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UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India - GK Capsule

Home > Current Affairs > UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India - Static GK Capsule

There are 32 World Heritage Sites in India as recognised by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Convention 1972. Indias first two sites inscribed on the list during 7th Session of World Heritage 1983 were Agra Fort and Ajanta Caves. Over the years, 30 more sites have been inscribed.

Latest entries are Rani ki vav in Gujarat and Great Himalayan National Park from Himachal Pradesh in 2014. Of these 32 sites, 25 are cultural and others are natural sites. A tentative list of further sites/properties submitted by India for recognition includes 51 sites.

Maharashtra is the state with Most number of UNESCO world heritage sites - 4.

 

Site Name State / Union Territory Remarks
Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary Assam Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary (Assam) is in flood plains of the Brahmaputra Rivers south bank, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 for its unique natural environment. It was established as a reserved forest in 1908 to protect species of rhinoceros. It was named as Kaziranga Game Sanctuary in 1916, Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950, and declared a national park in 1974.
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is in Assam and covers area of 50,000 hectares. It is on Border with Bhutan and is contiguous with Manas Wildlife Sanctuary in Bhutan. It was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 for its unique natural environment.
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2002
Humayuns Tomb Delhi Built in 1570 and was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Monument in 1993 for its cultural importance.
Qutb Minar and its Monuments Delhi Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1993
Red Fort Complex Delhi Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2007
Churches and Convents of Goa Goa Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1986
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2004
Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1986
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Karnataka Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1987
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Madhya Pradesh Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1989
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2003
Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1986
Ajanta Caves Maharashtra Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1983
Ellora Caves Maharashtra Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1983
Elephanta Caves Maharashtra Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1987
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) Maharashtra Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2004
Sun Temple, Konarak Odisha Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1984
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1985
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur Rajasthan Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2010
Great Living Chola Temples Tamilnadu Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1987
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamilnadu Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1984
Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1983
Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1986
Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1983
Mountain Railways of India Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (West Bengal) Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1999
Nilgiri Mountain Railway (Ooty, Tamil Nadu) Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2005
Kalka-Shimla Railway (Himachal Pradesh) Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2008
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks Uttarakhand Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1988 and Extension in 2005
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 1987
Western Ghats   Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2012. Western Ghats (Sahyadri Mountains) are a mountain range along western side of India and one of the worlds ten "Hottest biodiversity hotspots". Total 29 properties (national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests) were designated as world heritage sites - 20 in Kerala, 10 in Karnataka, 5 in Tamil Nadu and 4 in Maharashtra.
Hill Forts of Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagron) Rajasthan Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2013
Rani ki vav (The Queen's Stepwell) Gujarat Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2014
Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh Added in UNESCO World Heritage Sites List in 2014