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International Current Affairs Quiz - April 2018

Home > Current Affairs > International Current Affairs Quiz - April 2018

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1. JLL’s annual global report ‘City Momentum Index’ (CMI) 2018 -

  1. Indian cities dominated short term momentum ranking, with _______________ and Bengaluru are at top two positions. Pune ranked fourth, Kolkata (5th) and Delhi (8th).
Hyderabad
Mumbai
Jaipur
Guwahati
None of These


2. 11th World Hindi Conference (विश्व हिंदी सम्मेलन) will be hosted by ____________ in Port Lois in August 2018 with theme Vaishvik Hindi Aur Bharatiy Sanskriti.

Myanmar
Philippines
Mauritius
Sri Lanka
None of These


3. 2018 World Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders (RSF)

  1. India ranked ________________ (falling 2 positions from 136th in 2017).
  2. Top 5 - Norway (1), Sweden (2), Netherlands (3), Finland (4), Switzerland (5)
  3. North Korea is at Bottom (150th).
  4. Neighbours - Bangladesh (146), Sri Lanka (131), Pakistan (139), Nepal (106)
118th
128th
132nd
138th
None of These


4. A three-day international conference on “Accessible Tourism” has been held in ___________. During this, first accessible trekking trail for differently abled and elders in Pokhara city was launched. Inaugurated trek is a 1.3 kilometers section of the 14 kilometer hiking path in ridge connecting Sarangkot to Naudanda areas.

Myanmar
India
Bangladesh
Sri Lanka
Nepal


5. According to Migration and Development Brief by World Bank, India retained top position as recipient of remittances with about ______________ billion in 2017. India was followed by China ($64 billion), Philippines ($33 billion), Mexico ($31 billion), Nigeria ($22 billion) and Egypt ($20 billion). Global remittance grew 7% to US $613 billion in 2017.

$79
$89
$69
$99
None of These


6. According to Internet Security Threat Report by Symantec, India is third most vulnerable country in terms of risk of cyber threats (malware / spam /ransomware) (with 5.09% global threats). ______________ (26.61% global threats) is most vulnerable, followed by China (10.95%) in 2017. India is 2nd most impacted by spam and bots attacks, third most impacted by network attacks, and fourth most impacted by ransomware.

USA
UK
Russia
France
None of These


7. According to Steel Users Federation of India (SUFI), India overtook ____________ to become world’s second largest producer of crude steel, with China at top.

China
Japan
USA
Russia
None of These


8. Airports Council International (ACI) ranked New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport as ______________ in world in terms of traffic volumes. Georgia's Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) ranked as busiest airport in world ?

16th
18th
22nd
12th
None of These


9. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and _____________ temporarily left Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), amid differences over choosing secretary general of the group.

Peru
Uruguay
Ecuador
Bolivia
None of These


10. ________________ Government ended quota system in government services, that sets aside jobs for some special groups. It has been done after several porests against the same.

Myanmar
Sri Lanka
Nepal
Bangladesh
None of These


11. Bisket Jatra Festival celebrated in _____________, believed to have started during Malla dynasty and marks beginning of _______'s new year.

Vietnam
Sri Lanka
Myanmar
Nepal
None of These


12. Bloomberg Billionaires List 2018 -

  1. India's ____________ ranked 19th Globally, 3rd in Asia and 1st in Asia with net worth of $38.3 billion. Alibaba co-founder Jack Ma is ranked 14th, Followed by Tencent Founder Pony Ma (Ma Huateng).
  2. Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos is at top ($126 Billion), Followed by Bill Gates ($91 B).
Azeem Premji
Mukesh Ambani
Pallonji Mistry.
Shiv Nadar
None of These


13. _____________ Updates -

  1. Introduced Science and Technology Cloud to provide scientists with accessible, accurate and secure data services to promote research.
  2. Proposed construction of Tri nation Economic Corridor along with India-Nepal, with multi-dimensional connectivity through Himalayas.
  3. Will Launch a new meteorological satellite called Fengyun-II 09, to enhance its weather forecasting capabilities.It will be last in Fengyun-II series.
  4. Has Bullt world’s longest cross-sea bridge, connecting Hong Kong, Macau and mainland _________. It will be 55km-long and six lanes wide.
Myanmar
Vietnam
USA
Japan
China


14. _____________ announced to contribute 61.9 million dollars toward urgent humanitarian aid for Syria.

