October 2016 Daily News Current Affairs

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  1. Oct 31, 2016
    1. October 31 - World Cities Day . 2016 Theme is Inclusive Cities, Shared Development
    2. Oct 31 - Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day). It was introduced by PM Narendra Modi in 2014 and it commemorates birthday of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (Also called Iron Man of India). 2016 observes his 141st Birth Anniversary.
    3. Researchers from Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Thiruvananthapuram developed a compound named gelator to scoop out marine oil spills, using glucose as a starting material.
      1. Gelator molecule is partly hydrophilic and partly hydrophobic. Hydrophilic part helps in self-assembling to form gelator fibres, while the hydrophobic part is responsible for its diffusion into oil layer.
      2. Since outer part of fibre is hydrophobic, oil tends to gets into spongy network made of fibres. Once inside fibre network, oil loses fluidity and becomes a gel.
    4. Freedom House (USA) released Freedom of the Press 2016 report with theme The Battle for the Dominant Message -
      1. In 2015, Press freedom declined to its lowest point in 12 years.
      2. Only 13 % of world’s population enjoys a free press, 41 % have Partly Free press while 46 % live in Not Free media environments.
      3. In India -
        1. Freedom to press is partly free with a total score of 41 out of 100.
    5. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) completed construction of James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) after over 20 years of hard work. This largest-ever space telescope is expected to launch in 2018 following testing. Highlights Include -
      1. It has 18 large mirrors that will collect infrared light, sheltered behind a tennis-court-size sun shield. 
      2. It is considered as the successor to NASA's iconic Hubble Space Telescope.
      3. It is a 8.8 billion US dollars worth space observatory built to observe the infrared universe like never before.
    6. Indian Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari visited Hungary (Central Europe) and Algeria ( North Africa) -  
      1. India and Hungary signed two MoUs, including one on water management.
      2. India and Algeria will form a multi-billion dollar joint venture for establishing a fertilizer plant in Algeria.
  2. Oct 30, 2016
    1. Bangladesh introduced temporary ban on catching hugely popular hilsa fish.
    2. Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan launched paddy cultivation in Aranmula Puncha near Cochin., under Harita Keralam project.
    3. Indian National Award winning documentary ‘Daughters of Mother India’ won first prize in Documentary Film category at 6th CAM International Film Festival in Cairo (Egypt).
    4. Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) asked public sector banks to share their reports relating to all loan frauds involving funds over 1 crore rupees. Till date, such reports were shared with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) only.
    5. Haji Ali Dargah Trust granted equal access to women to inner sanctorum of Haji Ali shrine in Mumbai on par with men.
    6. Indian Pharmaceutical Firm Dr Reddy's Laboratories Ltd entered into a strategic collaboration with Gland Pharma, to distribute a diverse portfolio of eight injectable Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs).
    7. Mercedes Racer Lewis Hamilton (Britain) won 2016 Formula 1 Mexican Grand Prix -
      1. 2016 Formula One season -
        1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
          1. Grand Prix Date Winner
            Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
            Monaco 29 May Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Canada 12 June Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Europe 19 June Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Austria 3 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Britain 10 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Hungary 24 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Germany 31 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Belgium 28 August Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Italy 4 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Singapore 18 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Malaysia 2 October Daniel Ricciardo (Australia)
            Japan 9 October   Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            USA 23 October Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Mexico 30 October Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Brazil 13 November  
            Abu Dhabi 27 November  
    8. Rishi Jaitly resigned as Twitter's India head.
    9. Arnab Goswami resigned as Editor-in-Chief of Times Now, Bennett Coleman & Co. Ltd-run news channel.
    10. Bahrain International Challenge Badminton 2016 -
      1. Men's singles - Pratul Joshi (India)
      2. Women's singles - Sri Fatmawati (Indonesia)
      3. Men's doubles - Evgenij Dremin and Denis Grachev (Russia )
      4. Women's doubles - Tanisha Crasto (Bahrain) Aprilsasi Putri Lejarsar Variella (Indonesia )
      5. Mixed doubles - Evgenij Dremin and Evgenia Dimova (Russia)
    11. India signed MoU with Palestine for setting up of Palestine-India Techo Park at Ramallah in Palestine.
    12. India born Sarabjit Singh Marwah became first Sikh to be appointed to Canadian Senate (upper house).
    13. Ministry of Railways appointed Bindeshwar Pathak (founder of Sulabh International) as a Brand Ambassador for Swachh Rail Mission of Indian Railway.
    14. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation signed MoU with Common Services Centre (SPV of Ministry of Information Technology) for enabling online submission of applications under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban).
    15. All India Radio’s (AIR’s) entry Diary of a Tiger won prize in Community Service Announcement category of Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) awards 2016. All Awardees are -

      CATEGORY

      ORGANISATION

      ENTRY TITLE

      Drama

      Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), Iran

      Vibration

      Documentary

      Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK), Hong Kong

      An Age of Our Own:

      War Times - 70th Anniversary Commemoration of the End of WWII

      News Reporting

      Radio and Television of the People's Republic of China (RTPRC) | China National Radio (CNR), China

      36 Days

      Community Service Announcement (CSA)

      All India Radio (AIR), India

      Diary of a tiger

      Interactive Programme

      Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB)

      Iran

      Iranian Online

      Innovative Programme

      Radio and Television of the People's Republic of China (RTPRC) | China National Radio (CNR), China

      Chinese Voice - Chinese New Year

      Special Jury Prize

      Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication, (BNNRC) | Radio Chillmari, Bangladesh

