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List of National parks of India - Wildlife of India GK Capsule

Home > Current Affairs > List of national parks of India - Static GK Capsule

 

Difference in National Park / Wildlife Sanctuary / Biosphere Reserve -

National Park Wildlife Sanctuary Biosphere Reserve
  • National park is a park in use for conservation purposes. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed land. Common idea behind national partk is conservation of 'wild nature' for posterity and as a symbol of national pride.
  • These are in Caregory II of IUCN Protected Areas.
  • These are Essentially Government owned. No Humans Intervention is allowed.
  • Status of National Park is Higher.
  • Boundary is well demarcated.
  • It is meant to protect Both Flora (Plants) and Fauna (Animals).
  • Cultivation of land and Grazing are not allowed.
  • India has Over 106 National Parks.
 
  • These are very much smiliar to national park, except that youll find indigenous people inside and human activities are permitted.
  • Private Ownership is allowed. Restrictions are comparatively less than the National Parks.
  • This falls under the Category 4 of the IUCN Classification.
  • Boundary is Not well demarcated.
  • It is meant to protect Mainly Fauna (Animals).
  • Cultivation of land and Grazing are allowed.
  • India has over 515 animal sanctuaries
  • A Special Type of Wilfdlife Sanctuary is Tiger Reserves, are governed by Project Tiger (under National Tiger Conservation Authority).
  • There are 49 Tiger Reserves in India Currently, Latest Being Kudermukh National Park (Karnataka) and Rajaji National Park (Uttarkhand).
  • India currently has over 2500 Tigers.
  • These are notified areas which cover a larger area of land which may cover multiple National Parks, Sanctuaries and reserves as well.
  • For Example, Nilgiri Biosphere covers: Bandipur National Park, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Silent Valley National Park, Wyanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Nagarhole National Park, Mukurthi National Park, Sathyramangalam Wildlife Sancuary & Reserve Forest and is usually a contiguous area 
  • They are in Category V of IUCN Protected Areas.
  • These are not formed according to provisions of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (Unlike NP & WLF).
  • These are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems which are internationally recognized within framework of the Man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme of the UNESCO.
  • India Currently has 18 Biosphere Reserves.

Some Facts about National Parks in India -

  • Total number of national partks currently - 106
  • State with Most Number of National Parks - Madhya Pradesh (11)
  • Largest National Park - Hemis National Park (J & K), area is 4400 KM Square.
  • Smallest National Park - South Button Island National Park (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) with area 300 Metre Square.
  • Oldest National Park - Jim Corbett National Park (Established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. Note that Another National Park - Kaziranga National park was established in 1905 as a reserve forest. It was named as Kaziranga Game Sanctuary in 1916, Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950, and declared a national park in 1974).
  • Newest National Park - Balphakram National Park (Meghalaya), Established in 2013.
National Park State / Union Territory

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park

Campbell Bay National Park

Galathea National Park

Middle Button Island National Park

Mount Harriet National Park

South Button Island National Park

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

North Button Island National

ParkSaddle Peak National Park

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Papikonda National Park

Sri Venkateswara National Park

 

Andhra Pradesh

Mouling National Park

Namdapha National Park

Arunachal Pradesh

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Orang National Park

Manas National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Centre)

Nameri National Park

Kaziranga National Park (Famous for Indian Rhinoceres, UNESCO World Heritage Centre)

Assam
Valmiki National Park Bihar

Kanger Ghati National Park

Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park

Indravati National Park

Chhattisgarh
Mollem National Park Goa

Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch

Vansda National Park

Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar

Gir Forest National Park

Gujarat

Kalesar National Park

Sultanpur National Park

Haryana

Inderkilla National Park

Khirganga National Park

Simbalbara National Park

Pin Valley National Park

Great Himalayan National Park

Himachal Pradesh

Salim Ali National Park

Dachigam National Park

Hemis National Park

Kishtwar National Park

Jammu and Kashmir
Hazaribagh National Park Jharkhand

Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park

Nagarhole National Park

Kudremukh National Park

Bannerghatta National Park (Bannerghatta Biological Park)

Bandipur National Park

Anshi National Park

Karnataka

Anamudi Shola National Park

Mathikettan Shola National Park

Pambadum Shola National

Periyar National Park

Silent Valley National Park

Eravikulam National Park

Kerala

Dinosaur Fossils National Park

Omkareshwar National Park

Mandla Plant Fossils National Park

Van Vihar National Park

Panna National Park

Sanjay National Park

Satpura National Park

Pench National Park

Bandhavgarh National Park (Most Number of Tigers among All National Parks in india)

Madhav National Park

Kanha National Park

Madhya Pradesh

Tadoba National Park

Gugamal National Park

Chandoli National Park

Navegaon National Park

Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Maharashtra

Sirohi National Park

Keibul Lamjao National Park

Manipur

Balphakram National Park

Nokrek National Park (UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve)

Meghalaya

Murlen National Park

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park

Mizoram
Ntangki National Park Nagaland

Simlipal National Park

Bhitarkanika National Park

Odisha

Desert National Park

Sariska Tiger Reserve

Ranthambore National Park

Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary

Mukundra Hills National Park

Keoladeo National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Rajasthan
Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim

Mudumalai National Park

Indra Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

Mukurthi National Park

Nilgiri tahr Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

Guindy National Park Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu

Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park

Mrugavani National Park

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park

Telangana

Bison (Rajbari) National Park

Clouded Leopard National Park

Tripura
Dudhwa National Park (Forms Dudhwa Tiger Reserve with Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary) Uttar Pradesh

Gangotri National Park

Jim Corbett National Park

Rajaji National Park

Nanda Devi National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary

Valley of Flowers National Park

Uttarakhand

Sundarbans National Park (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Buxa Tiger Reserve

Jaldapara National Park (Indian rhinoceros)

Neora Valley National Park

Gorumara National Park

Singalila National Park

West Bengal


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Some Facts about Wildlife Sanctuaries in India -

  • India has 515 wildlife sanctuaries referred to as wildlife sanctuaries category IV protected areas.
  • Among these, he 48 tiger reserves are governed by Project Tiger, and are of special significance in the conservation of the tiger under National Tiger Conservation Authority). There are 49 Tiger Reserves in India Currently, Latest Being Kudermukh National Park (Karnataka) and Rajaji National Park (Uttarkhand). India currently has over 2500 Tigers.
  • Largest is Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary in Maharashtra with an area of 8496.44 Km2.

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Some Facts about Biosphere Reserves in India -

  • India has 18 Biosphere Reserves.
  • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is First (Announced in 1986). Panna Biosphere Reserve (Madhya Pradesh) is latest (2011).
  • Largest Biosphere Reserve - Great Rann of Kutch (Gujarat) with area of 12454 KM2.
  • Smallest Biosphere Reserve -Dibru-Saikhowa (Assam) with area of 765 KM2.
Bio-Sphere Reserve State / Union Territory
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Nanda Devi National Park & Biosphere Reserve Uttarakhand
Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu
Nokrek Meghalaya
Sundarbans West Bengal
Manas Assam
Simlipal Odisha
Dihang-Dibang Arunachal Pradesh
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Madhya Pradesh
Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
Great Rann of Kutch Gujarat
Cold Desert Himachal Pradesh
Khangchendzonga Sikkim
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Dibru-Saikhowa Assam
Seshachalam Hills Andhra Pradesh
Panna Madhya Pradesh

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