France
Russia
Japan
USA
None of These


15. Index of Economic Freedom 2018 by Heritage Foundation -

  1. India ranked ______________ out of 186 economies.
  2. Top 5 - Hong Kong (1), Singapore (2), New Zealand (3), Switzerland (4), Australia (5)
  3. Bottom 5 - North Korea (180), Venezuela (179), Cuba (178), Congo (177), Eritrea (176)
  4. Neighbours - Bangladesh (128), Pakistan (131), Nepal (133), Sri Lanka (111)
100th
110th
120th
130th
None of These


16. India and Bangladesh signed agreement to set up a _______________ oil pipeline with capacity of 1 million metric tons per annum. Pipiline will be built from Siliguri Marketing Terminal of Numaligarah Refinery Ltd (NRL) in India to Parbaripur depot of Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation (BPC). Other MoUs Included -

  1. Cooperation between India's Prasar Bharati and Bangladesh Betar.
  2. Installation of Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) Urdu Chair in Dhaka University.
  3. Set up language labs in 500 schools in Bangladesh.
  4. Trial run of first container train between India and Bangladesh flagged off from Kolkata.
229.5 km
29.5 km
129.5 km
329.5 km
None of These


17. India and _____________ (East Africa) signed MoU on Foreign Office Consultations.

Tanzania
Eritrea
Uganda
Somalia
None of These


18. India and _____________ signed agreement on tax dispute with Nokia under Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP) system. This involves payment of Rs 1,600 crore, a sum that was deposited with government by Nokia in March 2018. This paves way for the sale of Nokia’s Chennai (Sriperumbudu) plant, which has been shuttered since November 2014.

Sweden
Finland
Norway
Switzerland
None of These


19. India and World Expo 2020 signed participants contract for India’s pavilion in World Expo 2020 (__________________), held once in 5 years.

Abu Dhabi
Sharjah
Doha
Dubai
None of These


20. India named as top recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI) from within Commonwealth and is 2nd most lucrative source of investment within ___________ -member Commonwealth after UK.

53
73
93
13
None of These


21. India for the first time agreed for most revered Buddhist relics from Sarnath to be taken to ____________________ for public exposition on occasion of Vesak festival. This is second time that India has taken initiative to exhibit sacred relics of Lord Buddha in ___________, after first time in 2012.

Sri Lanka
Nepal
Bangladesh
Myanmar
None of These


22. India is named second fastest growing country for passenger traffic based on traffic forecasts during 2017-40 by Airports Council International (ACI), after ______________(8.5 % growth rate). India has 7.5 % and Iran has 7.3 % Passenger Growth Rate. Recently, ACI ranked Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi at 16th position in the twenty busiest airports in world list.

USA
Vietnam
Russia
Spain
None of These


23. India is ranked __________________ on a new Commonwealth Innovation Index, topped by UK, Singapore and Canada. Index was launched as part of a new Commonwealth Innovation Hub on the sidelines of Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in London (UK). Theme of CHOGM 2018 Towards a Common Future. India was represented by PM Narendra Modi.