      The Destroyed Dream

  3. Oct 29, 2016
    1. 16 Asia-Pacific nations Group RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership)' meet will be held in Philippines in Nov 2016.
      1. 15 Members of RECP are concerned over giving greater market access to Chinese goods without gaining in return, as it will mainly help China.
      2. India may have a separate list of items that won't be applicable for RCEP, making chinese imports costly for those items. Otherwise, it will help china and India's trade deficit with china wil rise (which is already hight at 52 Billion USD in 2015 - 16).
    2. Noted Japanese Mountaineer Junko Tabei passed away. She was first woman to climb world’s highest peak - Mount Everest.
    3. India’s first “Design Yatra” started in Kozhikode (Kerala), spread awareness and popularize designs. It will travel to 29 cities by February 2017, covering 15,000 kms. It is launched by the Institute of Indian Interior Designers (IIID).
    4. India won 2016 Asian Men’s Hockey Champions trophy by defeating Pakistan. It was hosted by Malaysia.
    5. Kristalina Georgieva (Bulgaria) will be appointed as CEO (chief executive officer) of World Bank, succeeding Sri Mulyani Indrawati.
    6. Mariano Rajoy Brey elected as Prime Minister of Spain for second term.
    7. First Woman Chief Minister of Goa, Shashikala Kakodkar passed away.
    8. Vigilance Awareness Week is observed every year from October 31 across India to promote probity in public life and achieve a corruption free society. 2016 theme is “Public participation in promoting integrity and eradicating Corruption”.
    9. Indian women Cricketer Jhulan Goswami acquired No.1 spot in ICC Women’s ODI bowling rankings.
    10. Miss International 2016 (56th Miss International pageant), held in Tokyo (Japan) -
      1. Kylie Verzosa from Philippines won the title.
    11. MMTC joined hands with HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank and Andhra Bank to retail gold coins with a new buyback option.
      1. Besides its own outlets, MMTC has tied up with Indian Overseas Bank, Vijaya Bank, Federal Bank and YES Bank to sell gold coins in denominations of 5 gm and 10 gm coin and 20 gm bar.
    12. Indian Roller Skaters' Team claimed their first ever International medal, after they won bronze in 3000m team relay event in Lishui (China). Team consisted of Vikram Ingale, Nikhilesh Tabhane and Dhanush Babu.
    13. Indian tennis star Sania Mirza ended season as world’s top doubles Tennis player for second straight year. She won 7 WTA titles, a Grand Slam and a semi-final this year.
    14. 47th International Film Festival of India (IFFI) will be held in Goa in November 2016. 
      1. Information and Broadcasting Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu announced that South Korean director Im Kwon-taek will be honoured with Lifetime Achievement Award at 47th International Film Festival of India (IFFI) in Goa.
    15. Japanese Prince Mikasa (uncle of Emperor Akihito) passed away. He was oldest imperial family member in world.
  4. Oct 28, 2016
    1. Oct 28 - National Ayurveda Day. It is Held every year on Lord Dhanvantari Jayanti. 2016 Theme is Ayurveda for Prevention and Control of Diabetes.
    2. Antartica’s Ross Sea declared as world’s largest Marine Protected Area (MPA) to protect Earth’s most pristine marine ecosystem.
      1. It was announced after international agreement among 24 countries and European Union in Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) meeting in Hobart, Australia.
      2. Ross Sea is one of the last intact marine ecosystems in the world, with 1.6 million square kilometers area. MPA status to Ross Sea will bring blanket ban on commercial fishing across about three quarters of its area for 35 years.
      3. Ross Sea in Southern Ocean is home to 38% of world’s Adelie penguins, 30% of world’s Antarctic petrels and around 6% of world’s population of Antarctic minke whales.
    3. India and Russia agreed to double range of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from 290 km to over 600 km.
      1. It was decided during meeting between PM Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin in Goa on sidelines of BRICS summit.
      2. Earlier, India was denied access to the missile technology with range over 300 km as it was not member state of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). But India’s recent inclusion MTCR has allowed Russia to provide the critical systems and technology to extend the range of the missile beyond 300km.
    4. Department of Personnel & Training (Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions) launched Employees Online (EO) App. The mobile application aims to update on Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) appointments and postings on real time basis and to bring transparency.
    5. Government reconstituted Inter State Council (ISC) and Standing Committee of ISC
      1. It was reconstituted under Clause 2 of Inter State Council order 1990.
      2. Inter-State Council is a constitutional body to facilitate coordination between states and the centre.
      3. It will be headed by PM Narendra Modi and consists Chief Ministers of all states and Union Territories as members.
      4. Six Union Ministers are also members - Home Minister Rajnath Singh, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Minister for Information and Broadcasting M Venkiah Naidu and Road Transport Highways and Shipping Minister Nitin Gadkari.
      5. Standing Committee of the Inter State Council will be headed by Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh.
    6. European Union (EU) and Canada signed Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) as a landmark trade deal in Belgium.
      1. CETA is a free free-trade agreement (FTA) between Canada and EC, that aims to revoke roughly 9,000 tariffs, covering many industrial goods and agricultural and food items.
      2. It will add around €11.6 billion to the EU economy and around €8.2 billion to Canada’s economy.
    7. First meeting of National Committee on Trade Facilitation (NCTF) held in New Delhi to discuss ways for developing roadmap for implementation of WTOs trade facilitation agreement. It was headed by Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha.
    8. Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) found in moderately dense mangrove surrounding of the Gilalakalandi harbour near Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. It is state animal of West Bengal.
    9. Ministry of Housing notified Real Estate (Regulation and Development) (General) Rules 2016, to be applicable to 5 Union Territories - Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep and Chandigarh.
    10. According to 2011 census data, 61 % of population of Differently abled persons in age-group of 5-19 (65 lakh total) in 2011 were attending educational institutions.
    11. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) and World Bank's Ease of Doing Business India Report 2016 -
      1. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana jointly topped Ease of Doing Business Reforms Ranking 2015-16.
      2. States were ranked on their implementation of DIPP-proposed 340-point Business Reform Action Plan in 2015 - 2016. These are broadly under six key categories - tax reforms, single-window systems, environment and labour reforms, construction permits, inspection reforms and commercial disputes and paper-less courts.
      3. Top 10 - Andhra Pradesh (Score 98.78%), Telangana (98.78%), Gujarat (98.21%), Chhattisgarh (97.32%), Madhya Pradesh (97.01%), Haryana (96.95%), Jharkhand (96.57%), Rajasthan (96.43%), Uttarakhand (96.13%) and Maharashtra (92.86).
      4. National implementation average of reforms stands at 48.93%, higher than 2015 national average of 32.
      5. 12 states scored over 90 while 17 states / UTs including Kerala, Goa and most north-eastern states score poor 0-40%.
    12. Odisha government launched Madhubabu Aain Sahayata Sibir’ (MASS) scheme to provide legal assistance to deprived sections of the society at the grassroots level. It has been named after Odia lawyer Madhu Babu, who is considered as the first lawyer of Odisha.
    13. 2016 Global Youth Development Index Report released by Commonwealth Secretariat. This list measures countries’ prospects for young people in employment, education, health, civic and political spheres.
      1. Top 10 countries - Germany, Denmark, Australia, Switzerland, UK, Netherlands, Austria, Luxembourg, Portugal and Japan.
      2. India Facts -
        1. India has been ranked 133rd out of 183 countries in List.
        2. Neighbours - Sri Lanka (31), Bhutan (69) and Nepal (77), China (118), Pakistan (154), Bangladesh (146)
        3. India has nearly 20% of the global youth population, with nearly 345 million young people between ages of 15 and 30.
        4. India’s rank in 2016 YDU is relatively low, but it has registered an 11% improvement in scores over last five years (from 2010 and 2015).
    14. Kerala became third Open Defecation Free state after Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh under Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) (Gramin).
    15. International Forum on adopting ICT Perspective to Education and LearningHeld in New Delhi. It has been organised by International Bureau of Education (IBE), UNESCO in partnership with Google and Indian Ministry of Human Resource Development.
    16. National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) commissioned its 50 MW wind power project (WPP) in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.
      1. NHPC is constructing 5 power projects aggregating to a total installed capacity of 4290 MW including 1000 MW (Pakal Dul hydroelectric project).
    17. Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act 2016, designed to curb black money and passed by parliament in August 2016, came into effect. New law amended Benami Transactions Act 1988 and renamed it as Prohibition of Benami Property Transactions (PBPT) Act 1988. The amendment act strengthens parent Act in terms of legal and administrative procedure and proposes imprisonment upto 7 years for indulging in benami transactions.
    18. Russia invited India to join in developing next-generation nuclear reactors and to participate in its fast-reactor research project (MBIR).
      1. MBIR project is based on the closed fuel cycle which involves recycling the nuclear waste as new fuel. It essentially signifies research on a sodium-cooled Generation 4 fast reactor to design an advanced fast neutron reactor for use in nuclear power plants. MBIR’s design includes three independent loops that can be used to test different coolants like gas, lead and molten salt. It makes it possible to conduct material testing research in those different environments.
      2. Fast neutron reactor - It this, nuclear fission chain reaction is sustained by fast neutrons. Such reactor needs no neutron moderator like normal water, which serves such a purpose in thermal reactors.
  5. Oct 27, 2016
    1. 4th India-Sri Lanka Joint Military Exercise ‘MITRA SHAKTI 2016’ held in Sri Lanka. 
    2. 27 October: World Day for Audiovisual Heritage.. The theme for the day was It's Your Story - Don't Lose It.
    3. Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoiguv visited India f0r 16th India-Russia Intergovernmental Commission Meet on Military-Technical Cooperation.
    4. 23rd Rehabilitation International World Congress at Edinburgh (Scotland) with theme Create a More Inclusive World. It has been attended by Thaawarchand Gehlot (Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment), on India's Behalf.
    5. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports recognized Boxing Federation of India (BFI) as National Sports Federation (NSF) for Boxing. Sport of boxing had suffered due to absence of a National Sports Federation since 2012.
    6. Sharad Kumar reappointed as Director General of National Investigation Agency for 1 year.
    7. Himachal Pradesh declared India's Second Open Defecation Free State (After Sikkim).
    8. Home Minister Rajnath Singh laid foundation stone of building for Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under Ministry of Culture at Greater Noida (Uttar Pradesh).
    9. Goods and Services Network (GSTN) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) for sharing of foreign exchange realisation and Import Export code data. It is expected to strengthen processing of export transactions of taxpayers under GST, increase transparency and reduce human interface.
    10.  Indo-Nepal Joint Military Exercise Surya Kiran-X held in Nepal.
    11. Sunil Lanba, Chief of Indian Navy visited Myanmar. 
    12. NITI Aayog identified three key areas for reforms needed to be implemented by states, for reviving Ailing Agriculture sector in India. These areas are - Agricultural market reforms, Land lease reforms and Reforms related to forestry on private land. NITI Aayog strssed on role of IT and Marketing in Agribusiness and released an index to rank States and UTs based on ease of Agriculture and opportunities for farmers for enhancing their income. Index is named as Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index, with scores ranging 0 - 100.
      1. Index is based on implementation of seven provisions proposed under model APMC Act (Agricultural produce market committee),  joining eNAM initiative, special treatment to fruits and vegetables for marketing and level of taxes in mandis.
      2. Maharashtra stayed at top with score of 81.7 with UT of puducherry at last with 4.8 score.
      3. Complete ranking of states in this index -
      4. Some states and UTs either did not adopt APMC Act or revoked it - including Bihar, Kerala, Manipur, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Andaman and Nicobar. They are not included in the ranking. 
  6. Oct 26, 2016
    1. Salim Gangadharan appointed as non-executive chairman in South Indian Bank.
    2. Noted Kashmiri singer Raj Begum passed away.
    3. International Hockey Federation appointed New Zealand's Jason McCracken as Chief Executive Officer.
    4. Iraq’s Parliament passed a law banning Alcohol completely.
    5. Rajasthan High Court dissolved State Other Backward Classes (OBC) Commission as it was constituted without State Assembly enacting any legislation for it.
    6. Government held tripartite talks with Kuki National Organisation (KNO) and United People's Front (UPF) of Manipur to find solution to their long standing demand of homeland and political future.
    7. Indo-Italian Joint Committee established under Scientific and Technological Cooperation Agreement re-launched cooperation in sectors of science, technology and innovation, signed originally in 2003.
    8. AT&T Inc agreed to buy Time Warner Inc for 85.4 billion USD, aimed at transforming phone company into a media giant.
    9. Smooth-coated otter sighted for first time in mangrove forest adjacent to Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Krishna district (Andhra Pradesh).
    10. Comedian Bill Murray honoured with Mark Twain Prize for American Humour.
    11. Scientists discovered a secret Nazi base of German dictator Adolf Hitler located 1000 kilometres from North Pole in Antartica. Location of this mysterious site known as Schatzgraber or Treasure Hunter on Alexandra Land had remained unknown.
    12. India-born Rajeev Misra appointed head of SoftBank Vision Fund.
    13. Haryana Government will observe 2017 as Garib Kalyan Varsh, aimed at welfare of poor people and generating employment opportunities.
    14. Punjab Directorate won 2016 National Cadet Corp (NCC) National Games.
  7. Oct 25, 2016
    1. PM Narendra Modi announced India's first Railway University will be set up in Vadodara (Gujarat).
    2. Culture and Tourism Minister Mahesh Sharma chaired first meeting of Reconstituted Central Advisory Board on Culture (CABC).
