed sanctions on Pakistan after the nation refused to take back its citizen deportees and visa over-stayers from America. US may withhold visas of Pakistanis beginning with its senior officials.
    1. With these sanctions, Pakistan is latest to join list of 10 nations imposed with sanctions under US Immigration and Nationality Act according to which countries refusing to take back deportees and visa over-stayers will be denied American visas. Ghana and Pakistan have been included in the list in 2019.
  9. Will cut aid to countries of Northern Triangle (Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador), blaming them for sending migrants to USA. These countries share a border tri-point at Trifinio biosphere reserve, and also aspects of classical cultures, history, society, and politics.
Russia
UK
USA
Spain
None of These


92. US President Donald Trump rejected UN _________________________ Arms Trade Treaty aimed at regulating global arms trade, describing it as an intrusion on US sovereignty. Although it was endorsed by previous US prez Barack Obama.

  1. Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) came into effect in December 2014 after over 65 countries signed it in June 2013. UN General Assembly endorsed It with a vote of 154 to 3. Only nations opposed to ATT were Iran, North Korea, and Syria.
  2. It seeks to regulate flow of weapons into conflicted zones. It requires member countries to keep records of international transfers of weapons and to prohibit cross-border shipments that can be used in human rights violations or attacks on civilians. So far, 130 countries have signed it, while only 101 ratified and joined it. USA, China and Russia have not joined the treaty.
  3. Other US withdrawls from international pacts, under President Trump Reign -
    1. US pulls out of UN’s migrant and refugee pact (Dec 2017), deeming it ‘inconsistent’ with its immigration policies.
    2. US President Donald Trump signs executive order to pull US out of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) (Jan 2017). He felt it to be harmful to American workers and manufacturing.
    3. US withdrawal from Paris Agreement on Climate Change (June 2017) - He stated that it would undermine US economy, cost US jobs, weaken American national sovereignty and put US at a permanent disadvantage.
    4. US and Israel withdraws from UNESCO (October 2017), accusing it of anti-Israel bias.
    5. US regulators repeal net neutrality rules (December 2017), to repeal 2015 Open Internet Order which protects net neutrality in USA.
    6. US withdrawal from 2015 Iran nuclear deal (May 2018).
    7. United States withdraws from UN Human Rights Council (June 2018).
    8. US to end India's preferential trade treatment under Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) programme (March 2019). GSP programme allows USD 5.6 billion worth of Indian exports to enter USA duty-free.
    9. US pulls out of Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty with Russia (February 2019). It was signed with Russia during Cold War.
2012
2013
2014
2015
None of These


93. _______________________ based Health Effects Institute (HEI) and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) released report State of Global Air-2019 -

  1. Report indicates that India and China are collectively accounted for more than fifty percent of global 5 million deaths due to air pollution.
  2. India specific findings -
    1. Major PM2.5 sources in India include household burning of solid fuels; dust from construction, roads, and other activities; industrial and power plant burning of coal; brick production; transportation; and diesel-powered equipment.
    2. Approx 84.6 Crore people in India and 45.2 crore in China are exposed to household air pollution in 2017.
  3. Globally -
    1. Less developed countries suffer PM2.5 exposures that are four to five times those of more-developed countries.
    2. 5 countries with lowest national PM2.5 exposure levels - Maldives, USA, Norway, Estonia, Iceland
UK
USA
Russia
Bolivia
None of These


94. United Nations Security Council (UNSC) approved resolution to completely end its peacekeeping operations in __________________on October 15, 2019.

  1. UN Peace Keeping Mission in _____________ was known as MINUSTAH, a French acronym which stood for “The United Nations is not leaving.”
  2. MINUSTAH began operations in 2004, when a violent rebellion swept country and forced then-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide out of power and into exile.
Bolivia
Russia
Cuba
Haiti
None of These


95. Wipro Consumer Care Ltd. acquired ______________________ based personal care company 'Splash'.

Philippines
Japan
China
Vietnam
None of These


96. World Press Freedom Index 2019 report by Reporters Without Borders  -

  1. Norway topped the index in third consecutive year. Top 5 - Norway (1), Finland (2), Sweden (3), Netherlands (4), Denmark (5)
  2. Bottom 5 -    Vietnam (176th), China (177th), Eritrea (178th), North Korea (179th), Turkmenistan (180th)
  3. India drops by two positions (138th rank in 2018) to ____________________________________ in 2019 (out of 180 countries).
  4. Two African countries Ethiopia and Gambia have significantly improved their ranking from 150th to 110th and 122nd to 92nd respectively as compared to 2018.
  5. Neighbours - China (177th), Bangladesh (150), Pakistan (142), Sri Lanka (126th).
140th 
130th 
120th 
150th 
None of These


97. World’s first privately funded lunar Mission Beresheet crash landed on Moon. It had problems with main engine during its descent that left it unable to slow down in time before it smashed into lunar surface. Beresheet was an _______________________ mission launched by a partnership between nonprofit SpaceIL and government-owned aerospace company Israel Aerospace Industries.

Russian
Israeli
Spanish
French
None of These


98. World’s largest airplane completed its first test flight, built by Stratolaunch (___________________) in eight years. Stratolaunch was founded in 2011 by the late Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

  1. Its first flight duration was 2.5 hours at up to 5200 meter above sea level.
  2. The plane weighs about 227,000 kg and has the biggest wingspan ever built, measuring 118 meter from one end to the other. It can hold more than 113,000 kg of fuel.
  3. It is designed to carry nearly 250,000 kg between the two fuselages. It has 28 wheels.
  4. The plane is powered by six Pratt & Whitney engines, which were originally designed for Boeing 747s.
UK
Russia
Spain
USA
None of These




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