  1. Alongside, Malaria Summit was also held in London (United Kingdom), organized by non-profit organisation Malaria No More in conjunction AND Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
  2. 53 Commonwealth Nations adapted Commonwelath Cyber Declaration at summit, to take action on cybersecurity by 2020. It also aims to tackle criminal groups and hostile state actors who pose a global threat to cybersecurity.
  3. Commonwelth Nations also agreed for Britain’s Prince Charles succeeding his mother Queen Elizabeth II as Head of Commonwealth.
  4. India and 3 other countries (Sri Lanka, Mauritius and Malta) participated creating in USD 5 million Commonwealth Small States Trade Finance Facility which will enable small states to obtain easier access to international trade finance to diversify their economies and achieve sustainable development goals. Standard Chartered Bank and Bank of Baroda, are facility managers for this fund. 31 Commonwealth nations classified as small states can avail this facility. Before it is available to all such nations, it will be rolled out on pilot basis in Bahamas, Botswana, Brunei, Dominica, Fiji, Mauritius, Namibia and Seychelles.
30th
20th
25th
10th
None of These


24. India replaced _______________ to become second largest producer of mobile phones in 2017. Currently, China stands at number one in mobile production around the world.

Japan
Myanmar
Cambodia
Laos
Vietnam


25. India won 6 elections to United Nations (UN) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) bodies, and won places on executive boards of four UN bodies.

  1. India won elections to Executive Boards of UN Development Programme (UNDP), UN Population Fund (UNFPA), UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and UN-Women. India will serve _________ - year terms from January 2019 on those executive boards.
  2. India was elected on UN Commission on Population and Development, Social Development, Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
4
5
3
7
None of These


26. India, China and other Asian countries will Coordinate to raise voice against Asian premium charged by Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

  1. Asian Premium is extra charge being collected by OPEC countries from Asian countries when selling oil in comparison to western countries. They charge approx 10% extra from Asian Nations as Asian Premium and they give 10% discount to western Nations.
  2. Its a concern for India as for Oil, India is largely dependent on Imports. India sources about 86% of crude oil, 75% of natural gas and 95% of LPG from OPEC member nations.
  3. OPEC is an organization of 14 oil-exporting developing nations. Its headquarters are in Vienna ( _______________ ) and Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia (de facto leader of OPEC), Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Algeria, Angola, Libya, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, Ecuador and Venezuela. OPEC members account 43% of global oil production and 73% of world’s oil reserves.
Austria
Australia
USA
Russia
None of These


27. Indian Consortium consisting of IOCL, BPCL and HPCL and Saudi Aramco signed an MOU to jointly develop an integrated refinery and petrochemicals complex called Ratnagiri Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd. (RRPCL) in ______________________.

  1. It will be capable of processing 1.2 million barrels of crude oil per day (60 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA)). Project cost is estimated at INR 3 lakh crores (USD 44 billion).
Gujarat
Maharashtra
Goa
Odisha
None of These


28. Investment Firm SoftBank signed __________ million deal with China's energy conglomerate Golden Concord (GCL) to produce and sell solar equipment in India. GCL will have 40% stake in joint venture. The project will have a 4 gigawatt-capacity and will produce solar ingots, silicon wafers, batteries, and components.

$530
$1930
$930
$230
None of These


29. ______________________ banned use all cryptocurrencies Inlcuding bitcoin by its banks and financial institutions. Govt stated that it was necessary since cryptocurrencies can be turned into a means for money-laundering and financing terrorism.

Turkey
Russia
Germany
Spain
Iran


30. Iran, Turkey and Russia held a special Meet in Ankara (Turkey), aiming to speed peace process for ______________ and bolster their influence in the country.

Iraq
Yemen
Syria
Sudan
None of These


31. ______________ activated Amphibious Rapid Deployment Brigade (ARDB), its first marine unit since World War 2. Its Constitution that was formed after WW 2, renounced the right to wage war.

Germany
Russia
China
Japan
None of These


32. ___________________ overtook SBI to become India’s second-most-valued Bank in terms of market capitalisation. Its Market cap rose to 2.23 Lakh Crores. HDFC Remains at top with 5.03 Lakh Crores Market Cap. Bandhan Bank debuted in top 50 Indian Brands with 64000 Crores Market Cap.