    3. PM Narendra Modi launched campaign #Sandesh2Soldiers, through which people can send their Diwali greetings and messages to soldiers to boost their morale. Messages can be sent via Narendra Modi App, MyGov.in, and All India Radio.
    4. Aditya Birla Group pledged investment of Rs. 20,000 crore in Madhya Pradesh, during Madhya Pradesh Global Investors Summit.
    5. Power Grid Corporation approved 3 proposals to invest 1184 crores in transmission projects across country, including transformation capacity in the southern region, sub-station works in Vemagiri in Andhra Pradesh, and a transmission system for Ultra Mega Solar Park at Tumkur in Karnataka.
    6. President Pranav Mukherjee inaugurated Sardar Patel Heart Institute at Ankleshwar in Gujarat.
    7. Indian Army's Gorkha Rifles Team won Gold medal at Exercise Cambrian Patrol organized by British Army.
    8. Noted USA Social Activist (Particularly Anti - Vietnam War Activist), Tom Hayden Passed Away.
    9. Uttar Pradesh government declared Yash Bharati awardees 2016 -
      1. 54 People selected for coveted UP award for 2016-17, for contribution in literature, fine arts, folk and classical music and sports.
      2. Some prominent names are - Actor Naseeruddin Shah. PayTM CEO Vijay Shekhar, Paralympic athlete Varun Kumar, Qawwali singers Aftab and Hashim (Sabri Brothers), Director Saurabh Shukla.
    10. Bilal Nazki is appointed as chairperson of Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission.
    11. Bank of America unveiled a virtual assistant called Erica, that uses artificial intelligence and predictive analytics to learn consumers' personal spending habits and offer financial advice.
    12. India and South Korea signed a revised Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
    13. Airtel Founder and Chairman Sunil Bharati Mittal elected as GSMA (Global System Mobile Association) Chairman for 2 years.
    14. Ajay M. Gondane appointed as India's High Commissioner to Australia.
    15. Swedish Firm Ericsson appointed Borje Ekholm as President and CEO. 
  8. Oct 24, 2016
    1. Oct 24 - World Polio Day.
    2. 24 Oct, 2016 - 55th Raising Day of Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
    3. Oct 24 - United Nations Day. It marks anniversary of UN into force after UN Charter (the founding document of UNO) in 1945.It is also United Nations’ (UN) World Development Information Day.
    4. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) permitted startups to raise external commercial borrowings (ECBs) of up to $3 million in a financial year for three year tenure.
    5. According to recent study by Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), global wildlife populations have fallen by 58% since 1970 and if trend continues then two-thirds of wild animals may go extinct by 2020.
    6. Two Yazidi women - Nadia Murad Basee and Lamiya Aji Bashar have been selected for European Union’s prestigious Sakharov Prize for Human Rights for 2016. They were among thousands of Yazidi girls and women who were abducted by Islamic State (IS) militants in Iraq and forced into sexual slavery in 2014.
    7. Book Born to Fly: Fighter pilot MP Anil Kumar teaches us there is no battle mind cannot win, authored by Nitin Sathe has been released.
    8. Andhra Pradesh government signed a FinTech Cooperation agreement with Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) to promote innovation in financial services. 
    9. Microsoft launched Its first Cybersecurity Engagement Center (CSEC) in India at Delhi, and seventh worldwide.
    10. Portuguese footballer Renato Sanches won 2016 European Golden Boy award.
    11. Brazilian noted Footballer Carlos Alberto passed away.
    12. Banknotes of denomination of Rs.2,000 will be in circulation very soon, as per a Reserve Bank of India report.
    13. Essar Group paid back Approx 2.5 Billion Loan to three banks - ICICI Bank, Axis Bank and StanChart.
    14. Randeep Guleria (AIIMS) C S Yadav (Sir Ganga Ram Hospital) have been selected for Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy Award for excellence in medicine.
    15. Mercedes Racer Lewis Hamilton (Britain) won 2016 Formula 1 USA Grand Prix -
      1. 2016 Formula One season -
        1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
          1. Grand Prix Date Winner
            Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
            Monaco 29 May Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Canada 12 June Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Europe 19 June Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Austria 3 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Britain 10 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Hungary 24 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Germany 31 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Belgium 28 August Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Italy 4 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Singapore 18 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Malaysia 2 October Daniel Ricciardo (Australia)
            Japan 9 October   Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            USA 23 October Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Mexico 30 October  
            Brazil 13 November  
            Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  9. Oct 23, 2016
    1. Strong Typhoon Haima hit Philippines, with winds of more than 225 KM/H.
    2. Book Andhere se ujale ki aur, authored by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has been released.
    3. Almatti Dam on Krishna River at Bagalkot district in North Karnataka has been chosen for World Bank’s Award of Excellence for best utilization of funds (Rs. 72 crore) for renovation to increase strength of the dam.
    4. North Korea won 2016 FIFA U-17 Women’s World cup by defeating Japan. It was hosted by Jordan.
    5. Noted Punjabi Actor Mehar Mittal Passed Away.
    6. India’s first startup magazine Cofounder, launched by Adhish Verma and Arunraj Rajendran.
    7. 2018 FIFA Football World Cup will be held in Russia, with Zabivaka as official mascot. In Russian, Zabivaka means the one who scores.
    8. G. Balakrishna from India has been crowned as Mr. Asia 2016 at the recently held 5th Phil-Asia bodybuilding championships in Philippines.
    9. 19th World Congress of International Association of Educators for World Peace (IAEWP) held in Nashik (Maharashtra) with theme “Peace Education for Good Governance and Nonviolence”.
    10. Government approved establishment of National Academic Depository (NAD) within next three months. NAD will be rolled out throughout country in 2017-18.
      1. Finance Minister's Budget Speech of 2016-17 included commitment to establish a Digital Depository for school learning certificates, degrees and other academic awards of Higher Education Institutions, on the pattern of a Securities Depository.
      2. NAD would be operationalised by NSDL Database Management Limited (NDML) and CDSL Ventures, Limited (CVL).
      3. Academic institutions would be responsible for the authenticity of data digitally uploaded by them into system.
      4. NAD will provide digital or a printed copy of the academic award with security features to students or other authorized users.
      5. Requests for access to academic awards, for example, from potential employers, and academic institutions would be only on the basis of consent of the student.
    11. Government approved Agreement with Estonia on the transfer of sentenced persons.
    12. Government approved Cadre Review of Indian Posts & Telecommunications Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS).
    13. Government approved new Agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit with Bhutan.
    14. Government approved formation of an Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) at Berhampur (Odisha), at cost of Rs 152 crores for initial three years (2016-19).
      1. Seven IISERs are - Berhampur, Tirupati, Bhopal, Thiruvananthapuram, Mohali, Kolkata and Pune.
    15. Government approved support of Rs 718 Crores to HMT Ltd. for payment of outstanding salaries and other employee related dues. It also approved closure of HMT Tractor Division by offering attractive VRS / VSS at 2007 notional pay scales.
  10. Oct 22, 2016
    1. As per new study by International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity (Education Commission), India’s school education system is under-performing in terms of quality in female literacy when compared to its neighbours.
      1. Proportion of women who completed five years of primary schooling in India and were literate was 48%, much less than 92% in Nepal, 74% in Pakistan and 54% in Bangladesh.
      2. India was ranked 38th among the 51 developing countries for female literacy rates.
    2. PM Narendra Modi laid foundation stone of Urja Ganga, ambitious gas pipeline project in Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh).
      1. Project Is aimed at providing piped cooking (PNG) gas and CNG gas for the vehicles to eastern region of India. It is being implemented by GAIL.
      2. It include Laying a 2,050-km pipeline connecting Jagdishpur (UP) to Haldia (West Bengal) by 2018. Under it, overall 20 lakh households will get PNG connections.
      3. Urja Ganga project will augment GAIL’s network of trunk pipelines covering the length of around 11,000 km by 2540 km.
      4. Under this project, work on 2540-km long Jagdishpur-Haldia and Bokaro-Dhamra Natural Gas pipeline project will begin and will be completed between 2018 and 2020.
    3. Indian Space Research Organsiation (ISRO) started tests for critical Moon landing of Chandrayaan 2, at Challakere in Chitradurga district (Karnataka).
      1. Chandrayaan-2 mission is tentatively set for late 2017 or early 2018. The mission includes an Orbiter, a Lander and a Rover.
    4. According to World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin level of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions -
      1. CO2 in atmosphere reached record high of global average concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere reached to 400 parts per million (ppm) for the first time in 2015. It is expected to surge again to new records in 2016 on the back of the very powerful El Niño event.
    5. Election Commission of India (ECI) amended Conduct of Election Rules 1961 to facilitate e-transfer of postal ballot.
      1. It will empower a returning officer in any constituency to send postal ballots to an eligible voter by electronic means. It will make voting feasible to all voters who may not vote due to not being physically available at the booth.
      2. Under it, returning officer can send ballot through a web portal with a ‘One Time Password (OTP)’ to voters. Voter needs to download the ballot for voting. The voter after voting will physically return the ballot through post.
      3. It will ease logistical issues involved in ensuring that the ballot paper of the constituency, where a voter is eligible to vote, is sent in time. Thus, it will cut time in transmission of the ballot paper and help the EC overcome logistical problems.
    6. India’s largest conglomerate Tata Sons removed Cyrus Pallonji Mistry as Chairman. Board replaced him with his predecessor Ratan Tata as interim chairman for four months. Mistry had shortest tenure as Chairman so far at the group.
    7. China’s experimental space lab Tiangong-2 orbiting Earth with two astronauts on board has successfully launched a micro-satellite Banxing-2 (47 Kilograms).
      1. Two astronauts were launched into space onboard of the Shenzhou-11 spacecraft carried two astronauts on 11 October 2016. It docked with Tiangong-2 on 13 October 2016.
    8. According to study at University of Idaho (USA), Uranus has two tiny, previously undiscovered moons orbiting near two of the planet’s rings.
    9. Uttarakhand High Court ordered state government to completely ban sale of whitener, after death of a teenager from sniffing an excess of it.
    10. Paul Beatty became first USA author to win Man Booker Prize, after he won 2016 Man Booker Title for his racial satirical novel The Sellout. His novel tells the story of a young black man who tries to reinstate slavery and racial segregation in a suburb of Los Angeles.
    11. World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Gender Gap Report 2016 (144 Nations) -
      1. India has been ranked 87th, climbing 21 spots from 108th position in 2015.
      2. In this edition, India overtook China which is ranked 99th.
      3. The report measures gender gap as progress towards parity between men and women in four areas (i) Educational attainment, (ii) Health and survival, (iii) Economic opportunity and (iv) Political empowerment.
      4. Top 5 - Iceland (1st), Finland (2nd), Norway (3rd), Sweden (4th) and Rwanda (5th).
      5. Yemen is worst in terms of Gender Gap (144th), while pakistan is second worst (143rd).
    12. Life Expectancy data by Registrar General of India (2010 - 2014),
      1. Jammu and Kashmir has highest Life Expectancy at all ages, except at Birth (At Birth - which Kerala is at top - 74.9 years, . Delhi is second (73.2 years) and Jammu and Kashmir stands third).
      2. Average Life expectancy in India has grown to 67.9 years in 2010-14, up from 49.7 years in 1970. For males, it is 66.2 years while female are much higher at 69.6 years.
      3. About Data -
        1. RGI’s Sample Registration System (SRS) published state level life expectancy data prepared following surveys done between 2010 and 2014, for different ages - 0 (at birth), 1, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70.
    13. Government appointed Karnal Singh as Director of Enforcement Directorate (ED).
    14. One-man judicial committee on One Rank One Pension (OROP). It consists of etired Chief Justice of Patna High Court L Narasimha Reddy.
    15. Ministry of Science and Technology has launched two new schemes - Biotech KISAN (Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) and Cattle Genomics in order to apply science to boost rural economy.
      1. Biotech-KISAN (Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) - Its purpose is to connect farmers, scientist and science institution across country. Under it, fellowship will be given to women farmers for training and education in farm practice.
      2. Cattle Genomics - It aims at boosting selective breeding of the native livestock more accurately to ensure high-yielding, disease-resistant, resilient livestock.
  11. Oct 21, 2016
    1. Oct 21- Police Commemoration Day.
    2. SN Ghormade appointed as Director General of Naval Operations.
    3. India won 2016 Kabaddi World Cup by defeating Iran by 38-29. It was hosted by India in Ahmedabad (Gujarat). It is India's Third consecutive Kabaddi World Cup Title.
    4. Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman visited Oslo (Norway) for mini Ministerial gathering of Trade Ministers. 
    5. Home Minister Rajnath Singh visited Bahrain.
    6. Indian Air Force Chief Arup Raha Visited Russia.
    7. International Household Survey Network (IHSN) Toolkit workshop held by Ministry for Statistics and Programme Implementation in Delhi.
      1. Micro data Management Toolkit is open source data, DDI (Data Documentation Initiative) compliant application for cataloguing and dissemination of Metadata & Microdata. The International Household Survey Network (IHSN) is designed to address technical issues facing data producers.  
    8. World Bank’s ease of doing business Report 2017 (190 Nations) -
      1. Title of 2017 Report is - Equal Opportunity for All.
      2. India ranked at 130th place among 190 countries in List. In previous report, India was ranked at 131st.
      3. India rank in different metrices -
        1. Topics 2015 Rank

          2016 Rank

          2017 Rank

          Getting Electricity   

          137

          70

          26

          Enforcing Contracts   

          186

          178

          172

          Starting a Business   

          158

          155

          155

          Registering Property  

          121

          138

          138

          Resolving Insolvency   

          137

          136

          136

          Construction Permits   

          184

          183

          185

          Getting Credit   

          36

          42

          44

          Protecting Minority Investors   

          7

          8

          13

          Paying Taxes   

          156

          157

          172

          Trading Across Borders   

          126

          133

          143

      4. 10 indicators are - starting business, getting electricity, dealing with construction permits, registering property, protecting investors, getting credit, employing workers, trading across borders, paying taxes, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency.
      5. Top 10 Countries - New Zealand (1st), Singapore (2nd), Denmark (3rd), Hong Kong (4th), South Korea (5th), Norway (6th), UK (7th), US (8th), Sweden (9th) and Macedonia (10th).
      6. BIRCS - Russia (40), South Africa (74), China (78), Brazil (123) and India (130).
      7. Neighbours - Bhutan (73), China (78), Nepal (107), Sri Lanka (110), Pakistan (144) and Bangladesh (176).
      8. Somalia is ranked Last, shows that is is worst in terms of doing business
    9. Prime Minister of New Zealand, John Key visited India.
      1. India and New Zealand signed three agreements in the areas of double taxation avoidance (DTA), sports and food security.
    10. Government constituted a Committee Under Joint Commissioner, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries (Munialappa) to Monitor situation arising out of avian influenza (H5N8), Also called Bird Flu.
    11. Indian Immunologicals Limited (IIL) launched CYSVAX, world’s first vaccine for Taenia solium Tapeworms in pigs. The vaccine has significant potential benefit to reduce incidence of epilepsy in humans.
    12. Supreme Court Directed BCCI (Board of Control for Cricket in India) to not to disburse any funds to state cricket associations till they resolve to abide by Justice RM Lodha Committee recommendations.
    13. Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) approved using Decision Review System (DRS) in upcoming 5 Test series against England in November 2016.
    14. 22nd meeting of Western Zonal Council held at Mumbai, Maharashtra under Home Minister Rajnath Singh.
    15. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) recommended Department of Telecom (DoT) to impose penalty of 3,050 crore rupees on Bharti Airtel, Vodafone and Idea cellular, for denying interconnectivity to newcomer Reliance Jio.
    16. Union Government will fast-track four projects in Indus river basin to increase irrigation area in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) by 2 lakh acres. India has decided to exploit to maximum water of Pakistan-controlled rivers Indus, Jhelum and Chenab as per Indus Water Treaty (IWT).
  12. Oct 20, 2016
    1. Oct 20 - World Osteoporosis Day. It is aimed at raising global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. 2016 theme is “Love Your Bones - Protect your Future”.
    2. Oct 20 - National Solidarity Day.
    3. 28th Accountants General Conference held in New Delhi.
    4. 2016 Global Power City Index by by Japan-based Mori Memorial Foundation’s Institute for Urban Strategies
      1. London topped the List of 42 major cities of world (across six key measures - economy, research and development, culture, accessibility, environment and livability).
      2. Mumbai is only Indian city (ranked 39th) on list.
    5. Kochi (Kerala) became first Indian city to be officially declared as one of venues for hosting 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. Navi Mumbai became second city as a venue of FIFA U-17 WC 2017.
    6. Nissan Motors appointed Carlos Ghosn as chairman of Mitsubishi Motors Corp (Japan's second-biggest automaker).
    7. Haryana Government appointed wrestler Geeta Phogat as Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) in Haryana Police.
    8. Ministry of Railways and Urban Development Ministry signed MoU for smart railway stations, valid for 5 years.
    9. Pakistan warned India of military action if India violates Indus Water Treaty (IWT).
      1. Indus River is important for Pakistan as 65% of the Pakistan’s geographical area including entire Pakistan’s Punjab province is part of Indus basin. The water of Indus River is lifeline of Pakistan and is source of irrigation, hydro power and drinking water for millions of Pakistanis. If the water from rivers is stopped by India it can surely cut lifeline of Pakistan.
    10. Researchers from Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (IGKV) Chattisgarh developed a protein-enriched rice variet, with 10% protein content. It is 3% more than what is found in any popular variety and has 30 PPM (parts per million) zinc content.
    11. South African Gandhian Activist Mewa Ramgobin passed away.
    12. Book The Adivasi Will Not Dance, by Hansda Sowendra Shekhar has been shortlisted The Hindu Prize 2016.
    13. Pakistan's media regulatory authority enforced complete ban on Indian TV and radio contents.
    14. Sunil Kumar Mishra appointed as Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) of Odisha.
    15. A Saudi Arabian Prince Turki bin Saud al-Kabir was executed for shooting a man, Adel al-Mohaimeed.
    16. Indian Railways won World Railway Shooting Championship Cup held in France.
    17. Indian Boxing Council (IBC) inducted into World Boxing Organisation (WBO) with voting rights, during WBO's annual convention at Puerto Rico.
    18. Japan's Morinari Watanabe elected as President of International Gymnastics Federation (FIG).
    19. Book The Sleepwalker's Dream, authored by Dhrubajyoti Borah has been released. It narrates journey of a group of militants towards an elusive freedom and an uncertain future.
    20. Milan city (Italy) bestowed honorary citizenship on Dalai Lama, opposed by China.
    21. Government decided to establish at least one Krishi Vigyan Kendra in each of districts in country, to provide technical assistance to farmers.
    22. Indian football team achieved its best FIFA ranking in over six years, as per latest FIFA Report. India is now ranked at 137th (Jump of 11 places).
      1. At present, Argentina tops the FIFA World Rankings, followed by Germany and Brazil.
  13. Oct 19, 2016
    1. Global Conference to Strengthen Arbitration and Enforcement in India held in delhi with title - National Initiative On Strengthening Arbitration And Enforcement In India.
    2. SV Bhokare appointed as Commandant of Indian Naval Academy Ezhimala (Kerala).
    3. Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Uma Bharti released first installment of Rs. 1500 crore to states as central assistance for 99 prioritized irrigation projects under Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Program (AIBP). Amount is meant for 50 projects in Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Telangana. Total funds required for completion of all 99 projects is 77595 crore. 
    4. To help in doubling farmers' income by 2022, NABARD sanctioned loan of 19 702 crore to National Water Development Agency (NWDA) for 50 irrigation projects from 11 States under Long Term Irrigation Fund (LTIF).
    5. India signed Loan Agreement of US$ 650 million with World Bank, for Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor-III (EDFC-III) Project of Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd. (DFCCIL). Objective of EDFC-III Project is to augment rail transport capacity, improve service quality and enhance freight carriage throughput on 401 km Ludhiana-Khurja section of the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor.
    6. Fast Patrol Vessels Aryama, Atulya and Rani Gaidinliu commissioned into Indian Coast Guard, developed by Cochin Shipyard.
    7. Civil Aviation Minister P Ashok Gajapathi Raju launched Regional Connectivity Scheme UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagarik). UDAN is first-of-its-kind scheme globally will create affordable yet economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes so that flying becomes affordable to the common man even in small towns. 
      1. Under this, Government will provide higher a subsidy to airlines that operate flights between 2 airports under Regional Connectivity Scheme.
      2. Subsidy given to airlines operating between 2 less served airports will be 10% more than sum offered to airlines that connect only one regional airport.
      3. Subsidy will be provided under UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam naagrik) scheme for 3 years. It will be provided to airlines to fund their losses by offering airfares at Rs. 2,500 for an hour’s flight on half seats under Regional Connectivity Scheme. Subsidy amount for airlines connecting to one regional airport will vary between Rs. 2,350 and Rs. 5,100 per seat.
    8. Scientists from University of Sydney (Australia) found that mother’s milk from marsupials (Tasmanian devils) could help to deadly superbugs which resist antibiotics.
    9. World Bank pledged 2 billion USD aid to Bangladesh to tackle climate change over next 3 years, as part of World Bank’s fund for poorest countries. Bangladesh is extremely vulnerable to climate change and accounts for almost 70% of all storm surges in the world.
    10. British statistician David Cox won inaugural International Prize in Statistics by International Prize in Statistics Foundation. He got this honour in recognition of Survival Analysis Model (or Cox Model) Applied in Medicine, Science, and Engineering.
    11. Election Commission of India hosted first ever International Conference on Voter Education in New Delhi.
    12. Ministry of Railways declared Okha-Kanalus and the Porbandar-Wansjaliya railway sections of Gujarat as Green Train Corridors (All trains through these routes will be equipped with bio-toilets).
    13. Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal II (KWDT-II) headed by Brijesh Kumar decided to not to relook into allocation of Krishna River water among four states - Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Tribunal though decided to confine reallocation of Krishna water to Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
      1. KWDT-II pronounced its judgement on the litigation prompted by Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Both states in their petition had sought fresh allocation of Krishna River water among all four riparian states, not just between both of them.
      2. KWDT-II verdict said that Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014 was not applicable to all four states, thss river water should be re-allocated between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, from the share of undivided Andhra Pradesh.
      3. Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal (KWDT)
        1. KWDT was set up by Government in 1969 under Interstate River Water Disputes Act 1956 to resolve disputes between states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and then undivided Andhra Pradesh over sharing of Krishna river water.
    14. State Bank of India (SBI) declared Silchar as its 5th zone in North East to facilitate banking issues for the customers of Mizoram, Tripura and Manipur along with the Barak Valley of North east India.
    15. Maharashtra government launched Kaushalya Setu for accommodting students in skill development courses who failed to clear Class 10th / 12th exam.
  14. Oct 18, 2016
    1. United Nations Education, Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) released a report stating that nearly 6.9 Crore new teachers are needed to provide quality universal primary and secondary education by 2030, the deadline of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
    2. Delhi Indira Gandhi International Airport's Terminal 3 (IGIA) achieved Platinum rating from Indian Green Building Council (IGBC).
    3. S P Yadav elected as President of North Zone of Urology Society of India (NZUSI).
    4. Manipur's Human rights activist (Called as Iron Lady) Irom Sharmila announced formation of her political party named Peoples Resurgence and Justice Alliance (PRJA).
    5. State Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi Visited India and signed three agreements -
      1. Designing an academic and professional building programme for insurance industry of Myanmar.
      2. Cooperation in Power Sector : India has also offered to enhance power supply from Moreh in Manipur to Tamu in Myanmar.
      3. Banking Supervision between RBI and Central Bank of Myanmar.
    6. Indian and Chinese armies held Second Joint Exercise “Sino India Cooperation 2016” in Ladakh, as a sequel to the first Joint Exercise held in Feb 2016.
  15. Oct 17, 2016
    1. Oct 17 - International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. 2016 Theme is Moving from humiliation and exclusion to participation: Ending poverty in all its forms.
    2. Film Society of Lincoln Center announced Robert De Niro as recipient of 44th Chaplin Award.
    3. USA lifted Over 20 years old Economic sanctions against Myanmar.
    4. Delhi Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung dissolved Delhi Waqf Board, referring It’s constitution to a Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) probe for alleged corruption.
    5. Russia vetoed a UN Security Council draft resolution demanding an end to bombing of Aleppo city in Syria. The draft text proposed by France and Spain.
    6. Study by Kyoto University Scientists suggests that apes have ability to Think and guess like Humans.
    7. Russian Tennis star Maria Sharapova's doping ban has been reduced from 2 years to 15 months.