Axis Bank
Kotak Mahindra Bank
ICICI Bank
Yes Bank
None of These


33. _______________ government signed MoU with British Council to strengthen educational and cultural cooperation. British Council will expand its existing work in state, where it has trained over 100000 teachers benefitting around five million learners.

Maharashtra
Gujarat
Goa
Odisha
None of These


34. Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) will tie up with US and ______________ to develop new pollution-forecast system that will help anticipate particulate matter (PM) levels at least two days in advance and at greater resolution.

  1. Currently, System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), run out of Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, serves as apex forecaster of pollution trends in Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Ahmedabad. It generates likely air quality profile for a day in advance, for these cities.
UK
Netherlands
Norway
Sweden
Finland


35. National Assembly of ___________________ passed a controversial immigration law. While government defended the bill as balanced, it has been criticised by rightwingers for being too soft and by leftwingers for being repressive. New law aims for better-controlled immigration, as it reduces waiting time for asylum applications by almost half to six months and makes it easier to deport those turned down as "economic" migrants.

Germany
France
Spain
Japan
None of These


36. National Gallery of Modern Art (New Delhi) organized an exhibition titled To the End of Land, in collaboration with Embassy of _______________ in India, on occasion of 25 years of diplomatic relations with ____________.

Israel
Russia
France
Spain
None of These


37. National Highways Authority of India took its First International assignment as it signed an agreement for upgradation of Yagyi – Kalewa section of highway in _____________, to be completed in 3 years.

Vietnam
Sri Lanka
Bangladesh
Nepal
Myanmar


38. _____________ Govt. banned all new offshore oil exploration permits as a part of Government’s plan to transition towards a carbon-neutral future. Note that existing permits cover an area of 100000 sq km and some still have decades left on their exploration rights.

New Zealand
Iran
Australia
USA
None of These


39. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un declared that his nation would stop its nuclear tests and intercontinental missile launches and will shut down its atomic test site. This brings relief to global comunity as North Korea has been continuously doing Nuclear tests and aggressively enhancing its nuclear capabilities over past few years.

  1. In a historic first, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un crossed border that separates 2 Koreas at demilitarized zone (DMZ) to enter South Korea, becoming first North Korean leader to step into South Korean territory since _________________.
1853
1953
1753
1903
None of These


40. Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and Electricite de France (EDF) of France signed an Industrial Way Forward Agreement for implementation of six nuclear power reactor units at Jaitapur (__________________) with a total capacity of about 10000 MW. Evolutionary Pressurized Reactors (EPRs) are evolutionary reactors, whose design has evolved from “KONVOI’ and “N4’ reactors are operational in Germany and France respectively for over 20 years.

West Bengal
Odisha
Goa
Rajasthan
Maharashtra


41. ______________ test fired Babur Weapon System-1 (B), enhanced version of indigenously-built Babur cruise missile with range of 700 KMs.

Bangladesh
Pakistan
Nepal
Myanmar
None of These


42. ________________________ approved a draft law on regulating ownership and use of properties by foreigners. It rules that foreigners might own and use properties under specific conditions, applicable to land space including buildings and residential units, detachment units in residential complexes. In Aug 2017, it became first Arab Nation to offer permanent residency to foreigners.

Kuwait
Qatar
Iraq
Iran
None of These


43. _____________ introduced national service for women for first time. Women aged over 18 will now be able to volunteer for national service under law, men will have to serve for a year instead of three months.

Qatar
UAE
Saudi Arabia
Oman
None of These


44. Reliance chairman Mukesh Ambani, Human rights lawyer Indira Jaising and Architect Balkrishna Doshi are named by Fortune magazine as World’s Greatest Leaders of 2018, at _______________, 20th and 43rd places respectively.