    8. Ashish Vohra has been appointed as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Reliance Nippon Life Insurance.
    9. Safe Motherhood Week Observed in Uttar Pradesh, to decrease 'Mother Mortality Rate' (MMR) and 'Infant Mortality Rate' (IMR).
    10. Israel suspended co-operation with UN's cultural agency, UNESCO, accusing it of denying Judaism's connections to the religion's holiest sites. The action came after UNESCO approved a draft resolution, which repeatedly used only the Islamic name for a hilltop complex, which is also the holiest site in Judaism.
    11. Maldives government decided to leave 53-member Commonwealth of Nations after the organisation warned Maldives of suspension by Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group (CMAG) if it failed to take further steps to promote the rule of law and democracy.
  16. Oct 16, 2016
    1. Oct 16 - World Food Day. 2016 Theme is Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too.
    2. BSE Data on Market Capitalization -
      1. TCS is India’s most valuable company with a market capitalization of Rs4.66 trillion, followed by Reliance Industries (3.49 Trillion INR), HDFC Bank (3.21 Trillion INR) and ITC Limited (2.90 Trillion INR).
      2. Oil and Natural Gas Corp. (ONGC) beat Infosys become 5th most valuable company in India (2.37 Trillion INR), while Infosys is valued at (2.36 Trillion INR)
    3. Indian pharmaceutical Firm Cipla signed MOU for South Africa’s first biosimilars manufacturing facility to be set up at a cost of nearly USD 91 million.
    4. Indian boxer Neeraj Goyat defeated Australia’s Ben Kite to retain WBC welterweight Asia title.
    5. BCCI president Anurag Thakur appointed as member of ICC’s Finance and Commercial Affairs committee.
    6. International Union for Conservation of Nature makrked Kashmir Stag (Hangul) as a critically endangered species.
    7. Navdeep Singh Suri appointed as Ambassador of India to United Arab Emirates (UAE). 
    8. Sanjay Singh appointed as Member Secretary in Law Commission of India.
    9. Actress Sonam Kapoor honored with 2016 ET Panache Trendsetter Award in Mumbai, along with several other Entrepreneurs and Social Workers. The award recognizes the efforts of entrepreneurs, innovators and athletes who inspire millions.
    10. First elephant sanctuary in Latin America opened in Brazil to provide a home for an estimated 50 circus animals from across the region. 
  17. Oct 15, 2016
    1. Oct 15 - World Students’ Day. It is observed on Birth anniversary of India’s 11th President and great scientist Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. It was announced by UN in 2010.
    2. Oct 15 - International Day of Rural Women. 2016 Theme is Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too.
    3. World Bank will provide US $1 billion aid to Bangladesh over the next three years to fight child malnutrition.
    4. 8th BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) Summit held in Goa -
      1. Attended by Indian PM Narendra Modi, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Brazilian President Michel Temer and South African President Jacob Zuma.
      2. Theme for the summit was Building Responsive, Inclusive and Collective Solutions -
      3. BRICS nations agreed to set up an independent Rating Agency, to challenge western hegemony in world of finance.
      4. BRICS - BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) meet held. BIMSTEC Nations - Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand.
      5. MOUs Signed within BRICS Nations -
        1. MoU for Establishment of BRICS Agricultural Research Platform
        2. Regulations on Customs Cooperation Committee of the BRICS
        3. MoU on Mutual Cooperation between Diplomatic Academies
    5. PM Narendra Modi will launch first National Tribal Carnival in Delhi on October 25, 2016.
    6. India’s Played their 900th ODI against New Zealand at Dharamshala (Himachal Pradesh). India is first Nation to play 900 ODI Matches.
    7. US Navy commissioned its largest and technologically advanced destroyer Zumwalt. The 610-foot-long ship costs nearly USD 4.4 billion.
    8. Jamaican athlete Usain Bolt announced that he will retire after 2017 World Championships in London.
    9. According to the data by RBI ,India’ banking system reported total deposits of Rs 100 lakh crore for first time ever in September 2016. With demand deposits of 10 lakh crore and time deposits of Rs 90 lakh crore.
    10. World Economic Forum (WEF) Report on Safety and Security -
      1. Finland is safest Nation, followed by Qatar and UAE. El Salvador is ranked last (least safe).
  18. Oct 14, 2016
    1. Oct 14 - World Standards Day (WSD). 2016 theme is Standards Build Trust.
    2. India induced its first indigenously built strategic nuclear submarine INS Arihant into service and completed its nuclear triad.
      1. India is fourth country to have a nuclear triad i.e. capable of delivering nuclear weapons by aircraft, ballistic missiles and submarine launched missiles. Other countries having nuclear triad are Russia, United States and China.
      2. INS Arihant is nuclear submarine capable of carrying nuclear tipped ballistic missiles. Thus it belongs to class referred to as Ship Submersible Ballistic Nuclear (SSBN).
      3. Its design is based on the Russian Akula-1 class submarine. It was built with Russia’s help under Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) project started in the 1980s.
      4. It weighs 6000 tonnes and is 112 metre long. It is powered by 83 MW pressurised light water nuclear reactor with enriched uranium fuel.
    3. According to System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), Delhi’s air quality is very poor. The average (24-hour rolling) of PM2.5 and PM10, suspended respirable pollutants, were recorded as 120.8 and 248 micrograms per cubic metre as against safe limits of 60 and 100.
    4. Indian Badminton Player Saina Nehwal appointed as a member of the International Olympic Committee’s (IOC) Athletes’ Commission.
    5. Ministry of Shipping sanctioned Capital Dredging Project of Ro Pax Ferry Services between Gogha & Dahej, in Gulf of Cambay in Gujarat under Sagarmala programme. otal project cost is estimated to be Rs 234 Crore of which 50% will be funded by the Government under Sagarmala.
    6. Government proposed 4 GST rate slabs for new indirect tax regime, ranging 0 to 26 %, during meeting of GST Council headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
      1. Standard GST rate will be 18 %, applicable for most of Goods. Few suggested exceptions are -
        1. 6 % - Costly items and necessary food items.
        2. 12 % - FMCG and Food Items
        3. 26 % - Luxury Items
      2. Others Outcomes of Meeting Include -
        1. Secular growth rate of 14% will be taken into consideration for calculating the revenue of each state in the first five years of implementation of the GST.
        2. Base year for calculating the revenue of states will be 2015-16.
    7. Scientists from Delhi’s National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have developed a way of producing electricity from water hydroelectric cell at room temperature without using any power or chemicals. In this new method, scientist had used zinc and silver as electrodes to make a cell that produces electricity.
    8. Ministry of Road Transport & Highways made it mandatory for all automobile manufacturers to provide emission and noise pollution details for every vehicle they produce, from April 2017 onwards. Govt amended Form 22 under Central Motor Vehicles Act, 1989 through which manufactures provide the initial certification of compliance of vehicles.
    9. Indian Navy commissioned a Car Nicobar Class water jet fast attack craft (WJFAC) INS Tihayu.
    10. 43rd edition of India International Knit Fair 2016 held at India Knit Fair Complex in Tirupur in Tamil Nadu.
    11. Indian Badminton Player Sourbah Verma won 2016 Men's singles at Chinese Taipei Masters Badminton Grand Prix tournament.
    12. Kigeli V Ndahindurwa (80), Last king of Rwanda passed away.
    13. 104th Indian Science Congress (ISC) 2017 will be held at Sri Venkateswara University in Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh) in January 2017.
    14. 5th India International Silk Fair (IISF) 2016 held at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi.
    15. Haryana government started a ‘Farm Tourism’ scheme to boost tourism. In it, registered farm owners can host tourists as part of holiday packages. This scheme has been started to attract people to villages.
  19. Oct 13, 2016
    1. Oct 13 - International Day for Disaster Reduction. 2016 Theme is  “Live to Tell: Raising Awareness, Reducing Mortality”.
    2. Oct 13, 2016 - World Sight Day. It is held on 2nd Thursday of October every year. 2016 theme is Stronger Together.
    3. K.S. Valdiya committee submitted report to Water Resources Ministry and concluded that Saraswati River so far considered mythical, actually existed.
      1. Saraswati River originated in the Himalayas and was approximately 4,000 km in length and flowed through India (3000 KM) and Pakistan (1000 KM) before meeting Arabian Sea through Rann of Kutch.
    4. Nigerian Petroleum & Natural Gas Minister Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu visited India.
    5. G-20 Seminar on Corruption & Global Economy and G-20 Anti Corruption Working Group (ACWG) meeting held in Paris  (France). Indian delegation is headed by Devesh Chaturvedi.
    6. PM Narendra Modi launched National SC/ST hub and Zero Defect, Zero Effect (ZED) scheme for MSMEs at Ludhiana in Punjab. He also dedicated to the nation 3 hydropower projects at Koldam, Parbati and Rampur in Himachal Pradesh.
      1. Koldam - 4×200 MW capacity project executed by National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC).
      2. Parbati - Stage-III project with a capacity of 530 MW of National Hydropower Corporation (NHPC).
      3. Rampur - 412 MW capacity project of Sutlej Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN).
    7. Brazil won inaugural BRICS U-17 Football Tournament 2016 by defeating South Africa.
    8. Government launched Mining Surveillance System (MSS) as a surveillance network to check illegal mining using latest satellite technology. It is Developed by Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) in coordination with Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics (BISAG) Gandhinagar.
    9. Russian President Vladimir Putin Visit to India
      1. Participated in 8th BRICS Summit and 17th India-Russia Annual Bilateral Summit in Goa.
      2. Russian consortium led by Rosneft Oil Company acquired India’s second biggest private oil firm Essar Oil for US $13 billion. Consortium includes Rosneft Oil Company, Netherlands-based commodities trader Trafigura and private investment group United Capital Partners.
      3. Defence Deals -
        1. Rs 39,000 crore Deal with Russia to purchase five state of art S-400 ‘Triumf’ air defence systems.
          1. S-400 ‘Triumf’ Air Defence System are long-range air defence missile systems and one of most advanced long-range defence systems in world. It is referred to as SA-21 Growler by NATO.
          2. It is an upgraded version of the S-300 defence system and is manufactured by Almaz-Antey. It has been in service in Russia since 2007.
          3. It is capable of firing three types of missiles. Thus, it creates a layered defence, and simultaneously engaging 36 targets.
          4. It has capability to destroy incoming all airborne targets at ranges of up to 400 km. With it, India can destroy Pakistani aircrafts even when they are in their airspace.
          5. India is second customer of S-400 Missile defence systems after China.
        2. Ka-226T helicopters (Kamov 226T)
          1. Light multipurpose helicopter designed for work in difficult conditions like high mountains, hot climate and marine areas.
          2. It will replace the aging Cheetah and Chetak choppers. After induction, Kamov helicopters will operate at 20,000 feet .
        3. Stealth frigates -
          1. India and Russia will built four stealth frigates which will be improved versions of Krivak or Talwar class stealth frigates Two frigates will be built in Russia and other two will be constructed at an Indian shipyard with Russian cooperation.
        4. India signed agreement with Russia to lease second Akula-II class nuclear attack submarine (SSN), worth $2 billion. This second nuclear submarine will arrive in India in 2020-21.
      4. Other agreements -
        1. International Information Security, Bilateral trade and economic cooperation.
        2. Developing smart cities in Andhra Pradesh and Haryana.
        3. >MoU between Gazprom and Engineers India Limited (EIL) for the joint study of a gas pipeline to India from Russia and other areas of cooperation.
        4. Agreement between Rosneft Oil Company and ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) in Education and Training.
        5. MOU for setting up an investment fund of $1 billion by the National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) and the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF).
        6. MoU for Cooperation between Railways in increasing the speed of trains between Nagpur- Hyderabad/ Secundrabad.
        7. MoU between ROSCOSMOS and ISRO on Mutual Allocation of Ground Measurement Gathering Stations for NAvIC and GLONASS.
    10. China launched its longest-ever manned mission by taking two astronauts Jing Haipeng and Chen Dong into orbit, on board of Shenzhou-11 (heavenly vessel) spacecraft by a Long March-2F carrier rocket. Astronauts will spend a month aboard an experimental space laboratory Tiangong-2 (Heavenly Palace 2).
    11. National Summit on Fortification of Food held in New Delhi, to address interventions in combating micronutrient malnutrition in country.
    12. 4 Indian wrestlers won medals at sixth edition of the TAFISA World Games held in Jakarta (Indonesia). Wrestler Dalmiya won gold and Others to win medals are Luv Singh, Naveen Kumar and Josil.
    13. C Radhakrishnan selected for Mathrubhumi Literary Award 2016.
    14. Amandeep Singh Gill appointed as India’s Ambassador to UN Conference on Disarmament (Geneva, Switzerland).
    15. Hinduja Group’s Ashok Leyland launched India’s first electric bus which are non-polluting and have zero-emissions, under National Electric Mobility Plan that aims at a 20% penetration of electric/hybrid (eco-friendly) vehicles by 2020. They have been given subsidy under Central government’s Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme.
  20. Oct 12, 2016
    1. King of Thailand, Bhumibol Adulyadej passed away after 70 years reign.
    2. Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Radha Mohan Singh informed that egg availability in India is 63 per person per year, while it should be about 180 eggs per person per year.
    3. Second BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors’ meeting held in Goa.
    4. Germany's Minister of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, Alexander Dobrindt visited India.
    5. United Nations General Assembly elected Antonio Guterres (Portugal) as the new Secretary-General of United Nations, for a five-year term beginning January 1, 2017. He will succeed Ban Ki-moon.
    6. India received first parcel of 2 million barrels of crude oil from Iran to partly fill strategic storage in southern India as part of India's Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPRs) storage, imported by Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd (MRPL). India will fill half of storage with 6 million barrels of Iranian oil, while for remainder India is in talks with UAE and Saudi Arabia. Second parcel of such reserve will be procured by Bharat Petroleum Corp.
      1. It is important for India to have strategic storage as India imports around 80% of its crude oil requirement.
    7. Global Hunger Index 2017 by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) -
      1. India ranked 97th among 118 countries, with a score of 28.5. It reflects serious condition of nourishing food availability in India.
        1. In India, About 15% of under 5 children are 'wasted' and 39% of under-5 children are ‘stunted’. Under-5 mortality rate is 4.8%.
        2. Though India runs two of the world’s biggest children’s nutrition programmes - ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) for children under 6 years and mid-day meal programme for school going kids up to the age of 14. Still, malnutrition is a serious Issue in India.
      2. India's Neighbours -
        1. China- Rank - 29, Score - 7.7
        2. Nepal - Rank - 72, Score - 21.9
        3. Sri Lanka - Rank - 84, Score - 25.5
        4. Bangladesh - Rank - 90, Score - 27.1
        5. Pakistan - Rank - 107, Score - 33.4
      3. Best and Worst Ranked Nations in GHI 2016 -
        1. Best - Argnetina, Bosnia & Herzegovina and Belarus (Under Score of 5)
        2. Worst - Central African Republic (Score - 46.1), Chad (Score - 44.3), Zambia (Score - 39)
    8. Vice President and Rajya Sabha Chairman Hamid Ansari has recognised a group of 22 MPs belonging to smaller parties and certain Independents as a consolidated bloc - the United Group. It will be the third largest group of MPs in the Rajya Sabha, after Congress and BJP.
    9. India decided to eliminate use of HFC - 23 (Hydrofluorocarbons 23), a greenhouse gas (GHG) that harms ozone layer by 2030. It is 14800 times more harmful to ozone layer, than CO2. It was announced during 28th Meeting of the Parties to Montreal Protocol at Kigali (Rwanda).
      1. Montreal Protocol -
        1. It is an international treaty that came into force in 1989, aimed at protecting ozone layer by reducing consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS). It has been ratified by all 197 UN Nations and has phased out over 95% of ODS so far.
    10. India and Russia signed agreement for development of a network of 25 integrated infrastructure Agro irradiation centres.
      1. Agreement signed to form a Joint Venture between Hindustan Agro Co-Op Ltd (HACL) and United Innovation Corporation (UIC) of Russia, with HACL holdin 51%. In first phase 7 centers will be set up in Maharashtra.
      2. India needs network of Agro Irradiation Centres as post-harvest losses in food and food grains are around 40-50%, mainly due to microbiological contamination, insect infestation, physiological changes and poor shelf life. It accounts annual loss of 2,50,000 crores.
      3. Food irradiation is a technology in which food products are subjected to a low dosage of radiation to treat them for germs and insects, increasing their longevity and shelf life.
    11. Government will utilise vast network of post offices across the country to sell subsidised pulses.
    12. Women of India Festival 2016 of organic products held in New Delhi.
    13. Bangladesh and China agreed to elevate their bilateral relations to strategic partnership, during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to Bangladesh. This is the visit by a Chinese President to Bangladesh in 3 decades since President Li Xiannian’s visit in March 1986. Both countries signed of 26 agreements on different sectors.
    14. Researchers from Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru developed a cost-effective, high-performance, self-powered UV photodetector that can use harvested optical energy for direct self-charging of energy storage devices such as supercapacitor. It can also be used for operating electronic devices in the absence of external power source.
  21. Oct 11, 2016
    1. Oct 11 - International Day of the Girl Child. 2016 Theme is Girls’ Progress = Goals’ Progress: What Counts for Girls.
    2. Government will commemorate birth centenary of social activist and former RSS leader Nanaji Deshmukh from October 11, 2016 to October 11, 2017.
    3. 23rd World Energy Congress held in Istanbul (Turkey) -
      1. Russia and Turkey agreed to intensify military and intelligence contacts. They also have agreed on the need for aid to get to the northern Syrian city of Aleppo.
    4. Standard Chartered Bank tied up with Uber under which its credit cardholders will get a cash-back of up to 25 per cent for hailing cabs from Uber app. Nations includd are India, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and UAE.
      1. In India, SCB cardholders will get a 20 % cash-back on all Uber rides, subject max 600 per month.
    5. Amrit Lugun has been appointed as India's Ambassador to Eritrea.
    6. Former Director-General of CSIR, R. A. Mashelkar conferred with V Krishnamurthy Award for excellence by Hyderabad-based Centre for Organisation Development.
    7. British Olymic Champion Jessica Ennis-Hill retired from athletics.
    8. Noted writer and litterateur from Uttarakhand, Dayanand Anant passed away.
    9. Nobel prizewinning Italian Actor Dario Fo passed away.
    10. Engine Lubricant Brand Valvoline Cummins signed up Cricket captain Virat Kohli as ambassador.
    11. Mizoram government declared 90 year old Lalbiakthanga Pachuau as oldest working journalist in India.
    12. Indian scientist Kirtiraj Kundlik Gaikwad conferred with prestigious IAFP Young scientist scholarship award for his research on development of novel oxygen absorbing package in the field of active packaging for oxygen sensitive food products.
    13. PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Shaurya Smarak' war memorial in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. 
    14. Second Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav (RSM) 2016 held in Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi.
    15. Nobel Prizes 2016 -
      1. Medicine - Yoshinori Ohsumi (Japan) for his work on autophagy. He becomes 23rd Japanese to win a Nobel prize.
      2. Physics - Britain's David Thouless, F Duncan M Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz selected for their researches on theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.
      3. Chemistry - Jean-Pierre Sauvage (French), J Fraser Stoddart (Scotland) and Bernard L Feringa (Netherlands) selected for their efforts in developing molecular machines.
      4. Peace - Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.
      5. Economics - Oliver Hart (UK), Bengt R. Holmström (Finland)
      6. Literature - Bob Dylan (USA).
  22. Oct 10, 2016
    1. Oct 10 - World Mental Health Day. 2016 theme is Psychological First Aid.
    2. Power Minister Piyush Goyal assured 100 % electrification of India by May 1, 2017.
    3. Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd (RINL), corporate entity of Vizag Steel has appointed Badminton Player PV Sindhu as brand ambassador.
    4. Oscar-winning Film director Andrzej Wajda passed away.
    5. US Stated that India is now 12th largest holder of Governmwent Bonds of USA, with total value $123.7 billion.
    6. Bank of Baroda signed sponsorship contracts with badminton players P V Sindhu and K Srikanth.
    7. Punjab Agricultural University and FieldFresh Foods signed MoU to carry out a corn productivity research programme.
    8. Bank of Maharashtra tied up with United India Insurance Company. UIIC products can now be bought at any branch of Bank of Maharashtra1.
    9. ICICI Bank became first Indian Bank to complete a banking transaction using Blockchain technology. This remittance transaction has been completed in partnership with West Asia's Emirates NBD.
    10. Oxford English Dictionary hasincluded Aiyoh and Aiyah, defined as In southern India and Sri Lanka, expressing distress, regret, or grief".
    11. Renu Pall appointed as India's Ambassador to Austria.
    12. BHEL commissioned 660 Mw coal-based supercritical thermal power unit in Uttar Pradesh, at 3x660 Mw Prayagraj super thermal power project in Allahabad district.
    13. India's Ruthvika Shivani Gadde won women's singles title at Russian Open Badinton and Pranaav Jerry Chopra and N Sikki Reddy won the mixed doubles. Other winners -
      1. Men's Singles - Zulfadli Zulkiffli (Malaysia)
      2. Men's Doubles - Vladimir Ivanov and Ivan Sozonov (Russia)
      3. Women's Doubles - Anastasia Chervyakova and Olga Morozova (Russia)
    14. Noted American boxer Aaron Pryorpassed away.
    15. S&P Global Ratings announced that India's GST indirect tax law will make India grow at around 8% GDP growth Rate. Report was titled - ‘Asia-Pacific steadies while China goes silent.
  23. Oct 09, 2016
    1. Oct 09 - World Post Day. 2016 Theme is “Innovation, Integration and Inclusion”.
    2. IT Firms HCL and IBM entered into 15-year partnership for automation, development and operations.
    3. Aditya Birla Retail appointed Mohit Kampani as chief executive officer.
    4. Government constituted 4 member Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) under Chairmanship of M.S. Sahoo. Other 3 members are - Ajay Tyagi, Amardeep Singh Bhatia and G.S. Yadav.
    5. Indian golfer Gaganjeet Bhullar won Korea Open 2016, his 6th Asian Tour title.
    6. R Ravindra appointed as Ambassador of India to Guinea.
    7. Former Nasscom chairman B.V.R. Mohan Reddy has been appointed Honorary Consul of Germany in Hyderabad. 
    8. Jammu and Kashmir Bank appointed Parvez Ahmed as Chairman and CEO.
    9. Jawhar Sircar resigned as Chief Executive Officer of Prasar Bharati. 
    10. India's foreign exchange reserves reached a new high of USD 371.99 billion.
    11. Great Britain Pound (GBP) set a new record with sudden collapse against USD of over 6% to $1.1841 in 2 minutes. 
    12. A new frog species that resembles Graceful tree frog (Litoria Gracilenta), discovered in Australia’s Queensland. 
    13. India's Harika Dronavalli defeated World No. 1 Hou Yifan of China to be at joint fourth position in Isle of Man international Chess tournament.
    14. Telangana government organised traditional state festival of 'Bathukamma' and it entered into Guinness Book of World Records, with about ten thousand women participating.
    15. Mercedes Racer Nico Rosberg (Germany) won 2016 Formula 1 Japanese Grand Prix -
      1. 2016 Formula One season -
        1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
          1. Grand Prix Date Winner
            Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
            Monaco 29 May Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Canada 12 June Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Europe 19 June Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Austria 3 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Britain 10 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Hungary 24 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Germany 31 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Belgium 28 August Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Italy 4 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Singapore 18 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Malaysia 2 October Daniel Ricciardo (Australia)
            Japan 9 October   Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            USA 23 October  
            Mexico 30 October  
            Brazil 13 November  
            Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  24. Oct 08, 2016
    1. Oct 08 - Indian Air Force (IAF) Day. 2016 observes 84th anniversary of IAF.
    2. Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) constituted a 3-member committee headed by IIT-Kharagpur Director Partha Pratim Chakraborty to suggest ways to reduce number of seats falling vacant at IITs and NITs every year.
    3. As per World Economic Outlook (WEO) report of International Monetary Fund (IMF), India’s GDP growth forecast has been raised to 7.6 % for FY17 (2016-17 ) and FY18 (2017-18).
    4. World Economic Forum (WEF) India Summit held in New Delhi with theme Fostering an Inclusive India through Digital Transformation.