74th
4th
54th
44th
24th


45. Report by global startup ecosystem map Startupblink -

  1. India is ranked ____________ out of 125 countries in global startup ecosystem in 2017.
  2. Top 5 - United States (1st), United Kingdom (2nd), Canada (3rd), Israel (4th) and Germany (5th).
  3. In Asia - Singapore (10th), China (12th), South Korea (17th), Japan (20th).
  4. In Africa - South Africa (38th), Kenya (53rd), Egypt (54th), and Nigeria (57th).
31st
37th
47th
57th
None of These


46. ___________ opened its first public movie theatre, after over 35 years of prohibition for religious reasons. A special screening of Marvel superhero film ‘Black Panther’ was held in Riyadh.

Saudi Arabia
UAE
Kuwait
Oman
None of These


47. ________________ and China signed MOU to promote collaboration between companies from both countries in third-party markets along China’s ambitious Belt and Road routes.

  1. Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)BRI is China's ambitious development strategy that aims to boost its connectivity and trade that will that will connect Asia, Africa, Middle East and Europe. It was proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013. It comprises two components viz. the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
Myanmar
Nepal
Mongolia
Bangladesh
Singapore


48. Soft Drinks Industry Levy (also known as soft drinks sugar tax / sin tax / sugar tax) came into force in ________________________ as part of government’s plan to combat obesity and sugar related disease. Drinks containing 5 grams of sugar per 100ml taxed are taxed at 18 pence per litre, and those with more than 5 grams per 100ml taxed at 24 pence per litre.

UK
USA
Russia
Czech Republic
None of These


49. South Korean pop group BTS won online reader’s poll for TIME ‘Person of the Year 2018’. _______________ President Moon Jae-in finished 2nd with 5% votes, followed by former US President Barack Obama with 3% votes.

Chinese
South Korean
Japanese
Vietnamese
None of These


50. Southeastern ________________ state New South Wales (NSW) announced USD 1.58 million partnership with India to enhance Indian startup ecosystem, technology, and advanced manufacturing sectors.

Russian
German
French
American
Australian


51. Swaziland’s King Mswati III, _____________’s last absolute monarch officially changed name of his country to Kingdom of eSwatini. Its a Swazi language name that stands for ‘place of the Swazi’.

Africa
Asia
Europe
South America
None of These


52. ___________ returned to France Légion d’honneur (France's Highest Civilian Honour) presented to its President Bashar al-Assad, stating that france is a PRO-USA Nation.

Iraq
Iran
Syria
Yemen
None of These


53. Taipei World Trade Centre (TWTC) launched its office at __________________, to promote trade between India and Taiwan. It will serve as a single venue that combines consulting service on trade-related issues, trading partners, suppliers, and markets for international business.

Guwahati
Jaipur
Kolkata
New Delhi
None of These


54. ____________ launched construction of its first-ever nuclear power plant in Mersin region, with support from Russia. Cost of power plant would be around 20 billion dollars and will meet 10 % power requirements of country.

Norway
Sweden
Switzerland
Iran
Turkey


55. ________________ (UNECE) launched UN Road Safety Trust Fund to improve road safety worldwide. The fund has potential to galvanise global efforts to address road safety situation, building on progress made and experience gained over Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020. It will serve as catalyst for progress towards road safety targets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

UN Ecological Commission for Europe
UN Eccentric Commission for Europe
UN Economic Commission for Europe
UN Election Commission for Europe
None of These