    5. Indian mountaineer Arjun Vajpai scaled world’s 6th highest mountain Cho Oyu (8188 metres), at China Tibet border. Arjun has climbed five of the 14 highest mountains in the world that tower over 8000 metres.
    6. Book Night of Fire has been authored by Colin Thubron.
    7. Book The Ministry of Utmost Happiness has been authored by Arundhati Roy, which will release in June 2017.
    8. Bathukamma floral festival celebrated by Hindu women in Telangana.
    9. Doordarshan signed agreement with Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) regarding the transmission of 4 Gyan Darshan Educational channels.
    10. Ministry of Tourism conferred Cleanest Tourist Destination award on Sikkim capital Gangtok, while Chandigarh and Mysore named as ‘Clean Cities in million plus population category’.
    11. Arundhati Bhattacharya got 1 year extension as Chairperson and Managing Director of State Bank of India. 
    12. Bengaluru's Kieren Dsouza became first Indian to complete Spartathlon, described as the world’s toughest race. She completed 246.6 km distance in 33 hours, one minute and 38 seconds. Spartathlon is an annual run between Athens and Sparta in Greece, with a reported success rate of 50%.
    13. France became first country to ban disposable plastic cups and plates by passing a law that will go into effect in January 2020. The law will require all disposable tableware to be made from 50% biologically-sourced materials that can be composted at home, to be enhanced to 60% by 2025. 
    14. India reacted sharply to technical hold on banning Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar by United Nations 1267 Sanctions Committee.
    15. Government integrated 250 mandis in 10 states with electronic national agriculture market (e-NAM) in first phase. Target is to integrate 585 mandis by March 2018.
    16. India Cricketer Virat Kohli presented with ICC Test Championship mace for leading his team to the top of the Test Team Rankings.
  25. Oct 07, 2016
    1. 2016 Kabaddi World Cup (KWC) started at The Arena By TransStadia in Ahmedabad, which is India’s first-ever convertible stadium. It can be converted an outdoor stadium into an indoor arena within 6 minutes at a touch of a button, with seating capacity of 20,000 and can house 14 sports, excluding cricket.
    2. Madhya Pradesh government will launch Lalima Abhiyan in November 2016, to make state free from anaemia.
    3. Luo Zhaohui has been appointed as China’s new Ambassador to India.
    4. Book Half Lion: How P.V. Narasimha Rao Transformed India has been authored by Vinay Sitapati.
    5. China Open Tennis 2016 -
      1. Men's Singles - Andy Murray (United Kingdom)
      2. Women's Singles - Agnieszka Radwańska (Poland)
      3. Men's Doubles - Pablo Carreño Busta and Rafael Nadal (Spain)
      4. Women's Doubles - Bethanie Mattek-Sands (USA) and Lucie Šafářová (Czech Republic)
    6. Indian sprinter Srabani Nanda has won 24th Ekalabya Award 2016 as a recognition of her sporting excellence. This award is instituted by Odisha-based Indian Metals Public Charitable Trust (IMPaCT).
    7. Book All That Man Is has been authored by David Szalay.
    8. Somesh Sharma has been elected as President of Indian Newspaper Society (INS) for 2016-17.
    9. Abhaneri festival held at Abhaneri village in Dausa (Rajasthan), to promote rural tourism in area.
    10. Strong Typhoon Chaba hit Japan and South Korea.
    11. Chinese currency Yuan officially became member of International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s Special Drawing Rights (SDR) basket, which determines currencies that countries can receive as part of IMF loans. 
    12. Book Far and Away:Reporting From the Brink of Change has been authored by Andrew Solomon.
    13. Rajeev Sharma appointed as Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of PSU Power Finance Corporation (PFC).
    14. As per World Bank’s report South Asia Economic Focus, India's GDP growth will remain 7.6 % in 2016 and 7.7 % in 2017.
    15. Singer K J Yesudas became brand ambassador of Haritha Keralam (Green Kerala) project of Kerala government.
  26. Oct 06, 2016
    1. First Edition of Tamil Nadu Premier League Cricket Tournament won by TUTI Patriots.
    2. National Seismic Programme (NSP) been launched by Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan in Odisha to trace hydrocarbon resources like oil and natural gas in Mahanadi basin. NSP will undertake a fresh appraisal in all sedimentary basins across India, for a better understanding of the hydrocarbon potential.
    3. Former Minister Veeranna has been selected for Sri Maharshi Valimiki Jayanti Award for 2016-17, given by Karnataka government.
    4. Gurumoorthy Mahalingam has been appointed as Whole-Time Member (WTM) of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
    5. Former Uttarakhand chief minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has been conferred with award by Ugandan Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda for promoting human values through his literature.
    6. Satish Pathak has been awarded for ‘Excellence in Technical Innovation’ by the International Society of Automation (ISA) for his innovation Digital Controlled Valve for Precise Liquid Dispensing by Gravity flow.
    7. 2016 BRICS trade ministers Meet and BRICS Trade Fair and Exhibition held in New Delhi.
    8. Book Jihad in My Saffron Garden, ritten by Roxy Arora has been released.
    9. Ajay Kumar Bhalla has been appointed as new Director General of Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT).
    10. 3rd SAARC Sufi festival will be held in Jaipur (Rajasthan).
    11. Book The Legend Of Lakshmi Prasad, authored by Actress Twinkle Khanna will be launched in November 2016.
    12. India donated Rs. 9.3 million (Approx 58 Crores) to Nelson Mandela Foundation to help it in its welfare work for people of South Africa.
    13. Goa Tourism department launched vessels popularly known as ‘Duck Boats’ to boost tourist footfall.
    14. World’s first-ever Cybathlon championship for disabled athletes started at Zurich (Switzerland), organized by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zurich. It is also known as Bionic Olympics, it differs from Paralympics as it sees participants compete against each other using assistive technologies such as robotic prostheses, brain-computer interfaces and powered exoskeletons.
    15. Book The Greatest Bengali Stories Ever Told, has been authored by Arunava Sinha.
  27. Oct 05, 2016
    1. Oct 05 - World Teachers’ Day. 2016 theme is Valuing Teachers, Improving their Status.
      1. In India, Teacher's Day is held on September 05 Every Year. It is birth date of second President of India, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
    2. Government will invest 15000 crore rupees to increase capacity of Panipat refinery in Haryana to 25 Million Tonnes from existing 15 Million Tonnes.
    3. Abdelilah Bekirane has been re-appointed as Prime Minister of Morocco for second term.
    4. Indian Shooter Jitu Rai won the 2016 Champion of Champions pistol Award of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) for pistol shooting. He won it in World Cup Final held in Bologna (Italy), after defeating Damir Mikec of Serbia.
    5. Telangana Government in its biggest administrative reform created 21 new districts, taking number of districts to 31 from 10 -
      1. 21 new districts are - Siddipet, Jayashankar, Jangaon, Jagtial, Yadadri, Warangal (Rural), Peddapally, Sangareddy, Kamareddy, Mancheriyal, Kothagudem, Vikarabad, Rajanna, Asifabad, Suryapet, Wanaparthy, Nirmal, Mahabubabad, Nagarkurnool, Jogulamba and Malkajgiri.
    6. Government will adopt 3 pronged approach to revitalise domestic retail and wholesale trade - Establishing a regulatory body for national internal trade (retail and wholesale), Comprehensive domestic trade policy and Board for Internal Trade.
      1. Domestic trade comprises non-corporate small businesses providing employment to approx 45 crore people. Currently, there is no single regulatory body or Ministry for such six crore small businesses in the country that have collective annual turnover of around Rs. 30 lakh crore.
    7. China critisized USA for its interventions in Asia as tensions are growing between China and USA for territorial disputes in South China Sea (SCS).
    8. 28th India and Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) and Second Bilateral Maritime Exercise began at Belawan, Indonesia in Andaman Sea.
    9. NASA developed a new high-tech electroactive bandage that uses electricity to significantly promote healing of injured wounds, especially in space. The electroactive bandage uses a new material called polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) which can be stimulated by pressure of cell growth and body heat.
    10. Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) appointed committee (headed by Mata Prasad) suggested an overhaul in transmission planning to facilitate transfer of power on economic principles.
    11. Finance Ministry constituted a committee to consolidate regulation of pension products that is currently being done by three different entities - SEBI, IRDA and PFRDA. Committee will look into issue of bringing these companies which are offering pension plans under different regulators under the purview of PFRDA.
    12. 4 public sector banks (PSBs) may struggle to make coupon payments on their additional tier 1 (AT1) bonds due to heavy losses after a surge in bad loans.
      1. AT1 bonds are hybrid bonds that combine debt and equity elements. They are also called as contingent convertible capital instruments (CoCos). These have their roots in financial crisis when governments were forced to bail out banks. They are riskiest debt issued by banks and do not have any set maturity date.
    13. Government brought final draft of National Water Framework Bill 2016 to provide uniform national legal framework to manage water in a better way by proposing model law for all states. However, water being a State subject under VII Schedule of constitution the law will be not binding on States for adoption.
    14. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved mechanism for revision of ethanol price for supply to Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs). Revised price will facilitate OMCs to carry out Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme for 2016-17.
  28. Oct 04, 2016
    1. October 4 - World Animal Day.
    2. Government approved MoUs -
      1. With Qatar on cooperation in field of Youth and Sports. 
      2. WithHungary on cooperation in field of water management. 
      3. MOU between Export Import Bank of India and BRICS New Development Bank (NDB).
    3. PetroFed, an apex society of entities in Hydrocarbon sector, signed MoU with TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute) to undertake study on Climate Change Risks: Preparedness for Oil and Gas Sector.
    4. Government approved establishment of Indian Institute of Management (IIM) at Jammu in a temporary campus at Old Government College of Engineering & Technology from 2016-17.
    5. International Monetary Fund (IMF) stated that adoption of GST (Goods and Services) tax will boost India’s medium-term growth, in form of enhanced business investments.
    6. Government allowed HLL Lifecare (Miniratna PSU) to sub-lease over 300 acres of land for setting up India’s first Medipark (Medical Park) at Chengalpet near Chennai in Tamil Nadu.
    7. Finance Ministry has set up a Public Debt Management Cell (PDMC), with task of streamlining government borrowings and better cash management for deepening bond markets.
      1. PDMC will be upgraded to a statutory Public Debt Management Agency (PDMA). It will allow separation of debt management functions from RBI to PDMA , without causing market disruption.
    8. Biopharmaceutical Competitiveness & Investment (BCI) Survey by Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America -
      1. Indian pharmaceutical companies ranked at 19th position with an overall score of 59 out of 100 among 28 countries, with USA at Top.
    9. India's First International Arbitration Centre inaugurated in Mumbai (Maharashtra), to provide an arbitration platform for Indian business houses to negotiate commercial disputes.
    10. Government extended anti-dumping duty on import of certain Chinese products, used in garments, toys and footwear manufacturing, for upto 2021.
    11. Government announced to set up 30 inland waterways and will soon float invite bids for the same. This move will help to tap the huge potential in the so-far-untapped inland waterways transport segment despite India being endowed with natural rivers suitable for it.
      1. Earlier, Parliament allowed 106 rivers across India to be converted into National Waterways (NWs) in addition to existing 5 such National Waterways.
    12. International Energy Agency (IAE) will partner with India to implement its Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) initiative globally for energy savings.
      1. IAE has been impressed with performance of India’s UJALA programme in terms of vastly improving access to LED lighting while reducing costs.
      2. UJALA scheme is implemented by the Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL).
      3. About 4 crore LEDs are distributed under UJALA per month, up from 10 lakh / month in 2014.
    13. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope (HST) detected Great Balls of Fire (GBF), a mysterious super-hot blobs of gas seen near a dying star.
    14. As per a study by National Council of Applied Economic Research, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) has played important role in reducing ‘socioeconomic disparities’ existing in maternal care.
    15. Supreme Court widened scope of Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005 by making it gender-neutral by deletiing words “adult male” before word ‘person’ in Section 2(q) of Act.