56. ______________ Updates -

  1. Department of Treasury included India in monitoring list of its major trading partners that merit close attention to their currency practices and macroeconomic policies. This list identifies countries that are trying to artificially manage value of their currency to gain trade advantage, by keeping exchange rate low to promote cheaper exports. India is 6th addition to this watch list after China, Japan, South Korea, Germany and Switzerland.
  2. Declared dead the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, as it protected immigrants brought to nation illegally as children.
  3. Supreme Court restricted deportation of immigrant felons (अपराधी) by ruling that Immigration and Nationality Act requiring deportation of immigrants convicted of certain crimes of violence is unconstitutionally vague.
  4. _________ Trade Representative placed India on ‘Priority Watch List’ in its annual Special 301 Report on state of intellectual property protection, along with 11 Other Nations.
    1. This Report identifies trading partners that do not effectively protect IP rights or deny market access to its innovators that rely on protection of their IP rights.
    2. India remains one of world’s most challenging major economies with respect to protection and enforcement of intellectual property, as India’s enforcement action and policies are insufficient to curb problem.
    3. Report slammed Health Ministry of India for creating uncertainty in pharmaceutical market by demanding that pharmaceutical companies provide details of how they were using granted patents.
  5. __________ and South Korea began their joint military training exercise named ‘Foal Eagle’.
  6. _______________, France and Britain launched military operation against Syria, in response to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s chemical attack that killed over 60 people last week.
  7. ___________ Trade Representative announced reviewing eligibility of India, Indonesia and Kazakhstan in Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) based on concerns about countries’ compliance with program.
    1. In Case of India, This review is based on concerns related to its compliance with GSP market access criterion and two petitions related to same criterion, filed by Local dairy industry and medical device industry.
    2. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) promotes economic development by allowing duty-free entry for thousands of products from designated beneficiary countries. In India’s case, GSP enables duty-free entry of 3,500 product lines.
USA
UK
Russia
Spain
None of These


57. ____________ Updates -

  1. ______ and Malaysia concluded joint military exercise Desert Tiger 5, in Dubai .
  2. Approved law on Equal Wages and Salaries for men and women, to provide women with equal opportunities as partners in development.
Saudi Arabia
UAE
Kuwait
Qatar
None of These


58. United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) designated 14 sites as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), located in China, Egypt, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Portugal, Spain and Sri Lanka. With this, there are now 50 Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems in 20 countries.

  1. 14 New GIAHS-
    1. Siwa Oasis - Egypt
    2. Chinampa Agriculture in World Natural and Cultural Heritage Zone - Mexico
    3. Zhagana Agriculture - Forest-Animal Husbandry Composite System - China
    4. Huzhou Mulberry-dyke & Fish Pond System - China
    5. Osaki Kodo's Traditional Water Management System for Sustainable Paddy Agriculture - Japan
    6. Nishi-Awa Steep Slope Land Agriculture System - Japan
    7. Traditional Hadong Tea Agrosystem in Hwagae-myeon - South Korea
    8. Agricultural System of Valle Salado de Añana - Spain
    9. Malaga Raisin Production System in La Axarquía - Spain
    10. Cascaded Tank-Village System - Sri Lanka
    11. Rice Terraces in Southern Mountainous and Hilly Areas - China
    12. Xiajin Yellow River Old Course Ancient Mulberry Grove System - China
    13. Traditional Wasabi Cultivation in Shizuoka - Japan
    14. Barroso Agro-sylvo-pastoral System - Portuga
  2. GIAHS in India -
    1. Saffron Heritage of Kashmir (J & K)
    2. Koraput Traditional Agriculture (___________________)
    3. Kuttanad Below Sea Level Farming System (Kerala)
Odisha
West Bengal
Goa
Gujarat
None of These


59. World Bank Group approved USD ______________ billion increase in paid-in capital, as part of a series of internal reforms. It consists USD 7.5 billion paid-in capital for International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and USD 5.5 billion for International Finance Commission (IFC). It also includes a USD 52.6 billion callable capital increase for IBRD.

13
23
130
33
None of These


60. World Bank approved $55mn Loan to expand use of clean renewable energy in rural areas of ______________ where grid electricity cannot reach easily, under Second Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development (RERED II) Project.

India
Nepal
Myanmar
Bangladesh
None of These


61. World’s first long-distance electric bus line began service in Paris (______________), presented by Flixbus. It will link Paris to northern city of Amiens, undertaking a 160 kilometres journey within 2 hours.

Spain
Germany
Sweden
France
None of These




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