    16. World Space Week (WSW) observed from 4-10 October every year. 2016 theme is “Remote Sensing: Enabling our Future”.
    17. Abhishek Swarnkar from Pune’s Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) has produced a stable, high-efficiency, all-inorganic perovskite nanocrystal solar cells.
      1. New inorganic perovskite nanocrystal material has 10.77% efficiency to convert sunlight to electricity. It used cesium to produce the material of cesium lead iodide.
      2. The nanocrystals of cesium lead iodide were reduced to nanometre range. It allowed the material to absorb visible sunlight till 700 nm at ambient temperature.
      3. These nanocrystals converted sunlight to electricity by producing a high voltage of 1.23 volts.
  29. Oct 03, 2016
    1. World Habitat Day - Observed every year on the first Monday of October throughout world (Oct 03 in 2016).
    2. Kersti Kaljulaid has been elected as first female President of Estonia (Northern Europe).
    3. Indian Film-maker and elephant researcher Prajna Chowta (46) has been appointed Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite (Knight in the National Order of Merit) by French government.
    4. Anil Ambani led Reliance Group and French aerospace firm Dassault Aviation signed deal to set up a joint venture called Dassault Reliance Aerospace, that will execute offsets for recently concluded India-France deal for 36 Rafale fighter jets. It will be the largest offset contract to be executed by any defence company in India, valued at Rs. 30,000 crore.
      1. India and France recently signed Agreement for 36 Rafale jets worth €7.87 billion (about Rs. 59,000 crore), 50% offset of which is to be executed by Dassault Aviation and its partners in India. Through the offsets, government wants to bring in much needed expertise to build domestic defence and aerospace industry.
    5. State Bank of India opened a foreign branch in Yangon (Myanmar) and became the first domestic bank of India to open a branch in Myanmar.
    6. History writer Nayanjot Lahiri won 2016 John F. Richards Prize for her book Ashoka in Ancient India.
    7. Government made Aadhaar card mandatory for availing cooking gas (LPG) subsidies after November 2016.
    8. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways launched Indian Bridge Management System (IBMS). It is being developed to create an inventory of all bridges in country and rate structural condition of bridges, to help in their timely repair and rehabilitation work. IBMS will have info on over one lakh fifty thousand bridge structures.
    9. Former ISRO Chairman and space scientist Udupi Ramachandra Rao became first Indian to be inducted in Hall of Fame of International Astronautical Federation (IAF).
    10. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved ONGC Videsh Limited's proposal to buy 11% stake in JSC Vankorneft from Rosneft Oil Company (Russia).
    11. Rani ki Vav (Gujarat) (UNESCO World Heritage Site) named as Cleanest Iconic Place (among top 25 Adarsh Monuments) by Ministry of Culture at Indian Sanitation Conference (INDOSAN) 2016.
      1. Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) protected historical monuments and archaeological sites as polythene-free zones, up to 300 meters from protected boundaries.
    12. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Working Group on Rationalisation of Branch Authorisation Policy, chaired by Lily Vadera has proposed easing bank branch norms, like a building, number of employees etc to facilitate financial inclusion.
      1. Bank branches (including those having business correspondents) providing minimum 4 hours of service for 5 days a week, should be allowed to be treated as a full-service branch. Any other fixed point unit of the bank not complying with minimum working period should be considered a ‘part-time banking outlet’.
    13. Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling has been honoured with Sustainable Development Leadership Award of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), during World Sustainable Development Summit in New Delhi. Theme for summit is Beyond 2015: People, Planet and Progress.
    14. Noted Manipuri theatre legend Heisnam Kanhailal passed away.
    15. Maharashtra Government allocated approx 40 hectare land to Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) to build LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory) India Project at Dudhala village in Hingoli district.
    16. Ministry of Urban Development approved projects worth 114 crores under HRIDAY scheme for improving infrastructure facilities around core heritage sites in five cities - Varnasi (Uttar Pradesh), Amritsar (Punjab), Dwaraka (Gujarat), Puri (Odisha) and Warangal (Telangana).
    17. Election Commission of India (ECI) collaborated with Facebook to register young voters in 5 states going to polls in 2017 - Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Goa, Manipur and Uttarakhand.
    18. Supreme Court stayed commercial release of Genetically Modified (GM) mustard crop till October 17, 2016.
      1. SC reacted on petition filed by Aruna Rodrigues that said that sowing of GM Mustard seeds will be undertaken without relevant tests and without entire bio-safety dossier for commercial launch GM mustard.
    19. New termite species Glyptotermes Chiraharitae discovered at Kakkayam in Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala). It has been named Chiraharitae after tropical evergreen forests of the Western Ghats, where it was spotted.
      1. Termites are of three types - damp wood, dry wood and subterranean. Glyptotermes Chiraharitae species are of the damp wood category.
    20. Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced that India-Pakistan's 3323-km border will be completely sealed by December 2018. Besides, a new concept of Border Security Grid (BSG) has been envisaged, which will take final shape after considering suggestions of all stake holders related to border security.
  30. Oct 02, 2016
    1. Oct 02 - UN International Day of Non-Violence. It commemorates birthday of M K Gandhi. It is also birthday of Former Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri.
      1. On 147th birth anniversary of M K Gandhi. India handed over its Instrument of Ratification of Paris Agreement on climate change to United Nations. India accounts for 4.1 % of global Green House Gas Emissions and became 62nd country to ratify agreement, responsible for almost 52% of global Green House Gases (GHG) emissions. Paris Agreement on climate change will enter into force one month after countries that account for 55% of global GHG emissions ratify it.
    2. Bangladesh's Petroleum & Natural Gas Minister Nasrul Hamid visited India.
    3. Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe visited India.
    4. Sushil Chandra has been appointed as Chairperson of CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes).
    5. Oil India Limited (OIL) signed MOU with University of Houston, for augmenting its reserves base and maximising recovery from its aging oilfields.
    6. 3 Indian students - Aditya Pal, Amarjeet Pandde and Guhan Narayanan won 4 silver medals at 10th International Earth Science Olympiad in Japan.
    7. Kshatrapathi Shivaji has been appointed as Executive Director in Asian Development Bank.
    8. India will host Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). This is first AMCDRR after advent of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRRR), adopted at 3rd UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan in March, 2015.
      1. First World Tsunami Awareness Day will be celebrated on November 5, 2016 at the Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) 2016.
    9. Switzerland's Minister for Justice and Police, Simonetta Sommaruga visited India and signed 3 agreements - Mutual Visa Exemption, Return of Illegal Migrants and Arrangement for Dependent Persons of Diplomatic and Consular Mission to Perform Gainful Employment.
    10. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley visited USA and Canada.
    11. First edition of World Sustainable Development Summit with theme ‘Beyond 2015: People, Planet and Progress’ organized The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi).
    12. India’s latest communication satellite, GSAT-18 launched by Ariane 5 VA-231 launch vehicle from Kourou (France). It weighed 3,404 kg at lift-off.
    13. 6th BRICS Science & Technology Senior Official Meeting (SOM) for setting priorities for cooperation amongst BRICS countries in Science, Technology and Innovation has been organized in Jaipur (Rajasthan).
    14. Fixed Term Employment has been introduced by Ministry of Labour and Employment in Apparel Manufacturing sector. It has been done keeping in viewb the seasonal nature of sector and will ensure same benefits for fixed term employee in sector as a regular employee.
    15. Finance MinisterArun Jaitley chaired Commonwealth Finance Ministers’ Meeting held at IMF Headquarters in Washington D.C. (USA). He also attended  Governing Council Meeting of the BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA).
      1.  Standard Chartered Bank and Bank of Baroda signed MoU on Commonwealth Small States Trade Finance Facility, to make available up to US $100 million of incremental trade finance over 3 years.
      2. India also pledged £ 1,022,100 to Commonwealth Fund for technical cooperation.
    16. 20th ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) - Heads of Defence Universities / Colleges / Institutions Meet (HDUCIM) held at National Defence College in Delhi.
    17. 4th BRICS Science, Technology and Innovation Ministerial Meeting held at Jaipur (Rajasthan).
    18. National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) Goa has established a high altitude research station in Himalaya called HIMANSH, at a remote region in Spiti, Himachal Pradesh.
      1. Himalayan region has largest concentration of glaciers outside polar caps, and is called “Water Tower of Asia”. It is source of 10 major river systems that provide irrigation, power and drinking water for over 70 crore people in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
    19. Red Bull Racer Daniel Ricciardo (Australia) won 2016 Malaysia Grand Prix Formula One -
      1. 2016 Formula One season -
        1. Total 21 Grand Prix Races to be organized across the world in 2016. Calendar is -
          1. Grand Prix Date Winner
            Australia 20 March Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Baharain 3 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            China 17 April Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Russia 1 May Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Spain 15 May Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
            Monaco 29 May Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Canada 12 June Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Europe 19 June Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Austria 3 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Britain 10 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Hungary 24 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Germany 31 July Lewis Hamilton (Britain)
            Belgium 28 August Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Italy 4 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Singapore 18 September Nico Rosberg (Germany)
            Malaysia 2 October Daniel Ricciardo (Australia)
            Japan 9 October    
            USA 23 October  
            Mexico 30 October  
            Brazil 13 November  
            Abu Dhabi 27 November  
  31. Oct 01, 2016
    1. Oct 01 - United Nations’ International day of Older Persons. 2016 theme is Take a Stand Against Ageism.
    2. Oct 01 - World Vegetarian Day.
    3. Government stated that Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh have become first States to declare all cities and towns as Open Defecation Free (ODF).
    4. Minister of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences Harsh Vardhan visited USA for White House Arctic Science Ministerial meeting.
    5. PETROTECH 2016, 12th International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition will be organised by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in New Delhi in December, 2016.
    6. Jharkhand become first state to implement Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in Kerosene in four districts - Chatra, Hazaribagh, Khunti and Jantara.
    7. M Sathiyavathy appointed as Secretary in Ministry of Labour & Employment.
    8. Ministry of Corporate Affairs Launched Simplified Proforma for Incorporating a Company Electronically (SPICe) e-Form, to provide speedy incorporation related services within stipulated time frames.
    9. Government approved 515 crores for development of proposed Sagar Port project in West Bengal.
    10. Book Modi’s Midas Touch in Foreign Policy, authored by Surendra Kumar has been released.
    11. Meeran C. Borwankar appointed as Director in National Crime Records Bureau.
    12. Prime Minister of Singapore, Lee Hsien Loong visited India.
    13. Sangeet Natak Akademi awarss 2015 have been presented -
      1. C V Chandrasekhar has been named Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellow (Akademi Ratna). Fellowship of Sahitya Akademi is most prestigious and rare honour, restricted to 40 numbers at any given time.
      2. Akademi also selected 43 artists for Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards (Akademi Puraskar) for 2015.
    14. Government approved MoU with European Union in field of water resources.
    15. Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation constituted a committee to report Cauvery basin area's ground realities and suggest improvements in Policy. GS Jha will be Chairman of this team.
    16. Government approved MoU with African Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) for capacity building in rural development. 

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